Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1913
Eintwurf einer verallgemeinerten Relativitätstheorie und einde Theorie der Gravitation. I. Physikalischer Teil von Albert Einstein. II. Mathematischer Teil von Marcel Grossmann. Leipzig und Berlin, B.G. teubner, 1913. 8vo. Uncut in orig. printed wrappers. Offprint/ Separatabdruck from "Zeitschrift für Matghematik und Physik", Band 62. A few small closed tears to edges of frontwrapper. A small bump to foot of endwrapper affecting foot of the last 10 leaves. 38 pp. On top on frontwrapper the name "Uhlenbeck" in ink. (George Eugene Uhlenbeck 19001988). The writing of "Uhlenbeck" is very near to (or is in ?) Einstein's handwriting. The paper comes from the library of Abraham Pais.Uhlenbeck is perhaps most widely known for the discovery of electron spin, a discovery made jointly with Samuel Goudsmit when they were both graduate students at Leiden. In later years he did much important work in atomic structure, nuclear physics, and especially kinetic theory and statistical mechanics. Throughout his career he had a reputation as a superb lecturer and teacher.. First edition in the offprint version of one of Einstein's main works (marked with an asterix by Weil). In the paper Einstein collaborates with Grossmann on the foundations of the general theory of relativity, and gravitation is here for the first time described by the metric tensor. They believed that they have shown that the equation of the gravitational field cannot be generally covariant. The paper is a turning point on the way to the general theory of relativity."In his 1913 review article and in his memoir with Grossman, he insisted that only those frames of reference are admissible in which the conservation laws hold true..... This step was immense in its implications: (a) it forced the abandonment of the Newtonian notion that the gravitational field could be characterized by one scalar function, the gravitational potential; (b) it forced on Einstein the notion that gravitation is explicitly related to the geometrical structure of spacetime. In his 1913 paper with Grossman,34 Einstein adopted as the fundamental invariant of this theory the generalization of the fourdimensional line element ds originally introduced by Minkowski for a flat spacetime. If spacetime is not flat, ds must be expressed in terms of a general coordinate frame." (DSB). "The EinsteinGrossmann paper published 1913 contains profound physical insight into the nature of measurement, some correct general relativistic equations, some faulty reasoning, and clumsy notation..... Grassmann's contribution consists of a lucidexposition of Riemannian geometry and its tensor calculus. In addition, he gives mathematical details in support of some of Einstein's arguments... "(Abraham Pais).In a letter to Sommerfeld October 29, 1912, Einstein wrote "At present I occupy myself with the problem of gravitation and now believe that I shall master all difficulties with the help pf a friendly mathematician here (= Grossmann). But one thing is certain, in all my life I have labored not nearly as hard, and I have become imbued with great respect for mathematics, the subtler part of which I had in my simplemindedness regarded as pure luxury until now. Compared with this problem, the original relativity is child's play."Weil: 58 (with an asterix denoting a major paper)  Boni: 50 [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S] 1. Check availability: Antikvariat
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Die Nordströmsche Gravitationstheorie vom Standpunkt des absoluten Differentialkalküls.Leipzig: Johann Ambrosius Barth, 1914. First edition, author's presentation offprint issue.. Inscribed offprint of the EinsteinFokker paper which is of "considerable interest in the history of general relativity because it contains Einstein's first treatment of a gravitation theory in which general covariance is strictly obeyed ... and particularly notable for its new derivation of the field equation." (Pais, p.236). <br/><br/> Although Einstein and Grossmann had made significant progress with their 'Entwurf' theory of 1913, using the tensor calculus of LeviCivita and Ricci, it was still a theory in which the equivalence principle in general did not hold (i.e., under particular coordinate transformations the gravitational field equations were not covariant). Einstein attempted to give various 'physical' arguments in order to account for this deficiency, but an important step towards obtaining general covariance was made when Einstein and Fokker, the next year, examined an alternative gravitational theory, in the framework of tensor calculus, and found that using just the condition that the velocity of light is constant, and independent of the position of the physical point, they were able to derive generally covariant field equations for this theory. <br/><br/> "After the EinsteinGrossmann (1913) paper, Einstein's next significant references to the curvature tensor and general covariance occur in a paper that Einstein wrote early in 1914 together with a young Dutch physicist, Adriaan D. Fokker. This paper is a discussion of a gravitational theory proposed by Gunnar Nordström, a Finish physicist then working on the problem of finding a gravitational theory compatible with the principles of special relativity. Einstein and Fokker showed that Nordström's scalar theory can be rewritten as a metric theory of gravitation [i.e., in the framework of tensor calculus], using only generally covariant equations, if one assumes that the metric tensor is conformally related to the Minkowski metric tensor of special relativity. They phrased the latter requirement as follows: 'Nordström's theory ... is based on the assumption that, by proper choice of reference system, it is possible to satisfy the principle of the constancy of the velocity of light'. Thus, they not only assumed the metric tensor to be conformally Minkowskian, but also adopted conformally Cartesian coordinates." (Stachel: Einstein and the History of General Relativity, p.82). <br/><br/> "They derived its basic equations [the gravitational field equations of Nordström's theory] in in a very simple way, directly from the condition of the constant velocity of light and Lorentz covariance. This was an important step towards the final tensor equations of general relativity of November 1915." (Einstein Studies, vol. 10, p.285). <br/><br/> Einstein and Fokker concluded their paper remarking that it might be possible that a similar derivation of the field equations would be possible in the EinsteinGrossmann theory without need of the previous physical assumptions. <br/><br/> "Thus, early in 1914, just fifty years after Maxwell's first attempt at a gravitation field theory, Einstein was not quite there but he was closing in, as the final remark of the EinsteinFokker paper clearly indicates." (Pais, p.237).. Rare offprint issue, with 'Überreicht vom Verfasser' printed on front wrapper, from Annalen der Physik Vol. 44, pp. 321328. 8vo: 224 x 143 mm. Original printed wrappers, dimesized piece of the lower right corner of the front wrapper torn away. Inscribed on the front wrapper by Fokker 'M.v.g' (Met vriendelijke groet / With sincere regards). Weil 65. Weil mentions (p.4) that only few of these offprints were made of Einstein's papers from before 1914 [Bookseller: Sophia Rare Books] 2. Check availability: Antikvariat
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Design for a "Menu", with fantasy background of 3 fairies seated at table N.p. 1913 [N.p.], 1913. 81/2 x 6 inches. Pen, ink and watercolor on Bristol board. Very good . William M[itcheson] Timlin (18931943) was born in Northumberland, England, and studied art in Newcastle before following his parents to South Africa, where he completed his studies in art and architecture. He then practiced as an architect, designing a number of major public buildings in Kimberley; at the same time he worked as an artist, producing paintings, etchings and pastels of conventional subjects, in addition to the watercolor fantasies for which is he best known. He also wrote stories and music, and did periodical illustrations. In 1923 he published THE SHIP THAT SAILED TO MARS, which has become a fantasy classic. A charming, early commercial design from Timlin [Bookseller: James Cummins Bookseller ] 3. Check availability: ABAA
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Candid oder Der Optimismus. Eine Erzählung von Voltaire. Mit 12 Holzschnitten und Initialen von Max Unold. Leipzig, Insel=Verlag, 1913. Small 4to. Bound in fine full morocco (red), 4 raised bands, gilt lettering and gilt compartments. Inner gilt lineborder. All edges gilt. 177,(2) pp. 12 plates in woodcut and many large woodcut initials. Clean and fine. Nr. 25 of 30 copies "auf Chinapapier". A total of 800 copies [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S] 4. Check availability: Antikvariat
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Scott's Last Expedition. In two Volumes. Vol.I. Being the Journals of Captain R.F. Scott. Vol. II. Being the Reports of the Journeys & the Scientific Work undertaken by E.A. Wilson and the Surviving Members of the Expedition. Arranged by Leonard Huxley. With a Preface by Clements R. Markham. 2 vols. London, Smith, Elder & Co., 1913. Royal8vo. 2 orig. full cloth. Gilt lettering. Uncut. A few minor tears at spines ends, corners mildly bumped. XXVI,633,XIV,534 pp. 2 frontispieces in photogravure, 6 plates in photogravure, 18 colourplates, 260 photographic illustrations on plates, folded maps and panoramas. Fine and clean.. First edition [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S] 5. Check availability: Antikvariat
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A BOY'S WILL London: David Nutt 1913 London: David Nutt, 1913,. 1st edition, full bronze pebbled cloth, without dust jacket (as issued). Specially signed by Frost on the halftitle page in fountain pen ink. The celebrated author's first commercially published book, presented here in the very rare first binding of which "no more than 350 copies were bound" in the bronze pebbled cloth. (Crane A2, p.8). A beautiful copy, very bright, and signed by this fourtime Pulitzer Prize winning poet. A scarce title, especially so signed and in unequalled fine condition. Truly a cornerstone for any Frost collection. [Bookseller: Jett W. Whitehead Rare Books (ABAA) ] 6. Check availability: ABAA
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Die Konkurrenzen zu Pferde an den Olympischen Spielen zu Stockholm (Mit einem Anhang: Die KavallerieReitschulen zu Saumur, Pinerolo und Tor di Quinto) Schickhardt & Ebner Konrad Wittwer Stuttgart Schickhardt & Ebner (Konrad Wittwer) 1913 First edition vg 8vo. xi,203,[1]pp. Rebound in threequarter cloth over marbled boards with original pictorial front wrapper pasted on cover. Interesting account of the equestrian sports competitions at the 1912 Olympic Games in Stockholm. Illustrated with 51 annotated b/w reproductions of photographs and drawings by Gustav Rau. Includes a special section on the cavalry ridingschools in Saumur (France), Pinerolo and Tor di Quinto (Italy). Blank label pasted near head of spine. Signature of previous owner on top margin of front wrapper and on free front endpaper. Some age wear on binding, front board slightly bowed. Slight rippling to leaves, underlining and markings in black pen on some pages. Yellow staining on bottom right corner of first few pages. Text in German. Binding in good, interior in overall very good condition. Contents: Vorwort / I. Einleitung / II. Die Gel?ndekonkurrenz (Military) / III. Das Preisreiten / IV. Das Preisspringen / V. Die Pferde / VI. Zur Geschichte der Konkurrenzen zu Pferde bei den Olympischen Spielen / VII. Schlussfolgerungen / VIII. Die franz?sische KavallerieReitschule zu Saumur / IX. Die italienischen KavallerieReitschulen zu Pinerolo und Tor di Quinto / Berichtigund und Erg?nzung [Bookseller: Eric Chaim Kline  Bookseller ] 7. Check availability: ABAA
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