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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1850

        The Rule And Exercises Of Holy Dying [With Rare Historical Fore-Edge Painting Of Early Painted View Of Washington Dc From Arlington Heights, Showing Washington Monument Under Construction]

      London: W. Pickering, 1850. 5th or later Edition . Red Morocco. Near Fine. Fore-Edge Painting. 262 Pp. Full Pebbled Red Morocco, All Compartments Gilt, Five Bands, Covers Elaborately Gilt With Nine Borders In Gilt, Inner Blindstamped Rule With Corner Embellishment, Elaborately Gilt Edges And Elaborately Gilt Turns, All Edges Of Page Block Gilt, Yellow Endpapers, With Bound In Black Silk Marker. Title Page In Red And Black. 6 5/8" Tall. Remarkably Well Preserved, Slight Rubbing, No Names Or Marks. This Example With A Well-Preserved Foredge Painting Of Washington D. C. From Arlington Heights With Potomac River And Several Ships In Foreground, Painting Apparently Done Apparently Circa 1850-1853 As The Washington Monument Is Depicted As About 1/3 Completed.

      [Bookseller: Arroyo Seco Books]
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        Eichstrasse ('Strasse nach der Eich in Wermelskirchen').

      - Lithographie n. Heinrichs, um 1850, 16,5 x 22,5 Unter der Ansicht die Namen der Bewohner (Jäger, Brunsberg, Droste, Uhlenbrock, Bastian, Löwenstein, Wothke, Pastor Zimmermann, Johann, Kaulen, Felsch, Steffens, Lappe, Römer, Schmitz und Churpfälzischer Hof bei W. Lucas')

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Norbert Haas]
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        Complete deck of Lenomand-Piquet fortune-telling cards

      Bruges: : Édouard Alexis Daveluy, 1850. Unbound. Very good. Complete with all 36 cards (sixes through aces) measuring approximately 2.25" x 3.5". Lithographed with stencil coloring. The cards feature a Lenomand image with its basic meaning (in French) and have illustration of traditional playing cards in the upper left corners. The cards are in nice shape with light wear; at one time the ace of spades (the Dame) stuck to the reverse of the ace of diamonds (the Sun) resulting in matching ¼" x 1" scuffs on each. Tiny scuffs to the reverse of two other cards .Provenance: Harrie A. Kenter, Amsperdan. Marie Anne Adelaide Lenormand, became the most famous cartomancer in Europe during the late 1700s and early 1800s. She arrived in Paris as a destitute teenager in 1780s, perhaps with a deck or three of fortune-telling cards that had belonged to her mother. Soon, she became quite popular and is said to have been consulted by Napoleon, Robespierre Jospehine, Marat, Czar Alexander, and other. Two years after her death in 1843, a 54-card deck, "Grand jeu de Mlle Lenormand," was published anonymously in Paris along with "her" instructions for reading cards. Around 1850, playing card makers in Belgium, Germany, Austria, and Switzerland began producing "Petit Lenormand" cards based on a 36-card piquet deck with symbols from a fortune-telling pack first published around 1800; Édouard Develuy was among-if not the-first to do so. (See Chatto (1848) p 324, Van Resseler (1912) pp 367-374, and Caitlín Matthews's Soundings, 28 April 2012) Quite scarce, although modern reprints are available. As of 2017, no others are for sale in the trade, and there are no auction listings at ABPC, Rare Book Hub, or Worthpoint. OCLC shows two (by different publishers) held by institutions.

      [Bookseller: Read 'Em Again Books, ABAA]
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        The PERSONAL HISTORY Of DAVID COPPERFIELD

      Bradbury & Evans, London 1850 - Original 20 Parts, in 19, as issued. Parts III & X with replaced rear wrappers [Part II on III; Part XI on X]. As is usually the case, some parts with advert variances/lacks from Hatton & Cleaver, though this set with the complete Letts advert in Part VIII ["particularly scarce . more often than not a missing quantity." H&C, p. 254]. Complete detailed H&C collation supplied on request. Illustrated with frontis, vignette title-page & 38 plates by Hablot K. Browne (Phiz). 2 plates per part, with the last double number having 4, including the frontis & engraved title. 8vo. 8-3/4" x 5-3/4" Case spine sunned to a mellow golden brown. Some extremity wear. Parts with general wear, and faint whiff of tobacco. Prior owner initials to top of Part XI front wrapper; prior owner name inked to top of Part XVI front wrapper. A VG set in a VG case. Housed in a late 19th C / early 20th C. three-quarter green morocco pull-apart case, with green cloth chemise [Attributes: Soft Cover]

      [Bookseller: Tavistock Books, ABAA]
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        The Personal History of David Copperfield. With Illustrations by H.K. Browne.

      - Bradbury & Evans, London 1850. 8vo. XVI+624 pages. Litographed frontispiece and title + 38 litographed plates. Bound untrimmed in a nice, contemporary, dark blue half calf binding, marbled side paper and all edges marbled. Nice clean text leaves and mainly marginal foxing to the plates. Nice tight copy. * First book edition. Litographed title-page with the year 1850 and complete according to John C. Eckel. With the misspellings and typographical errors (cha pter ;ut on page 19, screwed on page 132, recal on page 225). [Attributes: First Edition]

      [Bookseller: Vangsgaards Antikvariat Aps]
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        Application de l'analyse a la géométrie. 5 planches. Das Porträt des Verfassers als gestoch. Frontispiz.

      Paris Bachelier 1850 - 5. edit., revue, corrigée et annotée par M. Liouville. 4°. III, 638 S. Halbleder d. Zt. auf 5 Bünden mit 2 goldgepr. Rückenschildern. - Nur erste Ss. etwas stockfleckig, insgesamt prächtiges, wohlerhaltenes Expl. ! Enthält die frz. Übersetzung der Schrift "Disquisitiones generales circa superficies curvas" des deutschen Mathematikers C.-F. Gauss unter dem Titel "Mémoire de M. Gauss. Recherches sur la theorie générale des surfaces courbes" S. 505 - 546. Sprache: Deutsch 1.100 gr. Halbleder d. Zt. auf 5 Bünden mit 2 goldgepr. Rückenschildern. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Klaus Schöneborn]
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        Die Wiener-Freiwilligen. Mit einem Gedicht von Joseph Christian von Zedlitz. Handkolor. eiweißgehöhte Lithographie

      Wien, Rauh, verlegt bei Neumann ca 1850. \"gerahmt; Bildausschnitt: 27 x 38,5 cm; Außenmaß: 55x66, 5 cm; Rahmen geringfüg. beschabt, schwache Stockflecken zumeist im weißen Rand des Blattes.\"Versand D: 15,00 EUR Austriaca, Militaria, Uniformen, Wien, Viennensia, Graph, Military, Austria, Vienna

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Löcker]
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        Souvenirs des Pyrénées. Bagnères de Luchon et ses environs.

      S.D. (vers 1850), Dulon, Libraire-Editeur - Aug. Bassy - Album in-folio à l'italienne ( 400 X 270 mm ), demi basane rouge, dos lisse orné muet, plats de percaline rouge à grain imitant le chagrin, guirlande romantique à froid sur les deux plats, large guirlande dorée avec le titre "Souvenirs des Pyrénées" au centre du premier plat, coupes protégées d'une baguette en laiton, fermoirs en laiton, tranches dorées. Reliure de l'époque. Contemporary half red roan, blind & g. ornated cloth covers. Labarère, 1164-1169 Dendaletche, 1452. Ce très beau recueil composé à l'époque s'ouvre sur une page de titre "Bagnères de Luchon et ses environs" illustrée d'une lithographie ovale, le titre, l'auteur et l'éditeur en lettres rouges et or, suivi de 61 lithographies à fond teinté, sur Chine monté : scènes, vues de villes, et de montagnes, panoramas ( dont 3 sur double planche et 2 sur triple planche ). Gravures fraiches au tirage particulièrement bien contrasté et presque "brillant", sans rousseurs notables, quelques traces de doigt çà et là, belle reliure d'époque. - Les planches 1 à 30 sont numérotées et portent le titre courant "Bagnères de Luchon", la dernière de cette série s'intitule "Vue de la petite ville de Venasque, Espagne". Elles sont du premier tirage, imprimées chez Thierry à Paris. - Les 17 planches suivantes portent le titre courant "Les Pyrénées" ( sauf la seconde "Vallée d'Arreau et chaine des Hautes-Pyrénées vue prise au-dessus du col d'Aspin", non numérotée, et portant cependant le titre courant "Bagnères de Luchon" ). Elles sont imprimées par J. Monrocq à Paris. - Les 14 dernières, à la numérotation aléatoire, proviennent des séries titres courants "Cauterets", "Hautes-Pyrénées", "Basses-Pyrénées", Eaux-Bonnes", ou "Eaux-Chaudes". Elles sont toutes imprimées par Thierry, et publiées par Aug. Bassy. Ex-libris Félix Durosier. Lithographie Géographie Pyrénées Régionalisme [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Tiré à Part]
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        Konvolut von handschriftlichen Noten und Texten.

      Priv. Einände. Das Konvolut besteht aus: Eine Mappe von 184 Notenblättern handschriftlich, meist rubriziert in rot blau. Einer Mappe "Lieder für gemischten Chor", fortlaufend nummeriet 187 - 366, alle handschriftlich. Einer Mappe bez. m. Haronium Nr. 1 - 186, alle handschriftlich, weiters Beilagen, sowie Verzeichnisse nach Seitenzahlen und Compositionen (2 Hefte). Eine Mappe bez. Sangweisen. Handschriften auf Pergament, dem 15. bzw. 16. Jahrhundert nachempfunden. Eine Mappe bez. "Erinnerungen", beginnend ab 1850 bis circa 1890 die Salzburger Liedertafel betreffend. Mit zahlreichen Dokument Zeichnungen meist chronologisch datiert. Circa 400 Blatt. In einer Klatte Schnorrs von Carolsfeld. Eine Mappe bez. "Orgel" mit handschriftlichen Abschriften klassischer Komponisten u. a. - Ein Liederbuch bez. "Bürger-Sänger - Zunft - München. Lithographisch vervielflältigt, 112 S. - Insgesamt eine Sammlung von Unikaten. Zugleich eine genaue Chronologie der Geschichte der Salzburger Liedertafel. - RARA.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Weinek]
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        Important collection of 7 extremely rare nineteenth-century Colombian Almanacs and Calendars. 1850-1866.

      1850-1866, Bogota 1850 - "Early Colombian Calendars & Almanacs". Small 8vo. Cloth case. The Biblioteca Nacional de Colombia Catalogue Catálogo Colectivo del patrimonio bibliográfico colombiano (CCPBC) records no original copy of any of the Almanacs in any library and only numbers 4 and 5 are available in the Biblioteca Nacional de Colombia as microform or in electronic form. We have not traced any library copies elsewhere. The ephemeral nature of these publications aimed at broad public no doubt accounts for their scarcity. They were much used, their small format permitting them to be carried in the pocket for ease of consultation. They were almost certainly the only easily accessible printed matter and for that reason they are an important source for the history of the period. They were intended as a practical guide to the temporal ordering of religious and civil life. Apart from astronomical information, religious festivals and observances and civil events, they often contained a potpourri of elements designed for the amusement and instruction of their readers: poems, games, aphorisms, tables of weights and measures, cookery and general domestic recommendations and advice on appropriate social and moral conduct etc. They thus offer an illuminating insight into daily life of the period. 1) Calendario ó Almanaque Legitimo para la Nueva Granada, calculado para el año 1850. contiene un curioso Oráculo. Bogota, Imprenta de Sánchez i Morales 38 pp. + 1 blank leaf + 39 Pp. de 13 cm. Original yellow wrappers. 2) Almanaque Arreglado Al Meridiano para el año de 1854 Imp. De Nicolás Gómez 1853. 48 pp. De14 cm. Original green wrappers. 3) Almanaque de Cartera Calculado Por El Meridiano De Bogota, Para El Año De 1855. Bogota Imprenta de E. Vergara Tenorio. 1855. 24pp. + la portada. 13 cm. Original yellow wrappers. 4) Almanaque Arreglado Al Meridiano De Bogota para El Año De 1857. Bogota Imprenta De F. Torres Amaya. 32 pp. 13 5 cm. Original yellow wrappers. 5) Almanaque Para El Año Bisiesto De 1860, Calculado Por El Doctor Benedicto Domínguez Del Castillo. Bogota. Imp. De Francisco Torres Amaya. 32 pp. 13 5 cm. Rustica amarilla. 6) Almanaque Astronómico I Religioso Para El Año De 1861, Calculado Por El Doctor Benedicto Domínguez. Bogota. Imprenta de Francisco Torres Amaya. 32 pp. Original yellow wrappers. 7) Almanaque Para El Año De 1866, arreglado Para Los Estado Unidos De , Colombia por Manuel Ponce de León Imprenta De Echevarria Hermanos Bogota 17 pp.Original cream wrappers. (g.7340) 7vols. volumen(es)/volume(s) S.P. páginas [Attributes: Soft Cover]

      [Bookseller: Libreria de Antano (ILAB & ABA Members)]
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        Diccionario Geográfico-Estadístico-Histórico de España y sus posesiones de Ultramar .

      1845-1850. . - Establ. Tipográfico de P. Madoz y L. Sagasti. Madrid. Col. Tercera edición. 16 Vol. . . Folio. Media piel de época. . Monumental edición de este liberal pamplonés, Pascual Madoz. El Diccionario geográfico hace una detallada descripción de la geografía e historia de España y sus colonias. Ilustrqado con numerosso cuadros estadísticos. 16 volúmenes encuadernados en media piel de época con hierros y dorados en lomera. En buen estado. 3º Edición. .

      [Bookseller: Librería Anticuaria Astarloa]
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        Autograph letter signed.

      Down Farnborough Kent, 8. [VIII. 1850]. - 8vo. 4 pp. on bifolium. An important letter which underscores Darwin's belief in the scientific significance of the study of Cirripedia (barnacles). To Nathaniel Thomas Wetherell: "I fear that you will think me a sad trespasser on your kindness & forbearance, when I tell you that I have not actually completed my description of Loricula; but I shall do it directly & write now to obtain your permission to take (myself) your specimen to Mr. James De C. Sowerby to [be] drawn for publication by the Palæontographical Society.- I have received Mr [John Wickham] Flower's specimens, & some from Denmark but none are related to the Loricula, which is as perplexing as ever to me.- Immediately that Mr Sowerby has with your permission figured the Loricula (& I shall take it up in a fortnight) it shall be returned to you. - Is there any safe place where I could leave it in London for you, or shall I return it by a messenger? - I believe I did once before ask you, whether you have any other fossil Cirripedia. - To save you the trouble of answering, I will assume, without I hear to the contrary that Mr Sowerby may figure it. - With my best thanks | I remain dear Sir | Yours faithfully | C. Darwin | I assure you that it has not been idleness which has delayed me, but numbers of specimens of other fossil Cirri[pe]des". - We are able to date this letter precisely because August 1850 was the only month with a 'Thursday 8th' in the period between the Palaeontographical Society's decision to publish Fossil Cirripedia and the publication of the first volume of this work in 1851, in which Loricula pulchella is described (Fossil Cirripedia (1851): 81-6). - James de Carle Sowerby drew all the figures of the specimens in the first volume of Fossil Cirripedia. At the time of writing, Darwin does not seem to have known that George Brettingham Sowerby Jr had described and figured this particular specimen in 1843. However, since that time Wetherell had cleared away more material from the specimen, revealing features not seen by G.B. Sowerby Jr, and a new drawing was made for Darwin's description (Fossil Cirripedia (1851): 81). (Darwin Correspondence Project). - Published by the Darwin Correspondence Project, University of Cambridge, as Letter no. DCP-LETT-1267. - Slight damage to paper (no loss to text) and in some parts professionally restored.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat INLIBRIS Gilhofer Nfg. GmbH]
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        ALBUM PINTORESCO, DE LA REPUBLICA MEXICANA.

      Mexico: Julio Michaud y Thomas, [ca. 1850]. - Lithograph title-leaf and forty-five lithographic plates, twelve in full color and thirty-three on tinted grounds. Oblong folio. Later green cloth spine and corners over original printed green boards. Some wear and soiling. Quite clean internally. Images bright and fresh. Very good. The first great Mexican lithographic and color plate book, and a very difficult book to obtain in nice condition. Though the album is undated, it contains battle scenes of the Mexican-American War (1846-47) and depicts the equestrian statue of Carlos IV in the courtyard of the University, from which it was removed in 1852, suggesting a date of circa 1850. The colored plates depict various inhabitants in their local costumes standing amid sweeping terrain and graceful plazas. These include rancheros, tortilleras, and local Indians, among others. The tinted views show Vera Cruz, Mexico City, Independence Fountain, National Theatre, Chihuahua, Bay of Acapulco, and numerous other locales. The final six plates show scenes from the Mexican-American War, depicting the "heroica defensa" put up by the Mexican Army. The number of plates varies from thirty-nine to forty- nine, and the work seems to have been issued on an on- demand basis. The Mellon copy at Yale has thirty-nine plates, and in their cataloguing Yale refers to the book as the "first major color plate book produced in Mexico." The Bancroft Library holds a copy with forty- nine plates. The copies at the University of Texas and the University of Missouri have forty-five plates, as in the present copy. The only other copy we locate on OCLC is one at the National Library of Art in Britain. The DeGolyer copy at Southern Methodist University is not present in OCLC, but their copy also has forty-five plates, as do two copies we know of in private collections. The six Mexican-American War views are at the end of the book, suggesting they were added to the original assemblage of thirty- nine plates. The best study of this work is the Condumex reprint edited by W. Michael Mathes in 2000. The publisher, Julio Michaud, was a native of France who moved to Mexico and worked there as a publisher and bookseller from the 1830s to the 1860s. His partner was also a transplanted Frenchman, Jean Baptiste Thomas. Michaud later dealt in photographic material and was himself a photographer. A rare and beautiful work. MATHES, MEXICO ON STONE 56. PALAU 5417.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        Teilansicht, "Mayen. Vue générale des mines de Silbersand".

      - Farblitho. v. Maugendre b. August de Bry in Paris, um 1850, 24 x 37,5

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Nikolaus Struck]
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        Souvenirvedute in Rosenform ('Rose von München').

      - Stahlstich b. Carl Adler in Hamburg, um 1850, 26,5 (Durchmesser) Stula S. 143. - Souvenir-Rose von München mit 28 Ansichten. - Die beiden Deckblätter in Farblithographie. - Die Ansichten zeigen Kunst u. Industrie Ausstellungs Gebäude, Wittelsbacher Palast, Neue Königsbau, Postgebäude, Bahnhof, Feldherrnhalle, München, Siegestor, Universitätsgebäude, Neue Pinakothek, weibliches Erziehungsinstitut, Propylaen, Pinakothek, Pfarrkirche in der Vorstadt Au, Kgl. Residenz, Allerheiligen Hofkapelle, Neues Rathaus, Nationalmuseum, Regierungsgebäude, Maximilianäum, Ruhmeshalle, Bibliothek, Kgl. Hof- u. Nationaltheater, Basilika, Polytechnikum, Stadt Pfarrkirche zur Hl. Frau, Glypothek u. Ludwigskirche. - Mit original Umschlag. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Norbert Haas]
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        Portrait

      Hemerlein: Portrait (rund um 1850)Hemerlein, Carl Johann Nepomuk (1807 in Mainz - 1884 in Wien)War Metternichs Archivar und Bibliotheksvorstand. Schüler von Laroche in paris 1837 Bekanntschaft mit Metternich in Wien, bei dem er dann 4 Jahre wohnte und von dem er zu Studienzwecken nach Rom geschickt wurde. Malte vorwiegend Altarbilder (z.B. "Himmelfahrt des hl. Johann Nepomuk" in der Wiener Piaristenkirche), Ansichten der Rheinstädte, Portraits, etcÖl auf Leinwand, 3 ganz kleine Löcher, im unteren linken Eck eine kleine abgeschabte Stelle, signiertHolzrahmen, mit verblasster Lackierung, abgerieben, abgesplittert, fleckig, Biographie auf der Rückseite angeheftet.Bild 48x61 cm, Rahmen 57x70 cm

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Liber Antiqua]
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        California Oregon Washington Utah New Mexico 1850 Cowperthwait Mitchell map.

      1850 - A New Map of the State of California, the Territories of Oregon, Washington, Utah & New Mexico Issued Philadelphia, 1850-3 by Thomas Cowperthwait & Co. for S. A. Mitchell. Lovely antique engraved and lithographed map with original hand color. A decorative border surrounds the map. Outstanding territorial depiction of the American West at a transtional moment in the earliest development and settlement era. Numerous early exploration routes, military trails and early wagon roads named and shown, including those of Lewis & Clark, Lt. Col. Cooke, Fremont, Kearney, etc. Early forts, Presbyterian missions, boundary of 1819. etc. In southern New Mexico the diff. lines of Bartlett & Graham are shown. A map which went through numerous states, each capturing the quickly evolving county and boundary shifts. It was issued prior to the Gadsden Treaty purchase at the end of 1853. A lovely, clean example, with only minor signs of age, left blank margin narrow with tiny stitch holes from binding. Well-preserved and pleasing map, fresh looking, nice age patina. Sheet measures c. 13 1/2" x 17"Engraved area measures c. 12" x 15"Folio. Wheat, Mapping Trans-Mississippi West, 684 (first state). Tooley's Dictionary of Mapmakers, Vol. 1, pg. 309. [R12089]

      [Bookseller: RareMapsandBooks]
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        PORTO DI CADICE.

      - Gouache de 75cm. X 48 cm. Charmante gouache très bien conservée représentant le port de Cadiz vers 1850.

      [Bookseller: Librería Comellas]
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        The Gardeners' Magazine of Botany,

      -51 1850 - 3 volumes, 4to, January 1850-December 1851, 100 hand-coloured lithographs, 11 plain, additional pictorial title to vol. 1, very occasional light spotting, tape repair to half title of vol. 3, replaced endpapers, contemporary half calf, rubbed, rebacked preserving original backstrip, a very good set. A complete set of this fine work, in a fine example of the first edition. In 1848 Moore was appointed curator of the Society of Apothecaries' botanic garden in Chelsea (the Chelsea Physic Garden). He remained at Chelsea for the rest of his life. Moore spent much of his time on horticultural journalism. Apart from the present work he published the Garden Companion and Florists' Guide in 1852, the Floral Magazine in 1860–61, the Gardeners' Chronicle from 1866 to 1882 (with Lindley), the Florist and Pomologist from 1868 to 1874, and the Orchid Album from 1881 to 1887. [Attributes: First Edition; Soft Cover]

      [Bookseller: Shapero Rare Books]
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        The Constitutional History of England. Sixth edition. In two volumes. London

      Murray 1850 - Sixth edition. 2 vols. 8vo, xv, [i], 719, [1]; viii, 624pp, contemporary tan calf, gilt spines [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Far Eastern Booksellers / Kyokuto Shoten]
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        On the chemical action of the rays of the solar spectrum on preparations of silver and other substances, both metallic and non-metallic, and on some photographic processes. [With:] On the action of the rays of the solar spectrum on vegetable colours, and on some new photographic processes. [With:] On certain improvements on photographic processes described in a former communication, and on the parathermic rays of the solar spectrum. Offprints from the Philosophical Transactions for 1840, 1842 & 1843, the first two with authorial annotations. Bound with 66 other offprints, extracts and separate publications by Herschel, many with authorial annotations, on astronomy, mathematics, physics, photography and other subjects, assembled by him and inscribed to his eldest son William James Herschel.

      [1813-1850]. An extraordinary collection of works by Sir John Herschel (1792-1871), the outstanding astronomer and physical scientist of his day, assembled for presentation to his son William James Herschel (not to be confused with John's father, the astronomer Frederick William). The collection includes offprints of Herschel's three most important publications on photography, the first two of which have corrections and annotations in his hand. These offprints are of extreme rarity - ABPC/RBH list no other copy of any of them in the past 75 years. Herschel's intensive investigations in photography and photochemistry during the late 1830s and early 1840s led to enormous advances: he coined the terms 'positive' and 'negative,' invented new photographic processes and improved existing ones, and experimented with colour reproduction. Among the mathematical works are several on the 'calculus of operators', as well as Herschel's corrected galley proofs of a very important article on the theory of probability which was read by James Clerk Maxwell and led him to introduce probabilistic methods into the theory of gases, and thereby lay the foundations of statistical physics. There is also an offprint of a little studied paper in which Herschel describes a mechanical calculating machine, developed "In the course of a conversation with Mr. Babbage on the subject of applying machinery to the performance of numerical computations". The astronomy papers include an offprint of Herschel's great catalogue of 380 double stars (i.e., binary stars). All of the offprints are rare, with most either not listed on OCLC, or listed in only a handful of copies. "Herschel's university years at St. John's College, Cambridge, were devoted primarily to mathematics. Not only did he carry away the top academic prizes during this time, he was also elected a Fellow of the Royal Society, and co-founded the Analytical Society with Charles Babbage and George Peacock ... Even at this early stage of his career, Herschel's zeal to "leave the world wiser than [he] found it", was already fully formed, and this clearly motivated his approach to photography when that too appeared on his horizon. His brief forays into legal studies and then into an academic career at Cambridge, ended abruptly at the close of 1816 when he settled finally on learning the trade of astronomer as his father's assistant. Herschel's life as a scientist of independent means, at a time when such a profession hardly existed, allowed him the freedom to pursue his personal interests, among them the study of light" (Hannavy, Encyclopedia of Nineteenth-Century Photography, p. 653). Provenance: William James Herschel (inscription in John Herschel's hand on front free endpaper of Vol. III: 'W. J. Herschel // From his affectionate father // JFWH'); Dr. Sydney Ross, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (small red book label on each front paste-down). W. J. Herschel (1833-1917), the eldest son of John Herschel, is credited with being the first European to note the value of fingerprints for identification. Sydney Ross (1915-2013), leading chemist and bibliophile, was a former Professor of Colloid Science at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York, and founder, and until his death, president of the James Clerk Maxwell Foundation. In 2001 he published a 590-page annotated Catalogue of the Herschel Library of William and John Herschel. In the following description of the works in these volumes, the numbers refer to the list of contents below. Photography (43, 44-47, 51, 59) "Photography was announced at the very height of Herschel's career. He had just returned from four years in South Africa, having completed an examination of the skies of the Southern Hemisphere, and had reluctantly been raised to a baronetcy. Herschel learned of the announcement of the Daguerreotype on 22 January [1839], and of Talbot's competing process within the space of a few days. By the 30th, needing no help from either inventor, he had made and fixed his own photographs on paper. Envisioning even the necessary steps to reverse the tones of the original, converting the negative image into a positive. "Herschel did not coin the name 'photography' ... What Herschel did was to endorse this name and encourage its adoption within the scientific community. Herschel employed 'photography' in a paper titled 'Note on the Art of Photography' presented before the Royal Society on 14 March 1839, but he withdrew the paper from publication" (Hannavy, p. 654). "We have found proof that this action was taken out of consideration for Talbot, whose achievement Herschel did not wish to belittle by his own independent discovery ... Herschel briefly referred to the matter in his next communication of 20 February 1840 (no. 43), in which after recapitulation of the contents of the previous paper, necessitated by its withdrawal, he says, 'of course it will be understood that I have no intention here of interfering with Mr. Talbot's just and long antecedent claims'. This second communication, entitled 'On the chemical action of the rays of the solar spectrum on preparations of silver and other substances, both metallic and non-metallic, and on some photographic processes abounds in important statements and observations which had a great bearing on the future of photography. Only the most significant can be enumerated here: Herschel stressed the absolute necessity of perfect achromatism in photographic lenses, which he said was one of their three indispensable qualities, the others being flatness of field and sharpness of focus. He introduced the terms 'negative' and 'positive' into photographic nomenclature. He described a process for obtaining direct positive photographs on paper Having experimented with photographs on glass, he found that when laid on a black background, or smoked at the back, their character could be changed from negative to positive -- a procedure introduced many years later in the ambrotype. He also made positive prints from his glass negatives. Herschel found that bromide of silver was far more light-sensitive than any other silver salt. He indicated the possibility of photography in natural colours at some future date, having obtained in July 1839 a good colour photograph of the spectrum, without, however, succeeding in fixing the colours" (Gernsheim, The History of Photography 1685-1914, p. 97). "Although Herschel's time was increasingly monopolized by the completion of his astronomical catalogues, he continued to follow up his photochemical experiments for the next three years ... Early in 1842, the electro-chemist Alfred Smee sent Herschel a quantity of the bright red compound now called potassium ferricyanide. While testing the sensitivity of this substance under the light of the spectrum, Herschel noted that it acted with much the same sensitivity as guaiacum, and when thrown into water, it became a deep Prussian blue. Smee suggested two further compounds, Ammonio Citrate and Ammonio Tartrate of Iron, and by June of 1842, Herschel had developed both the Chrysotype, named for its use of gold "to bring about the dormant picture", and the Cyanotype, his most practical and enduring process (no. 44). "Herschel's 16 June 1842 paper presented his experiments not as independent inventions of processes. But as a series of observations on the basic principles of photographic chemical action. Although he describes his many experiments, both organic and metallic, he refrains from naming them or presenting wholly functional working processes. It would only be in November of 1842 that he would systematically describe the working details of his processes (no. 45). "Herschel's experiments on photographic subjects came to a halt in 1843, victims of his astronomical writing and public duties. But his interest in photography never ceased ... In 1845 Herschel published his final contribution to photographic research, an observation of what he called 'epipolic dispersion' (nos. 46 & 47). George Gabriel Stokes would later rename this phenomenon 'fluorescence', the study of which led directly to radiation photography of all types" (Hannavy, p. 655). Astronomy - double stars, nebulae and calculating machines (17, 19-25, 27-42, 48, 52-54, 57, 64, 66) "Though William Herschel is now remembered above all for his general surveys of nebulae and his star-counts, another field which he pioneered, and in which John was to make his mark, was the study of double stars. The appearance of pairs of stars close together was a noticeable feature of William's sweeps, and led him to think that here, perhaps, was a means of determining stellar parallax and thus discovering the distances of the stars. Assuming that all stars were approximately of equal brightness ... William argued that if one of the stars were dimmer than its companion, then it could be assumed to be much further away. The annual parallax of the brighter (and therefore nearer) star - that is, its apparent shift across the sky as the earth orbits the sun - could be detected by observing its varying separation from the more distant one (which would show negligible parallax) ... "Though John Herschel's first published astronomical paper was in 1822 and on a new method of calculating lunar eclipses, his first serious observational work was his measurement of double stars. This he did in cooperation with James South ... it was a fruitful cooperation ... for they were able to record details of no less than 380 double stars. These were catalogued systematically according to their right ascension (the celestial equivalent of terrestrial longitude), and in this represented an advance on the method adopted previously by William Herschel. Moreover, the colour and brightness of the component stars of each system was also given, as well as a comparison of the values for separation and position-angle which they had obtained with those of others. This excellent catalogue was published in the Philosophical Transactions in 1824 [no. 23]. This work also earned them the Lalande Prize of the Académie des Sciences in Paris for 1825, and in the next year, 1826, each received the Gold Medal of the Astronomical Society. "... in 1826 [John] produced three novel results. The first was his design for an 'actinometer' for measuring solar energy ... The second was a monograph on the nebulae in Orion and Andromeda, as well as other observations made with his father's '20-foot' telescope [no. 28]. John's aim in re-examining the Orion nebula was to see whether any changes could be detected. "However, the most important of the three was a paper 'On the parallax of the fixed stars' [no. 20], which was published in the Philosophical Transactions. This contained a description of how the position-angle of a double star could possibly be used for determining annual parallax ... such parallax was sought by his father using a micrometer to determine the change over time in relative separation between the stars. The angle to be determined was so small that it had remained undetected. What John Herschel now pointed out was that the orbital shift in space of the Earth would also give rise to a change in apparent position-angle ... he gave annual parallaxes for some seventy stars; these ranged from 0.013 to 0.136 arc seconds which, if they did no more, at least indicated the extremely tiny angles that were involved [and hence the great distances of the stars] ... "John's preoccupation with double stars between 1825 and 1833 led him to develop a method for determining the orbits of those doubles which were in orbit around each other [no. 25]. It was an entirely graphical method based on Kepler's laws of elliptical orbits. At this time it was significant work, for it applied physical considerations of gravity and techniques of computation out in the depths of space. For it he was awarded the Royal Medal of the Royal Society in 1833. When South moved to France, John had returned to Slough and his other work there included an examination of nebulae and star-clusters, resulting in the issue in 1833 of a list of 2307 objects [nos. 32 & 34]. This increased his father's work by 525 new items, most of them very faint, and John's catalogue gave their positions correct to 15 arc minutes in both right ascension and declination" (Ronan, pp. 43-7 in John Herschel 1792-1871: A Bicentennial Commemoration, 1992). The computations involved in his determination of the elliptic orbits of binary stars led him to devise a mechanical calculating machine for solving the equations, involving trigonometric functions, which arose (no. 26). The paper resulted from a conversation with Babbage, who was at the time building his Difference Engine. "Between 1834 and 1838 John Herschel and his family were in South Africa, John observing the southern skies as well as indulging in other of his scientific interests. In 1840, soon after his return, he caused some stir in astronomical circles by announcing that the very bright star Betelgeuse (α Orionis) underwent variations in brightness [no. 41]; it was in fact a long-period variable. Unfortunately he did not follow this significant observation by an onslaught on the subject of stellar variability which, in his paper, he referred to as "a highly interesting branch of Physical Astronomy" ... "Innovative as ever, in 1841 he initiated a proposal for reform of the constellations [no. 42]. His concern was their ill-defined boundaries, and what he proposed, after discussions with his friends Francis Baily and William Whewell, was that these should be defined by quadrangles themselves specified by parallels to the celestial equator lying between agreed declinations. However, continental astronomers would not agree, and as international agreement was essential, John withdrew his scheme" (Ronan, p. 47). Mathematics - the calculus of operators, theory of probability (1-7, 49, 56, 69) Items 1-7 are concerned with Herschel's work on the 'calculus of operators' and the 'calculus of functions', beginning with a contribution to the Memoirs of the Analytical Society. "A group of undergraduates, among whom were most notably George Peacock (1791-1858), Charles Babbage (1791-1871) and John Herschel (1792-1871), founded in 1812 the 'Analytical Society'. Its objective was to propagate the heresy of 'pure d-ism against the Dot-age of the University' [the former representing the Leibnizian approach to the calculus favoured on the Continent, the latter Newtonian fluxions still in use in Britain]. A project was set up to translate the second edition of Lacroix's short treatise on the calculus (1802): the aim of the Analytical Society's members was clearly that of changing the kind of education provided at Cambridge. However, the Analytical Society collapsed around 1814, having produced only a volume of Memoirs ... Lacroix's treatise was intended for the students at Cambridge, as were the volumes of exercises on differential and integral calculus, functional equations and finite differences ... After the collapse of the Analytical Society these works were published through the efforts of Babbage, Herschel and Peacock. After 1820 only Peacock remained at Cambridge ... Herschel continued his father's work on astronomy; Babbage was engaged in work on his difference and analytical engines ... "Babbage, Herschel and Peacock were of great importance for the early nineteenth-century British calculus ... [The] most important contribution from the Analytical Society's members was that they initiated a trend of research which characterized much of British mathematics up to Cayley and Boole. The Memoirs of the Analytical Society were centred on the calculus of operators and on functional equations. "The calculus of operators dealt with the algebraical properties of the symbols of derivative and integral, and the related symbols of finite difference and summation. From this study it was possible to develop symbolic methods of integration of differential and difference equations ... the application of the calculus of operators to the theory of integration originated mainly from Lagrange ... Nevertheless, on the continent the Lagrangian school never played a prominent role. In Great Britain, on the contrary, the introduction of operational methods ... launched a programme of research which continued up until the 1840s. "In addition, use of the calculus of functions started in Great Britain with the Analytical Society's members, especially Babbage. The problem of recognizing the form of the arbitrary functions which occur in the integration of partial differential equations was the motivation for developing a theory of functional equations ... The importance given to this theory is demonstrated by the inclusion in the Encyclopaedia Metropolitana of a lengthy essay on 'functional equations' by the young Augustus De Morgan (1836) ... "The researches of the British Lagrangian school on the calculus of operators and the calculus of functions were the origin of important contributions to algebra and logic, such as Peacock's 'pure algebra', and De Morgan's and Boole's algebras of logic. But the predominance of the algebraical approach to the calculus had its own drawback: it did not allow many British mathematicians influenced by the Analytical Society to appreciate the importance of Cauchy's rigorization of the calculus, which was motivated by the desire to avoid the 'generalities of algebra'" (Guicciardini, The Development of Newtonian Calculus in Britain 1700-1800, pp. 135-8). Koppelman ('The calculus of operations and the rise of abstract algebra,' Archive for the History of Exact Sciences, Vol. 8 (1971), p. 156) has argued that the reason that the most important contributions of British mathematicians in the first half of the nineteenth century were to abstract algebra "was a direct response of the English to a specific aspect of the work of Continental analysts which became accessible to them. The subject came to be called, by the English, the calculus of operations." Item 69, although 'merely' a review of a work by Adolphe Quetelet, is actually an important contribution to the theory of errors which had a crucial influence on James Clerk Maxwell. These are, in fact, Herschel's corrected galley proofs, with copious manuscript annotations by Herschel. "The work of greatest influence on Maxwell's development of gas theory may well be a review in the July 1850 Edinburgh Review of the magnificently titled collection of essays by Adolphe Quetelet, Letters Addressed to H.R.H. the Grand Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha on the Theory of Probabilities as Applied to the Moral and Political Sciences. The author of the review was Sir John Herschel. It ranged over many statistical questions, social and otherwise; a contemporary letter from Maxwell to his friend and future biographer, Lewis Campbell, strongly suggested that he had read it. The letter was undated and Campbell from memory put it as "June ? 1850." But there can be little doubt that it was written just after the publication of Herschel's review in July 1850. Maxwell discoursed on probability theory with remarks such as the following: "[T]he true Logic for this world is the Calculus of Probabilities..." Whether, indeed, Maxwell read the review in 1850, it was reprinted in Herschel's Essays in 1857, and we know that Maxwell read and admired these essays" (Garber, Brush & Everitt (eds.), Maxwell on Molecules and Gases, p. 9). "More than two decades ago Charles Gillispie pointed out the similitude of the approaches to probability to be found in this review and in Maxwell's paper ['Illustrations of the dynamical theory of gases,' 1860], and Stephen Brush subsequently recognized that the formal derivation of the error law given by Maxwell was in every important respect identical to the one introduced by Herschel in this essay" (Porter, The Rise of Statistical Thinking 1820-1900, p. 118). Physics - electricity, magnetism and optics (8-16, 18, 58, 63) "Like many active scientists in the early 19th century, Herschel was intent on discovering what light really was, and whether it moves in waves or in particles. Although no one in his generation, or indeed in the following generation, would formulate an answer to this question, Herschel believed that light travels in waves, that is, he believed in undulatory theory and not particle theory. He also believed, and would use photography to prove, that the visible part of the spectrum was a small portion of the actual spectrum. In 1819 Herschel began an exhaustive study of the nature of polarized light (nos. 9-12) ... "The late 1820s were a busy time for Herschel, who was rapidly attaining a level of fame that would surpass his father's. In 1827 he wrote his essay on Light (no. 13) for the Encyclopaedia Metropolitana. The essay ... quickly attained the status of a classic and set out many of the principles on which he would conduct his photographic investigations" (Hannavy, p. 654). No. 8 is an important practical paper on the construction of telescope lenses, Herschel's "His aim was a genuinely useful result, since previous attempts to derive conditions for an aplanatic achromatic doublet[i.e., one free of chromatic and spherical aberration] had yielded formulae too complex to be handled by a practical optician and had used data irrelevant to his methods and materials. Herschel's analysis concluded with a set of tables, "set down for the convenience of those who may be inclined to make a trial of this construction," of radii of curvature and focal lengths of the lenses of a compound object glass - an achromatic doublet that would be free from spherical aberration, both for celestial objects and for terrestrial objects situated on the axis of the telescope. The values could easily be adjusted for any focal length" (Bennet, 'The first aplanatic object glass,' Journal for the History of Astronomy 13 (1982), p. 206). No. 18 is the most interesting paper on electromagnetism in the collection, and also one of only two collaborative papers. "[François] Arago reported in 1824 an impressive new phenomenon which invited explanation. He arranged a disc made of copper - a non-magnetic - so that it could rotate in a horizontal plane, and above it he positioned a freely suspended magnet. When the disc was rotated, the magnet was first caused to move from its initial position, and it was subsequently dragged round by the disc. However, this force was not apparent when the disc was stationary. A year later Charles Babbage and John Herschel presented a paper to the Royal Society [no. 18] in which they varied the arrangement, for example, by rotating the copper disc between the poles of a powerful horseshoe magnet. They also determined the magnetic 'susceptibility' - their term to describe the observed effect - of different substances. Another important observation was that the magnetic effect produced by the disc was largely destroyed when it was punctured by radial slits. The observed phenomena were explained on the assumption that the interaction between, say, the rotating disc and the sympathetically moving magnet, was due to induction and, moreover, the particles comprising the magnet were affected by an inductive process. The other important point to notice about this paper is the authors' insistence that the inductive process does not occur instantaneously but that 'time enters as an essential element'" (Cantor, Michael Faraday, pp. 234-5). But the authors fell short of realizing that a totally new phenomenon need be postulated: the induction of eddy currents, and the discovery of electromagnetic induction had to wait another six years. Varia (50, 55, 60, 61, 62, 65, 67, 68) "In 1847, [Herschel] was asked by the First Lord of the Admiralty, Lord Auckland, to act as editor for a proposed "Manual of Scientific Inquiry" and to contribute an article on meteorology to it. The manual was intended to be a textbook for cadets at the Royal Naval College, Greenwich, and was to provide basic information on the scientific subjects that concerned naval officers. Articles on various aspects of astronomy, physics, and mathematics were contributed by Airy, Whewell, the geologist Adam Sedgewick, Sabine and Beaufort. A Manual of Scientific Enquiry was published in 1849. Herschel's article on "Meteorology" (no. 60) was reprinted in the eighth edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica and later published as a separate volume. A shortened and popularized version of it, entitled "On Weather and Weather Prophets," was included in Herschel's Familiar Lectures on Scientific Subjects" (Buttmann, The Shadow of the Telescope (1974), pp. 166-7). "His few hours of leisure Herschel devoted primarily to poetry - his own and translations. In 1842 he wrote a verse translation of Friedrich von Schiller's "The Walk," a poem he particularly liked because its evocations of nature reminded him of his own walks in the delightful countryside around Feldhausen [a farmhouse Herschel rented while he was observing in South Africa], which he often recalled with a certain degree of nostalgia" (ibid., pp. 171-2). CONTENTS Vol. I A memoir on equations of differences and their applications to the determination of functions from given conditions. Separately-paginated offprint from Memoirs of the Analytical Society. Cambridge: J. Smith, 1813. Pp. [ii], [1], 2-31, [1] (only, of 51 pages, lacking the third part 'On functional equations'). On the development of exponential functions; together with several new theorems relating to finite differences. Separately-paginated offprint from Philosophical Transactions, Vol. 106. London: W. Bulmer, 1816. Pp. [ii], [1], 2-21. Consideration of various points of analysis. Separately-paginated offprint from Philosophical Transactions, Vol. 104. London: W. Bulmer, 1814. Pp. [ii], [1], 2-29. Autograph page correction of number 33 to 29. On circulating functions, and on the integration of a class of equations of finite differences into which they enter as coefficients. Separately-paginated offprint from Philosophical Transactions, Vol. 108. London: W. Bulmer, 1818. Pp. [ii], [1], 2-25. Note on an application of the inverse theory of functions to the integral calculus. Offprint from William Spence's Mathematical Essays (edited by Herschel). London: J. Moyes, 1819. Pp. [ii], [1], 152-170. On the reduction of certain classes of functional equations to equations of finite differences. Offprint from Transactions of the Cambridge Philosophical Society. Cambridge: J. Smith, 1820. Pp. [ii], [1], 2-11. [Drop-head title:] Isoperimetrical problems. Offprint (because first page blank) from the Edinburgh Encyclopaedia, Vol. XII. N.p., n.d. [Edinburgh: Blackwood, 1830]. Pp. 320-328. On the aberrations of compound lenses and object-glasses. Offprint from Philosophical Transactions. London: W. Bulmer & W. Nicol, 1821. Pp. [ii], [1], 4-48, with one engraved plate. On the action of crystallized bodies on homogeneous light, and on the causes of the deviation from Newton's scale in the tints which many of them develope on exposure to a polarised ray. Offprint from Philosophical Transactions. London: W. Bulmer & W. Nicol, 1820. Pp. [ii], [1], 2-56, with one engraved plate. On a remarkable peculiarity in the law of the extraordinary refraction of differently-coloured rays exhibited by certain varieties of Apophyllite. Offprint from Transactions of the Cambridge Philosophical Society. Cambridge: J. Smith, 1821. Pp. [ii], [1], 2-7, [1]. On certain remarkable instances of deviation from Newton's scale in the tints developed by crystals with one axis of double refraction on exposure to polarized light. Offprint from Transactions of the Cambridge Philosophical Society, Vol. I. N.p., n.d. [Cambridge: J. Smith, 1822]. Pp. [ii], [1], 2-21. Autograph corrections to pp. 5 & 12. On the rotation impressed by plates of rock crystal on the planes of polarization of the rays of light, as connected with certain peculiarities in its crystallization. Offprint from Transactions of the Cambridge Philosophical Society. Cambridge: J. Smith, 1820. Pp. [ii], [1], 2-10, with one engraved plate. Autograph correction to p. 9. [Drop-head title:] Light. Extract (?) from the Encyclopaedia Metropolitana, Vol. IV. N.p., n.d. [1827]. Pp. [1], 342-586, with 14 engraved plates. Autograph corrections to pp. 341, 410, 414, 420, 428, 434, 439, 452, 456-7, 473, 476, 518, 531, 541, 544, 551, 556-7, 577. [Drop-head title:] Sound. Extract (?) from the Encyclopaedia Metropolitana, Vol. IV. N.p., n.d. [1827]. Pp. [1], 748-824, [2], with 6 engraved plates. On the separation of iron from other metals. Offprint from Philosophical Transactions. London: W. Bulmer & W. Nicol, 1821. Pp. [ii], [1], 4-9. The Bakerian Lecture. On certain motions produced in fluid conductors when transmitting the electric current. Offprint from Philosophical Transactions. London: W. Nicol, 1824. Pp. [ii], [1], 4-57. On the astronomical causes which may influence geological phaenomena. Offprint from Transactions of the Geological Society of London, 1832. London: Richard Taylor, 1832. Pp. [ii], [1], 294-299. [With Charles BABBAGE] Account of the repetition of M. Arago's experiments on the magnetism manifested by various substances during the act of rotation. Separately-paginated offprint from Philosophical Transactions. London: W. Nicol, 1825. Pp. [ii], [1], 2-30. Vol. II Correction of an error in a paper published in the Philosophical Transactions, entitled, "On the parallax of the fixed stars." London: W. Nicol, 1827. Title page only, followed by pp, 25-50 of Herschel's article 'Account of a series of observations for determining the differences of meridians, etc.' Ink stamp of W. J. Herschel on title. On the parallax of the fixed stars. Separately-paginated offprint from Philosophical Transactions. London: W. Nicol, 1826. Pp. [ii], [1], 2-15. Autograph corrections to pp. 9, 11-13, 15. On a new method of computing occultations of the fixed stars. Offprint from Memoirs of the Astronomical Society of London. London: Richard Taylor, 1824. Pp. [ii], [1], 326-328. Subsidiary tables for facilitating the computation of annual tables of the apparent places of forty-six principal fixed stars: &c. &c. Offprint from Memoirs of the Astronomical Society of London. London: Richard Taylor, 1824. Pp. [ii], [1], 422-496. [With James SOUTH] Observations of the apparent distances and positions of 380 double and triple stars, made in the years 1821, 1822, and 1823, and compared with those of other astronomers: together with an account of such changes as appear to have taken place in them since their first discovery. Also a description of a five-feet equatorial instrument employed in the observations. Offprint from Philosophical Transactions. London: W. Nicol, 1824. Pp. [ii], [1], 2-412, [11], with 4 engraved plates (one folding). [Drop-head title:] Micrometrical measures of 364 double stars with a 7-feet equatorial achromatic telescope, taken at Slough, in the years 1828, 1829, and 1830. Extract (?) from Memoirs of the Royal Astronomical Society, 1831. Pp. 13-90, [1]. On the investigation of the orbits of revolving double stars: being a supplement to a paper entitled "Micrometrical measures of 364 double stars," etc. etc. Separately-paginated offprint from Memoirs of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. V, Part I. London: J. Moyes, 1832. Pp. [ii], [1], 4-54, with two folding engraved plates. Description of a machine for resolving by inspection certain important forms of transcendental equations. Separately-paginated offprint from Transactions of the Cambridge Philosophical Society, Vol. IV. Cambridge: J. Smith, 1832. Pp. [ii], [1], 2-16 with one engraved plate. Notices of the elliptic orbits of ξ Boötis and η Coronae; with a second approximation to the orbit of γ Virginis. Offprint from Memoirs of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. VI. London: J. Moyes, 1833. Pp. [ii], 3-11. Account of observations made with a twenty-feet reflecting telescope: Comprehending, 1. Descriptions and approximate places of 321 new double and triple stars. 2. Observations of the second comet of 1825. 3. An account of the actual state of the great nebula in Orion, compared with those of former astronomers. 4. Observations of the nebula in the girdle of Andromeda. Offprint from Memoirs of the Royal Astronomical Society. London: Richard Taylor, 1826. Pp. [ii], [1], 460-497, with three engraved plates. Account of observations made with a twenty-feet reflecting telescope, containing, a second catalogue of 295 new double and triple stars (reduced to the beginning of 1830); together with some observations of double stars previously known. Offprint from Memoirs of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. III. London: Richard Taylor, 1827. Pp. [ii], [1], 48-63. Third series of observations with a twenty-feet reflector, containing, a catalogue of 384 new double stars (reduced to the beginning of 1830); together with some observations of double stars previously known. Offprint from Memoirs of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. III. London: Richard Taylor, 1828. Pp. [ii], [1], 178-213. Fourth series of observations with a twenty-feet reflector; containing the places, description, and measures of 1236 double stars, (reduced to the beginning of 1830.) The greater part of them not previously described. Offprint from Memoirs of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. IV. London: J. Moyes, 1830. Pp. [ii], [1], 332-378. [Drop-head title:] Fifth catalogue of double stars observed at Slough in the years 1830 and 1831 with the 20-feet reflector; containing the places, descriptions, and measured angles of position of 2307 of those objects, of which 1304 have not been found described in any previous collection; the whole reduced to the epoch 1830.0. Extract (?) from Memoirs of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. VI. N.p., n.d. [London: J. Moyes, 1833]. Pp. [1], 2-81. Vol. III [Drop-head title:] Observations of Biele's comet. Extract (?) from Memoirs of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. VI. N.p., n.d. [London: J. Moyes, 1833]. Pp. 99-109. Ink stamp of W. J. Herschel on first page of text. Observations of nebulae and clusters of stars. Made at Slough, with a twenty-feet reflector, between the years 1825 and 1833. Offprint from Philosophical Transactions. London: Richard Taylor, 1833. Pp. [ii], [359]-505, with 8 engraved plates. Autograph corrections to pp. 371, 433, 481. Notices of the elliptic orbits of ξ Boötis and η Coronae; with a second approximation to the orbit of γ Virginis. Offprint from Memoirs of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. VI. London: J. Moyes, 1833. Pp. [ii], 3-11. [Drop-head title:] A second series of micrometrical measures of double stars, chiefly performed with the 7-feet equatorial, at Slough, in the years 1831, 2, and 3. Extract (?) from Memoirs of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. VIII. N.p., n.d. [London: J. Moyes, 1835]. Pp. 37-59. Autograph corrections to p. 47. [Drop-head title:] On the satellites of Uranus. Extract (?) from Memoirs of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. VIII. N.p., n.d. [London: J. Moyes, 1835]. Pp. 24. [Drop-head title:] A list of test objects, principally double stars, arranged in classes, for the trial of telescopes in various respects, as to light, distinctness, &c. Extract (?) from Memoirs of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. X. N.p., n.d. [London: J. Moyes, 1838]. Pp. 25-32. A sixth catalogue of double stars, observed at Slough, in the years 1831 and 1832, with the 20-feet reflector. Offprint from Memoirs of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. IX. London: J. Moyes, 1836. Pp. [ii]. [1], 4-14. Autograph correction to p. 7. [Drop-head title:] Observations of the Comet of Halley, after the perihelion passage in 1836; made at Feldhausen, Cape of Good Hope. Extract (?) from Memoirs of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. X. N.p., n.d. [London: J. Moyes, 1838]. Pp. 325-335. Autograph corrections to p. 326. [Drop-head title:] On the variability and periodical nature of the star α Orionis. Extract (?) from Memoirs of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. XI. N.p., n.d. [London: J. Moyes, 1840]. Pp. 269-278. On the advantages to be attained by a revision and re-arrangement of the constellations, with especial reference to those of the southern hemisphere, and on the principles upon which such re-arrangement ought to be conducted. Offprint from Memoirs of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. XII. London: Moyes & Barclay, 1841. Pp. [ii], [1], 4-26, with one engraved plate. Autograph corrections to pp. 7, 10, 17. On the chemical action of the rays of the solar spectrum on preparations of silver and other substances, both metallic and non-metallic, and on some photographic processes. Offprint from Philosophical Transactions, Part I, for 1840. London: R. & J. E. Taylor, 1840. Pp. [ii], [1], 2-59 with two engraved plates. Autograph corrections to pp. 2, 18, 22, 35-37, 51, 55 and final blank page. On the action of the rays of the solar spectrum on vegetable colours, and on some new photographic processes. Offprint from Philosophical Transactions, Part II, for 1842. London: R. & J. E. Taylor, 1842. Pp. [ii], [181]-214, with one folding engraved plate. Autograph corrections to pp. 183, 196. On certain improvements on photographic processes described in a former communication, and on the parathermic rays of the solar spectrum. Offprint from Philosophical Transactions, Part I, for 1843. London: R. & J. E. Taylor, 1843. Pp. [ii], [1], 2-6. On a case of superficial colour presented by a homogeneous liquid internally colourless. Offprint from Philosophical Transactions, Part I, for 1845. London: R. & J. E. Taylor, 1845. Pp. [ii], [291]-293. On the epip lic dispersion of light, being a supplement to a paper entitled, "On a case of superficial colour presented by a homogeneous liquid internally colourless." Offprint from Philosophical Transactions, Part I, for 1845. London: R. & J. E. Taylor, 1845. Pp. [ii], [295]-301. [Drop-head title:] On the determination of the most probable orbit of a binary star. Extract (?) from Memoirs of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. XVIII. N.p., n.d. [London: G. Barclay, 1850]. pp. 47-68. On the algebraic expression of the number of partitions of which a given number is susceptible. Offprint from Philosophical Transactions, Part II, for 1850. London: R. & J. E. Taylor, 1850. Pp. [ii], [399]-422. [Drop-head title:] Letter from Sir J. Herschel, explanatory of the phenomena exhibited by the freezing cavern. [With:] On some phenomena observed on glaciers, and on the internal temperature of large masses of ice or snow. [Abstracts of papers published in Proceedings of the Geological Society, Vol. III, 1842, pp. 697-699 & 699-702.] Extract from The Athenaeum, No. 753, April 2, 1842. N.p., n.d. [London: James Holmes, 1842]. Pp. 296-7, laid down on blank sheet. Part number and date added in autograph. [Drop-head title:] Contributions to Actino-chemistry. On the Amphitype, a new photographic process. Extract from British Association Report, Part 2, 1844. N.p., n.d. [London: John Murray, 1845]. Two pages (pp. 12-13), laid down on blank sheet. [Drop-head title:] The Comet. Extract from The Times, March 12, 1843. One page, laid down on blank sheet. Part number and date added in autograph and with two autograph corrections. [Drop-head title:] Miss Caroline Lucretia Herschel [Obituary]. Extract from The Athenaeum, No. 1056, January 22, 1848. N.p., n.d. [London: James Holmes, 1848]. One page (p. 84), laid down on blank sheet. Part number and date added in autograph. [Drop-head title:] Lunar rainbow. Extract from The Athenaeum, No. 1099, November 18, 1848. N.p., n.d. [London: James Holmes, 1848]. Two pages (pp. 1149-50), laid down on blank sheet. Date added in autograph. [Drop-head title:] The great explosion at Dover. Extract from The Athenaeum, No. 797, February 4, 1843. N.p., n.d. [London: James Holmes, 1843]. One page (p. 111), laid down on blank sheet. Date added in autograph. [Drop-head title:] A problem in perspective. Extract from The Athenaeum, No. 1100, November 25, 1848. N.p., n.d. [London: James Holmes, 1848]. One page (p. 1179), laid down on blank sheet. Part number and date added in autograph. [Drop-head title:] The planet Neptune. Extract from The Athenaeum, No. 1100, November 25, 1848. N.p., n.d. [London: James Holmes, 1848]. One page (p. 1176), laid down on blank sheet. Part number and date added in autograph. On the absorption of light by coloured media, viewed in connexion with the undulatory theory. Offprint from Philosophical Magazine, Third Series, Vol. 3, No. 18, December, 1833. 8vo, pp. [1], 402-412. Individual leaves framed in larger blank sheets. On the action of the rays of the solar spectrum on the Daguerreotype plate. Offprint from Philosophical Magazine, February, 1843. 8vo, pp. [1], 2-13, with one engraved plate. Individual leaves framed in larger blank sheets. Meteorology. Offprint from The Admiralty Manual of Scientific Enquiry, 1849. N.p., n.d. [London: His Majesty's Stationer, 1849]. 8vo, pp. [3], 4-57, [1]. Individual leaves framed in larger blank sheets. An address to the subscribers to the Windsor and Eton public library and reading room, delivered at the first general meeting of the subscribers, held at the Christopher Inn, Eton, on Tuesday, 29th Jan. 1833. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1833. 8vo, pp. [3], 6-36 (possibly lacking half-title). Individual leaves framed in larger blank sheets. The Walk, translated in the original metre from the German of F. Schiller [by J. F. W. Herschel]. For private circulation. Text in German and English on facing pages. N.p., n.d. [London, 1842]. Pp. [3], 4-23. Individual leaves framed in larger blank sheets. Autograph corrections to pp. 2, 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20, 21, 22. Terrestrial magnetism. Offprint from the Quarterly Review, No. CXXI, June, 1840. 8vo, pp. [3], 4-44. 'From my own collection (B)' in autograph on title. Individual leaves framed in larger blank sheets. Address of the President, Sir J. F. W. Herschel, Bart. On the presentation of the Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society to Professor Bessel, at the Anniversary Meeting, February 12, 1841. For his Observations and researches on the parallax of 61 Cygni. 8vo, pp. [1], 2-10. Individual leaves framed in larger blank sheets. Whewell on the Inductive Sciences. Offprint from the Quarterly Review, No. CXXXV, 1841. 8vo, pp. [2], [1]-62. Extensive autograph notes on pp. 34, 36, 45. Individual leaves framed in larger blank sheets. Memoir of Francis Baily. Offprint from Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. VI, November 1844. London: Moyes & Barclay, 1844. 8vo, pp. [3], 2-48. Individual leaves framed in larger blank sheets. [Drop-head title:] [Report of the Annual General Meeting of the Royal Astronomical Society]. Extract (?) from Memoirs of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. IX. No. 4, February 9, 1849. 8vo, pp. [13]-14. One leaf framed in larger blank sheet. [Drop-head title:] [Review of Kosmos, by Alexander von Humboldt]. Offprint from The Edinburgh Review, January 1848. 8vo, pp. [1], 2-60. 'Kosmos' in autograph at top of first page, with autograph correction to p. 23. [Drop-head title:] [Review of Lettres a S. A. R. le Duc regnant de Saxe-Coburg et Gotha sur la Théorie des Probabilités appliquée aux Sciences Morales et Politiques by Adolphe Quetelet, and of its English translation by Olinthus Gregory.] Corrected page proofs for publication in The Edinburgh Review, No. CLXXXV, July 1850. 8vo, pp. [1], 2-57. With extensive autograph corrections and additions on almost every page, these all being incorporated into the final published version. Individual leaves framed in larger blank sheets. Three volumes, thick 4to (278 x 216). Contemporary dark green half-morocco, spines decorated in gilt and with two red lettering-pieces, covers ruled in gilt (slightly rubbed). A hole (4cm x 1.8cm) has been cut into the inner margin of pp. 1-402 of no. 23 (not affecting text or the title page). An inserted autograph note (probably in W. J. Herschel's hand) indicates that seven diamonds were at one time secreted in this hole, and that they were lost, and then found, in the autumn of 1898 (sadly, the diamonds are no longer present). The inserted note reads: "The "7" Diamonds taken out to go to New Lodge, 24 September Saturday 1898 - and replaced 8 October 1898. I put this note in their place when taking them out to go to New Lodge - & recollect nothing more of what I did with them till on Monday morning as I woke - I found I did not know. Concluded after careful thought that I must have put them in my fob, and have taken them out unwittingly with a £5 note at the Railway ticket office - spent £44 on advert - & an agent - & on 8 Oct. they were restored to me 'found on platform'.".

      [Bookseller: SOPHIA RARE BOOKS]
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        Storia della rivoluzione romana per Biagio Miraglia da Strongoli esule calabrese. Seconda edizione

      Stabilimento Ponthenier, 1850. In 8, cm 18,5 x 26, pp. VIII + 310 + (2) con 20 tavole fuori testo in litografia con acquerellatura e rialzi 'a' la gomme'. Mezza pelle coeva con fregi oro al dorso. Qualche segno d'uso. Seconda edizione dello stesso anno della prima. Edizione poco comune di questo illustrato risorgimentale pubblicato poco dopo i tragici avvenimenti ai quali partecipo' l'autore sia come giornalista (Il positivo) che con le armi. L'opera parte dalla elezione di Pio IX fino alla resistenza messa in atto dalla Repubblica Romana contro '...i quattro eserciti congiurati..'. Tipiche dell'editoria popolare del momento sono le tavole, di queste alcune raffigurano i personaggi principali legati ai fatti, da Garibaldi a Armellini, Avezzana, Bassi, Mazzini ecc. mentre altre illustrano fatti d'arme come: l'assalto al Quirinale, la battaglia di Velletri, la scacciata dei francesi dagli acquedotti, l'attacco al Casino dei quattro venti, la battaglia di Palestrina ecc. ITA

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Coenobium]
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        Illustrirte Skizzen. Album mit 23 Karikaturen in verschiedenen Techniken (Aquarell, Blei, Tusche) sowie 27 handschriftlich beschriebene, zwischen die Illustrationen gebundene Blätter und 8 Scherenschnitte. Mit 2 Beigaben.

      Bremen, datiert 1850-1860.. Kl.-Oktav. Zeitgenössisches Halbleder mit marmorierten Bezügen. Die Beigaben abweichend aber sehr dekorativ gebunden. Reizend illustrierter Sammelband in der Art eines Liber amicorum mit gekonnten Biedermeier-Karikaturzeichnungen, diese jeweils mit satirischen handschriftlichen Beschreibungen auf dem gegenüberliegenden Blatt: eine Karikatur zum schwedischen König Gustav Adolph, auf das Wundarzt-Gewerbe („die Wundschau"), ein Doppelbild einer jungen Hübschen und einer Gealterten („Sonst - Jetzt"), 4 Scenen im Platzregen (Wasserballet mit Regenschirmen), der 5 syphillitische Damen als Besucherinnen des Truner-Balles, eine Ansicht von Hönisch bei Verden etc. Darüberhinaus enthalten sind einige gekonnte, sehr fein ausgeführte Scherenschnitte: „Industriellenklage" („Aah, schon seit 14 Tagen keinen Crawall mehr"), „Narren blasen auf" etc.. - Dabei: Pfeiffer: Poetische Skizzen. 2 Halblederbände der Zeit, durchgehend handschriftlich beschrieben mit Zitaten aus verschiedenen Büchern und Zeitschriften der Zeit: „Was man in langer weiter Strecke / Geschrieben aus einander fand / Das kömmt nun unter einer Decke / Manch guten Leser in die Hand". Insgesamt schönes und dekoratives Ensemble.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Stefan Wulf]
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        Teufelselixir oder das Ganze der geheimen Magie. Oder Der kleine Hexenmeister und Memotech[n]ik [!] (Gedächtnislehre). Karten- Physikalische- Chemische Kunststück.

      Germany, ca 1850s. - 4to (190 x 232 mm). German manuscript, brown ink on paper. 2 parts in one volume: Title, 25 pp. Title, 26 pp., with an incomplete table of contents on the inside of the lower cover. With numerous pen-and-ink sketches and tables, some lightly coloured in red. Contemporary pink half cloth over marbled boards with handwritten label (as quoted) to upper cover. Highly interesting manuscript collection of magic tricks, divided into two parts: card tricks ("Der Kartenkünstler oder 50 leichte Kartenkunststücke") and physical, chemical, sleight-of-hand, and mnemonics tricks ("Physikalische-, Chemische- und Geschwindigkeits-Kunstücke [!] und Memotechnik [!]"). In spite of the title, the first part contains only 31 tricks, with a final number "32" showing that more were to follow before this collection was abandoned. The second part contains 37 effects, including such tricks as "Bosco's famous ball game", "The dead crab", "How to spirit a dollar through the surface of a table", "How to make a coin invisible in one's palm", "The magical Quodlibet", several rope and knot tricks, as well as a joke item such as "How to eat three pieces of sugar and then spirit them under a hat" (namely by putting the hat on one's head). - Binding somewhat rubbed. Occasional slight brownstaining; the final few pages are supplied in a different handwriting. Numerous illustrations explain the knots and loops described. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat INLIBRIS Gilhofer Nfg. GmbH]
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        Raphael.

      Artist: Kammerer/Raphael Sancio da Urbino Thomas; issued in: Munich; date: ca 1850 - - technic: Lithography; - colorit: colored; - condition: minor stains; - size (in cm): 32 x 21; - description: Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino(1483 ? 1520),known as Raphael, was an Italian painter and architect of the High Renaissance. His work is admired for its clarity of form, ease of composition, and visual achievement of the Neoplatonic ideal of human grandeur. Together with Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci, he forms the traditional trinity of great masters of that period.;Raphael was enormously productive, running an unusually large workshop and, despite his death at 37, leaving a large body of work. Many of his works are found in the Vatican Palace, where the frescoed Raphael Rooms were the central, and the largest, work of his career. The best known work is The School of Athens in the Vatican Stanza della Segnatura. After his early years in Rome much of his work was executed by his workshop from his drawings, with considerable loss of quality. He was extremely influential in his lifetime, though outside Rome his work was mostly known from his collaborative printmaking. After his death, the influence of his great rival Michelangelo was more widespread until the 18th and 19th centuries, when Raphael's more serene and harmonious qualities were again regarded as the highest models. His career falls naturally into three phases and three styles, first described by Giorgio Vasari: his early years in Umbria, then a period of about four years (1504?1508) absorbing the artistic traditions of Florence, followed by his last hectic and triumphant twelve years in Rome, working for two Popes and their close associates.

      [Bookseller: Antique Sommer& Sapunaru KG]
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        Sarcophage de Scipion

      [Paris 1850 - Pencil, pen and wash drawing, with numerous, detailed measurements. A fascinating and beautiful drawing--or "rendu"--of an ancient Roman sarcophagus. A fine drawing from an architectural student at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris, the most influential architectural school in existence during much of the 18th century, the whole of the 19th century and the first part of the 20th century. 'Students were eligible for the Ecole if they were at least fifteen years old, or under thirty. They began with the seconde classe , in which they competed in the concours d'émulation . These alternated between an esquisse --a rough sketch for which up to twelve hours was allowed--and a rendu --the large-scale finished drawing for which one to three months were allowed.Two to four years were usually required for a student to accumulate enough credits to enter the première classe . The same system was followed again, usually for two to three years, after which the student should have accumulated enough credits to compete for the Grand Prix de Rome. The winner of the Grand Prix was entitled to five years study under the auspices of the French Academy in Rome. For each of his first three years he was required to submit an analytical study of an ancient monument. For his fourth year he had to submit a complete reconstruction of a major classical work. For his fifth year he was required to submit an original work designed to a program of his own invention. "This study of the sarcophagus of Lucius Cornelius Scipio Barbatus was part of an Ecole de Beaux Arts student's portfolio. The sarcophagus was one of many in the Scipio family tomb on the Via Appia just outside of Roma, and it dates from c. 290 B.C. The obituary text reads, English, "Lucius Cornelius Scipio Barbatus, son of Gnaeus, a valiant gentleman and wise, whose fine form matched his bravery very well, was aedile, consul and censor among you, he conquered Taurasia and Cisauna, in fact, Samnium, he overcame all the Lucanian lands and brought back hostages." Arthur Drexler, The Architecture of the Ecole des Beaux-Arts . New York, MoMA, 1977.

      [Bookseller: Donald A. Heald Rare Books (ABAA)]
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        Banded Pigeon

      1850-83 1850 - An original lithograph with later hand-colour for Gould'sBirds of Asia, 1850-83 Vol VI Richter after Gould Banded Pigeon An original lithograph with later hand-colour for Gould's 'Birds of Asia', 1850-83 530 x 360 mm approx £450

      [Bookseller: Henry Sotheran Ltd]
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        Die Geheimnisse des Volkes oder Geschichte einer Proletarierfamilie im Laufe von Jahrhunderten

      Leipzig, Otto Wigand, 1850-1851. - Die Geheimnisse des Volkes oder Geschichte einer Proletarierfamilie im Laufe von Jahrhunderten von Eugen Sue, 1.-13 Band komplett in 4 Bänden, hrsg. Otto Wigand, Leipzig, 1850 (EA), OHlwd m. Blind- u. Goldprägung, marm. Schnitt, 8°, 98,97,115,119S; 111,189,91S; 131,118,136 S; 126,120,167 S, gebräunt u. tlw. stockfl., Bd. 1 Buchblock vorne befestigt, bzw. hinten gekl., leicht best. sonst guter Zustand. rare Erstausgabe! Sprache: Deutsch Gewicht in Gramm: 1590 [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Alte Bücherwelt]
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        Edle Krone (Klingenberg). - "Edle Krone Fundgrube bei Höckenorf".

      - Historische Ortsansicht. Kolorierte Lithographie, um 1850. 27,0 x 37,0 cm (Darstellung) / 31,0 x 41,0 cm (Blatt). Unterhalb der Darstellung betitelt und signiert "Edle Krone Fundgrube bei Höckendorf, Nach d. Nat. gez. u. lith. v. J. E. Assmann". - Romantische Ansicht des heutigen Huthauses im sächsischen Klingenberg nebst Tharandter Wald. Mit dem Verlauf der Wilden Weißeritz und kleinen Bürgerstaffagen. Der Ortsname geht auf den Bergau des 16. Jahrhunderts mit der Grube "Edle Crone" zurück. Guter Druck versehen mit einem sorgfältigem Kolorit. - Schmalrandig. Etwas fleckig. Insgesamt in gutem Erhaltungszustand. Sprache: Deutsch [Attributes: Signed Copy]

      [Bookseller: Graphikantiquariat Koenitz]
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        A Narrative of the Peninsular War.

      London: John Hearne,, 1850. Fourth edition. Octavo (216 × 132 mm) Contemporary red hard-grained morocco Eton leaving gift binding, title gilt direct to the spine, flat bands, compartments with quatrefoil centre-tools, surrounded by drawer handle and arabesque devices, attractive concentric panelling in gilt and blind to the sides, gilt edges, zig-zag edge-roll in blind, gilt floral roll to the turn-ins, pale cream surface-paper endpapers. Folding map frontispiece and 20 plates, engraved by Lizars after the author's own sketches. A little rubbed, lower corners bumped, slightly stain to the front endpapers, offsetting from the map to the title page, light browning throughout, occasional spotting to the plates, remains a very good copy. First published in Edinburgh in 1831. This copy with Eton leaving inscription dated 1853 to the front free endpaper, "Herbert J. Knatchbull-Hugessen from his sincere friend George Tyrell"; and beneath a later inscription, "Algitha Higgins from Edith M. Howard, Christmas 1912". "Andrew Leith Hay entered the army as an ensign in the 72nd foot on 8 January 1806, went to the Peninsula in 1808 as aide-de-camp to his uncle General Sir James Leith, and served through the war until 1814. He was much employed in gaining intelligence, and was present at many of the actions from Corunna to the storming of San Sebastian … On General Leith's being appointed in 1816 to the governorship of Barbados, his nephew accompanied him, and discharged the duties of military secretary and also those of assistant quartermaster-general and adjutant-general" (ODNB).

      [Bookseller: Peter Harrington]
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        Gesamtansicht ('Berchtesgaden.').

      - Farblithographie v. Leopold Rottmann gedr. v. J.B. Kuhn in München n. Georg Pezolt b. Schoen u. Neumüller in Salzburg, um 1850, 22,5 x 28,5

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Norbert Haas]
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        Luisa Miller Melodramma tragico in 3 atti di S. Cammarano... alla tragica Poetessa cultrice esimia delle Arti Belle Signora Laura Beatrice Mancini nata Oliva L'Editore Giovanni Ricordi D.D.D... Riduzione di E. Muzio... Per Canto F. 38. [Piano-vocal score]

      Milano: Giovanni Ricordi [PNs 22191-22214], 1850. First Edition, second issue. Hopkinson 51 A(b). Chusid p. 106. The only difference between the first and second issues is the fact that the title is coloured in the first issue; Hopkinson locates only two copies of this coloured issue. Luisa Miller, to a libretto by Salvadore Cammarano after Friedrich von Schiller's play Kabale und Liebe, was first performed in Naples at the Teatro S Carlo on December 8, 1849. "For that perceptive early critic of Verdi, Abramo Basevi, Luisa Miller marks the beginning of Verdi's 'second manner', one in which he drew more on Donizetti's example and less on Rossini's, and in which his musical dramaturgy took on a more subtle and varied form. Modern commentators have sometimes endorsed this judgment, signalling the opera as an important step towards Rigoletto. However, while the rustic ambience of the opera undoubtedly called forth from Verdi a new and compelling attention to local colour, it is difficult to see in the formal aspect of Luisa an essential stylistic turning-point, particularly when compared with Macbeth, which had appeared two years earlier. Nevertheless, few would argue about the opera's important position among pre- Rigoletto operas: not so much for its formal experiments as for its control of conventional musical forms, especially the grand duet. And in this respect, the middle-period work Luisa most resembles is not Rigoletto but Il trovatore, whose driving energy within conventional contexts is apparent through much of the earlier opera, in particular in its final act." Roger Parker in Grove Music Online.. Oblong folio. Half contemporary dark blue leather with dark brown textured cloth boards, spine in compartments gilt, titling gilt, yellow endpapers. 1f. (recto title with large illustration by Focosi of the final scene of the opera lithographed by H. Corbetta, verso blank, 1f. (recto table of contents with plate numbers and page numbers, verso named cast list), 5-259, [i] (blank) pp. Each piece with its own imprint, price, plate number, and secondary pagination. Music engraved. Named cast includes Selva, Malvezzi, Salandri, Arati, De Bassini, Gazzaniga, Salvetti, and Rossi. Binding slightly worn and rubbed; corners abraided; slightly shaken; endpapers creased. Scattered light foxing. several corners slightly creased. An attractive copy overall.

      [Bookseller: J & J Lubrano Music Antiquarians LLC]
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        Archive of 38 documents, including letters, manuscript charts, printed documents etc., relating to the Moorsom System of calculating cargo capacity in ships and the British Association for the Advancement of Science's efforts to improve it

      , 1850. 1850. Moorsom System. Archive of 38 documents, including letters, manuscript charts, printed documents etc., relating to the Moorsom System of calculating cargo capacity in ships and the British Association for the Advancement of Science's efforts to improve it. 1850-57. Some dust-soiling, minor tears, one document heavily creased and frayed, but overall very good. Calendar of the collection included. A unique maritime archive recording some of the events surrounding the introduction in 1854 of the Moorsom System for calculating tonnage. Named for its creator George Moorsom (1796-1867), the Moorsom System established a new method of calculating the cargo capacity (tonnage) of British ships as a basis for assessing harbor fees and taxes. Previous methods of calculating tonnage had been intended to determine the carrying capacity of sailing ships, using a formula based on a ship's length and maximum beam (width). Such methods could not be used on the new steam-powered ships, however, since they did not take into account the significant amount of internal space taken up by a steamship's boilers, fuel and machinery.In 1849 the British government appointed a Tonnage Commission to study the problem, with Moorsom, a naval architect, serving as the Commission's secretary. In the Commission's report Moorsom introduced a new unit of tonnage measurement, 100 cubit feet, as well as new rules for calculating a steamship's net tonnage, in which the space given over to machinery and other non-revenue producing functions was subtracted from its overall internal volume. The British government initially chose not to adopt the Commission's report, but Moorsom, refusing to give up on his system, "subsequently took up the matter alone, and by his skill and untiring energy succeeded in establishing the present rule of tonnage, known as 'Moorsom's Rule'" (obituary of Moorsom in Transactions of the Royal Institution of Naval Architects 8 [1867]: xxxi).Moorsom's efforts are represented by two items in this archive: His pamphlet titled A Mode Proposed for Determining the Register Tonnage of Merchant Shipping [1851], and his accompanying presentation letter to Christopher Rice Mansel Talbot (1803-90), an influential Member of Parliament, in which Moorsom gave a detailed critique of a rival tonnage system proposed by Board of Trade president Henry Labouchere (1798-1869): ". . . I have to confess that the late Commission having adopted the principle of Displacement, on External Measurement, as a basis for Tonnage, which you represented to Mr. Labouchere as inapplicable to Merchant Shipping, was a mistake on its part . . . Being, however, subsequently made aware that a ship is generally full before being immersed to her load draught, and could therefore carry more had she more internal space, I became convinced that the profits of the ship being, thereby, in proportion, generally speaking, to the Internal Capacity, that capacity must be the proper basis for assessment. This being admitted, the objections to External Measurement become fully substantiated. . ." The British Government eventually adopted Moorsom's system as part of the Merchant Shipping Act of 1854. The system was not without its problems, however, and in August 1856 the British Association for the Advancement of Science appointed a committee "to inquire into the defects of the present methods, and to frame more perfect rules for the measurement and registrations of ships and of marine engine power, in order that a correct and uniform principle of estimating the actual carrying capabilities and working power of steam ships may be adopted." The bulk of our archive relates to the activities of this committee, which presented its 67-page report to the BAAS in August 1857. Much of the archive consists of correspondence to and from members of the BAAS committee, which was made up of eminent British shipbuilders, engineers, naval architects and naval officers. Represented here are naval architect John Scott Russell (1808-82), who collaborated with I. K. Brunel on building the steamship Great Eastern; engineer William Fairbairn (1789-1874), president of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers and an early builder of iron-hulled ships; Dr. Joseph Woolley (1817-89), a founding member of the Institute of Naval Architects and a pioneer in British naval education; Bennet Woodcroft (1803-79), inventor of fundamental improvements to ship propulsion; and Rear Admiral Constantine Richard Moorsom (1792-1861), chairman of the London & North Western Railway (and apparently no relation to George Moorsom).Also included in the archive are printed and manuscript charts, large printed diagrams of ships with manuscript annotations; committee records including subscription lists; and a copy of the BAAS's Report from the Mersey Inquiry Committee to the Meeting at Cheltenham, 1856 inscribed by George Rennie (1791-1866), whose firm built the engines for the world's first propeller-driven steamship. Some of the letters and documents in this archive were later incorporated into the BAAS's 1857 Report . . . to Inquire into the Defects of the Present Methods of Measuring and Registering the Tonnage of Shipping.

      [Bookseller: Jeremy Norman's Historyofscience.com ]
 33.   Check availability:     ABAA     Link/Print  


        The Scarlet Letter

      Ticknor, Reed and Fields, Boston 1850 - Original brown cloth, stamped in gilt and blind. Faintest wear to two corners, otherwise a fine, truly superior copy, with no wear to the covers, the gilt bright, hinges sound, text block clean and fresh, no restorations. Oct. 1849 catalogue at front, slightly loose. Early ownership stamp (Jno. Hewitt) on title page, pencilled note of "points" on rear endpaper. Chemise and half red morocco slipcase. BAL 7600. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Thomas A. Goldwasser Rare Books (ABAA)]
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        Ceylonese Mosque Swallow

      1850-83 1850 - An original lithograph with later hand-colour for Gould'sBirds of Asia, 1850-83 Vol I Richter after Gould Ceylonese Mosque Swallow An original lithograph with later hand-colour for Gould's 'Birds of Asia', 1850-83 530 x 360 mm approx £370

      [Bookseller: Henry Sotheran Ltd]
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        [Macbeth]. [Era Novella del Bazar musicale settimanale, ovvero, raccolta de' più accreditati spartiti per canto e pianoforte composti dagli illustri maestri italiani, anno primo, secondo spartito completo]. [Piano-vocal score]

      [Napoli]: [Del Monaco] [without PN], 1850. An early complete Neapolitan edition of the first version of the opera. Very scarce. Hopkinson 46A(o) (one copy only, at the Istituto di Studi Verdiani in Parma). OCLC nos. 16841906, 81844208 (two copies, at Wellesley and Stanford). Macbeth, to a libretto by Francesco Maria Piave (with additional material by Andrea Maffei) after William Shakespeare's play, was first performed in Florence at the Teatro della Pergola on March 14, 1847. "There is no doubt that Verdi's frequently voiced perception of the 1847 Macbeth as an especially important work, ennobled by its Shakespearean theme, was one that he successfully converted into dramatic substance. Much of the opera shows an attention to detail and sureness of effect unprecedented in earlier works. This holds true as much for the 'conventional' numbers, such as Lady Macbeth's opening aria or the subsequent duet with Macbeth, as for formal experiments like the Macbeth-Banquo duettino in Act 1. What is more, the new standard set by Macbeth was one that Verdi rarely retreated from in subsequent works." Roger Parker in Grove Music Online.. Oblong folio. Dark brown cloth-backed marbled boards, spine in compartments gilt, titling gilt. 1f. (blank), [1] (blank), 2-176 pp. Each number with its own imprint, price, and secondary pagination. Engraved. With an illustrated title of a scene from the opera by Focosi from the first complete edition published in Milan by Giovanni Ricordi ca. 1847 tipped-in to front free endpaper. Hopkinson 46A(a). Binding worn, rubbed, and bumped. Minor foxing, heavier to several leaves; margins slightly soiled, with occasional small stains; pp. 69-72 detached; title and pp. 35-38 lacking; "72" to spine and illustrated title.

      [Bookseller: J & J Lubrano Music Antiquarians LLC]
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        Malerische Ansichten von Salzburg und Oberösterreich, nach der Natur gezeichnet von Johann Fischbach u. von mehreren Künstlern in Stahl gestochen . in tiefster Ehrfurcht gewidmet von G. Baldi.

      Salzburg, Baldi, o. J. [um ]. 1850 - Quer-2°. Titel + 40 Tafeln + 42 Bll. Textanhang. Blind- und goldgeprägter OLwd. N/W 173: Mit allen 40 Tafeln. - Fachmännisch restauriert - R. ergänzt, stockfleckig, leicht wasserrandig in einer Ecke, leichte Gbrsp., Ebd. etw. fleckig. - Mit den Abbildungen und dem dazugehörigen Text: Salzburg von Mülln, Salzburg vom Mönchsberg, Salzburg vom Kapuzinerberg, Vorstadt Stein in Salzburg, Mozartplatz in Salzburg, Residenzplatz in Salzburg, Der Kirchhof St. Peter in Saltzburg, Die k.k. Sommer-Reitschule in Salzburg, Fürstliches Zimmer auf Hohensalzburg, Ofen in dem Fürstenzimmer auf Hohen Salzburg, Neuthor in Salzburg, Schloß Leopoldscron bei Salzburg, Salzburg vom Kreuzberge bei Aigen, Aigen bei Salzburg, Hellbrunn mit dem Untersberg, Schloß Anif bei Salzburg, Berchtesgaden, Der Königssee bei Berchtesgaden, Salinenstadt Hallein, Der Schwarzbachfall bei Golling, Eng-Paß Lueg, Festung Werfen, Lender Wasserfall, Wildbad Gastein, Der Schleierfall bei Gastein, Der Krimelfall, St. Gilgen am Wolfgangsee, St. Wolfgang, Ischl von Theresien's Hütte, Ischl gesehen von der Seite des Prater, Hallstadt, Waldbach Strub bei Hallstadt, Der vordere Gossau See, Weißenbach am Attersee, Mondsee, Ebensee am Traunsee, Traunkirchen mit dem Spitzelstein, Gmunden vom Kalvarienberge, Der Traunfall, Linz vom Jägermair und Linz von der Strasser-Aue. - Gutes Expl. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Weinek]
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        Ansicht mit der Zisterzienserabtei.

      - altgouachierte Lithographie b. Eduard Heinrich Schroeder in Berlin, um 1850, 15,5 x 22,5

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Norbert Haas]
 38.   Check availability:     ZVAB     Link/Print  


        London, from the Upper Gallery of St. Paul's Cathedral; [together with] London, from the Upper Gallery of the Steeple of St. Bride's Church.

      London: For the Proprietor by E. Gambert, Junin & Co.,, [c.1850]. Steel engravings. Uncoloured. Size: 72.5 x 50 cm (28½ x 19½ inches) each. Presented in handmade silver gilt frames. Framed size: 84 x 65 cm. Very good condition. Apprenticed to an architect in 1819 aged 15, Allom attended the Royal Academy Schools as an architectural student from 1828, and was one of the founder members of the Institute of British Architects in 1834. His obituary in the Art Journal stated that "in his three-fold capacity of architect, artist and draughtsman few men were more widely known in the art world". As a student he supported himself by making drawings for albums of steel-engraved views, and "It is upon about 1500 designs for albums of topographical steel-engravings that his more prominent and lasting reputation rests" (ODNB). The combination of the architect's eye for accuracy and the draughtsman's skill in composition is clearly displayed in this fine pair of prints which combine to provide, from opposed viewpoints, a vertiginously spectacular panorama sweeping across London.

      [Bookseller: Peter Harrington]
 39.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  

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