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ALPHER, BETHE & GAMOW. The origin of chemical elements, pp. 803-4 in Physical Review Vol. 73, No. 7, April 1, 1948 [With:] ALPHER, HERMAN & GAMOW. Thermonuclear reactions in the expanding universe, pp. 1198-9 in Physical Review Vol. 74, No. 9, November 1, 1948 [With:] ALPHER. Neutron-capture theory of the formation and relative abundance of the elements, pp. 1577-89 in Physical Review Vol. 74, No. 11, December 1, 1948 [With:] ALPHER & HERMAN. On the relative abundance of the elements, pp. 1737-42 in Physical Review Vol. 74, No. 12, December 15, 1948 [With:] ALPHER & HERMAN. Theory of the origin and relative abundance distribution of the elements, pp. 153-212 in Reviews of Modern Physics Vol. 22, No. 2, April, 1950. THEORY OF THE BIG BANG
Lancaster, PA & New York, NY: American Physical Society, 1948. First edition, journal issues in original printed wrappers, of the scientific foundation for the Big Bang theory. George Gamow "was interested in the Big Bang in relation to nucleosynthesis - the formation of atomic nuclei. Gamow wanted to see whether nuclear physics and the Big Bang could explain the observed atomic abundances," specifically, "whether the early moments of the Big Bang could be responsible for our universe being dominated by hydrogen and helium." With his graduate student Ralph Alpher, Gamow began constructing an ingenious mathematical model that attempted to explain the nuclear processes that would have occurred at the conditions of the extreme heat of the very early universe. They "spent three years working through their calculations, questioning their assumptions, updating their cross-sections, and refining their estimates . . . This was an extraordinary adventure. They were applying concrete physics to a previously vague Big Bang theory, attempting to mathematically model the conditions and events of the early universe. They were estimating initial conditions and applying the laws of nuclear physics to see how the universe evolved with time and how the processes of nucleosynthesis progressed." With their model, Alpher and Gamow could predict the formation of hydrogen and helium in the observed proportions in the universe. "This result was the first major triumph of the Big Bang model since Hubble had observed and measured the redshifts of galaxies" (Singh, Big Bang). Gamow and Alpher's resul … [Click Below for Full Description]
Bookseller: Landmarks of Science Books [Richmond, United Kingdom]
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