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2020-12-18 18:31:29
FERMAT, Pierre de]. DIOPHANTUS of Alexandria
Arithmeticorum libri sex, et de numeris multangulis liber unus. Cum commentariis C.G. Bacheti V.C. & observationibus D.P. de Fermat senatoris Tolosani . Accessit doctrinae analyticae inventum novum, collectum [by J. de Billy] ex varijs . Fermat epistolis [ed. Samuel de Fermat]
Bernard Bosc, Toulouse, 1670. FERMAT'S THEOREM - EXTREMELY RARE LARGE PAPER COPY WITH PORTRAIT. First edition, the superb Macclesfield copy printed on large and thick paper and with the engraved frontispiece portrait of Fermat (intended only for the few large paper copies), of Fermat's annotated edition of Diophantus' Arithmetica. This is the first printing of Fermat's contributions to the theory of numbers, of which he is the undisputed founder, including his famous statement of 'Fermat's last theorem.' Since most of Fermat's work in number theory remained unpublished in his lifetime, "it was neither understood nor appreciated until Euler revived it and initiated the line of continuous research that culminated in the work of Gauss and Kummer in the early nineteenth century" (DSB). Fermat showed little interest in publishing his work, which remained confined to his correspondence, personal notes, and to marginal jottings in his copy of the 1621 editio princeps, edited by Claude Bachet, of Diophantus' Arithmetica. Fermat's marginalia included not only arguments against some of Bachet's conclusions, but also new problems inspired by Diophantus. After his death, Fermat's eldest son Clement-Samuel published his father's marginalia in this new edition. Most famous of the 48 observations by Fermat included here is the tantalizing note that appears on fol. H3r "regarding the impossibility of finding a positive integer n > 2 for which the equation xn + yn = zn holds true for the positive integers x, y, and z" (Norman). Fermat noted that he had discovered a "truly marvellous demonst … [Click Below for Full Description]
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