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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1950

         “Five years ago, after the bloodshed and destruction of World War II, many of us hoped that all nations would work together to make sure that war could never happen again … The invasion of Korea has shown that there are some who will resort to outright war, contrary to the principles of the charter, if it suits their ends … The only course the peace-loving nations can take in the present situation is to create the armaments needed to make the world secure against aggression. That is the course to which the United States is now firmly committed…”

      Printed Speech, in booklet form, Signed “To Bill Hassett with / appreciation / Harry S. Truman” on the cover as President, 12 pages, 3.75” x 8.5”. Address titled “A New Page in History,” delivered by the President before the United Nations General Assembly, Flushing Meadow, New York, October 24, 1950. Inscribed to his White House Correspondence Secretary, William D. Hassett. Rusted at the two staples binding the booklet. Fine condition. At 11:30 AM, October 24, 1950, President Truman addressed the General Assembly of the United Nations at Lake Success, Flushing Meadow, New York. His address, in booklet form, was printed by the U.S. Government Printing Office later in 1950. Truman spoke on the fifth anniversary of the ratification of the Charter of the United Nations which brought the international body officially into existence. In part, “Five years ago today the Charter of the United Nations came into force. By virtue of that event, October 24, 1945, became a great day in the history of the world. Long before that day, the idea of an association of nations to keep the peace had lived as a dream in the hearts and minds of men. Woodrow Wilson was the author of that idea in our time. The organization that was brought into being on October 24, 1945, represents our greatest advance toward making that dream a reality… “Governments may sometimes falter in their support of the United Nations, but the peoples of the world do not falter. The demand of men and women throughout the world for international order and justice is one of the strongest forces in these troubled times … We have just had a vivid demonstration of that fact in Korea. The invasion of the Republic of Korea was a direct challenge to the principles of the United Nations. That challenge was met by an overwhelming response. The people of almost every member country supported the decision of the Security Council to meet this aggression with force. Few acts in our time have met with such widespread approval. “In uniting to crush the aggressors in Korea, these member nations have done no more than the charter calls for. But the important thing is that they have done it, and they have done it successfully. They have given dramatic evidence that the charter works. They have proved that the charter is a living instrument backed by the material and moral strength of members, large and small. The men who laid down their lives for the United Nations in Korea will have a place in our memory, and in the memory of the world, forever. They died in order that the United Nations might live. As a result of their sacrifices, the United Nations today is stronger than it ever has been. Today, it is better able than ever before to fulfill the hopes that men have placed in it… “The skills and experience of the United Nations in this field will be put to the test now that the fighting in Korea is nearly ended. The reconstruction of Korea as a free, united, and self-supporting nation is an opportunity to show how international cooperation can lead to gains in human freedom and welfare. The work of the United Nations for human advancement, important as it is, can be fully effective only if we can achieve the other great objective of the United Nations, a just and lasting peace. At the present time, the fear of another great international war overshadows all the hopes of mankind. This fear arises from the tensions between nations and from the recent outbreak of open aggression in Korea. We in the United States believe that such a war can be prevented. We do not believe that war is inevitable. One of the strongest reasons for this belief is our faith in the United Nations… “Five years ago, after the bloodshed and destruction of World War II, many of us hoped that all nations would work together to make sure that war could never happen again. We hoped that international cooperation, supported by the strength and moral authority of the United Nations, would be sufficient to prevent aggression. But this was not to be the case, I am sorry to say. Although many countries promptly disbanded their wartime armies, other countries continued to maintain forces so large that they posed a constant threat of aggression. And this year, the invasion of Korea has shown that there are some who will resort to outright war, contrary to the principles of the charter, if it suits their ends. “In these circumstances, the United Nations, if it is to be an effective instrument for keeping the peace, has no choice except to use the collective strength of its members to curb aggression. To do so, the United Nations must be prepared to use force. The United Nations did use force to curb aggression in Korea, and by so doing has greatly strengthened the cause of peace… “Disarmament is the course which the United States would prefer to take. It is the course which most nations would like to adopt. It is the course which the United Nations from its earliest beginnings has been seeking to follow … The will of the world for peace is too strong to allow us to give up in this effort. We cannot permit the history of our times to record that we failed by default… But until an effective system of disarmament is established, let us be clear about the task ahead. The only course the peace-loving nations can take in the present situation is to create the armaments needed to make the world secure against aggression. That is the course to which the United States is now firmly committed. That is the course we will continue to follow as long as it is necessary… “If real disarmament were achieved, the nations of the world, acting through the United Nations, could join in a greatly enlarged program of mutual aid. As the cost of maintaining armaments decreased, every nation could greatly increase its contributions to advancing human welfare. All of us could then pool even greater resources to support the United Nations in its war against want. In this way, our armaments would be transformed into foods, medicine, tools for use in underdeveloped areas, and into other aids for human advancement. The latest discoveries of science could be made available to men all over the globe. Thus, we could give real meaning to the old promise that swords shall be beaten into plowshares, and that nations shall not learn war any more. “Then, man can turn his great inventiveness, his tremendous energies, and the resources with which he has been blessed, to creative efforts. Then we shall be able to realize the kind of world which has been the vision of man for centuries. This is the goal which we must keep before us--and the vision in which we must never lose faith.”

      [Bookseller: University Archives ]
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        Atomic Theory of Liquid Helium Near Absolute ZeroLancaster: American Physical Society, 1953-54. First edition.

      Offprint of one of his major papers. Feynman offprints are very rarely seen on the market. This one derives from the estate of an officer of the Press Office of the Physics Department at Caltech. OCLC lists no copies of this separate printing.<br/><br/> During the early 1950's Feynman became "especially interested in liquid helium. At ordinary temperatures and pressures, helium exists as a gas; but at extremely low temperatures (a few degrees above absolute zero), helium becomes a liquid-indeed, a liquid with strange properties. Liquid helium displays superfluidity, that is, it flows with no viscosity or friction at all (unlike ordinary liquids). The phenomenon had been discovered experimentally during the 1930s, and the great Russian theorist Lev Landau had provided a successful phenomenological description during the 1940s." (DSB). <br/><br/> Successful as Landau's theory was, it lacked an atomistic foundation. Then, in the spring of 1953, "Richard Feynman entered the scene. He set himself the task of providing a theoretical understanding of the problem of liquid helium on an atomic basis, which could only be done if one approached the problem from first principles. (Mehra & Rechenberg). "Feynman brought his newest tools to bear on the problem-path integrals and Feynman diagrams-to explain superfluidity on a rigorously quantum-mechanical basis. In addition to the particle-like quantum excitations that had been studied, Feynman realized that a new quantum effect also played a role: the formation of quantum vortices. Once again his intuitive, pictorial approach proved successful." (DSB). <br/><br/> "While he greatly admired Landau's contributions to and successes in the field, Feynman pointed out several weaknesses in Landau's theory. Notably, Landau's quantum hydrodynamical approach treated Helium II as a continuous medium, which right from the beginning sacrificed the atomic structure of the liquid and thus forestalled the possibility of calculating the various characteristics of the system, such as the various parameters, on an atomic basis. In his first paper on the 'Atomic theory of the lambda-transition in helium', he showed 'from first principles that, in spite of the large interatomic forces, liquid He4 should exhibit a transition analogous to the transition in an ideal gas' (p. 1291). By writing 'the exact partition function as an integral over trajectories, using the space-time approach to quantum mechanics', Feynman could indeed derive a Landau-type energy spectrum [in the present paper] and further demonstrate phonon-like excitations evolve into roton-like ones at large momenta [in 'Atomic theory of the two fluid model of liquid helium']" (Mehra & Rechenberg, The Historical Development of Quantum Theory, Vol. 6, Part 2, p. 1160). <br/><br/> Offered with: "Atomic theory of the lambda-transition in helium", pp. 1291-1301 in Physical Review, Vol. 91, No. 2, and "Atomic theory of the two fluid model of liquid helium", pp. 262-277 in Physical Review, Vol. 94, No. 2 (two complete journal issues in original printed wrappers).. Offprint from Physical Review, Vol. 91, No. 2, pp. 1301-1308. Self-wrappers, stapled as issued (punch holes in inner margin filled, not affecting text)

      [Bookseller: Sophia Rare Books]
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        Musterbuch Japan. 20.Jahrhundert. [Nachschlagewerk nach dem Hiroha-Alphabet geordnet, mit japanischen Familienwappen und Mustern.]

      213 S. Blockbuchbindung. Titelschildchen. 18,5 x 26 cm. U.a. Genjimon in Sumizurie-Optik

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Karel Marel]
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        Mémoires de chimie.[Paris: de l'imprimerie de Du Pont, 1792/1805].

      First edition of this very rare work; copy of the Lavoisier scholar and antiquarian Lucien Scheler, with prints of the two copper plates meant to illustrate the work but never issued, which Scheler and Duveen discovered and described together in the 1950's (see below), finely bound by Lobstein with a three page manuscript letter by Scheler about the work, together with the original wrappers. We know of just one other copy accompanied by these two plates (Haskell F. Norman). <br/><br/> "As early as 1792 Lavoisier had decided to prepare a complete edition of his memoirs which was to fill eight volumes and also contain some account of the work of those who had given support to his <i>antiphlogistic</i> theory. This project was interrupted and stopped by his imprisonment and eventual execution [in 1794]. It was an undertaking that was evidently dear to him, and which he attempted to continue while in prison, but all that he finally left behind him was the greater part of volume on, the whole of volume two, and a small part of volume four." (Duveen & Klickstein)<br/><br/> "The unpublished sheets remained with Mme. Lavoisier, who published the <i>Mémoires</i> in 1805 with a brief introduction of her own. These volumes have only half titles to designate them, with no indication of publisher, place, or date. Never offered for sale, the <i>Mémoires</i> were presented by Mme. Lavoisier to Lavoisier's former friends and a selected number of institutions. Consequently, the book is of great rarity." (Neville).<br/><br/> "The collection contains thirty-nine memoirs, twenty-nine by Lavoisier, of which twelve appear here for the first time; the remaining memoirs are by Séguin, Meusnier, Brisson, Vauquelin, Macquart and Fourcroy. The fifth memoir in Vol. II conatins Lavoisier's claim to the discovery of the theory of oxidation" (Norman). The contents of this importnat and final work by Lavoisier are discussed in detail by Duveen and Klickstein.<br/><br/> Norman 1297; Duveen & Klickstein 186-200; Neville p.17; Partington III:372; Thornton & Tully 168. <br/><br/> Provenance: This copy belonged to the Lavoisier scholar and famous antiquarian Lucien Scheler (1902-1999), and is accompanied by a three page letter by him about the work and the two plates bound in with this copy. There are references to illustrations in the <i>Mémoires</i> but no plates were accompanied with the work when Mme. Lavoisier distributed copies. In 1950 two copper plates were discovered in the addict of Mme P. de Chazelles. Scheler had prints taken of these plates and together with Denis Duveen he published an article describing these hitherto unknown illustrations for the <i>Mémoires</i> [Duveen & Scheler: Des illustrations inédites pour les Mémoires de Chimie, ouvrage posthume de Lavoisier. In: Revue d'histoire des sciences et de leurs applications. 1959, Tome 12 n°4. pp. 345-353]. The original copper plates are now, together with 108 prints, at the Lavoisier Archive in Cornell University. It was probably the intention of Duveen and Scheler that these prints were to be distributed out to institutions and other owners of the <i>Mémoires</i> but it seems that only very few received these prints. Haskell F. Norman acquired his copy of the <i>Mémoires</i> from Emil Offenbacher but often dealt with Scheler and thus probably received a set of the prints from him. We have been unable to find copies, besides the Norman copy and the present, having the plates.. 8vo (208 x 128 mm), three volumes bound in two fine half calf bindings with vellum corners by Alain Lobstein, preserving all the original wrappers and spine strips, pp [4] [1] 2-416; [4] [1] 2-413 [1]; [1] 2-64, and two folding engraved plates bound in at the end of the second volume, Scheler letter bound in at the beginning of first volume. A very fine and clean copy. A copy of the Duveen & Scheler article describing and depicting the plates accompanies the set

      [Bookseller: Sophia Rare Books]
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        Pasiphaë. A Poem by...

      (London: Golden Cockerel Press 1950).. Limited edition, no. 81 of 100 specially bound copies with an extra engraving, from a total edition of 500, 8vo, 40 pp. 7 copper engravings by John Buckland-Wright. Original purple vellum by Sangorski and Sutcliffe, gilt spine title and vignette to upper cover, some light rubbing, spine sunned, t.e.g. "Correctly printed for the first time" from the manuscript. Cock-a-Hoop 185.

      [Bookseller: Bow Windows Bookshop, ABA, ILAB]
 5.   Check availability:     UKBookworld     Link/Print  


        THE MAN WHO SOLD THE MOON

      Chicago: Shasta Publishers Chicago: Shasta Publishers,. [1950]. cloth-backed boards.. A near fine copy in very good dust jacket with rubbing along folds. and shelf wear with some mild chipping to spine ends. (#127904). First edition. One of an undetermined number of subscriber's copies with blank leaf signed by Heinlein inserted between the front free endpaper and half title leaf. A collection of short stories which is the first volume in Heinlein's "future history" series. Anatomy of Wonder (2004) II-514. See Survey of Science Fiction Literature IV, pp. 1645-54.

      [Bookseller: L. W. Currey, Inc. ]
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