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2020-12-26 09:18:05
COLQUHOUN, P[atrick]
A treatise on indigence; exhibiting a general view of the national resources for productive labour; with propositions for ameliorating the condition of the poor, and improving the moral habits and increasing the comforts of the labouring people, particularly the rising generation; by regulations of political economy, calculated to prevent poverty from descending into indigence, to produce sobriety and industry, to reduce the parochial rates of the Kingdom, and generally to promote the happiness and security of the community at large, by the diminution of moral and penal offences, and the future prevention of crimes.
London J. Hatchard, 1806. 8vo, xii + (5)-302 + (12)pp, one large folding table, complete with the final leaf with advertisements on recto and directions to binder on verso, and with a 16-page Longman's list of 'modern publications' dated October 1, 1806, at end, well bound recently in cloth-backed marbled boards, a little scattered foxing, entirely uncut. A good copy. This was Colquhoun's major work on the question of poverty and pauperism, its relationship to crime and disorder and the need for a new comprehensive system of police. This valuable work contains plans for a board of education, national savings bank with state guarantee to depositors, a system of reproductive work for the unemployed, a national poor-rate uniformly assessed, and the issue of a police gazette, containing statistics of crime and descriptions of the persons of offenders. Colquhoun begins with a clear definition of 'poverty' which is to be distinguished from 'indigence'. In this he was following the lead of Jeremy Bentham, and his sentiments clearly echo those of Bentham. He states that poverty is 'an indispensable and necessary ingredient in civil society', and is 'that state and condition where the individual has no surplus in store, and, consequently, no property but what is derived from the constant exercise of industry in the various occupations of life; or in other words it is the state of every one who must labour for subsistence. Poverty is therefore a most necessary and indispensable ingredient in society, without which nations and communities could not exist in a state of civilization'. ' … [Click Below for Full Description]
Bookseller: John Drury Rare Books ABA ILAB [Manningtree, United Kingdom]
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