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2021-01-06 06:49:21
[(Attributed to:) Thomas, Antoine]
L'etat present de l'Eglise de la Chine, Adressé a Monseigneur a l'Eceque de ***
[S.l.]: [S.n.], 1709. First edition. In contemporary leather. Gilt spine with red title label. Edges of the panels gilt. Marbled endpapers. Tinted edges. Old collection stamp on title page. Binding rubbed, corners bumped. Small damage to front panels lower right corner. Otherwise in fine condition.. First edition. In contemporary leather. Gilt spine with red title label. Edges of the panels gilt. Marbled endpapers. Tinted edges. (12), 308 p. Scarce publication related to the endgame of the Chinese Rites Controversy. Antoine Thomas (adopted the Chinese name of Ngan To P'Ing-Che; 1644-1709), was a Belgian Jesuit priest, missionary, and astronomer at the imperial court of China. He was the Superior of the Jesuits in China when the Chinese rites were banned by the Papal Legate. Thomas arrived in China as a Jesuit missionary in 1685, and due to his expertise in mathematics, he soon gained important posts in the court which led him to become a close adviser to the Kangxi Emperor. As such he obtained an edict of tolerance from the Chinese ruler in 1692, that gave to the missionaries almost complete freedom to preach Christianity. Meanwhile the dispute among the Roman Catholic missionaries, the so-called Chinese Rites Controversy was raging. The Jesuits argued that the Chinese rituals and Confucianism were secular customs, thus should be tolerated, the Dominicans and the Franciscans disagreed and urged Rome to condemn and ban these rites. In 1705 Pope Clement XI sent Charles Thomas Maillard de Tournon, as a papal legate to China. In 1707 Tournon issued a decree to c … [Click Below for Full Description]
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