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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1860

        Curates of Riversdale: recollections in the life of a clergyman. Written by himself. FIRST EDITION. 3 vols.

      Hurst & Blackett. 1860 Half dark blue calf, marbled boards; expertly & handsomely rebacked. Inscription on leading f.e.p., vol.I: 'Mrs Buckley - with affectionate esteem, from the Author, M. Margoliouth'. Later signature of M. Jane Hole on verso of leading in Sadleir; Wolff 4481. BL, Oxford, & Cambridge only on Copac. Born in Poland to Jewish parents, Margoliouth moved to England and converted to the Church of England before being ordained into the Church. He wrote extensively on Jewish history and Hebrew literature and established a Hebrew Christian monthly magazine, The Star of Jacob.

      [Bookseller: Jarndyce Rare Books]
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      - SHAPE BOOK. LITTLE MARIAN. Philadelphia: American Sunday School Union, no date, ca 1860. 8vo (6 1/2 x 2 3/8"), pictorial wraps, Fine condition. Diecut in the shape of a little girl and delicately illustrated with color lithos (by F. Moras) with text below each picture. Done in the same size and format of Prang's shape books of the same era, but this is quite rare. [Attributes: Soft Cover]

      [Bookseller: Aleph-Bet Books, Inc. - ABAA]
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        Elements of Conchology; An Introduction to the Natural History of Shells and of the Animals which form them

      London: Published by the author, 1860. 2 vols: viii, 260; vi, 203, 62 fine hand-coloured lithographic plates. Hardback. Cont. half morocco (some minor rubbing + scuffing) marbled boards and endpapers. Binder's ticket: Edmund Nest, Gloucester. Book-plate of Sir William Vernon Guise F.G.S., F.L.S. (1816-1887), who had a wide interest in geology, conchology, botany and archaeology, was president of the Cotteswold Naturalists Field Club for twenty eight years from 1859 to 1887, and whose extensive collection of fossils was presented to the County Museum in Gloucester, where much of it is still to be found in the reference collections

      [Bookseller: Pemberley Natural History Books]
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        L'Oracle amusant.

      Coqueret 1860 ca, Paris - Boîte bois-carton, format 33 x 20 x 4 cm., couvercle entièrement décoré reproduisant les trois roues dans un large encadrement doré. Contient 3 roues (7 cm de diamètre, numérotées de 1 à 8) montées sur un tableau et légendées El Oraculo divertido, The amusing oracle, L'Oracolo dillettevole et 7 cartes (27 x 8,5 cm) dans un encadrement fleuri de 75 combinaisons chacune : « Les personnes qui veulent se recréer en cherchant leur destinée, doivent faire tourner la première roue de gauche, puis la deuxième et la troisième ; les trois chiffres réunis à la suite l'un de l'autre forment un nombre que l'on cherche sur l'un des tableaux ». [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Bonnefoi Livres Anciens]
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        Album Amusant pour les Enfants Sages

      Paris: A. Legrand, Éditeur, 1860. An Exceptionally Rare Early Movable Book With Just One Single Copy Located on OCLC, at the National Library of France. [MOVABLE BOOK]. COUDERT, B, illustrator. Album Amusant pour les Enfants Sages. Tableaux Vivants. (An Entertaining Album for Good Children. Living Pictures) Paris: A[ugustin]. Legrand, Éditeur, [1882]. First (only?) edition. Quarto. 12 x 9 3/8 inches; 305 x 239 mm.). Six unpaginated leaves, four with magnificent color lithograph plates, each with movable parts that are operated with a red tab pull. The plates are drawn by B. Coudert and lithographed by Lemercier and Roche. Publisher's quarter red cloth over purple printed boards, the front cover with a fantastic full-page color lithograph laid-on depicting many children enjoying various activities - titled "La Joie des Enfants", plain endpapers. A few tiny holes in the red cloth spine, some very mild rubbing to the corners of the boards - truly an exceptionally fine and remarkable survival with all four of the movable plates in perfect working order. The colorful movable plates depict 'Rope Dancers' - actually, a street carnival with a principal character in Commedia dell'Arte costume, as befits "Saltimbanques", 'Village Musicians' and a delightful Monkey performing in public, 'Three Children' hunting for bird's eggs with one of them having his kite stuck in the tree whilst an older gentleman looks on despairingly and finally a Cat hunting a Mouse on the rooftops. Whilst a French publication, with the text of each story in French, the captions under each of the movable plates are also given in Spanish and English, two of them in German also. The movable plates: 1. Saltimbanques. Titiriteros: Rope Dancers: Seiltänzer 2. La Musique au Village: La Musica en la Aldea: The Music in the Village 3. Les Dénicheurs d'Oiseaux: Los Desanidadores de Pajaros: The Bird's Nesters 4. Chasse sur les Toits: Caza por los Techos: Hunting on the Roof: Jagd auf dem Dache An exceptionally rare early movable book, with just one single copy located on OCLC, at the National Library of France.

      [Bookseller: David Brass Rare Books, Inc.]
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        The Chess Monthly

      New York: William C Miller and Trubner & Co, 1860. v+402 pages with diagrams. Octavo (9" x6 1/4") bound in full leather with gilt lettering to spine with black labels and original wrappers bound in. Volume IV. (Bibliotheca van der Linde-Niemeijeriana:6389) (Hagedorn: 36) First edition. This periodical was edited by Daniel Willard Fiske and Paul Morphy. The Problem Department by E B Cook. This was one of the first magazines published in America. It was started in 1857 and lasted until 1861. It was published at the height of Morphy's popularity and presence. Condition: Original wrappers bound in, lacks wrapper to number one, heal corner of title stained, some pages with old institutional embossed stamp, some occasional pencil notations else about very good.

      [Bookseller: The Book Collector ]
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        THE DOLLS' PIC=NIC. By M. U.

      32 pages. Illustrated with six hand-coloured plates, and an illustrate Dedication page. Original pictorial cloth gilt. All edges gilt. 4to. 24.5 x 19 cm. First edition [one of two issues]. Some browning throughout; two of the vignettes on the dedication page have been neatly hand-coloured; gift inscription on front endpaper; strained between frontispiece and title; else a very good copy. Darton H1554(2) (No priority known.) One of five copies only of either issue that Lawrence Darton located. A rare Doll book.

      [Bookseller: David Miles]
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        Recent Practice in the Locomotive Engine.

      Glasgow. Blackie and Son. 1860. First Edition. A publication issued in ten parts; original paper wrappers 15 x 11 inches, each part with two folding plates 15 x 20.5 inches save No. 10 which has a third plate, 15 x 10.5 inches; total 21 plates. Eighty-four pages of text, including a section "Descriptions of Large Engravings." The string binding of No. 10 perished; in addition to the last 12 pages of text this number contains the Title Page, Preface, Table of Contents, List of Plates, List of Wood Engravings, Index, and Instructions to the Binder. Light foxing to plates; text generally clean with light toning. The text on the paper wraps reads: "Recent Practice in the Locomotive Engine: (Being a Supplement to 'Railway Machinery,' Comprising the Latest English Improvements, and a Treatise on the Locomotive Engines of the United States. Illustrated by a Series of Plates and Numerous Engravings on Wood." The 20 folding plates depict locomotives belonging to railroads in England, Scotland, Egypt and the United States. The titles for the US equipment are: "Wood-Burning Passenger Locomotive by Wm. Mason & Co. Taunton, Mass. U.S."; "Passenger Locomotive by Danforth, Cook & Co., Paterson, New Jersey, for the Delaware, Lackawanna, & Western Railroad, U.S."; "American Locomotives--Cross Sections. Baltimore & Ohio Railway"; "Freight Engine, by M. W. Baldwin & Co. Philadelphia, U.S." A single page plate titled "Illustrations of American Locomotives as Carriages" depicts, through profiles rendered in outline, 36 American locomotives with the object of creating an historical overview that begins with a locomotive from 1837. A note in the final volume advises: "The plates are numbered in continuation of the Series in the Author's work on Railway Machinery," which explains numeration from 31 through 50 for the twenty folding plates. A scarce first edition, in paper wraps as issued; overall good clean condition with faults noted.

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        Wyld's New Plan of London [Wyld's London and Postal Districts 1860]

      James Wyld, Geographer to the Queen, London 1860 - Folding map, publisher's original dark blue cloth with lettering to front board, spine torn and boards edgeworn, early ink name to front pastedown, contains map inside, linen-backed folding map measuring 56cm x 95cm when open, map printed in colours and showing London postal districts, architectural vignettes around borders, map in VG condition, some staining to linen only, not affecting map, scarce. ; 4" x 6" [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Walden Books]
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        Deutschlands gefährlichste Giftpflanzen, mit erläuterndem Texte, worin ihre Wirkungsart und die wirksamsten Hülfsmittel bei Vergiftungen angegeben sind, nebst einer leichtfaßlichen Einleitung in die Pflanzenkunde.

      EA ca 36x24 cm (4) 30 Textseiten plus 24 (22 kolorierte) lith. Tafeln einfacher Halbledereinband um 1860 (Einband etwas bestoßen und berieben, Name auf Vorsatzblatt, Textseiten teils geringfügig fleckig, Tafeln meist im unteren Bereich [vom Blättern finger-]fleckig, 2 Tafeln etwas stärker, Tafel X mit als kolorierte Zeichnung ergänzten Eckabriß sonst gutes Exemplar)

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Hilbert Kadgien]
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        Staatsrecht, Völkerrecht und Politik: Monographien (3 Bände KOMPLETT) - Bd. I: Staatsrecht und Völkerrecht/ Bd. II und III: Politik.

      Laupp; 1860/ 1869. Orig.Erstausgabe; 778/ 691/ 724 Seiten; Gebundene Ausgabe Die hier angebotenen Bände stammen aus einer teilaufgelösten Kloster-Bibliothek und tragen die entsprechenden Kennzeichnungen (Rückenschild, Instituts-Stempel...). Schnitt und Einband sind etwas staubschmutzig; Papier altersbedingt nachgedunkelt/ stellenweise stockfleckig; Der Buchzustand ist ansonsten ordentlich und dem Alter entsprechend gut; KOMPLETTPREIS für 3 Bände; bei Versand ins Ausland erfragen Sie bitte zuerst die Versandkosten; Versandkostenfreie Lieferung mfb

      [Bookseller: Petra Gros]
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        NOTES On NURSING: What It Is, and What It Is Not. With Some Account of Her Life.

      Boston: William Carter, 5 Water Street. 1860. iv, xii, 104 pp. Index pp 5-6. Frontispiece of Nightingale. Cut of Crimea award, p. 4. 12mo, signed in 6s. 7-3/4" x 4-7/8" Modest extremity wear to binding. Some modest foxing, primarily to prelims. A solid VG copy.

      [Bookseller: Tavistock Books]
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        Memoire sur la fermentation alcoolique.

      Paris: Victor Masson, 1860. First edition, unopened in original printed wrappers, of Pasteur's definitive proof that alcoholic fermentation is due to the action of a living organism (yeast), and is not a purely chemical process as most chemists since Lavoisier had believed. "What did this memoir add to the first deductions Pasteur had drawn from lactic fermentation? He now asserted that he was dealing with a living microorganism. This was his most original contribution. Having been unable to create life or to change it by means of molecular asymmetry, he had set out to study its reproduction. In doing so he had come to a revolutionary definition: Fermentation is the act of reproduction of the living germs that constitute yeast" (Debré, Louis Pasteur (1994), p. 105). "In December 1857 Pasteur published the first in a series of abstracts, notes, and letters on alcoholic fermentation that culminated in a long and classic memoir of 1860 [the offered work]. Divided into two major sections, dealing respectively with the fate of sugar and of yeast in alcoholic fermentation, it inflicted on the chemical theory what Duclaux called "a series of blows straight from the shoulder, delivered with agility and assurance." Pasteur established that alcoholic fermentation invariably produces not only carbonic acid and ethyl alcohol-as was well known-but also appreciable quantities of glycerin and succine acid as well as trace amounts of cellulose, "fatty matters," and "indeterminate products." On the basis of these results, Pasteur emphasized the complexity of alcoholic fermentation and attacked the tendency of chemists since Lavoisier to depict it as the simple conversion of sugar into carbonic acid and alcohol. If the alleged simplicity of the process had formerly been seen as evidence of its chemical nature, he argued, then its actual complexity ought now to be seen as evidence of its dependence on the activity of a living organism. In truth, the complexity of alcoholic fermentation was such as to prevent the writing of a complete equation for it, a fact which was only to be expected, since chemistry was "too little advanced to hope to put into a rigorous equation a chemical act correlative with a vital phenomenon." "However impressive this line of attack against the chemical theory, an even more decisive mode of argument derived from Pasteur's ability to produce yeast and alcoholic fermentation in a medium free of organic nitrogen. To a pure solution of cane sugar he added only an ammonium salt and the minerals obtained by incineration of yeast, then sprinkled in a trace of pure brewer's yeast. Although the experiment was difficult and not always successful, this method could produce an alcoholic fermentation accompanied by growth and reproduction in the yeast and the evolution of all the usual products. If any one constituent of this medium were eliminated, no alcoholic fermentation took place. Obviously, argued Pasteur, the yeast must grow and develop in this mineral medium by assimilating its nitrogen from the ammonium salt, its mineral constituents from the yeast ash, and its carbon from the sugar. In fact, it is precisely the capacity of yeast to assimilate combined carbon from sugar that explains why it can decompose sugar into carbonic acid and alcohol" (DSB). Pp. 323-426 in Annales de chimie et de physique, Troisième Série, Tome LVIII, 1860. 8vo (226 x 142 mm), pp. 512. Original printed wrappers, uncut and unopened. Light crease and two small holes to front wrapper, else very fine.

      [Bookseller: SOPHIA RARE BOOKS]
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        The Woman in White - First US Edition

      Harper Brothers, 1860 A first edition, first printing published by Harper Brothers in 1960. A good copy, recased with spine and panels laid on. State 'b' of adverts. Rare book

      [Bookseller: John Atkinson Books]
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        Teilansicht, Nagoldbrücke, "St. Nicolaus Kapelle auf der Nagoldbrücke in Calw".

      - Lithographie m. Tonplatte (anonym ) n. G. Eberlin b. Altertumsverein in Calw, um 1860, 28 x 36,5 Schefold 995. - Seltene Ansicht.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Nikolaus Struck]
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        The Mill on the Floss. FIRST EDITION. 3 vols.

      Edinburgh: William Blackwood & Sons. 1860 Half titles, 16pp cata. vol. III. Orig. orange brown cloth by Edmonds & Remnants in Carter binding variant B; some sl. marking to back board of vol. II & front board of vol. III, corners v. sl. bumped.Embossed stamp of Burgess, printer & stationer, Macclesfield on leading Contemp. signature on f.e.p., vol. III. An excellent copy.Sadleir 816a; Wolff 2060.

      [Bookseller: Jarndyce Rare Books]
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        Report of Matthew Arnold Esq., foreign assistant commissioner. FIRST, STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL, EDITION.

      Printed by George E. Eyre & William Spottiswoode, for H.M.S.O. 1860 Orig. blue printed wraps in later green buckram; wrappers marked and chipped. Signature of Edwin Chadwick, booklabel of the Gladstone Library National Liberal Club.A very scarce Arnold item, reporting on the system of popular education in France, Holland and the French Cantons of Switzerland. Partly reprinted in Schools and Universities on the Continent 1868, Higher Schools and Universities in Germany 1874, and in A French Eton, to which is added Schools and Universities in France 1892. Arnold was an inspector of schools from 1851 to 1886.

      [Bookseller: Jarndyce Rare Books]
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        Leaves of Grass

      Boston: Thayer and Eldridge [Richard Worthington], 1860-1861 [1880]. Third Edition. Hardcover. Very Good. Third edition, early Richard Worthington printing with no printer and stereotype info on copyright page. [Myerson A2.3.d-e]. iv, 456pp. Original purple pebbled cloth with gilt spine lettering, plain endpapers. Front and rear inner hinges starting, else Very Good with cloth frayed at tips and lightly worn along edges of spine. A bit of foxing to edges. Frontis of the author has tissue-guard intact. A nice copy.

      [Bookseller: Burnside Rare Books]
 18.   Check availability:     IOBABooks     Link/Print  

        Illustrated Manuscript Valentine.

      1860. Single leaf measuring 5 by 7 3/4 inches. A drawing of a young man and woman glancing shyly at each other, with their noses drawn in an angular fashion so as to point at each other. Below the figures is penned words "i cant [sic] stop long this time." A Feb. 25, 1861 inscription on the verso says "Valentine - Mr. Willis E. Marden." The young man wears simple clothing, a blue hat with a red band, a red shirt, and blue pants. His hair is long and curly. The woman's costume is more elaborate; she wears red shoes and a beaded necklace with her blue dress, and her uncovered hair is curled. The sheet of paper was once folded into quarters. Until postal rates became standardized, early valentines were typically folded, sealed, and hand-delivered to a beloved's doorstep. Pennsylvania-German or Dutch handmade valentines gained recognition for their fine workmanship, with detailed pinprick and cutout designs. This example is no less remarkable for its simplicity. Some faint discoloration, primarily to fold lines, and slightest wear to two corners.

      [Bookseller: Bromer Booksellers]
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        Mitchell's New General Atlas, Containing Maps of the Various Countries of the World, Plans of Cities, etc., Embraced in Forty-Seven Quarto Maps, Forming a Series of Seventy-Six Maps and Plans, Together with Valuable Statistical Tables.

      Philadelphia. S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr. 1860. First Edition. Total of 39 single and 4 double handcolored maps (complete as issued), folio (16 x 13 inches), cloth covered boards with leather corners and spine (hardbound). Covers are very worn and detached, spine has deteriorated, text block/maps largely loose, chipping to preliminary pages and fore edge. The majority of the maps are in very good condition. The first map in the atlas has suffered the most damage: The World (No. 1)is chipped at edges of sheet with very tight side margins, light toning and soiling to lower margin. Split to lower half of centrefold of double page map of New York, New Hampshire etc. Light soiling/toning to margins throughout. Very rich impression and coloring to the maps in this, the first edition of are This is the first edition of Mitchell's New General Atlas, replacing the New Universal Atlas. "The first edition, first state, with no page numbers outside the borders, no New Orleans map between 28 and 29, and with the larger "Map of the World on a Globular Projection" by W. Williams" (David Rumsey). The atlas was issued as the population of the Western United States began to soar, with new states and territories requiring frequent updates of maps of the West. A fascinating collection of maps documenting the rapidly changing face of the United States.

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        ??????.[Qing mo tong cao hua ji]. Album of Twelve Pith Paintings. of Chinese Pastimes including Music....

      No date. (circa1860). 12 delicate small pith paintings in album. Each painting is held in place by means of a blue ribbon border. The paintings are in particularly good condition for an album of 19th century pith paintings with only five paintings showing any minor damage at all. Patterned woven fabric binding recased with modern silk spine, fabric ties. Inscription front free endpaper. This album illustrates Chinese pastimes including 3 images with Chinese traditional musical instruments; they are Xiao (flute), Huqin (string instrument) and Luo (percussion instrument). (When referring to this item please quote stockid 152414)....

      [Bookseller: Asia Bookroom]
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        Nouveau Jeu de Loto Géographique et Universel ou Tableaux des Capitales de L'Univers.

      Paris: Chromol de Engelmann et Graf, c. 1860. Loto Game, consisting of 18 pictorial game cards, each illustrated with five lithographic scenes, one small cloth bag containing glass counters, one large cloth bag containing 90 numbered circular timber tokens, folio rule sheet printed on yellow paper; all contained in the original decorated card box measuring 224 x 280 mm., with colour-printed lid, decorated in gold. A rare and exquisitely produced geographical lotto game, featuring lithographs of major cities and ports of the world. There are 90 countries and principalities featured in Europe, Asia, Oceania, Africa and America, and each is represented by an illustration and brief description of population, exports and industries.Many of the representations of recently-settled Pacific destinations such as Hawaii, Tahiti and the Marquesas are drawn from published voyage accounts. The fine depiction of Sydney Harbour is very closely modelled on the view "Vooloo-mooloo au Port Jackson" which was published in the official account of La Place's grand voyage in La Favorite. This view had originally been drawn in Sydney by the voyage's artist Barthelemy Lauvergne, and was prepared for publication as an aquatint by Sainson."Nouveau Jeu de Loto... " is a particularly fine example of the deluxe nineteenth-century French children's games - beautiful and practical educational devices which made drawing-room geographical study a pleasure. The fine lithographs were printed by Engelmann and Graf, the company established by pioneering French lithographer Godefroy Engelmann.Scarce when complete and especially so when in such fine condition. Some slight ageing to lid otherwise in fine original condition.

      [Bookseller: Hordern House]
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        Mémoires de Jacques Casanova de Seingalt écrits par lui-même

      J. Rorez. first edition and only complete.Binders half caramel shagreen, back with four nerves set with ornate golden dotted double blind fillets, flat marbled boards guards and contreplats of handmade paper, binders of the time.Lovely group virtually free of freckles and set in a charming uniform contemporary binding. J. Rorez Bruxelles 1860 11,5x18,5cm 6 volumes reliés

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        Albumen Print - Chinese Monk

      1860 - Very early photograph of a seated Chinese monk holding prayer beads. Circa 1860. 106mm x 170mm. Good definition and contrast. Small tear top right border which can be seen in the attached image.

      [Bookseller: Picture This (PBFA, IVPDA)]
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        Map of the United States, and Territories Together with Canada &c.

      Pennsylvania. S. Augustus Mitchell Jr. Copyright 1860. [ 1860]. Map, handcolor, 13 1/4 x 21 1/4 inches including decorative border on sheet size 15 1/2 x 24 1/2, centrefold as issued. 1/2 inch split at bottom of centrefold (outside image area), light toning to edges, light scattered foxing (mainly in outer margins). Overall in exceptionally clean and bright condition. A quite beautiful and most extraordinary map showing huge territories in the Western United States just before the area was organised into a formation more familiar to the modern eye. Oregon, California and Texas have formations more or less unchanged from the present day; however the rest of the area west of the central states of Minnesota, Iowa etc is divided between a huge Nebraska, large and elongated Utah, New Mexico, Kansas and Indian Territory. Additionally, Arizona is marked (although not delineated with outline color) in the lower part of New Mexico, most likely noting the public sentiment for a territory of Arizona (which was formed in 1862). West Virginia has not yet seceded from Virginia. A very decorative floral border. Small inset map: Island of Newfoundland. Plate 9 from Mitchell's New General Atlas.

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        Mémoire sur la Fermentation appelée lactique; Memoire sur la Fermentation alcoolique.

      Paris: Mallet-Bachelier, 1858; 1860. First printings, in the very rare offprint form (first paper inscribed by Pasteur), of these two landmark papers, "often considered the beginning of bacteriology as a modern science, [which constitute] the first demonstration of the connection between a specific fermentation and the activity of a specific microorganism" (Garrison & Morton); "A great milestone in biochemistry" (Neville II, p. 274). "Pasteur's first paper on fermentation contains most of the central theoretical and methodological features of his biological theory of fermentation, in particular the concept of fermentation as a product of the growth of yeast, the idea that air is a source of microscopic yeasts and other micro-organisms, and the notion of specificity, in which each fermentation could be traced to a specific micro-organism" (Dibner). "Pasteur's concept of fermentation as a biological process challenged the chemical theory of fermentation put forth by Liebig, which Pasteur was able to disprove with his experiments on alcoholic and acetic fermentation" (Norman). Provenance: The earlier paper is inscribed by Pasteur to the French physicist and chemist Pierre-Guillaume-Camille Forthomme (1821-84): "A Monsieur Forthomme, Professeur au lycée de Nancy, souvenir affectueux, L. Pasteur." "Pasteur's memoir ['Sur la Fermentation appelée lactique'] expressed the basic approach and point of view which informed all of his subsequent work on fermentation. After a historical introduction he began by claiming that "just as an alcoholic ferment exists-namely, brewer's yeast-which is found wherever sugar breaks down into alcohol and carbonic acid-so too there is a special ferment-a lactic yeast-always present when sugar becomes lactic acid" ... Throughout the memoir Pasteur more nearly assumed than proved that lactic yeast "is a living organism, ... that its chemical action on sugar corresponds to its development and organization," and that the nitrogenous substances in the fermenting medium served merely as its food. Nonetheless, his convictions were firm and his conception of fermentation was already remarkably complete ... With two striking exceptions this memoir contains the central theoretical and methodological features of all of Pasteur's work on fermentation-the biological conception of fermentation as the result of the activity of living microorganisms; the view that the substances in the fermenting medium serve as food for the causative microorganism and must therefore be appropriate to its nutritional requirements; the notion of specificity, according to which each fermentation can be traced to a specific microorganism; the recognition that particular chemical features of the medium can promote or impede the development of any one microorganism in it; the notion of competition among different microorganisms for the aliments contained in the media; the assumption that air might be the source of the microorganisms that appear in fermentations; and the technique of directly and actively sowing the microorganism presumed responsible for a given fermentation in order to isolate and purify it. The two missing features, which soon completed Pasteur's basic conception, were the technique of cultivating microorganisms (and thereby producing fermentations) in a medium free of organic nitrogen and his notion of fermentation as "life without air" ... "In December 1857 Pasteur published the first in a series of abstracts, notes, and letters on alcoholic fermentation that culminated in a long and classic memoir of 1860 ['Memoire sur la Fermentation alcoolique']. Divided into two major sections, dealing respectively with the fate of sugar and of yeast in alcoholic fermentation, it inflicted on the chemical theory what Duclaux called "a series of blows straight from the shoulder, delivered with agility and assurance." Pasteur established that alcoholic fermentation invariably produces not only carbonic acid and ethyl alcohol-as was well known-but also appreciable quantities of glycerin and succine acid as well as trace amounts of cellulose, "fatty matters," and "indeterminate products." On the basis of these results, Pasteur emphasized the complexity of alcoholic fermentation and attacked the tendency of chemists since Lavoisier to depict it as the simple conversion of sugar into carbonic acid and alcohol. If the alleged simplicity of the process had formerly been seen as evidence of its chemical nature, he argued, then its actual complexity ought now to be seen as evidence of its dependence on the activity of a living organism. In truth, the complexity of alcoholic fermentation was such as to prevent the writing of a complete equation for it, a fact which was only to be expected, since chemistry was "too little advanced to hope to put into a rigorous equation a chemical act correlative with a vital phenomenon." "However impressive this line of attack against the chemical theory, an even more decisive mode of argument derived from Pasteur's ability to produce yeast and alcoholic fermentation in a medium free of organic nitrogen. To a pure solution of cane sugar he added only an ammonium salt and the minerals obtained by incineration of yeast, then sprinkled in a trace of pure brewer's yeast. Although the experiment was difficult and not always successful, this method could produce an alcoholic fermentation accompanied by growth and reproduction in the yeast and the evolution of all the usual products. If any one constituent of this medium were eliminated, no alcoholic fermentation took place. Obviously, argued Pasteur, the yeast must grow and develop in this mineral medium by assimilating its nitrogen from the ammonium salt, its mineral constituents from the yeast ash, and its carbon from the sugar. In fact, it is precisely the capacity of yeast to assimilate combined carbon from sugar that explains why it can decompose sugar into carbonic acid and alcohol" (DSB). "Educated at the École Normale Supérieure, Forthomme was professor of physics at the high school of Nancy for many years (where he had [Henri] Poincaré as a student), prior to obtaining the chair of the faculty of chemistry [at the University of Nancy] in 1869. Well-known to the intellectual circles of Nancy, he was a member of the municipal council and would sponsor the candidature of Léon Poincaré [Henri's father] to the Académie de Stanislas in 1862" (de Paz & DiSalle, Poincaré, Philosopher of Science, p. 8). Much-abridged versions of the two papers appeared in the Comptes rendus de l'Académie des Sciences (Paris) in 1857; 'Mémoire sur la Fermentation appelée lactique' appeared almost simultaneously in the Mémoires de la Société des Sciences, de l'Agriculture et des Arts de Lille, 2nd series, 5 (1858). The only recorded offprints were prepared from the Annales de Chimie et de Physique. Dibner 198; Garrison-Morton 2472 and Horblit 82 (abridged version); Norman 1653 (offprint), all for the earlier paper. Brock, Milestones in Microbiology, pp. 27-30. 8vo (219 x 135 mm), pp [1-3] 4-106; [1] 2-15 [1:blank but with manuscript annotations, probably by Forthomme], both offprints bound together in early 20th century cloth, first and final leaf with some browning.

      [Bookseller: SOPHIA RARE BOOKS]
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        Illustrations de la Bible. Ancien et Nouveau Testament

      Fourth, de luxe, edition.Chemises in flexible boards with ties intact.With 240 engravings after drawings by Julius Schnorr de Carolsfeld. Spotting to all plates and a few clear marginal dampstains to some.A rare copy. A.W. Schulgen & Georges Wigand Paris & Leipzig 1860 37,5x33,5cm en feuilles sous chemises à lacets

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        Oak Lectern from St Augustine's Abbey Ramsgate.

      142cm high x 50cm wide. A Victorian Gothic Revival oak lectern. The reading slope over two cupboards, one with shelved interior, each with panelled doors, the side panels with Gothic trefoil inserts and pilasters with carved foliate capitals and tracery, with an integral solid platform. Lacking one shelf, a couple of capital leaves missing, but in very good condition. An attractive piece. From St. Augustine's Abbey in Ramsgate. This lectern was used in the Refectory of the Abbey for readings during meals. AWN Pugin built his famous house, known as The Grange, on the cliffs above Ramsgate in 1843-4. From 1845 he built, at his own expense and under his close supervision, the neighbouring church of St Augustine, to which were added its associated cloister, sacristy, school and priest's house. Pugin had acquired land to the north of the church on which he proposed to found a monastery, thus completing his ideal Catholic community, but did not live to see this ambition realised. On his death in 1852 control of the church passed to Thomas Grant, the first Roman Catholic Bishop of Southwark, who in 1856 entrusted it to a group of British Benedictine monks from the abbey of Subiaco in Italy. In 1860-61 a gift from the wealthy Catholic convert Alfred Luck, Pugin's friend and fellow Ramsgate resident, allowed permanent accommodation to be built for the monks. This comprised the present south and west ranges, designed by AWN's son Edward Welby Pugin. The monastery, which incorporated a school (demolished in 1973), was made a priory in 1881, and was raised to abbey status in 1896. In 1904 the present east wing was added, to a design by Edward's half-brother Peter Paul Pugin. In 1926 the Bergh Memorial Library was built to house the collection of books left by the bibliophile Abbot Bergh; the architect was Edward's nephew Charles Henry Purcell, who had himself been educated at the monastery school. Further additions, including the north range and the west gateway, were carried out in 1934-7 by Charles Canning Winmill. In 1976 a link block was added connecting the west range and the library. Edward Welby Pugin (1834-75) was the eldest son of the great Gothic Revival architect AWN Pugin. He inherited his father's burgeoning practice at the age of 18, and continued to develop it with tireless energy. The focus remained firmly on the Roman Catholic Church, but Edward developed a distinctive High Victorian style that combined increased elaboration of detail with a simplified approach to church planning. His major works in England include the churches and monastic buildings at Gorton in Manchester and Belmont in Herefordshire (churches both Grade II*). He lived at the Grange from 1862, and made a number of additions to both the house and the church. (English Heritage website). The Refectory from which this lectern came, was part of the west wing designed by Edward Welby Pugin. In 2011 the monastery decided to move to smaller premises and fixtures and fittings from the Abbey were sold, amongst some consternation, through auction.

      [Bookseller: Henry Sotheran Ltd.]
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        Paris Moderne: Plan d'une ville Modèle que l'Auteur a appelée Novutopie.

      Paris: Libraires du Palais-Royal, 1860. Duodecimo, uncut; original blue paper wrappers, manuscript inscription on front cover. First edition: a proposal for a 'new utopia' founded on pacifist principles.In 1859, a Franco-Italian alliance had sought to repel Austrian aggression in northern Italy, but the French people had been sickened by the losses, and Napoleon III had hastily signed an armistice. It is in this moment of anti-war sentiment that Paris Moderne is situated. Whilst the author proudly claims to have served forty years in the army, this is an essentially pacifist plea in which both the political goals and the heavy loss of life are brought into question in a movement which anticipates the role of war in a mechanized society. That is, battles are reduced to the tragic mathematics of attrition so familiar from later conflicts: in the case of the battle of Eylau, four thousand French in return for six to eight thousand Austrian.His fear is that this culture of war has become so engrained in the public that whole generations exist who regard war as normal, and for whom literature has become nothing more than the bulletins of armies.Although he dreams of a new utopia not brought up 'au bruit du tambour,' he poignantly quotes Cobden: 'La guerre viendra, hélas! toujours trop tôt... '.

      [Bookseller: Hordern House]
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        The Habit & the Horse; a treatise on female equitation. 4to.

      Day & Son. 1860 Front. & plates; front. heavily foxed with all other plates lightly foxed.Orig. dark blue dec. cloth; sl. rubbed & dulled. Contemp. inscription on verso of leading f.e.p. A good plus copy.First published in 1857.

      [Bookseller: Jarndyce Rare Books]
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        The Complete Angler. Or the Contemplative Man's Recreation. Being a Discourse of River Fish-Ponds, Fish and Fishing... and Instructions How to Angle for a Trout or Grayling in a Clear Stream by Charles Cotton. With original memoirs and notes by Sir Harris Nicolas.

      London: Nattali and Bond, 1860. Two volumes, large octavo, 14 fine engraved plates, with many additional textual engravings; contemporary half brown morocco over marbled boards, top edge gilt, preserved in a cloth slipcase. This edition is richly illustrated with a total of 61 plates and vignettes, after Stothard, Inskipp, and Hassell. The text is taken from the fifth edition of 1676, which was the last revised by Walton, but it also footnotes the text of all four earlier editions.Also included are thorough memoirs and notes of both Walton and Cotton. The second Nicolas edition reprinted from Nicolas's Pickering edition of 1836, which is considered one of the most beautiful and thorough fishing books ever published. Minor foxing but a very good copy.

      [Bookseller: Hordern House]
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        Major General J Ogilvie Sed Book. Manuscript

      1860. An Interesting Scottish Law Suit [Trial]. [Manuscript]. [Ogilvie, John (1783-1847)]. [Major Genl. J. Ogilvie Sed. Book Vol. 2. (Spine title, item complete, see below)]. [Likely Edinburgh, 1860s-1871]. [iv], 270 pp. Folio (13" x 8-1/2"). Three-quarter calf over marbled boards. Some rubbing to extremities with chipping to spine ends, corners somewhat worn, text in various neat hands. $750. * From the Oriental Bank Company of Bombay, India to Edinburgh. Here is the story of Major General John Ogilvie and the trustees who settled his complicated estate over a protracted period among feuding family members. In this scenario, it would be a half-sister who would be fighting for a share in the disputed estate versus her sister-in-law. The rights of a woman legatee, in this case the General's widow, were at stake as were the widow's desire to fulfill her husband's wishes. General Ogilvie served in the Honorable East India Company Madras Army. He died without issue and was survived by his widow, Helen Ogilvie [1785-1867]. Helen Ogilvie decided to bequeath the estate to her husband's half-brother, James Ogilvie, but to omit another half-brother, Archibald Ogilvie from the estate. Her decision to exclude Archibald Ogilvie-the widow pointedly stated-was the wish of her deceased husband. But Helen's decision now opened the door to a legal challenge by General Ogilvie's half-sister, Isobel Ogilvie Miller, and Isobel's husband. They too now made a claim on the estate. This challenge came to a head on January 25th, 1870 in the court decision John Duncan and Others (Trustees of General Ogilvie) represented by the Solicitor-General's office via Clark-Munro vs. Mrs. Isobel Ogilvie or Miller and Husband, represented by Fraser and Watson. The case was heard and decided by the entire four-judge bench of the First Division of the Court of Session at Edinburgh, the supreme civil court of Scotland. Despite the designation "Volume 2," this volume forms a complete record created by legal solicitors on behalf of the trustees of General Ogilvie's estate. Volume 1 and any other volumes covered, we assume, other aspects of the suit. The records are in chronological order from 1849 to 1871, but appear to have been gathered as a final record book of the estate's settlement in 1871, following an 1870 Court of Session decision. The volume contains.

      [Bookseller: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.]
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      Lib. Nouvelle & A. Bourdilliat & Cie. First Edition. Bound in black half morocco with corners, back with five nerves set with double nets cold date tail, flat marbled, endpapers and contreplats paper bowl, cover mounted on conserved tab (small small angular gaps filled) elegant binding signed P. Goy. Rare autograph dedication of the author an inquiry to the Marquise de Boissy. Our copy is enriched with an autograph letter of 3 pages in which the author laments the fact that '[d] failed' its correspondent during his visit to Paris, and maintains his travel to Italy where Besides, they could finally meet. Some small foxing, a very pale marginal wetting affecting last layers. Rare together. Copy clearly established. --- Please note that the translation in english is done automatically, we apologize if the formulas are inaccurate. Contact us for any information! Lib. Nouvelle & A. Bourdilliat & Cie Paris 1860 12x18,5cm relié

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        Original, signed autograph in ink of William Henry Fox Talbot - From the collection of a 19th century autograph - collector we have framed his original signature mounted with a reproduction of one of his most famous photographs. The complete collection includes 11 framed reproductions of his photography that are all part of this offer.

      , 1860. England, c. 1860. Original autograph. Excellent condition. The only existing autograph of Fox Talbot on the international market at the time of cataloging. Very rare ! The collection with framed photographs comes with free international DHL Express shipping. William Henry Fox Talbot (11 February 1800 ? 17 September 1877) was a British scientist, inventor and photography pioneer who invented the salted paper and calotype processes, precursors to photographic processes of the later 19th and 20th centuries. His work in the 1840s on photomechanical reproduction led to the creation of the photoglyphic engraving process, the precursor to photogravure. He was the holder of a controversial patent which impacted the early development of commercial photography in Britain. He was also a noted photographer who contributed to the development of photography as an artistic medium. He published The Pencil of Nature (1844?46), which was illustrated with original salted paper prints from his calotype negatives, and made some important early photographs of Oxford, Paris, Reading, and York. (Wikipedia)

      [Bookseller: The Time Traveller's Bookshop ]
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        Eigh. Brief mit Unterschrift.

      "Samstag" (um ) 1860 - 1 Seite, in-8, Rom. - An einen Baron. ". Wollen Sie uns das Vergnügen machen und Sonntag den 4. um 7 Uhr abends bei uns speisen / Ihr ganz ergebenster A. Romako". Beiliegend 3 zeitgenössische Fotografien von Gemälden Romakos im Carte-de-Visit-Format (Atelier Michele Mang in Rom) sowie ein Billet mit einem an Romako gerichteten 6-zeiligen Gedicht seines Malerfreundes Major Franz Kühlen, Rom, 3. 1. 1860. - Der Außenseiter der Wiener Ringstraßenepoche lebte von 1857 bis 1876 in Rom, wo er eine Zeitlang als Porträtist und Genremaler erfolgreich war. - Sehr selten. Zu Franz Kühlen siehe Thieme-B. 22, 56. Sein Gedicht lautet: "An Romako. / So ist's ein ernstes, lustig Streben: / 'Das was man malt, muß man auch leben / Und auch das Leben recht genießen / Aus dem uns reine Freuden sprießen'; Drum lebe, male, immerfort / Es gelingt dir beides, auf mein Wort."

      [Bookseller: Wiener Antiquariat Ingo Nebehay GmbH]
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        UPSALA. - Nordström, S. Upsala I Taflor.

      Uppsala, Schultz, ca. 1860 - 24,5 x 32 cm. 2 Bl., 36 S. Mit 1 lithogr. Titel und 12 getönt. lithogr. Tafeln von und nach A. Nay. Illustr. OHLwd. Nicht bei Engelmann. - Die schönen Lithographien zeigen Gesamt- und Teilansichten, das Schloss, den Dom, Straßen, Plätze uvm. - Ebd. berieben und leicht fleckig. Die Textseiten teils leicht gebräunt, die Tafeln teils minimal (eine stärker) stockfleckig. - Schönes, sehr seltenes Album! [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Peter Bierl Buch- & Kunstantiquariat]
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      [London]: Day & Son, 1860. Occasional spotting to text, yet an uncommonly fine copy. Illuminated by Owen Jones and Henry Warren. Illustrated in chromolithography using six to thirteen colors per plate including gilt in additional to the normal reds and blues. Bound in original publisher's Leake's Patent relievo brown calf with blind stylized foliage designs on the covers and spine, the upper cover with the title, the lower with the publisher's name in intertwined lettering, a.e.g. An outstanding example of chromolithography, this was Owen Jones' first book after the Grammar of Ornament. There are many styles of ornament, from floral to geometric, but nearly all the design in formal. "Here is a new conception in book design, which prefigures the Kelmscott opening of thirty years later". (McLean. Victorian Book Design, p. 128-9).

      [Bookseller: First Folio]
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        A Curious Dance Round a Curious Tree. FIRST EDITION, 2nd issue.

      St. Luke's Hospital. [1860] Once folded. Orig. pale pink wrappers; sl. dusted. v.g. in green cloth fold-over case.With the last paragraph of text in bold type, & sl. less elaborate front cover border.

      [Bookseller: Jarndyce Rare Books]
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        Godey's Lady's Book 1860 [Volumes LX and LXI]

      Philadelphia: Louis A. Godey, 1860. Frontispiece, engraved title page, iv, 574p, music, illustrations, plates in color; frontispiece, 570p, music, illustrations, plates in color, fold out. 24cm. Quarter gilt ruled red morocco back and tips with red cloth covers; four raised bands and titling in gilt on the spine. Leather corners rubbed, skinned; spine rubbed; cloth slightly soiled. Contents are exceptional and the book is in very good condition

      [Bookseller: Michael J. Osborne Books LLC]
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        Accuraat geografisch kaart-boekje of zak-atlas van het keyzerryk en geheel Duytsland, de Oostenrykse Nederlanden, Haarlem, Bernardus Cleynhens, [ca. 1747?]. Small 8vo (16 x 10 cm). With 25 double-page engraved maps (2 overview maps), and an engraved plate with 8 scales, all hand-coloured, partly in outline. Half textured red cloth (ca. 1860?).

      - Koeman I, Cle 1; STCN (2 copies); WorldCat (2 copies). A surprisingly rare pocket atlas illustrating the theatre of the "tegenwoordigen" (present) war, probably meaning the War of the Austrian Succession (1740-1748) but possibly the Seven Years' War (1756-1763). The title-page notes that it is suited for officers, travellers and lovers of geography to carry in a pocket. The text (in Dutch) gives a geographic description only of "Duytsland" (Germany), including Austria, Bohemia and a few other areas, whereas the maps also cover the Low Countries, the English Channel, northwest France and to the east as far as Warsaw, Krakow and Belgrade. The 23 detail maps were designed so that they could be assembled with the key map to make a single wall map, whose cartographic image would measure 53 x 90 cm.With a contemporary owner's, bookplate, embossed stamp and library labels. With the text leaves somewhat browned, not affecting the maps or the plate with scales, and the first 2 leaves slightly worn, but generally in good condition. A rare pocket atlas from the War of the Spanish Succession.

      [Bookseller: ASHER Rare Books]
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        A Letter to the Board of Visitors of the Greenwich Royal Observatory in reply to the calumnies of Mr. Babbage. London: G. Barclay, 1860. [Bound with:] A Letter to the Board of Visitors of the Greenwich Royal Observatory in reply to the calumnies of Mr. Babbage at their meeting in June 1853 and in his book entitled The Exposition of 1851. London: G. Barclay, 1854 [And with:] Correspondence respecting the Liverpool Observatory [- Supplement]. London: G. Barclay, 1845. [And with:] A Reply to Mr Babbage's Letter to "The Times," "On the planet Neptune and the Royal Astronomical Society's Medal." London: G. Barclay, 1847. [And with:] 'A Memoir of the late Rev. Richard Sheepshanks, M.A.' Offprint from Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. XVI, No. 4. London: G. Barclay, 1856.

      London: G. Barclay, 1845-1860. A possibly unique collection of pamphlets, all first editions, documenting the decades-long dispute between Babbage (1791-1871) and his archenemy Sheepshanks (1794-1855), but also involving Sir James South (1785-1867) and Sir George Biddell Airy (1801-1892). "In a section [of Exposition of 1851] called "Intrigues of Science" Babbage accused Airy of being part of a vendetta against him and influencing government against his engines through personal allegiance to Babbage's enemies. The villain of the piece (according to Babbage) is the Reverend Richard Sheepshanks, an astronomer with an early training in law and a close friend of Airy" (Swade, p. 186). Sheepshanks replied in A Letter to the Board of Visitors (1854), which was re-issued in 1860 together with a thirty-seven-page addition containing correspondence by South and Sheepshanks and relevant extracts from Babbage's Exposition [in this copy, only the 'addition' from the 1860 issue of A Letter to the Board of Visitors is present, the main text being that of the 1854 first edition]. "This was one of several "piquant pamphlets" which "remain to illustrate the science of our century, and will furnish ample materials to the future collector of our literary curiosities" (De Morgan). Another dealt with the award of the 'Neptune medal;' a third, in 1845, with the affairs of the Liverpool observatory. "When asked why [Sheepshanks] allowed himself to enter into such disputes, he would reply that he was just the person for it; that he had leisure, courage, and contempt for opinion when he knew he was right" (De Morgan in Examiner, 8 Sept. 1855)" (Agnes Mary Clerke in DNB). These documents shed light not only on the behind-the scenes politics of Babbage's attempts to secure funding for his difference and analytical engines, but also on the wider scientific politics of the period, notably the class conflict between amateur and professional scientists. In the mid-nineteenth century, "science was becoming institutionalized and also more conservative. As in the case of the Analytical Society, once again the central group of academic men of science was based in Trinity College, Cambridge... and included Whewell, Airy and Sheepshanks. Far more conservative than the Analyticals, without anyone with anything like the scientific ability of Babbage or Herschel, this group played a crucial part in the academic establishment and the embryonic scientific bureaucaracy" (Hayman, p. 149). The animosity between Babbage and Sheepshanks dates from 1830, "a period of turmoil in the Royal Society, whose amateurishness was seen by a number of leading scientists as scandalous; and [Sir James] South supported the attacks on the Society's establishment mounted in 1830 by Charles Babbage [in his Reflections on the decline of science in England], by publishing a pamphlet of thirty-nine Charges against the President and Councils of the Royal Society" (Hoskin, p. 177). South, a leading observational astronomer, was elected President of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1829, with Sheepshanks as Secretary. The two rapidly began to feud, and Babbage, as a friend and supporter of South, was dragged in. "Babbage alleges in Exposition that Sheepshanks was twice thwarted by Sir James South in the politics of scientific affairs. Babbage had supported South on both occasions. On the second occasion, a meeting at the Admiralty about the Nautical Almanac, Sheepshanks, a belligerent stirrer who loved nothing better than a scrap, threatened Babbage as they left the meeting room: 'I am determined to put down Sir James South and if you and other respectable men will give him your support, I will put you down.' "The third confrontation between the two men occurred during the notorious court case between South and the instrument makers Troughton and Simms over an allegedly defective telescope mounting supplied by the company for South's Campden Hill Observatory. The cause célèbre split the scientific community and the 'astronomers' war' was one of the bitterest of the century. The ever-combative Sheepshanks was prominent in the hostilities and volunteered to act for Troughton. Babbage was lined up on the other side and testified in 1834 as an 'expert witness' in favour of South who had a reputation as an 'unpleasant maverick' and is described by Hall as 'irascible almost beyond the bounds of sanity when engaged in controversy'. After Babbage had been cross-examined he found himself alone with Sheepshanks in the courtroom. Babbage alleged that Sheepshanks threatened him and attempted to intimidate him before the cross-examination which was to continue the following day. He alleged that Sheepshanks said that Babbage's allegiance to South made it necessary to discredit him and that 'he would at some future time, attack me publicly on another subject' because of his support for South. Babbage took the 'other subject' to mean his calculating engines. Babbage then completed the chain with the link to Airy. He asserted that through Airy's friendship and allegiance to Sheepshanks, Airy had become party to Sheepshanks' scheme to discredit him and that Airy was one of the dark forces behind the obstructions that had been placed in his path ... "Sheepshanks maintained that the 'other subject' on which he threatened to attack Babbage was not the calculating engines but Babbage's failure to fully discharge his duties as Lucasian professor of mathematics at Cambridge. Babbage did not reside in Cambridge during his occupancy of the chair which he held between 1828-39, nor did he teach. Resentment of what was perceived as an abuse was widespread and Airy evidently shared in this. "The logic of Babbage's case against Airy reduces to a tortuous allegation that Sheepshanks was conducting a vendetta against Babbage because of Babbage's support for South (for whom Sheepshanks had expressed loathing) and that Airy was personally hostile to Babbage out of sympathy with Sheepshanks, Airy's close friend. The loop is closed with Babbage's allegation that Airy's grudge influenced his judgements against the engines, and his advice to Government was therefore malicious" (Swade, pp. 186-8). "The middle 1840s saw no reduction in the vigour with which Sheepshanks sought out controversy, and in 1847 he made himself - if possible - even more hateful to Babbage by defending the RAS actions over medals for the discovery of Neptune, in contradiction of criticisms Babbage made in a letter to The Times" (Hoskin, p. 200). The competing claims of Adams and Le Verrier to priority in the discovery of Neptune split the RAS. A vote on the recipient of their gold medal for 1846 at their February 1847 meeting resulted in a stalemate and deferral. A majority of three to one was required to award the medal to Le Verrier, and Airy, along with four others, opposed it, causing the motion to fail. Airy finally got a proposal to pass that would defer the decision to the April meeting on whether they should award two medals for that year, one each to Le Verrier and to Adams. On March 15 Charles Babbage wrote a frustrated letter to The Times proposing that Le Verrier should receive the 1846 medal, as was moved in February, and that Adams should receive a special medal in 1847 for his part in the discovery of the new planet. According to their proceedings published at the end of the year, it appears that neither mathematician received the medal, as the Society found it impossible to choose between them. Sheepshanks, as Airy's faithful supporter, responded in A Reply to Mr Babbage's Letter. Sheepshanks continued his proxy war with South on another front by engaging in a bitter controversy with the Liverpool cotton broker, astronomer and poet John Taylor. A close ally of South, Taylor was a maverick who condemned those who blew "the ecclesiastical trumpet" in scientific disputes, and bitterly resented those who would limit authority to those who had "an M.D., an F.R.S., an F.R.A.S.L." appended to their names. The dispute stemmed from criticisms made by Taylor to Sheepshanks' proposed location for the Liverpool Observatory. Taylor also took issue with Sheepshanks' view that the purpose of the observatory was merely to "get, keep and communicate true Greenwich time to the great port of Liverpool." The two men exchanged a series of letters in the Liverpool Times, but the ultimate response from Sheepshanks was his pamphlet Correspondence respecting the Liverpool Observatory. In the Supplement Sheepshanks set out to criticize Taylor for an article that appeared in the Liverpool Mercury on 5 September 1845 entitled 'A new cometarium' - this was an instrument for determining the geocentric ecliptic latitude and longitude of a comet. After Taylor's death in 1857, the cometarium passed into the renowned collection of scientific instruments owned by South (it is now in the Museum of the History of Science in Oxford). But it was Babbage who landed the final blow in his war with Sheepshanks. To the anonymous review of Babbage's Exposition published in The Mechanics Magazine of 24 January 1852 was appended a sensational letter from South, stating that "on the late Mr. Troughton's word to me, the Reverend Richard Sheepshanks had asked Mr. Troughton to let one of his men go to the Custom-house to clear, as an English instrument, a circle of [the French maker] Jecker's, on which Mr. Sheepshanks had had engraved the name of "Troughton," to evade duty." "Sheepshanks now found himself in a very difficult situation. The complaints made by Babbage in his book had merely related to a private conversation that had taken place long ago, and conversations are open to interpretation... But the substance of the charge was true: in 1823 or thereabouts, the future Reverend Sheepshanks, FRS, had had Troughton's name forged in order to deceive the customs and evade the duty prescribed by law. The culprit merely highlighted his own embarrassment by later arguing that on balance he had been the loser in his various encounters with the Revenue, and that everybody smuggled" (Hoskin, p. 201). Babbage pressed home the attack at the Anniversary Meeting of the Royal Society in 1853. Despite Airy's attempt to prevent it, Babbage read out South's letter to The Mechanics Magazine and asked Sheepshanks directly if the charges were true. He admitted two charges and denied the other two, but his defence was cut short by the meeting. "The prospect of a further attack from Babbage at the next meeting of the Greenwich Visitors [i.e. the trustees of the Royal Observatory] spurred Sheepshanks to honour an earlier pledge to publish an apologia. "Sheepshank's polemic "in reply to the calumnies of Mr Babbage" was not yet complete by the time of the meeting of the Greenwich Visitors, but he distributed unfinished copies to those attending. At the Anniversary Meeting of the Royal Society that November he arranged for completed copies of his defence - running to no fewer than 92 pages - to be handed out to Fellows as they entered the building. When the next Anniversary Meeting took place he would be dead" (Hoskin, p. 203). "Even then this was not the end of it. So bitter was the feud that the enraged South published an attack on the Astronomical Society's obituary ['A Memoir of the late Rev. Richard Sheepshanks, M.A.']" (Swade, p. 188). All these pamphlets are rare. We have located only one other set at auction (Sotheby's 23 March 1971, lot 14), probably the present copy. Martin Beech, 'The cometarium by John Taylor,' Bulletin of the Scientific Instrument Society, No. 88 (2006), pp. 2-6; Anthony Hayman, Charles Babbage: Pioneer of the Computer, 1985; Michael Hoskin, 'Astronomers at War: South v. Sheepshanks' Journal for the History of Astronomy 20, no. 62 (1989), pp. 175-212; Nicholas Kollerstrom, 'John Herschel on the discovery of Neptune,' Journal of Astronomical History and Heritage 9 (2006), pp. 151-158; Doron Swade, The Difference Engine, 2000. Together five works in one volume, 8vo, pp. 37; iv, 5-92, xiv, 15-91 [- 28]; 16; 15. Contemporary morocco (bound by Reviere), covers ruled in gilt, spine lettered and ruled in gilt, gilt turn-ins, marbled endpapers, top edge gilt (rubbed, front hinge cracked at foot).

      [Bookseller: SOPHIA RARE BOOKS]
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        Paroissien complet contenant l'Office divin de tous les Dimanches et de toutes les Fêtes de l'Année en latin et en français.

      - Paris, Belin-Leprieur et Morizot, sd [ca.1860]. In-16, 768p. Jolie édition ornée de gravures hors-texte en noir. Le premier plat est incrusté d'or, d'argent et d'émail, dans un tortueux mélange d'objets et symboles religieux. Mis à part la colombe centrale entourée d'émail framboise, on retrouve le triangle de la Sainte Trinité, un encensoir, une crosse, une croix, un chapelet, une mitre, un calice avec une hostie, un agneau, etc. Travail d'une rare complexité pour une incrustation dans de l'écaille de tortue. Reliure dos velours, plats en écaille de tortue incrustés d'or, d'argent et d'émail (uniquement d'argent pour le second plat), tranches dorées, fermoir en argent. Légère usure du velours. Dans son étui défraîchi. Superbe exemplaire, travail rare et d'une grande qualité, écaille très belle. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Librairie Trois Plumes]
 42.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  

        Les Cantinières de France

      Paris: F. Sinnett, éditeur, 1860. Twenty-Five Fine Female Costume Plates in Panorama Form Six Copies Only Located in Libraries and Institutions Worldwide [PANORAMA]. Les Cantinières de France [Designed and Lithographed by C. Maurice]. Paris: F. Sinnett, éditeur, Galerie Colbert, 10., ca. 1860. First (only) edition. Sixteenmo (5 7/8 x 4 inches; 150 x 102 mm.). Panorama extending to approximately 100 inches (2550 mm.), containing twenty-five colored lithographed plates enhanced in color by hand. Publisher's red pebbled cloth over boards, front cover decoratively stamped and lettered in gilt. Light rubbing/wear to extremities of covers. Neat blue ink inscription on front paste-down. With the printed booksellers label of Vve. Bouchard also on front paste-down. Cantinière or a Vivandière is the French name for women attached to military regiments as sutlers or canteen keepers. Their pretty uniforms coupled with implied good looks as well as an almost saintly disposition led them to appear in numerous contemporary printed material, notably cheap prints and pamphlets. Their actual historic function of selling wine to the troops and working in canteens led to the adoption of the name 'cantinière' which came to supplant the original 'vivandière' starting in 1793, but the use of both terms was common in French until the mid-19th century, and 'vivandière' remained the term of choice in non-French-speaking countries such as the USA/CSA, Spain, Italy, and Great Britain. Vivandières served in the French army up until the beginning of World War I, but the custom (and the name) spread to many other armies. Vivandières also served on both sides in the American Civil War, and in the armies of Spain, Italy, the German states, Switzerland, and various armies in South America. The term Cantinière replaced Vivandières-Blanchisseuses in 1852. Rare with OCLC and KVK locating only six copies in institutions worldwide: Metropolitan Museum of Art (NY); New York Public Library; US Military Academy at Westpoint (NY); Smithsonian Institution (DC); Brown University (RI), and Libris Consortium (Stockholm, Sweden).

      [Bookseller: David Brass Rare Books, Inc.]
 43.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  

        Vues de Copenhague. Prospecter af Kjobenhavn.

      Kjobenhavn, Baerentzen, o. J. (ca. 1860). 12 farbige Lithographien. Quer-8°. Farbiger Umschlag. Umschlag lose. Einzelne Ansichten etwas stockfleckig, sie Foto. Nähere Beschreibung auf Wunsch.. Indeholdende Industriudstillingsbygningen : 1. Parti af Vesterbro. 2. St. Kjömagergade med Posthuset og Rundetaarn. 3. Parti af Havnen. 4. Rosenborg Slot. 5. Udsigt fra Christiansborg Slot. 6. Amalienborg. 7. Udsigt over Nörrebro. 8. Parti af Gammeltorv. 9. Parti ved Börsen og Christiansborg Slot. 10. Parti af Amagertorv. 11. Udsigt fra Langelinie. 12. Observatoriet og Kommunehospitalet. Versand D: 5,90 EUR

      [Bookseller: BerlinAntiquariat]
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        Narrative of the Canadian Red River Exploring Expedition of 1857 and of the Assinniboine and Saskatchewan Exploring Expedition of 1858. Vol I and II.

      London: Longman, Green, Longman and Roberts. Good. 1860. Hardcover. Brown, full leather binding with gilt title and designs on spine and gilt design on front. All edges have marbled and gilt designs. Pastedowns and first and last endpapers have marbled design. Vol I 494pp. Vol II 472pp. Condition for both volumes: light scratches to boards, along with light to medium wear to spine; all corners are bumped and worn, and all edges have light wear and rubbing; endpapers have light foxing; front endpapers have previous owner's name. Vol II has a dampstain on boards, front board stain is about 4" long and back board stain is about 1" wide and 8" long. Included in both volumes are numerous illustrations and maps. Some illustrations are b&w woodcuts, while others are called "chromoxylographs" (color woodcuts) and are mostly colored in blue, white, yellow and black. There are two fold out maps, both in color and in very good condition and many other plate maps and plans from the expedition. This journey throughout Northwest Canada was undertaken to "ascertain the practicability of establishing an emigrant route between Lake Superior and Selkirk Settlement, and to acquire some knowledge of the natural resources of the Valley of the Red River and Saskatchewan." ; 8vo 8" - 9" tall .

      [Bookseller: Back of Beyond Books, ABAA ]
 45.   Check availability:     ABAA     Link/Print  


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