The viaLibri website requires cookies to work properly. You can find more information in our Terms of Service and Privacy Policy.

Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1877

        Life of Frederick the Great: Comprehending a Complete History of the Silesian Campaigns and the Seven Years' War

      London - George Routledge and Sons, 1877 Book. Very Good. Hardcover. The first English edition of this extensive historical biography of Frederick the Great, with beautiful illustrations by eminent German artist Adolph Menzel. In a recent fine crushed morocco with unusual marbled paper-covered boards. With 500 original black and white designs by Adolph Menzel. Franz Theodor Kugler, 1808 - 1858, was a German historian, art historian and writer. Adolph Friedrich Erdmann von Menzel, 1815 1905, was a German artist noted for drawings, etchings, and paintings, andconsidered one of the most prominent German artists of the 19th century. Condition: In a half crushed morocco binding. Externally, FINE. Internally, firmly bound, with onlythe very occasional handling mark or spot. Overall: FINE..

      [Bookseller: Rooke Books]
 1.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        Sind Revisited: With Notices of the Anglo-Indian Army; Railroads; Past, Present and Future, etc

      London: Richard Bentley and Son, 1877. First Edition. Hardcover. Very Good-. 8vo - over 7¾ - 9¾" tall Two volumes, pp xii, 343; iv, 331. Bound in light brown/mauve cloth with design in black, stamped in gilt on spine. Penzer p. 94-95; Casada 61. Both volumes lightly soiled and rubbed, corners bumped, rear hinges starting. Pinhole to spine of Vol. II. Otherwise sound and clean. Provenance: Earlyl owner's name (J.H. Livingstone, Nov 29, 1878) on title pages. Most recently from the collection of Burton scholar and bibliographer James A. Casada. Writing after a brief visit to Sind in 1876, Burton borrowed heavily from his earlier work, Scinde, or the Unhappy Valley (1851), but added material about changes that had occurred over the past two decades, as well as speculation about the region's future.

      [Bookseller: Walkabout Books, ABAA]
 2.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        Through Bosnia and the Herzegovina on Foot during the Insurrection, August and September 1875,

      London: Longmans, Green, and Co.,, 1877. with an Historical Review of Bosnia. Revised and Enlarged, and a Glimpse at the Croats, Slavonians, and the Ancient Republic of Ragusa. Octavo. Original brown sand-grained cloth, title gilt to the spine, Evans' crest gilt to the upper board, panelling in black to the upper board and in blind to the lower, marbled endpapers. Steel engraved frontispiece and 3 other plates, Great Seal of Tvartko, King of Bosnia, in red to the title page, numerous woodcuts to the text, folding map. A little rubbed,neatly rebacked with the original spine laid down, light browning, a couple of leaves awkwardly opened, contemporary ownership inscription of William Lewis S. Stucley to the half-title, but overall very good. Second, and best edition, with Evans' "Historical Review" improved "having obtained access to some new authorities on Bosnian history", and some additional "considerations on the present state of Bosnia, [and] the malign and artificial character of the Osmanlì government in that province" (Preface). The great archaeologist's first book, based on letters sent to the Manchester Guardian from his European travels, an account that is considered to be remarkably perceptive and even-handed; "Seen through the eyes of a foreigner, nineteenth-century Bosnia-Herzegovina inevitably assumed the features of a land pervaded by ethnic hatred, social injustice and religious intolerance. Yet these are not the only features that characterize Evans's image of Bosnia. He distinguished himself from all other travellers of his age by managing to seize upon certain forms of cultural syncretism characterizing the region. In fact, whereas other authors placed great weight on what separated different ethnic groups in Bosnia, Evans tended to underline what united them … It may be suspected that Evans was in search of certain 'characteristically Bosnian' syncretisms in order to find if not a solution, then at least a counterweight, to the religious, ethnic and social conflicts to which he was a passive witness. Evans's account is more than an investigation of - and in - the revolt" (Berber, introduction to the 2005 Italian edition, published in the Bosnian Institute's Bosnia Report, April-July, 2006). Uncommon.

      [Bookseller: Peter Harrington]
 3.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        [Strindberg] (LEIXNER, OTTO von)

      Anvisning att på 60 minuter blifva konstkännare. Öfversättning. Stockholm, J. W. Holm, 1877. 16 s. Häftad med laxrosa omslag. Lätt nött. Bakre omslaget med fläckar och med bläckkorrigering av den tryckta prisangivelsen. Lagd i en låda med marokängrygg med upphöjda bind och rik guldornering. Med Svante Svedlins guldpräglade pärmexlibris på främre pärm.. Ej i Zetterlund. Enligt Arvid Vikströms anteckning på sitt exemplar är den lilla skriften översatt av August Strindberg. Det har till och från hävdats att Strindberg i själva verket skulle vara dess författare, något som Teddy Brunius kunnat vederlägga genom att leta upp det tyska originalet som utkom i Berlin 1877. I texten driver författaren med konstkännarnas pretentiösa manér: "Besynnerligt, sällsamt - uttalas mycket långsamt med armarne i kors och ögonbrynen sammandragna". Strindberg verkade själv vid den här tiden bland annat som konstkritiker

      [Bookseller: Mats Rehnström]
 4.   Check availability:     Antikvariat     Link/Print  


        Lord Lytton's Novels. In twenty-six volumes

      78 - London - George Routledge and Sons, 1877 Book. Very Good. Hardcover. A large, comprehensive set of Lytton's famous novels, in fine bindings. Volume I features a portrait frontispiece. With the pictorial bookplates of W. N. Nicholson to the front pastedowns. Contains as follows: Vol. 1 Pelham; Vol. 2 Paul Clifford; Vol. 3 Eugene Aram; Vol. 4 The Last Days of Pompeii; Vol. 5 Rienzi; Vol. 6 The Last of the Barons;Vol. 7 Ernest Maltravers; Vol. 8 Alice; Vol. 9 Godolphin; Vol. 10 The Disowned; Vol. 11 Night and Morning; Vol. 12 Leila and the Pilgrims of the Rhine; Vol. 13 Devereux; Vol. 14 The Caxtons; Vol. 5 My Novel (part one); Vol. 16 My Novel (part two); Vol. 17 Lucretia; Vol. 18 Harold; Vol. 19 Zanoni; Vol. 20 What Will He Do With It (part one); Vol. 21 What Will He Do With It (part two); Vol. 22 A Strange Story and The Haunted and the Haunters; Vol. 23 The Coming Race; Vol. 24 Kenelm Chillingly; Vol. 25 The Parisians (part one); Vol. 26 The Parisians (part two). Edward George Earle Lytton Bulwer Lytton, first Baron Lytton (18031873) was awriter and politician. Bulwer's professional literary career began modestly, when Henry Colburn issued his first novel, Falkland, in March 1827. A lurid tale of adultery and gloomy philosophical posturing, it attracted little attention and sold poorly. Despite this, Colburn recognized the potential of his new recruit and offered 500 for another novel. Utterly different in character, Pelham, or, The Adventures of a Gentleman, published in May 1828, became a huge best-seller (George IV is reported to have ordered several copies to ensure that it would be available in each of his residences). The Disowned (December 1828) replicated the formula of social satire intermixed with sensational incident; the hero is a soberly contemplative scholar who learns that self-fulfilment proceeds from philanthropic action rather than solitary thought. Less didactic in its conception, Devereux (1829) is a rambling tale of political intrigue and Gothic melodrama set in the early eighteenth century, whose chief interest lies in its portrayal of the good and the great of the period: Swift and Pope, Bolingbroke and Voltaire, Louis XIV and Peter the Great. It is notable also for the rhetorical excesses of its apostrophic style: Wild brooklet Fortune freights not your channels with her hoarded stores, and Pleasure ventures not her silken sails upon your tide (1. 63). This mannered floridity of diction, accompanied by the persistent capitalization of abstract nouns, was to become a distinguishing and disfiguring feature of Bulwer's prose. Paul Clifford (1830) represented a radical new departure. Its eponymous hero was a highwayman, and its leading aim was to expose the pointless barbarity of the penal code of the day. In Eugene Aram (1832) Bulwer took Newgate fiction into unprecedented territory by fashioning a hero out of a notorious murderer. DNB. Condition: In half calf bindings with marbled boards. Externally, generally smart with just some rubbing to the extremities. Several joints starting but firm. Internally, generally firmly bound although slightly strained in places to a few of the volumes. Very clean throughout, with just a few spots to some of the endpapers. Overall: VERY GOOD..

      [Bookseller: Rooke Books]
 5.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        Illustrated Toronto: Past and Present

      Peter A. Gross, Toronto 1877 - Original purple cloth illustrated in gold and black. Illustrated with 59 two colour lithographs, each with it's own tissue guard. Errata slip at page 252 inserted. This copy with a presentation inscription on the endpaper "Mrs Houstoun Presented by Jas G. Worts June 11th 1881 on board Nipissing train" Worts was the the principal of Gooderham & Worts of Distillery fame. Spine faded and general wear to the extremities. Stamped ownership name to rear of first litho. Important book of early Toronto history. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Contact Editions, ABAC, ILAB]
 6.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        ATLAS OF PHILADELPHIA AND ITS ENVIRONS [LBC]

      Philadelphia: G. M. Hopkins / F. Bourquin Steam Lithographic Press. Very Good with no dust jacket. 1877. Hardcover. PHILADELPHIA; PENNSYLVANIA; MAPS; Color maps; 17.5 x 14"; Covers scuffed,. Contents with light aging but VG. Maps mounted on linen hinges. Nicely done color maps of Pennsylvania New Jersey juncture. Unusually nice. Done on Steam F Bourquin lithographic press. Forty-six full color maps many of which are single sheet 2 page spreads . Two pp of b/w illustrations. very nice one sheet 2 pp map of Pensylvania, 2pp hisotrical Sketch of Montgomery County. one page of Business Notices. Sound and complete. .

      [Bookseller: poor mans books]
 7.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        Stanford’s Map of Turkey in Europe and Her Tributary States, Together with Such Parts of Russia, Austria, Turkey in Asia & Persia as are More Immediately Concerned in the Settlement of the Eastern Question.

      London: Edward Stanford April 12 1877 - Map dimensions 73 x 106 cm, overall dimensions 75.5 x 111 cm. Large folding map of the regions from central and eastern Europe through the Caucasus and across to the eastern shores of the Caspian Sea and the northern reaches of the Persian Gulf. Original colour in block and outline. Dissected into 32 sections and mounted on linen, folds between original brown cloth covers, Stanford’s yellow printed advertisements to the inner cover and the folded end section of the map and their printed title label to the upper board. Some light wear to the covers and the title label, save for some light toning to the paper, the map in very good condition. The map illustrates the overall theatre of the Russo-Turkish War and the bordering states affected by the conflict. The prospect of Russian ascendancy in the region in the face of the disintegration of the Ottoman Empire heightened British fears and led to widespread coverage and debate on the "Eastern Question".

      [Bookseller: Bow Windows Bookshop (ABA, ILAB)]
 8.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        Über die Beziehung zwischen dem zweiten Hauptsatze der mechanischen Wärmtheorie und der Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnuung, respective den Sätzen über das Wärmegleichgewicht.Vienna: Karl Gerold, 1878.

      First edition of the foundation work of statistical thermodynamics, containing the Boltzmann principle expressing the relation between entropy and probability, <i>S = k</i> log <i>W</i>, where <i>S</i> is the entropy of a system, <i>W</i> the thermodynamic probability of the same system, and k a universal constant (later named the Boltzmann constant by Planck). "This formula connects a thermodynamic or macroscopic quantity, the entropy, with a statistical or microscopic quantity, probability... These results gave rise to a paradox. If Newtonian mechanics held on the molecular level, interactions between particles had to be reversible, whereas thermodynamic changes on the macroscopic lever were irreversible. The answer to this 'reversibility paradox' lay in the statistical character of the second law" (Oxford Companion to the history of modern science). This work is fundamental to all subsequent developments in statistical mechanics and especially in quantum mechanics.<br/><br/> "Each microscopic configuration possible for a gas with a given energy content is presumed to have an equal likelihood, and therefore the probability of any particular macroscopic condition is proportional to the number of microstates yielding it. Hence, in contrast to the original formulation of the second law, there is a finite, albeit small, probability for the entropy of a system to decrease" (Parkinson Breakthroughs). <br/><br/> "The result of this investigation, the theorem that entropy is proportional to the logarithm of the probability, is one of the most beautiful theorems of theoretical physics, indeed of all science" (Fritz Hasenöhrl). <br/><br/> This paper was presented in October 1877, but in fact not printed until the beginning of 1878.. In: Sitzungsberichte der kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, LXXVI Band III Heft, Jahrgang 1877 October, zweite Abtheilung. 8vo (247 x 157 mm), the Boltzmann article pp 373-435; a fine copy, uncut and unopened in original printed wrappers. Rare in the original state as here

      [Bookseller: Sophia Rare Books]
 9.   Check availability:     Antikvariat     Link/Print  


        Wine and Wine Countries: A Record and Manual for Wine Merchants and Wine Consumers . . . New Edition

      London: Whittaker & Co., 1877. Small octavo, viii, 519, [1], 7 pages. Photographic frontispiece portrait, engraved title page, 20 plates (one folding). Second edition, following the first which appeared in 1862. An attractive work on wines and wine producers, with a decidedly English slant -- port and sherries, Madeira, champagne, etc. --though the wines of France, Germany (and even Australia) come in for their due. Andr&#142; Simon writes that the author relies heavily on Henderson, Redding and others. Gabler reports that Tovey operated a still as a young boy, and "thus he acquired a lifelong acquaintance with various kinds of spirits..." Of this work, Gabler writes, "He combines these [classic] wine sources with his own knowledge of the subject. The blend makes for interesting reading." Original decorated green cloth, gilt lettering. Edges of the text block foxed (with some foxing to the leaves around the lithographic plates, which are clean and attractive). Small chip from corner of the mount of the frontispiece (neatly repaired). Just a trifle rubbed, otherwise a very good copy. Scarce. [Gabler G41410; Simon, Bibliotheca Vinaria 10, 14; not found in Bitting or Vicaire].

      [Bookseller: Rabelais - Fine Books on Food, Wine & th]
 10.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        Toussaint Louverture, general en chef de l&#39;armee de Saint-Domingue, surnomme le premier des noirs

      Paris: A. Durand et Pedone-Lauriel, 1877. Hardcover. Good. Paris: A. Durand et Pedone-Lauriel, 1877. 1st Edition. French. Collated. Half calf. Octavo, viii + 402 pp. Bound in a 19th century red leather binding, with moderate wear. Minor cover wear. Internally, very good-, with minor foxing. Damp stain on first end page and frontis. A 19th century account of the life of FranÃ&#131;Æ&#146;Ã&#134;â&#128;&#153;Ã&#131;â&#128;&#154;Ã&#130;§ois-Dominique Toussaint L&#39;ouverture (1743Ã&#131;Æ&#146;Ã&#130;¢Ã&#131;¢ââ&#130;¬Å¡Ã&#130;¬Ã&#131;¢ââ&#128;&#154;¬Ã&#133;â&#128;&#156;1803), a former slave who became the dynamic leader of the Haitian Revolution that liberated Haiti from France, he created and ruled the first black-ruled Republic, but who was captured by the French and died in captivity in France. The author of this book was able to read the secret family papers of Louverture that were preserved by his son Isaac Louverture and he provides a detailed and comprehensive description of L&#39;Ouverture, and the events that terrified slave-owners worldwide and shocked Europe and the Americas. * Contents include: Origin; Toussaint se jette dans l&#39;insurrection; Toussaint-Louverture fait ses premieres armes; Toussaint passe au service de l&#39;Espagne; Toussaint fait les conquetes du Dondon et de la Marmelade; Campagne des Gonaives; invasion de anglaises; Toussaint-Louverture, victorieux de tous ses ennemis, se range avec 4,000 hommes sous le giron de la Republique francaise; Toussaint-Louverture se distingue au service de la France; Toussaint-Louverture livre plusieurs combats contre les Anglais et s&#39;empare de plusieurs positions avantageuses. Toussaint-Louveture enleve aux Espagnols Saint-Michel et Saint-Raphael; Toussaint-Louverture venge sur les Espagnols le massacre du Fort-Dauphin; Toussaint-Louverture bat les Anglais dans plusieurs rencontres; Toussaint-Louverture fait la conquete du Mirebalais; TO chasse les anglais du Mirebelais; TO aux Cayes; il recoit la nouvelle constitution francaise; reddition de Santo Domongo; gouvernement francais recoit la constitution coloniale de Saint Domingue, expedition contre cette colonie; manuscrit de M. Isaac Ouverture; deportation de la famille Louverture; les noire reprennent les armes; a bord du Heros; yoyage de TO a travers la France; arrive du reste de sa famille a Bayonne; le Fort de Joux; interrogatoire de Toussaint Louverture; circonstances de sa mort; autopsie du cadavre; evacuation de Saint Domingue; reconnaissance de son autonomie; elle reprend le nom d&#39;Haiti; etc., etc.

      [Bookseller: SequiturBooks]
 11.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        LA REFORMA LEGISLATIVA. Revista de Legislación, Jurisprudencia y Administración. Especialmente dedicada al Estudio y Aplicación de las Leyes Hipotecaria, de Matrimonio y de Registro Civil y del Notariado. Redactores. Tomo VI. Nº 305 Noviembre Año 1877 a Tomo XXVIII Diciembre Año 1899 hasta Nº 1463. X volúmenes

      - Madrid. Imprenta y Fundición de la Viuda é Hijos de J. Antonio García. Establecimiento Tipográfico de Antonio Marzo y otros. 1877-1899. Diez volúmenes. Infolio menor, unas 500pp por volumen. Encuadernación homogénea gran holandesa puntas piel corinto de época, hierros y tipos dorados en lomera, cortes jaspeados. Algún volumen con la cubierta algo rozada, la holandesa excelente. Muy buen ejemplar. En la horquilla ofertada falta años 1882 y 1883. Cada tomo por año, excepto años 1877-78-79 en un tomo. Imagen en sitio virtual de MIMO Libros [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: MIMO Libros]
 12.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        WINE AND WINE COUNTRIES: A Record and Manual for Wine Merchants and Wine Consumers. Signed by the author

      London, Whittaker & Co., 1877.. SECOND EDITION 1877, INSCRIBED BY THE AUTHOR, (first published in 1862), 8vo, mounted original photograph of the author as a frontispiece, engraved extra title page with views of Chateau Margaux and Chateau Lafitte, grape harvesting and pressing, wine cellars, bottles and barrels, plus 19 plates including 4 maps (French wine growing diustricts), and a folded facsimile sheet of an autograph contract between Lord Nelson and Woodhouse & Co., pages: viii, 519 including index, plus 7 page advert, bound in the original publisher&#39;s green cloth, decorated and lettered black to upper cover, gilt lettered spine with small gilt bunch of grapes motif beneath author&#39;s name, blind rules and motif to lower cover. Covers slightly damp faded towards fore-edge, corners slightly worn, 5 mm (¼") split to cloth at foot of upper hinge, 10 mm (½") closed tear to upper margin of page 423, another slightly larger to top margin of folded facsimile of an agreement which faces page 424, both neatly repaired. A very good clean tight complete copy. The plates show Oporto wine boats, Douro boats sailing up the river, pressing the grapes and filling the tanks, women training the vines, harvesting the grape in Medoc, wine pests, bottling champagne, Elz on the Moselle etc. The book covers a wide variety of European wines, Champagne and wines of Australia. Gabler, Wine into Words, page 280 G39260. The author has inscribed the verso front endpaper: "R. Kervill Esq, with the Authors Comp(liments)". MORE IMAGES ATTACHED TO THIS LISTING. POSTAGE AT COST.

      [Bookseller: Roger Middleton]
 13.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        A History of the Scottish Highlands Highland Clans and Highland Regiments

      Edinburgh & London: A Fullarton & Co, 1877 A History of the Scottish Highlands Highland Clans and Highland Regiments with an Account of the Gaelic Language, Literature and Music + an Essay on Highland Scenery (2 Volumes-as issued). Refurbished by Paul Delrue with new blue cloth covers retaining the original gilt title on their red and green leather labels. Rounding and backing and new end papers. Volume 1, (xxxvi), 776 pp. Articles on the Scenery of the Highlands by Professor Wilson. The followed by Part First - General History of the Highland with chapters on BC 55 to AD 446. AD446-843. AD843-1107. AD1107-1411. AD1424-1512 and continues in the same vein until 1748-to Present time. Has illustrations of Prince Charles Edward Stuart. William Duke of Cumberland and many more. There are also 16 colored Tartans all in VIVID color as well as numerous woodcuts in the letter press. Volume 2, (vi), 818 pp, and is broken down into Part First continued-General History of the Highland with articles on the Social Condition of the Highlands. State of the Highlands subsequent to 1745. Progress of Highlands during the present century. Gaelic Literature, Language and Music. Followed by Part the Second-History of the Highland Clans. Followed by Part the Third-History of the Highland Regiments. Again with a long list of Illustrations including 15 very well colored tartans, both volumes with their text block edges marbled. (additional postage fees) (Allibone, COPAC and for a full bio see ODNB)

      [Bookseller: Madoc Books]
 14.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        VOCABULARY OF THE SHOSHONE LANGUAGE

      Salt Lake City. 1877.. 36pp. Original green printed wrappers. Very minor wear and soiling. Near fine. First edition, issued by the author. As early as 1855, Alexander Ross in his FUR HUNTERS OF THE FAR WEST had included a two- page "Snake Language" word list, but Hill&#39;s work is the most comprehensive vocabulary of English-Shoshone to have been published. Not in Streeter, Pilling, or Graff, and a rarity of western Indian linguistics. AYER, INDIAN LINGUISTICS (SHOSHONE) 3. JONES 1590. SIEBERT SALE 1049.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
 15.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        THE AMERICAN SENATOR

      1877. In Three Volumes. London: Chapman and Hall, 1877. Original pinkish-ochre cloth decorated in black. First Edition, published at the end of this novel&#39;s serialization in Temple Bar magazine.~THE AMERICAN SENATOR will be read for the sake of its opening chapters, which set before the reader in a few pages the whole geographical and social pattern of an English county; for the sake of its hunting episodes, which are among the best not only in Trollope, but in the whole of English fiction; and for the sake of Arabella Trefoil, a masterly study of a girl without a heart... [Sadleir].~The name of the American senator who comes to England with Arabella and her mother? -- Elias Gotobed.~This copy is in the primary binding of pinkish-ochre cloth decorated in black (Sadleir identifies five secondary and remainder bindings, including one three-volumes-in-one). This light cloth is extremely prone to soil, but this set has less than usual (a slightly paler patch at the top of each front cover indicates that this set, like most, initially went to a lending library). There is minor wear at the spine ends, and a bit of bubbling of Vol II&#39;s front cover cloth. The endpapers are appropriately yellow but are not the originals; each bears a relatively recent bookplate. In all, a very good set. Sadleir (TROLLOPE) 46.

      [Bookseller: Sumner & Stillman]
 16.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        Illustrations of the Logic of Science. First Paper. - The Fixation of Belief.; Second Paper. - How to make our Ideas Clear; Third Paper. - The Doctrine of Chances; Fourth Paper. - The Probability of Induction.- Fifth Paper. - The Order of Nature.; Sixth Paper. - Deduction, Induction, and Hypothesis.

      D. Appelton and Company November 1877 to October 1878, New York - The Popular Science Monthly, Volume XII: 2 blank leaves + TP + 1 leaf with portrait of Michael Servetus on verso + [1]-777 (with engraved frontis portrait preceding each month's first page) + 2 blank leaves, (Peirce's four papers appear on pp. [1]-15, 286-302, 604-615 & 705-718), Octavo. Ketner 00107, 00119, 00120 & 00121 respectively; Volume XIII: 1 blank leaf + TP + 1 leaf with portrait of Edward S. Morse on verso + [1]-776 (with engraved frontis portrait preceding each month's first page) + 1 blank leaf, (Peirce's two papers appear on pp. 203-217 & 470-482), Octavo. First Edition. Ketner 00122 & 00123 respectively. The first two of Peirce's revolutionary papers herald the birth of pragmatism while the next two expound ideas unique to Peirce and his genius. The last introduces Peirce's concept of abduction (though it is not yet called that). Any one of these extraordinary papers would have secured Peirce a place in the canon of American philosophy and logic but, taken together, they constitute on the of the great achievements in American philosophy. That Peirce published all six in the span of just ten months is breathtaking. Peirce formulated his doubt-belief theory in 1873, but it was first published in a series of six papers in Popular Science Monthly in 1877 and 1878. These papers do not constitute a rejection of the earlier theory of cognition; rather, they elaborate the earlier theory and set it in the context of biological evolution.Any organism that is to survive, Peirce held, must develop habits of behavior that are adequate to satisfy its needs. Such habits are rules of behavior that prescribe how we should act under given conditions in order to achieve a particular experiential result. Now such habits, when thoroughly adopted, Peirce called beliefs. Since to possess beliefs is to know how to satisfy one's wants, belief is a pleasant state: doubt, or absence of belief, is an unpleasant state, since one is then uncertain how to act and is unable to attain the desired goals. The organism will then seek to escape from doubt and to find belief. The process by which the organism goes from doubt to belief Peirce defined as inquiry. Clearly, there are various methods of inquiry, and the most satisfactory method will be that which leads most surely to the establishment of stable belief - that is, to belief that will stand in the long run. Pragmatism is Peirce's most famous philosophical doctrine, although it was made famous by William James rather than by Peirce. As Peirce defined it, pragmatism is purely a theory of meaning - not of truth. (EP, Volume VI, p. 73)Also in the first volume are Language and the English Civil Service by Alexander Bain (pp. 152-162); Evolution of Ceremonial Government in three parts by Herbert Spencer (pp. [385]-407, 545-555 and 6410-662); an article by Shaw entitled The Telephone and How it Works (pp. 559-569); Technical Education by T. H. Huxley (pp. 570-580); and Mayer's article On Edison's Talking-Machine (pp. 719-724). The second volume also contains the final three installments of Evolution of Ceremonial Government by Herbert Spencer (pp. 25-43, 146-166 and 292-302); Education as a Science in two parts by Alexander Bain (pp. 302-311 and 660-668); an excellent portrait of the young Thomas A. Edison (preceding page [385]); The Progress of Anthopology by T. H. Huxley (pp. 668-676);and Consciousness Under Chloroform by Herbert Spencer (pp. 694-698). Original publisher's green cloth binding with embossed front and back covers and bright gilt lettering on the spine. With two bookplates from a long defunct stitution (Poland Spring Library) on the inside front covers of each book along with occasional embossed ownership stamping throughout. These publisher's binders are extremely uncommon, most copies being rebound to suit the preferences of the libraries that were the most frequent buyers of these compendiums. A near fine set. PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST. [Attributes: First Edition]

      [Bookseller: Athena Rare Books ABAA]
 17.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        VIVIEN

      London: Edward Moxon, 1877. An early reissue of the first printing of 1867. Illustrated with nine most impressive steel engraved plates (with tissue guards) by Gustave Doré. Folio, publisher&#146;s original green pebbled cloth highly decorated in gilt and black on the upper cover, the lower cover in blind, the spine beautifully lettered in bold gilt, all edges gilt. 49. A brilliant copy. Very fine with only a hint of occasional very minor foxing and a touch of bumping at the corners. Uncommonly nice for a book whose size renders it very vulnerable to great wear. AND ELUSIVE TITLE IN THE DORÉ OEUVRE. An Arthurian poem and an impressive piece of Victorian book design and illustration.

      [Bookseller: Buddenbrooks, Inc.]
 18.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        Skandinaviens Fugle, med saerligt Hensyn til Danmark og de nordlige Bilande.

      - Anden, fulstaendigt omarbeidede Udgave ved Jonas Collin. Kjöbenhavn,Fr. Wöldikes Forlag 1877. 8:o. Kjöbenhavn, L. A. Jörgensens Forlag 1879. Folio. (11),VIII-LI,(3),838,(2) s.; (2) s. + 106 handkolorerade planscher. Textband: Samtida halvskinnband, rygg med fyra markerade bind och gulddekor. Nötta yttre falsar. Planschband: Samtida halvskinnband med sex markerade bind och rik gulddekor. Titel och dekor i guld på främre pärm. Marmorerade snitt. Lagad vid ryggens huvud och i främre yttre fals vid fot. Mycket liten bit borta vid ryggens huvud och bit borta vid ryggens fot. Några planscher hårt skurna i yttre kant med någon textförlust av planschnummer. Texten något lagerfläckad. En del planscher något lagerfläckad, 16 planscher lagerfläckade. Från Gunnar Brusewitz bibliotek med hans exlibris i textdelen och hans namnteckning på första blanka blad i planschdelen. Ex libris Karen Neckelmann på främre pärms spegel och namnteckning Hother Neckelmann de 11 April 1894 på titelbladet i planschdelen. Textdel 20 x 14 cm. Planschdel 38 x 25 cm.*Planscher:I-LV. Plansch XXII, XXVI, XXVIII, XXIII, XL och LI med a och b. 1:e supplement 35 planscher. 2:det supplement 8 planscher. 2 onumrerade planscher. Ny Tavle III.[#\107010]

      [Bookseller: Antiquaria Bok & Bildantikvariat AB]
 19.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan, or the Central and Western Rajpoot States of India ... Second edition

      Calcutta: [printed by G.C. De. The New Sanskrit Press] published by Harimohan Mookerjee, 1877. 2 volumes, quarto. (10 3/4 x 8 3/4 inches). Pp.[i]-xxxiii, [1], [1]-639 [1]; [1-4], [i]-xxvi, [1]-674. 2 folding letterpress tables. 16 plates by N.C. Bose, S.C. Dass, T.N. Dev and others after Captain Waugh (6), Ghafsi (5) and others (including: 1 folding engraved cross-sectional map and 1 folding plate of script printed on recto and verso), occasional illustrations. Original green cloth, covers blocked in blind, the flat spines divided into five compartments with double fillets in blind, lettered in gilt in the second and fourth compartments. Very rare Calcutta edition of this valuable early study of the history, beliefs and topography of Rajasthan: only a single incomplete copy is recorded by OCLC. No complete copies of this Calcutta edition are recorded by OCLC, and no copy is listed as having sold at auction in the past thirty-five years. The plates are of particular interest. The plates are after the London edition of 1829-1832, and provide an interesting insight into the work of engravers working in the region at the time: little is known or recorded of the work of native engravers working in India in the mid-19th century. The author went to India as a cadet in the Bengal army of the British East India Company in 1799. He commanded the escort attached to the Resident at Sindhia from 1812 to 1817. In the latter year he was in charge of the Intelligence Department which largely contributed to the break up of the Maratha Confederacy in the Third Anglo- Maratha War, and was of great assistance in the campaign in Rajputana. In 1818 he was appointed political agent for the states of western Rajputana, where he successfully acted as an arbitrator between rival chieftains, settling their feuds. While Resident in Rajputana, Tod collected materials for his Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan, a work of great importance for South Asian scholars. Tod presents the contemporary geography and a detailed history of Rajputana along with the history of the Rajput clans who ruled most of the area at that time. Tod&#39;s work drew on local archives, Rajput traditional sources, and monuments such as the Edicts of Asoka found at Junagadh. He returned to England in 1823 with a wealth of material for what became a fundamental study of Rajasthan&#39;s historical development. The first edition was published in London between 1829 and 1832, with a total of fifty plates. Most of the images were engraved by Edward Finden from originals from various sources - most notably a local artist whose name is given as Ghafsi, or Captain Waugh, a friend and kinsman of the author. The present edition demonstrates the esteem in which the work was held in the region, even fifty years later. A more immediate token was given by the ruler of Udaipur, who, when the work first appeared, renamed a village in Tod&#39;s honour: Barsawada became "Todgarh" (or Tods fort) - a name that it still bears today. OCLC 504180584 (British Library copy, imperfect: i.e. BL integrated catalogue, shelf mark 9057.cc.12)

      [Bookseller: Donald Heald Rare Books]
 20.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        Researches in Telephony

      Boston: Press of John Wilson and son, 1877 Book. Fine. Soft cover. 1st Edition. 8vo - over 7¾ - 9¾" tall. From: Proceedings of the American Academy of arts and science. New Series vol. IV, whole series vol. XII, from May 1876 to May 1877. 8vo. iv, (1)-10 pp. General journal title and content list bound in as issued. Later (20th century) black paper binding with grey cloth spine, paper label with title on cover, protective paper wrapper. Faint damp staining and soiling, minor paper repairs to gutter and margins of general title, few minor tears to margins. A very fine, unstamped copy. ---- Dibner 69; PMM 365; Origins of Cyberspace 116; From Gutenberg to the Internet 5.3; Norman 164. - THE VERY RARE FIRST EDITION. Philip Reis had produced the first telephone in 1861, but it was not capable of transmitting intelligible speech. In March 1876 Bell spoke the first words to be heard and understood over the telephone, patented his invention the same month, and on 10 May this paper was read to the American Academy The following year the first public telephone service was installed between Boston and New York..

      [Bookseller: Milestones of Science Books]
 21.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        Through the Looking Glass, inscribed by the author

      London: Macmillan. 1877. Hardcover. Good. 1877 Original deep red cloth gilt 8vo, 224pp. Good copy with some repairs. Inscribed by the author in his signature purple ink, "Bertram James Collingwood from his affte. Uncle the Author, August 7, 1878."

      [Bookseller: Caliban Books ABAA-ILAB]
 22.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        BLACK BEAUTY. His Grooms and Companions. The autobiography of a Horse. Translated from the original Equine by Anna Sewell

      Jarrold and Sons. London. ND(1877). FIRST EDITION. 8vo.(6.8 x 4.5 inches). Engraved frontis. 8 pages of publishers adverts at rear. A very good copy in the rare Carter binding variant 'B' (John Carter. More Binding Variants in English publishing 1820-1900). Original publishers burgundy coloured cloth with front board showing the horses head facing right, stamped in black and with gilt reins, within a gilt and black floral and rustic design and the title stamped in black letters, the lettering expanding from the middle of each word. Spine lettered and decorated in black and gilt. Rear board ruled in blind. This copy has been professionally re-backed with the original spine laid down. New dark brown coated endpapers. The spine and edges are a little rubbed and the top of the original spine has a small area of loss but overall an acceptable copy in a rare binding variant. Housed in a full green morocco, felt lined, clam shell box with raised bands & gilt lettering.

      [Bookseller: Paul Foster Books]
 23.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        Alt orientalische Teppichmuster: nach Bildern und Originalen des XV-XVI Jahrhunderts gezeichnet von Julius Lessing

      Berlin: Ernst Wasmuth. Good; 14.5 x 21.5 quarter-cloth Portfolio in Good condition. Missing leaf . with pages 3-4.. 1877 (1923). Portfolio. Illustrated by 30 chromolithographs; GWO 732. Second German language edition of Lessing&#39;s landmark classic. [CSROT 2709].; 20; 24 pp. .

      [Bookseller: RugBooks.com]
 24.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        BILUCHISTAN. No 1. PAPERS RELATING TO THE AFFAIRS OF KHELAT. [Cd. 1807].

      HMSO, London 1877 - viii.530pp. Bound with: "BILUCHISTAN. No 2. PAPERS RELATING TO THE TREATY CONCLUDED BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT OF INDIA AND THE KHAN OF KHELAT, ON THE 8TH DECEMBER 1876. [cD. 1808]" vii.363pp. British Government Parlaiamentary papers, the two papers bound together as Vol LXIV of Papers for Session 8 Feb - 18 Sug 1877. Contemporary marbled boards with scuffed and worn leather corners, re-cased early 1900s with library buff buckram spine and red title labels gilt, worn and labels very scuffed, small old gilt linstitutional library stamp to base of spine but no internal marking or stamping. . A massive collection of reports, diaries, telegrams, etc dealing with this troublesome border area. The British particularly feared the instability in Khelat could open a door for foreign intervention, as is shown in a quote from Sir H Green: "His [the Khan's] power over them is slight. In more than one instance in these papers we find a chief who has been unsuccessful in his rebellion inviting the interference of a foreign power, the latest example of which may be seen in the case of Moolla Mahomed, who decalres all Beloochistan to be subject to the ruler of Cabul as Assood Khan had before acknowledged the supremacy at one time of Candahar, at another of Persia." Contributors to papers include: Lepel Griffin (Sec to Govt of Punjab), Capt R G Sandeman, Col Munro, T H Thornton, Khan of Khelat, C U Aitcheson, Col F Loch, Maj C H Harrison (Political Agent, Khelat), Col Sir W L Mereweather (Commissioner of Sind), Lord Northbrook, Lord Napier of Magdala. A very heavy volume so please enquire first if requiring overseas posting. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: BATES AND HINDMARCH]
 25.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        Street Life in London. With Permanent Photographic Illustrations taken from Life expressly for this Publication

      London: Sampson Low, Marston, Searle, & Rivington [ 1877 ] Issued in 12 parts between 1877 & 1878 and here published in one volume. 37 mounted Woodburytype plates on 36 leaves with tissue guards. 4to (11 x 8 1/4 inches), 100-pages. Original green cloth pictorially blocked in black & gilt. Inner joints split, headbands worn, a few minor punctures to backstrip & joints, corners rubbed, title browned & foxed, a little other foxing or browning. The photographic plates in good order. Signature on front free endpaper.

      [Bookseller: Bristow and Garland]
 26.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        Le Chien D&#39;or. The Golden Dog. A Legend of Quebec

      New York: Lovell, Adam, Wesson printed by Lake Champlain Press, 1877. 1st. Hard Cover. Very Good. THIS 1877 1ST US EDITION VARIANT A BINDING COPY IS QUITE RARE. 8vo, 19cm x 13cm. (7 5/8" x 5 1/4"), vi, 678pp., [8]ads, Dark blue cloth, original brown endpapers. Gilt lettering and decoration. Original dark brown end papers with previous owners name barely visible. Extremities rubbed and beginning to fray, much more so to head and heel; old bookseller very small sticker to front paste-down. Else, interior clean and bright; sound. Very good/No dust jacket.& & This scarce, first printing of this classic of 19th century Canadian literature, an historical novel of Quebec. Possibly the most important novel in nineteenth century English-Canadian literature. Variant A binding with ads: First text setting, Blue cover with black and gold; 8p of advertisements., The Golden Dog was issued in February 1877. Unfortunately, Kirby received little financial benefit from his masterpiece. Because the original publishers failed to copyright the novel, its author neither received royalties nor kept control of the text. & "The novel&#39;s action takes place just before the fall of New France, when the supporters of the popular Chien d&#39;Or trading house, headed by the bourgeois Philibert, struggle against the decadent and corrupt Grand Company of the Intendant BIGOT. Two ill-fated romances are interwoven: that of Amélie de Repentigny with Philibert&#39;s son, Pierre; and that of Le Gardeur (Amélie&#39;s brother) with the self-seeking Angélique des Meloises, who eventually persuades him to kill Philibert. This action precipitates the collapse of the colony. The novel mixes Gothic and historical romance with Québecois history and legend; it also provides insight into 19th-century English Canadian perceptions of French Canada&#39;s past." from the Canadian Encyclopedia

      [Bookseller: Lord Durham Rare Books Inc. (IOBA)]
 27.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        A Monograph of the Bucerotidae, or Family of the Hornbills

      [New York:] published for subscribers by the author [printed by Taylor and Francis], [1877]-1882. Large 4to., (14 4/8 x 11 inches). 60 EXCEPTIONALLY FINE lithographic plates, comprising 57 hand-coloured plates by and after J. G. Keulemans, and 3 uncoloured plates of generic characters by and after J. Smit, all printed by M. and N. Hanhart. Contemporary half green morocco, green cloth, gilt (spine lightly faded to brown). THE LAST OF ELLIOT&#39;S GREAT ORNITHOLOGICAL MONOGRAPHS First edition, originally issued in ten parts, and a "a comprehensive treatment of the entire family of hornbills" (Zimmer). A genus of ground and tree-dwelling birds, somewhere between the Kingfishers and the Hoopoes, inhabiting the Ethiopian, Oriental and Australian regions, Hornbills are renowned for their formidable bill, which is deceptively hollow and permeated with a network of boney fibers, and their long and strong eyelashes. Plate 44 although included on the plate list was never issued. Daniel Giraud Elliot was born in New York, but later moved to Chicago to serve as Curator of Zoology at the Field Museum of Natural History in Chicago. His great wealth and interest in ornithology enabled the production of a series of sumptuous color-plate books on birds, long after most publishers had turned to smaller formats and cheaper coloring techniques. Elliot commissioned the best bird artists of the day including Joseph Wolf , Josef Smit, and in the case of the Hornbills, the celebrated Keulemans. Fine Bird Books p. 74; Nissen IVB 297; Zimmer p. 207. For more information about this book, or a warm welcome to see it and other books in our library at 72nd Street, NYC, please contact Kate Hunter, M.A. Oxon, in the Rare Book Department.

      [Bookseller: Arader Galleries]
 28.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        HANDSOME ORIGINAL PHOTOGRAPH OF THE RENOWNED AUTHOR AND WITH THE AUTHOR&#146;S CALLING CARD WITH LONG AUTOGRAPH NOTE IN FRENCH, SIGNED AND DATED BY JULES VERNE

      France: not published, Oct. [18]97. A fine late nineteenth century black and white &#147;woodbury process&#148; photograph from 1877 of the author in formal profile. The photograph is ovular and tipped onto a contemporary cream paper backing featuring an engraved ovular border for the photograph and with JULES VERNE handsomely printed below. Presented with the photograph is the author&#146;s calling card with his name printed in the center. On the card Verne has written in French a friendly note in response to a previous correspondence. The card is dated October &#145;97 and is neatly signed by the author. Ovular photograph measures approximately 4.5 by 3.5 inches on a decorative backing approximately 8 by 6.75 inches, calling card approximately 3.5 by 2.25 inches., All handsomely mounted together under grey board with beveled edges, glazed and in a wide antique heavily-gilded wooden frame for a total presentation measuring over 16 by 12 inches. The photograph and calling card are both beautifully fresh and fine with no wear. The antique frame with some chipping to the gilt but still very sturdy and handsome. A DELIGHTFUL TREAT FOR ANY LOVER OF THE WORKS OF JULES VERNE. Verne is perhaps unique in the annuals of literature for his fantastical combination of imagination, humor, wit and surprisingly accurate prophetic visions. In his famed science fiction novels, such as FROM THE EARTH TO THE MOON and TWENTY THOUSAND LEAGUES UNDER THE SEA, he predicted such things as nuclear powered submarines, an American space launch to the Moon taking place from central Florida and various other imaginative forms of powered aviation. His many novels were all originally written and published in French but were so internationally popular and well received that American and English translations were almost instantaneously produced. His light hearted approach, often even to serious subjects, and rollicking style of prose have insured the popularity of his novels for generations.

      [Bookseller: Buddenbrooks, Inc.]
 29.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        A Monograph of the Bucerotidae, or Family of the Hornbills

      [New York]: printed by Taylor & Francis of London, published for the subscribers by the author, 1877-1882. 1 volume bound from the ten original parts, folio. (14 3/4 x 11 1/8 inches). 60 lithographic plates printed by M. & N.Hanhart (comprising: 57 plates by and after John Gerrard Keulemans, all hand-coloured by Mr. Smith, 3 uncoloured plates by and after Joseph Smit), occasional uncoloured illustrations. Near-contemporary green half morocco, spine in six compartments with raised bands, lettered in gilt in the second and third, date in gilt at foot of spine, original brown paper wrappers to all ten parts bound at the back, top edge gilt. A fine copy of the first edition of this "comprehensive treatment of the entire family of hornbills" (Zimmer) from one of the best known American ornithologists of the second half of the nineteenth century, with illustrations by Keulemans, the most popular ornithological artist of the period. This is the important first monograph on this widely scattered family of extraordinary birds. "The Bucerotidae are pretty equally divided at the present day between the Ethiopian and Oriental Regions, the first having twenty-seven and the latter twenty-nine species, while but a few... are scattered about the islands of the Malay archipelago" (introduction). Hornbills are extraordinary not only for their physical appearance but also for their behavior - the most noteworthy shared trait amongst the species is the male&#39;s habit of "enclosing the female in the hollow of some tree, firmly fastening her in by a wall of mud, and keeping her close prisoner until the eggs are hatched" (introduction). The male will feed the female through a slit in the wall whilst she incubates the eggs. She will only break through the wall of mud and leave the nest once the young have hatched, at which point the wall is rebuilt and remains in place until the young are ready to fly. The bizarre beauty of this species is here ably captured by Keulemans highly accurate and beautifully observed plates. Keulemans was born in Rotterdam, Holland, in 1842, but worked and lived chiefly in England, working on most of the important ornithological monographs and periodicals published between about 1870 and his death in London in 1912. He was "undoubtedly the most popular bird artist of his day as well as being the most prolific. He was gifted with a superb sense of draughtsmanship and revealed his considerable versatility in capturing the significant subtleties of color, form, and expression in the birds... represented in his various illustrations" (Feathers to brush p. 47) BM(NH) I,p.522; Fine Bird Books (1990) p.95; T. Keulemans & J. Coldewey, Feathers to brush... John Gerrard Keulemans, 1982, p.61; Nissen IVB 297; Wood p.331; Zimmer p.207

      [Bookseller: Donald Heald Rare Books]
 30.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        Across Africa

      Leipzig - Bernhard Tauchnitz, 1877 Book. Very Good. Hardcover. First edition. A scarce first edition of Verney Lovett Cameron&#39;s influential work on the African continent. Complete in two volumes. Verney Lovett Cameron (1 July 1844 24 March 1894) was an English traveller in Central Africa and the first European to cross equatorial Africa from sea to sea. His travels, which were published in 1877 in this work, contain valuable suggestions for the opening up of the continent, including the utilisation of the great lakes as a Cape to Cairo Road connection. In recognition of his work he was promoted to the rank of Commander. Condition: In half calf bindings with marbled paper covered boards. Externally, sound with slight shelfwear and rubbing. Internally firmly bound, bright and generally clean with a careful repair to one page. Overall: VERY GOOD INDEED.

      [Bookseller: Rooke Books]
 31.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        RIME OF THE ANCIENT MARINER, Illustrated by Gustave Doré [with,] LA CHANSON DU VIEUX MARIN Traduite par A. Barbier de l&#39;Académie Française et Illustrée par Gustave Doré

      London [and] Paris: Doré Gallery, Hamilton, Adams and Co. [and] Librairie Hachette, 1877 [and] 1876. 2 separate works bound into one volume. Extremely early printings of each volume. Each work with its own frontispiece, engraved vignette title-page and two other vignettes as chapter headpieces and both sets with the 38 full-page engraved plates by Gustave Doré, one set with the captions in French, one set with the captions in English, a total of 80 engraved plates and two vignette headpieces. Large folio (495 x 370 mm), in a very impressive French contemporary binding of three-quarter scarlet morocco over black and red marbled boards, the extra large corner pieces triple ruled in gilt, the spine with six compartments between tall, gilt ruled raised bands, one compartment gilt ruled and lettered, the others with a triple gilt ruled geometric framework, marbled end-leaves and t.e.g. Two engraved title-pages and frontispieces, 14 pp.; 1-14 pp., [and two sets of 38 plates each]. An exceptionally beautiful copy of both works, fresh, clean and solid and bound together in a fine binding of gentleman&#146;s taste, all beautifully preserved and in very fine order. This is a beautiful book in especially nice condition and, in BOTH languageS it remains one of Dore&#146;s most elusive titles. This beautifully bound set includes both the English and French edition of Coleridge&#146;s masterwork and two full sets of the huge and impressive engraved plates of Doré. Coleridge&#146;s RIME OF THE ANCIENT MARINER was a signal shift to modern poetry and the beginning of British Romantic literature. Its dark and brooding themes, most likely inspired by James Cook&#39;s second voyage of exploration, provided the perfect vehicle for Gustave Doré to employ his signature use of darkness and light to produce what is surely one of the most amazing illustrated books of the period.

      [Bookseller: Buddenbrooks, Inc.]
 32.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        Alexander Graham Bell Acts Quickly to Corner the Market For Telephones

      Just three years after opening the 1st telephone exchange in the Unites States in 1877, he moves to the international scene& The utility of the telephone was immediately obvious and its rise was a rapid one. However, it was the drive of its inventor, Alexander Graham Bell, that made its acceptance and installation happen so quickly.& Bell received a U.S. patent for the invention of the telephone on March 7, 1876. He soon displayed it at the Centennial Exhibition in Philadelphia. On June 25, 1876, at one end of the huge Machinery Hall, Bell demonstrated the invention by speaking into what looked to be an odd-shaped instrument attached to a wire. At the same time, a fair official at the far end of the hall heard the voice through a second instrument. This public demonstration was the first physical proof that the human voice could be carried through a wire. Attendees, including the Emperor of Brazil, marveled; Lord Kelvin saw it as "the most wonderful thing" he had seen in America. The Exhibition ended in November 1876. In 1877, Bell formed the American Bell Telephone Company, and that very year it opened the first telephone exchange (in New Haven, Connecticut) and laid the first long-distance telephone line. By the end of 1877, Mark Twain and President Rutherford Hayes became two of the first people to have a telephone. Bell installed a phone booth inside the White House just outside the Oval Office; there would not be a telephone on a President&#39;s desk for decades. In 1879, the first telephone numbers were issued in Lowell, Massachusetts. Before that the operator had to memorize or look up people by their proper names to connect them. By 1880, Bell, through his parent company and its affiliates and subsidiaries, was expanding throughout the United States. This was an aggressive timetable that saw Bell start from scratch in Connecticut in 1877 and reach the Pacific coast in 1880.& But Bell was not satisfied with limiting his plans to the United States; he wasted no time whatever in going international. The Continental Telephone Company, an offshoot of Bell, received its charter in January 1880 and was assigned rights to the telephone patents internationally. Its first step would have to be to obtain national patents for the telephone in each target nation, for both the transmission of electronic sound waves (telephonics), as well as the equipment necessary (kindred contrivances) to give it practical use and commercial value. Such patents would enable Bell to sew up the market for the telephone in these countries.& Just months after receiving its charter, perhaps recalling the Brazilian Emperor&#39;s excitement, Continental Telephone was already moving to make the telephone a reality in South America.& Document Signed, Washington, May 7, 1880, giving the American Consul in Valparaiso, Chile, Jose D. Husbands, power of attorney to apply for patents for "any inventions connected with Telephonics and kindred contrivances in Chile." Accompanying this is three other documents: one is a signed statement by Philip Mauro, attesting that this was signed in his presence by Bell; the second is a document signed by D.K. Carter, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia, attesting that Mauro is a Notary Public in his jurisdiction; and the third is a document signed by Secretary of State William Evarts that Carter was in fact the Chief Justice of that court. There is paper loss to the lower portion of the State Dept. form affecting Evarts signature, and some paper loss and repairs to the statement of witness by Mauro. However, interestingly, on the back there is an original label of The Continental Telephone Company, H.S. Russell, President, which identifies that company as owner of Bell&#39;s Patents and Inventions in Russia, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Central and South America, and The West Indies.& This document both shows Bell&#39;s brilliant, original business plan in action, and actually documents the initial spread of the telephone within three years of its inception. It is the first formative document of the telephone that we have had or recall seeing, and a search of auction records over the past three decades discloses no other.&

      [Bookseller: The Raab Collection]
 33.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        "The History of the Imperial Assemblage at Delhi, held on the 1st January, 1877, to celebrate The Assumption of the Title of Empress of India by Her Majesty The Queen"including Historical Sketches of India and Her Princes Past and Present

      London: Longmans, Green, Reader, and Dyer., 1877 "The History of the Imperial Assemblage at Delhi, held on the 1st January, 1877, to celebrate The Assumption of the Title of Empress of India by Her Majesty The Queen"including Historical Sketches of India and Her Princes Past and Present by Wheeler, James Talboys,(1824-1897), with Portraits, Pictures, Maps and Plans. Published by Longmans, Green, Reader, and Dyer. Pages xiv+248 pp. with double-page color litho, 5 other lithos, 1 reproduction of an engraving and 26 mounted Woodburytypes( see explanation below) after photos by Bourne and Shepherd. All the pictures are present except Queen Victoria's engraved picture, not from a photograph. It was taken from a painting by Angeli and the engraved copy sent to India by Queen Victoria to be placed in the State Reception Tent. The photographs include studio portraits of Lord Lytton, and eleven Indian rulers; a group of the Khan of Khelat with Chiefs and Ministers; seven views of historical remains in Delhi; and five of scenes at the Durbar at which Queen Victoria was proclaimed Empress of India. 'The original photographs, with some exceptions (not stated which ones), were taken by Messrs Bourne and Shepherd' (Wheeler 1877, p.vi. ). Condition: Overall condition is Good. The covers have some moderate edge wear and surface rubbing. The gilt and decoration is strong. The thin spine covering is worn, torn and split and been re-glued. It could be professionally restored since the essentials are there. The binding is tight and the pages tightly bound in. The Pictures are all there as stated above except the Queen Victoria portrait which was a copy and not original to this book. Almost all the pictures are clean and in Very Good or better condition. A number of the pages upon which the pictures are glued have a crease on the bottom which does not affect the picture. Those 4 pictures which have some margin foxing on the background paper or dampstaining on the margin edge background paper. The book measures 10 1/4 inches by 12 and 1/4 inches. The weight is over 7 lbs, lbs. shipping weight.. First Edition. Decorative Cloth. Good. Illus. by Bourne and Shepherd' .

      [Bookseller: Mikandra Books]
 34.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        Cartas á la dona. Noticias exactas y detalladas de la Exposició Universal de Filadelfia en 1876, y d'un viatxe pels Estats-Units. Llibre curiós divertit y en vers catalá. Il-lustrat ab preciosos dibuixos dels primers artistes catalans. Tomo I (Único publicado)

      Estampa de John Smith, Nova York 1877 - 4º mayor, 1 hoja, 3 láminas, 283 p., 7 hojas publicitarias de la época en papel verde. Todas las páginas estan adornadas por grandes orlas ornamentales que encuadran el texto, completadas en la mayoría de casos de bellos grabados en forma de cabecera, cada uno dibujado por un artista catalán diferente. Tela, hilos y letras doradas en lomo. Cubierta original. Buen ejemplar. Tal como se indica en la parte superior de la portada, éste es el primer libro en catalán que se publicó en los Estados Unidos, con el pie de imprenta de Nueva York aunque en realidad fue impreso en Barcelona. Su aparición responde a la petición de Artur Cuyás, director de "La Llumanera de Nova York", (primera revista en catalán publicada en América), de una crónica de la exposición de Filadelfia para las páginas de la revista. Arús cumplió con el encargo aunque nunca viajó a los Estados Unidos, como confirma Cuyás en el prólogo, y se sirvió de los escritos y la documentación que le enviava en castellano J. Garriga, un representante de "La Llumanera" en Filadelfia, para transformarlos y convertirlos en cartas humorísticas en versos catalanes, verdadero cuadro de costumbres de aquel país que el escritor compara satíricamente con las catalanas. Las páginas de este interesante ejemplar están todas muy ilustradas con bellas obras de grandes artistas como Felip Cusachs, Lluis Labarta, F. Llovera, Apel les Mestres, Pellicer, F. Trias y Giró, Vayreda, etc. Hay dos láminas con el retrato de Pau Pi y Pla, personaje imaginario que Arús presenta como el autor de la obra. Literatura catalana. Poesía catalana. Humor. Exposiciones Universales. Catalan literature. Catalan poetry. Humour. Universal Exhibitions.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Anticuaria Studio]
 35.   Check availability:     IberLibro     Link/Print  


        Les Voyages Extraordinaires

      Paris - D&#39;Education et de Recreation J. Hetzel et Cie, 1877 Book. Very Good. Hardcover. First edition. A first edition of Jules Verne&#39;s science fiction novel. In French. With many beautiful illustrations. Condition: In a quarter morocco binding with cloth covered boards. Externally, sound with slight shelfwear and marks to boards. Internally, firmly bound. Slight marginal age-toning, but clean. Overall: VERY GOOD.

      [Bookseller: Rooke Books]
 36.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        Novum Testamentum Graece Ad Antiquissimos Testes Denuo Recensuit Delectuque Critico Ac Prolegomenis Instruxit Constaninus de Tischendorf Editio Critica Minor Ex VIII. Maiore Desumpta

      J. C. Hinrichs Bibliopola, 1877. Hardback (No Dust Wrapper.). Good. Leather binding is worn and rubbed, heavily at the corners, with a 1" split to the join of the upper board and the head of the spine. Small sticker to the front pastedown. Small shop stamp to the blank and first title page with a signature to the blank. Pages lightly age-tanned overall but with some gathers more heavily so, and scattered foxing throughout.. | 7½" x 4¾". 1056pp. | [ Carries a second title page from the 1870 edition of Hermann Mendelssohn. Half-leather binding with five raised banks. Marbled lining papers. ] Further details, photographs, etc. are available, just use the «Ask Bookseller» button and I&#39;ll be pleased to help. The book is in stock and ships, POST INCLUDED in the UK, from the rural idyll of Peasedown St. John, near Bath in England from a long-established bookseller :: Your purchase guaranteed by my reputation and the UK Distance Selling Act. Don&#39;t forget that buying this book means my Jack Russells get their supper!

      [Bookseller: BookLovers of Bath]
 37.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        Novum Testamentum Graece Ad Antiquissimos Testes Denuo Recensuit Delectuque Critico Ac Prolegomenis Instruxit Editio Critica Minor Ex VIII. Maiore DesumptaApparatum Criticum Apposuit Constaninus

      J. C. Hinrichs Bibliopola, 1877. Hardcover. Very Good. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs Biblipola, 1877. Printed by Giesecke & Devrient. Eighth minor edition. Hardcover, 1,056 pp. In green blind-paneled cloth with gilt titles on spine. Likely a rebinding. All edges red. Very good. Lacks the front free endpaper. Pages toned at edges, slightly brittle. No markings. Minimal wear. In Greek and Latin.

      [Bookseller: Stick Figure Books (ABAA/ILAB)]
 38.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        Sveriges historia fran aldsta tid till vara dagar [complete in 6 volumes - Language Swedish]

      Stockholm : H. Linnstrom, 1877-1881, 1877. 1st Edition. Physical description: 6 v. : illus. ; 24 cm. Subjects: Sweden -- History. Contents: 1. delen. Sveriges hadnatid, samt medeltid, forra skedet, fran ar 1060 till ar 1350. Af Oskar Montelius -- 2. delen. Sveriges medeltid, senare skedet, fran 1350 till ar 1521. Af Hans Hildebrand -- 3. delen. Sveriges nydaningstid, fran ar 1521 till ar 1611. Af Oskar Alin -- 4. delen. Sveriges storhetstid, fran ar 1611 till ar 1718. Af Martin Veibull, Magnus Hojer [Ernst Carlson] m. fl -- 5. delen. Sverige under partitidhvarfvet, fran ar 1718 till ar 1809. Af Rudolf Tengberg, fortsatt af S.J. Boethius -- 6. delen. Sveriges historia under den nyaste tiden, fran ar 1809 till ar 1875. Af Teofron Save. "Med ofver tva tusen trasnitt." Each volume has a separate title page. Near fine copies bound in contemporary gilt-blocked cloth. Slightest suggestion only of dust-dulling to the spine bands and panel edges. POS to front paste-downs. Remains particularly well-preserved overall; tight, bright, clean and strong.

      [Bookseller: MW Books Ltd.]
 39.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        COLEOPTERA SANCTAE-HELENAE

      London, John Van Voorst, 1877.. FIRST EDITION 1877. 8vo, 230 x 145 mm, 9 x 5¾ inches, engraved plate of beetles as frontispiece, pages: xxv, 256 including index, plus 2 pages of adverts, original publisher&#39;s blind stamped green cloth, gilt lettering to spine, original yellow endpapers. Small neat repair to closed tear at top of inner margin of title page, small neat repair to 1 outer margin due to bad opening, with slight loss of paper, several pages have a tiny nick to lower margins, endpapers, frontispiece and title page have light foxing, occasional tiny spot to margins, neat ink name to first blank endpaper (Henry E. Moore), otherwise a very good clean copy. MORE IMAGES ATTACHED TO THIS LISTING.

      [Bookseller: Roger Middleton]
 40.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        Worthy women of our first century

      Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott & Co., , 1877. Octavo. Original maroon sand-grained cloth, title gilt to the spine, decoration in black to the boards, brown surface-paper endpapers. A little rubbed, short split at the head of the spine, front free endpaper with minor splits to the fore-edge, light toning, a very good copy. First edition. This copy with the bookplate of Butler Place to the front pastedown, and the publisher&#39;s presentation inscription; "Mrs. Owen J. Wister with respects of the Publishers." to the first blank. As well as co-editing, Mrs. Wister contributes a piece on Deborah Logan. Sarah Butler Wister was the eldest daughter of Fanny Kemble and Pierce Butler, and the mother of Owen Wister, author of The Virginian, the "father" of Western Fiction. Wister was to inherit Butler Place from his mother on her death in 1908. Sarah&#39;s co-editor was Agnes Irwin, first dean of Radcliffe College, and the principal of the West Penn Square Seminary for Young Ladies, now known as the Agnes Irwin School, from 1869-1894.

      [Bookseller: Peter Harrington]
 41.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        Letters - Addressed to Richard Hengist Horne

      London: Richard Bently and Son, 1877. First edition. 2 vols., 8vo. viii, [ii], 272; [vi], 296 pp. Publisher&#39;s purple cloth, stamped in black and gilt, spines faded, else near fine, in a custom half morocco slipcase and chemise . Inscribed on the half-title of vol. I, "Lady Stafford Northcote / Presented with Compts / and Respect of R.H. Horne / London 1877." Lady Northcote was the wife of Conservative politician Stafford Henry Northcote, 1st Earl of Iddesleigh. Horne (1802-1884) was a poet and critic, most noted for his epic poem Orion. He carried on a lengthy correspondence with Elizabeth Barrett Browning from 1839 until her marriage in 1845, and she assisted him in the writing of his volume of essays, A New Spirit of the Age. An uncommon EBB item

      [Bookseller: James Cummins Bookseller]
 42.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        Turkistan: Notes of a Journey in Russian Turkistan, Khokand, Bukhara, and Kuldja [2 vols]

      New York: Scribner, Armstrong & Co, 1877. Bound in brown cloth with gilt & black decoration to front boards and spine; blindstamping to rear boards. Illustrated throught. 3 folding maps, 2 in volume 1, 1 in volume 2. Both volumes Very Good with only light wear to outer extremities & head & heel of spines. Some light scuffing along spine edges. Age darkening to page edges; upper page edges somewhat soiled. There are faint inkstamps to endpages in both volumes. Light scratching to front board of volume 1. Isolated soiling to front board of volume 2; light scratching to rear board of volume 2. These books are in excellent condition considering age.. First Edition. Decorated Boards. 8vo - over 7¾" - 9¾" tall.

      [Bookseller: Contact Editions]
 43.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        The Works of Shakspere

      London, Virtue & Co., , [1877?]. Imperial Edition. Edited by Charles Knight. With Illustrations on Steel from pictures by C. W. Cope; W. P. Frith; C. R. Leslie; D. Maclise; E. M. Ward; C. Clint; H. S. Marks; W. Q. Orchardson, and others. In two volumes. 2 volumes, folio. Publisher&#39;s red hard-grain morocco, elaborate decoration and lettering to spines gilt, raised bands, lettering, decoration and Shakespeare portrait to spines gilt, all edges gilt. Engraved titles, engraved frontispieces (the first the Chandos portrait) and 37 engraved plates. Minor shelf wear, minor foxing to edges of some plates. A very attractive set in very good condition. This magnificent illustrated edition is the chief legacy of the author and publisher Charles Knight (1791&#150;1873), first issued in fifty-six parts (in eight volumes) in 1838&#150;43. "He started searching for &#39;authentic&#39; visual materials and began a critical reading of the texts. His edition was based substantially &#150; indeed, too substantially &#150; on the first folio edition, although he made comparisons with other quartos and, in some cases, with originals in the British Museum. His background reading led to a deep interest in Shakespeare&#39;s life... Knight succeeded in contextualizing Shakespeare&#39;s life as no biographer except Nathan Drake had done, and in dismissing a couple of the more absurd legends surrounding the playwright&#39;s early life" (ODNB).

      [Bookseller: Peter Harrington]
 44.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        Gen. John J. Pershing Says Farewell to One of His World War I Commanders Upon His Retirement

      James Dean Tilford was born in 1877 at Fort Lincoln, Nebraska, where his father (who was one of Custer&#39;s senior commanders) was serving with the 7th U.S. Cavalry. He joined the U.S. Army in 1898 and saw service during the Spanish-American War and in the Philippines during the insurrection. He was involved in the Ute Indian Campaign in South Dakota in 1907, the second Cuban Intervention in 1908 and was in Mexico in 1914 with the force commanded by General John J. Pershing. While in Cuba, he superintended the return of the remains of the USS Maine to the United States. When the U.S. entered World War I, Tilford was a major of cavalry and was quickly promoted to Colonel in command of the 314th Ammunition Train, 89th Infantry Division. He served in the St. Mihiel offensive and the Toul Sector, then was part of the post-war occupation force. In 1923, his health led him to resign.& General Pershing knew Tilford well, from during the incursion in Mexico. Here he bids Tilford a farewell from the U.S. Army.& Typed Letter Signed on his Chief of Staff letterhead, Washington, March 1, 1923, to Tilford. "It is with regret that I note your retirement from active service on account of physical disability. I trust that being relieved from the exacting requirements of military service, you will fully regain your health, and good fortune will attend you in the new sphere of life which you have entered." We obtained this letter from the Tilford descendants and it has never before been offered for sale.

      [Bookseller: The Raab Collection]
 45.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        The Life of John Mytton Esq

      London: George Routledge and Sons, 1877. xi, [1], 234pp, later full morocco, raised bands, spine in six panels, title in gilt to second panel, author to fourth, remaining panels with central sporting motif inside a lozenge with a double border, covers with an inner panel made up of four corner lozenges, again with a sporting motif, joined by double fillet, with a double fillet border, the upper cover has an onlaid morocco design of Mytton on his horse, gilt roll to edge and inner edge with tulip head corner pieces, a.e.g., marbled endpapers. Rebacked, with the original spine laid on, slightly rubbed to extremities. Internally, the letterpress title is chipped to fore-edge with some loss, as are A and A2, otherwise quite bright and clean. The original cloth has been bound in at the rear. With eighteen hand-coloured plates (as called for). Fourth edition of this popular book, in an attractive binding by Bayntun. Schwerdt I-38-9, Abbey Life 385 and Tooley 67 (all for earlier editions). Reprint. Full Morocco. Good. Illus. by Alken, H. And Rawlins, T.J.. 8vo.

      [Bookseller: Temple Rare Books]
 46.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        Benjamin Harrison Signed Photograph Chronicling the End of the Last Great British-American Dispute

      Benjamin Harrison Signed Photograph Chronicling the End of the Last Great British-American Dispute.& Signed by President Benjamin Harrison, Chief Justice Melville Fuller, Justice David Brewer, judges, counsel and diplomats for both sides& & In the late 19th century, Venezuela&#39;s claim to the Essequibo region of British Guiana was very much in dispute. Historical and cultural dissimilarities between Venezuela and the latter nation explained this to some extent, as British Guiana represented for Venezuela the unfair intrusion of a colonial power into the Caribbean region. In 1877, the Venezuelans unsuccessfully proposed to the British that both countries should take the existing border dispute to arbitration for a final settlement. During the same time, the Venezuelans also began to woo the support of the United States, which initially refused to become involved. In 1895, however, the Cleveland administration determined to goad Great Britain into accepting arbitration to settle the disputed boundary. In July, the U.S. Secretary of State, Richard Olney, presented to the British government a statement protesting against the enlargement of British Guiana at the expense of Venezuela, and suggesting that the British had violated the Monroe Doctrine. On December 7, Prime Minister Lord Salisbury replied, countering Olney&#39;s contentions and denying that the Monroe Doctrine was applicable to the border dispute. Cleveland was defiant and asked Congress to establish a commission to investigate the question. This amounted to an intention to make a decision without British participation and resulted in talk of war on both sides of the Atlantic. In January 1896, the U.S./Venezuelan Boundary Commission was established, headed by David J. Brewer, a Justice of the Supreme Court. Then fate stepped in to end this confrontation, the last major one between the future allies. The British were having serious problems in South Africa, problems that would soon lead to the Boer War. Just after the U.S. set up the Boundary Commission, the German Kaiser issued a strong statement supporting the Boers, and many saw this as a threat of war by Germany on Great Britain. Venezuela quickly became a sideshow as the British concluded it was much more important to win the support of the U.S. in case a European conflict should break out. It agreed to arbitrate the Venezuela matter.& & Discussions were opened between Great Britain and Venezuela, with the encouragement of the United States, and they finally reached an agreement. By the Treaty of Washington signed on February 2, 1897, both parties concluded that the decision of an arbitration tribunal would be a "full, perfect, and final settlement" of the border dispute. The arbitration panel consisted of five members - two chosen by Venezuela (U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice Melville Fuller and Associate Justice David Brewer), two by Britain (Lord Justice and Privy Councilor Richard Henn Collins and Chief Justice, Lord Charles Russell), and a Russian, Frederic de Martens, selected jointly by the other four members. Britain was represented by a four-man counsel team: Attorney-General Sir Richard E. Webster, former Attorney-General Sir Robert T. Reid, G. R. Askwith and Sir S.A.T. Rowlatt. Venezuela was also represented by four counsel: former President Benjamin Harrison, former Secretary of the U.S./Venezuelan Boundary Commission Severo Mallet-Prevost, former U.S. Secretary of War Benjamin T. Tracy, and James Russel Soley. Meeting in Paris from June to September 1899, the tribunal arrived at a decision and the matter was settled. The result was a compromise settlement that was perhaps more generous to Britain than expected.& & A large 10 by 14 inch black and white photograph by portrait photographer and pioneer filmmaker Eugene Pirou of Paris, put to a 15 by 18 inch mat, showing 28 of the notables gathered for the Arbitration Tribunal, and signed by all. Included are each of the eight counsel that argued the case (Harrison, Mallet-Prevost, Tracy, Soley, Webster, Reid, Askwith, and Rowlatt), three of the judges (Fuller, Brewer and Collins), Sir Everard Im Thurn (British diplomat, later governor of Fiji), Sir John A.C. Tilley (British diplomat, later Ambassador to Tokyo), American cartographer and explorer Marcus Baker (who had worked for the U.S./Venezuela Commission - a mountain in Alaska is named after him), C. Alexander Harris (British author of "Sketch map of the territory in dispute between Venezuela and British Guiana," later governor of Newfoundland), French diplomat and conference host Jean- Jules Jusserand (later ambassador to the U.S., where he helped secure the entry of the United States into World War I), and 12 others. Photographer Pirot was one of France&#39;s first filmmakers, showing his premier movie at the Café de la Paix in April 1896. His documentary of the 1896 visit of Tsar Nicholas II to France may have been the first film of that kind.

      [Bookseller: The Raab Collection]
 47.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        The Adventures of Tom Sawyer

      Belford Brothers, Publishers, 1877 First Canadian Edition. Octavo. 341 pages. Original cloth spine and front cover bound-in at rear. Twentieth-century three-quarter autumn morocco, gilt. Some rubbing to binding. Near fine. Very Rare! ; 8vo 8" - 9" tall

      [Bookseller: Jans Collectables]
 48.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  

______________________________________________________________________________


      Home     Wants Manager     Library Search     562 Years   Links     Contact      Search Help      Terms of Service      Privacy     


Copyright © 2018 viaLibri™ Limited. All rights reserved.