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2020-11-15 09:06:09
LEGENDRE, Adrien Marie.
Nouvelles méthodes pour la détermination des orbites des comètes; avec un supplément contenant divers perfectionnemens de ces methods et leur application auc deux Comètes de 1805.
Paris: Firmin Didot, 1806. First edition. THE METHOD OF LEAST SQUARES. First edition, second issue, but the first to contain the Supplement, of the invention of the method of least squares, "the automobile of modern statistical analysis" and the origin of "the most famous priority dispute in the history of statistics" (Stigler). "In 1805 Legendre published the work by which he is chiefly known in the history of statistics, Nouvelles méthodes pour la détermination des orbites des comètes. At eighty pages this work made a slim book, but it gained a fifty-five page supplement (and a reprinted title page [i.e., the offered issue]) in January of 1806 ... For stark clarity of exposition the presentation is unsurpassed; it must be counted as one of the clearest and most elegant introductions of a new statistical method in the history of statistics. In fact, statisticians in the succeeding century and three-quarters have found so little to improve upon that ... the explanation of the method could almost be from an elementary text of the present" (ibid.). "The great advances in mathematical astronomy made during the early years of the nineteenth century were due in no small part to the development of the method of least squares. The same method is the foundation for the calculus of errors of observation now occupying a place of great importance in the scientific study of social, economic, biological, and psychological problems. Gauss says in his work on the Theory of Motions of the Heavenly Bodies (1809) that he had made use of this principle since 1795 but that it was first publish … [Click Below for Full Description]
Bookseller: SOPHIA RARE BOOKS [Denmark]

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