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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1861

        A lovely detailed manuscript of Gen. Winfield Scott Hancock's attributed as being an autobiography

      n.p,, c. 1861. 12.25" x 8". "4 pages 12.25"" x 8"" on lined paper stock, each tipped into a book keeping portfolio. Light handling marks with soft folds appearing as though the pages were once inserted in an envelope. Overall near fine.A four page manuscript in another's hand, perhaps having been dictated by Hancock. Commencing with ""Brigadier General Winfield Scott Hancock. Born at Montgomery Square in Montgomery county Pennsylvania, February 14, 1824 and now 38 years of age, son of Benjamin Hancock Esq. a lawyer and distinguished citizen of Norristown Pennsylvania; Entered the military Academy in 1840, graduated in 1844 and was then commissioned as 2nd Lieut. of the 6th Infantry … ""And ending with ""His services towards the enemy in various recognizances and the incidental operations in connection therewith have marked him as an intelligent and able General""A wonderful very detailed accounting of General Winfield Scott Hancock's life, starting with his birth in 1824, and ending in approximately 1861with his assignment to a Brig in Gen. Smith's division. Worthy of future research."

      [Bookseller: University Archives]
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        HOME SQUAD. COMPANY A. SUPPLIES. EACH MEMBER IS REQUIRED TO EQUIP HIMSELF WITH THE ARTICLES ENUMERATED, AS FOLLOWS: AND TO BE READY IN MARCHING ORDER WHEN JEFF DAVIS CROSSES THE WIRE BRIDGE.

      [Philadelphia: , 1861?]. [Philadelphia:. 1861?]. Broadside, 5" x 12 3/4", with cartoon above caption title. One small blank margin chip, lightly toned, about Very Good.A rare comic broadside, with four caricatured soldiers portrayed at its top. "Facetious list of equipment and supplies required by Pennsylvania recruits." OCLC. These include "1 Leather Camp Kettle," "6 Cut Glass Champagne Goblets," "1 Poll Parrot in a Tin Cage," etc. The Head Quarters is "at the Feather Foundry, 4th of July and Plum Streets," and it is noted that "S.C. Upham, 310 Chestnut St., will furnish the above articles."OCLC 145522511 [1- Lib. Co. Phila.], 60951231 [1- NYHS] [as of October 2014].

      [Bookseller: David M. Lesser, Fine Antiquarian Books ]
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        Richard Wagner et Tannhauser a Paris.

      Paris: E. Dentu,, 1861. Duodecimo. Original grey paper wrappers, title to front cover printed black. Housed in a custom red crushed quarter morocco chemise with marbled sides and matching slipcase. Small split to head of spine, text block sound, front wrapper with some light foxing, thin mark and nicks to fore-edge, occasional light foxing to contents. An excellent copy. First edition in book form of Baudelaire's defence of Wagner. The essay, written after the opera was withdrawn following three heavily-criticised performances in Paris in 1860, first appeared in the Revue Européenne in April 1861 and Baudelaire had it issued in book form in May. It has been "hailed as the finest summary of all the tenets of Baudelaire's own aesthetic, and as a fascinating exposition of all the recurring issues of the literary response to Wagner" Breatnach, p. 49). Scarce, with just seven copies traced in commerce since 1975; just three copies traced in Copac (BL, Aberdeen and Leeds), and none in OCLC.

      [Bookseller: Peter Harrington]
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        LETTER SUMMONING GEN GRANT TO ASSUME HIS FIRST FIELD COMMAND FROM GEN FREMONT TO COL JEFFERSON C DAVIS

      An important letter written on August 27, 1861 this letter summoned U. S. Grant to General Fremont's headquarters to receive his first field command. Fremont's leadership of the Department of the West was controversial and short-lived. Lincoln removed him after only a few months. But Fremont indisputably did one very smart thing of lasting significance during period. He sent this letter. The rest is history.

      [Bookseller: Black Swan Books, Inc.]
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        A Journey to Great-Salt-Lake City

      London: W. Jeffs,, 1861. With a sketch of the history, religion, and customs of the Mormons, and an introduction on the religious movement in the United States. 2 volumes, large octavo (250 x 152 mm). Original dark blue cloth, blind-stamped overall with pattern of concentric trefoils, spines lettered and decorated in gilt, covers panel-stamped in blind with floral corner- and centrepieces within composite frame, yellow endpapers, edges untrimmed. Housed in a custom black leather entry slipcase. Engraved frontispiece to each volume, 8 similar plates, folding map. Bookplates of John George Fenwick and Robert J. Hayhurst to front pastedowns, blind-stamp of W. H. Smith & Son to front free endpapers. Spines slightly faded, light fraying to headcaps, extremities and joints rubbed, a few trivial scuffs and marks to covers, light spotting to frontispieces, tide-mark to outer corners of plates in volume 2; slipcase superficially split but holding. A very good copy. First edition in English, originally published in French the previous year as Voyage au pays des Mormons. Rémy (1826-1893) spent ten years travelling in the Americas and the Pacific, including three years in Honolulu, where he became an intimate of King Kamehameha III and met the English gentleman explorer Julius Brenchley (1816-1873). In 1855 the pair travelled from Sacramento to Salt Lake City via Varson Valley and Haw's Ranch, returning to the Pacific coast through Fillmore, Las Vegas and Los Angeles. Rémy's account, written on his return to France, includes an account of their route, the Mormon religion, the lives of Joseph Smith and Brigham Young, and extensive notes on the natural history of Utah.

      [Bookseller: Peter Harrington]
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        A Journey to Great Salt Lake City. By Jules Remy and Julius Brenchly, M.A.; With a Sketch of the History, Religion, and Customs of the Mormons, and an Introduction on the Religious Movement in the United States

      W. Jeffs, London 1861 - Two volume set. 605 & 508pp. Octavos [26 cm] Original violet cloth with titles gilt stamped on backstrips and Salt Lake Temple gilt stamped on front boards. Very good. Minor overall fading to boards. Head of boards and backstrip of volume one shows light staining and discoloring. Corners bumped. Internally clean. Bookplate on front pastedown of the second volume. All ten illustrations and the fold-out map are present. Early description of the Mormons and the Salt Lake Valley originally published in French. This is the first English language edition. Flake/Draper 6867. Howes R204. Wagner/Camp 364:2. Scallawagiana 59. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Ken Sanders Rare Books, ABAA]
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        CSA Patriotic Stars and Bars Postal Cover

      Confederate States of America 1861 - Patriotic Envelope - 3c Washington (Scott #26) - Atchison, Kan to Montgomery, Alabama, CSA - Atchison KAN CDS tied to stamp - CSA Patriotic Cover (1st National Flag of CSA incl's names of Jeff. Davis-Pres and Alex. H Stephens-Vice Pres in script - Verso incl's ink notation " Anonymous, Atchison Kansas against coercion April 1861" -, Worn, ragged, discolored, stains, tears, chips and damaged stamp. , Extremely scarce (ref unused envelope not previously recorded on Pg 4 of John L Kimbrough website - jlkstamps) postal cover for Philately, Postal History, Civil War, Border War and Bleeding Kansas collectors. Early patriotic cover is addressed to "Hon Alex Stephens" (VP of the CSA) at the CSAs temporary Capital of Montgomery and was mailed same month as attack on Ft Sumter, which marked the beginning of the U.S. Civil War. Sender mailed this during the wind down of the "Bleeding Kansas" era from Atchison, KS, a city founded pro-slavery in 1854 which became anti-slavery in 1858 though citizen violence continued through 1861. The illustrated flag is the CSAs first official flag, the 7-star version used from 4 Mar - 6 May 1861. Until the unused finding by Kimbrough, this was truly a one-of-a-kind. Scott '89; value on patriotic cover; $1200

      [Bookseller: Jayhawker Special Collections]
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        Great Expectations. FIRST EDITION. Vol. I: first impression; vol. II: 2nd impression; vol. III: first impression. 3 vols.

      Chapman & Hall. 1861 Occasional interior marking; text block very slightly cut down with no loss of text. Contemp. half dark green morocco, spines gilt in compartments; vols II & III spine numbers reversed, spine of vol. II (ie III) sl. faded. A v.g. copy in custom-made green slipcase, edged with green morocco.Collated with the Clarendon Edition (Appendix D). As with the Bodleian edition, vol. III has the faults emended on pp103 & 193, suggesting a second state of the first impression.

      [Bookseller: Jarndyce Rare Books]
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        RARE Original Document - Act to Regulate the Sale of Opium and Bhang in Guyana

      British Guiana, 1861. Georgetown, Demerara, British Guiana, 9 October 1861. "An Ordinance to Regulate the Sale of Opium and Bhang." Original Act from the colonial Court of Policy, issued and signed in the original by William Walker, Lieutenant Governor and Commander in Chief of British Guiana, dealing with the legalization of opium, and also of bhang (an edible preparation of cannabis), in terms of importation, duties and taxation, sales, and medical prescription. Featuring also the signature of Magistrate James Ochterlony Lockhard Mure, then Acting Secretary under Walker. Tall 8vo. 4 pages, one double-leaf measuring approximately 19,5 x 31 cm, printed by Robert Short, Georgetown, Demerara. With official paper seal and two original signatures. Very good condition, crisp and bright. Rare. Vice-Admiral William Walker, was twice Lieutenant Governor and Commander in Chief of the Colony of British Guiana, from 1848-1849 and 1853-1854. He entered British Colonial Service in 1836, becoming Lieutenant Governor and Government Secretary of British Guiana in 1847. He also served as Acting Governor in 1857 and in 1861, during the tenure of Lieutenant Governor Sir Philip Edmond Wodehouse, most likely when the latter took leave for rest or recovery from attacks by civilians opposing his tax laws. In 1867 he was part of a committee preparing for British Guiana's participation in the Universal Exhibition held in Paris. James Ochterlony Lockhard Mure was in British Guiana as early as 1839, working as a stipendiary magistrate for the colony. By 1860 he was Justice of the Peace and in 1862 he served as Administrator-General of Demerary and Essequebo. He died in Georgetown, 28 February 1863. An immensely fascinating document concerning the legalisation of opium and cannabis in British Guiana 1861, making the narcotics available at licensed retail shops or by medicinal prescription, though subject to the autocratic policy of the British Governor himself. This original colonial document represents the direct consequence of the 1860 trade agreement signed in Peking which effectively coerced China to open its country to foreign trade, and also to legalize the opium trade. To legislate and control the trade and usage of opium would generate a sizeable revenue stream for Great Britain, not only in China, but also in her overseas colonies. Immediately after the Second Opium War (1856-1860) concessions were put into place to achieve exactly that. This particular ordinance was enacted on 9 October and to come into effect on 15 November, 1861. In British Guiana, a mild form of marijuana called 'bhang' was included in the newly taxable and regulated popular narcotics. Both opium and bhang are the subject of this Act, which sets forth in painstaking detail and legalese, strict rules for obtaining a retail license to begin with. Once approved and licensed to sell opium or bhang, fees having been paid to the colonial government of course, all sorts of other regulations followed, including mandatory storefront signage, detailed record keeping and inventory control, specific importation procedures which could only be done through the government's authorized warehouse. Duty and taxes are outlined, as are penalties and fines for any breach of obligation. The document specifically mentions that it is unlawful for hospitals to sell their supply of opium, and the penalties that would incur from doing so. To enforce the iron-fisted control over these coveted substances, the Act provides for random inspections, as well as seizures and forfeitures by any commissary of taxation, police officer, or constable. Strict limitations were imposed as to the quantities one could sell or prescribe as medication, within a twenty-four hour period, quantities which, it has been said, were inadequate for any reasonable use. [James Rodway, for example, in his book published in 1902, "The Forest People of British Guiana," discussed "some absurd restrictions... really little better than instruments of oppression." He explains, "For about twenty years a law was in force that, if carried out, would have been absolutely prohibitive, yet at that very time a druggist paid duty on as much as six hundred pounds of opium every month. Every druggist was allowed to import as much as he pleased, and licensed retailers bought from them. But the difficulty was that only five grains could be legally bought by one person. The opium smoker does not use the drug in a crude state, and he must have at least half an ounce to prepare his extract. It followed, therefore, that not a single ounce of the one to two thousand pounds imported monthly was disposed of in a legal manner."] Excerpts from the document: "Whereas the most serious mischiefs have arisen from the pernicious use of Opium and Bhang by many of the Coolie and Chinese immigrants in this Colony... it is necessary to place the sale thereof under stringent regulations... therefore enacted by His Excellency the Lieutenant-Governor of British Guiana..." "It shall not be lawful for any person... to deal in, sell, barter, or otherwise dispose of any Opium or Bhang, unless he shall at the time be possessed of a retail license in manner and form hereinafter provided, or unless he shall sell or dispose of the same to a duly authorised person from and out of the Colonial Bonded Warehouse..." "It shall not be lawful for any Druggist to sell or deliver to any person whatsoever any Bhang, nor any Opium except upon prescription or order in writing of a duly licensed medical practitioner or except bona-fide compounded as a medicine......" "It shall be lawful for the Governor to cause license to deal in Opium and Bhang by retail... subject to such Rules and Regulations as the Governor and Court of Policy shall be pleased... but no Opium or Bhang shall be allowed to be smoked or consumed on the premises of any licensed dealer... nor shall the holder of any license to keep any Retail Spirit Shop or Liquor Store be allowed to take out a license to deal on the same premises in Opium or Bhang by retail. " "Every person licensed... shall affix on the outside of the principal door... painted in plain legible words and figures his name and the words 'Licensed to deal in Opium and Bhang by retail'..." "Every dealer in Opium and Bhang by retail, shall keep a book shewing the stock on hand, and the daily quantities of Opium or Bhang received, sold, or disposed of, with the names and addresses..." "... no dealer... shall sell... within one period of twenty-four hours, to or for the use of one person, any quantity of Opium exceeding Five Grains, or any quantity of Bhang exceeding Ten Grains..." "If any Commissary of Taxation, Police Officer, or Constable shall know or have reasonable cause to suspect that any Opium or Bhang is in the illegal possession of any person... such Justice may... enter the house or place... and to seize the same; and all Opium or Bhang so seized shall be forfeited..." "In case any information, suit, or action shall be brought to trial on account of any detention or seizure made under this Ordinance, and a sentence of judgment shall be for the claimant..." "If any person shall molest, hinder, oppose, or obstruct any Controller, Commissary, or other officer acting in the execution of the powers and authorities granted...shall forfeit and pay a sum..." "If any person shall forge, counterfeit, or altar any permit..." "It shall be lawful for the Governor, with or without the advice and consent of the Court of Policy, to order any Opium or Bhang seized... also to remit or mitigate any fine, penalty, or forfeiture incurred..." "The term Opium shall mean any Opium, whether pure or mixed with any ingredient... not being intended for medicinal purposes only; the term Bhang..." End excerpts. With the Second Opium War (1856-1860) the British Empire sought to legalize the opium trade, to expand and regulate the coolie trade, to open all of China to British merchants, to exempt foreign imports from internal transit duties, and to suppress piracy. France joined Britain in the war while Russia supported the final campaign, port treaties, and so forth. At the conclusion of the war, the Convention of Beijing indeed caused the opium trade to be legalized, the Chinese government levying a small import tax on opium. The agreement also facilitated easier access to China with the opening of five treaty ports, and, for the first time, foreign merchants were also permitted access to the vast hinterland of China beyond the coast. By this time, opium imports to China had reached 50,000 to 60,000 chests a year, which would continue to increase for the next three decades. British Guiana was the name of the British colony on the northern coast of South America, now the independent nation of Guyana. The area was originally settled by the Dutch as the colonies of Berbice, Demerara, and Essequibo, then captured by the British in 1796 and officially ceded in 1814, and consolidated into a single colony in 1831. Slavery had been abolished in Great Britain in 1834, on paper at least. The Chinese community has played an important role in British Guiana since 1853. Nearly fourteen thousand (14,000) Chinese arrived in British Guiana between 1853 and 1879 on 39 vessels from Hong Kong to fill the labor shortage on the sugar plantations engendered by the abolition of slavery. Leaving their homeland under indentured labor contracts, in the early years, many were "the offscourings of Canton - gaol-birds, loafers and vagabonds," who swiftly deserted the plantations and took to bootlegging, burglary and robbery and kept brothels and gambling houses. Eighty-five percent of these immigrants were men, and most returned to China or emigrated to other parts of the Guianas and the Caribbean after completing or escaping their indentures. Those who remained soon turned to trade, competing effectively with the Portuguese and East Indians, who had also entered as indentured laborers, in the retail sector. Look-Lai reports important Chinese import and wholesale traders by the 1880s and that the 1890s saw Chinese "druggists, butchers, hucksters, cart and boat cab owners, barbers, laundrymen and legal sellers of opium and ganja (marijuana)" and holding fifty percent of food shop licenses and ninety percent of liquor licenses. By the end of the 19th century, the Chinese had transcended their early reputation for criminality and come to be regarded as worthy, law-abiding, industrious citizens. The Governor of British Guiana was the Crown representative in British Guiana. The office existed from 1831 when the colonies of Demerara-Essequibo and Berbice united as British Guiana until 1966 when Guyana attained independence. The Court of Policy of Guiana in South America was a legislative body established in 1732 by Dutch authorities, which continued, with some administrative changes when the region came under British rule, until 1928. For most of its existence it formed the Combined Court together with the six Financial Representatives. The Court of Policy and the courts of justice, controlled by the plantation owners, constituted the center of power in British Guiana. The colonists who sat on the Court of Policy and the courts of justice were appointed by the governor from a list of nominees submitted by two electoral colleges. In turn, the seven members of each College of Electors were elected for life by those planters possessing twenty-five or more slaves. Raising and disbursing revenue was the responsibility of the Combined Court, which included members of the Court of Policy and six additional financial representatives appointed by the College of Electors. In 1855 the Combined Court also assumed responsibility for setting the salaries of all government officials. Finally, in the late 1880s, pressure from the new Afro-Guyanese middle class for constitutional reform was increasing. . Very Good.

      [Bookseller: Voyager Press Rare Books & Manuscripts, ]
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        John Wanamaker's Bible Inscribed to his good friend: Marketing Genius

      Hardcover. Good. US Merchant, Christian Leader, Civic & political figure - considered a "Pioneer in Marketing" founded one of the 1st department stores in the US. He opened his first store in 1861, called "Oak Hall", at Sixth and Market Streets in Philadelphia, adjacent to the site of George Washington's Presidential home. Oak Hall grew substantially based on Wanamaker's then-revolutionary principle: "One price and goods returnable".

      [Bookseller: Cross and Crown Rare Books]
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        Great Expectations. FIRST EDITION. Vol. I: first impression; vol. II: 2nd impression ('second edition'); vol. III: 2nd impression ('second edition'). 3 vols.

      Chapman & Hall. 1861 The odd spot in prelims. Contemp. half dark green calf, spines gilt in compartments, brown morocco spine labels, marbled boards, edges & e.ps. Armorial bookplates of Arbuthnot Charles Guthrie Duart. A v.g. attractive set.Collated with the Clarendon Edition (Appendix D).

      [Bookseller: Jarndyce Rare Books]
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        Edith, the Captive; or, The Robbers of Epping Forest. By the Author of "Jane Brightwell". FIRST EDITION? 2 vols.

      (John Dicks.) [1861-62] Illus. by F. Gilbert & G.F. Sargent. 2 vols in 1 in later half dark green calf; spine faded and mislettered Erryn. A v.g. clean copy.Ono 549. In 104 pts, bound with both titlepages; the text in two columns. Gutters reveal the Author as Malcolm J. Errym, the pseudonym of Rymer, but this volume is too tightly bound to read all the information. On better quality paper.

      [Bookseller: Jarndyce Rare Books]
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        Signed Autograph Manuscript. An extract from <em>Paul the Pope and Paul the Friar

      1861 24 lines written in black ink on 1 side of a single 4to leaf.Thomas Adolphus Trollope, 1810-1892, Anthony&apos;s eldest brother, was a novelist, journalist, editor, and committed Italophile. Resident in Florence from the early 1840s, he produced several well-received novels based on life in that country, often returning to the deep well of Papal intrigue for his stories. Paul the Pope and Paul the Friar

      [Bookseller: Jarndyce Rare Books]
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        Legalizing Opium and Marijuana After the Second Opium War - "Serious Mischiefs of Coolies and Chinese"

      Georgetown, Demerara, British Guiana, 9 October 1861. "An Ordinance to Regulate the Sale of Opium and Bhang." Original Act from the colonial Court of Policy, issued and signed in the original by William Walker, Lieutenant Governor and Commander in Chief of British Guiana, dealing with the legalization of opium, and also of bhang (an edible preparation of cannabis), in terms of importation, duties and taxation, sales, and medical prescription. Featuring also the signature of Magistrate James Ochterlony Lockhard Mure, then Acting Secretary under Walker. Tall 8vo. 4 pages, one double-leaf measuring approximately 19,5 x 31 cm, printed by Robert Short, Georgetown, Demerara. With official paper seal and two original signatures. Vice-Admiral William Walker, was twice Lieutenant Governor and Commander in Chief of the Colony of British Guiana, from 1848-1849 and 1853-1854. He entered British Colonial Service in 1836, becoming Lieutenant Governor and Government Secretary of British Guiana in 1847. He also served as Acting Governor in 1857 and in 1861, during the tenure of Lieutenant Governor Sir Philip Edmond Wodehouse, most likely when the latter took leave for rest or recovery from attacks by civilians opposing his tax laws. In 1867 he was part of a committee preparing for British Guiana's participation in the Universal Exhibition held in Paris. James Ochterlony Lockhard Mure was in British Guiana as early as 1839, working as a stipendiary magistrate for the colony. By 1860 he was Justice of the Peace and in 1862 he served as Administrator-General of Demerary and Essequebo. He died in Georgetown, 28 February 1863. An immensely fascinating document concerning the legalisation of opium and cannabis in British Guiana 1861, making the narcotics available at licensed retail shops or by medicinal prescription, though subject to the autocratic policy of the British Governor himself. This original colonial document represents the direct consequence of the 1860 trade agreement signed in Peking which effectively coerced China to open its country to foreign trade, and also to legalize the opium trade. To legislate and control the trade and usage of opium would generate a sizeable revenue stream for Great Britain, not only in China, but also in her overseas colonies. Immediately after the Second Opium War (1856-1860) concessions were put into place to achieve exactly that. This particular ordinance was enacted on 9 October and to come into effect on 15 November, 1861. In British Guiana, a mild form of marijuana called 'bhang' was included in the newly taxable and regulated popular narcotics. Both opium and bhang are the subject of this Act, which sets forth in painstaking detail and legalese, strict rules for obtaining a retail license to begin with. Once approved and licensed to sell opium or bhang, fees having been paid to the colonial government of course, all sorts of other regulations followed, including mandatory storefront signage, detailed record keeping and inventory control, specific importation procedures which could only be done through the government's authorized warehouse. Duty and taxes are outlined, as are penalties and fines for any breach of obligation. The document specifically mentions that it is unlawful for hospitals to sell their supply of opium, and the penalties that would incur from doing so. To enforce the iron-fisted control over these coveted substances, the Act provides for random inspections, as well as seizures and forfeitures by any commissary of taxation, police officer, or constable. Strict limitations were imposed as to the quantities one could sell or prescribe as medication, within a twenty-four hour period, quantities which, it has been said, were inadequate for any reasonable use. [James Rodway, for example, in his book published in 1902, "The Forest People of British Guiana," discussed "some absurd restrictions... really little better than instruments of oppression." He explains, "For about twenty years a law was in force that, if carried out, would have been absolutely prohibitive, yet at that very time a druggist paid duty on as much as six hundred pounds of opium every month. Every druggist was allowed to import as much as he pleased, and licensed retailers bought from them. But the difficulty was that only five grains could be legally bought by one person. The opium smoker does not use the drug in a crude state, and he must have at least half an ounce to prepare his extract. It followed, therefore, that not a single ounce of the one to two thousand pounds imported monthly was disposed of in a legal manner."] Excerpts from the document: "Whereas the most serious mischiefs have arisen from the pernicious use of Opium and Bhang by many of the Coolie and Chinese immigrants in this Colony... it is necessary to place the sale thereof under stringent regulations... therefore enacted by His Excellency the Lieutenant-Governor of British Guiana..." "It shall not be lawful for any person... to deal in, sell, barter, or otherwise dispose of any Opium or Bhang, unless he shall at the time be possessed of a retail license in manner and form hereinafter provided, or unless he shall sell or dispose of the same to a duly authorised person from and out of the Colonial Bonded Warehouse..." "It shall not be lawful for any Druggist to sell or deliver to any person whatsoever any Bhang, nor any Opium except upon prescription or order in writing of a duly licensed medical practitioner or except bona-fide compounded as a medicine......" "It shall be lawful for the Governor to cause license to deal in Opium and Bhang by retail... subject to such Rules and Regulations as the Governor and Court of Policy shall be pleased... but no Opium or Bhang shall be allowed to be smoked or consumed on the premises of any licensed dealer... nor shall the holder of any license to keep any Retail Spirit Shop or Liquor Store be allowed to take out a license to deal on the same premises in Opium or Bhang by retail. " "Every person licensed... shall affix on the outside of the principal door... painted in plain legible words and figures his name and the words 'Licensed to deal in Opium and Bhang by retail'..." "Every dealer in Opium and Bhang by retail, shall keep a book shewing the stock on hand, and the daily quantities of Opium or Bhang received, sold, or disposed of, with the names and addresses..." "... no dealer... shall sell... within one period of twenty-four hours, to or for the use of one person, any quantity of Opium exceeding Five Grains, or any quantity of Bhang exceeding Ten Grains..." "If any Commissary of Taxation, Police Officer, or Constable shall know or have reasonable cause to suspect that any Opium or Bhang is in the illegal possession of any person... such Justice may... enter the house or place... and to seize the same; and all Opium or Bhang so seized shall be forfeited..." "In case any information, suit, or action shall be brought to trial on account of any detention or seizure made under this Ordinance, and a sentence of judgment shall be for the claimant..." "If any person shall molest, hinder, oppose, or obstruct any Controller, Commissary, or other officer acting in the execution of the powers and authorities granted...shall forfeit and pay a sum..." "If any person shall forge, counterfeit, or altar any permit..." "It shall be lawful for the Governor, with or without the advice and consent of the Court of Policy, to order any Opium or Bhang seized... also to remit or mitigate any fine, penalty, or forfeiture incurred..." "The term Opium shall mean any Opium, whether pure or mixed with any ingredient... not being intended for medicinal purposes only; the term Bhang..." End excerpts. With the Second Opium War (1856-1860) the British Empire sought to legalize the opium trade, to expand and regulate the coolie trade, to open all of China to British merchants, to exempt foreign imports from internal transit duties, and to suppress piracy. France joined Britain in the war while Russia supported the final campaign, port treaties, and so forth. At the conclusion of the war, the Convention of Beijing indeed caused the opium trade to be legalized, the Chinese government levying a small import tax on opium. The agreement also facilitated easier access to China with the opening of five treaty ports, and, for the first time, foreign merchants were also permitted access to the vast hinterland of China beyond the coast. By this time, opium imports to China had reached 50,000 to 60,000 chests a year, which would continue to increase for the next three decades. British Guiana was the name of the British colony on the northern coast of South America, now the independent nation of Guyana. The area was originally settled by the Dutch as the colonies of Berbice, Demerara, and Essequibo, then captured by the British in 1796 and officially ceded in 1814, and consolidated into a single colony in 1831. Slavery had been abolished in Great Britain in 1834, on paper at least. The Chinese community has played an important role in British Guiana since 1853. Nearly fourteen thousand (14,000) Chinese arrived in British Guiana between 1853 and 1879 on 39 vessels from Hong Kong to fill the labor shortage on the sugar plantations engendered by the abolition of slavery. Leaving their homeland under indentured labor contracts, in the early years, many were "the offscourings of Canton - gaol-birds, loafers and vagabonds," who swiftly deserted the plantations and took to bootlegging, burglary and robbery and kept brothels and gambling houses. Eighty-five percent of these immigrants were men, and most returned to China or emigrated to other parts of the Guianas and the Caribbean after completing or escaping their indentures. Those who remained soon turned to trade, competing effectively with the Portuguese and East Indians, who had also entered as indentured laborers, in the retail sector. Look-Lai reports important Chinese import and wholesale traders by the 1880s and that the 1890s saw Chinese "druggists, butchers, hucksters, cart and boat cab owners, barbers, laundrymen and legal sellers of opium and ganja (marijuana)" and holding fifty percent of food shop licenses and ninety percent of liquor licenses. By the end of the 19th century, the Chinese had transcended their early reputation for criminality and come to be regarded as worthy, law-abiding, industrious citizens. The Governor of British Guiana was the Crown representative in British Guiana. The office existed from 1831 when the colonies of Demerara-Essequibo and Berbice united as British Guiana until 1966 when Guyana attained independence. The Court of Policy of Guiana in South America was a legislative body established in 1732 by Dutch authorities, which continued, with some administrative changes when the region came under British rule, until 1928. For most of its existence it formed the Combined Court together with the six Financial Representatives. The Court of Policy and the courts of justice, controlled by the plantation owners, constituted the center of power in British Guiana. The colonists who sat on the Court of Policy and the courts of justice were appointed by the governor from a list of nominees submitted by two electoral colleges. In turn, the seven members of each College of Electors were elected for life by those planters possessing twenty-five or more slaves. Raising and disbursing revenue was the responsibility of the Combined Court, which included members of the Court of Policy and six additional financial representatives appointed by the College of Electors. In 1855 the Combined Court also assumed responsibility for setting the salaries of all government officials. Finally, in the late 1880s, pressure from the new Afro-Guyanese middle class for constitutional reform was increasing.

      [Bookseller: Voyager Press Rare Books & Manuscripts]
 14.   Check availability:     PBFA     Link/Print  


        Reise in den Orient Europa`s und einen Theil Westasien`s, zur Untersuchung des Bodens und seiner Producte, des Klima`s, der Salubritäts-Verhältnisse und vorherrschenden Krankheiten. Mit Beiträgen zur Geschichte, Charakteristik und Politik der Bewohner.

      Elberfeld, Bädeker 1860 - 1861. - 2 Bände. Mit einer gefalt. lithograph. Tafel. XIV, 319 S.; 4 Bll., 374 S., 1 Bl. Lwd. d. Zt. mit goldgepr. Rückentitel. Hirsch-H. V, 1009. - Seltener Reisebericht des Bonner Chirurgen. Bereiste die teils noch osmanischen Donauländer, Schwarzmeerküste, Griechenland und vor allem die Türkei und Armenien. - Seitl. Schnitt von Bd. 1 tls. tintenfleckig, sonst gutes Exemplar. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Uwe Turszynski]
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        Autograph Letter Signed

      Concord, MA: 9 February 1861 Single folded leaf, handwritten in black ink. Near fine, with some creasing to the folds, a few tiny spots to the extremities. In this letter, Emerson writes to Rev. Mr. Wheeler about which lecture he would read at an upcoming event. Specifically, Emerson suggests that he deliver the "Classes of Men" lecture, which he first delivered on November 20, 1860, in Boston. It is possible that Emerson is referring to his reading of this lecture on February 13, 1861, before the Augusta Lyceum in Augusta, Maine. Transcription: Concord, 9 Feb., 1861 My dear Sir, Thanks for your friendly note. I am not quite sure of the feasibility of reading to you the lecture you refer to: fear it may be broken up, & not quite reproducible in that form it had. But I am glad of the permission your letter gives, & will see if it be presentable: Else, may try to read my lecture on the "Classes of Men." I am much obliged to you for your offer of renewed hospitality. But I am going east-ward in the morning train, & I think it will be prudent, & more considerate of Mrs. Wheeler's morning, to stick close to the hotel & railway. But you will let me see you that evening. Your gratefully, R. W. Emerson Rev Mr. Wheeler.. Near Fine.

      [Bookseller: B & B Rare Books, Ltd., ABAA]
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        Die Uranoplastik mittelst Ablösung des mucös-periostalen Gaumenüberzuges (pp.205-287, 5 z.T. color. lith. Taf.).

      - Arch. klin. Chir., 2. - Berlin, Verlag von August Hirschwald, 1861, 8°, IV, 661, (1) pp., mit 11 z.T. in Farbendruck lith. Tafeln, 7 Curven-Tafeln und 21 Holzschnitte, Leinenband d.Zt. ERSTE AUSGABE. Ein klassischer Text der Plastischen Chirurgie. - "Vorzügliche Arbeit über die Geschichte und über die pathologischen Verhältnisse der Gaumenspalten, besonders aber Beschreibung einer Operationsmethode, welche geeignet ist, dem neuzubildenden Gaumen knöcherne Beschaffenheit zu geben. Man vergl. das Nähere darüber im Texte" ". durch Klarheit der Darstellung und anatomische Begründung aller bisherigen Veröffentlichungen auf diesem Gebiete weit übertraf, gestaltete er das Verfahren so, das es das allgemein anerkannte Normalverfahren der Uranoplastik wurde." Trendelenburg, 25 Jahre Dt. Ges. f. Chir., S.212. - FIRST EDITION. Bernhard von Langenbeck (1810-1887), one of the most distinguished surgeons of the nineteenth century, became professor in Kiel 1842, and succeeded Dieffenbach in the chair of surgery at Berlin. His operations and improvements of the technical method of surgical operations are too numerous to mention. Some of the most important of them relate to plastic surgery. He founded the German-Surgical-Society and the "Archiv für Chirurgie". Many of the greatest surgeons of Europe were Langenbeck's pupils, notably Billroth and Gurlt. Langenbeck was a skilful operator and excellent teacher. The above classical text deals with surgical removal of cleft palate and is particulary valuable on account of its fine illustrations. - "What von Langenbeck did contribute was a most major step - raising the periosteum with the mucosa, by the use of blunt elevators, from just behind the incisors to the posterior edge of the palatine bones. This proved to be the long-awaited key to sucess." F.McDowell - - F.McDowell, Source book of plastic surgery, S. 305-312 + 453-459; Gnudi-Webster, S.323; Zeis Nr.1473; Garrison & Morton No.5748 [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Antiq. F.-D. Söhn - Medicusbooks.Com]
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        Beautiful Leaved Plants; Being a description of the most beautiful leaved plants in cultivation in this country; to which is added an extended catalogue.

      Groombridge and Sons, London 1861. 144 S. mit 60 handkolorierten lith. Tafeln, Groß 8°, grünes Halbleder der Zeit mit Rückentitel auf Lederrückenschild, mit 5 Zierbünden und schlichter Rückenvergoldung, die Felder mit blindgeprägtem stilisiertem Weinblatt, Papier gelegentlich leichtbraun- oder stockfleckig, ansonsten gutes und sauberes Exemplar,Versand D: 5,00 EUR Botanik, illustrierte Bücher

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Silvanus]
 18.   Check availability:     buchfreund.de     Link/Print  


        Sveriges ätliga och giftiga svampat tecknade efter naturen under ledning af E. Fries utgifna af Kongl. Wetenskaps-Akademien.

      Stockholm, H. Klemmings Förlag / P. A. Nordtedt & Söner, 1861. Folio. (2) s. + 94 litograferte plansjer (hvorav flere dobbeltsidige). (2) + 53 + (3) s. Bundet i et senere eleg. priv. håndb. skinnbd. med fem opph. bind. Rik ryggdekor i gull (Karl Björklinds Bokbinderi). Svakt brunplettet, ellers et usedvanlig fint eks.

      [Bookseller: Ruuds Antikvariat]
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        Voyage à Terre-Neuve

      - Hachette & Cie, Paris 1861, 12x19cm, broché. - First Edition. Piccole lacune nelle mascelle superiore e inferiore, le lacune angolati sulle stoviglie, pad Hawking sul frontespizio, piacevole stato quasi gratuita all'interno eventuali lentiggini. Rare. - [FRENCH VERSION FOLLOWS] Edition originale. Petits manques en tête et en pied des mors, manques angulaires sur les plats, tampon de colportage sur la page de titre, agréable état intérieur quasi exempt de toute rousseur. Rare.

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        Storia della chiesa di Napoli provata con monumenti. Libri cinque. Naples, Stabilimento tipografico strada Banchi-Nuovi, 1861.

      1861. Large 4to. 621, (7) pp. With 8 lithogr. plates. Near-contemporary blue marbled half calf with giltstamped crest of the Ducs de Luynes to spine. Marbled endpapers. First edition of this study of the church history of Naples, from antiquity to the 18th century. The plates show ancient murals. - Occasional slight browning; a good copy. From the library of the Ducs de Luynes at the Château de Dampierre: their bookplate reproducing the arms of Charles Marie d'Albert de Luynes (1783-1839), 7th Duc de Luynes, on pastedown. ICCU SBL\0406783. OCLC 5969921.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Inlibris]
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        LA LUMIÈRE ; REVUE DE LA PHOTOGRAPHIE, BEAUX-ARTS - HÉLIOGRAPHIE - SCIENCES

      Paris: Alexis Gaudin, 1861. First edition. Folio, (ii), 96 pp. Bound in the nineteenth century with cloth-backed marbled paper over boards. 24 consecutive issues, published on the 15th and 30th of each month, each 4 pp. The complete production for 1861. Occasional stains or breaks, generally in a blank margin with the loss of a few letters in 4 instances; moderate toning; early folds from the mailing practice of the day. In all, very good. Includes the printed table of contents for the year. La Lumière was the journal of the world's first photographic society, the Société Héliographique, founded by Colonel B.R. de Montfort in January, 1851. The Société met in rooms at Col. de Montfort's home in central Paris; among its members were Baron Gros, the president, Édouard Baldus, Hippolyte Bayard, Henri Le Secq, Gustave Le Gray, Charles Nègre, Abel Niépce de Saint-Victor, Edmond Becquerel, Eugène Delacroix, Champfleury, Charles Chevalier, N.P. Lerebours, Comte L. de Laborde, Prince de Montléart, and Baron de Montesquieu. La Lumière began publication on 9 February 1851, making it the third photographic journal to appear worldwide, and the first in Europe; the other two began a few months earlier. Initially, the journal was edited by F.A. Renard, and with the second volume beginning 16 November 1851, the ownership transferred from the Société Héliographique to Alexis Gaudin. Ernest Lucan became the editor on December of 1851 and continued in that position until he resigned in December of 1860. Marc Antoine Gaudin assumed the editorship for the final years of publication. This journal is invaluable for the artistic and well as the technical discussions and criticism. WorldCat locates only a few institutional holdings, of which 4 have only the first 9 or 10 years, and the others have microform reels.

      [Bookseller: Andrew Cahan: Bookseller, Ltd]
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        LA LUMIÈRE.; REVUE DE LA PHOTOGRAPHIE, BEAUX-ARTS - HÉLIOGRAPHIE - SCIENCES

      Alexis Gaudin, Paris 1861 - Folio, (ii), 96 pp. Bound in the nineteenth century with cloth-backed marbled paper over boards. 24 consecutive issues, published on the 15th and 30th of each month, each 4 pp. The complete production for 1861. Occasional stains or breaks, generally in a blank margin with the loss of a few letters in 4 instances; moderate toning; early folds from the mailing practice of the day. In all, very good. Includes the printed table of contents for the year. La Lumière was the journal of the world's first photographic society, the Société Héliographique, founded by Colonel B.R. de Montfort in January, 1851. The Société met in rooms at Col. de Montfort's home in central Paris; among its members were Baron Gros, the president, Édouard Baldus, Hippolyte Bayard, Henri Le Secq, Gustave Le Gray, Charles Nègre, Abel Niépce de Saint-Victor, Edmond Becquerel, Eugène Delacroix, Champfleury, Charles Chevalier, N.P. Lerebours, Comte L. de Laborde, Prince de Montléart, and Baron de Montesquieu. La Lumière began publication on 9 February 1851, making it the third photographic journal to appear worldwide, and the first in Europe; the other two began a few months earlier. Initially, the journal was edited by F.A. Renard, and with the second volume beginning 16 November 1851, the ownership transferred from the Société Héliographique to Alexis Gaudin. Ernest Lucan became the editor on December of 1851 and continued in that position until he resigned in December of 1860. Marc Antoine Gaudin assumed the editorship for the final years of publication. This journal is invaluable for the artistic and well as the technical discussions and criticism. WorldCat locates only a few institutional holdings, of which 4 have only the first 9 or 10 years, and the others have microform reels. [Attributes: First Edition]

      [Bookseller: Andrew Cahan: Bookseller, Ltd., ABAA]
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        Les Souvenirs et les Regrets du Vieil Auteur Dramatique ou Lettres d'un Oncle à son Neveu sur l'Ancien Théâtre Français Depuis Bellecour [ etc. ] Ouvrage orné de gravures coloriées, représentant en pied, d'après les miniatures originales, faite d'après nature, de Foëch de Basle, de Whirsker, ces différents acteurs dans les rôles où ils ont excellé

      1 vol. in8 reliure de l'époque demi-chagrin rouge, dos à 4 nerfs orné, tranches peignées, Librairie de Alphonse Leclère, Paris, 1861, 219 pp. avec 49 planches en couleurs sous serpente Exemplaire bien complet des 49 gravures hors texte finement coloriées (la tableannonce seulement 36 planches, la Bibliographie de la France 41, et Brivois indiquait bien 49 planches). Etat satisfaisant (rel. un peu frottée avec petits accrocs et mq. en coiffes et à un nerf, une mouill. en tête court le long de l'ouvrage, mais généralement discrète, voir les photos, petit défaut angulaire d'origine au feuillet de titre). Un document important pour l'histoire du costume de théâtre. Vicaire, I, 94-95 Français

      [Bookseller: Librairie Du Cardinal]
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        Harlequin Jack and the Beanstalk, Or, The Pranks of the Good Little Fairies. A Christmas Pantomime.,

      H. J. Webb n.d., ca. 1861, London - 12mo; 18pp. Printed wraps. Accompanied by 26 uncut sheets, approximately 7 by 8½ inches, all hand colored. The sheets contain characters for the pantomime, as well as sets and wings. The harlequinade was a popular English entertainment in the 19th century, always involving such standard characters as Harlequin, Pantaloon, Columbine. They were performed at popular theaters; this title was apparently performed at the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane. Toy theaters followed: replicas of the plays, including characters and scenery. They were meant to be assembled in the home.The sheets of this toy theater are in remarkably fresh condition, with only a couple of edges a bit rough. The text has some chipping to the wrappers else is in very good condition. Rare complete. [Attributes: Soft Cover]

      [Bookseller: Thorn Books, ABAA]
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        PLAN OF CHARLESTON HARBOR, AND ITS FORTIFICATIONS

      Boston: A. Williams & Co., 1861. Lithographed map, 19 3/4 x 23 1/2 inches. Backed on archival rice paper, some repaired tears near bottom edge, tiny repair to top margin, minor dust soiling. Overall, very good. The second issue of a rare U.S. government map detailing Charleston Harbor immediately before the beginning of the Civil War. The first issue does not include the imprint from A. Williams, as seen here. The map provides exceptional detail of coastal waterways and numerous depth soundings, as well as a street plan of downtown Charleston. Fort Sumter, the site of the start of the Civil War, is clearly labeled at the center of the chart. The map also names Fort Johnson, Fort Moultrie and Moultrieville, the "Battery erected by the Secessionists," Castle Pinckney on Shute's Folly Island, and other places including Wappoo Creek, James Creek, James Island, Light House Creek, Vincent's Creek, Morris Island, and many more. The map was compiled from surveys by Elliot and Ames, and lithographed by C.D. Andrews. STEPHENSON 373 (first issue).

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        Confederate Imprint] RIFLE AND LIGHT INFANTRY TACTICS; FOR THE EXERCISE AND MANOEUVERS OF TROOPS WHEN ACTING AS LIGHT INFANTRY OR RIFLEMEN (Two Volumes in One)

      Memphis: Hutton & Freligh, 1861. Hard Cover. Octavo. Backed in red cloth with pebbled green boards and printed pastedown on the front cover; contemporary manuscript note at the bottom of the title pastedown: “Sold by Starke and Cardozo Richmond VA”; offsetting at the endpaper and adjacent leaves, but largely free of foxing throughout; rippling to the boards suggests moisture exposure though the textblock is free of tidelines; folding frontispiece figure; in-text figures throughout. The Memphis edition is without the suite of engravings. Inscription to the front pastedown reads: "To C. Ellis Munford, from T. H. Ellis, 6th June 1861." Charles Ellis Munford, Lt. Letcher Light Artillery, CSA, was killed at the battle of Malvern Hill, 1 July 1862. Charles was the son of George Wythe Munford, clerk to the House of Delegates and Secretary of the Commonwealth during the Civil War. Charles’s uncle, Thomas Harding Ellis, who presented this book, was the boyhood friend of Edgar Allan Poe (Thomas's father and Edgar's foster father where business partners until 1824). While this association is the highlight of most brief biographical sketches, Ellis had a much more meaningful life. He was a graduate of the University of Virginia and an active if not founding member of the UVA Alumni Society. He was an engaged and civic minded businessman. He spent time in the family firm, a successor of the Ellis & Allan Tobacco Company. In 1853 he succeeded John Young Mason as the president of the James River & Kanawha Canal Company up to and (at Governor John Letcher's request) throughout the Civil War. During this time he also served as a colonel of the Richmond Home Guards. He was a member of the Virginia Historical Society, an occasional contributor to the Southern Literary Messenger and the Southern Historical Society Papers, and first president of the Hollywood Cemetery Company. Both Ellis and Munford are buried in Hollywood Cemetery. A unique association copy of this book. Parrish & Willingham 4864.

      [Bookseller: Michael Pyron, Bookseller]
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        Eisenwerke oder Ornamentik der Schmiedekunst des Mittelalters und der Renaissance. (Rückenbeschriftung franz.: Serrurerie du moyen age.). Bd I (84 Taf. in 2 Mappen); Bd. II (84 Taf.)i, insgesamt 168 Tafeln (compl.) Ohne Textheft des I. Bandes..

      Frankfurt, Heinrich Keller, 1861 - 85 4°, Bd. I: 84 lose Stahlstich-Taf.; Bd. II: Textheft: 25 S., 2 Bl., 84 lose Stahlstich-Tafeln., Bibl.- Mappen m. losen Blatt., Bibl.-Schild a. Rücken, etwas berieben. Teilw. m. 2 Bibl.-Stempeln. a. Tafeln, von Hand num., etwas fingerfleckig, einige teilw. etwas angeschmtutzt, etwas wassrändig- brauchbares Exemplar. Erste Auflage. ursprünglich in 14 Lieferungen erschienen. Die detailreichen Abbildungen zeigen neben allg. Schlosserarbeiten. wie Schlössern. Schlüsseln. Bändern und Riegeln vor allem kunsthandwerkliche Gegenstände. wobei die Waffenschmiedekunst nicht vertreten ist. da der Verfasser schon früher. wie er selber im Vorwort erwähnt. ein Werk unter dem Titel \"Trachten des christlichen Mittelalters\". Darmstadt 1840-1854. über dieses Thema veröffentlicht hatte. - Jakob Heinrich Hefner. ab 1856 von Hefner-Alteneck (1811-1903). Studium der Kunstgeschichte. vornehmlich des Mittelalters. und wurde 1835 Lehrer an der erst 1833 gegründeten Gewerbeschule. Gleichzeitig war er künstlerischer Beirat der \"Müllerschen Steingutfabrik\" in Damm (Aschaffenburg). von 1835-1842 sogar Teilhaber der Fabrik. Ab 1853 Konservator der Königlichen Vereinigten Kunstsammlungen sowie zum Konservator des königlichen Kupferstich- und Handzeichnungskabinetts in München. Unter Ludwig II. wurde Hefner-Alteneck im Jahr 1868 Generalkonservator der Kunstdenkmäler Bayerns und Direktor des Bayerischen Nationalmuseums. zu dessen Entwicklung er wesentlich beigetragen hat. Versand D: 20,00 EUR Kunstgewerbe - allgemein Kunst - Kunstgeschichte, Gotik Kunst - Kunstgeschichte, Renaissance Geschichte - Mittelalter

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Peter Petrej]
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        Life of George Washington

      New York: G.P. Putnam, 1861. Leather_bound. Five volumes. Octavo. Life of George Washington by Washington Irving. Portrait and other illustration through-out. Bound in three quarter tan calf, gilt decoration to spine, brown and green title labels, all edges marbled with matching boards and endpaper. Very good +.

      [Bookseller: Imperial Fine Books]
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        A Theatrical Trip for a Wager! Through Canada and the United States. By CaptainMorton Rhys, ("Morton Price.").

      London. Published for the Authorby Charles Dudley, 4, Agar Street, West Strand. 1861. - 8vo. 21.3cm,The First Edition, [1],140p., with two tinted litho frontisportraits, (the author & Catharine Lucette), & 3 lithographedplates, (1 hand coloured & 2 tinted), "An Iceberg by Moonlight";"Now Then What Do You Want" & ". Bathing at Newport.", allplates with tissue guards,in the original blue cloth, gilt stampedpictorial design and block titles on the upper cover, (identifyingthe author as Captain Morton Price), spine edges have some wear,occasional slight dust worn internally along the fore edge but avery good to fine copy, rare.(cgc) T.P.L. 4011. Not in Lande.T.P.L. 4011. Dionne 1446. Gagnon I-3013. Sabin 70773. Howes R245.An acerbic, but funny account of a tour through Canada and theUnited States on a wager that the author could not survive purelyon the proceeds of an amateur theatrical troupe which he was toassemble for his wager. No city or town which he visited escapeshis keen eye or his biting comments. Of Kingston he writes: "It hasa market place large enough for ten Kingstons, and, I don't thinkthere is anything else worthy of note in it." Of Peterborough:"It is a most eccentric looking place. it appears to have grownprematurely aged. the greater number of houses, especially thelarge ones, or those intended to have been large, are, and arelikely to remain, in an unfinished state." Of Toronto: "There istoo much assumption of exclusiveness, without just grounds to goon, and I left the place then, as I do now, without any intentionsof returning to it." Of Hamilton: " it is curiously inhabited.There are more Englishmen there without any apparent occupation,and living apparently on nothing than in any other town inCanada." Of Belleville: "Of all the melancholy, miserable,misanthropic looking places I ever saw, Belleville is the beauideal." Some copies are known to have an additional portrait,that of the author's leading lady; most do not. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: J. Patrick McGahern Books Inc. (ABAC)]
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        La Naples de Garibaldi

      1861. E. Dentu, Paris 1861, 12x19cm, relié. - E. Dentu, Paris 1861, 12x19cm, relié. - Edizione originale. Binding per aprire la carta bradel viola al serbatoio, liscia schiena, parte del titolo granato dolore, coperchi conservati e schienali, moderno vincolante firmato Thomas Boichot. Prezioso autografo firmato dall'autore al Immortale (Henri) Patin. Il nostro campione è arricchito con due correzioni manoscritte dell'autore nella prefazione. Bellissimo esemplare completamente definiti. [FRENCH VERSION FOLLOWS] Edition originale. Reliure à la bradel en plein papier parme à la cuve, dos lisse, pièce de titre de chagrin grenat, couvertures et dos conservés, reliure moderne signée Thomas Boichot. Précieux envoi autographe signé de l'auteur à l'Immortel (Henri) Patin. Notre exemplaire est enrichi de deux corrections manuscrites de l'auteur dans la préface. Bel exemplaire parfaitement établi.

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        Early Drug Control in British Guiana Legalizing Opium and Marijuana After the Second Opium War

      Georgetown, Demerara, British Guiana, 9 October 1861. "An Ordinance to Regulate the Sale of Opium and Bhang." Original Act from the colonial Court of Policy, issued and signed in the original by William Walker, Lieutenant Governor and Commander in Chief of British Guiana, dealing with the legalization of opium, and also of bhang (an edible preparation of cannabis), in terms of importation, duties and taxation, sales, and medical prescription. Featuring also the signature of Magistrate James Ochterlony Lockhard Mure, then Acting Secretary under Walker. Tall 8vo. 4 pages, one double-leaf measuring approximately 19,5 x 31 cm, printed by Robert Short, Georgetown, Demerara. With official paper seal and two original signatures. Rare. Vice-Admiral William Walker, was twice Lieutenant Governor and Commander in Chief of the Colony of British Guiana, from 1848-1849 and 1853-1854. He entered British Colonial Service in 1836, becoming Lieutenant Governor and Government Secretary of British Guiana in 1847. He also served as Acting Governor in 1857 and in 1861, during the tenure of Lieutenant Governor Sir Philip Edmond Wodehouse, most likely when the latter took leave for rest or recovery from attacks by civilians opposing his tax laws. In 1867 he was part of a committee preparing for British Guiana's participation in the Universal Exhibition held in Paris. James Ochterlony Lockhard Mure was in British Guiana as early as 1839, working as a stipendiary magistrate for the colony. By 1860 he was Justice of the Peace and in 1862 he served as Administrator-General of Demerary and Essequebo. He died in Georgetown, 28 February 1863. An immensely fascinating document concerning the legalisation of opium and cannabis in British Guiana 1861, making the narcotics available at licensed retail shops or by medicinal prescription, though subject to the autocratic policy of the British Governor himself. This original colonial document represents the direct consequence of the 1860 trade agreement signed in Peking which effectively coerced China to open its country to foreign trade, and also to legalize the opium trade. To legislate and control the trade and usage of opium would generate a sizable revenue stream for Great Britain, not only in China, but also in her overseas colonies. Immediately after the Second Opium War (1856-1860) concessions were put into place to achieve exactly that. This particular ordinance was enacted on 9 October and to come into effect on 15 November, 1861. In British Guiana, a mild form of marijuana called 'bhang' was included in the newly taxable and regulated popular narcotics. Both opium and bhang are the subject of this Act, which sets forth in painstaking detail and legalese, strict rules for obtaining a retail license to begin with. Once approved and licensed to sell opium or bhang, fees having been paid to the colonial government of course, all sorts of other regulations followed, including mandatory storefront signage, detailed record keeping and inventory control, specific importation procedures which could only be done through the government's authorized warehouse. Duty and taxes are outlined, as are penalties and fines for any breach of obligation. The document specifically mentions that it is unlawful for hospitals to sell their supply of opium, and the penalties that would incur from doing so. To enforce the iron-fisted control over these coveted substances, the Act provides for random inspections, as well as seizures and forfeitures by any commissary of taxation, police officer, or constable. Strict limitations were imposed as to the quantities one could sell or prescribe as medication, within a twenty-four hour period, quantities which, it has been said, were inadequate for any reasonable use. [James Rodway, for example, in his book published in 1902, "The Forest People of British Guiana," discussed "some absurd restrictions... really little better than instruments of oppression." He explains, "For about twenty years a law was in force that, if carried out, would have been absolutely prohibitive, yet at that very time a druggist paid duty on as much as six hundred pounds of opium every month. Every druggist was allowed to import as much as he pleased, and licensed retailers bought from them. But the difficulty was that only five grains could be legally bought by one person. The opium smoker does not use the drug in a crude state, and he must have at least half an ounce to prepare his extract. It followed, therefore, that not a single ounce of the one to two thousand pounds imported monthly was disposed of in a legal manner."] Excerpts from the document: "Whereas the most serious mischiefs have arisen from the pernicious use of Opium and Bhang by many of the Coolie and Chinese immigrants in this Colony... it is necessary to place the sale thereof under stringent regulations... therefore enacted by His Excellency the Lieutenant-Governor of British Guiana..." "It shall not be lawful for any person... to deal in, sell, barter, or otherwise dispose of any Opium or Bhang, unless he shall at the time be possessed of a retail license in manner and form hereinafter provided, or unless he shall sell or dispose of the same to a duly authorised person from and out of the Colonial Bonded Warehouse..." "It shall not be lawful for any Druggist to sell or deliver to any person whatsoever any Bhang, nor any Opium except upon prescription or order in writing of a duly licensed medical practitioner or except bona-fide compounded as a medicine......" "It shall be lawful for the Governor to cause license to deal in Opium and Bhang by retail... subject to such Rules and Regulations as the Governor and Court of Policy shall be pleased... but no Opium or Bhang shall be allowed to be smoked or consumed on the premises of any licensed dealer... nor shall the holder of any license to keep any Retail Spirit Shop or Liquor Store be allowed to take out a license to deal on the same premises in Opium or Bhang by retail. " "Every person licensed... shall affix on the outside of the principal door... painted in plain legible words and figures his name and the words 'Licensed to deal in Opium and Bhang by retail'..." "Every dealer in Opium and Bhang by retail, shall keep a book shewing the stock on hand, and the daily quantities of Opium or Bhang received, sold, or disposed of, with the names and addresses..." "... no dealer... shall sell... within one period of twenty-four hours, to or for the use of one person, any quantity of Opium exceeding Five Grains, or any quantity of Bhang exceeding Ten Grains..." "If any Commissary of Taxation, Police Officer, or Constable shall know or have reasonable cause to suspect that any Opium or Bhang is in the illegal possession of any person... such Justice may... enter the house or place... and to seize the same; and all Opium or Bhang so seized shall be forfeited..." "In case any information, suit, or action shall be brought to trial on account of any detention or seizure made under this Ordinance, and a sentence of judgment shall be for the claimant..." "If any person shall molest, hinder, oppose, or obstruct any Controller, Commissary, or other officer acting in the execution of the powers and authorities granted...shall forfeit and pay a sum..." "If any person shall forge, counterfeit, or altar any permit..." "It shall be lawful for the Governor, with or without the advice and consent of the Court of Policy, to order any Opium or Bhang seized... also to remit or mitigate any fine, penalty, or forfeiture incurred..." "The term Opium shall mean any Opium, whether pure or mixed with any ingredient... not being intended for medicinal purposes only; the term Bhang..." End excerpts. With the Second Opium War (1856-1860) the British Empire sought to legalize the opium trade, to expand and regulate the coolie trade, to open all of China to British merchants, to exempt foreign imports from internal transit duties, and to suppress piracy. France joined Britain in the war while Russia supported the final campaign, port treaties, and so forth. At the conclusion of the war, the Convention of Beijing indeed caused the opium trade to be legalized, the Chinese government levying a small import tax on opium. The agreement also facilitated easier access to China with the opening of five treaty ports, and, for the first time, foreign merchants were also permitted access to the vast hinterland of China beyond the coast. By this time, opium imports to China had reached 50,000 to 60,000 chests a year, which would continue to increase for the next three decades. British Guiana was the name of the British colony on the northern coast of South America, now the independent nation of Guyana. The area was originally settled by the Dutch as the colonies of Berbice, Demerara, and Essequibo, then captured by the British in 1796 and officially ceded in 1814, and consolidated into a single colony in 1831. Slavery had been abolished in Great Britain in 1834, on paper at least. The Chinese community has played an important role in British Guiana since 1853. Nearly fourteen thousand (14,000) Chinese arrived in British Guiana between 1853 and 1879 on 39 vessels from Hong Kong to fill the labor shortage on the sugar plantations engendered by the abolition of slavery. Leaving their homeland under indentured labor contracts, in the early years, many were "the offscourings of Canton - gaol-birds, loafers and vagabonds," who swiftly deserted the plantations and took to bootlegging, burglary and robbery and kept brothels and gambling houses. Eighty-five percent of these immigrants were men, and most returned to China or emigrated to other parts of the Guianas and the Caribbean after completing or escaping their indentures. Those who remained soon turned to trade, competing effectively with the Portuguese and East Indians, who had also entered as indentured laborers, in the retail sector. Look-Lai reports important Chinese import and wholesale traders by the 1880s and that the 1890s saw Chinese "druggists, butchers, hucksters, cart and boat cab owners, barbers, laundrymen and legal sellers of opium and ganja (marijuana)" and holding fifty percent of food shop licenses and ninety percent of liquor licenses. By the end of the 19th century, the Chinese had transcended their early reputation for criminality and come to be regarded as worthy, law-abiding, industrious citizens. The Governor of British Guiana was the Crown representative in British Guiana. The office existed from 1831 when the colonies of Demerara-Essequibo and Berbice united as British Guiana until 1966 when Guyana attained independence. The Court of Policy of Guiana in South America was a legislative body established in 1732 by Dutch authorities, which continued, with some administrative changes when the region came under British rule, until 1928. For most of its existence it formed the Combined Court together with the six Financial Representatives. The Court of Policy and the courts of justice, controlled by the plantation owners, constituted the center of power in British Guiana. The colonists who sat on the Court of Policy and the courts of justice were appointed by the governor from a list of nominees submitted by two electoral colleges. In turn, the seven members of each College of Electors were elected for life by those planters possessing twenty-five or more slaves. Raising and disbursing revenue was the responsibility of the Combined Court, which included members of the Court of Policy and six additional financial representatives appointed by the College of Electors. In 1855 the Combined Court also assumed responsibility for setting the salaries of all government officials. Finally, in the late 1880s, pressure from the new Afro-Guyanese middle class for constitutional reform was increasing.

      [Bookseller: Voyager Press Rare Books & Manuscripts]
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        5 eigenh. Briefe mit U. Berlin und Göttingen, 1861 bis 1884.

      1861. Zusammen 3¾ SS. auf 10 Bll. 8vo. An den Verlag F. A. Brockhaus in Leipzig: "Anbei übersende ich den mir freundlichst überschickten Abzug des Artikels, welchen Sie die Güte hatten mir mitzutheilen. Die Änderungen, welche ich gemacht, scheinen mir unumgänglich zu sein [...]" (11. IV. 1872). - "Von verschiedenen Buchhandlungen ist mir früher und jetzt versichert worden, daß die 1863 erschienene Ausgabe des neuen Testaments nach dem Sinaiticus nicht mehr zu haben sei. Mir liegt viel daran, dieselbe zu besitzen: es bleibt mir daher nur übrig mich an Sie direkt mit der Bitte zu wenden, mir wo möglich, ein Exemplar (neu) mit der Post zugehen zu lassen [...]". - Meist mit kleinen Randläsuren.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Inlibris]
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        The Cloister and the Hearth. A Tale of the Middle Ages

      London: Trübner & Co., 1861, 1861. First edition. Parrish, page 207; Sadleir 1999; NCBEL III, 879; Wolff 5704 (third edition). Some foxing to the blanks on volume one (apparently caused by the manuscript leaf); fine copy, enclosed in a blue cloth slipcase.. 4 vols, 8vo, black half morocco by Tout, marbled paper sides and matching endpapers, gilt rules and lettering, t.e.g. One of the most famous and popular Victorian novels, a sprawling, sensationalist tale set in Europe during the Middle Ages, centered on the exploits of Gerard Eliassoen and his interest in scholarship, the convent and being a scribe. An early owenr of this copy had an attractive small manuscript leaf tipped to the front blank of volume one, with the annotation in pencil above: "Specimen of writing circa 1450 such as that done by Gerard Eliassoen. From a small New Testament of that date."

      [Bookseller: The Brick Row Book Shop]
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        LOIS DE LA PROCÉDURE CIVILE ET ADMINISTRATIVE: PROCÉDURE CIVILE, 4èmeéd. mise, par un supplément, au courant de la législation, de la jurisprudence et de la doctrine jusqu'en 1860 (le t. 5 est entièrement refondu) par A. Chauveau; PROCÉDURE ADMINISTRATIVE, 3èmeéd. suivi d'un formulaire annoté de tous les actes d'instruction administrative en 2 t.; TABLE DES MATIÈRES contenue la 4ème édition

      , Paris, Cosse, Marchal et Billard 1861-1862 (t. I à VII) / 1867 (t. VIII) / 1863 (t. IX) / formulaire 1862 /1892-1893, 11 t. en 13 vol. in-8, demi-veau fauve, tit. & tom. doré sur pc. fauve et verte, dos lisse orné de peignes, dentelles et roulettes dorés, coiffes sup. courtes, tr. mouchetées, (rares rousseurs sur les gardes, coupes inf. lég. frottées, 3 coins lég. émoussés, erreur de reliure : t. IX et VIII inversés) ; t. II du Formulaire de procédure : demi-chagrin noir, tit. & tom. doré sur pc. de cuir noir sur dos à nerfs, (plats frottés), intérieur très frais.

      [Bookseller: La Mémoire du Droit (Librairie - Edition]
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        NOTES SUR LE JAPON, LA CHINE et L'INDE 1858 - 1859 - 1860 L.A.S. A LA PRINCESSE D'ESSLING et ENVOI MANUSCRIT

      E. DENTU et CH. REINWALD. - - EDITION ORIGINALE. - EXEMPLAIRE DE LA PRINCESSE D'ESSLING Grande Maîtresse de la Maison de Sa MAJESTE L'IMPERATRICE. - 1861, Paris - Pleine percaline bleue nuit, dos lisse et pièce de titre maroquin. AVEC MANQUE DE PLANCHES, cf. détails. - Plats conservés, sur onglet L.A.S. armoriée gaufrée de l'Auteur Baron de CHASSIRON de 4 pages in-quarto à la Princesse d'ESSLING du 4 janvier 1862, p. de fx titre et au dos ENVOI manuscrit de CHASSIRON "à Madame la Princesse d'Essling Grande MaÏtresse de la Maison de S. M. L'Impératrice, Hommage de tous mes respects Signé CHASSIRON Paris LE 4 Janvier 1862" P. de Titre bicolore, 8 planches de Spécimens des manuels populaires du Japon (Histoire Naturelle) la CARTE DU JAPON p. 20, la CARTE DU NORD DE LA CHINE p. 327. Manquent le Plan japonais de la ville de YEDDO et celui de la ville de NAGHA-SAKI, XI p., 356 pages, 1 f. pour les Tables de Matières et des planches. - BARON GUSTAVE DE CHASSIRON né à Nantes le en 1818 et mort à Tarbes en 1871, diplomate français. Il appartient à l&#146;une des plus célèbres familles de Charente-Maritime. CHASSIRON (Baron Charles Gustave, Martin de) Aperçu pittoresque de la régence de Tunis, Paris, Imprimerie Bénard & Cie, 1849, 33 p. et Notes sur le Japon, la Chine, et l&#146;Inde : 1858-1859-1860, Paris, E. Dentu, 1861, 356 p. - Princesse d'ESSLING, Grande Maîtresse de la Maison de S. M. L'Impératrice. (Duchesse de Rivoli, Princesse d'Essling, Grande Maîtresse de la Maison de l'Impératrice Eugénie, veuve de François Victor Masséna, Duc de Rivoli, Prince d'Essling, le plus jeune des deux fils du Maréchal, décédée le 28 janvier 1887. [Attributes: First Edition; Signed Copy; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: LIBRAIRIE ANCIENNE BERNARD MARIE ROLIN]
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        OEUVRES COMPLETES DE S. FRANCOIS DE SALES ET DE Ste JEANNE-FRANCOISE DE CHANTAL, 9 TOMES (COMPLET)

      1861. Chez J.-P. Migne, Ateliers Catholiques, Paris. 1861-1864. In-4.Carré. Relié. Etat d'usage. Couv. convenable. Dos fané. Quelques rousseurs. 9 tomes d'env. 1200-1600 pages chacun. Texte sur 2 colonnes. 8 volumes reliés et 1 volume (Tome IX) broché. Dos parcheminés, avec pièces de titre rouges et noires et étiquettes de codes. Ruban adhésif vert sur le dos du tome IX. Titre, tomaison et roulettes dorés sur les dos. Tampons de bibliothèque en pages de titre. Dos du tome V taché. Tome IX: couverture passée et quelques mouillures. Très rare. Edition seule complète, Exécutée avec le concours pratique de plusieurs évêques, et d'après les manuscrits autographes possédés par les Monastères de la Visitation universellement consultés à cet effet; Enrichie de nombreux opuscules inédits du saint Prélat, etc. Suivi des Oeuvres complètes de sainte de Chantal, Fondatrice de la Visitation. Publiée par M. L'Abbé Migne, Editeur de la Bibliothèque Universelle du Clergé.

      [Bookseller: Le-Livre.Com]
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        Pont sur le Rhin à Kehl. - Détails pratiques sur les dispositions générales et d'exécution de cet ouvrage d'art.

      Paris, Dunod, 1861, 2 volumes, in-4 et in-folio, reliés, XXIII-156 p. + feuillet d'errata + atlas. Notes au bas des pages pour le volume de texte. Atlas de 22 planches doubles. Reliure demi basane marron foncé, dos lisses avec filets et titres dorés, intérieurs très frais. La reliure a été refaite. Ouvrage rare. Très bon état. ************* PROMO : Envoi gratuit en courrier suivi et assurance à partir de 20 € d'achat (France seulement), remise 20 % pour commande supérieure à 60 €.

      [Bookseller: Yves Oziol]
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        Der Halbindianer. Erzählung aus dem westlichen Nord-Amerika.

      (Costenoble),, Leipzig 1861 - 4 Bände. 1118 S. sehr seltene EA. WG 3, Kosch X, 1192. Sabin 49911. Wagner-Camp 377a. - Erste Ausgabe seiner sehr frühen Abenteuererzählung. teils leicht stockig, sonst sehr schönes Ex. HLdr der Zeit mit Papierrückenschildchen. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Bebuquin (Alexander Zimmeck)]
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        A BIRD'S EYE VIEW Of The GREAT FIELD Of PROPHECY

      Review & Herald (n. d.), Battle Creek, Mich - Broadsheet, with both recto & verso printed in four columns, enclosed is a double-lined border, and titled in bold, "A Bird's Eye View of the Great Field of Prophecy," illustrated with a chart, "A Pictorial Illustration of the Visions of Daniel & John. Seventh-Day Adventist Publishing Association, Battle Creek, Michigan," enclosed in a plain double border, occupying the central portion of the second and third columns. Printed across the bottom of the columns: "This sheet sent by mail, post-paid, at 5 cents a copy. Books, pamphlets and tracts explaining more fully the symbols here illustrated, and treating upon other Bible subjects, as the Sabbath, the Nature of Man, Signs of the Times, etc., for sale at this Office." Verso prints a four column catalogue of publications issued by the S.D.A. Publishing Association, Battle Creek, Mich., including its periodicals, books, pamphlets, and tracts. Prophecy chart, 9-3/4" x 7", in recto center. 23-7/8" x 16" From the verso catalogue introduction: "The Seventh-day Adventist Publishing Association was incorporated in the city of Battle Creek, Mich., May 3, 1861. It now occupies with its business three large two-story brick buildings, furnished with boiler, engine, three steam power presses, book binding machinery, &c. It issues five of the six periodicals named below, with a combined monthly circulation of about 50,000 copies. A branch Association, called the Pacific S.D. Adventist Publishing Association, was incorporated April 5, 1875, in Oakland, California, for the purpose of facilitating the work on the Pacific coast."Uriah Smith was editor, for close to 50 years, of the Review & Herald [also called the Advent Review & Sabbath Herald] in Battle Creek, Michigan and was an influential member of the Seventh-Day Adventist community. His most well-known work was his commentary on "Daniel and Revelation," originally published in 1865 and revised and amended over the next several decades. Smith produced many of the first illustrations which appeared in the Review & Herald, according to a brief biography by the Seventh-Day Adventist Ministry.This broadsheet was a separately printed offering from the January 6, 1876 issue of the Review & Herald, Vol. 47, no.1, which announced on p. 8: "The illustration of the chart on page 5, was published in the New York Daily Graphic of Dec. 10, 1875, with substantially the same accompanying description. We have procured the plate, and re-written the explanation as it here appears. We purpose to strike off a quantity of these on separate sheets, for general circulation, if the brethren desire them. They can be afforded, post-paid, at 5 cts. per copy."Quite rare, with no copies located on OCLC. Old fold lines, a 5 in. closed tear across one and part of a second column, starting at the side margin, slightly affecting a few words. A Good+ to About VG item.

      [Bookseller: Tavistock Books, ABAA]
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        The County of Dorsett

      Westminster, Maryland, U.S.A.: John Bower Nichols and Sons, 1861. Copyright date is 1861, Third Edition. Compiled from the Best and Most Ancient Historians, Inquitiones Poest Mortem, and Other Valuable Records and Mss. in the Public Offices and Libraries, and in Private Hands. With a Copy of Domesday Book and the Inquisitio Gheldi for the County: Interspersed with Some Remarkable Particulars of Natural History; And Adorned with a Correct Map of the County, and Views of Antiquities, Seats of the Nobility and Gentry, &. Westminster: Printed by John Bowyer Nichols and Sons, 1861-1863-1868. Third edition, corrected, augmented, and improved. Four folio volumes. cxlvi, 722; [6], 862; [6], 755; [4], 534, clxiv pages. Contemporary half leather over textured cloth. Rubbing on covers, affecting leather. Joints and hinges starting or cracking and loose . Edges tinted red. Light scattered foxing, heavier in certain places within all volumes. Occasional thumbsoiling. Volume I has front board and first three pages and backstrip detached, ink ownership signature on front free endpaper. Overall, very good BECAUSE OF WIEGHT THESE VOLUMES ONLY WILL BE CHARGED SHIPPING PLEASE WAIT FOR INVOICE.. 3rd Edition. Half-Leather. Very Good/no dust Jacket. 113/4 x 17 3/4. Collectible.

      [Bookseller: Mclin Haven]
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        ORDINANCES OF THE STATE CONVENTION WHICH CONVENED IN LITTLE ROCK, MAY 6, 1861.

      Little Rock: Johnson & Yerkes, 1861. - 128pp. Half calf and marbled boards, leather label, in antique style. Contemporary notation on titlepage, minor scattered foxing. Very good. Ordinances passed by the Arkansas convention which voted to secede from the Union at the outbreak of the Civil War. The first ordinance printed here is the ordinance declaring Arkansas free of the United States: "An Ordinance to dissolve the union now existing between the State of Arkansas and the other states with her under the compact entitled 'The constitution of the United States of America.'" They further agreed to adopt the provisional Confederate constitution, and "the convention created the Arkansas Army, appointed its officers, and gave the war power to a three- man commission. It then wrote an entirely new constitution that incorporated many Whig objectives. On June 3, 1861, the convention at last disbanded" - ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ARKANSAS. The convention likewise set up elections to remove the current governor, who was seen as having Union sympathies. The revision of the Arkansas state constitution is also included here. An important document recording the secession proceedings of the state of Arkansas. ALLEN 409. PARRISH & WILLINGHAM 2710. ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ARKANSAS (online).

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        THE "CONTRABAND" SCHOTTISCHE [cover title].

      Philadelphia. 1861. - 4pp. Folio. Disbound from larger volume, resulting in some minor loss along gutter edge. Lower right corner chipped. Light soiling and dampstaining. Good. A nice piece of Civil War-era music by popular 19th- century songwriter Septimus Winner, featuring a cover illustration showing four "contraband" slaves gleefully tumbling about while fleeing an overseer with a whip. The piece is dedicated to General Benjamin F. Butler, who first declared captured runaway slaves to be the contraband of war, inspiring the Confiscation Act of August 1861, which permitted the seizure of any property being used to pursue actions against the Union, including slaves. Eleven copies in OCLC. OCLC 23751462, 17158927.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        A History of the Spiders of Great Britain and Ireland

      Ray Society, 1861-1864. vi, 384, 29 hand-col plates. fo. HB. Recent cloth. Some spotting/foxing to plates (mostly light); a small ink/paint mark to 2 plates (not affecting printed figs; small marginal tear to some plates (a few neatly repaired). Neat society ink stamp to verso of plates and occasionally to text. Vg copy. Rare. Only 600 copies printed..

      [Bookseller: Pemberley Natural History Books]
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