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2021-01-06 21:13:06
PAULI, Wolfgang
Manuscript
Princeton, NJ: before 1945. The calculations in the first two pages relate to a generalization of the general theory of relativity that Einstein was working on in connection with his unified field theory. In a paper of June 19, 1945, Einstein had proposed a generalization of the mathematical foundations of general relativity. He proposed to generalize the theory such that distances in space would be invariant (unchanging) not only under changes of the frame of reference (as in the original theory) but also invariant under so-called Hermitian transformations. In a follow-up paper of January 24, 1946 (co-written with E.G. Straus), the authors note that Pauli had shown them that the limitation to Hermitian transformations is not necessary for the theory. Indeed, in the first two pages of the document Pauli shows that a restriction to Hermitian transformations is problematic, and he suggests an even more general transformation group, and thereby provides a generalization of the alleged structure of space and time that goes further than that proposed by Einstein in his 1945 papers. The pages were very likely written for Einstein. They are not formally addressed to him, most likely because Einstein and Pauli were both at the same Institute at the time and Pauli could just put his notes in Einstein's departmental pigeonhole himself. Still, the calculations finish on a personal note: "Best regards, on Monday morning I'll come to the Institute, Yours, W. Pauli"; likely an invitation for further discussion between two of the greatest minds of the twentieth century. Einstein was at th … [Click Below for Full Description]
Bookseller: Rootenberg Rare Books & Manuscripts – ABAA, ABA, ILAB [California, United States]

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