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2020-09-16 10:49:01
Franklin D. Roosevelt
President Franklin D. Roosevelt Informs the American Red Cross of a Plan Afoot to Supply American Prisoners of War Held in Japanese Camps
25/09/1943. Franklin D. Roosevelt This unpublished letter was acquired directly from the descendants of the recipient and has never been offered for saleDuring the course of World War II, the Japanese captured some 300,000 Allied prisoners of war. These prisoners found themselves in camps in Japan, Taiwan, Singapore and other Japanese-occupied countries. The terms of the Geneva Convention were ignored by the Japanese who often made up rules and inflicted punishments at the whim of the camp commandant. The majority of prisoners were put to work in mines, fields, shipyards and factories on a diet of about 600 calories a day. Prisoners were rarely given fat in their diet and all were continuously hungry. The majority survived on barley, green stew, meat or fish once a month and seaweed stew. According to the findings of the post-war Tokyo Tribunal, the death rate of Western prisoners was 27%, seven times that of POWs held by the Germans and Italians.It was quickly clear that conditions in Japanese prisoner of war camps were awful, and efforts were made to try to visit the camps, and to send in mail and supplies. These were mainly conducted through the International Red Cross Committee via the Japanese Red Cross in Tokyo. The cumbersome methods, necessitated by war, of getting word to a belligerent nation that did not maintain the same close contact with the International Red Cross Committee at Geneva as did the U.S., British, German, and Italian governments complicated the problem. In their negotiations with the Japanese through neutral channels, the Allied authorities and th … [Cliquez ci-dessous pour une description complète]
Vendeur: The Raab Collection [United States]
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