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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1956

        THE SECRET SEVEN: Well Done, On The Trail, Go Ahead, Win Through, Three Cheers, Mystery, Puzzle For, Fireworks, Good Old, Shock For The, Look Out and Fun For The Secret Seven

      Leicester: Brockhampton Press. 1956 - 1963. ENID BLYTON?'S COPIES. Publisher?'s original presentation bindings of gilt decorated vellum. Some with red morocco labels. Four are early printings from 1956, the remaining eight are first printings between 1956 and 1963. The condition is generally very good, the bindings are square and tight but with some foxing to the edges. The contents of each volume are entirely complete, a little spotted here and there but without inscriptions or stamps. Label lacking from the spine of good Old Secret Seven. Volumes not present are the first two The Secret Seven, Secret Seven Adventure and the sixth good Work, Secret Seven. These appear never to have been in the possession of the author?'s daughter as they are also missing from the shelves seen in photographs of the collection from Gillian?'s home. An outstanding opportunity to acquire the author?'s own copies. Provenance: Gillian Baverstock, Enid Blyton?'s daughter.

      [Bookseller: Lucius Books]
 1.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        The Second World War. Volume One. The Gathering Storm. Volume Two. Their Finest Hour. Volume Three. The Grand Alliance. Volume Four. The Hinge Of Fate, Volume Five. Closing The Ring. Volume Six. Triumph And Tragedy

      The Reprint Society, 1956. Paperback. NEAR FINE. Set of 6 volumes, mostly near fine with little sign of use. Volumes 1-5 have transparent plastic jackets, some with wear. Slight curl or bumping to corners and spine ends. Slight tanning to top edges. Volume 4 has tanning to endpapers. Volume 6 has no jacket; the cover is not as clean, the top edge is dirty and there is slight tanning. Volumes 1 and 2 have matching bookmarks. Published 1950-1956. With maps. Heavy book - delivery restrictions may apply. Main language English. No ISBN shown. Weight 3443g. Offers always considered - please contact us.

      [Bookseller: Booksort]
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        Titulos del Reino Concedidos por los Monarcas Carlistas

      Madrid - Ediciones Hidalguia, 1956 Book. Very Good. Hardcover. A rather nicely bound Spanish work on the the titles granted by the Carlist monarchs. The Carlists were the traditional wing of the Spanish society of the time, encompassing the so-called apostolic traditionalists and, especially, anti-liberal reactionaries. Featuring over 90 engraved shields. Text in the original Spanish. Scarce. Condition: In a full calf binding. Externally, smart with some small scuffs and marks to boards and light wear to extremities. Internally, firmly bound. Very bright and clean throughout. Overall: VERY GOOD INDEED..

      [Bookseller: Rooke Books]
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        Sweet was the song the Virgin sung.

      Museum of Modern Art, New York 1956 - Edition limited to 275 copies drawn and lettered by Ben Shahn, printed on Italian hand-made paper by Edward E. Katz; oblong 32mo (3" x 5"), pp. [32]; musical notation and illustrations throughout by the artist; handsewn in original sheepskin; this is copy 130 numbered and signed by Shahn; contained in the original gold foil box with thong closure; box a little worn, else fine. [Attributes: Signed Copy]

      [Bookseller: Rulon-Miller Books (ABAA / ILAB)]
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        Forbidden Planet

      Farrar Strauss 1956 - First Printing ("First Printing, 1956" stated on the copyright page) fine in a near fine dust jacket with original price of $3.00 still on front flap, housed in a custom-made collector's slipcase. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Bookbid]
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        FORBIDDEN PLANET [A NOVEL]

      Farrar Straus and Cudahy [1956], 1956, Hardcover, Book Condition: Very Good in Near Fine dust jacket, First EditionFirst edition. A science fictional reworking of The Tempest by William Shakespeare. Locke [A Spectrum of Fantasy, page 208 "The novelisation of a celebrated science fiction film in which the crew of a spacecraft combats a powerful alien menace originating from the underground remnants of a dead supercivilisation...as far as I am concerned, this book is one of the two or three most important post-war science fiction film novelisations, and is very scarce indeed"]. Tuck [The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction and Fantasy, page 413 "Novelisation of the screenplay by Cyril Hume, based on the story by Irving Block and Allen Adler. Space patrolmen land on a planet and find survivors of a previous expedition and the strange and wonderful world of an extinct super-race. An invisible monster creates terror until the reason for it is discovered. Film: MGM, 1956, directed by Fred Wilcox, produced bym Nicholas Nayfack, starring Walter Pidgeon and Anne Francis"...(and Leslie Nielsen and Warren Stevens)..."Noteworthy for special effects, including Robby the Robot..."]. Reginald 13801. 184 pages. Near Fine copy with minor edge staining in very attractive Near Fine Dust Wrapper [1/16" x 3/16" area damaged near the lower left corner of front panel]. An attractive copy of a scarce title in Dust Wrapper.

      [Bookseller: biblioboy.com]
 6.   Check availability:     Bookzangle     Link/Print  


        The Loving Shepherdess

      Random House, New York 1956 - Jean Kellogg. Limited Edition. Hardcover. Quarter bound black cloth and cream paper boards with gilt lettering on spine. Boards stained, paper bubbling. Extremities slightly rubbed. Slip case rubbed and stained. #89/115 Copies Signed by the Author and Etcher. Designed by Merle Armitage. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Booked Up, Inc.]
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        DOUBLE STAR

      Doubleday & Company Inc, 1956, Hardcover, Book Condition: Fair in Very Good dust jacket, Later PrintingUnstated later [but nonetheless very early, most likely the second] printing of the first edition. [NB: except for the lack of a first edition statement on the copyright page, this later printing appears indistinguishable from the first printing. The Dust Wrapper of this printing is indistinguishable from that of the first printing]. Hugo Award winner. Black boards with white spine lettering/decoration, 186 pages. Otherwise VG+/Near Fine copy [slight spine cocking] that is faintly musty, with some spotty discoloration to the boards, a 2.5" area of heavy damage to the rear paste-down, scattered light damage to the rear free endpaper, and has SEP 27 1956 stamped to the upper right corner of the front free endpaper; in edgeworn [spine ends more so than elsewhere] VG Dust Wrapper [with the pubisher's original $2.95 printed price still intact on the front flap].

      [Bookseller: biblioboy.com]
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        Le Prophete

      Casterman, 1956 in8 Reliure editeur

      [Bookseller: philippe arnaiz]
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        Isaiah

      Paris: Mourlot, 1956. Color lithograph. Framed. Mourlot, 141.

      [Bookseller: Alan Wofsy Fine Arts]
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        THE PONDER HEART A NEW COMEDY...ADAPTED FROM THE STORY BY EUDORA WELTY

      New York: Random House, [1956].. Boards, pictorial onlay. Photographic frontis and title. A fine copy in dust jacket, the latter with just a trace of minor dust-soiling. First edition of this dramatic adaptation of Welty's novella. Inscribed and signed by Welty on the free endsheet. POLK M1.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Literature ABAA-]
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        Diamonds Are Forever

      London: Jonathan Cape,, 1956. Octavo. Original black boards, titles to spine in silver, upper board blocked in blind with diamond design in silver. With the dust jacket. Small bookshop label to front pastedown, very mild partial browning to the endpapers, but a very nice copy in the very lightly rubbed, price-clipped dust jacket. First edition, first impression.

      [Bookseller: Peter Harrington]
 12.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        A History of the English-Speaking Peoples

      London: Cassell and Company Ltd,, 1956?-8. 4 volumes, octavo (237 × 150 mm). Finely bound by Zaehnsdorf in dark blue crushed morocco, titles and double line mitre to spines, double rule to boards, inner dentelles, marbled endpapers, gilt edges. All volumes illustrated with maps and genealogical tables. Some occasional light foxing, spines and boards a little faded, some mild surface loss to lower back board on volume 1, an excellent set. First editions, first impressions. A particularly attractively set. Churchill's history of the two branches of the English-speaking nations ?- the British Empire and the United States ?- was begun during his "Wilderness Years" in the early 1930s, but not completed until after his retirement from the political stage in the late 1950s. The events of the Second World War, the major interruption in the writing process, had reconfirmed his belief in the "Special Relationship": "For the second time in the present century the British Empire and the United States have stood together facing the perils of war on the largest scale known among men, and since the cannons ceased to fire and the bombs to burst we have become more conscious of our common duty to the human race." Consequently, he gave considerable attention to the key events of American history. Around a quarter of the third volume, "The Age of Revolution", is dedicated to the American War of Independence, and a full third of the final volume, "The Great Democracies" contains a detailed study of the American Civil War.

      [Bookseller: Peter Harrington]
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        After reading an editorial in ?The Dallas Morning News,? one of his most vigorous critics while he was President, praising his daughter Margaret, Truman opines ?I suppose there has to be a first time for everything,? adding a handwritten postscript, ?That paper has treated me like a pickpocket!?

      "Typed Letter Signed ?Harry S Truman,? 1 page, 7.25? x 10.5?. Kansas City, Missouri, March 19, 1956. To Thomas E. Turner, Chief, Central Texas Bureau, Dallas Morning News, Waco, Texas. Fine condition. With original postmarked envelope with mounting remnants on verso. In full, ?Thank you very much for sending me the editorial about Margaret from The Dallas Morning News ?" it is very interesting. I suppose there has to be a first time for everything and I more than appreciate your thoughtfulness in sending me the editorial.? In a postscript, Truman penned ?That paper has treated me like a pickpocket!? On March 12, 1956, at a morning news conference in Kansas City, Missouri, former President Harry S. Truman announced for himself and Mrs. Truman that their daughter Margaret was engaged to Clifton Daniel, assistant to the foreign news editor of ?The New York Times.? That afternoon, Miss Truman and Mr. Daniel met with newsmen at the Hotel Carlyle in New York City where Miss Truman had been living. They said they had met in November 1955, were engaged in January, and would be married in Independence, Missouri, in April. The announcement of Margaret?s engagement may have resulted in the editorial. An Associated Press story about the Truman letter here offered, headlined ?Truman Thanks Paper / For ?First? Good Turn,? was published by ?The New York Times? on March 28, 1956. In full, ?Former President Harry S. Truman still has a strong opinion about newspapers that have not agreed with him, Thomas Turner found out today. Several days ago Mr. Turner, of The Dallas Morning News? central Texas bureau, clipped a Dallas news editorial praising Margaret Truman and mailed it to her father. The Dallas News was a vigorous critic of Mr. Truman when he was President. In less than a week he had an answer, which appeared to Mr. Turner to have been typed by Mr. Truman himself. The note thanked Mr. Turner, then added: ?I suppose there has to be a first time for everything.? A hand-written sentence was written under Mr. Truman?s signature. It read: ?That paper has treated me like a pickpocket.?? A photocopy of the ?Times? AP story is present."

      [Bookseller: University Archives]
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        Profiles in Courage

      New York: Harper & Brothers,, 1956. Octavo. Original black cloth backed blue boards, titles to spine gilt. With the dust jacket. An excellent copy in the dust jacket. First edition, first printing. Presentation copy inscribed by the author on the front free endpaper, "To Walter Duffy with kind wishes John Kennedy". The recipient was a writer on politico-legal affairs. Profiles in Courage represented not so much an analysis of bravery in others, but was more a key statement of what Kennedy himself held to be the marks of integrity and bravery. As such, beyond its Pulitzer Prize winning status, it was a literary lynchpin in the early move toward the highest office as Kennedy positioned himself for the big push. Presentation copies of this work were an important part of his campaign and examples such as this one inscribed to a pressman are particularly compelling.

      [Bookseller: Peter Harrington]
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        After reading an editorial in ???The Dallas Morning News,??? one of his most vigorous critics while he was President, praising his daughter Margaret, Truman opines ???I suppose there has to be a first time for everything,??? adding a handwritten postscript, ???That paper has treated me like a pickpocket!???

      "Typed Letter Signed ???Harry S Truman,??? 1 page, 7.25??? x 10.5???. Kansas City, Missouri, March 19, 1956. To Thomas E. Turner, Chief, Central Texas Bureau, Dallas Morning News, Waco, Texas. Fine condition. With original postmarked envelope with mounting remnants on verso. In full, â??Thank you very much for sending me the editorial about Margaret from The Dallas Morning News â?? it is very interesting. I suppose there has to be a first time for everything and I more than appreciate your thoughtfulness in sending me the editorial.â? In a postscript, Truman penned â??That paper has treated me like a pickpocket!â? On March 12, 1956, at a morning news conference in Kansas City, Missouri, former President Harry S. Truman announced for himself and Mrs. Truman that their daughter Margaret was engaged to Clifton Daniel, assistant to the foreign news editor of â??The New York Times.â? That afternoon, Miss Truman and Mr. Daniel met with newsmen at the Hotel Carlyle in New York City where Miss Truman had been living. They said they had met in November 1955, were engaged in January, and would be married in Independence, Missouri, in April. The announcement of Margaretâ??s engagement may have resulted in the editorial. An Associated Press story about the Truman letter here offered, headlined â??Truman Thanks Paper / For â??Firstâ?? Good Turn,â? was published by â??The New York Timesâ? on March 28, 1956. In full, â??Former President Harry S. Truman still has a strong opinion about newspapers that have not agreed with him, Thomas Turner found out today. Several days ago Mr. Turner, of The Dallas Morning Newsâ?? central Texas bureau, clipped a Dallas news editorial praising Margaret Truman and mailed it to her father. The Dallas News was a vigorous critic of Mr. Truman when he was President. In less than a week he had an answer, which appeared to Mr. Turner to have been typed by Mr. Truman himself. The note thanked Mr. Turner, then added: â??I suppose there has to be a first time for everything.â?? A hand-written sentence was written under Mr. Trumanâ??s signature. It read: â??That paper has treated me like a pickpocket.â??â? A photocopy of the â??Timesâ? AP story is present."

      [Bookseller: University Archives ]
 16.   Check availability:     ABAA     Link/Print  


        2 eigenh. Briefe mit U.

      Tel Aviv, 1956.. Zusammen 2 SS. auf 2 Bll. 8vo.. An Iwan Gabriel Lilienfeld (geb. 1910), Chefredakteur der "Jedioth Chadashot", der neben "Yedioth Hayom" (1936-1964) ersten und über einen langen Zeitraum hinweg einzigen deutschsprachigen Zeitung aus Palästina und Israel (1935-1973), für die Brod die Kolumne "Klang und Schatten" gestaltete. I: "Für Ende Juni ist der kleine beiliegende Artikel vielleicht von Interesse. Er wurde mir von einem meiner Bekannten übergeben, ist natürlich nicht von mir. Aber wie Sie aus dem Manuskript sehen, habe ich mir die Mühe gemacht, ihn durchzukorrigieren, die Hälfte oder noch mehr zu kürzen und eine Einleitung (nach mündlichen Angaben meines Bekannten) voranzusetzen [...]" (Br. v. 4. Juni 1956; auf Briefpapier mit gedr. Briefkopf und ohne das erwähnte Manuskript; mit 2 kl. Ausr. am linken Rand (hierdurch geringf. Buchstabenverlust)). - II: "Ich wäre Ihnen sehr verbunden, wenn Sie mir das Honorar für meine letzten 3 Artikel (vom Artikel über Haschek angefangen, der am 5. September erschienen ist) jetzt anweisen ließen [...]" (Br. v. 12. November 1956; auf Briefpapier mit Adreßstempel; mit 2 kl. Ausr. am linken Rand (hierdurch geringf. Buchstabenverlust)).

      [Bookseller: Kotte Autographs GmbH]
 17.   Check availability:     ZVAB     Link/Print  


        The Correspondence of Alexander Pope. Five Volumes.

      Oxford at the Clarendon Press, Oxford and London. 1956 - Edited by George Sherburn. Dark red cloth hardcovers with gilt lettering, frontispieces, 8vo. Vol. 1: 1704-1718, xli-524 pages; Vol. 2: 1719-1728, 533 pages; Vol. 3: 1729-1735, 519 pages; Vol. 4: 1736-1744, 524 pages; Vol. 5: Corrections, Additional Letters, List of Correspondence and Index, 234 pages. A handsome set, near fine, appears unread. First 3 volumes are in Very Good Dust Jackets, not price-clipped. DJ of Vol. 4 has 2 spots. Vol. 5 (no Dust Jacket) shows light wear and fading of spine. No overseas shipping without additional postage. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: The Good Times Bookshop]
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        ISLANDS OF SPACE

      Fantasy Press, Reading 1956 - Octavo, cloth. One of 50 copies signed on special inserted limitation page by the author (the author is claimed to have signed only 50 of the limitation sheets even thought sheet calls for 500 signed copies). An Arcot, Wade and Morley space adventure. See Anatomy of Wonder (1995) 2- 12. Fine in a fine dust jacket with some dust soiling to rear panel. A bright attractive copy of a scarce book. (8695) [Attributes: First Edition; Signed Copy; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: John W. Knott, Jr, Bookseller, ABAA/ILAB]
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        LUKISAN-LUKISAN KOLEKSI IR. DR. SUKARNO - Presiden Republik Indonesia * PAINTINGS FROM THE COLLECTION OF DR. SUKARNO - President of the Republic of Indonesia. (2 VOLUMES)

      Peking: The People's Fine Arts Publishing House, 1956 Bound in burgundy red covers with gilt title and decorated spine. Volume I: 35pp. text followed by 88 mounted colour plates (mainly 30x22 and 17x27). Volume II: 15pp. text followed by 118 colour plates (25 by Dullah himself). TEXT: Bahasa Indonesia - Chinese - English - Russian. A fine set in good condition. EXTRA mailing required ! * TOTAL POSTAGE (registered airmail - only option): EUROPE 35.00 euros - OUTSIDE 100.00 euros. You will be informed by extra email ! . Hardcover. AS NEW. Illus. by Dullah - Painter to the Presidential Palace. 39x33.

      [Bookseller: ASIA PACIFIC LIBRARY]
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        Mr Twink Finds Out

      London: Epworth Press, 1956 Unclipped DJ Has Slight Hint Of Age Marks.Blue Boards Stamped In Red Text.Endpapers Has Tape Shadows & Pen Name Crossed Out.Clean Text.Solid Square Copy Of Very RARE Title. 119pp

      [Bookseller: Flashbackbooks]
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        Collection of 28 offprints, including his Nobel Prize work.

      1956-1987 1956 - Foundation of Bacterial GeneticsLederberg, Joshua (1925- ). (1) (with Edward L. Tatum [1909-75]) Novel genotypes in mixed cultures of biochemical mutants of bacteria. Offprint from Cold Spring Harbor Symposia on Quantitative Biology 11 (1946). 113-114pp. Original printed wrappers, creased horizontally, margins a bit sunned. (2) (with Tatum). Gene recombination in the bacterium Escherichia coli. Offprint from J. Bacteriology 53 (1947). 673-684pp. Without wrappers. Light dust-soiling. Lederberg's address label tipped to first page. (3) (with Norton D. Zinder [1928- ]) Genetic exchange in salmonella. Offprint from J. Bacteriology 64 (1952). 679-699pp., plus mimeographed addenda sheet. Without wrappers. Light soiling to first & last leaves. Bound in a volume (blue cloth, gilt-lettered spine) with 27 other offprints by Lederberg (either alone or in collaboration), as listed below, plus one other offprint by Lederberg laid in loosely, and a paper by Lederberg's wife, Esther Lederberg. See list below for full descriptions. Volume bound for G. and E. Meynell, of the biology laboratory at the University of Kent, with their initials on the spine and address label on the inside front cover. Overall very good.(1) & (2) First Separate Editions. Garrison-Morton 255.4. (no. [2]). Lederberg shared the 1958 Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine with Tatum and George Beadle for their essential contributions to bacterial genetics. Among these contributions was Lederberg and Tatum's discovery of sexual processes in the reproduction of certain strains of E. coli bacteria, which they first announced at the July 1946 symposium at Cold Spring Harbor in their paper "Novel genotypes in mixed cultures of biochemical mutants of bacteria." "Gene recombination in the bacterium Escherichia coli," their first complete paper on bacterial sexual reproduction, was published the following year. [Lederberg and Tatum's] data showed that only when two mutants [the B-M- and T-P- mutants of the K-12 strain of E. coli] were mixed were prototrophs obtained: When single strains were plated, only the parental type was obtained. Even more significant, when prototrophs (recombinants) were tested for T1 resistance (the unselected marker), it was found that some were sensitive, others were resistant, but the frequency depended on which parent carried the resistant marker (Brock, Emergence of Bacterial Genetics, p. 82).This crucial discovery, together with the methodology developed by Tatum and Lederberg, provided the foundation for all subsequent research in genetic recombination.Lederberg had originally intended to study medicine, but he abandoned medical school after two years to study biochemical genetics under Tatum at Yale University. His early work in Tatum's laboratory was focused primarily on searching for sexual reproduction in bacteria. Bacteria at the time were thought to reproduce only asexually through cell division; sexual reproduction, if proven to exist in bacteria, would help explain how new genetic information could be introduced into these one-celled organisms."[Lederberg] soon found that some strains of the colon bacteria Escherichia coli were capable of sexual reproduction. Observed sexual reproduction in these bacteria was achieved by the process named conjugation. In conjugation, the two bacteria involved become joined together by a conjugation tube; the "male" bacterium injects its chromosomal information into the "female" bacterium. Then, the daughter cell produced by this conjugation divides asexually.These observations led Lederberg and Tatum to carry out experiments in bacterial genetic recombination by examining the consequences of crossing (mating) two different bacterial strains. The resultant bacterial offspring they isolated were found to be a third strain, possessing characteristics of both parent strains used in the cross. Lederberg and Tatum names the process sexual genetic recombination and laid down the foundation for the modern science [Attributes: Soft Cover]

      [Bookseller: Jeremy Norman's historyofscience]
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        In the Winter of Cities

      New York: New Directions. (1956). First. First edition. White parchment boards in labeled slipcase. Fine in fine slipcase. One of 100 copies Signed by author. A beautiful copy. .

      [Bookseller: Between the Covers- Rare Books, Inc. ABA]
 23.   Check availability:     IOBABooks     Link/Print  


        The Official Encyclopedia of Baseball

      A.S. Barnes and Company, New York 1956 - Revised edition. Lightly worn, top edge stained, very good without dustwrapper. Ownership signature of sportswriter and columnist David R. Condon of the Chicago Tribune. Condon has had this copy Signed by 25 major league baseball players including nine Hall of Famers: Casey Stengel, Phil Rizzuto, Mickey Cochrane, Luke Appling, Edd Roush, Ted Lyons, Ray "Cracker" Schalk, Ed Walsh and Red Faber. Other players who have signed by their entries in the *Encyclopedia* are Walker Cooper, Emil Verban, Eddie Lopat, Rip Collins, Johnny Rigney, Jimmy Archer, Donie Bush, Bob Coleman, John Cooney, Lou Fiene, Snipe Hansen, Hub Hart, Tony Piet, Charlie Silvera, Eddie Stack and Milkman Jim Turner. A nice accumulation of signatures before collecting baseball autographs became an industry. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Between the Covers-Rare Books, Inc. ABAA]
 24.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        Collection of 28 offprints, including his Nobel Prize work

      1956-1987. Foundation of Bacterial GeneticsLederberg, Joshua (1925- ). (1) (with Edward L. Tatum [1909-75]) Novel genotypes in mixed cultures of biochemical mutants of bacteria. Offprint from Cold Spring Harbor Symposia on Quantitative Biology 11 (1946). 113-114pp. Original printed wrappers, creased horizontally, margins a bit sunned. (2) (with Tatum). Gene recombination in the bacterium Escherichia coli. Offprint from J. Bacteriology 53 (1947). 673-684pp. Without wrappers. Light dust-soiling. Lederberg's address label tipped to first page. (3) (with Norton D. Zinder [1928- ]) Genetic exchange in salmonella. Offprint from J. Bacteriology 64 (1952). 679-699pp., plus mimeographed addenda sheet. Without wrappers. Light soiling to first & last leaves. Bound in a volume (blue cloth, gilt-lettered spine) with 27 other offprints by Lederberg (either alone or in collaboration), as listed below, plus one other offprint by Lederberg laid in loosely, and a paper by Lederberg's wife, Esther Lederberg. See list below for full descriptions. Volume bound for G. and E. Meynell, of the biology laboratory at the University of Kent, with their initials on the spine and address label on the inside front cover. Overall very good. (1) & (2) First Separate Editions. Garrison-Morton 255.4. (no. [2]). Lederberg shared the 1958 Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine with Tatum and George Beadle for their essential contributions to bacterial genetics. Among these contributions was Lederberg and Tatum's discovery of sexual processes in the reproduction of certain strains of E. coli bacteria, which they first announced at the July 1946 symposium at Cold Spring Harbor in their paper "Novel genotypes in mixed cultures of biochemical mutants of bacteria." "Gene recombination in the bacterium Escherichia coli," their first complete paper on bacterial sexual reproduction, was published the following year. [Lederberg and Tatum's] data showed that only when two mutants [the B-M- and T-P- mutants of the K-12 strain of E. coli] were mixed were prototrophs obtained: When single strains were plated, only the parental type was obtained. Even more significant, when prototrophs (recombinants) were tested for T1 resistance (the unselected marker), it was found that some were sensitive, others were resistant, but the frequency depended on which parent carried the resistant marker (Brock, Emergence of Bacterial Genetics, p. 82).This crucial discovery, together with the methodology developed by Tatum and Lederberg, provided the foundation for all subsequent research in genetic recombination.Lederberg had originally intended to study medicine, but he abandoned medical school after two years to study biochemical genetics under Tatum at Yale University. His early work in Tatum's laboratory was focused primarily on searching for sexual reproduction in bacteria. Bacteria at the time were thought to reproduce only asexually through cell division; sexual reproduction, if proven to exist in bacteria, would help explain how new genetic information could be introduced into these one-celled organisms. "[Lederberg] soon found that some strains of the colon bacteria Escherichia coli were capable of sexual reproduction. Observed sexual reproduction in these bacteria was achieved by the process named conjugation. In conjugation, the two bacteria involved become joined together by a conjugation tube; the "male" bacterium injects its chromosomal information into the "female" bacterium. Then, the daughter cell produced by this conjugation divides asexually. These observations led Lederberg and Tatum to carry out experiments in bacterial genetic recombination by examining the consequences of crossing (mating) two different bacterial strains. The resultant bacterial offspring they isolated were found to be a third strain, possessing characteristics of both parent strains used in the cross. Lederberg and Tatum names the process sexual genetic recombination and laid down the foundation for the modern science of bacterial genetics" (Magee, Nobel Prize Winners: Physiology or Medicine, p. 779). (3) First Separate Edition. Garrison-Morton 256.1. Lederberg left Yale in 1947 for the University of Wisconsin, where he founded and chaired that university's Department of Medical Genetics. During his tenure at Wisconsin he continued his studies in bacterial genetic recombination, collaborating with his wife, Esther Lederberg, and several other research associates. With one of these, his former student Norton Zinder, Lederberg discovered another means of introducing new genetic material into bacteria: the process of transduction, in which small fragments of hereditary material are transferred from one bacterium to another through the action of a bacterial virus. Lederberg and Zinder's discovery was published in their 1952 paper, "Genetic exchange in salmonella."Among the gene transfers that Lederberg carried out were the immunity to antibiotics and the resistance to these therapeutic drugs. These studies demonstrated that disease production and the resistance to disease by microorganisms were mediated by genetic processes. The identification of conjugation and transduction as means of introducing desired new genes into bacteria enlarged the methodology for investigation of the chemistry of heredity (Magee, pp. 779-80).The papers described above are bound into a volume containing 29 other offprints on bacterial genetics by Lederberg (alone or with collaborators), published between 1946 and 1961. Among these are Lederberg's "Gene recombination and linked segregations in Escherichia coli" (no. 1 below), containing the first genetic map of E. coli; Lederberg and Zinder's "Concentration of biochemical mutants of bacteria with penicillin" (nos. 2 and 3 below), describing the penicillin selection method of isolating bacterial mutants; and Lederberg, Cavalli and Lederberg's "Sex compatibility in Escherichia coli" (no. 12 below), announcing their independent discovery of the sex-determining F factor in E. coli K-12. Also included are a paper by Lederberg's wife (no. 32) and Lederberg's important 1987 review of his scientific work (no. 31). Many of the offprints listed below are cited by Brock in the discussion of Lederberg and Tatum's work contained in chapters 5.1 - 5.3 of his Emergence of Bacterial Genetics (1990), the definitive history of this field (see the list below for citations). 1. Gene recombination and linked segregations in Escherichia coli. Offprint from Genetics 32 (1947). 505-525pp. Without wrappers. Stamp of A. A. Miles. Brock, pp. 85, 110.2. (with Norton Zinder). Concentration of biochemical mutants of bacteria with penicillin. Reprint from J. Am. Chem. Soc. 70 (1948). Mimeographed typescript. [4]pp. Without wrappers. Brock, pp. 87, 111.3. (with Norton Zinder) Concentration of biochemical mutants of bacteria with penicillin. Offprint (together with Bernard Davis's "Isolation of biochemically deficient mutants of bacteria by penicillin") from J. Am. Chem. Soc. 70 (1948). [2]pp. Original printed wrappers, horizontally creased, edges a bit sunned.4. Problems in microbial genetics. Offprint from Heredity 2 (1948). 145-198pp. Original printed wrappers. Brock, p. 110.5. Aberrant heterozygotes in Escherichia coli. Offprint from Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 35 (1949). 178-184pp. Without wrappers. Light soiling.6. The selection of genetic recombinations with bacterial growth inhibitors. Offprint from J. Bacteriology 59 (1950). 211-215pp. Original printed wrappers, back wrapper moderately soiled. Brock, pp. 87, 111.7. Streptomycin resistance: A genetically recessive mutation. Offprint from J. Bacteriology 61 (1951). 549-550pp. Single sheet, without wrappers. Edges a bit frayed, light fingersoiling. Brock, pp. 87, 111.8. Prevalence of Escherichia coli strains exhibiting genetic recombination. Offprint from Science 114 (1951). [2]pp. Single sheet, without wrappers. Creased horizontally, light wear along fold. Brock, pp. 88, 111.9. (with E. M. Lederberg, N. D. Zinder & E. R. Lively) Recombination analysis of bacterial heredity. Offprint from Cold Spring Harbor Symposia on Quantitative Biology 16 (1951). 413-443pp. Without wrappers. Light toning at edges. Brock, pp. 87, 111.10. (with Esther M. Lederberg) Replica plating and indirect selection of bacterial mutants. Offprint from J. Bacteriology 63 (1952). 399-406pp. Without wrappers. Stamp of A. A. Miles. Brock, p. 111.11. Cell genetics and hereditary symbiosis. Offprint from Physiological Reviews 32 (1952). 403-430pp. Without wrappers. Light soiling.12. (with Luigi L. Cavalli & Esther M. Lederberg) Sex compatibility in Escherichia coli. Offprint from Genetics 37 (1952). 720-730pp. Original printed wrappers. Stamp of A. A. Miles. Brock, pp. 91-92, 111.13. (with Esther M. Lederberg) Genetic studies of lysogenicity in Escherichia coli. Offprint from Genetics 38 (1953). 51-64pp. Original printed wrappers, creased vertically. Stamp of Elinor McCloy. 14. (with E. L. Tatum) Sex in bacteria: Genetic studies, 1945-1952. Offprint from Science 118 (1953). 7pp. Without wrappers. Light toning. Brock, p. 111.15. (with Philip R. Edwards) Serotypic recombination in salmonella. Offprint from J. Immunology 71 (1953). 232-240pp. Without wrappers.16. (with N. D. Zinder & B. A. D. Stocker) Transduction of flagellar characters in salmonella. Offprint from J. General Microbiology 9 (1953). 410-433pp., plate. Without wrappers. Light soiling.17. Bacterial protoplasts induced by penicillin. Offprint from Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 42 (1956). 574-577pp. Without wrappers. Signature of Elinor Meynell.18. Conjugal pairing in Escherichia coli. Offprint from J. Bacteriology 71 (1956). 497-498pp. Without wrappers.19. (with L. L. Cavalli-Sforza) Isolation of pre-adaptive mutants in bacteria by sib selection. Offprint from Genetics 41 (1956). 367-381pp. Without wrappers. Meynell signature.20. Linear inheritance in transductional clones. Offprint from Genetics 41 (1956). 845-871pp. Without wrappers.21. (with P. D. Skaar & Alan Richter) Correlated selection for motility and sex-incompatibility in Escherichia coli K12. Offprint from Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 43 (1957). 329-333pp. Without wrappers.22. Sibling recombinants in zygote pedigrees of Escherichia coli. Offprint from Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 43 (1957). 1060-1065pp. Without wrappers.23. (with Jacqueline St. Clair) Protoplasts and L-type growth of Escherichia coli. Offprint from J. Bacteriology 75 (1958). 143-160pp. Without wrappers.24. Genes and antibodies. Offprint from Science 129 (1959). 1649-1653pp. plus mimeographed addenda sheet. Without wrappers. Edges a bit frayed.25. Exobiology: Approaches to life beyond earth. Offprint from Science 132 (1960). 393-400pp. Without wrappers. Edges a bit frayed.26. (with Peter H. A. Sneath) Inhibition by periodate of mating in Escherichia coli K-12. Offprint from Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 47 (1961). 86-90pp. Without wrappers. Meynell signature.27. (with Eugene W. Nester) Linkage of genetic units of Bacillus subtilis in DNA transformation. Offprint from Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 47 (1961). 52-55pp. Without wrappers.28. Genetic recombination in bacteria: A discovery account. Offprint from Ann. Rev. Genet. 21 (1987). 23-46pp. Without wrappers. Laid into bound volume of offprints. Brock, p. 111._____________________29. Lederberg, Esther M. Allelic relationships and reverse mutation in Escherichia coli. Offprint from Genetics 37 (1952). 469-483pp. Without wrappers. Last leaf toned.

      [Bookseller: Jeremy Norman's Historyofscience.com]
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        A History of The English-Speaking Peoples

      Cassell & Company, London 1956 - The Books - 1956 to 1958. [All books are first editions and first printings. Octavo. Original red cloth, titles to spines in gilt, red top stain. All the books have their original first issue dustjackets. Red top-stain variably faded but in a nice overall condition. The dustjackets are slightly rubbed and with a few very minor splits, which have been repaired to the rear. They are internally clean and bright, a very good set. All volumes illustrated with maps and genealogical tables. Churchill's history of the two branches of the English-speaking nations ¿ the British Empire and the United States ¿ was begun during his "Wilderness Years" in the early 1930s, but not completed until after his retirement from the political stage in the late 1950s. The events of the Second World War, the major interruption in the writing process, had reconfirmed his belief in the "Special Relationship", "For the second time in the present century the British Empire and the United States have stood together facing the perils of war on the largest scale known among men, and since the cannons ceased to fire and the bombs to burst we have become more conscious of our common duty to the human race." Consequently he gave considerable attention to the key events of American history, around a quarter of the third volume, "The Age of Revolution", is dedicated to the American War of Independence, and a full third of the final volume, "The Great Democracies" contains a detailed study of the American Civil War. I have housed the original dustjackets in plastic archival sleeves since photographing the set of books. ----- POSTAGE OPTIONS: Our orders are shipped within 1 or 2 business days. --- If you select 'Priority' as the postal option, you will get the fastest option. [Please have a look at my Shipping Rates and Estimated times for Delivery, so you can make your preferred choice]. - Thanks for your interest and I hope you like the book enough to buy it. - Regards from Arabella. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Arabella's Beautiful Books]
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        [Photo Album]: Damn Yankees

      [1956]. First. Two volumes. Red leatherette photograph albums. Chipping at the spinal extremities of the binding, very good or better. A collection of 46 different 5" x 7" photographs, most likely professional, from a production of the musical Damn Yankees at the National Theatre in Washington D.C., (where the fate of the hapless Senators in the play would have been of more than passing interest). This production starred Sherry O'Neil as Lola and Bobby Clark in the vaudeville veteran's final stage role as Mr. Applegate. Two pictures are of the outside of the theater, the rest of the images are mostly either of baseball scenes or of the scantily clad (by 1950s standards) Lola and Joe Hardy (actor Allen Case) in the locker room. Unique. .

      [Bookseller: Between the Covers- Rare Books, Inc. ABA]
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        An Interesting Formation of One Satellited Chromosome in an Individual of Allium Cepa

      Estacion Experimental de Aula Dei, Zaragoza, Spain 1956 - Separata de An. Aula Dei, 1956, 4 (3-4) 185-190. First edition. Offprint. Very good. Science. Genetics. Biology. *Summary:[EN] A case of heterozygous development of the satellited chromosome pair of Allium Cepa is described. One of the homologues had a satellite, while the other one had a satellite zone of normal size, but devoid of stainable satellite granule (Fig. 1,2). Division of the satellite granule in preparation of the next nitosis was observed in anaphase chromosomes (Fig. 3)"Joe Hin Tjio (1919?2001), was a cytogeneticist renowned as the first person to recognize the normal number of human chromosomes. This epochal event occurred on December 22, 1955 at the Institute of Genetics of the University of Lund in Sweden, where Tjio was a visiting scientist." Wikipedia Rare books make Fine Gifts. Free tracking USA. Quality, Value, Experience. [Attributes: First Edition]

      [Bookseller: Robinson Street Books, IOBA]
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        Zeitgemässes und unzeitgemässes, Bücher des Wissens -

      Frankfurt / Hamburg, Fischer Bücherei, 1956 - 249 S. Gut erhaltenes Exemplar. Seiten alters- und papierbedingt leicht gebräunt, Einband mit leichten Gebrauchsspuren, K14846 Sprache: de Gewicht in Gramm: 172

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Buchhandel Daniel Viertel]
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        MADELINE AND THE BAD HAT

      NEW YORK: The Viking Press, 1956. NUMBERED, LIMITED EDITION. Hardcover. Near Fine. Signed, Limited First Edition, 985 have been printed, of which 885 are for sale. Issued December 1956, and the first trade edition wasn't issued until March of 1957. Green cloth with front-board bright graphic of Madeline, red-scarved, aboard a yellow bicycle, tipping her large black hat. Just a hint of rubbing to corners. Lacks dustjacket. Beautiful, bright copy. Americana Exchange estimates likelihood of this title showing up at auction to be 5.5. years.

      [Bookseller: Aardvark Books / Ezra The Bookfinder]
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        The Hobbit, or There and Back Again, 1956 8th Impression with Dustjacket

      Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1956. 2nd Edition. Hard Cover. Near Fine/Very Good Plus. J.R.R. Tolkien. 12mo - over 6¾" - 7¾" tall. A Near Fine copy of an extremely scarce early Hobbit. The 1956 printing, of the 2nd Edition (1951), or the 8th printing overall (1937). This copy is a stated 8th impression from the dustjacket, published by Houghton Mifflin from sheets imported from Great Britain. Stated 8th impression on front flap, not price clipped, noted as printed in Great Britain. One of probably only 1000 imported from Allen & Unwin, lacking the printing history on title verso, to help them circumvent the import restrictions and US copyright laws. The book features the original dustjacket with the Mountains and Dragon design by the author. The dustjackets has a couple of closed tears, one to the upper front panel and another to the upper rear panel, no loss noted. A bit of rubbing and wear to the top of the spine, some minor color loss at the flap folds. The boards show no soiling or marking, no shelfwear to note. The text block is clean, without foxing, a previous owners name to the front pastedown, hidden by the dustjacket flap. No other markings, no bumped corners, clean boards, virtually without fault. The dustjacket is not price clipped, and has no markings. A beautiful clean copy, one of the copies with the dark reddish brown boards stamped in blue, that are very hard to find. Contains the full color frontispiece "The Hill: Hobbiton-across-the Water", as well as the original line drawings by Tolkien. The maps are in excellent condition, with the red and black ink still showing clear and bright against the endpapers. Both maps have no foxing, no marks, or previous owners names. A highly collectable copy, hard to find in this Near Fine condition. Digital photo's available, inquire if interested. Other Tolkien books available, include both the UK and US editions, original cloth bindings, custom fine bindings, and Signed/Numbered/Limited Editions. Near Fine / Very Good Plus.

      [Bookseller: The Tolkien Bookshelf]
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        Through the road of a Neo-Realism or modern social realistic painting in Mexico / Por la Via de una Pintura Neorrealista o Realista Social Moderna en Mexico / Sur la Route d'une Peinture Neo-Realiste ou Realiste Social Moderne au Mexique 215 Reproductions/Reproducciones.

      Mexico: Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes. INSCRIBED by David Alfaro Siqueiros. Extensive dedication by Siqueiros to the photographer Bernard Myers (author of: Bernard S. Myers, Mexican Painting in Our Time (1956). Original cloth with only like dustjacket. Some major repairs to dustjacket. . Mexico, Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes, 1951. Square-Folio. 240 images. Original Hardcover with illustrated dustjacket. INSCRIBED by David Alfaro Siqueiros. Extensive dedication by Siqueiros to the photographer Bernard Myers (author of: Bernard S. Myers, Mexican Painting in Our Time (1956). Original cloth with only like dustjacket. Some major repairs to dustjacket. José David Alfaro Siqueiros (December 29, 1896 in Camargo, Chihuahua, Mexico - January 6, 1974 in Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico) was a social realist painter (muralist), and also a Stalinist, known for large murals in fresco that established the Mexican Mural Renaissance together with work by Diego Rivera, Orozco, and others. His notable projects include his collaborative mural at the Mexican Electricians' Union (1939-1940), From Porfiriato to the Revolution at the Museum of National History (1957-55), March of Humanity and the Polyforum Cultural Siqueiros on Avenida Insurgentes (1965-1971), and his role in procuring mural commissions for artists on the University City campus of the National Autonomous University of Mexico in 1950s Mexico City. Siqueiros was one of "the big three" Mexican muralists, led by Diego Rivera and José Clemente Orozco. His art directly reflected the time period in which he flourished as an artist. His art was deeply rooted in the Spanish Civil War and the Mexican Revolution, a violent and chaotic period in Mexican history in which various social and political factions fought for recognition and power. The period from the 1920s to the 1950s is known as the Mexican Mural Renaissance, (see also Mexican Muralism) and Siqueiros was active in the attempt to create an art that was at once Mexican and universal. From 1919 to 1922 he traveled to Belgium, France, Italy, and Spain to study art. Throughout his career he traveled internationally, promoting his version of muralism in the United States, South America (including Uruguay, Argentina and Chile), Cuba, Europe, and the Soviet Union. In 1966 he was awarded the Lenin Peace Prize. Political activism was an important piece of Siqueiros' life. A self-proclaimed Marxist, he was at times both the favorite and the enemy of the Mexican Communist Party. He was exiled twice from Mexico, once in 1932 and again in 1940, following his assassination attempt on Leon Trotsky. (Wikipedia)

      [Bookseller: The Time Traveller's Bookshop]
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        Birds of New Guinea.

      . 2 vols. Melbourne 1956. Med 35 farve-tavler. xv + 230 + xv + 261 s. Orig. halvlaeder. With 35 colourplates. Publisher's halfleather..

      [Bookseller: Peter Grosell, Antiquarian Bookseller]
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        The Hobbit, or There and Back Again, 1956 8th Impression in Dustjacket

      Allen & Unwin, London 1956 - 12mo - over 6¾" - 7¾" tall. The Hobbit, or There and Back Again, by J.R.R. Tolkien. Published by Allen & Unwin in 1956, this is the eighth impression in its matching eighth impression dustjacket. The book is in Near Fine condition, with a little light fading to the spine from sunlight shining thru the white sections of the dustjacket. The dustjacket is lightly soiled and shows some loss to the spine ends, mainly the top. A bit of rubbing and loss to the flap fold corners, only minor rubbing to the edges, other than the upper spine area. No previous owners names or other writing to be found. No foxing marks or offsetting noted. The boards are the original green cloth with dark blue stamping of Tolkien's own Mountains and Dragon design, with one slightly bumped corner. The title verso has the full printing history up to this eighth impression of 1956. The original dustjacket is correctly marked the 8th impression. The dustjacket is price clipped and in Very Good condition. The edges of the text block are clean and unfoxed, with the top edge faded but still showing a slight tint from the original green topstain. A custom slipcase will be provided to protect and show this beautiful copy of an early printing of this much sought after children's classic. Other Tolkien books available, include both the UK and US editions, original cloth bindings, custom fine bindings, and Signed/Numbered/Limited Editions. Near Fine / Very Good. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: The Tolkien Bookshelf]
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        Walt Disney's African Lion

      New York: Simon and Schuster, in collaboration with Marc Barraud - Geneva. Near Fine. [1956]. First Edition. Hardcover. NOISBN . (laminated pictorial boards; no dust jacket) [a very nice copy, the covers a little bit rubbed and with one tiny surface nick to the front cover and a short scrape to the rear cover, in both instances exposing a little bit of white beneath the otherwise black surface; there is also a neatly-inked gift inscription (dated April 1957) on the ffep]. (color photographs) Beautifully-produced companion volume to the 1955 Disney "True-Life Adventure Film" THE AFRICAN LION. Per the statement on the copyright page, the book was "designed by Armand A. Bigle and produced by Marc Barraud from the original French language edition 'Walt Disney Lions d'Afrique' [published in 1955]," and was printed in Switzerland. The text, in this edition at least, was credited to James Algar, who began at the Disney studio as an animator in 1934, but after the war was made principal director (and later producer) of the studio's "True-Life Adventure" series of nature documentaries, which were produced between 1948 and 1960. The highlight of the book, though, are the color photographs of African wildlife (not just lions!) by Alfred and Elma [typo'd as "Emma" in the book's introduction, over Walt Disney's signature] Milette, which are tipped onto the pages throughout. (The volume has been carefully checked, and all photos are present and attached; mostly they are 7" x 3-1/2" or 3-1/2" x 3-1/2", although there are seven full-page (7" x 7-1/2") prints.) The Milottes, independent filmmakers before going under contract to Disney in the late 1940s, received cinematography credit on the earlier True-Life Adventure films (which until 1953 were all short subjects) and also on THE AFRICAN LION itself; the series earned a total of eight Academy Awards for the Disney studio, although this particular film wasn't nominated. I can't quite account for the scarcity of nice examples (or any examples) of this book in the current marketplace, but I suspect it may be due to many copies having been either sold to libraries, or placed in the hands of children -- both environments which would have been highly detrimental to the survival of the tipped-on photos. .

      [Bookseller: ReadInk]
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        Autograph Note, signed ("Tennessee Williams") and dated May, 1936, to Alfred Eisenstaedt: "To Alfred Eisendaedt, My thanks & good wishes " Same leaf also signed with Autograph Notes by Jacques Barzun and Walter Lippman, each with brief inscriptions

      n.p., 1956. 8vo (8-3/4 x 6-1/4 in.). Single leaf from Eisenstaedt's notebook, on recto only. Fine

      [Bookseller: James Cummins Bookseller]
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        The Floggits: Trial script

      Np [BBC], London 1956 - 40 mimeographed pp., secured with split pin to top left. A little edgeworn and dusty, last page detached, but a well preserved copy. First edition. TRIAL SCRIPT FOR THE SHOW WHICH BECAME FLOGGITS, STARRING ELSIE AND DORIS WATERS. NO RECORDING OF THIS EPISODE EXISTS. DATED 29 MAY 1956 -- THREE MONTHS BEFORE EPISODE 1 WAS RECORDED. Floggit's, starring Elsie and Doris Waters, ran for three series on BBC Radio between 1956 and 1959, and among the regular cast were Anthony Newley, Joan Sims, Ron Moody -- and Ronnie Barker, whose radio debut this was. Transplanting their Workers' Playtime characters to a family-run general store, this unexceptional and now very dated show had a stellar writing team: while providing scripts for this middle-of-the-road radio comedy, Freeman, Junkin and Nation were also working on Idiot's Weekly Price 2d, the first attempt to present Goon Show humour to a television audience. The script offered here is an unmarked trial script for the series, pre-dating the show itself by three months. It is unknown whether it was ever recorded or transmitted.

      [Bookseller: Neil Pearson Rare Books]
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        My Family and other Animals IN FULL MOROCCO

      Hart-Davis, 1956. 8vo., First Edition; handsomely bound in dark red full morocco, sides with gilt frame border, back with five raised bands ruled in gilt, second and fourth compartments lettered in gilt, all other compartments tooled in gilt, green top, a most attractive copy ideal as a gift or for presentation. Undoubtedly the author's most sought-after work, Durrell's unsurpassed first volume of autobiography is a twentieth century classic. . Catalogs: modern firsts.

      [Bookseller: Island Books [formerly of Devon]]
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        AUNT DICY TALES: SNUFF-DIPPING TALES OF THE TEXAS NEGRO

      Privately printed for J. Mason Brewer, 1956., 1956. First edition. 8vo. Limited to 400 copies of which this is # 39 and signed by J. Mason Brewer. This copy is also given as a gift by the then Governor of Texas, Allan Shivers with his gift card laid-in and his inked presentation inscription on the title page, "To Paul & Lois with high esteem. Allan Shivers." Original green, gold gilt stamped, padded leatherette, beautiful black & white front and rear endpaper art, xi [1], 80 [1] pp., frontispiece on brown enamel stock, illustrated by John Biggers with thirteen full-page plates, introduction by Roy Bedichek, honor roll of pre-subscribers. Biographies of the author and artist. A little known, rare and much sought Black Texan folklore and art book. The illustrations by John T. Biggers are from the original paintings made for this book. This early production combines the talent of three prominent Texans, artwork by John T. Biggers, the introduction by Roy Bedichek, and J. Mason Brewer's background and talent for African American folklore and history. Fine, clean, square copy.

      [Bookseller: BUCKINGHAM BOOKS]
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        A klasszikus harmóniarend. Összhangzattani példák a barokk és a bécsi klasszikus zeneirodalomból. I. Hármas- és négyeshangzatok (II. Alteráció és figuráció.) [The System of Classical Harmony. Collection of Examples of the Baroque- and the First Viennese School-Harmony. I. Triads and Tetrads. (II. Alteration and Figuration.)]

      Zenem?kiadó Vállalat, Budapest 1956 - Only edition. Printed in only 2100 copies. Tanning due to ageing. In original paper. In two volumes. 61, (3); 78, (2) p. Ligeti's theoretical writings are important to understand his thoughts about composition, and also to interpret his pieces. As in the 1950s he was not allowed to publish any theoretical books, his first work a reference book, "Klasszikus összhangzattan" (Classical Harmony, 1954) and this two volume supplement book of examples are rather important to trace his ideas of composing. For instance the last example that Ligeti uses in the reference book, that appears also as the last example in the second volume of this work (the detail of the first movement of the coda of Beethoven's Les Adieux sonata - Piano Sonata No. 26., Op. 81a), is the same melody that appears 30 years later in Ligeti's work Trio for Horn, Violin and Piano (Hommage à Brahms) in 1982. György Ligeti (1923-2006) was a Hungarian (Transylvanian) born composer. Studied at the Music Academy of Cluj and Budapest. After his graduation he started to collect folk music in Romania and taught composing and counterpointing at the Liszt Academy of Music in Budapest. He left Hungary after the revolution in 1956, and started to work at the radio station in Cologne where he made acquaintance with Karlheinz Stockhausen who had a major influence on his art. In 1959 settled down in Vienna and became citizen in 1967. Taught at the Universities of Darmstadt, Stockholm, Stanford and Hamburg. Under the influence of Stockhausen he started to compose music for electronic instruments like Artikulation and Atmosphères. This gave him reputation in the Western European music scene. After these works he gave up composing electronic music but his experiences with such instruments made and effect on his later compositions. His music could be characterised as a mixture of Western avant-garde music and Hungarian folk music combined with sense of humour and absurd. Ligeti's pieces (Lontano, Lux Aeterna, Requiem) were used as film music - among others - in Stanley Kubrick's 2001: A Space Odyssey, The Shining and Eyes Wide Shut also in Martin Scorsese's Shutter Island. Doodle in ink to inside of front wrapper by former owner. Otherwise in fine condition. In original paper. In two volumes Only edition. Printed in only 2100 copies. Tanning due to ageing [Attributes: First Edition]

      [Bookseller: Földvári Books]
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        Virginia Woolf and Lytton Strachey: Letters

      London: The Hogarth Press / Chatto and Windus, 1956 Edited and introduced by Leonard Woolf and James Strachey. First edition. One of 4,000 copies. Personal copy of author's sister Vanessa Bell, with her ownership inscription "Vanessa Bell / 1956" in blue ink to the front free endpaper, and with the front panel of the dust jacket designed by Bell adhered to the front pastedown. Publisher's pale tan cloth boards, lettered in gilt; cream dust jacket with portrait silhouettes of Lytton Strachey and Virginia Woolf printed in black and tan. Near fine, with a hint of wear to the extremities, very slight lean, unfaded spine, gilt lightly dimmed, a few scattered spots to cloth, otherwise clean covers, bright and fresh interior. Housed in a custom quarter-leather clamshell box. Kirkpatrick A32a. Virginia Woolf and Lytton Strachey: Letters is a selection of letters between Virginia Woolf and Lytton Strachey, two eminent English writers who were both key members of the influential Bloomsbury Group during the first half of the 20th century. Although they had met in their youth, it was not until they were both living in London, writing essays for The Times Literary Supplement and The Spectator, and collaborating with other Bloomsbury members that Woolf and Strachey became intimate friends. The pair quickly made up for lost time, however, and frequently wrote letters to each other up until Strachey's death in 1932. According to Leonard Woolf, Virginia's husband, and James Strachey, Lytton's brother, who edited this volume, "it has been our policy to include.practically all the letters which they wrote to each other" and "to include every letter as completely as possible." This text offers an exciting glimpse into the personal relationship shared by two influential authors and esteemed letter writers. It is an excellent piece of Bloomsbury memorabilia, strengthened by the editing of Leonard Woolf and provenance of Vanessa Bell, both of whom were also members of this creative and groundbreaking group. Lytton Strachey (1880-1932) was a founding member of the Bloomsbury Group, having met Leonard Woolf, Clive Bell, and Thoby and Adrian Stephen at Cambridge University. An accomplished writer, he is best known for his biographies Eminent Victorians (1918) and Queen Victoria (1921). Lytton was close with both Virginia and Vanessa, and his extraordinary wit and humor contributed to the air of freedom that permeated Bloomsbury: "Only those just getting to know him well in those days when complete freedom of mind and expression were almost unknown…can understand what an exciting world of explorations of thought and feeling he seemed to reveal. His great honesty of mind and remorseless poking fun at any sham forced others to be honest too and showed a world in which one need no longer be afraid of saying what one thought, surely the first step to anything that would be of interest and value." [Vanessa Bell, Memoir IV].. Illus. by Bell, Vanessa. 1st Edition. Hard Cover. Near Fine.

      [Bookseller: B & B Rare Books, Ltd., ABAA]
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        O kulcie jednostki i jego nastepstwach. Referat I Sekretarza KC KPZR tow. N.S. Chruszczowa na XX Zjezdzie Komunistycznej Partii Zwiazku Radzieckiego 25 lutego 1956 r. [i.e. On the Cult of Personality and Its Consequences. Keynote address by First Secretary of the CC of the CPSU tov. N. S. Khrushchev at the 20th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union].

      Warsaw, March (27th) 1956. 8vo. Original printed wrappers. With "Wylacznie do uzytku organizacji partyjnych" ("Exclusively for inner-party use") printed to top of front wrapper. Stamped serial number to front wrapper: 2992. A bit of spotting and soiling to wrappers. A bit of chipping to corners and a few tears. Chipped at spine. Front wrapper with faint pencil traces. All in all a nice copy, internally fine and clean. 72 pp.. Extremely rare first printing, printed for private circulation only ("exclusively for inner-party use"), of one of the most important documents of the 20th century, namely Khrushchev's so-called "Secret Speech", also known as the "Khrushchev Report". This seminal speech was delivered at an unpublicized closed session of Communist Party delegates, with guests and members of the press excluded, and the present Polish version of it was the only one that circulated during the Cold War, the official Russian text being unknown until its 1989 publication. The CIA counterfeit edition [falsely stating Moscow 1959] was in fact a translation into Russian from the present Polish text, which was smuggled out of Moscow and leaked, via Israel, to the USA. There are two impressions of the first edition of Khrushchev's speech, both bearing the date March 1956 and both ordered by the Polish communist party authorities in the span of March 27 - March 31. The present is the first. The present publication shook the Western world and changed our history for good. "Its consequences, by no means fully foreseen by Khrushchev, shook the Soviet Union to the core, but even more so its communist allies, notably in central Europe. Forces were unleashed that eventually changed the course of history. But at the time, the impact on the delegates was more immediate. Soviet sources now say some were so convulsed as they listened that they suffered heart attacks; others committed suicide afterwards." (John Rettie, in The Observer, Sunday 26 February 2006 ).On February 24, 1956 before assembled delegates at a secret session of the Communist Party's Twentieth Congress, Nikita Khrushchev delivered his so-called "Secret Speech", denouncing Stalin for his transgressions. The public session of the 20th Congress had come to a formal end on 24 February 1956 when word was spread to delegates to return to the Great Hall of the Kremlin for an additional "closed session," to which journalists, guests, and delegates from "fraternal parties" from outside the USSR were not invited. Special passes were issued to those eligible to participate, with an additional 100 former Party members, recently released from the Soviet prison camp network. The speech was thus secretly held in this closed session, without discussion, and it was neither published as part of the congress' proceedings nor reported in the Soviet press. The speech that sent shock waves through the congress participants denounced Stalin, describing him as satanic despot and terrorist who had committed the greatest of crimes. Quoting from correspondence, memoranda and his own observations, Khrushchev gave details of Stalin's horrible actions during the Terror of the late 1930'ies, the unpreparedness of the country at the time of the Nazi invasion in June 1941, numerous wartime blunders, the deportation of various nationalities in 1943 and 1944, and the banishing of Tito's Yugoslavia from the Soviet bloc after the war. Absolving the party itself of these grave actions, Khrushchev attributed them to the "cult of personality" that Stalin encouraged and his "violations of socialist legality". According to Khrushchev's speech, Stalin was a tyrant, a murderer and torturer of party members.Khrushchev gave his grim tale of the obscene crimes committed by his predecessor, Josef Stalin, only three years after the death of Stalin, who was then celebrated as a great leader and whose death was mourned by the great majority of Soviet citizens, who saw him as a divine father. It is no wonder that this lengthy speech from their new leader completely shocked Soviet communists, being told so soon after his death that far from far from being divine, their hero Stalin was actually outright satanic. The leaders who inherited the party from the old dictator had agreed - after months of furious argument - that Khrushchev should make the speech, but on the condition that it should never be published.Khrushchev read from a prepared report and no stenographic record of the closed session was kept. No questions or debate followed Khrushchev's presentation, and it is reported that delegates left the hall in a state of complete disorientation. It is even said that several delegates suffered heart attacks and that some even committed suicide upon listening to the horrifying speech. On the evening of the congress, delegates of foreign Communist parties were called to the Kremlin and given the opportunity to read the prepared text of the Khrushchev speech, which was treated as a top secret state document. Reports of the speech soon reached the West and as early as March the contents were reported in Western media. "The content of the speech reached the west through a circuitous route. A few copies of the speech were sent by order of the Soviet Politburo to leaders of the Eastern Bloc countries. Shortly after the speech had been disseminated, a Polish journalist, Viktor Grayevsky, visited his girlfriend, Lucia Baranowski, who worked as a junior secretary in the office of the first secretary of the Polish Communist Party, Edward Ochab. On her desk was a thick booklet with a red binding, with the words: "The 20th Party Congress, the speech of Comrade Khrushchev." Grayevsky had heard rumors of the speech and, as a journalist, was interested in reading it. Baranowski allowed him to take the document home to read.As it happened, Grayevsky, who was Jewish, and had made a recent trip to Israel to visit his sick father, decided to emigrate there. After he read the speech, he decided to take it to the Israeli Embassy and gave it to Yaakov Barmor who had helped Grayevsky make his trip to visit Grayevsky's sick father. Barmor was a Shin Bet representative; he photographed the document and sent the photographs to Israel. By the afternoon of April 13, 1956, the Shin Bet in Israel received the photographs. Israeli intelligence and United States intelligence had previously secretly agreed to cooperate on security matters. James Jesus Angleton was the Central Intelligence Agency's (CIA) head of counterintelligence and in charge of the clandestine liaison with Israeli intelligence. The photographs were delivered to him. On April 17, 1956, the photographs reached the CIA chief Allen Dulles, who quickly informed U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower. After determining that the speech was authentic, the CIA leaked the speech to The New York Times in early June.""In the West, the impact of the speech received a colossal boost from the publication of the full, albeit sanitised, text in The Observer and the New York Times. This was the first time the full text had been available for public scrutiny anywhere in the world. Even local party secretaries who read it to members had to return their texts within 36 hours. (Those texts were also sanitised, omitting two incidents in the speech that Orlov related to me.)According to William Taubman, in his masterly biography of Khrushchev, the full text leaked out through Poland where, like other central European communist allies, Moscow had sent an edited copy for distribution to the Polish party." (John Rettie, in The Observer, Sunday 26 February 2006).The speech sent shock waves throughout the Communist world and caused many Western Communists to abandon the movement. In central Europe, the impact of the speech was enormous. By autumn Poland was ready to explode and in Hungary an anti-communist revolution overthrew the Stalinist party and government, replacing them with the short-lived reformist Imre Nagy."Some may doubt that Stalin's Soviet Union could ever have been reformed, but Khrushchev was not among them - and neither, indeed, was Gorbachev. But after two decades of decay under Brezhnev, even he could not hold the country together. It can well be argued that the 'secret speech' was the century's most momentous, planting the seed that eventually caused the demise of the USSR." (John Rettie, in The Observer, Sunday 26 February 2006).It is the present version of the seminal text that leaked behind the Iron Curtain. Allegedly the CIA offered USD 1.000.000 for a copy, before they came into possession of the text through other channels. Khrushchev himself stated: "It was supposed to have been secret, but in fact it was far from being secret.. our document fell into the hands of some Polish comrades who were hostile towards the Soviet Union. They used my speech for their own purposes and made copies of it. I was told that it was being sold for very little."Almost all the copies of this extremely scarce publication - which were all numbered and strictly registered - were withdrawn and destroyed after 11 April 1956. We have been able to locate no copies outside of Poland and can find no copies registered in OCLC

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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