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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1865

        LETTERS to Various Persons

      1865. hardcover. Thoreau, Henry David. LETTERS to Various Persons. Boston: Ticknor and Fields, 1865. Original blind-stamped green cloth. <p>First Edition of the first collection of Thoreau&#39;s letters, which consisted of only 2,100 copies; the next printing (only 150 copies) would not be until 1877. The editor, "R. W. E.", who provided the brief prefatory Notice, was of course Ralph Waldo Emerson.</p> <p>This copy is in green sand-grain cloth, and on the spine it reads "Author of Walden and A Week on Concord River"; there are six primary binding states (different colors and grains of cloth), without precedence; this is the only one of the six to read thus on the spine, not mentioning "Excursions."</p> <p>Condition is bright and near-fine (cloth barely wearing through at a few points on the edges). Borst A6.1.a, binding state 1.</p> (Sumner & Stillman Code:11976)

      [Bookseller: Sumner & Stillman]
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        LETTERS TO VARIOUS PERSONS

      2011. THOREAU, Henry David. LETTERS TO VARIOUS PERSONS. Boston: Ticknor and Fields, 1865. First edition. A most interesting copy, inscribed by Annie Delano to her Uncle Ned on 31 July in the year of publication. An early inscription as the book was not listed for sale until the August 1865. The recipient, Edward Delano was one of President Franklin Roosevelt&#39;s maternal grandfather&#39;s brothers and Annie Delano was his aunt. There are a few tiny nicks at the head and tail of the spine and some foxing throughout the text, on the whole, however, it is a sturdy pleasing early copy with an interesting pedigree. (BAL 20116, binding a)

      [Bookseller: Boston Book Company]
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        Coleoptera Atlantidum, being an enumeration of the coleopterous insects of the Madeiras, Salvages, and Canaries

      London, John van Voorst, 1865. Thick 8vo. xlvii, 526, 140 pp., one engraved map. Publisher&#39;s blind-stamped cloth with gilt title on the spine.* The first monograph on the beetles of what is collectively known as the northern Macaronesian islands in the temperate-subtropical North Atlantic. The material was mostly collected by the author. As could be expected from rather isolated island-faunas most species described in this work are endemic. Thomas Vernon Wollaston (1822-1878) FLS published a series of eight island faunal studies, the others being on the insects of Madeira (published in 1854), the Coleoptera of Madeira in the British Museum (1857), ditto those of the Canaries (1864), and those of the Cape Verde Islands (1867), on the landshells of the Atlantic islands (1878), and on the variation of species, with especial reference to the insecta (1858). The last mentioned paper in particular is an important contribution to evolution. However, Wollaston, concluded from his researches that species were created under a divine plan to best suit local circumstances. Published in the year previous to Darwin&#39;s "On the origin of species", it was kindly received by Darwin. In turn, Wollaston, who could not shed his religious beliefs, published quite a negative review of Darwin&#39;s work.Thereafter sympathy between both men although working on much the same subject deteriorated slowly but steadily. The present work is dedicated to the British zoologist (in particular malacologist and cetaceologist) John [Edward] Gray (1800-1875), keeper of zoology of the British Museum in London, "...In whose yacht I first visited the Canarian Archipelago...". This study was based on over 20,000 specimens, belonging to 1,449 species described earlier, mostly by Wollaston himself but including at least seventy new species, described here in the 140 pp. appendix. Front joint repaired, front and rear hinge weak, otherwise an excellent clean copy. Very rare. Horn-Schenkling II(4), p. 453.

      [Bookseller: Dieter Schierenberg bv]
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        Johnson&#39;s New Illustrated Family Atlas of the World, with Physical Geography, and with Descriptions Geographical, Statistical, and Historical

      New York: A. J. Johnson. 1865. Elephant Folio - over 15" - 23" tall. H Hard Cover. Fair. Johnson&#39;s 1865 world atlas, externally worn but with most maps in generally very good condition. Collated and complete, with 105 color maps, several double-page and some insets, 136 pages of text, additional illustrations. Green cloth lettered in gilt, green leather spine, 18.5" tall. Covers rubbed with chipping to the edges and spine ends, binding sound, maps very good but with 8 having clean closed tears along the center fold line (maximum halfway up from bottom), horizontal closed tear across right hand page of national emblems, bottom third of left side of NY map missing, minor dampstains to lower margins near the back of the atlas affecting the border of only Palestine, Turkey and Hindustan. Color good, pages very clean.

      [Bookseller: Resource Books, LLC]
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        Our Mutual Friend

      1865. first edition. First Edition in Book FormIn The Original ClothDICKENS, Charles. Our Mutual Friend. With Illustrations by Marcus Stone. In Two Volumes. London: Chapman and Hall, 1865. First edition in book form, first state following all forty-two points listed in Smith. Two octavo volumes (8 3/4 x 5 1/2 in; 224 x 140 mm). xi, [1, blank], 320, 36 as publisher&#39;s catalogue dated January 1865; vii, [1, List of Illustrations], 309, [1, imprint], [1, adv.], [1, blank], 4 as publisher&#39;s advertisements dated November 1865. With green paper advertisement for Chapman and Hall&#39;s The Martins of Cro&#39; Martin mounted to front free end papers of both volumes. Forty black and white plates, including frontispieces.Publisher&#39;s dark reddish-brown sand-grain cloth. The front and back covers are stamped in blind with a thin single-line border and a decorative equilateral rounded arch-frame. The thick arch-frame within the border occupies the remaining area of the covers and is embellished with a variety of leaves and a design of three flowers midway on each side of the arch and three in each of the top two corners above the arch. The spines have five gilt bands at the top and bottom and are richly ornamented with a gilt design of leaves, flowers, flourishes, and lineal borders. The spines are decoratively lettered in gilt. Original pale-yellow coated endpapers. Hinges expertly and near invisibly restored. Light wear to spine extremities. The plates are in unusually nice condition with most quite clean and only a few exhibiting just the lightest of mottling and toning to margins. An excellent copy."Our Mutual Friend originally appeared in twenty numbers, bound in nineteen monthly parts, the last part forming a doouble number, from May 864 - November 1865. The first volume was published in book form on January 20, 1865; the second on October 21, 1865. 11s each." (Smith).Smith I, 15. Sadleir 687. Eckel pp. 94-95.

      [Bookseller: David Brass Rare Books, Inc.]
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        Our Mutual Friend. In Two Volumes

      London - Chapman and Hall, 1865 Book. Very Good. Hardcover. First edition. The first edition of Dickens&#39; last complete novel, Our Mutual Friend. Complete in two volumes. Bound from the parts. With forty illustrated plates by Marcus Stone, collated complete. The novel with its panoramic treatment of contemporary society, complex plotting, scathing social satire, and masterly emblematic art recalls both Bleak House and Little Dorrit. It differs from these predecessors in a number of important ways, however. Most notably, both of the love stories at the heart of the book (the earlier novels each have only one main love story) end on a very positive note -ODNB. Condition: In a Victorian calf binding. Externally, rubbed. The joints are starting. The front hinge of volume two is slightly strained. Internally, firmly bound, with foxing as usual and some marks. There are small tidemarks to the margins of the first 90 pages of volume one. Overall: GOOD..

      [Bookseller: Rooke Books]
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        Map of the World

      Emanuel Gottlieb Leutz, 1865. A POWERFUL MONUMENT TO AMERICA&#39;S IDEOLOGICAL SUPREMACY AND HER RETURN TO WORLD POLITICS AT THE END OF THE CIVIL WAR Oil on canvas Canvas size: 32" x 40 3/4" Frame size: 44 3/4" x 53 1/4" Signed in monogram and dated lower left: EGL 1865/66 Provenance: The collection of the United States Department of State; Private Collection As a strong supporter of Europe&#39;s Revolutions of 1848 and as one of the greatest proponents of American democracy, the celebrated history painter, Emanuel Leutze, created powerful visual landmarks illustrating the distinctiveness and independence of the United States. Painted in 1865, in the same year as the end of the American Civil War, his oil painting, A Map of the World, is a monument to America&#39;s concept of Manifest Destiny and a powerful symbol of her return to universal authority. . Book.

      [Bookseller: Arader Galleries]
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        Drum-Taps (First Edition | Poems | Poetry | Leaves of Grass)

      Washington, 1865. FIRST EDITION, first printing. This is specially bound (1 of only 500 copies) with the separately printed "Sequel to Drum Taps" 24 pages (separately paginated), Full brown cloth with gilt lettering on the front cover, moderate wear, spine professionally relaid, paper in the gutter behind the boards, no half-title as is usual with this work, exlibrary with the embossed design of a circulating library on the title page. This book contains much of Whitman&#39;s wartime poetry which was incorporated into later editions of Leaves of Grass. Very minor chips to the foredge of the title page. No previous owner&#39;s names. Overall in GOOD condition. A good gift. Photos available upon request.. First Edition. Full Cloth. Good. 12mo - over 6¾" - 7¾" tall. Hardcover.

      [Bookseller: Ziern-Hanon Galleries]
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        La poésie et son avenir : Discours prononcé par M. Amédée Méreaux en réponse au discours de M. Simonin (1865 et la poésie)

      Rouen: Imprimerie de H. Boissel, 1865. Broché. 14,5x23cm. Edition originale. Très rare exemplaire provenant de la bibliothèque de Gustave Flaubert, référencé sous le numéro 22 dans la vente de la succession de Mme Franklin Grout-Flaubert le 18 novembre 1931. Bel envoi autographe: "A l&#39;auteur de Mme Bovary et de Salaambo, Cordial hommage de son admirateur." Infime accroc et petite tache sans gravité affectant une tranche. Petite déchirure restaurée en pied du dos sans manque. Célèbre compositeur et musicien, Jean-Amédée Lefroid de Méreaux (1802-1874) avait été l&#39;élève de Reicha, puis pianiste du duc de Bordeaux, virtuose à Paris, Londres, Rouen (où il mourut) et musicographe. Lire à son sujet la belle biographie-hommage de Marmontel : "... En 1832, il exécuta plusieurs fois avec Chopin un duo de sa composition sur le Pré aux Clercs (...) En 1835, Méreaux renonça à sa vie mouvementée de virtuose pour se fixer à Rouen, où il conquit rapidement la sympathie universelle. (...) Admis à l&#39;Académie des Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts de Rouen, en 1858, il fut nommé président de cette Société en 1865; cet honneur très-rarement accordé à un musicien, était un double hommage rendu au caractère comme à l&#39;érudition de l&#39;artiste. (...)La décoration [de la Légion d&#146;Honneur] de ce savant compositeur, de cet éminent critique, de ce savant érudit, qui fut à la fois président de l&#39;Académie des Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts de Rouen et vice-président du congrès scientifique et archéologique réuni à Rouen sous la présidence de M. de Caumont, la décoration de Méreaux, dis-je, fut accueillie avec enthousiasme dans la ville d&#39;adoption de cet artiste distingué. Un banquet lui fut offert dans lequel prirent place des amis, des élèves d&#39;Amédée Méreaux, des notabilités artistiques et littéraires parmi lesquelles nous citerons MM. Clogenson, conseiller honoraire, Bouilhet, Gustave Flaubert, Lucien Dautresme, Charles Vervoitte. (...) Le nom d&#39;Amédée Méreaux restera parmi ceux des maîtres dont la vie entière est un exemple et un noble enseignement." (Marmontel). Très recherchés, les ouvrages de la bibliothèque de Flaubert sont d&#39;une insigne rareté. - Imprimerie de H. Boissel, Rouen _1865, 14,5x23cm, broché. - broché

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        The fishes of Malabar

      London, Bernard Quaritch, 1865. Large 4to (32.5 x 25.5 cm). xxxii, 293 pp., 20 engraved plates. Later green cloth. Spine with black morocco label and gilt lines and title.* A very rare book by the British ichthyologist and Inspector-General of Fisheries in India, Francis Day (1829-1889) on the fish fauna of southwestern India, from Goa to the southern tip of the peninsula. He is best known for writing the fish-section of the Fauna of British India, but this earlier work is perhaps more important. This is the very rare original, however, the plain edition. The finely engraved plates and text figures are by the author. At least one species, Microphis bleekeri, is new. Subscribers, with the number of copies ordered split into coloured and plain copies, are listed in the front. In all, no more than 28 coloured copies, and 19 plain copies are listed, the latter mainly ordered by bookshops and governmental organizations. Uncut. A very good clean copy. Dean I, p. 303; Nissen ZBI, 1055.

      [Bookseller: Dieter Schierenberg bv]
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        Buste af H.C. Andersen udført af Bing & Grøndahl efter Bissens model som han modellerede 1864 med Andersen som levende model. [Bust of Hans Christian Andersen, made by Bing & Grøndal after Bissen's model, which he modelled in 1864 with Andersen as a living model].

      København, Bing & Grøndahl, 1865. H:27 cm. B:14 cm. D:13 cm. Udført af B&G i biscuit i 1865.. Andersen må have været glad for busten, af ham kaldet "den Bissen-Bingske Buste", idet han brugte den som gave til venner i den snævre kreds. Han bestilte selv 8 eksemplarer af den. Bissen udtalte selv efter at Andersen havde siddet model for ham "Vorherre havde givet sig tid til at skabe hans hoved aparte fremfor de fleste andres". Bissens buste må siges at give et fint billede af Andersen, der er mere end portrætlighed i den, der er også noget af Andersens sjæl og hele væsen.Andersen must have liked the bust himself, as he used it as a present for his closest friends. He ordered eight copies of it. By Andersen, the bust was called the "Bissen-Bingske Bust".After Andersen had modeled for Bissen, Bissen said "Our Lord had taken his time to create his head queer above that of most others." Bissen's bust must be said to display a very fine portrait of Andersen; There is more than exact likeness to it, there is also some of Andersen's soul and very nature in it

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        Lessons from The World of Matter and The World of Man. Selected from Notes of Unpublished Sermons by Rufus Leighton

      Published by Charles W. Slack Boston: Published by Charles W. Slack. 1865. First. First edition. Green cloth gilt. A few tears at the bottom of the spine, short crack to the paper over the front hinge, modest wear to the boards, a very good copy. Inscribed by the editor to author and Thoreau biographer Frank B. Sanborn: "F.B. Sanborn, With best regards of R. Leighton. May 11, 1865." Both Sanborn (one of the Concord circle of transcendentalists that included Thoreau, Emerson, and the Alcotts) and Parker were abolitionists, as well as early and strong supporters of John Brown. Sanborn later published a biographical sketch of Parker. .

      [Bookseller: Between the Covers- Rare Books, Inc. ABA]
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        A Description of the Recently Discovered Petroleum Region in California with a Report on the Same by Professor Silliman

      New York: Francis & Loutrel Printers 45 Maiden Lane February 1865 New York: Francis & Loutrel, Printers, 45 Maiden Lane, February, 1865. First edition of Silliman's Second Report on oil in California. 8vo. Large folding map of the "OJAI Ranch in Santa Barbara County ... Property of The California Petroleum Company," and one folding chart. iii, [1], 24 pp. Printed wrappers. Waterstained, maps creased, with one small tear. Streeter 2903; Giddens p. 167; Sabin 81051; Cowan 1933, p. 588 (in entry for 1864 issue: "Another report was made in 1865") . Silliman's reports on the future of California oil precipitated the nation's first real debate over the ethics of scientific consulting. Silliman's previous analysis of seep oil in Pennsylvania had launched an entire industry; now, as a consultant for the California Petroleum Company, Silliman painted a rosy picture of the future of petroleum in the Santa Barbara region, raising the hopes of speculators who already excited by the recent boom in Pennsylvania. State Geologist Josiah Dwight Whitney thought that Silliman's fee ($45,000) from the oil companies was prima facie evidence of fraud, and characterized Silliman himself as a mercenary and a disgrace to science. When it was determined that the seep oil samples Silliman had been testing were laced with kerosene from Pennsylvania, stock prices fell dramatically

      [Bookseller: James Cummins Bookseller ]
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        PRE-HISTORIC TIMES, as illustrated by Ancient remains, and the Manners and Customs of Modern Savages.

      xxiii, (1), (1), 2 - 512pp. Tinted lithograph frontispiece, and two other-full-page plates, one coloured; plus numerous black & white woodcuts in the text. Recent sympathetic quarter calf, gilt over marbled boards; black & gilt title-label to spine. New endpapers. 8vo. Small contemporary oval photograph of the author pasted on to title-page and the words, Sir and Bart have been added either side of the author's printed name in ink, presumably by the author. Inscribed, From the Author in ink on the half-title. Some spotting. mostly to the verso of the plates, else a very good presentation copy.

      [Bookseller: David Miles]
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        Mildred Arkell. A novel. FIRST EDITION. 3 vols.

      Tinsley Brothers. 1865 Half titles, final ad. leaf vol. I. Orig. sand-grained purple cloth, boards blocked in blind, gilt spines; spines sl. dulled & rubbed, front board vol. II with compression marks. A good-plus copy.Sadleir 3351, in his fourth group for rarity; Wolff 7282. With Presentation Inscription from the Author, 'For Harry - With Mamma's love. E.W.'.

      [Bookseller: Jarndyce Rare Books]
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        Carte de visite portrait photograph of George Armstrong Custer, in Civil War uniform

      New York: Printed by Anthony from the negative by Brady ca. 1865 [New York: Printed by Anthony from the negative by Brady, ca. 1865]. (CUSTER, GEORGE ARMSTRONG) 3-1/2 x 2-1/2 inches. Half-length, seated in semi-profile. Very slight mottling to image . Superb image of the still-controversial Custer, the boy-general, gallant Union cavalry officer, ambitious, publicity hungry Indian fighter, and in many ways the U.S. soldier who epitomized the posture of the United States in its Westward Expansion until he himself was killed, with his command, at the Battle of the Little Big Horn in 1876. This photograph, taken by the famous Civil War photographer Mathew Brady, is one of the rarer Brady images of the legendary general. "Even now [1984], after a hundred years, his name alone will start an argument. More significant men of his time can be discussed without passion because they are inextricably woven into a tapestry of the past, but this hotspur refuses to die. He stands forever on that dusty Montana slope ." - Evan S. Connell, SON OF THE MORNING STAR

      [Bookseller: James Cummins Bookseller ]
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        Dissertations And Discussion Political, Philosophical, And Historical Reprinted Chiefly From the Edinburgh And Westminster Reviews

      Longmans Green Reader and Dyer London: Longmans, Green, Reader, and Dyer, 1865. Third edition. leather_bound. Contemporary full brown calf, marbled endpapers and matching edges. Fine. 4 vols./No Dust Jacket. 474, 563, 379, 302 pages. 21.5 x 14 cm. PALGRAVE Vol. II, 763. "Mill brought economic theory to bear upon practical politics. Like Adam Smith, he 'associates the principles with their applications'....He treats political economy 'not as a thing by itself, but as a fragment of a greater whole....for practical purposes inseperably intertwined with many other branches of social philosophy." In 1866 he was the first person in Parliament to advocate the right to vote for women. Book labels, elegant binding, raised bands, spine panels richly gilt, double gilt border fillets with corner rosettes, front cover gilt escutcheons.

      [Bookseller: Royoung bookseller, Inc. ]
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        Ur hoffotografen J. Jaegers album öfver Stockholm och dess omgifningar. Fem fotografiska afbildningar. Pris 10 kr.

      Stockholm. Joh. Jaeger Kongl. Hoffotograf. Ca. 1865-1870. Portfolio containing 5 albumen photographs mounted on card boards. Portfolio 25 x 33 cm. 3 card boards 23,5 x 31,5 cm, 2 card boards 23 x 30,5 cm. Size of the actual photographs 13-13,5 x 21 cm. Original paper board portfolio with blue cloth spine. Printed title at the front and back boards. Card boards blind stamped "Joh. Jaeger Kongl. Hoffotograf Stockholm ". Drottningholm castle and one of the views from Mosebacke with rounded upper corners. Some wear and browning to the portfolio. Ties missing. One of the Mosebacke views somewhat faded, with a crease, a few small stains and a browned card board with a break. Another photo with a stain. A few minor spots to the other card boards. A litlle browning to the margins of one card board. Four photos with nice tonal range.. Five early photo views of Stockholm by Johannes Jaeger, photographer to the Royal Court. Jaeger was the most celebrated photographer in Stockholm from the 1860s throughout the century. Eventhough Jaeger left the country in 1890, his studio remained and kept its high profile. The photos depicts; the Royal Castle from Skeppsholmen; Drottningholm Castle; the city from Skansberget in Djurgården; two photos of the Old Town from Mosebacke, each with slightly different angle. One of the views from Mosebacke is probably supplied from another copy. When the portfolio was sold it is unlikely that it would have contained two similar views. Originally there was probably a fifth motif

      [Bookseller: Hammarlunds Antikvariat]
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        L'ITALIA PITTORESCA. Opera del tutto nuova compilata... particolarmente su quelle di Cantù, La Farina, Scotto, Vasi, Audot, Mousset, ecc.

      In-8 gr., primo vol. (su 2), cartonato mod., tit. oro su tassello al dorso, pp. 944, con 30 belle tavv. f.t. di vedute in litografia o inc. su legno. ?L?Italia nel suo territorio, citta', borghi, castelli, uomini e donne celebri, costumi e storia ossia descrizione illustrata con disegni delle persone e dei luoghi italiani". In questo primo volume sono descritte: "Piemonte e Liguria", con 3 tavv. (Torino, Genova e Nizza) - "Lombardia", con 18 tavv. (Milano, Arco della Pace, Cattedrale di Monza, Palazzo Comunale di Monza, Certosa di Pavia, Castello di Bereguardo, Palazzo dei Cusani a Chignolo, le Torri di Pavia, Lodi, Duomo di Crema e Arco del Torrazzo, Duomo di Cremona, Cattedrale di Brescia, Piazza Virgiliana a Mantova, Esterno del Duomo di Mantova e sua torre, Casa di Torquato Tasso in Bergamo, Cappella Colleoni in Bergamo, Panorama di Como, Chiesa di Galliano (presso Como) - "Veneto", con 9 tavv. (La Piazzetta di Venezia, Basilica di S. Marco, Ponte di Rialto, l'Arsenale, Chioggia, Mestre, Piazza del Duomo di Treviso, Castelfranco, Piazza di Rovigo). Qualche lieve fiorit., pagg. ingiallite per la qualità della carta ma complessivam. ben conservato.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Malavasi]
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        Pantheon des illustrations francaises au xix. siecle... publie' sous la direction de victor frond. paris, abel pilon, lemercier, s.a. (1865 ca.).

      In-folio (cm. 39), pp. 200 circa complessive. Con 40 splendidi ritratti litografici su carta di Cina applicati alle tavole. Solida ed elegante legatura coeva in mezza pelle e percallina rossa, dorso a nervi con titoli e fregi in oro. Piatti inquadrati a secco con titoli centrali. Tagli dorati. Esemplare fresco, a carte candide ed in perfetto stato di conservazione. Bella serie di ritratti dei principali personaggi della vita culturale e politica francese ottocentesca. La qualità della litografia è di sorprendente bellezza; vi è poi da notare che tutti i ritratti sono stati eseguiti da fotografie dei maggiori fotografi del tempo (Nadar, Meyer et Pierson, Bisson, P. Petit, Carjat, Trinquart, ecc.). Ciascun ritratto è accompagnato da una pagina con note biografiche ed una pagina di autografo. Fra i personaggi ritratti: Arago, Berlioz, E. Delacroix, Gavarni, Victor Hugo, Ingres, Lamartine, Lesseps, Meyerbeer, George Sand, ecc.

      [Bookseller: Studio Bibliografico Benacense]
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        Ueber verschiedene für die Anwendung bequeme Formen der Hauptgleichungen der mechanischen Wärmetheorie.[Zürich: Fäsi & Beer, 1865].

      The true first edition (see below) of Clausius' introduction of the term 'entropy' and the culmination of his work on the second law of thermodynamics. Clausius is today regarded, alongside Sadi Carnot, as the founder of modern thermodynamics.<br/><br/> Clausius explains his introduction of the term 'entropy' as follows: "I propose to name the quantity <i>S</i> the entropy of the system, after the Greek word [&tau;&rho;&omicron;&pi;&eta; <i>trope</i>], the transformation. I have deliberately chosen the word entropy to be as similar as possible to the word energy: the two quantities to be named by these words are so closely related in physical significance that a certain similarity in their names appears to be appropriate." Clausius concludes the present paper with his now classic statement of the first and second laws of thermodynamics: 'Die Energie der Welt ist constant; die Entropie strebt einen Maximum zu.' ('The energy of the universe is constant; the entropy of the universe tends towards a maximum'). <br/><br/> "The beautiful symmetry of this statement... did not suffice to impose the [entropy] concept in early thermodynamics. Clausius himself preferred the now forgotten concept of disgregation, which he intuitively grasped as the dispersion of the molecules of a body... the leaders of British thermodynamics judged the entropy concept too abstract and rather reasoned in terms of available and dissipated energy, which directly referred to the human ability to exploit energy sources - and, for Thomson, to God's unwillingness to intervene in the created world. In their treatises on heat James Clerk Maxwell and his friend Peter Guthrie Tate cared so little about Clausius's entropy as to give an erroneous definition of it. <br/><br/> "French, German and American thermodynamicists were more receptive to this notion. In the 1870s, the engineer François Massieu discovered that the entropy function could be used to form thermodynamic potentials from which all the thermodynamic properties of a substance resulted by simple derivations; and the American Josiah Willard Gibbs founded the laws of chemical equilibrium on Clausius's entropy law. In the 1880s, Hermann von Helmholtz recovered similar laws... and his disciple Max Planck reformulated thermodynamics on the basis of the energy and entropy laws. By the end of the century, the entropy concept belonged to the standard equipment of well-educated physcists..." (Garrigol, pp. 4-5). <br/><br/> The present paper was presented to the <i>Naturforschenden Gesellschaft</i> of Zürich on 25th April, 1865 and published in July. It was then republished in the 1st August issue of <i>Annalen der Physik</i> (Bd. 125, No. 9, pp. 353-400). Although it is the <i>Annalen</i> issue that is referred to by most bibliographies (e.g. DSB), the present issue is the true first publication of this important paper. <br/><br/> See DSB III: 303-11 and O. Darrigol, "The origins of the entropy concept", Séminaire Poincaré 2 (2003), 1-12.. 8vo (196 x 130 mm), pp 1-59 in 'Vierteljahrsschrift der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Zürich', 10. Jahrgang, Erstes Heft, 1865. Extracted in original plain yellow wrappers, fine and clean throughout

      [Bookseller: Sophia Rare Books]
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        A Dynamical Theory of the Electromagnetic Field. Received October 27, - Read December 8, 1864.

      London, Taylor and Francis, 1865. 4to. No wrappers as extracted from "Philosophical Transactions", Vol. 155. Title-page to volume 155. Pp. 459-512. Title-page with minor light browning at corners. Internally clean. A stamp on verso of title-page.. First printing of this fundamental paper, in which Maxwell unified the theory of light-waves, electricity, and magnetism in his spectacular laws of electromagnetism. The paper represents THE BIRTH OF ONE OF THE GREATEST DISCOVERIES IN THE HISTORY OF SCIENCE and the most SPECTACULAR TRIUMPH OF THE 19TH CENTURY - it had an enormous impact on science and technology. Working out a few simple equations that expressed all the varied phenomena of electricity and magnetism, Maxwell bound them indissolubly together, showing that electricity and magnetism could not exist in isolation. Maxwell's suggestion that electromagnetic waves could be generated in a laboratory was confirmed by Heinrich Hertz's in 1887 and laid the foundations for the later inventions of radio, television, and radar."Since Maxwell's time, Physical Reality has been thought of as represented by continuous fields...not capable of any mechanical interpretation. This change in the conception of Reality is the most profound and the most fruitful that physics has experienced since the time of Newton."(Albert Einstein in "James Clerk Maxwell" 1931)."James Clerk Maxwell (1831-79) succeeded in formulating Faraday's geometrical ideas in exact mathematical language. He became the founder of the electromagnetic field theory which described all electric and magnetic action as the consequence of eight partial differential equations of the first order, the celebrated "Maxwellian equations". These equations established the interrelation between two fundamental field vectors, the electric and the magnetic field strength, based on Faraday's experiments, but augmented by the 'displacement current' which was too small to be directly observable by the instruments available in his time - it was put in solely by Maxwell's ingenious intuition.....The Maxwellian theory gave Faraday's field ideas their full significance and became the most important accomplishment of nineteenth-century physics. We could not imagine the physics of our day without the Maxwellian theory, even if we know today that these equations describe the electric phenomena only in their macroscopic manifestations, but fail to account for the atomistic structure of electricity demonstrated by the existence of the electron and proton." (Cornelius Lanzos in "The Einstein Decade (1905-1915", p.71-72)."A generation later Einstein's work on relativity was founded directly upon Maxwell's electromagnetic theory; it was this that led him to equate Faraday with Galileo and Maxwell with Newton." (PMM No 355). - Dibner. Heralds of Science No 68. - Milestones of Science No 144

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        Yachts and Yacht Building: Being a Treatise on the Construction of Yachts and Other Matters Relating to Yachting.

      E.& F.N. Spon, London 1865. 8vo. XII + 92 pages + VIII tables + 10 foldable plates. Illustrated in b/w. Publisher's blue, blind-tooled cloth with gilt title and decoration on front cover. Covers with very light signs of use. On the paste down a book plate and an owner's stamp mark in blue, both from "Handels- of Søfartsmuseet paa Kronborg". On the half-title page a red stamp mark stating "Kasseret af Handels- og Søfartsmuseet" (Discarded from "The museum of Trade and Merchant Shipping"). The largest of the foldable plates with some marginal wear to the uncut parts stretching out from the book. In all other regards a very fine and well preserved copy of this very rare book on how to outline and build your own yacht.. An early, but very important book on Yacht building, from the beginning of the Era when privately build and used larger vessels were becoming more and more popular

      [Bookseller: Vangsgaards Antikvariat]
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        Juive d'Alger

      Paris: Published by A. Cadart et Luquet, 79, rue de Richelieu, 1865. Etching. Printed on watermarked aqua-fortistes laid paper. State i/iii, before letters with artist's name and date engraved in the upper left corner of plate. Monogram in upper right corner of plate. Full sheet in excellent condition. Image size: 7 7/8 x 6 1/6inches. 8 ½ x 6 13/16 inches. 20 3/8 x 13 1/2 inches. This stunning image is a rich proof impression of Delacroix's famous print, "Juive d'Alger." In early 1832 Delacroix visited North Africa. He accompanied his friend the Count de Mornay on his good-will mission to the Sultan of Morocco, Abd-er-Rahman II. This experience had a drastic influence on his art, introducing an edge of brilliant realism into his majestic paintings and bold engravings. He filled countless sketchbooks with drawings and observations of Arab life and gathered a wealth of ideas that served him for the rest of his life. This sumptuous etching is inspired by Delacroix's travels in North Africa, and is considered one of his greatest prints. Assigned to the delegation as dragoman was Abraham-Ben-Chimol of Tangiers, a Jew who introduced Delacroix to his wife and daughter. Delacroix was greatly influenced by this encounter and he did a number of images depicting young Jewish women in simple interiors. This breathtaking image depicts a young Jewish woman in traditional dress, seated in a simple room; she is accompanied by an Algerian woman who is seated on the floor beside her. The leader of the French Romantic movement, Delacroix is widely considered to be one of the greatest French painters in history, but he is also one the most hailed printmakers of the modern age. The simple lines and bold textures of this monumental print delineate Delacroix's genius, and distinguish him as a true master of his art. This is an exceptional early impression of this important print, executed before the published title and publication details were added. Included in one of the first collections of the Society de Aqua-Fortistes publications by Cadart, this print is extremely rare in this early state. With its rich dark tones and fresh details, this is a magnificent example of Delacroix's work and a true collectors item. Between 1862 and 1866 the Societe des Aqua- Fortistes produced a five-volume collection of artists' etchings entitled "Euax-Fortes Modernes." Printed on laid paper made especially for the series, this outstanding collection is one of the seminal publications to spring out of the etching revival in France. The Societe des Aqua- Fortistes was the French equivalent of the Etching Club in England and similarly it aimed to produce a collection of high quality etchings by the leading artists of the period. Like the Etching Club, the Societe des Aqua- Fortistes sought to raise the prestige of the medium from a reproductive technique to a fine art. Although the etching revival began somewhat earlier in England, the French movement exerted a far greater influence on the medium, and included a wider range of prominent artists. The Barbizon painters were among the earliest French artists to participate in the etching revival, and their superb prints helped raise the medium to new heights of genius. This unique publication, which included works by Manet, Corot, and Delacroix, is an outstanding example of fine art printing at its best Delteil, Le Peintre-Gravure Illustre, vol. III, no. 18, i/iii; Beraldi, Les Gravures du XIXe Siecle, Guide de l'Amateur d'Estampes Modernes, vol. V, p. 158, i/ii. Benezit, Dictionnaire des Peintres, Sculpteurs, Dessinateurs et Graveurs; Biographical information has been taken from the website of the National Gallery in Washington, and The Metropolitan Museum in New York.

      [Bookseller: Donald Heald Rare Books ]
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        Originalt fotografi.

      (Ca. 1865). 8,7 x 5,5 cm. Monteret på sort pap m. guldrand (pappet måler 10,3 x 6,3 cm), for neden på forsiden trykt i guld: "Johs Jaeger/ Stockholm/ Fredsgatan 13." Det samme samt "Kongl. Hoffotograf" er trykt på bagsiden. Fotografiet forestiller en yngre Ibsen, end man normalt ser afbildet, i halv profil m. hovedet drejet til venstre, i hvid skjorte, slips og mørk velourjakke med satinkanter, uden briller.. Original photograph of the famous Norwegian playwright, the author of "Hedda Gabler" (PMM 375: "Revolution in the Theatre"), "Pillars of Society, "A Doll's House" etc, etc. Original photographs of Ibsen are hard to come by and very sought after, especially ones from before 1870

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        A DESCRIPTION OF THE GREAT BIBLE

      1865. FRY, Francis, F.S.A. A DESCRIPTION OF THE GREAT BIBLE, 1539, and the Six Editions of Cranmer's Bible, 1540 and 1541, Printed by Grafto and Whitechurch: also of the Editions, in Large Folio, of the Authorized Version of the Holy Scriptures, Printed in the Years 1611, 1613, 1617, 1634, 1640. Illustrated with Titles, and with Passages from the Editions, the Genealogies, and the Maps, Copied in Facsimile, also with Identification of every Leaf of the First Seven, and of many Leaves of the other Editions; on Fifty-One Plates. TOGETHER WITH AN ORIGINAL LEAF OF EACH OF THE EDITIONS DESCRIBED. London, Willis and Sotheran, 1865. Folio. 41.7 x 27 cm. [viii], 42pp. + 52[f., with two charts, one of them folding, and 14 original leaves from early Bibles. Francis Fry, a Quaker and an Abolitionist, based his fortune on railroads and the Fry chocolate factory. He collected more than 1300 early Bibles, focussing on Tyndale, Coverdale and Cranmer. This is an extraordinary leaf book, in almost perfect condition. Small library stamp to verso of title-page; small tear to edge of p. 29, not affecting text; toning and half-inch tear to edge of folding chart. Rebound to period in half morocco and marbled boards.

      [Bookseller: Boston Book Company ]
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        Fauna der Kieler Bucht. 2 vols

      W. Engelmann Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 1865-72. No Dust Jacket. M?s, Karl August (1825-1908) and Heinrich Adolph Meyer. Fauna der Kieler Bucht. Erster Band: Die Hinterkiemer oder Opisthobranchia. Zweiter Band: Die Prosobranchia und Lamellibranchia nebst einem Supplement zu den Opisthobranchia. Folio. xxx, 87, [11]; xxiv, 139pp. 50 lithograph plates (40 hand-colored). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 1865-72. 356 x 257 mm. Original printed boards, cloth backstrips, slight wear and spotting, small split in front inner hinge of Vol. II. Some offsetting onto first and last leaves due to acidic endpapers, minor offsetting from plates, occasional soiling but a very good copy with clean plates. Presentation inscription on the front free endpaper of Vol. II: "Der Herrn Redacteuren des Journal de Conchyliologie, Herrn Crosse und Herrn Dr. Fischer hochachtungsfoll die Verfasser." First Edition. M?s and Meyer's study of the environment and organisms of the Kieler Bucht (the Bay of Kiel in the southwestern Baltic Sea) is a pioneering work of ecology. "In the introduction to this work [M?s] set forth a program and methodology for modern ecology. The topography and variations in depth, the plant and animal life of the Kieler Bucht were characterized. The concept of 'life community' ('Lebensgemeinschaft' or 'Bioc?e') was introduced, although M?s did not define it more precisely until 1877" (Dictionary of Scientific Biography). M?s is credited with coining the term "biocenose" to refer to an ecological community or ecosystem. "Several features make the general part of Die Fauna der Kieler Bucht unusual. Though faunas were a common type of natural historical writing in the period, most concentrated on listing the animal species in a particular region. M?s and Meyer went much further, heading toward a tighter connection between a particular set of physical and chemical conditions and the life-forms they supported. In this regard, the identification of so many different faunistic zones in such a small geographic area was innovative. . . . [M]ost discussions of geographic distribution in this period considered large regions of the earth; more local discursive mappings seeking to define, for example, a peculiarly 'German' or 'European' fauna still normally covered a far broader range than the microlevels attributed to the Kiel Fjord" (Nyhart, Modern Nature: The Rise of the Biological Perspective in Germany [2009], p. 143). The second volume of this copy bears the authors' presentation inscription to M. Crosse, the editor of the Journal de Conchyliologie [Journal of Conchology]. The inscription had originally included the name of Dr. Fischer, presumably another editor of the Journal, but this was later crossed out.

      [Bookseller: Jeremy Norman's Historyofscience.com ]
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        To Madame Livia Frege: Six Songs : With German & English Words. The Music Composed By F Edward Bache

      Addison Hollier & Lucas, London. Binding: Hardcover. Book Condition: Good Condition. Dust Jacket Condition: No Dust Jacket. THIS IS ONE OF THE SCORES FROM OUR BOOK NUMBER #6647000 - Undated [1865?]. In English & German. Size: 13 inches tall by 9.5 inches. 4 pages. Quantity Available: 1. Shipped Weight: 750gms-1kgm. Category: Music; Inventory No: 6647003.

      [Bookseller: John T. & Pearl Lewis]
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        Altona. Kolor. Lithographie nach J. Gottheil bei Loeillot. Berlin, um 1865. 41 x 52 cm. Gerahmt.

      Großes Panorama in der Mitte und 8 Randansichten von Rainville's Garten, Dreifaltigkeits Kirche, Rathausmarkt, Heiligegeist Kirche, Schmidt's Tivoli, Gas Ansalt, Altona von der Nordseite und Krankenhaus. Dazwischen dezente Ornamentverzierung.- Leicht gebräunt im äußersten Rand am Passepartout.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Schramm]
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        Das Schleswig'sche Wattenmeer und die friesischen Inseln. Mit 10 Bildern und 1 Karte nach Originalzeichnungen.

      VIII, 277 S. Mit 10 getönten lithograph. Tafeln u. 1 mehrfach gefalteten getönten lithograph. Karte. Dunkelblauer Halbleinen der Zeit mit goldgeprägtem Rückentitel. Erste Ausgabe. - Alberti 687, 12. - "Ich habe mir vorgenommen ein Buch zu schreiben über meine kleine Welt, über meine kleinen nordfriesischen Inseln, meinen kleinen inselfriesischen Volksstamm und das große, gewaltige ... viel gefährdende und dereinst verschlingende Nordmeer" (Vorwort). - "Es ist H's Verdienst das Überlieferte im Sinne einer umfassenden Heimatkunde aufgezeichnet zu haben. Ohne ihn wäre das geschichtliche Wissen von den Besonderheiten Sylts und den nordfriesischen Inseln geringer" (Biographisches Lexikon für Schleswig-Holstein und Lübeck, Band 7, S. 129ff.) - Mit Abbildungen des Hafens von Husum, des Morsumkliffs, von Wyck u. Boldixum auf Föhr u. von Sylt (Keitum, Westerland, Hörnum u.a.). - Widmung auf Vortitel, durchgehend gering stockfleckig.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Eckert & Kaun GbR]
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        Preliminares da Ampelographia e Onologia do paiz Vinhateiro do Douro. Brüssel, 1865-1869. 8 Orig.-Farblithographien und 4 faksimilierte (broschierte) Texthefte in goldgepr. OLwd.-Kassette.

      Oberlé, Fastes, 983.- Seltene Serie der Suite mit den acht farblithographierten Tafeln, die die Trauben des Douro-Tals zeigen: Bastardo; Tourica; Moirisco-Tinto do Douro; Tinta Francisca; Tinta Carvalha; Tinta Casteloa; Verdelho Estimado ou Coveio; Codega.- Diese Lithographien (um 1865) wurden gezeichnet und gestochen von Emilio Pimentel.- Die vier faksimilierten Broschüren (von 2012) beschreiben den Douro Quintas und die Pflege der acht wichtigsten Sorten, aus denen der berühmte (Port-)Wein hergestellt wird.- Tafeln an den breiten weißen Rändern etwas stockfleckig.-

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Schramm]
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        Our mutual friend. london, chapman and hall, 193, piccadilly, 1865.

      Due volumi legati in uno di cm. 21, pp. xi (1) 320; vii (1) 309 (1). Con antiporta e primo frontespizio illustrati al primo volume e antiporta al secondo + 38 tavole fuori testo con incisioni di Marcus Stone. Solida ed elegante legatura novecentesca in piena pelle verde, dorso a cinque nervi con fregi in oro e titoli su doppio tassello bicolori. Piatti inquadrato da doppio filetto e tagli dorati. Sguardie marmorizzate. Entro custodia in cartonato rigido. Esemplare con poche, sporadiche fioritura, peraltro in ottimo stato di conservazione. Si tratterebbe della prima edizione e prima tiratura che si distingue per alcuni refusi tipografici segnalati tra cui la parola errata ""pricipal"" a pagina 115, linea 38.

      [Bookseller: Studio Bibliografico Benacense]
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        Sir Robert Montgomery's Camel Carriage in Government House, Lahore [pencil caption]

      Lahore ca. 1865 [Lahore, ca. 1865]. Bourne cat. # 2126. 8 3/4 x 11 1/4 in. Vintage albumen print, docketed on verso. Matted, some wrinkling and fading to margins, else near fine . British-born Samuel Bourne (1834-1912) photographed the landscape and architecture of India and the Himalayan region from 1863-1870. "[R]ecognized as an important landscape photographer, Bourne entered a partnership with Charles Shepherd" and "became a leading supplier of Indian views" (Pare, PHOTOGRAPHY AND ARCHITECTURE, p. 251)

      [Bookseller: James Cummins Bookseller ]
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        Mundapum, with facade of carved horses

      India ca. 1865 [India, ca. 1865]. Bourne cat. #2065. 9 1/4 x 11 1/4 in. Vintage albumen print, inscribed in negative, lower left ("Bourne 2065"), docketed on verso. Matted; fine . British-born Samuel Bourne (1834-1912) photographed the landscape and architecture of India and the Himalayan region from 1863-1870. "[R]ecognized as an important landscape photographer, Bourne entered a partnership with Charles Shepherd" and "became a leading supplier of Indian views" (Pare, PHOTOGRAPHY AND ARCHITECTURE, p. 251)

      [Bookseller: James Cummins Bookseller ]
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        [Fotografier efter taflor, målade af H. M. Konung Carl XV]

      Fotografie, Fr. Lamm, Stockholm. 1865-1868? Oblong folio. 28,5 x 35 cm. 23 albumen photographs mounted on heavy card board. Printed captions in swedish and french at each card board. 20th. century half cloth. Marbled board papers. Some wear to the binding. Boards a bit bent. Nice condition.. The album contains twentytwo photographs depicting oil paintings executed by king Carl XV. There is also a photo of a portrait depicting the king. In 1865 Lamm published the work "Fotografier efter taflor, målade af H. M. Konung Carl XV. Cahier I", containing 13 photographs. The present album contains all of them. It is unclear if any further parts were published. Since this album contains nine more photographs it is likely that at least one more part was in fact published. The work is not present in the "Swedish Royal Library" and, surprisingly, not in the "Bernadotte Library", the king´s private library. The only copy in the swedish library system is at "Konstfack" (Sweden´s main art school) containing nine photographs only (one doublet). All the "Konstfack" plates are present in this copy as well as in the first part of the work cited above. In 1866 Lamm was advertising to find paintings by Carl XV to reproduce in photography which suggests that the efforts were being made to publish a second part of the work, eventhough there is no evidence of a second part. Lamm was active from about 1862 to1868. Carl XV was a great art lover and a patron of the swedish art scene. He was obviously also an active painter in his own right. The album has Martin Carlssons code inscription at the back paste down "ssb5059=544-raix". The first section probably means "Stockholms stads bokauktion May 9th. 1950". The rest is unknown. Carlsson was a great print collector. He had one of the greatest Rembrandt print collections in the world and also a very large collection of Bernadotte material, which was aquired by the Royal Library after his death. He is also said to have been a forger of Rembrandt prints and using the collections at the National Museum of Fine Arts a bit to freely.The plates in this copy are: The king, Ulriksdal, Toorsebro Bruk, Upsala, Mälaren, Leckö, Ljusne Elf, Wermdön, Frötuna Kyrka, Vy från Bergslagen, Calles Klimp, Winterlandskap i Dalarne, Bäckaskog, Åminne, Lommaren, Isterdalen, Stördalshalsen, Sogn, Hardangerfjorden, Sagatjaur, Sahrasbraten, Fjellpartie i Norrige and Thelemarken. A rare set of photographs

      [Bookseller: Hammarlunds Antikvariat]
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        Recherches sur le systeme nerveux cerebro-spinal. sa structure, ses fonctions et ses maladie. paris, bailliere, 1865.

      In-8 gr. (mm. 242x157), mz. tela edit. (picc. spacchi alle cerniere), pp. (4),80. Disponibile il solo Atlante che raccoglie 40 interessanti tavole, ciasc. con più figg., disegnate dal vero da Luys e litografate da Léveillé, tutte dettagliatamente. descritte. Prima edizione. -br-Cfr. Lorenz,III,328 - Garrison-Morton,1402: "Description of the hypothalamus, 'nucleus of Luys'".-br-"Jules Bernard Luys (1828-1897), medico della Salpetrière, si dedicò allo studio dell'anatomia e dell'istologia del cervello", cosi' Diz. Treccani,VII, p. 195.Solo qualche lieve fiorit., altrim. esemplare ben conservato.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Malavasi]
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