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2020-11-03 18:45:23
Lobachevsky, N.
LOBACHEVSKY IN FRENCH] Nouveaux principes de la géométrie avec une théorie complète des parallèles [i.e. New Principles of Geometry with a Complete Theory of Parallels]
Hayez, Bruxelles, 1901. 132 pp., 9 plates. 23.5x16.1 cm. Contemporary owner's half-leather binding with gilt lettering on the spine. Near fine. Minor tear at the hinge of the spine. Ex Libris on the verso of the front board Gösta Mittag-Leffler (1846-1927), a Swedish mathematician and a member of the Nobel Prize Committee. Extremely rare first edition. THE FIRST SEPARATE EDITION OF LOBACHEVSKY'S MOST COMPREHENSIVE WORK ON NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY IN FRENCH. One of the brightest minds of the Russian scientific world Nikolay Lobachevsky (1792-1856) primarily went down in history as the inventor of non-Euclidean geometry or Lobachevsky's geometry. After multiple unsuccessful attempts to demonstrate Euclid's fifth postulate ("For any given line and point not on the line, there is only one line through the point not intersecting the given line"), Lobachevsky's research culminated in the discovery of non-Euclidean geometry ("An infinity of parallels can be drawn through a given point that never intersects a straight line") in 1826. Nikolay's fundamental paper was read to his colleagues in the Kazan University the same year, however it was not until 1829-1830 that the groundbreaking critic was published in the small university paper under the title O nachalakh geometrii [i.e. On the Principles of Geometry]. In an effort to amplify his research, the author revised part of his 1829/1830 work and wrote a new, more comprehensive version, entitled Novyye nachala geometrii s polnoy teoriyey parallel'nykh [i.e. New Principles of Geometry with a Complete Theory of Parallels] in 1835. The st … [Klicken Sie unten für eine ausführliche Beschreibung]
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