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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1874

        NEWTON'S PRINCIPIA, THE MATHEMATICAL PRINCIPLES OF NATURAL PHILOSOPHY, By SIR ISAAC NEWTON ; Translated into English By Andrew Motte. TO WHICH IS ADDED NEWTON'S SYSTEM OF THE WORLD ; With a Portrait Taken from the Bust in the Royal Observatory of Greenwich. First American Edition, Carefully Revised and Corrected, With a Life of the Author, By N. W. Chittenden, M. A. , & c

      New York: Daniel Adee, 176 Fulton Street [1874]. Later printing. 4, v-vii, [1-blank], [9]-581 pages. 8vo. Original green cloth with salmon endpapers. Gilt titles and spine decoration head and tail.Fraying to head of spine panel, with top 1 3/4 inches of front joint cloth wearing through. Front hinge paper cracked. Rear hinge sound. A few signatures starting to come loose, partially separating from the stitching. Still a fundamentally sound copy noting a few dings to the board edges. Engraved portrait frontispiece of Sir Isaac Newton. Corner tips turned with minor wear, minor shelf wear overall.Previous owner's name on front pastedown endpaper. Cloth. Although the title page notes "First American Edition" and the copyright page is dated 1846, this is a later printing, published circa 1874 based on lack of portrait subscription or date, 176 Fulton Street address and lack of title page date (see Wallis & Wallis 27.2, Cohen #3). The First American edition was first published in 1848 (NOT 1846) and first editions are routinely mis-identified based on the copyright page information. The work was reprinted for many years from the same stereotype, issues differing only by date (or absence of date), publisher, publisher's address, and portrait subscription (or lack thereof). In 1970 scholar and historian I.B.Cohen in ''The American editions of Newton's Principia'' (Wallis 62.472) provided a much needed guide which updated Babson and Gray's work on this title.Cohen's work was updated by and subsequently incorporated into Wallis's "Newton and Newtoniana 1672-1975, A Bibliography" by Peter and Ruth Wallis (See 26, 27.2, 62.472). See also Babson 23; Gray 26 both referring to the first American Edition. As is often the case with American cloth bindings from this period, this work is hard to find in nice condition, and this example exhibits the usual wear to the binding. Good.

      [Bookseller: Kuenzig Books ABAA]
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      Macmillan and Co., London 1874 - Rossetti, Christina. SPEAKING LIKENESSES. London: Macmillan and Co., 1874. First edition, first issue. 12mo - 5-1/16" x 7-3/8". Royal-blue cloth covered boards with bright gilt decoration and lettering to upper board and spine with touches of shelf wear, wear to the head and tail of spine and a slightly sunned spine for what is a bright, clean copy of the book. AEG. Chocolate brown endpapers. 96 pp. Illustrated with tissue-guarded frontis and title page vignette, plus ten additional illustrations, all by Arthur Hughes. The condition of the book is VERY GOOD +. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Wallace & Clark, Booksellers]
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        First Melbourne General Catalogue of 1227 Stars, for the Epoch 1870, Deduced from Observations Extending from 1863 to 1870 made at the Melbourne Observatory / Scond Melbourne general Catalogue of 1211 Stars for the Epoch 1880

      John Ferres, Government Printer 1874,1889. - 63,63 Seiten; Das hier angebotene Buch stammt aus einer teilaufgelösten wissenschaftlichen Bibliothek und trägt die entsprechenden Kennzeichnungen (Rückenschild, Instituts-Stempel.). Buchschnitt und Seitenränder alters-/papierbedingt angebräunt; Einbandkanten sind leicht bestossen; der Buchzustand ist ansonsten ordentlich und dem Alter entsprechend gut. Sprache: Englisch Gewicht in Gramm: 1060

      [Bookseller: Petra Gros]
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        Cabinet Card Photograph of Charles Darwin

      London: Elliott & Fry, 1874. Near Fine. Cabinet card. Image size 4" x 5.75" on a slightly larger card. Captioned "Darwin" under the image. Photographer's marks below the image and on the verso. The image is crisp and very near fine. Darwin with long white beard is pictured from the chest up and from the side.

      [Bookseller: Between the Covers- Rare Books, Inc. ABA]
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        Translations from the Hakayit Abdulla Bin Abdulkar Munshi

      First English Translation. 8vo. Modern quarter morocco, red morocco label with gilt lettering to spine, half title, photo lithographic frontispiece, pages browned. viii, 349pp. London, Henry S. King & Co.

      [Bookseller: Maggs Bros. Ltd.]
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        Sochinenija V. Belinskij v 12 tomah = Collected Works by V. G. Belinsky in 12 volumes.

      Moskva: A. I. Mamontov, 1874-1881.(). 12 vols., mixed editions but uniform set. 8vo. vol. 1 with frontispiece and portrait of the author. Inscription in ink by the author on frontispiece verso dated 1882. Text in Russian. Very good in green cloth with lettering and decoration in gilt and black; faded marbled edges, extremities lightly rubbed. Vol. 2: light foxing to f.e.p and title page; underlining and markings in pencil on some pages. Vol. 3: light foxing throughout; underlining and writings in pencil on some pages and on f.e.p. Vol. 4: underlining and writings in pencil on some pages and on f.e.p. Vol. 5: underlining and markings on some pages. Vol. 8: underlining and writings in pencil on some pages and on f.e.p. Vol. 10: light foxing throughout. Extra shipping charges will apply.

      [Bookseller: Wittenborn Art Books]
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        Rivista penale di Dottrina, Legislazione e Giurisprudenza diretta da Luigi LUCCHINI con la scorta e la collaborazione di molti criminalisti italiani e stranieri

      Salmin - Utet. Collezione che parte dal primo anno volume 1 del 1874 all'anno 1964 con alcuni anni mancanti, uniti i supplementi dal volume 1 del 1892 al volume 26 del 1917. Riparte poi in fascicoli dal 1924 fino 1930, dal 1932 fino al 1936, 1942, dal 1946 al 1951, dal 1953 al 1956, dal 1959 al 1964. Fino al 1918 i volumi sono rilegati con un elegante mezza pergamena con tasselli in pelle e titolo in oro Sono rilegati in cartone editoriale gli anni 1888 e 1889 e è in fascicoli il 1913. Mancano gli anni 1931,1937, 1938, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1952, 1957, 1958. Alcune annate sono prive di indice generale.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Baduel]
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        La guerre franco-allemande.

      1874 - Berlin, Paris, E. Siegfried, J. Dumaine, 1874-1882; grands in8, VII + 640pp+180ff + de 641 à 1421pp+de 181ff à 357ff + 556pp+228ff+IX+de 557 à 1111pp+de 229 à 502ff + XV+de 1112 à1466pp+de 503 à 1003ff, reliures demi-chagrin tabac de l'époque, dos à nerfs, titre auteur et tomaisons frappés or au dos. Les 5 volumes. Le monument de la guerre de 1870 !!! Volume I : Première partie Histoire de la guerre jusqu'à la chute de l'empire. Premier volume. Du début des hostilités à la bataille de Gravelotte, édité en 1874. Volume II : Première partie Histoire de la guerre jusqu'à la chute de l'empire. Deuxième volume. De la bataille de Gravelotte à la chute de l'empire, édité en 1875. Volume III : Seconde partie Histoire de la guerre contre la république. Premier volume. Depuis l'investissement de Paris jusqu'à la reprise d'Orléans par les allemands, édité en 1878. Volume IV : Seconde partie Histoire de la guerre contre la république. Deuxième volume. (IVe volume de l'ouvrage complet) Evénements dans le nord de la France depuis la fin de novembre dans le nord ouest depuis le commencement de décembre et siège de paris depuis le commencement de décembre jusqu'à l'Armistice. Opérations dans le sud-estdu milieu de décembre au milieu de janvier, édité en 1880. Volume V : Seconde partie Histoire de la guerre contre la république. Troisième volume (Ve et dernier de l'ouvrage complet) Les événements dans le sud-est de la france depuis le milieu de janvier jusqu'à la cessation des hostilités. Les communications avec l'arrière. L'armistice. Marche rétrograde et occupation. Coup d'oeil rétrospectif, édité en 1882. Cet ensemble est agrémenté de l'ensemble des cartes, plans et croquis,en couleurs, en noir et dépliants. Soit au total 67 !! L'ensemble est complet, ce qui est incroyable, et collationné bien sûr. la traduction de Paul-Emile Costa de Serda de cette immense ouvrage rédigé par la Section historique du grand état major prussien est la référence suprême. A noter que c'est le Capitaine Ch. Kussler, professeur d'allemand à l'école supérieure de guerre, qui termina l'ouvrage (dernier volume). L'amateur de 70 appréciera?.

      [Bookseller: Librairie Moresi]
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        Dictionnaire raisonné du mobilier français de l?époque carlovingienne à la renaissance par M. Viollet-le-Duc, architecte. Deuxième édition. En 6 volumes, complet.

      Paris, Veuve A. Morel et Cie., 1874, - gr. in-8vo, (24.5 x 17 cm), 2 ff. (faux-titre, titre) + 443 p. illustrées + 28 planches gravées hors texte / 2 ff. (faux-titre, titre) + 536 p. + 28 pl. gr. / 2 ff. (faux-titre, titre) + 478 p. + 1 f. + 13 pl. gr. / 2 ff. (faux-titre, titre) + 506 p. + 1 f. + 3 pl. gr. / 2 ff. (faux-titre, titre) + 498 p. + 1 f. + 8 pl. gr. / 2 ff. (faux-titre, titre) + 489 p. + 10 pl. gr., reliure en demi-cuir d?époque, dos avec cinq nerfs, titre doré, Bon état. Contient 90 belles planches gravées hors texte (dont certaines en couleur), plus un grand nombre d?illustrations in-texte.Please notify before visiting to see a book. Prices are excl. VAT/TVA (only Switzerland) & postage.

      [Bookseller: Harteveld Rare Books Ltd.]
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        Gems from the Diamond Land

      [1874]. 1874 - Souvenirs of the Diggers' Life. 18 photographs (2 panoramic), 17 mounted on card, titled in manuscript. Image size: 205 by 140mm. Loosely inserted into a plum cloth album, spine missing, some occasional foxing to backing card, small tear with minor loss (15 by 20mm) to image 15. Some images faded & scratched. Kimberley, Eighteen rare and interesting shots of diamond mining in South Africa. Although the first diamond miners were active in Pniel and Klipdrift as early as 1867, the rush really began with the discovery of the Star of Africa, a diamond weighing over eighty carats in 1869. Shortly afterwards, diamonds were discovered at Kimberley, then known as Colsberg Koppie. By the end of 1871, over 30,000 men were mining (and panning) the area including the Vaal, Modder and Orange Rivers. These shots document the early days of diamond mining in Klipdrift, Pniel, Du Toits and Kimberely before the De Beers consolidation. They include a variety of images depicting the daily life of the miners, the steady expansion of works and the concomitant development of infrastructure as the years progressed. The images are as follows: 1. Klipdrift Scene of the first Diamond Diggings. 2. Pniel Diggings. Klipdrift in the Distance. 3. Old De Beers Diggings. 4. Du Toits Pan. The first of the Dry Diggings from the Pan. 5. New Rush Kopje While being prospected in July 1871 (After painting). 6. New Rush a roadway in . 1871. 7. New Rush. the erection of staging. Aug 1872. 8.The Mine Kimberley. 1872 (Folding. Unmounted with pencil title to rear.) 9. New Rush. A General View of Roads in Aug. 1872. 10. The Circular Road. New Rush. 11. New Rush. Interior of Mine. With so. reef staying. Jan 1873. 12. New Rush. The last of the red stuff - Surface soil. July 1873. 13. New Rush. Panorama of Mine from the South Corner. March 1874. (Folding). 14. New Rush. The North Reef with water in the mine. April 1874. 15. New Rush. General view of the interior from South. May 1874. 16. New Rush Camp. From . (3 sections, folding).17. Our Labourers.18. Homeward Bound. The Passenger Wagon. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Maggs Bros. Ltd ABA, ILAB, PBFA, BA]
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        The heart of Africa three years' travels and adventures in the unexplored regions of central Africa from 1868 to 1871.

      New York Harper 1874 - First U. S. edition, 2 volumes, 8vo, viii, 559; x, 521pp., 6 pages ads at end, 2 frontispieces, 2 maps (1 folding), 24 full-page plates (1 in colour), numerous text illustrations throughout, original green cloth gilt, gilt pictorial vignette to upper cover, neatly recased, light wear, a very good set. "At the Universities of Heidelberg and Munich, Schweinfurth specialized in geology and botany. An 1862 specimen-collecting trip up the Nile River to Khartoum won him support from a Berlin scientific institute for more extensive exploration in the equatorial area of Africa, in what is now the Central African Republic and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. He sailed south from Suez in the late summer of 1868 and reached the Nile via an overland route from the coast. From Khartoum he continued south in January 1869, then joined a group of ivory traders heading west through regions inhabited by the Dyoor, Dinka, Bongo, and Niam-Niam tribes; later, he reached the unknown kingdom of the cannibalistic Monbuttoo. On 19 March 1870, Schweinfurth discovered the Uele River, which would prove to be an important tributary of the Congo. He arrived back in Khartoum on 21 July 1871. The record of his journey was published in an English translation in the same year it appeared in German. As a trained botanist and accomplished artist, Schweinfurth expanded knowledge of the flora and fauna of central Africa as well as the ethnology of its inhabitants. He was the first European to encounter the Akka Pygmies of East Africa—settling the question raised by Homer and Herodotus of the existence of dwarf races in Africa—and the Mittoo and Loobah tribes between the White Nile and the upper Congo, among whom women practice lip enlargement to enhance their appearance." (John Delaney, To the Mountains of the Moon). Gay 2568. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Shapero Rare Books]
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        Liebig Serie 6 Bilder : Genrebilder X 10 - spanische Volksszenen ( Arnhold 18 Sanguinetti 79 ).

      Paris : 1874.- 6 Bilder (Chromolithographien), H 7 x 11 cm. - Guter Zustand. Kultur- und Sittengeschichte , Kinder, Spanien, Sammelbild, Liebig, Liebig's Fleisch-Extract, Liebigs Fleischextrakt, Liebig-Sammelbilder, Liebigs, Kaufmannsbilder

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Labyrinth]
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        Collezione completa di tutti gli Annuari della Società degli Alpinisti Tridentini - SAT. A RICHIESTA FORNIAMO LA DESCRIZIONE DETTAGLIATA DELLA RACCOLTA.

      Sociatà Alpina del Trentino, Trento (fino al 1875) - Società degli Alpinisti Tridentini, Trento (dal 1876). 26 volumi di vario formato da 18 a 24 cm. La raccolta è mediamente ben conservata. INSIEME DI ECCEZIONALE RARITA' questa collezione completa dei XXVI Annuari Società degli Alpinisti Tridentini già Società alpina del Trentino dal numero I del 1874 al numero XXVI del 1931. Sono presenti tutti i volumi compresi i più rari completi di tutte le tavole e le carte secondo l'Indice delle illustrazioni contenute nei ventisei Annuari della Società degli Alpinisti Tridentini: (I - 1874 - XXVI - 1930/31) di Gastone Mingardi che offriamo in omaggio oltre al lotto. A RICHIESTA FORNIAMO LISTA DETTAGLIATA DELLA COLLEZIONE.

      [Bookseller: Studio Bibliografico Adige]
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        History of the Reign of Philip the Second King of Spain

      London: George Routledge and Sons. First edition. Octavo, bound in full morocco, gilt titles to the spine, raised bands, all edges gilt, inner dentelles, frontispiece of Queen Mary. Inscribed by Queen Victoria to her son-in-law, "To dear Lorne, from his very affect. Mama, V. R., Christmas 1874." An ownership inscription in pencil on the opposite page notes, "Bought at Sotheby's sale Feb. 23rd 1948 of the Duke of Kent's books, Lot 42." The recipient, John Campbell, 9th Duke of Argyll, Marquess of Lorne, was the husband of Victoria's daughter Princess Louise; he served as the governor general of Canada from 1878 to 1883. In near fine condition.

      [Bookseller: Raptis Rare Books]
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        The First Book of Records of the Town of Southampton with Other Ancient Documents of Historic Value

      John H. Hunt, Book and Job Printer, Sag-Harbor, NY 1874 - First edition. Half diced leather with leather spine label gilt and linen cloth boards. 177 pp. Hairline crack to the front joint and a stain on the rear board, else a tight and attractive, very good copy. Exceptionally uncommon. OCLC locates three copies, no auction records in the last several decades. [Attributes: First Edition]

      [Bookseller: Between the Covers-Rare Books, Inc. ABAA]
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        "Anorexia nervosa (apepsia hysterica, anorexia hysterica)"; In: Transactions of the Clinical Society. Vol 7

      London: Longmans, Green, and Co. 1874. 8vo. Gull's paper is on pp. 22-28, illustrated by three plates, each showing two women. Entire volume: [cxvii], 189 pp. Original cloth. Gull had first referred to the disease that he observed mostly in women, and characterized by extreme emaciation, in a paper addressed to the British Medical Association in 1868 (the condition had been described in the 17th century by Robert Morton, but had remained largely unstudied until Gull). Gull named the disease Apepsia hysterica at the time, soon changing it to Anorexia hysteria, and finally to Anorexia nervosa. He describes three cases in this seminal paper: those of Miss A, Miss B, and an unnamed patient. The plates show the condition of the young women, and thus are the first identified depictions of the disease. Garrison-Morton-Norman 4845. ¼ -in. cut on spine affecting title, wear at ends of spine, hinges cracked; small chip to fore-edges of some leaves (not affecting Gull's paper) / From the Collection of Allan B. Kirsner, M.D.

      [Bookseller: Riverrun Books & Manuscripts]
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        The Scarlet Shawl. A novel.

      Tinsley Brothers, London(1874). First edition of Jefferies' first novel, published at the author's own expense; this copy being Miller & Matthews third variant, with the uncorrected dedication leaf and without advertisements. 8vo. 309pp. Professionally re-cased retaining the original decorated cloth but with new endpapers. Just a touch of very minor soiling to several leaf margins. A very good copy of an extremely uncommon book - rarely found in the original binding, this example admittedly having undergone some careful restoration. Former owner bookplate to front pastedown. Miller & Matthews (B4.3) estimate a print run of 500 copies, issued in three batches in July 1874, spring 1875 and this third one sometime afterwards but before August 1877.. Book Condition: Very Good. Binding: Hardcover

      [Bookseller: Clearwater Books]
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        Ismailia A narrative of the expedition to Central Africa for the suppression of the slave trade. Organized by Ismail, Khedive of Egypt.

      London Macmillan and Co 1874 - First edition. 2 volumes, 8vo., viii, 447; viii, 588 pp., 2 portrait frontispieces, numerous wood-engraved plates, 2 maps (1 large folding), original green cloth gilt, light wear to extremities, an excellent example. In 1869, Baker, one of the greatest explorers of Africa, was appointed by the Khedive Isma'il to a four-year term as governor-general of the equatorial Nile basin, with the rank of pasha and major-general in the Ottoman army. It was the most senior post a European ever received under an Egyptian administration. According to the khedive's firman, Baker's duties included annexing the equatorial Nile basin, establishing Egyptian authority over the region south of Gondokoro, suppressing the slave trade, introducing cotton cultivation, organizing a network of trading stations throughout the annexed territories, and opening the great lakes near the equator to navigation. The expedition produced mixed results. Although he had suppressed the slave trade in some areas and had extended the khedive's authority to Gondokoro and Fatick, he had failed to pacify the lawless region between these two places. Moreover, he was unable to annex the wealthy kingdoms of Bunyoro and Buganda. Despite Baker's dubious performance, the khedive bestowed on him the imperial order of the Osmanieh, second class. Baker received a hero's welcome on his return to England. Apart from various glowing newspaper accounts of his travels, the prince of Wales met him to learn first hand of his experiences in Africa. On 8 December 1873 he received an enthusiastic reception at the Royal Geographical Society, and the following year he published the present account which further enhanced his popularity. Blackmer 66; Hilmy I, 49 (later edition); Czech p11. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Shapero Rare Books]
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        Neue Apparate zur Bestimmung des Brechungs- und Zerstreuungsvermögens fester und flüssiger Körper.

      Jena. Z. Naturw.,8. - Jena, Mauke's Verlag, 1874, 8, 1874, 8, (4), 79, (1) pp., 7 Fig., 1 gefalt. von Ernst Abbe gezeichnete lith. Tafel mit 6 Figuren mit zahlr. Details, Halbleinenband d.Zt. ExLibris u. St. v. Hubert de Martin. ERNST ABBE DESIGNED THE FIRST REFRACTOMETER !Erster Buchausgabe - "Aus der Jenaischen Zeitschrift für Naturwissenschaft besonders abgedruckt".Ernst Abbe (1840-1905) hatte "bereits 1872 in einem Vortrag vor der medizinisch-naturwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft zu Jena und im August des gleichen Jahres auf der 45. Versammlung deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte in Leipzig sein Refraktometer der Fachwelt vorstellte. Abbe selbst beschrieb dieses Instrument zur Flüssigkeitsmessung erstmalig ausführlich 1874 und gab dabei die Entstehungszeit mit 1869 an: "Ich habe diese Methode... seit dem Jahre 1869, zuerst zur Bestimmung von Balsamen und Harzen benutzt und zu ihrer bequemen Anwendung besondere Apparate - Refractometer - construiert, durch welche es möglich gemacht wird, bei jeder flüssigen oder halbflüssigen Substanz den Brechungsexponenten und, wenn nötig, auch die Dispersion, durch die einfachsten Manipulationen zu bestimmen. Dabei genügt ein einziger Tropfen der betreffenden Flüssigkeit, die in dickeren Schichten beliebig undurchsichtig sein kann. Die ganze Beobachtung besteht in einer einzigen kunstlosen Einstellung und in der nachfolgenden Ablesung an einem Gradbogen oder an einer Mikrometerscala, welche Ablesung den gesuchten Brechungsexponenten unmittelbar, d.h. ohne jede Rechnung, ergibt. - Im Folgenden gebe ich die ausführliche Beschreibung dieses Refractometers in drei voneinander abweichenden, verschiedenen Zwecken angepaßten Formen. Schließlich sei noch bemerkt, daß alle in diesem Aufsatz beschriebenen Apparate in der optischen Werkstatt des Herrn CARL ZEISS in Jena zu wiederholten Malen ausgeführt und die meisten davon auch schon seit einigen Jahren, sowohl von mir wie von Anderen, im wirklichen Gebrauch erprobt worden sind." Wie sahen nun diese ersten Refraktometer aus? "Nach ABBE's Beschreibung von 1874 besitzen sie alle die Merkmale, die ein Refraktometer zur Messung des Grenzwinkels auszeichnen: Meßprisma (bzw. Doppelprisma) zum Kontakt mit der Probe, Fernrohr zur Beobachtung der Grenzlinie, Vorrichtung zur Winkelmessung und evtl, einen Kompensator zur Beseitigung der Farbränder an der Grenzlinie. Dabei ist interessant, festzustellen, daß die ersten Refraktometer sich noch stark an die von Spektrometern her gewohnte Art der Messung anlehnen: Zwischen die beiden polierten Hypotenusenflächen eines auf geschnittenen Glasblocks wird die Probeflüssigkeit als dünne planparallele Schicht eingebracht. Ihre Brechzahl sei kleiner als die des Glases. Wird der Glasblock von einem Kollimator beleuchtet, so erkennt man bei nicht zu großem Einfallswinkel d den Kollimatorspalt, im Unendlichen liegend, genau so, wie wenn der Glasblock keine Flüssigkeitsschicht in sich bergen würde. Überschreitet aber d den Grenzwinkel der Totalreflexion, der durch das Verhältnis der Brechzahlen von Glas und Flüssigkeit festgelegt ist, so wird das Doppelprisma vollkommen undurchsichtig. Durch Umkehrung des Strahlenganges kam Abbe zu noch einfacheren Formen. Er ließ die Beleuchtung diffus, von einer ausgedehnten Lichtquelle, erfolgen und der Kollimator wurde nach Ansetzen eines Okulars zum Beobachtungsfernrohr. Bei dieser Anordnung läßt sich der Hell-Dunkel- Übergang noch besser beobachten, wenn man den ursprünglichen Kollimator-spalt herausnimmt und zum Zwecke der genauen Meßeinstellung durch ein Strichkreuz ersetzt. Selbstverständlich hat Abbe die Dispersionswirkung bei diesen Anordnungen untersucht und ist ihr in sehr geschickter Weise begegnet. Er benutzte ein aus mehreren Prismen zusammengesetztes, um die Fernrohrachse drehbares 'Amici'sches Prisma', das für Natrium-Licht geradsichtig ist, aber für alle anderen Farben je nach seiner Stellung eine Ablenkung ergibt. Dieser 'Kompensator' war zuerst unmittelbar hinter dem Okular, also zunächst dem Auge angebracht, aber schon im 'großen Abbe-Refraktometer' von 1874 ist er vor das Fernrohrobjektiv gesetzt und mit einer Skala zur Messung des Drehwinkels versehen worden. Der Teilkreis der Refraktometer war von Anfang an nicht in Winkelgraden, sondern direkt in Brechzahlen geteilt. Dies war möglich einmal durch die berechenbare Beziehung zwischen Winkeldehnung und Brechzahl der Probe, die durch die Eigenschaften des Meßprismas festgelegt ist, und zum anderen durch die hohe Empfindlichkeit, die eine Noniusanzeige überflüssig machte. Abbe hat zugleich mit der Beschreibung des Gerätes eine genaue Anleitung für das praktische Messen sowohl für die Brechzahl nD als auch für die mittlere Dispersion nF - nC angegeben. Damit lag die vollständige Konzeption für das Abbe-Refraktometer in einer Form vor, in der auch heute noch Abbe-Refraktometer - wenn auch in technisch wesentlich verbesserter Ausführung gebaut werden... In den Jahren zwischen 1874 und 1889 finden wir keine weiteren wesentlichen Weiterentwicklungen der vorhandenen Refraktometer. Der Grund ist leicht erklärlich: Für Abbe selbst waren die Refraktometer Mittel zum Zwecke der Prüfung von Gläsern für die Mikroskop-Objektive, Immersionsflüssigkeiten usw., also in jedem Falle Werkstattprüfgeräte bzw. zweckgebundene Forschungsgeräte. Die von ihm entworfenen Modelle erfüllten diesen Zweck in bequemster Weise. Er hatte für Weiterentwicklungen in dieser Richtung keine Veranlassung und infolgedessen auch keine Zeit in Anbetracht seiner Verpflichtungen als Universitätslehrer und als Wissenschaftler des inzwischen (1890) über 400 Beschäftigte zählenden Jena-Betriebes."Mit solchen Instrumenten ... "untersuchte Abbe die Brechungseigenschaften verschiedener Flüssigkeiten, die in Versuchsausführungen von Mikro-Objektiven mit Flüssigkeiten verwendet wurden und damit die später eingeführten Apochromate vorbereiteten." E.H. Schmitz, Handbuch Geschichte der Optik, 3/B: Das XIX. Jahrhunder oder vom Pröbeln zum Rechnen (1983), Refraktometer - Interferometer, pp.681-689

      [Bookseller: MedicusBooks.Com]
 19.   Check availability:     Link/Print  

        I Tasmaniani cenni storici ed Etnologici di un Popolo Estinto.

      Fratelli Treves, Milan 1874 - Octavo, 160 pp., numerous xylographic illustrations, in an early pebbled cloth binding; neat blind stamp to title. Very rare: the great anthropolgist Enrico Hillyer Giglioli's account of the Tasmanian Aborigines. Enrico Giglioli (1845-1909) was an Italian zoologist and anthropologist, director of the Florence Royal Zoological Museum and an honorary member of the Royal Geographical Society. As a young man he had studied in London under luminaries such as T.H. Huxley, and immediately on his return to Italy in 1865 had been appointed to the Magenta for its important voyage of scientific discovery in Australia and the Pacific. During this voyage he visited both Melbourne and Sydney (although not Tasmania), and his association with some of the scientific establishment here piqued his interest in the Australian Aborigines. On his return he was appointed to the University of Turin to catalogue the vast collections made on the voyage, beginning a career as one of the pre-eminent ethnographers and biologists of his era. This major monograph on the Tasmanians was also one of his earliest publications, and is quite rare in any form.It was first published as a two-part essay in the Archivio per l'Antropologia e la Etnologia in 1871, and there may have been an offprint edition of that essay (records are a bit sketchy), but this 1874 edition is its first proper appearance as a book, heavily revised and expanded, notably with the addition of the map and many of the printed images. Provenance: With a Milan bookseller's sale receipt from 1942 tipped onto front endpaper, neat ex libris blind stamp to title Repairs to the endpapers at the gutters, some toning; a very good copy [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Hordern House Rare Books]
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        [Broadside]: Manuscript "Wanted Poster" for a U.S. Sailor who jumped ship in Japan

      Yokohama, Japan: U.S.S. Tuscorora, 1874. Near Fine. Manuscript "wanted poster" handwritten on an 8" x 12" sheet of lined paper by Lieutenant Commander Theodore F. Jewell, the Executive Officer of the U.S.S. Tuscorora. Old folds, otherwise clean and near fine with very little wear. The sailor who deserted the ship is identified as Ordinary Seaman James Slaven, a 32-year-old Irish native who bore tattoos on both hands (a shield and eagle on the left and a star on the right). The document is dated May 11th 1874 and offers a $10 reward for "the apprehension and delivery [of Slaven] on board this vessel." A note of receipt at the bottom of the document shows that the reward was paid to William Ford, who apparently apprehended Slaven.Jewell had a long and successful career in the navy, retiring as an admiral in 1904. This notice was posted shortly after Jewell and the Tuscorora played a significant roll in keeping the peace in Honolulu following the riots by disgruntled followers of the widow of King Kamehameha IV, after the legislature selected David Kalakaua, the son of the High Chief Caesar Kaluaiku Kapa'akea, to be the next king. Partly in gratitude for Jewell's assistance, the Hawaiian government granted the United States rights to establish a coaling and repair station on Oahu that would eventually become the Pearl Harbor Naval Station.

      [Bookseller: Between the Covers- Rare Books, Inc. ABA]
 21.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  

        Catalogue complet d’eaux-fortes originales et inédites Composées et Gravées par les Artistes eux-mêmes Avec douze planches types divers

      Paris, Cadart, 1874 - 54 pp, tables. Petit in-8 bradel, demi-percaline vert d’eau à coins, couverture conservée (signée Alfred Farges). Ex-libris symboliste gravé du grand bibliophile Victor Mercier. Rare publication de la maison Cadart illustrée d’eaux fortes originales, certaines avant la lettre, placées en hors-texte. Comme le précise Cadart dans sa préface, « ceci n’est pas un livre, c’est un catalogue » recensant toutes les publications de la maison Cadart de 1868 à 1874. Parmi les noms cités, on note au passage ceux de Jongkind, Martial, Corot, Manet, Meryon, Bracquemond, etc. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: L'Oeil de Mercure]
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        Alpine plants: figures and descriptions of some of the most striking and beautiful of the Alpine flowers. Vol. 1: Second edition / Vol. 2 (second series, first ed.). In 2 volumes complete.

      London, G. Bell, 1874, - Gr.-8vo (26:18,5 cm), XII + 152 S. / 2 Bll. + 140 S. Illustrated with 108 coloured (woodcut-) plates in chromotypie, 1 Exlibris: coats armes: ?Stephen Middleton? + 1 ex-libris ?Corbeille avec fleurs? sans nom. Original clothbound, gilt flowers on fist covers, spine gilt. Orig. spines mounted. Un très bel album sur la flore alpine. Rare et recherché. (Perret). Please notify before visiting to see a book. Prices are excl. VAT/TVA (only Switzerland) & postage. Nissen, BBI 2186; Stafleu-C. 18.285; Perret 4600 (seulement volume 1 (en première éd. de 1872). [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Harteveld Rare Books Ltd.]
 23.   Check availability:     ZVAB     Link/Print  

        The Narrinyeri. An Account of the Tribes of South Australian Aborigines inhabiting the Country around the Lakes Alexandrina, Albert, and Coorong, and the Lower Part of the River Murray: their Manners and Customs, also an Account of the Mission at Port Macleay

      Adelaide, J.T. Shawyer, Printer, 1874. Octavo, iv, [ii], 107 pages plus a frontispiece (an original albumen paper photograph, 184 x 113 mm). Recent quarter calf and marbled papered boards (with the binder's stamp of Bayntun of Bath); rear board slightly bowed; margins of the frontispiece mount a little chipped and discoloured; one page a little marked; a very good copy. The frontispiece, a Townsend Duryea photograph, is a composite of five numbered oval portraits; the identification key is printed on the verso of the title page. The blank recto of its mount has the contemporary ownership details of 'T R Sumner / Goolwa / July 1874' and other details dated 1979. In pencil in an early hand, upside down at the foot of this page, is a timeless quotation from the Book of Psalms: 'Is not the heathen to be given, even the uttermost part of the earth for his possession'.

      [Bookseller: Michael Treloar Antiquarian Booksellers]
 24.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  

        A Brief Sketch of the Long and Varied Career of Marshall MacDermott, Esq , JP, of Adelaide, South Australia

      Adelaide, William Kyffin Thomas, Printer [for The Author], 1874. Octavo, 53 pages. Flush-cut quarter green cloth and yellow papered boards, with the full title page details repeated on the front cover; covers slightly rubbed at the extremities and lightly marked; front flyleaf removed; an excellent copy. 'These papers are written solely for private distribution amongst relatives and special friends; and, as my family is rather numerous and dispersed, the necessity arises of having them printed'. This copy is inscribed on the verso of the title page to 'Charlotte de S. Dutton with kind regards' and signed by the author. MacDermott, an 1829 pioneer of Western Australia before settling in South Australia in 1846, died in 1877. The provenance is most interesting: Charlotte de S. Dutton was the widow of William Hampden Dutton (1805-1849); her mother's maiden name was Da Silva. In 1849, William's brother Francis Stacker Dutton (1818-1877) married MacDermott's daughter Caroline. The Duttons and their pastoral property, Anlaby, were household names in South Australia for generations; to put them into context, 'While working at Anlaby in 1842 Francis had discovered with Captain Charles Bagot the Kapunda copper mine' (Australian Dictionary of Biography).

      [Bookseller: Michael Treloar Antiquarian Booksellers]
 25.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  

        Le triomphe de l'Abbaye des Conards avec une Notice sur la Fête des Fous par Marc de Montifaud.

      - Paris, Jouaust, Librairie des Bibliophiles, 1874. In-12, XXXII-119-(1) pp., reliure demi-chagrin rouge à coins (Smeers), tête dorée (coiffes et faux-nerfs un peu frottés). Tirage limité à 320 exemplaires numérotés, ici UN DES 10 SUR PAPIER DE CHINE (n°4), tirage de tête. * Voir photographie(s) / See picture(s). *** Membre du SLAM et de la LILA / ILAB Member. La librairie est ouverte du mardi au samedi de 14h à 19h. Si vous souhaitez passer à la librairie pour un livre, merci de nous prévenir au préalable, l'ensemble du stock visible en ligne n'étant pas immédiatement consultable. *** Langue : Français

      [Bookseller: Chez les libraires associés]
 26.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  

        [Broadside]: Manuscript "Wanted Poster" for a U.S. Sailor who jumped ship in Japan

      Yokohama, Japan: U.S.S. Tuscorora, 1874. Near Fine. Manuscript "wanted poster" handwritten on an 8" x 12" sheet of lined paper by Lieutenant Commander Theodore F. Jewell, the Executive Officer of the U.S.S. Tuscorora. Old folds, otherwise clean and near fine with very little wear. The sailor who deserted the ship is identified as Ordinary Seaman James Slaven, a 32-year-old Irish native who bore tattoos on both hands (a shield and eagle on the left and a star on the right). The document is dated May 11th 1874 and offers a $10 reward for "the apprehension and delivery [of Slaven] on board this vessel." A note of receipt at the bottom of the document shows that the reward was paid to William Ford, who apparently apprehended Slaven.Jewell had a long and successful career in the navy, retiring as an admiral in 1904. This notice was posted shortly after Jewell and the Tuscorora played a significant roll in keeping the peace in Honolulu following the riots by disgruntled followers of the widow of King Kamehameha IV, after the legislature selected David Kalakaua, the son of the High Chief Caesar Kaluaiku Kapa'akea, to be the next king. Partly in gratitude for Jewell's assistance, the Hawaiian government granted the United States rights to establish a coaling and repair station on Oahu that would eventually become the Pearl Harbor Naval Station.

      [Bookseller: Between the Covers- Rare Books, Inc. ABA]
 27.   Check availability:     ABAA     Link/Print  

        The Tour of the World in Eighty Days. Translated by George M. Towle.

      Boston: James R. Osgood & Co. 1874 Front. (sketch of yacht 'Le Saint Michel' by Jules Verne), title printed in red & black. Orig. brown cloth, spine & front board lettered in gilt, front board pictorially blocked in gilt; v. sl. wear to head & tail of spine. Red edges. Contemp. signature in pencil of Chas. Phillips on initial blank. v.g.Le Tour du Mond en Quatre-Vingts Jours, 1873. The first edition in English was 1873, this translation, also published by Osgood & Co. Boston. This copy is effectively the second American edition. The same translation was published in England later in 1873, by Sampson Low. JVE V011. Myers 54.

      [Bookseller: Jarndyce Rare Books]
 28.   Check availability:     Direct From Seller     Link/Print  

        Our Neighbourhood" or Sketches in the Suburbs of Yedo.

      Yokohama: n.p.,, 1874. Octavo. Original blue sand-grain cloth neatly rebacked, blind panelling on covers, gilt lettering on front cover. 24 wood-engraved plates (most with loosely inserted tissue guard). A few stains and marks to covers, on plate with a touch of pencilled colour, some light signs of handling. A very good copy. First edition of one of the earliest accounts of Japanese daily life from a Western perspective to be published in Japan; inscribed on the title page by the author's father: "T. A. Purcell QC" (c. 1818-1894). Rare: among British and Irish institutional libraries Copac cites only British Library (two copies), OCLC adds Universitatsbibliothek Hamburg and National Diet Library (Japan). At this time, very little printed material was produced at Yokohama for Europeans. It was later published in Britain as A Suburb of Yedo (London: Chapman and Hall, 1889). This is a fascinating and delightfully illustrated series of sketches of customs and occupations as observed in a "retired and quiet suburb" of Tokyo (Yedo) and was originally published in the Japan Weekly Mail, but here "in a measure revised and, indeed, in some instances rewritten" (Preface). Each short chapter is given over to such subjects as the saké shop, the stone mason, the barber, the sparrow catcher, the fortune teller, the flute player, the kamikudsuhiroi (or "picker up of paper-scraps"), the mikoshi (or divine palanquin used in Shinto), and a Buddhist baptism (nagare-kanjo); the charming plates were most probably drawn by a Japanese artist. T. A. Purcell (1841-1877) was an Irish doctor who served as surgeon-major in the British diplomatic service and was, for some years, principal medical officer in the Imperial Japanese Government's Department of Public Works, having been called in to treat its foreign employees in May 1871 (see Britain & Japan: Biographical Portraits Volume II). He worked with the distinguished Japanese scholar, and fellow Irishman, William George Aston, on the first English rendition of The Pillow Book of Sei Shonagon (1889).

      [Bookseller: Peter Harrington]
 29.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  

        A Library of Poetry and Song

      New York: J. B. Ford and Companyy, 1874 Copyright, 1877 A.D. By J. B. Ford & Co.; Hardcover volumes; Frontispiece of Shakespeare; lxxvii, (including Memoir of William Cullen Bryant by James Grant Wilson) 430 pp.2 vols, Copyright, 1877 A.D. By J. B. Ford & Company." Hardcovers Two volumes: 8" x 10 7/8", (Vol 1) Frontispiece of Shakespeare; lxxvii, (including Memoir of William Cullen Bryant by James Grant Wilson) Illustrated with 20 steel [engraved] portraits, 20 wood engravings, 20 ornamental titles in silhouette, 27 manuscript and autograph facsimiles. Dark brown cloth with gold tilting;designs in gold and black on the spines and front covers, all edges gilt. Vol. 1. Perfect binding. Kept like new. All illustrations have tissue coverings. Very rare!This book still has perfect and bright coloring, fronts-piece, tissue covering and a dedication and inscription from William Cullen Bryant, Jr.

      [Bookseller: Bell's Books]
 30.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  

        Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Seas. Translated from the French. With one hundred and twelve illustrations. 4th edn.

      Sampson Low, Marston, Low, & Searle. 1874 Half title, front., plates; light spotting throughout. Orig. blue pictorial cloth, blocked & lettered in black & gilt, bevelled boards; rubbed but sound. a.e.g.Vingt Mille Lieues sous les Mers, 1870. First English edition, published November 1872. See JVE V006; Myers 56.

      [Bookseller: Jarndyce Rare Books]
 31.   Check availability:     Direct From Seller     Link/Print  

        A Journey to the Centre of the Earth

      Scribner Armstrong and Company, 1874. Hardcover. Very Good. Scribner Armstrong and Company, New York (1874). First Scribner Armstrong Popular Edition. Undated 305 page edition. 20 Illustrations. Preceded by a 384 page Scribner Armstrong edition with 52 illustrations. Stamped in gold. Green cloth boards. Ads at page 307 with three titles: Meridiana, From the Earth to the Moon, A Journey to the Centre of the Earth. Book Condition: Very Good, shelf wear, age toning spots, rounded corners.

      [Bookseller: 1st Editions and Antiquarian Books, ABA,]
 32.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  

        The Structure and Distribution of Coral Reefs

      London: Smith, Elder, & Co., 1874. Second edition, 8vo, xx, 278, 6 advertisement pp. 3 folding maps, 2 partly coloured, plus 14 woodcuts in the text, contemporary owner's inscription to half title, signature to title and ink stamp to the margin of p.100, ink stamp of the Trustees of Tenby Museum to fly leaf verso with a shelf mark above. Original gilt titled green cloth, small label tidily removed from the spine, overall a good copy. Freeman 275. Originally published in 1842 with a reissue in 1851 combining it with the other two parts published as a result of the Beagle voyage, Geological Observations on South America and volcanic islands.

      [Bookseller: Bow Windows Bookshop]
 33.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  

        Dantis Alighieri Divina Comoedia Latinis Versibus auctore Josepho Pascalio-Marinellio

      Ex Officina Tip. Olim Baluffi - Anconae, 1874. LATINO 0,37 Volume raro della seconda metà dell'800 in stato discreto, coperta in mezzatela, dorso in tessuto con caratteri incisi in oro, piatti in cartone rigido goffrato, alcuni segni del tempo, fioritura sparsa, tagli bruniti, legatura poco allentata, cerniera danneggiata, pagine in buono stato con scolii, appunti a matita su margine di piede di pagina 1. Appunto a matita su risguardia e su foglio di guardia. Firma d'appartenenza e marca tipografica in nero su frontespizio. Appunto a matita su facciata precedente l'incipit. Timbro,(della perizia libraria?) su ultimo foglio di guardia. USATO

      [Bookseller: Biblioteca di Babele]
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        The Land of the White Elephant: Sights and Scenes in South-Eastern Asia. New York, Harper & Brothers, 1874.

      1874 1874 - Pp. xx, 316 pp + 4 adv. With three maps and plans, thirty-four full-page plates protected by tissue guards, and additional wood cut illustrations in the text. Publisher's decorated green cloth, stamped in gilt, lightly wear to spine. A beautiful copy of first US edition, originally published in London 1873. A personal narrative of travels in Burma, Cambodia, Siam and Cochin china between 1871 and 1872. Cf Cordier BI 421. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Charlotte Du Rietz Rare Books (ILAB)]
 35.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  

        Kaibou Shinzu [New Anatomy]

      Manabe Takesuke, Osaka 1874 - First edition. 1 v., complete (the later edition was published, enlarged, in 2 v.). Filled with copperplate engravings, which is extremely rare as at the time of publication in Japan most books were woodblock-printed. Some plates hand-coloured. 216 illustrations in 68 p. Slight soiling, chips and two small wormholes to covers and similar wear and loss to title slip. Wormhole to gutter of last few pages, 5cm tear to gutter of lower pastedown. Otherwise near fine. A rare early Meiji anatomical book in Japanese, translated from `An Anatomical Atlas` (1844) by American doctor Henry Hollingworth Smith. 26 x 17 cm. Oblong folding album. 39 l. Text in Japanese. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Kagerou Bunko (ABAJ, ILAB)]
 36.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  

        Pajol, Général en chef.

      Paris, Firmin-Didot 1874 - 3 vol. gr. in-8, portr., demi-bas. verte, dos lisse, filets dorés et demi-maroquin aubergine, dos lisse, couv. cons. (pour l'atlas), (rel. de l'époque). Envoi de l'auteur à Michel Ney, duc d'Elchingen, second fils du Maréchal Ney. Exemplaire dans une reliure à son chiffre et portant l'ex-libris de la bibliothèque de la Moscowa. Émouvante provenance où se rencontrent deux des fils des plus glorieux soldats de l'Empire. Bien complet du très rare atlas composé de 8 cartes en couleurs. [Attributes: Signed Copy]

      [Bookseller: Librairie Historique F. Teissèdre]
 37.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  

        Die Unüberwindlichen. Nachkriegsdrama in vier Akten.

      158 Seiten 8, gebundene Ausgabe, Leinen mit Schutzumschlag, dieser fleckig, leicht gebräunt und mit fachmännisch hinterlegten Läsuren, Einband ebenfalls leicht fleckig, Schnitt etwas gebräunt und stockig, auf dem Vorsatzblatt mit der mikroskopisch kleinen Signatur von Karl Kraus, datiert "Juli 28", das Buch schon sehr selten, noch seltener die Signatur Karl Kraus. Karl Kraus (* 28. April 1874 in Jicín (deutsch: Jitschin oder auch: Gitschin), Böhmen, damals Österreich-Ungarn, heute Tschechien - + 12. Juni 1936 in Wien) war einer der bedeutendsten österreichischen Schriftsteller des beginnenden 20. Jahrhunderts, ein Publizist, Satiriker, Lyriker, Aphoristiker, Dramatiker, Förderer junger Autoren, Sprach- und Kulturkritiker vor allem ein scharfer Kritiker der Presse und des Hetzjournalismus oder, wie er selbst es ausdrückte, der Journaille. Herausgeber der Zeitschrift "Die Fackel" (ab 1899), EA, WG, 46

      [Bookseller: Bührnheims Literatursalon GmbH]
 38.   Check availability:     Link/Print  

        [Broadside]: Manuscript "Wanted Poster" for a U.S. Sailor who jumped ship in Japan

      Yokohama, Japan: U.S.S. Tuscorora, 1874. Near Fine. Manuscript "wanted poster" handwritten on an 8" x 12" sheet of lined paper by Lieutenant Commander Theodore F. Jewell, the Executive Officer of the U.S.S. Tuscorora. Old folds, otherwise clean and near fine with very little wear. The sailor who deserted the ship is identified as Ordinary Seaman James Slaven, a 32-year-old Irish native who bore tattoos on both hands (a shield and eagle on the left and a star on the right). The document is dated May 11th 1874 and offers a $10 reward for "the apprehension and delivery [of Slaven] on board this vessel." A note of receipt at the bottom of the document shows that the reward was paid to William Ford, who apparently apprehended Slaven.Jewell had a long and successful career in the navy, retiring as an admiral in 1904. This notice was posted shortly after Jewell and the Tuscorora played a significant roll in keeping the peace in Honolulu following the riots by disgruntled followers of the widow of King Kamehameha IV, after the legislature selected David Kalakaua, the son of the High Chief Caesar Kaluaiku Kapa'akea, to be the next king. Partly in gratitude for Jewell's assistance, the Hawaiian government granted the United States rights to establish a coaling and repair station on Oahu that would eventually become the Pearl Harbor Naval Station.

      [Bookseller: Between the Covers- Rare Books, Inc. ABA]
 39.   Check availability:     IOBABooks     Link/Print  

        Coomassie and Magdala.

      New York: Harper & Brothers, Publishers,, 1874. The Story of Two British Campaigns in Africa. Octavo. Original green diagonal-fine-ribbed cloth over bevelled boards, spine lettered and ruled in gilt, twin rules and publisher's device to boards in blind, brown coated endpapers. Wood-engraved frontispiece with tissue-guard, 15 similar plates, illustrations to the text, 2 folding maps. Pencilled ownership inscription dated 1921 to the front free endpaper. Spine gently rolled, minimal rubbing to extremities, light pale marking to rear board, contents toned, short (30 mm) clean split along fold of map facing p. 1. A very good copy. First US edition. After covering Hancock's and Sherman's campaigns in the American Midwest, Stanley persuaded the New York Herald to employ him as special correspondent on the British expedition to Abyssinia, and was in Suez by January 1868. "Having joined Sir Robert Napier's forces at Annesley Bay, in the Horn of Africa, he marched with them for two months, witnessing the storming of Tewodros's fortress at Magdala. His sensational dispatches were the first to reach Europe, and he was soon employed on a permanent basis by the Herald" (ODNB). It was on the strength of his reportage that later the same year the Herald's editor, James Gordon Bennett, sent him to find Livingstone. Coomassie and Magdala was first published earlier the same year, in London.

      [Bookseller: Peter Harrington]
 40.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  

        The Last Journals of David Livingstone, in Central Africa, from 1865 to his Death. Continued by a Narrative of his Last Moments and Sufferings, obtained from his Faithful Servants Chuma and Susi.

      London: John Murray, 1874 - 2 volumes, octavo. Original pink cloth, spines lettered and decorated in gilt, decorative blind frames to boards enclosing gilt vignette of a river-crossing, brown coated endpapers. Contemporary bookseller's ticket (William Potter, Liverpool) to vol. 1 front pastedown; contemporary ownership inscription, "Ad'Arbigny", to front free endpaper versos. Spines sunned, extremities lightly bumped, few trivial marks to sides, vol. 1 front inner hinge superficially and partially cracked, but holding, folding map in end-pocked browned on 2 panels, with a further pale stain and small holes to intersections of a few folds, nevertheless an excellent copy. Wood-engraved frontispiece to each volume, 17 similar plates, 3 leaves of lithographic facsimile (one in colour), illustrations to the text, folding colour map in vol. 1 end-pocket, similar map bound in to rear of vol. 2, both as issued. First edition of this key text in the formation of the Livingstone legend, "fastidiously edited [and] a poignant testimony to soul-searching, suffering, forbearance, and tenacity There was a peculiar romance about the lone missionary ever pressing into new country, concerned not to convert but to bear Christian witness by preaching the gospel, giving magic-lantern shows, and speaking against slavery. Livingstone became a symbol of what the British—and other Europeans—wished to believe about their motives as they took over tropical Africa in the late nineteenth century: in effect he redeemed the colonial project" (ODNB). Waller was a member of the first Universities' Mission to Central Africa in 1860, and met Livingstone while working as a lay missionary in Nyasaland. An attractive copy. [Attributes: First Edition]

      [Bookseller: Peter Harrington. ABA member]
 41.   Check availability:     ZVAB     Link/Print  


      Cowan & Co.. Contents good condition except for pencil numerals in chart on pages 8 and 9. coverwear at corners and spine poor. . Fair. Hardcover. 1874.

      [Bookseller: bookstore brengelman]
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        Beobachtung des Procyon als Doppelstern. Offprint from Mélanges mathématiques et astronomiques tirés du Bulletin de l'Académie impériale des sciences de Saint-Pétersbourg (dated 27 March/8 April 1873).

      [St. Petersburg: 1874]. First edition, extremely rare offprint, of Struve's 'discovery' of the faint companion to the star Procyon, which together form a binary system. This offprint is accompanied by two signed autograph letters from Struve to the Scottish amateur astronomer Robert Stirling Newall (1812-89), who at the time owned the largest refracting telescope in the world, asking Newall to confirm Struve's observations. Neither Newall nor other contemporary astronomers were able to do so, however, and it was later shown that Struve's observations were illusory, probably caused by a defect in his telescope lenses. Ironically, however, Struve was correct that Procyon is a binary system: the companion star was observed by the Lick Observatory in 1896. OCLC lists only one copy of this offprint (Hamburg). Procyon is the brightest star in the constellation Canis Minor. Its name, meaning 'before the dog', derives from the fact that Procyon comes into the sky shortly before Sirius, the 'dog star'. In 1844 Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel (1784-1846) noticed that both Sirius and Procyon exhibited irregularities in their proper motions which Bessel "ascribed to the presence of unseen companions of each of these stars and he was dramatically vindicated in 1862 (after his death) when the American telescope maker Alvan Clark detected the companion of Sirius while testing a new telescope. The nature of this companion was not understood until the twentieth century, but it turned out to be the prototype of a whole new class of stars - the white dwarfs. Confirmation of Bessel's prediction about one star strengthened belief that he had also been right about the other, and many people began to look for a companion to Procyon. We now know that this star, too, is a white dwarf: it is a curious coincidence of constellation mythology that both dog stars should have similar companions. White dwarfs are very small and very faint. It is particularly difficult to see them with certainty when they are close to a bright star. The succeed in detecting the companion of Procyon, the would-be discoverer had to have access to a large telescope and should, by preference, be experienced in double-star observations. Naturally, Otto attempted this discovery and, in 1873, believed he had made it. He published his discovery in that year, complete with measurements of the companion's relative position, and he published further measurements the following year" (Batten, Resolute and Undertaking Characters, p. 181). The two enclosed letters from Struve show his concern to have his 'discovery' confirmed by another observer. ----------------------------------------- Pulkovo 19 March 1873 Dear Sir This evening with an extraordinary transparent sky and excellent images, I thought I could see a small companion of Procyon at a distance of somewhat more than 10". I would be most happy if this discovery could be independently confirmed by your magnificent telescope and for this reason I abstain from communicating to you in what direction that object was. Pray look out for Procyon and let me know if and where you see that small object. It was so distinctly seen and measured this evening that I hardly can believe it was an optical illusion. Since we left England we have nothing heard from you and yours. I hope you have received the letter I wrote you from Cambridge. We frequently talk of you and the friendly reception we have met with in your house, but even more frequently I have to report on the excellent performances of your grand telescope. Prof. Littrow, I am told, wants to get a similar instrument from Cooke. Will he succeed with the second as well as with yours? Please convey my and Mrs. Struve's most cordial compliments to Mrs. Newall and believe me Very truly your Otto Struve Have you succeeded to provide the refractor with a good micrometer, so that we may hope to get this year a series of good distances of Neptune's satelllites? ----------------------------------------- Pulkovo 28 April 1873 My dear Sir, I have the pleasure to acknowledge the receipt of your two letters. With regard to Procyon I am sorry to say that what you have thought to be the newly discovered companion is a small star in 40" distance, repeatedly observed by me since 12 years and which does not participate in the proper motion of the principal star. The true companion, as I have seen it, is more than three times nearer to Procyon on the following side. With a tolerably good state of the atmosphere I have no doubt you will see it easily, but certainly the enormous brightness of the principal star as seen in your refractor might offer difficulties that perhaps I do not appreciate sufficiently. Probably you will see the companion more easily with a somewhat higher power. According to your diagrams I should think you have used a very low power. Otherwise you could hardly have seen in the same field Procyon and the succeeding close double star. In the present spring Procyon is already too far advanced to the west to give any chance for a favourable observation. Therefore I might delay to the next winter the hope to get from you the confirmation of the discovery. It is a pity your refractor is not yet provided with a good micrometer. Otherwise the interesting periodic Comet of Tempel rediscovered April 3 by Stephens at Marseille, would be an excellent object to prove its power. The comet is so faint that only the most powerful telescopes will be able to furnish satisfactory determinations of its position. Pray present my and Mrs. Struve's respectful compliments to Mrs Newall. Very truly your Otto Struve ----------------------------------------- Neither Newall nor other astronomers Struve contacted (among them the great Canadian-American astronomer Simon Newcomb) were able to verify his observations, and eventually "Otto withdrew his claim to have discovered the companion of Procyon ... Despite Otto's conviction that the fault did not lie in the telescope, the objective of the 15-inch formed a ghost image of every bright star, and Otto and his assistants had taken this image for the companion of Procyon they had expected to see. Even the apparent changes in position could be explained by somewhat different positions of the telescope in the different years that the "companion" had been observed ... Procyon's real companion was not discovered until 1896, when it was found by Schaeberle [with] the 36-inch refractor of the Lick Observatory. We now know that Otto's observations did not fit at all the well-determined modern orbit of the system" (ibid., p. 184). Winner of a Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society and a member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Struve (1819-1905) was a Russian astronomer who pioneered the study of double stars and contributed greatly to our modern understanding of astrophysics. Son of the Russian astronomer Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve (1793-1864), he completed school education at the age of 15 and university education at the age of 20. During his time at the Imperial University of Dorpat, Struve helped his father catalogue the northern skies. Struve took on management of the Pulkovo Observatory from his father in 1858, became its Director in 1862, and remained so until his retirement in 1889. He is credited with discovering an estimated 500 double star systems along with detailed published measurements of their orbits. He completed the most accurate measurement of the earth's curve, known as the Struve Geodetic Arc, categorized the rings of Saturn and discovered the second moon of Uranus. His sons, Ludwig and Hermann, and his grandson Otto, all became successful astronomers. Newall (1812-1889) was a Scottish engineer and astronomer. He devised a machine for making wire ropes, and made substantial improvements in the construction of telegraph cables. The first successful cable, laid between Dover and Calais on 25 Sept. 1851, was made in his factory. Newall was a keen astronomer, and he commissioned Thomas Cooke to build a telescope for his private observatory at Ferndene, his Gateshead residence. For many years, this 25-inch refractor was the largest in the world. Newall was elected a fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1864, of the Royal Society in 1875. 8vo (219 x 143 mm), pp. 21-28. Original plain blue wrappers, slight vertical creas from having been folded for postage, some minor spotting.

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        The Naturalist in Nicaragua: A Narrative of a Residence of the Gold Mines of Chontales; Journeys in the Savannah and Forests. With Observations on Animals and Plants in Reference to the Theory of Evolution of Living Forms. With Map and Illustrations.

      London: John Murray, 1874, - Octavo. Original blue sand-grain cloth, title gilt to the spine together with a fern device, decorative panelling to both boards in black, alligator vignette centre-tool to the front, dun surface-paper endpapers. A little rubbed, slight cast to the spine, corners softened, some light restoration to the spine and top edges of the boards, both hinges neatly repaired, text-block toned, a touch of foxing front and back, but overall very good. Wood-engraved frontispiece and 2 other similar plates, 23 illustrations to text, 2 of them full-page, folding map at rear, blue colour wash outline. First edition. Presentation copy, inscribed verso of the front free endpaper, "P. Brown Esqre, M.D. with the kind regards of the Author", with Brown's ownership inscription to the title page. The son of a Newcastle seedsman, Belt (1832–1878) was educated at a private school conducted by by John Storey, a secretary of Tyneside Naturalists' Field Club, becoming an enthusiastic student of natural history. "In 1852 he left England for the Australian gold-diggings, and, with three brothers, worked as a miner. Between 1853 and 1860 he visited several mining districts and pursued his geological investigations. He became a member of the Philosophical Institute of Victoria In 1862 Belt returned to England with a high reputation and established himself in London as a consultant mining engineer. He was a fellow of the Geological Society and a corresponding member of the Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sciences". Around 1863 he travelled to Canada as superintendent of the Nova Scotian Gold Company's mines, and from 1868 to 1872 "he conducted the mining operations of the Chontales Gold Mining Company in Nicaragua. His observations of that country's geology, flora, and fauna" are described in the present work. During the 1870s he spent time in Siberia and on the Russian steppe, from his observations developing theories which led him to deal "boldly and suggestively with the phenomena of the Glacial period in Britain and in various parts of the world" (Ency. Brit., 1911). Belt initiated a correspondence with Darwin about the symbiotic relationship between the "Bull's Horn Acacia" - Acacia collinsii- and the ant Pseudomyrmex spinicola, which lived off the plant's secretions while defending it from aggressive parasites, later discussing Belt's theories on glaciation and extinction. Darwin received a copy of Belt's book on publication, and wrote to Hooker: "Belt I have read, and am delighted that you like it so much, it appears to me the best of all natural history journals that have been published" (quoted in The Life and Letters of Charles Darwin, vol. II, p. 169). An uncommon work, particularly so inscribed. Palau 26647; Wood, p. 230. [Attributes: First Edition; Signed Copy]

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