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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1935

        Die gegenwärtige Situation in der Quantenmechanik.Berlin: Julius Springer, 1935. First edition.

      Schrödinger's paper contains the famous thought experiment now known as 'Schrödinger's Cat,' illustrating a fundamental problem in the 'Copenhagen interpretation' of quantum mechanics put forth by Niels Bohr and Werner Heisenberg. In this interpretation, a quantum superposition - the combination of all possible states of a system, such as the possible positions of a subatomic particle - collapses into a definite state only at the exact moment of quantum measurement; prior to measurement, all states exist within a certain range of probability. Einstein had published a rebuttal to the Copenhagen interpretation in his famous 'EPR' paper of 1935, in which he argued that the quantum-mechanical description of physical reality, as it stood, was incomplete. Inspired by Einstein's line of reasoning, Schrödinger continued the discussion in his 'Die gegenwärtige Situation in der Quantenmechanik,' pointing out the absurdity of applying quantum mechanics to visible and tangible objects. In the fifth section of his paper (p. 812), he set forth the 'quite burlesque' case of a cat<br/><br/> <i>'penned up in a steel chamber, along with the following diabolical apparatus (which must be secured against direct interference by the cat): in a Geiger counter there is a tiny bit of radioactive substance, so small, that perhaps in the course of the hour one of the atoms decays, but also, with equal probability, perhaps none; if it happens, the counter tube discharges and through a relay releases a hammer which shatters a small flask of hydrocyanic acid. If one has left this entire system to itself for an hour, one would say that the cat still lives if meanwhile no atom has decayed. The psi-function of the entire system would express this by having in it the living and dead cat (pardon the expression) mixed or smeared out in equal parts.'</i><br/><br/> "It is typical of these cases that an indeterminacy originally restricted to the atomic domain becomes transformed into macroscopic indeterminacy, which can then be resolved by direct observation. That prevents us from so naively accepting as valid a 'blurred model' for representing reality. In itself it would not embody anything unclear or contradictory. There is a difference between a shaky or out-of-focus photograph and a snapshot of clouds and fog banks" (Schrödinger, <i>The present situation in quantum mechanics</i>, translated by John D. Trimmer, Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, vol. 124, pp. 323-38). <br/><br/> This conclusion sets forth what has been called the principle of state distinction: "states of a macroscopic system which could be told apart by a macroscopic observation are distinct from each other whether observed or not" (Moore, p. 308). Schrödinger's paper represents "his definitive statement about the theory that he and Heisenberg had discovered" (Moore, p. 307). Moore, <i>Schrödinger: Life and Thought</i>, pp. 306-9. <br/><br/>. In: 'Die Naturwissenschaften', large 8vo (263 x 190 mm), 23. jahrgang, heft 48 (pp. 807-12); heft 49 (pp. 823-28); heft 50 (pp. 844-49), the entire volume (pp. xx, 870) offered here in the original publisher's black half leather and grey cloth boards with gilt Springer mongram to spine. Library stamp to main title, otherwise fine and clean

      [Bookseller: Sophia Rare Books]
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        Odd John. A Story Between Jest and Earnest.

      London; Methuen & Co., 1935. First edition, first impression, first issue. 19x13,5 cm. (5, 1 blank), 282 pp. + 8 pages of ads. (dated 535 on p. 8 = May 1935). Publisher's blue cloth with pictorial dustjacket. The jacket is slightly chipped at spine ends and upper corners, and is also a bit rubbed at spine. There is a short tear at bottom of rear panel. Apart from a small speck in top margin of pp. 1/2, the contents are perfectly clean and bright. With the owner's signature in pencil of Swedish physicist and author John Tandberg. In Odd John, Stapledon explores the themes of Übermensch and Utopia, through the boy John Wainwright, who is born with extraordinary mental powers. Published in 3096 copies. Satty & Smith A6.1.1.1

      [Bookseller: Patrik Andersson Antikvariat]
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        Typed and signed letter sent to the editors of Bonniers Literary Magazine (Bonniers litterära magasin).

      Baden, 1935. Undated, but the author states that he is temporarily staying at the Hotel Verenahof in Baden, Switzerland, and will be back in Montagnola on the 12th of December. [27,5x18,5 cm]. 1 page. Envelope with typed address, postmarked in Zürich December 4, 1935. With a few manual corrections by the author. Well preserved. From the library of Georg Svensson, who was editor-in-chief of the magazine from 1932-49. Hesse was hired in March 1935 to write about the German literature on a regular basis. The collaboration was, however, short lived; Hesse's last contribution was published in the September issue of 1936. In this letter he explains why he wishes to resign from his post, and he refers to an article by Will Vesper - who was the German correspondent for the magazine before Hesse - in ''Die neue Literatur'', in which he is accused of treason for having written in a positive way on emigrants, communists and Jews. Hesse also states that he is accused by the emigrants for being secretly connected with the Third Reich, and that the accusations from both sides have reached a certain ferocity, and are made with such hatred, that there is no point in replying to them

      [Bookseller: Patrik Andersson Antikvariat]
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        [Paths of Glory] An Untitled Novel by Humphrey Cobb

      New York: Viking Press. 1935. First. Uncorrected proof of Paths of Glory sent to booksellers before it received a title, and offering $50 to whoever submitted the best title. Printed wrappers. A small chip to one corner of the front wrap, split at the bottom of the front wrap, else a very good or better copy of this fragile and uncommon format. One of the great antiwar novels, based on real incidents during WWI. The film rights were purchased two decades later by Kirk Douglas, who hired the relatively unknown Stanley Kubrick to direct. Starring Douglas and Adolphe Menjou and scripted by Kubrick, Jim Thompson, and Calder Willingham, the film was a technical and critical triumph and ranks with All Quiet on the Western Front as perhaps the greatest antiwar film. .

      [Bookseller: Between the Covers- Rare Books, Inc. ABA]
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        Ein achtblättriger Lotus. Gebete der Nacht. Mit einem nirvânischen Vor- und Nachgesang.

      Folio, 32 S. m. reichem Buchschmuck, handgebundener Orig.-Halbperg. m. goldgeprägten Deckel- u. Rückentitel in Orig.-Schuber. Raub A 129; Schauer II,12.- (= Opus VII der Einhorn-Presse).- Eines v. 100 (gesamt 150) numerierten u.v. Künstler monogrammierten Privatdruck-Exemplaren.- Druck in blau und schwarz auf handgeschöpftem Altbütten.- Der ursprünglich von Lechter eingetragene Besitzername hier geschwärzt, mit leichtem Abklatsch auf gegenüberliegende Seite.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Eckert & Kaun GbR]
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        Uber die Natur der Genmutation und der Genstruktur

      1935. No Dust Jacket. Timofeeff-Ressovsky, Nikolai Vladimirovich (1900-1981), K. G. Zimmer and Max Delbr¸ck (1906-81). Ueber die Natur der Genmutation und der Genstruktur. Offprint from Nachr. Ges. Wiss. Gottingen, math-fis. Kl., Fachgr. 6, 1 (1935). 8vo. [189]-245pp. Berlin: Weidmannsche Buchhandlung, 1935. 253 x 178 mm. Original green printed wrappers. Stamp on upper wrapper but fine and unopened. First Separate Edition. Garrison-Morton 254.1. One of the key conceptual papers in the early history of molecular biology. This paper represented the debut in genetics of the physicist Max Delbruck, a student and lifelong friend of Niels Bohr. Delbruck turned from quantum physics to biology after being inspired by Niels Bohr's speculations, in his 1935 lecture "Light and life," about the application of quantum mechanics to problems in biology. Delbruck won a share of the Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine in 1969 for his discoveries concerning the replication mechanism and the genetic structure of viruses. "Ueber die Natur der Genmutation und der Genstruktur" (often referred to as "the green paper" after the color of its wrappers, or the "Dreimanner" paper after the number of its authors) is divided into four sections. The first, by Timofeeff-Ressovsky, describes the mutagenic effects of x-rays and gamma rays on Drosophila melanogaster; the second part, by Zimmer, analyzes Timofeeff-Ressovsky's results theoretically. The third and most remarkable section, by Delbruck, puts forth a model of genetic mutation based on atomic physics that "shows the maturity, judgment and breadth of knowledge of someone who had been in the field for years . . . its carefully worded predictions have stood the test of time" (Perutz, p. 557). The three authors of the paper "concluded that a mutation is a molecular rearrangement within a particular molecule, and the gene a union of atoms with which a mutation, in the sense of a molecular rearrangement or dissociation of bonds, can occur. The actual calculations of the size of the gene, deduced from calculations on the assumption of a spherical target, were not cogent, as Delbruck wryly admitted in his Nobel Prize lecture, but the entire approach to the problem of mutation and the gene adopted by the three collaborators was highly stimulating to other investigators" (DSB [suppl.]). The Timofeeff-Zimmer-Delbruck paper provided much of the material for Erwin Schrodinger's book What is Life? (1944), a work that takes a "naive physicist's" approach to the problems of heredity and variation; it is often cited as having inspired Watson, Crick, Wilkins and others to focus their careers on the problems of molecular biology. The relationship between Schrodinger's book and the Timofeeff-Zimmer-Delbruck paper is examined in detail in Max Perutz's 1987 paper "Physics and the riddle of life," which points out, among other things, that the two most important chapters in Schrodinger's book were paraphrased from "Ueber die Natur der Genmutation und der Genstruktur." "In retrospect, the chief merit of What is Life? is its popularization of the Timofeeff, Zimmer and Delbruck paper that would otherwise have remained unknown outside the circles of geneticists and radiation biologists" (Perutz, p. 558). Perutz, "Physics and the riddle of life," Nature 326 (1987): 555-559.

      [Bookseller: Jeremy Norman's Historyofscience.com ]
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        Deutsches Wörterbuch. Bearbeitet von Arthur Hübner und Hans Neumann in Verbindung mit der Arbeitsstelle des Deutschen Wörterbuches. 1 A - Biermolke/ 2 Biermörder - D/ 3 E - Forsche/ 4.1.1 Forschel - Gefolgsmann/ 4.1.2 Gefoppe - Getreibs/ 4.1. 3 Getreide - Gewöhniglich/ 4.1.4 Gewöhnliches - Gleve/ 4.1.5 Glibber - Gräzist/ 4.1.6 Greander - Gymnastik/ 4.2 H, I, J/ 5.1 K - Knirren/ 5.2 Knirren - Kyrie/ 6 L, M/ / N, O, P, Q/ 8 R - Schiefe/ 9 Schiefeln - Seele/ 10.1 Seeleben - Sprechen/ 10.2.1 Sprecher - Stehuhr/ 10.2.2 Stehung - Stitzig/ 10.3 Stob - Strollen/ 10.4 Strom - Szische/ 11.1.1 T - Treftig/ 11.1.2 Treib - Tz/ 11.2 U - Umzwingen/ 11.3 Un - Uzvogel/ 12.1 V - Verzwungen/ 12.2 Vesche - Vulkanisch/ 13 W - Wegzwitschern (laut Titel., richtig Wegzwiesel)/ 14.1.1 Weh - Wenunmut/ 14.1.2 Wenig - Wiking/ 14.2.1 Wilb - Wörtlich/ 14.2.2 Wörtlich - Ysop/ 15 Z - Zmasche/ 16 Zobel - Zypressenzweig/ 32 Bde.

      zus. ca. 34200 S. Lex 8°, geb. brauner Halblederband mit goldgeprägtem Rückentitel. sehr gutes Exemplar in schönem Privateinband. Die Herausgabe des Deutschen Wörterbuchs (DWB) war das gewaltigste Unternehmen, dem sich die Philologen Jacob und Wilhelm Grimm stellten, das titanische der Aufgabe war ihnen durchaus bewusst und ließ sie lange zögern. Das Deutsche Wörterbuch wurde zu ihrem Lebenswerk und legte die Grundlage für eine deutsche Philologie als Literatur- und Sprachwissenschaft. Möglich wurde dieses Projekt erst durch einen Akt politischen Ungehorsams, der Jacob und Wilhelm Grimm zu den berühmtesten Deutschen ihrer Zeit machte - aber auch arbeitslos. Am 29.8.1838 wird das Deutsche Wörterbuch in der Leipziger "Allgemeinen Zeitung" angekündigt. Von Beginn an war es als diachrones Wörterbuch geplant. Es enthält den Wortschatz der geschriebenen deutschen Sprache aus der Zeit vom 15. bis zum 20 Jahrhundert. Nach dem Tod der Begründer wurde wurde das Werk von einer Vielzahl von Sprachwissenschaftlern weitergeführt.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Michael Solder]
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        Pylon (Signed Limited Edition)

      Harrison Smith and Robert Haas New York: Harrison Smith and Robert Haas, 1935. First Edition. First Edition. One of 310 numbered copies (this being No. 131) SIGNED by the author. Quarter-bound in pale blue cloth, with silver paper-covered boards and silver spine title. Lacking the publisher's slipcase. Spine faded as often found, some wear at the fore-edge of the front board, and some creasing to the fore-edge of the fold-out leaf preceding the title page. Faulkner's tale of barnstorm aviation, a pursuit which took his brother Dean's life a few months after the book was published. Basis for the 1958 Douglas Sirk film "The Tarnished Angels" featuring Robert Stack, Rock Hudson and Dorothy Malone.

      [Bookseller: Royal Books, Inc. ]
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        Die gegenwärtige Situation in der Quantenmechanik I-III [All]. (The Present Situation in Quantum Mechanics).

      Springer, Berlin, 1935. 4to. (256x186mm). Pages 807-812; 823-828; 844-849 from volume 23 of 'Die Naturwissenschaften'. Bound together in recent attractive marbled boards (Hanne Jensen). Leather title with gilt lettering on front board. A fine and clean copy.. First edition and first announcement of Schrödinger's famous reply to the EPR-paradox (also known as Schrödinger's Cat). When in May 1935 Einstein, Podolsky and Rosen published the so-called EPR-paper in Physical Review, they set out to demonstrate that the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics could not constitute a complete description of nature. The EPR-article prompted a number of responses, e.g. from Bohr, the co-founder of the Copenhagen School, who began writing his response immediately after the publication of the Physical Review article. It is this debate that Schrödinger participates in with his seminal paper on The Present Situation in Quantum Mechanics, in which he presents what is now famously known as Schrödinger's Cat. Schrödinger's Cat is the name of the thought experiment that Schrödinger develops in this article and that was intended as a discussion of the EPR article.After the publication of the EPR article, Einstein and Schrödinger had begun an exchange of letters on the subject of the possibility of quantum mechanics, as interpreted by the Copenhagenists, representing reality. During this exchange of letters, Schrödinger had been inspired by Einstein's view of the problem of applying the Copenhagen interpretation of Quantum mechanics to everyday objects. But Schrödinger, in his response, took his illustration of the absurdity of the interpretation and the incompleteness of quantum mechanics a step further; he applied it to a living entity, namely a cat. Schrödinger imagines a sealed box containing a cat, a bottle of poison, a radioactive source, a Geiger counter and a hammer. When the Geiger counter detects radiation, a mechanism is switched on that makes the hammer fall; the hammer breaks the bottle, and the poison kills the cat. Because it is random, when the Geiger counter will detect radiation, and because in Quantum mechanics, physical conditions are described with the aid of a wave-function that explains all possible conditions of the system, Quantum mechanics, according to the Copenhagen interpretation, would come to the conclusion that the cat in the box is both living and dead, at the same time (the wave function is made up of a superposition of the two conditions -the cat being living and the cat being dead-; the two positions collapse into one, as soon as the system is interpreted as consisting of only one condition -either dead or living cat-, with the sole possible conclusion that the cat is both). Due to Heisenberg and Bohr's independent interpretation of Quantum theory (the Copenhagen interpretation), Quantum theory had in 1927 developed in a direction unforeseen by Schrödinger. Schrödinger was concerned and disappointed that this transcendental, almost physical interpretation of the wave phenomena had become the almost universally accepted dogma.'' (D.S.B. XII, p. 221). His most famous and widely used attack on this interpretation was that of Schrödinger's Cat. This paradox of the dead-and-alive cat vigorously illustrated the absurdity of quantum mechanics and what was necessary to describe the states within this system. The thought experiment of Schrödinger's cat turned out to be hugely influential, and has become a standard paradox within both physics and philosophy

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        The Particle Problem in the General Theory of Relativity.Lancaster PA: Lancaster Press, 1935. First edition.

      Rare offprint of the famous "Einstein-Rosen bridge" paper in which the authors introduced the concept of a wormhole.<br/><br/> "In the last decades of his life, Albert Einstein tried endlessly to unify electromagnetism with his own theory of gravity, general relativity. These efforts are mostly now regarded as quixotic, but a short proposal written in 1935 with a colleague has survived in unlikely fashion as the source of science-fiction ideas for speeding across the universe by means of "wormholes" through spacetime. From the modern perspective, the paper also illustrates how general relativity posed mathematical and conceptual difficulties that foxed even its creator.<br/><br/> "Einstein and Nathan Rosen, both at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, wanted to rid physics of singularities-points where mathematical quantities become infinite or otherwise ill-defined-such as the concept of a particle that has all its mass concentrated into an infinitely small geometrical point. In general relativity, a point mass curves spacetime around it in a way that was calculated by Karl Schwarzschild in 1916. The Schwarzschild solution has mathematical singularities both at zero and at the so-called Schwarzschild radius. <br/><br/> "Reinterpretation of the Schwarzschild solution avoids these singularities, Einstein and Rosen argued in their 1935 Phys. Rev. paper. They imagined a path tracing radially inward. Instead of trying to cross the imaginary spherical shell at the singular radius and proceeding down to the center, Einstein and Rosen showed how to match the path onto another track that emerges outward again-but into a separate section of spacetime. Imagine funnel shapes pulled out of two adjacent rubber sheets and connected at their necks, providing a continuous, tube-shaped path from one surface to the other. This construction makes a smooth connection or bridge between two distinct pieces of spacetime. <br/><br/> "Viewed from afar, either part of this solution represents the gravitational effect of a mass because spacetime is strongly curved, but no physical body is present. Einstein and Rosen added an electromagnetic field to their solution, so that it could also represent a charged body. They hoped their construction would offer a starting point for a unified theory of gravity and electromagnetism based purely on fields, avoiding point particles and the singularities that came with them. <br/><br/> "Not until 1939 was the modern idea of a black hole broached [Oppenheimer, Phys. Rev. 56, p.455], and only later were the subtleties of the Schwarzschild solution fully understood. The singular radius that Einstein and Rosen worked hard to avoid became the black hole's event horizon. Although it is a one-way surface-light can pass across it going inward, but cannot come out-all physical quantities remain well defined at the event horizon. No true singularities arise there. <br/><br/> "Further theoretical work showed that the Einstein-Rosen "wormhole" is not, contrary to outward appearances, a stable structure. For an observer trying to pass through, the wormhole opens up and closes too quickly for even a photon to get through. Later work suggested that exotic forms of energy threaded through a wormhole might keep it open but it remains unclear whether such arrangements are physically feasible. (David Lindley, The Birth of Wormholes, Phys. Rev. Focus vol.15, p.11, 2005)<br/><br/> Weil 196; Boni 228. <br/><br/> For a more technical discussion of this paper see: Peter Havas in 'Einstein Studies', vol. 5, p.105.. 4to: 262 x 200 mm. Original printed wrappers. Offprint from Physical Review, pp. 73-77[3:blank] vol. 48, no. 1, July 1, 1935. Some light creasing to wrappers, Einstein underlined in pencil, otherwise fine an clean

      [Bookseller: Sophia Rare Books]
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        French Signed Bindings in the Mortimer L. Schiff Collection. [With:] British and Miscellaneous Signed Bindings in the Mortimer L. Schiff Collection. By Seymour de Ricci.

      New York: Privately Printed, 1935.. First Edition, together 4 vols., large 4to, with over 300 reproductions of bindings, orig. buckram, extremities lightly rubbed, uncut.Of French 18th and 19th century signed bindings the Schiff collection was remarkably fine and certainly the most comprehensive brought together by a single collector. In this catalogue, beginning with Monnier and Padeloup and ending with Trautz-Bauzonnet, each binding is given a highly detailed description so as to register clearly the idiosyncrasies of each binder, and every binding of any importance is reproduced in a full-size photograph (except for a dozen very large volumes). In many cases the doublures and inner dentelles are also reproduced and all binders&apos; stamps and tickets are given in facsimile. The British and miscellaneous section is treated in the same meticulous manner, British bookbinding being represented chiefly by binders of the 18th and early 19th centuries.

      [Bookseller: Forest Books]
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        "Campo della Magdelena" watercolor on paper, signed and titled

      n.p ca. 1935 n.p, ca. 1935. Image 7-1/2 x 10-1/2 inches; matted and framed. . Fine condition . Herman Armour Webster (1878-1970) was born in New York City and attended Yale, graduating in 1900. He then moved to Paris and studied painting and etching at the Jullien Academy. In 1905 four of his etchings were shown at the Paris Salon, and in 1907 he became an Associate of the Royal Society of Painter-Etchers, in London; he subsequently became a member of the Societe National des Beaux Arts in Paris. His work is represented in the collections of the Musee Nationale du Luxenburg, Paris, as well as the Library of Congress, the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, and the Chicago Art Institute, among others

      [Bookseller: James Cummins Bookseller ]
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        Pencil Drawing of a young woman leaning forward with outstretched hands

      Paris 1935 Paris, 1935. 7-3/4 x 5-3/4 inches. Signed lower left ("Marette Lydis Paris 1935"). Very good. From the Autograph Album of Alfred Eisenstaedt . Painter, engraver, illustrator, Lydis "owed her famed chiefly to her color prints and to her illustrations. Engraver with a delicate top, strangely similar to Foujita but without a hint of morbidity, she successfully realized delicate harmonies of colors, or shades. She illustrated a number of works: LES FLEURS DU MAL ... " - Benezit

      [Bookseller: James Cummins Bookseller ]
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        Flora Agaricina Danica. Published under the Auspices of the Society for the Advancement of Mycology in Denmark and the Danish Botanical Society. Collaborators: N. F. Buchwald, M. P. Christansen, C. Ferdinandsen, Poul Larsen, F. H. Møller, Ö. Winge et al.

      Copenhagen, 1935-40. Two volumes: first volume with text, XXIV + 90 + 105 + 96 + 119 + 105; second volume with 200 colourplates. Half leather.. Text in English

      [Bookseller: Antikvariat Röda Rummet AB]
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        FAIRY TALES AND LEGENDS OF HANS ANDERSEN. Illustrated by Rex Whistler.

      [8], 470 pages. Illustrated throughout in line by Whistler. This copy is one of the limited edition of 250 copies, signed by Whistler on the half-title, but instead of being in the usual white decorative cloth, gilt, is bound in full, decorative pink morocco, all edges gilt; the inner boards decorated with butterfly motifs on the morocco dentelles; the central panels being of scarlet silk with central gilt motifs; the free endpapers also being silk; the book housed in a solander cloth box with decorative, titled spine. This binding would appear to be totally unrecorded - certainly Stephen Calloway who curated the Whistler Exhibition at the Brighton Museum and Art Gallery, The Triumph of Fancy, 2006, has not seen a copy before - but it is clearly contemporary, presumably commissioned for presentation, and bound by the publisher's binders, Leighton-Straker. Some offsetting from the binding to the inner lining of the solander box; slight wear to the box extremities; else absolutely fine and very possibly unique.

      [Bookseller: David Miles]
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