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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1849

        MARDI: AND A VOYAGE THITHER

      London: Richard Bentley, 1849.. Three volumes. Octavo. Mottled 18th century calf, neatly and sturdily rebacked at a recent date in matching calf, with raised bands, gilt rules, contrasting red and black gilt labels, new endsheets. Boards somewhat worn and darkened at edges, else a very good set, with the half- title in the third volume, but not the second (none called for in the first). The second and third volumes are largely unopened. First edition, preceding the U.S. edition. One of one thousand sets printed. Apart from THE WHALE, Melville's only other three volume novel. In any state, even in an English provincial remboitage such as this, it is uncommon. SADLEIR (EXCURSIONS), p.225. BAL 13657.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Literature ABAA-]
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        Redburn : his first voyage : being the sailor-boy confessions and reminiscences of the son-of-a-gentleman, in the merchant service

      London: Richard Bentley, New Burlington Street, 1849. First Printing. Cloth. Complete in two volumes, the rare first printing of the first edition, one of only 750 copies. iii-viii, 316; iii-viii, 314pp. Original publisher's dark blue cloth, decorated in blind, the spines lettered in gilt, with yellow-coated end papers (BAL's state B, "sequence, if any, not determined," without the advertisements printed at front) and without the half-titles. A highly collectible set, beautifully preserved in a drop-spine box covered with antique pea-green cloth, the spine label printed on Japanese paper. Minor restoration to several tips and the spine ends, involving none of the lettering or design. Pages generally clean and bright, with a stain to the bottom of the end papers, several chips and a few short closed tears to the tops of the preliminaries (no loss of text), and a previous owner's inscription to the title page, all in vol. I. The true first edition, preceding the New York edition by more than a month. BAL 13659. OCLC Number: 3268404. Melville's fourth novel followed his two immensely popular, largely autobiographical narratives, Typee and Omoo, based on his sojourn in Polynesia , and his third, long, satiric, poorly received allegory, Mardi. In the spring of 1849, financially strained, Melville hastily undertook Redburn, which he hoped would burnish again his reputation for tales of maritime adventure, assuring his English publisher that the book would be nothing like Mardi; it would contain, Melville wrote, “no metaphysics, no conic-sections, nothing but cakes & ale." In fact, "Redburn is simple in its conception—the story of a naïve adolescent’s first trip to sea, based upon Melville’s own first voyage . . . from New York to Liverpool in 1839, at the age of 19. . . . making the novel in many respects a conventional bildungsroman . . . [But] Redburn is more complex than it seems . . . [with] multiple narrative voices. . . . [and] overlapping perspectives . . . Additionally, Redburn is not strictly autobiographical. As in many of his novels, Melville supplemented his experience by borrowing from published sources, and the interplay of these sources renders Redburn’s story more complicated than a simple journey from innocence to experience. Though Melville may have begun by writing a light rite-of-passage story, internal textual evidence as well as Melville’s letters suggest he proceeded to expand his manuscript so that it would be published in England as a two-volume edition [a rare copy of which is the set on offer here] . . . . In the early 20th century, scholars believed Redburn was pure autobiography and viewed it principally as a window into the life of the author of Moby-Dick. As they studied the novel more closely and discovered how much of it Melville had invented or synthesized from other sources, scholars found in Redburn a window into Melville’s literary practice and finally a literary creation of interest in its own right." (Literary Encyclopedia)

      [Bookseller: Fine Editions Ltd]
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        REDBURN: HIS FIRST VOYAGE. BEING THE SAILOR BOY CONFESSIONS AND REMINISCENCES OF THE SON OF A GENTLEMAN IN THE MERCHANT SERVICE

      London: Richard Bentley, 1849.. Two volumes. Original publisher's dark blue cloth, decorated in blind, spines lettered in gilt, printed endleaves (BAL's A). 15mm. snag at crown of first spine toward lower joint, with some surface loss, foretips a bit bruised, old faded ink signature in top margin of each title, some occasional mild smudging and a few old spots to first title, otherwise a very good set. The rare first issue of the first edition, being one of 335 sets in the primary binding of Bentley's first printing of 750 copies. The remaining sets of sheets were bound up two volumes in one with cancel title leaves for each volume, with a new date, when Bentley remaindered this title in 1853, along with WHITE-JACKET and THE WHALE, due to continuing poor sales. This London edition preceded the New York edition by over a month, and like all of Melville's multi-volume London publications, is very scarce, particularly when in original cloth. The half-title is present in the second volume, but the first was published without a half-title. BAL 13659. SADLEIR EXCURSIONS, p.226.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Literature ABAA-]
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        Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers, A

      1849. first edition. First Edition, First Printing, of Thoreau’s First BookTHOREAU, Henry D[avid]. A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers. Boston and Cambridge: James Munroe and Company, 1849. First edition, first printing, first issue, of Thoreau’s first book. Twelvemo (7 3/4 x 4 3/4 inches; 197 x 122 mm.). 413, [1, blank], [1, publisher’s advertisements (“Will Soon Be Published, Walden, or Life in the Woods. By Henry D. Thoreau”)], [1, blank] pp.Original brown cloth (BAL binding variant A, Trade Binding) with five-rule border stamped in blind on covers. Spine lettered in gilt with rules and decorative leaf-design stamped in blind. Original buff endpapers. Some wear to spine extremities. Contemporary ink signatures on first preliminary blank. Armorial bookplate of Jacob Chester Chamberlain on front pastedown, with his acquisition slip tipped in between the rear endpapers: From “Chew Col.” (filled in in pencil) Through “Dodd, Mead & Co.” (filled in in pencil) and Date “Dec 27/00” (filled in in pencil) “J.CC.” Sold at the Chamberlain sale of First Editions of Ten American Authors, The Anderson Auction Company, February 16 and 17, 1909. With a note by a later owner inserted discussing its purchase from Seven Gables Bookshop in New York in 1951. Some neat marginal pencil notes and underlining. The three lines of type dropped by the printer on p. 396 are provided in pencil, with Chamberlain’s note concerning this textual point. A spectacular copy, totally untouched. The gilt on the spine is bright and fresh. Chemised in a full dark green straight-grain morocco pull-off case by Bradstreet."A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers was made up largely—probably almost entirely—from Thoreau's Journal from the period of his earliest journalizing in 1837 to the time of the completion of the manuscript, which was probably 1847" (Allen, p. 4).“1,000 sets of sheets printed at the author’s expense. 550 were bound as needed. Published 26 May 1849…A Week did not sell well and on 28 October 1853 the 706 remaining copies (256 bound copies and 450 in sheets) were shipped back to Thoreau to spend the next nine years in his attic bedroom, with Thoreau occasionally selling copies or distributing them to friends. On 12 April 1862 Ticknor and Fields bought the remaining 145 bound copies and the 450 in sheets for 40¢ each. The 450 sets of sheets were bound with a new title page tipped in for a second issue” (Borst).“On the page proofs Thoreau asked the printer to increase the space between two paragraphs at the bottom of page 396. The printer omitted entirely the following three lines: ‘winter before any thought will subside; we are sensible that behind the rustling leaves, and the stacks of grain, the the bare clusters of the grape, there is the field of a’. Thoreau sometimes wrote in the missing lines” (Borst).“Thoreau writes: ‘I have now a library of nearly nine hundred volumes, over seven hundred of which I wrote myself. Is is not well that the author should behold the fruits of his labor?…There was just one piece of good luck in the venture. The unbound were tied up by the printer four years ago in stout wrappers, and inscribed,—H.D. Thoreau's Concord River 50 cops. So Munroe had only to cross out 'River' and write 'Mass.' and deliver them to the expressman at once. I can see now what I write for, the result of my labors…I believe that this result is more inspiring and better for me than if a thousand had bought my wares’" (Allen, pp. 3-4).Allen, p. 1. BAL 20104. Borst A1.1.a1.

      [Bookseller: David Brass Rare Books, Inc.]
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        Portraits of the Female Aristocracy of the Court of Queen Victoria. 2 vols

      London: J. Hogarth, 1849. Hardcover probable Third edition Good After the first edition of 1839 and the second of 1841, enlarged in size and content. Good folio volumes in quarter red leather and red cloth. Edges and corners have some wear, with a small nick at the mid-spine of vol. 1 and a bit more wear at the heel of vol. 1 as well. All plates still have original tissues, though some tissues show a bit of soiling. V. 1 has all 47 portrait plates, while Vol. 2 has 45 of 47 listed. However, after checking against 5 other copies of this set in various libraries, all copies checked were missing the same 2 plates - those of Viscountess Jocelyn and Countess Malmsbury. Each plate should have been accompanied by text. This too was missing from the 2 entries. Our presumption is that the plates were not bound in with the book, else (less likely) there existed a very thorough, focused, and mobile thief in the past. Additionally, some women listed in the table of contents are noted as pointers to other entries, and do not have portraits under those names. A lovely set, with external wear, of the leading artistocratic women of early Victorian England, with the frontispiece being of the Queen herself at a young age. Many examples of Victorian fashion, and some jewelry. There is some variation in paper and style of the engravings, but all are sharp and attractive, like many of the women they portray. 8 copies in the US, 2 more worldwide according to Worldcat.

      [Bookseller: Motte & Bailey, Booksellers]
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        JOURNAL OF THE HARTFORD UNION MINING AND TRADING COMPANY. CONTAINING THE NAME, RESIDENCE AND OCCUPATION OF EACH MEMBER, WITH INCIDENTS OF THE VOYAGE, &c. &c

      [At sea]: Printed by J.L. Hall on board the Henry Lee, 1849.. 88pp., with pp.9-20 provided in facsimile. The gathering containing pp.41- 44 is included twice herein. Small octavo. Gathered signatures. Several text leaves with expert tissue repairs at the extremities, but not affecting any text. Pencil corrections, notes, and emendations in the author's hand. A very good copy. In a cloth chemise and half morocco and cloth slipcase, spine gilt. With the bookplate of Mary Young Moore (nee Mary C. Young) on the pastedown of the chemise. An amazing rarity of Western Americana and the gold rush, printed by Linville Hall on board the Henry Lee as it made the voyage around the Horn and to the California gold fields in the spring and summer of 1849. It is the first sea journal of the '49 California Argonauts to be published, and the first printed narrative of a gold seeker, and recounts the voyage in quite vivid style. This copy appears to have been Linville Hall's own copy, and contains pencil manuscript corrections in his hand on forty- three pages, reflecting changes between the text in this 1849 edition and the 1898 second edition, which was also printed by Hall. "It is not only a very interesting account of the organization and voyage of a company that sailed to California in its own ship, but it is one of the first books printed in part at San Francisco" - Streeter sale. "The first printed narrative of a California gold-seeker and the best record of an argonaut expedition by sea" - Howes. "Ranks as one of the most celebrated and interesting of all Gold Rush narratives" - Kurutz. This copy was sold to Mary Young Moore by the Hudson Book Company (later Edward Eberstadt & Sons) in 1924, which commissioned the facsimile copies of pages 9 to 20 from the copy at the Bancroft Library. In a typed note included here, they assert that this was Linville Hall's copy, acquired from his descendants. Warren Howell, in the catalogue description of this copy in JOHN HOWELL - BOOKS ANNIVERSARY CATALOGUE of 1982, casts doubt on the likelihood of this, and his assertions have been joined by those of other booksellers. We believe, however, based on internal evidence, that this was in fact Linville Hall's own copy, used by him in creating the second edition of the book in the 1890s. It seems fairly clear that the numerous pencil notes in the text do not simply reflect a later owner's attempts to make this text conform to that of the 1898 edition. Rather, the marks (on forty- three of this copy's seventy-six original text pages) seem to clearly be editorial in nature, changing punctuation and offering suggestions for additional text that did or did not make it into the 1898 edition. For example, a paragraph on page 22 of this copy has a long pencil mark beside it; in the second edition the text of this paragraph has been expanded to comprise three paragraphs. On page 49 of this copy, the phrase "which is especially uppermost" appears in pencil in the margin - it appears in print in the text in the appropriate place in the 1898 edition. Similar occurrences are found on pages 52, 53, and 63, as well as several other places. In a number of instances on pages 58 and 59, editorial markings appear (e.g. crossing out dashes in favor of semicolons in the 1898 edition), which it seems clear would be made by someone preparing a new edition, but beyond the efforts or interests of an assiduous later owner of this copy seeking to rectify the text with the 1898 edition. In other places words, notes, or marks are penciled in which do not appear in the 1898 edition. For example, on page 84 of our copy, the words "insert here" appear in pencil in the margin, yet no additional text is present in the 1898 edition. Again, it would seem that this is the work of a revising editor - Linville Hall himself - rather than that of a later owner. Someone, in other words, who was making notes for a revised edition, and then used some but not all of his penciled notes in the later edition when he actually printed it. Linville J. Hall, identified in the company roster at the beginning of the text as "John L. Hall," was trained as a printer, as were two other members of the Hartford Union Mining and Trading Company. The journal that Hall printed was kept mainly by George G. Webster, a Hartford lawyer, and was supplemented by contributions from the ship's captain, David P. Vail, by Hall himself, and by others on board. Hall printed the journal on a press kept in his quarters. He recounted the difficulties of such an endeavor in his introduction to the 1898 edition of this work: "A dim light filtered through the thick glass mortised in the planks of the deck. It was with difficulty that I was enabled to see sufficiently well to work, but before the voyage was ended - seven months, ten days - I was so inured to semi-obscurity that it inconvenienced me but little. I had to resort to all manner of make-shifts in fitting up my quarters. I was obliged to construct my own press, and for originality, it could hardly be surpassed. Two other printers were on board, and one of them was considerate enough to help me out for a portion of one day; with the exception of this, the entire work of printing the journal devolved on me. I was so interested in my self-imposed task that I gave little attention to my surroundings. When the weather was unusually stormy I was obliged to abandon my case. However the work was not devoid of novel and exciting incidents; for instance, when the ship rocked or careened from the heavy swell, or during the progress of a heavy blow, the type in my composing stick would be scattered in all directions; at other times, my galleys half filled with set up matter, would go dancing across the room to the accompaniment of flying type." There exists a thirty-two-page copy of this journal, inscribed by Hall to E.A. Upton, a fellow printer who went on to become a San Francisco resident (see Vail). These first thirty- two pages are complete in and of themselves, ending with the journal entry of April 17, 1849. Hall apparently sent another copy of this thirty-two- page section to the HARTFORD COURANT, likely giving the printed text to an eastbound ship in Rio de Janeiro. The ...COURANT began publication of portions of the text on June 2, 1849. This first thirty-two-page portion would seem, then, to constitute the "first issue" of this text. In his anniversary catalogue of 1982, Warren Howell of John Howell - Books listed what can be called the "second issue." It is the copy owned by Thomas W. Streeter, previously owned by Penuel McClure, a member of the Hartford Union Mining and Trading Company. That copy has the word "Incidences" rather than "Incidents" on the titlepage, as well as slightly different titlepage typography. The present copy constitutes the "third issue" of the first edition, with the titlepage corrected and reset, and slight changes to the text of the first eight pages. Most bibliographers agree that the titlepage, first eight pages, and final few pages of text were printed by Hall on board ship in San Francisco harbor in September 1849. The journal itself contains a list of the officers and members of the Hartford Company, and describes the daily activities on board ship and in port from the time of its departure from New York on Feb. 17 until it arrived in San Francisco harbor on Sept. 13, 1849. The final three pages of text include a description of San Francisco as seen from aboard the ship. We are able to locate only eleven copies of any 1849 printing, in any issue, of this JOURNAL...: the California State Library; the Society of California Pioneers; the Huntington Library; the Bancroft Library; Yale; the American Antiquarian Society; the New-York Historical Society; the Connecticut Historical Society; the Streeter copy (bought by Warren Howell and listed as item 51 in his ANNIVERSARY CATALOGUE, now in a private collection); a copy of the thirty-two-page issue, formerly owned by Dan Volkmann, now in a private collection; and the present copy (listed by Howell as item 52 in his ANNIVERSARY CATALOGUE). It is incredibly rare on the market. The present copy, being the personal copy and bearing the manuscript corrections of the printer whose tireless efforts made this special volume possible, constitutes a peerless association copy of the first order. KURUTZ 305a. COWAN, p.259. HOWES W202, "dd." GREENWOOD 131. WAGNER, CALIFORNIA IMPRINTS 84. FAHEY 124. HOWELL, ANNIVERSARY CATALOGUE 52 (this copy). EBERSTADT 115:210. LIBROS CALIFORNIANOS (first ed), p.23. MATTHEWS, AMERICAN DIARIES, p.317. ROCQ 15846. STREETER SALE 2571. VAIL, GOLD FEVER, pp.25-27. WHEAT GOLD RUSH 88.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        The Bird of Passage; or, Flying Glimpses of Many Lands. FIRST EDITION. 3 vols.

      Richard Bentley. 1849 Half title & front. vol. I only. 3 vols in 2 in contemp. half tan calf, spines with raised gilt bands, red & green leather labels; sl. splitting to tail of front hinge vol. II. Armorial bookplates of A. Lamont of Knockdow. v.g.A series of short stories set in Eastern Europe & the Middle East. The bookplate is probably that of Alexander Lamont who was the father of James Lamont, the politician and arctic explorer.

      [Bookseller: Jarndyce Rare Books]
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        De to Baronesser. Roman i tre Dele.

      C.A. Reitzels Forlag, København 1849. (4)+124+(4)+115+(4)+151 sider. Indbundet i et senere blåt halvlæderbind med rygforgyldning. Bindet signeret Anker Kyster. Ryggen falmet. Indvendig lidt plettet. Exlibris på inderperm og navn på friblad (H.C. Andersen-samleren Eiler Høeg).. BFN 539. Førsteudgave. Udkom 25. november 1848.** Med dedikation fra H.C. Andersen til Signe Læssøe: 'Min kjære, moderlige Veninde Fru Læssøe hjerteligst fra Forfatteren'.*** Væsentligt associationseksemplar. Signe Læssøe (1781-1870) var en af H.C. Andersens nære veninder og tilhørte den inderste kreds af de mennesker, eventyrdigteren omgikkedes. Hun var datter af kaptajn W.H.F. Abrahamson, der også var digter og havde en livlig interesse for folkeviser. Signe Læssøe var nærmest livstidsenke - hendes mand grosser og havneskriver N.F. Læssøe døde i 1831 - ikke så lang tid efter, at hun stiftede bekendtskab med H.C. Andersen. De fik nærmest et mor-søn forhold, og Andersen betroede hende bl.a. om den forfærdelige skæbne, hans mor fik - drukkenskab og fornedrelse - noget, han ellers skammede sig frygteligt over. Forholdet blev med årene lidt anstrengt, for med Signe Læssøes bornerte og moralske livssyn tøvede hun ikke med at irettesætte Andersen, når hun mente, at han skrev tarveligt, plumpt eller banalt - til digterens store irritation. I et brev beklager hun, at Andersen skriver om de fattige: 'Ingen af de laveste Klasser læser Digtet og vi Andre ere ikke behagelige i disse lave Omgivelser'. Nogen stor forståelse af Andersens kunst har hun ikke haft

      [Bookseller: Vangsgaards Antikvariat]
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        Latin-English dictionary with a torn page repaired by Garfield – used by him at Hiram in preparation for college – with a franked envelope of Garfield to “Agricultural College”

      (1) “Lexicon of the Latin Language” edited by F.P. Leverett, 1004pp, 6” x 9.75”. Bound together with “An English-Latin Lexicon, prepared to accompany Leverett’s Latin-English Lexicon, 318pp. Boston: Wilkins, Carter, & Co., 1849. Loose hinges, soiling inside covers, foxing. Internally sound with foxing. Original calf cover scuffed. Modern reinforcement of spine. Good condition. (2) Postmarked envelope free franked by Garfield “J.A. Garfield / M.C.,” 4.5” x 3.75”. Lightly soiled. Addressed in another hand to Mr. A.H. Post, Agricultural College, Prince George’s Co., Md.” Garfield attended Western Reserve Eclectic Institute in Hiram, Ohio (1851-1854) and Williams College (1854-1856). Affixed inside the front cover of his book is an Autograph Statement Signed “Wm J. Parmelee,” 1p, 4.25” x 7”. Springfield, Mass., May 20, 1927. In part, “This lexicon owned by Almeda A. Booth while teaching at Hiram, was used conjointly by James A. Garfield … and herself while in preparation for college … The carefully mended torn pages atand 969 was the work of James A. Garfield…” Garfield attended Williams College, 1854-1856. With letter of Dr. Parmelee to James R. Garfield, 2pp, 5.75” x 9.5”, May 29, 1927. In part, “At the suggestion of your brother H.A. Garfield I am sending you … a lexicon given me by Miss Almeda A. Booth … with whom I prepared for college and was used by your father & Miss Booth before either went to college. There are two torn pages (I can only locate one) which she herself told me your father mended for her…” From Garfield’s library at his Lawnfield estate. Some twenty years ago, several dozen of Garfield’s books were de-accessioned, including this volume.

      [Bookseller: University Archives ]
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        "Ypperstepræsten" - "Tolderen" - "Synderinden", tre Taler ved Altergangen om Fredagen. + Sygdommen til Døden. En Christelig psychologisk Udvikling til Opbyggelse og Opvækkelse. Af Anti-Climacus. Udgivet af S. Kierkagaard.

      K., 1849. Indb. i ét samt. helshirtbd. m. rig tidstypisk rygforgyldn. og blindtrykte midterdekorationer i form af ornamenterede kors på permer. False og kapitæler professionelt restaurerede. M. skjold i sidste halvdel af "Sygdommen til Døden", ellers indvendig pæn. 51 pp. + (8), 136 pp.. To originaludgaver. Himmelstrup 120 + 119.Bound ine one cont. full cloth w. richly gilt back. Blindstamped centrepiecesdepicting ornamented crosses on boards. Hinges and capitals professionally restored. Waterstaining to last half of leaves of "Sygdommen til Døden, otherwise a nice copy. 51 pp. + (8), 136 pp

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        The History of the Parish of St James, in Jamaica,

      Printed by R.J. De Cordova, 66, West Harbour Street, Kingston, 1849. pp 111 - 165, separately bound. 1st ed., fine in slightly damaged original paper covers. A rare work. Part IV was evidently not published. Signed letter by Frank Cundall accompanies giving bibliographical details of the work.

      [Bookseller: Pennymead Books]
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        Des Freih. v. Münchhausen wunderbare Reisen und Abenteuer zu Wasser und zu Lande, wie er dieselben bei der Flasche im Zirkel seiner Frunde selbst zu erzählen pflegte

      Göttingen/Berlin, 1849. Sechste Originalausgabe der deutschen Bearbeitung. XXVI + 179 p. With 16 engraved plates. Cloth with printed wrappers

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        The Prelude, or Growth of a Poet's Mind; an Autobiographical Poem.

      First Edition, RARE FIRST ISSUE, and INTERESTING ASSOCIATION COPY, x, 374, (i)pp royal octavo, with 8pp publisher's catalogue dated November 1849 [i.e. the earliest issue; later issues are dated Dec 1949 or July 1850 - as is Cornell's copy, see #152] inserted between front endpapers and with advertisement leaf at end all as called for; original sand-grain blind-stamped cloth gilt lettered, with the original yellow endpapers, a very good sound copy, London, Moxon, 1850. Ashley Library Catalogue Vol.VIII, pp. 35-36; Cornell 152; Tinker: 2358; Wise: 33. Photographs available on request. Copies are very rarely found in good state in the original cloth as published and were often rebound (with advertisements discarded) because of the fine weave cloth used. Written between 1799 and 1805, this epic poem - often considered to be Wordsworth's finest long poem - was intended to form an introduction to "The Recluse", but this was never completed, only the second part ("The Excursion") being published. Wordsworth delayed its publication to allow his dependants to maximise the royalties.* PROVENANCE: Presentation copy, inscribed in neat ink hand on upper margin of title "To The Miss Campbell's with the kindest regards of Sir John and Lady Richardson." The Richardsons were friends and neighbours of Wordsworth, part of an inner circle of admirers - which doubtless accounts for the fact that they had the first issue of this book. Sir John Richardson (1787 -1865) Scottish naval surgeon, naturalist and arctic explorer who travelled with John Franklin in search of the Northwest Passage and with John Rae on an unsuccessful search for Franklin in 1848-49, describing it in "An Arctic Searching Expedition" (1851). He was a mentor to Charles Darwin, corresponded with Florence Nightingale on nursing, and, in retirement in Grasmere, was a neighbour and friend of the poet Wordsworth. He retired to the Lake District in 1855, and is buried at St Oswald's Church Grasmere - as was Wordsworth. The Wordsworths and the Richardsons regularly socialised, reciting poetry together at frequent soirees. Mrs Elizabeth Fletcher, - the mother of Lady Richardson - was "a lady of great beauty and intellect. In the Lakes she had at once been accepted on terms of intimate friendship by the great poet Wordsworth and his family at Rydal Mount. It was Wordsworth himself who acted on Mrs Fletcher's behalf in the negotiations over the purchase of Lancrigg. One of Mrs Fletcher's daughters, Mary, married Sir John Richardson in 1847 and her sister (Mrs Davy) kept a diary in which she recorded some of the many meetings the family had with Wordsworth." - note adapted from: H. A. L. Rice, "Wordsworth in Easedale". See also: Lady Richardson; "William Wordsworth", Sharpe's London Magazine, xvii, (1853) pp.148-55 and; William Wordsworth in Memoir by Lady Richardson cited by Grosart in Wordsworth Prose, 1876, where Lady Richardson's memoir is noted as "a vivid and sweetly toned paper on Wordsworth" and from which extracts were included at length in the section "Reminiscences of William Wordsworth", part (d). THE FULL TEXT OF THIS CAN BE SUPPLIED ON REQUEST. * "August 28th, 1841.-Mr. Wordsworth, Miss Fenwick, and Mrs. Hill came to dine, and it rained on the whole day, but happily the Poet talked on from two to eight without being weary, as we certainly were not. After dinner, when we came to the drawing-room, the conversation turned on the treatment of Wordsworth by the reviews of the day. I had never heard him open out on it before, and was much struck with the manner in which he did it; from his present elevation looking calmly back on the past, and at the same time feeling that an irreparable injury had been done to him at the time when life and hope were young. As nearly as I can I shall record his words as they were spoken. He said:'At the time I resolved to dedicate myself to poetry and separate myself from the ordinary lucrative professions, it would certainly have been a great object to me to have reaped the profits I should have done from my writings but for the stupidity of Mr. Gifford and the impertinence of Mr. Jeffrey. It would have enabled me to purchase many books which I could not obtain, and I should have gone to Italy earlier, which I never could afford to do until I was sixty-five, when Moxon gave me a thousand pounds for my writings. This was the only kind of injury Mr. Jeffrey did me, for I immediately perceived that his mind was of that kind that his individual opinion on poetry was of no consequence to me whatever, that it was only by the influence his periodical exercised at the time in preventing my poems being read and sold that he could injure me; for feeling that my writings were founded on what was true and spiritual in human nature, I knew the time would come when they must be known, and I never therefore felt his opinion of the slightest value, except in preventing the young of that generation from receiving impressions which might have been of use to them through life. I say this, I hope not in a boasting spirit, but I am now daily surprised by receiving letters from various places at home and abroad expressive of gratitude to me from persons I never saw or heard of. As this occurs now, I may fairly conclude that it might have been so when the poems appeared, but for the tyranny exercised over public opinion by the Edinburgh and Quarterly Reviews.' * December 1841.-Wordsworth and Miss Fenwick spent the shortest day of the year with us; he brought with him his Epitaph on Southey, and as we sat round the fire after dinner, my mother asked him to read it to us, which he did in his usual impressive manner. He asked our impression of it. My mother ventured to tell him of one word, or rather two, which she thought might be altered with advantage. They were these:'Wide was his range, but ne'er in human breastDid private feeling find a holier nest.''Holier nest' were the words she objected to, as not being a correct union of ideas. He took the suggestion most kindly, and said it had been much discussed in his own mind and in his family circle, but that he saw the force of what she said, and that he was aware many others would see it also. He said there was yet time to change it, and that he should consult Judge Coleridge whether the line, as he once had it,'Did private feeling meet in holier rest,'would not be more appropriate to the simplicity of an epitaph where you con every word, and where every word is expected to bear an exact meaning. We all thought this was an improvement. During tea he talked with great animation of the separation of feeling between the rich and poor in this country; the reason of this he thinks is the greater freedom we enjoy; that the line of demarcation not being so clearly laid down in this country by the law as in others, people fancy they must make it for themselves. He considers Christianity the only cure for this state of things. He spoke of his own desire to carry out the feeling of brotherhood with regard to servants, which he all along endeavoured to do. He doubted whether he might not have had better servants on a different system; but he thought it right to endeavour to inspire your domestics with a feeling of common interest. My mother said she entirely agreed with him, but she had always found it most difficult.November 1843.-Wordsworth holds the critical power very low, infinitely lower than the inventive; and he said to-day that if the quantity of time considered in writing critiques on the works of others were given to original composition, of{439} whatever kind it might be, it would be much better employed; it would make a man find out sooner his own level, and it would do infinitely less mischief. A false or malicious criticism may do much injury to the minds of others; a stupid invention, either in prose or verse, is quite harmless.December 22d, 1843.-The shortest day is past, and it was a very pleasant one to us, for Wordsworth and Miss Fenwick offered to spend it with us. They came early, and, although it was misty and dingy, he proposed to walk up Easedale. We went by the terrace, and through the little gate on the Fell, round by Brimmer Head, having diverged a little up from Easedale, nearly as far as the ruined cottage. He said, when he and his sister wandered there so much, that cottage was inhabited by a man of the name of Benson, a waller, its last inhabitant. He said on the terrace, 'This is a striking anniversary to me; for this day forty-four years ago, my sister and I took up our abode at Grasmere, and three days after we found out this walk, which long remained our favourite haunt.' There is always something very touching in his way of speaking of his sister; the tones of his voice become more gentle and solemn, and he ceases to have that flow of expression which is so remarkable in him on all other subjects. It is as if the sadness connected with her present condition was too much for him to dwell upon in connection with the past, although habit and the 'omnipotence of circumstance' have made its daily presence less oppressive to his spirits. He said that his sister spoke constantly of their early days, but more of the years they spent together in other parts of England than those at Grasmere. As we proceeded on our walk he happened to speak of the frequent unhappiness of married persons, and the low and wretched principles on which the greater number of marriages were formed. He said that unless there was a strong foundation of love and respect, the 'unavoidable breaks and cataracts' of domestic life must soon end in mutual aversion, for that married life ought not to be in theory, and assuredly it never was in practice, a system of mere submission on either side, but it should be a system of mutual cooperation for the good of each. If the wife is always expected to conceal her difference of opinion from her husband, she ceases to be an equal, and the man loses the advantage which the marriage tie is intended to provide for him in a civilised and Christian country. He then went on to say, that, although he never saw an amiable single woman without wishing that she were married, from his strong feeling of the happiness of a well-assorted marriage, yet he was far from thinking that marriage always improved people. It certainly did not, unless it was a congenial marriage.On Tuesday, April the 7th, 1844, my mother and I left Lancrigg to begin our Yorkshire journey. We arrived at Rydal Mount about three o'clock, and found the tables all tastefully decorated on the esplanade in front of the house. The Poet was standing looking at them with a very pleased expression of face; he received us very kindly, and very soon the children began to arrive. The Grasmere boys and girls came first, and took their places on the benches placed round the gravelled part of the esplanade; their eyes fixed with wonder and admiration on the tables covered with oranges, gingerbread, and painted eggs, ornamented with daffodils, laurels, and moss, gracefully intermixed. The plot soon began to thicken, and the scene soon became very animated. Neighbours, old and young, of all degrees, ascended to the Mount to keep the Poet's seventy-fourth birthday, and every face looked friendly and happy. Each child brought its own mug, and held it out to be filled with tea, in which ceremony all assisted. Large baskets of currant cakes were handed round and liberally dispensed; and as each detachment of children had satisfied themselves with tea and cake, they were moved off, to play at hide and seek among the evergreens on the grassy part of the Mount. The day was not bright, but it was soft, and not cold, and the scene, viewed from the upper windows of the house, was quite beautiful, and one I should have been very sorry not to have witnessed. It was innocent and gay, and perfectly natural. Miss F--, the donor of the fête, looked very happy, and so did all the Poet's household. The children, who amounted altogether to above 300, gave three cheers to Mr. Wordsworth and Miss F--. After some singing and dancing, and after the division of eggs, gingerbread, and oranges had taken place, we all began to disperse. We spent the night at the Oaks, and set off on our journey the following morning. The gay scene at the Mount often comes before me, as a pleasant dream. It is perhaps the only part of the island where such a reunion of all classes could have taken place without any connection of landlord and tenant, or any clerical relation, or school direction. Wordsworth, while looking at the gambols on the Mount, expressed his conviction that if such meetings could oftener take place between people of different condition, a much more friendly feeling would be created than now exists in this country between the rich and poor.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------July 12th, 1844.-Wordsworth spoke much during the evening of his early intercourse with Coleridge, on some one observing that it was difficult to carry away a distinct impression from Coleridge's conversation, delightful as every one felt his outpourings to be. Wordsworth agreed, but said he was occasionally very happy in clothing an idea in words; and he{445} mentioned one which was recorded in his sister's journal during a tour they all made together in Scotland. They passed a steam engine, and Wordsworth made some observation to the effect that it was scarcely possible to divest oneself of the impression on seeing it that it had life and volition. 'Yes,' replied Coleridge, 'it is a giant with one idea.'--------------------------------------------------------------------------------He discoursed at great length on Scott's works. His poetry he considered of that kind which will always he in demand, and that the supply will always meet it, suited to the age. He does not consider that it in any way goes below the surface of things; it does not reach to any intellectual or spiritual emotion; it is altogether superficial, and he felt it himself to be so. His descriptions are not true to Nature; they are addressed to the ear, not to the mind. He was a master of bodily movements in his battle-scenes; but very little productive power was exerted in popular creations.DUDDON EXCURSIONOn Friday, the 6th September 1844, I set off to breakfast at Rydal Mount, it being the day fixed by Mr. Wordsworth for our long-projected excursion to the Valley of the Duddon.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------The rain fell in torrents, and it became doubtful whether we should set off or not; but as it was a thunder-shower, we waited till it was over, and then Wordsworth, Mr. Quillinan, Miss Hutchinson, and I, set forth in our carriage to Coniston, where we were to find the Rydal Mount carriage awaiting us with Mr. Hutchinson. Wordsworth talked very agreeably on the way to Coniston, and repeated several verses of his own, which he seemed pleased that Serjeant Talfourd had repeated to him the day before. He mentioned a singular instance of T. Campbell's inaccuracy of memory in having actually printed as his own a poem of Wordsworth's, 'The Complaint:' he repeated it beautifully as we were going up the hill to Coniston. On reaching the inn in the village of Coniston, the rain again fell in torrents. At length, the carriages were ordered to the door with the intention of our returning home; but just as they were ready the sun broke out, and we turned the horse's head towards Ulpha Kirk. The right bank of Coniston was all new to me after we passed the village, and Old Man of Coniston. The scenery ceases to be bold and rugged, but is very pleasing, the road passing through hazel copses, the openings showing nice little cornfields and comfortable detached farms, with old uncropped trees standing near them; some very fine specimens of old ash trees, which I longed to transport to Easedale, where they have been so cruelly lopped. The opening towards the sea, as we went on, was very pleasing; but the first striking view of the Duddon was looking down upon it soon after we passed Broughton, where you turn to the right, and very soon after perceive the peculiar beauty of the valley, although it does not take its wild and dreamlike beauty till you pass Ulpha Kirk. We reversed the order of the sonnets, and saw the river first, 'in radiant progress tow'rd the deep,' instead of tracing this 'child of the clouds' from its cradle in the lofty waste. We reached the Kirk of Ulpha between five and six. The appearance of the little farm-house inn at once made anything approaching to a dinner an impossibility had we wished it ever so much; but in due time we had tea and boiled ham, with two eggs apiece, and were much invigorated by this our first Duddonian meal. The hostess was evidently surprised that we thought of remaining all night, so humbly did she think of the accommodation she had to offer. She remembered Mr. Wordsworth sleeping there fifteen years ago, because it was just after the birth of her daughter, a nice comely girl who attended us at tea. Mr. Quillinan showed great good nature and unselfishness in the arrangements he made, and the care he took of the admirable horse, which I saw him feeding out of a tub, a manger being too great a refinement for Ulpha.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------After tea, although it was getting dark, we went to the churchyard, which commands a beautiful view towards Seathwaite, and we then walked in that direction, through a lane where the walls were more richly covered by moss and fern than any I ever saw before. A beautiful dark-coloured tributary to the Duddon comes down from the moors on the left hand, about a mile from Ulpha; and soon after we had passed the small bridge over this stream, Mr. Wordsworth recollected a well which he had discovered some thirty or forty years before. We went off the road in search of it, through a shadowy, embowered path; and as it was almost dark we should probably have failed in finding it, had we not met a very tiny boy, with a can of water in his hand, who looked at us in speechless amazement, when the Poet said, 'Is there a well here, my little lad?' We found the well, and then joined the road again by another path, leaving the child to ponder whether we were creatures of earth or air.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------Saturday morning was cloudy but soft, and lovely in its hazy effects. When I went out about seven, I saw Wordsworth going a few steps, and then moving on, and stopping again, in a very abstracted manner; so I kept back. But when he saw me, he advanced, and took me again to the churchyard to see the morning effects, which were very lovely. He said he had not slept well, that the recollection of former days and people had crowded upon him, and, 'most of all, my dear sister; and when I thought of her state, and of those who had passed away, Coleridge, and Southey, and many others, while I am left with all my many infirmities, if not sins, in full consciousness, how could I sleep? and then I took to the alteration of sonnets, and that made the matter worse still.' Then suddenly stopping before a little bunch of harebell, which, along with some parsley fern, grew out of the wall near us, he exclaimed, 'How perfectly beautiful that is!"Would that the little flowers that grow could live,Conscious of half the pleasure that they give."'He then expatiated on the inexhaustible beauty of the arrangements of Nature, its power of combining in the most secret recesses, and that it must be for some purpose of beneficence that such operations existed. After breakfast, we got into the cart of the inn, which had a seat swung into it, upon which a bolster was put, in honour, I presume, of the Poet Laureate. In this we jogged on to Seathwaite, getting out to ascend a craggy eminence on the right, which Mrs. Wordsworth admired: the view from it is very striking. You see from it all the peculiarities of the vale, the ravine where the Duddon 'deserts the haunts of men,' 'the spots of stationary sunshine,' and the homesteads which are scattered here and there, both on the heights and in the lower ground near protecting rocks and craggy steeps. Seathwaite I had a perfect recollection of; and the way we approached it twenty years ago, from Coniston over Walna Scar, is the way Mr. Wordsworth still recommends as the most beautiful. We went on some distance beyond the chapel, and every new turning and opening among the hills allured us on, till at last the Poet was obliged to exercise the word of command, that we should proceed no further. The return is always a flat thing, so I shall not detail it, except that we reached our respective homes in good time; and I hope I shall never cease to think with gratitude and pleasure of the kindness of my honoured guide through the lovely scenes he has rescued from obscurity, although it happily still remains an unvitiated region, 'which stands in no need of the veil of twilight to soften or disguise its features: as it glistens in the morning's sun it fills the spectator's heart with gladsomeness.'November 21.-My mother and I called at Rydal last Saturday, to see the Wordsworths after their autumnal excursion. We found him only at home, looking in great vigour and much the better for this little change of scene and circumstance. He spoke with much interest of a communication he had had from a benevolent surgeon at Manchester, an admirer of his, who thinks that a great proportion of the blindness in this country might be prevented by attention to the diseases of the eye in childhood. He spoke of two very interesting blind ladies he had seen at Leamington, one of whom had been at Rydal Mount a short time before her 'total eclipse,' and now derived the greatest comfort from the recollection of these beautiful scenes, almost the last she looked on. He spoke of his own pleasure in returning to them, and of the effect of the first view from 'Orrest Head,' the point mentioned in his 'unfortunate[250] sonnet, which has,' he said, 'you are aware, exposed me to the most unlooked for accusations. They actually accuse me of desiring to interfere with the innocent enjoyments of the poor, by preventing this district becoming accessible to them by a railway. Now I deny that it is to that class that this kind of scenery is either the most improving or the most attractive. For the very poor the great God of Nature has mercifully spread out His Bible everywhere; the common sunshine, green fields, the blue sky, the shining river, are everywhere to be met with in this country; and it is only an individual here and there among the uneducated classes who feels very deeply the poetry of lakes and mountains; and such persons would rather wander about where they like, than rush through the country in a railway. It is not, therefore, the poor, as a class, that would benefit morally or mentally by a railway conveyance; while to the educated classes, to whom such scenes as these give enjoyment of the purest kind, the effect would be almost entirely destroyed.'Wednesday, 20th Nov.-A most remarkable halo was seen round the moon soon after five o'clock to-day; the colours of the rainbow were most brilliant, and the circle was entire for about five minutes.Thursday, Mr. Wordsworth dined here with the Balls, Davys, and Mr. Jefferies. Mr. W. spoke with much delight of the moon the day before, and said his servant, whom he called 'dear James,' called his attention to it.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------Wednesday, Dec. 18th.-The Wordsworths and Quillinans sat two hours with us. He said he thought [Dr. Arnold] was mistaken in the philosophy of his view of the danger of Milton's Satan being represented without horns and hoofs; that Milton's conception was as true as it was grand; that making sin ugly was a common-place notion compared with making it beautiful outwardly, and inwardly a hell. It assumed every form of ambition and worldliness, the form in which sin attacks the highest natures.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------This day, Sunday, the 9th of February, the snow is again falling fast, but very gently. Yesterday, the 8th, was a beautiful day. We had a very pleasant visit of above an hour from Wordsworth and his wife. He was in excellent spirits, and repeated with a solemn beauty, quite peculiar to himself, a sonnet he had lately composed on 'Young England;' and his indignant burst 'Where then is old, our dear old England?' was one of the finest bursts of Nature and Art combined I have ever heard. My dear mother's face, too, while he was repeating it, was a fine addition to the picture; and I could not help feeling they were both noble specimens of 'dear old England.' Mrs. Wordsworth, too, is a goodly type of another class of old England, more thoroughly English perhaps than either of the others, but they made an admirable trio; and Mrs. Wordsworth's face expressed more admiration of her husband in his bardic mood than I ever saw before. He discussed mesmerism very agreeably, stating strongly his detestation of clairvoyance; not only on the presumption of its being altogether false, but supposing it, for argument sake, to be true, then he thinks it would be an engine of enormous evil, putting it in the power of any malicious person to blast the character of another, and shaking to the very foundations the belief in individual responsibility. He is not disposed to reject without examination the assertions with regard to the curative powers of mesmerism. He spoke to-day with pleasure of having heard that Mr. Lockhart had been struck by his lines from a MSS. poem, printed in his Railway-Sonnet pamphlet.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------February 24th.-Snow still on the ground. It has never been quite clear of snow since the 27th January. Partial thaws have allowed us to peep out into the world of Ambleside and Rydal; and last Saturday we drank tea at Foxhow, and met the Wordsworths and Miss F--. He is very happy to have his friend home again, and was in a very agreeable mood. He repeated his sonnet on the 'Pennsylvanians,' and again that on 'Young England,' which I admire so much.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------March 6th.-Wordsworth, whom we met yesterday at dinner at the Oaks, expressed his dislike to monuments in churches; partly from the absurdity and falsehood of the epitaphs which sometimes belonged to them, and partly from their injuring the architectural beauties of the edifice, as they grievously did in Westminster Abbey and many other cathedrals. He made an exception in favour of those old knightly monuments, which he admitted added to the solemnity of the scene, and were in keeping with the buildings; and he added, 'I must also except another monument which once made a deep impression on my mind. It was in a small church near St. Alban's; and I once left London in the afternoon, so as to sleep at St. Alban's the first night, and have a few hours of evening light to visit this church. It was before the invention of railways, and I determined that I would always do the same; but, the year after, railways existed, and I have never been able to carry out my project again: all wandering is now over. Well, I went to this small country church; and just opposite the door at which you enter, the figure of the great Lord Bacon, in pure white, was the first thing that presented itself. I went there to see his tomb, but I did not expect to see himself; and it impressed me deeply. There he was, a man whose fame extends over the whole civilised world, sitting calmly, age after age, in white robes of pure alabaster, in this small country church, seldom visited except by some stray traveller, he having desired to be interred in this spot, to lie near his mother.'On referring to Mallet's Life of Bacon, I see he mentions that he was privately buried at St. Michael's church, near St. Alban's; and it adds, 'The spot that contains his remains lay obscure and undistinguished, till the gratitude of a private man, formerly his servant' (Sir Thomas Meautys), 'erected a monument to his name and memory.' This makes it probable that the likeness is a correct one.November 8th, 1845.-On our way to take an early dinner at Foxhow yesterday, we met the Poet at the foot of his own hill, and he engaged us to go to tea to the Mount on our way home to hear their adventures, he and his Mary having just returned from a six weeks' wander among their friends. During their absence we always feel that the road between Grasmere and Ambleside is wanting in something, beautiful as it is. We reached the Mount before six, and found dear Mrs. Wordsworth much restored by her tour. She has enjoyed the visit to her kith and kin in Herefordshire extremely, and we had a nice comfortable chat round the fire and the tea-table. After tea, in speaking of the misfortune it was when a young man did not seem more inclined to one profession than another, Wordsworth said that he had always some feeling of indulgence for men at that age who felt such a difficulty. He had himself passed through it, and had incurred the strictures of his friends and relations on this subject. He said that after he had finished his college course, he was in great doubt as to what his future employment should be. He did not feel himself good enough for the Church, he felt that his mind was not properly disciplined for that holy office, and that the struggle between his conscience and his impulses would have made life a torture. He also shrank from the law, although Southey often told him that he was well fitted for the higher parts of the profession. He had studied military history with great interest, and the strategy of war; and he always fancied that he had talents for command; and he at one time thought of a military life, but then he was without connections, and he felt if he were ordered to the West Indies his talents would not save him from the yellow fever, and he gave that up. At this time he had only a hundred a year. Upon this he lived, and travelled, and married, for it was not until the late Lord Lonsdale came into possession that the money which was due to them was restored. He mentioned this to show how difficult it often was to judge of what was passing in a young man's mind, but he thought that for the generality of men, it was much better that they should be early led to the exercise of a profession of their own choice.December 1846.-Henry Fletcher and I dined at the Mount on the 21st of this month. The party consisted of Mr. Crabb Robinson (their Christmas guest), Mrs. Arnold, Miss Martineau, and ourselves. My mother's cold was too bad to allow her to go, which I regretted, as it was, like all their little meetings, most sociable and agreeable. Wordsworth was much pleased with a little notice of his new edition in the Examiner; he thought it very well done. He expressed himself very sweetly at dinner on the pleasant terms of neighbourly kindness we enjoyed in the valleys. It will be pleasant in after times to remember his words, and still more his manner when he said this, it was done with such perfect simplicity and equality of feeling, without the slightest reference to self, and I am sure without thinking of himself at the time as more than one of the little circle whose friendly feeling he was commending.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------October 1846.-Wordsworth dined with us one day last week, and was in much greater vigour than I have seen him all this summer.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------He mentioned incidentally that the spelling of our language was very much fixed in the time of Charles the Second, and that the attempts which had been made since, and are being made in the present day, were not likely to succeed. He entered his protest as usual against [Carlyle's] style, and said that since Johnson no writer had done so much to vitiate the English language. He considers Lord Chesterfield the last good English writer before Johnson. Then came the Scotch historians, who did infinite mischief to style, with the exception of Smollett, who wrote good pure English. He quite agreed to the saying that all great poets wrote good prose; he said there was not one exception. He does not think Burns's prose equal to his verse, but this he attributes to his writing his letters in English words, while in his verse he was not trammelled in this way, but let his numbers have their own way.Lancrigg, November.-Mr. and Mrs. Wordsworth took an early dinner with us on the 26th of this month. He was very vigorous, and spoke of his majority at Glasgow, also of his reception at Oxford. He told us of an application he had just had from a Glasgow publisher that he should write a sonnet in praise of Fergusson and Allan Ramsay, to prefix to a new edition of those Poets which was about to appear. He intended to reply, that Burns's lines to Fergusson would be a much more appropriate tribute than anything he could write; and he went on to say that Burns owed much to Fergusson, and that he had taken the plan of many of his poems from Fergusson, and the measure also. He did not think this at all detracted from the merit of Burns, for he considered it a much higher effort of genius to excel in degree, than to strike out what may be called an original poem. He spoke highly of the purity of language of the Scotch poets of an earlier period, Gavin Douglass and others, and said that they greatly excelled the English poets, after Chaucer, which he attributed to the distractions of England during the wars of York and Lancaster.December 25th, 1846.-My mother and I called at Rydal Mount yesterday early, to wish our dear friends the blessings of the season. Mrs. W. met us at the door most kindly, and we found him before his good fire in the dining-room, with a flock of robins feasting at the window. He had an old tattered book in his hand; and as soon as he had given us a cordial greeting, he said, in a most animated manner, 'I must read to you what Mary and I have this moment finished. It is a passage in the Life of Thomas Elwood.' He then read to us the following extract:'Some little time before I went to Alesbury prison, I was desired by my quondam master, Milton, to take an house for him in the neighbourhood where I dwell, that he might get out of the city, for the safety of himself and his family, the pestilence then growing hot in London. I took a pretty box for him in Giles-Chalford, a mile from me, of which I gave him notice; and intended to have waited on him, and seen him well settled in it, but was prevented by that imprisonment.'But now being released, and returned home, I soon made a visit to him, to welcome him into the country.'After some common discourses had passed between us, he called for a manuscript of his, which being brought, he delivered to me, bidding me take it home with me and read it at my leisure; and when I had so done, return it to him with my judgment thereupon.'When I came home, and had set myself to read it, I found it was that excellent poem which he entituled 'Paradise Lost.' After I had with the best attention read it through, I made him another visit, and returned him his book with due acknowledgment of the favour he had done me in communicating it to me. He asked me how I liked it, and what I thought of it, which I modestly, but freely told him; and after some further discourse about it, I pleasantly said to him, "Thou hast said much here of Paradise lost, but what hast thou to say of Paradise found?" He made me no answer, but sate some time in a muse; then brake off that discourse, and fell upon another subject. After the sickness was over, and the city well cleansed and become safely habitable again, he returned thither; and when afterwards I went to wait on him there (which I seldom failed of doing whenever my occasions drew me to London), he showed me his second poem, called "Paradise Regained;" and in a pleasant tone said to me, "This is owing to you, for you put it into my head by the question you put to me at Chalford, which before I had not thought of." But from this digression I return to the family I then lived in.'Wordsworth was highly diverted with the apology of the worthy Quaker, for the digression, which has alone saved him from oblivion. He offered to send us the old book, which came a few days after; and I shall add another digression in favour of John Milton, to whom he appears to have been introduced about the year 1661, by a Dr. Paget. It is thus notified apropos to Thomas Elwood feeling a desire for more learning than he possessed, which having expressed to Isaac Pennington, with whom he himself lived as tutor to his children, he says, 'Isaac Pennington had an intimate acquaintance with Dr. Paget, a{455} physician of note in London, and he with John Milton, a gentleman of great note for learning throughout the learned world, for the accurate pieces he had written on various subjects and occasions. This person having filled a public station in the former times, lived now a private and retired life in London, and, having wholly lost his sight, kept always a man to read to him, which usually was the son of some gentleman of his acquaintance, whom in kindness he took to improve in his learning.'He received me courteously, as well for the sake of Dr. Paget, who introduced me, as of Isaac Pennington who recommended me, to both whom he bore a good respect; and having inquired divers things of me, with respect to my former progression in learning, he dismissed me to provide myself of such accommodations as might be most suitable to my future studies.'I went, therefore, and took myself a lodging as near to his house, which was then in Jewin-street, as conveniently I could, and from thenceforward went every day in the afternoon (except on the first days of the week), and sitting by him in his dining-room, read to him in such books in the Latin tongue as he pleased to hear me read.'

      [Bookseller: Jeffrey Stern Antiquarian Bookseller]
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        Pride and Prejudice. A Novel. London: George Routledge 1849. [bound with] HOEY, Mrs. F.C. Buried in the Deep; and other Tales. London: Chapman and Hall 1872.

      . Two volumes bound in one, "Pride and Prejudice" bound in second, 12mo, (ii), 430, (iii)-290 pp, the Austen bound without its half title. Later small owner's label to paste down, upper hinge cracked but sound. Contemporary blue cloth, marked, spine dull. A very scarce issue of "Pride and Prejudice" not listed in Keynes, Wolff or on Copac; Sadleir mentions it in his list of Routledge's Railway Library (II p167/8) but doesn't catalogue it elsewhere. "Buried in the Deep" not in Sadleir, Wolff or CBEL with only one copy noted on Copac.

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        Beretning om corvetten Galathea´s reise omkring jorden 1845, 46 og 47. Ved Sten Bille chef för expeditionen.

      Kjöbenhavn. Forlagt af Universitetsboghandler C. A. Reitzel. Trykt hos Kgl. Hofbogtryckker Bianco Luno. 1849-1851. 8:o. 24 x 15 cm. Three parts in three volumes. Part I: Title + half title + XII pp. + 496 pp. + 6 tinted lithographs + 2 folding maps. Part II: Title + half title + VIII pp. + 466 pp + (4 pp.) + 7 tinted lithographs + 2 folding maps. Part III: Title + half title + 514 pp. + LXVIII pp. + (4 pp.) + 6 tinted lithographs + 1 folding map + 1 letter in facsimil. The plates in the first part are all placed at the back. In part II and III the plates are placed according to the plate list. This copy has 19 tinted lithographs in all. Some copies may have an extra plate, since it is listed in the index as to be published later. It is not present in this copy. All the lithographs are present according to the information at the titles. Brown paper boards. Black cloth spine to part I. Green cloth spines to parts II and III. Paper labels with titles at the spines. Name inscriptions at the front end papers. Partly uncut. Some wear and a few stains to the bindings. Bumped corners. Part I with a little loss to the title label. A little foxing to a few pages. Guard papers browned. Interior in nice condition.. This is Captain Sten Bille´s narrative of the danish ship Galathea´s circumnavigation of the globe in 1846-1847. The purpose of the expedition was to explore commercial opportunities at the Nicobar Islands, which were under dansih control, to hand over the danish colonies in India - Tranquebar and Fredriksnagore - to the British East India Company and to expand trading contacts with China. Illustrated with fine plates from India, the Nicobar Islands, Java, China, Japan, Tahiti, Borra-Borra, Hawaii, Argentina etc

      [Bookseller: Hammarlunds Antikvariat]
 15.   Check availability:     Antikvariat     Link/Print  


        Notes on Artillery. [with] Drawings on Artillery.

      [n.p.] (1849).. Large 8vo (text) and oblong folio. (xiv), 544 pp. The volumes uniformly bound in contemporary brown half morocco over matching brown cloth sides, gilt lettered to upper boards with the author's name and the titles along with the initials "R.M.A." (presumably the Royal Military Academy), the spine of the text volume with gilt tooled raised bands, gilt lettered to one panel and with date at the foot of the spine, the atlas volume sometime neatly rebacked to style, the bookplate of the Naval and Military Club to the front pastedown featuring their armorial crest. Some minor wear to the bindings, small crack at the head of the upper joint of the text volume, though the binding remains sound. An impressive mid-19th century manuscript treatise on various aspects of artillery, providing a comprehensive description of the weapons and ammunition and the technology used in their manufacture. The text volume commences with a hand drawn title page bearing the student's name and family crest and is followed by an 11 page index of the contents, arranging the work under the broad section headings "Artillery", "Remarks on the Foundry", "Remarks on the Boring Department", "Notes on Proof Department", "Reports on Military Carriages, Notes on Gun Powder", "Laboratory Course" and "List of Works to be Considered on Artillery". The work is embellished by numerous tables and illustrations drawn and coloured by hand. The folio atlas volume contains 40 fine drawings of various sizes, with 25 measuring 20 x 32 cm being predominantly uncoloured, the others variously measuring between 20 x 26 cm and 24 x 45 cm, all but one handcoloured. Richard Oldfield went on to serve in the Royal Artillery in the succeeding decades and eventually gained the rank of Major-General in 1887.

      [Bookseller: Bow Windows Bookshop, ABA, ILAB]
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        Jordens Folkslag, efter deras egendomlighet i afseende på regeringsform, religion, seder och kädedrägter skildrade af Dr. Heinrich Berghaus. Öfversättning af G. Thomée. Med kolorerade figurer. (..).

      Stockholm. Alb. Bonniers Förlag. 1849-1850. 4:o. 2 parts in 2 volumes. Part I: Title + 392 pp. + 15 hand colored plates; Part II: Title + 302 pp. + (2 pp.) + 17 hand colored plates. Brown half calf. Brown boards. Gilt titles and gilt ornamentations at the spines. End papers with patterns in white and blue. Ex Libris pasted to the inside of the front boards. Yellow guard papers.. Worn joints. Some wear to the board edges.A few small scratches to the boards. Volume I with a couple of pages with a stain in the margin. Volume II has about 10 pages with some minor foxing, and a water stain in the lower margin of the last ca. 50 pages. The plates are in fine condition. Very clean copy.. A swedish edition of Heinrich Berghaus "Die Völker des Erdballs". A work on the peoples of the world, their customs, fashions religions etc. 32 hand colored wood cuts

      [Bookseller: Hammarlunds Antikvariat]
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        Orig. handwritten and signed manuscript for "Chanson Illustrée." 6 pages narrow 4to., 25-30 lines to each page.

      Nice hcalf. Boards with marbled cover paper. Leather title label on front board. Compositor marks in text.. Complete autographed manuscript by Jean Richepin (1849-1930) who was imprisoned for the boldness in his writings (Chanson des Gueux, 1876). This story is complete in itself, and is, as far as seen, not published by itself. As it is not a poem, it is not to be found in R.'s poetical works, but the compositor marks do point to printing

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
 18.   Check availability:     Antikvariat     Link/Print  


        Thaten und Meinungen des Herrn Piepmeyer, Abgeordneten zur constituirenden Nationalversammlung zu Frankfurt am Main. 6 Hefte (= alles) in 1 Band.

      Lithographischer Titel, 1 Bl. lithographischer Text und 49 lithographische Tafeln von Adolf Schrödter. HLwd. d. Zt. mit handschriftl. Deckeletikett. 21 x 28 cm. Rümann 2322; Hauswedell-Voigt I, 118, II, 178-180; Rümann, 19. Jahrhundert, 285. - Sehr seltene einzige Ausgabe dieser "witzigsten Kunstschöpfung des Jahres 1848. Über dieses köstliche Bändchen könnte man seitenlang schreiben" (G. Hermann in ZfB IV, 326). Gilt bis heute als das Meisterwerk der Karikatur aus der gescheiterten deutschen Revolution. Detmold war der bekannteste und gefürchtetste Satiriker beim Frankfurter Parlament und als dessen Volksvertreter hielt er seine Beobachtungen in diesem Bilderzyklus fest. Als Mitarbeiter hatte er den genialen Schroedter engagiert. Der Name "Piepmeyer" zielt wohl auf den damaligen Abgeordneten Mittermeyer, stammt jedoch aus Immermanns "Münchhausen". In diesen geistreichen politischen Karikaturen wird das Urbild des Konjunkturpolitikers im politischen wie privaten Leben gezeichnet, unterlegt mit dem kongenialen, bleibenden Wert besitzenden Text von Detmold. Nur anfänglich war der Abgeordnete und Karikaturist A. v. Boddien an dem Werk beteiligt. Der Hauptanteil an dem durchschlagenden Erfolg dieser "alle Fraktionen im gleichen Grade befriedigenden" Satire kommt Schrödter zu (B. Golz). "Wie witzig ist das gezeichnet! In einer Technik, die in ihrer scheinbaren Naivität sich allem anpasst" (Hermann). - Tafel VII aus Heft II ist in Heft I gebunden. Papier altersbedingt etwas gebräunt bzw. braunfleckig.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Turszynski]
 19.   Check availability:     antiquariat.de     Link/Print  


        Monograph on Fossil Reptilia of the London Clay: Part I - Chelonia, Supplement & Part II - Crocodilia, Ophidia; In 1 Vol.;

      London, for the Palaeontographical Society, 1849-50.. (Includes 2-page, 2-plate supplement by Owen). HARDBACK, quarter-cloth with cloth-covered boards, pages: viii, 76; 77-79, 1-68, all edges speckled, plates: i-xxviii; xxviiia-xxviiib; xxix-xvi, (one folding), text-figs.: 1-6; 7-10, 210mm x 274mm, (8.25" x 10.75"), ex-academic library, with plate on front end-paper, stamp on title-pages, gilt embossed and ink nos. on grubby spine, head, tail and corners rubbed, covers worn and rubbed, some light spotting, small tear in front free end-paper, small part of top corner of first page of the supplement missing (not affecting text), otherwise a very fine copy. Pal. Soc. Nos. 2, 6, 44. 1.5Kg. This is a heavy item and will incur additional postage, eg. shipping costs to an address in Europe, outside the UK, would be around £10.00.

      [Bookseller: Baldwin's Scientific Books]
 20.   Check availability:     UKBookworld     Link/Print  


        The Rhododendrons of Sikkim-Himalaya; being an account, botanical and geographical of the Rhododendrons recently discovered in the mountains of eastern Himalaya, from drawings and descriptions made on the spot, during a government botanical mission to that country, by Joseph Dalton Hooker... Edited by Sir W.J. Hooker

      London: Reeve, Benham, & Reeve, 1849-1851. Folio. (19 5/8 x 14 1/2 inches). Title with tinted lithographic vignette, 2 letterpress part titles, 1p. list of subscribers, 1p. preface to part II. Hand-coloured lithographic frontispiece and 29 fine plates, drawn on stone by John Nugent Fitch from drawings by J.D. Hooker, printed by Reeve, Benham & Reeve (12), Frederic Reeve (4) and Reeve & Nichols (14). Original oatmeal morocco-grained cloth, covers blocked with double fillet border, the flat spine lettered in gilt 'Rhododendrons of Sikkim-Himalaya.', g.e., contained within a modern brown cloth box, titled in gilt on black morocco lettering-piece on spine. A very fine copy of the rare second edition of this beautifully illustrated work on the wide-ranging but always elegant Rhododendron family - 'An important work for both the botanist and horticulturalist since it contains descriptions and plates of many of the best Rhododendron species...and an account of their discovery' ('Great Flower Books') The Rhododendrons of the Himalayas amply demonstrate the adaptable nature of the plant kingdom: the species described vary from ground hugging 'alpines', to small shrubs, climbers, large shrubs and trees. For example: of the thirty-two species illustrated and described by Hooker in this important monograph, eight are described as trees by Hooker and vary in height from the 'Rhododendron lanatum' (a small tree), to the magnificent 'R. Campbelliae' and 'R. barbatum' at around 40 feet.The beautiful plates are amongst the best examples of the work of Walter Hood Fitch (1817-1892), one of the greatest botanical artists of the nineteenth century. Fitch had attracted the attention of Sir William Hooker (1785- 1865) when he was working as an apprentice to a Glasgow firm of calico designers. `When Hooker was appointed Director of Kew Gardens, he carried his protégé south with him. That was in 1841: for the next fifty years Fitch remained at Kew, and his career is inseparably associated with those of Sir William and his son Joseph.' (Great Flower Books 1990, p.46). 'Fitch had the greatest competence of any botanical painter who has yet appeared in drawing the rhododendron' (Great Flower Books). 'In his lithographs he has captured the exuberant form and colour of these flowering shrubs.. Sometimes at the base of the plate, magnified views of the pistils, stamens and sections of the ovaries are presented. The first plate is unusually attractive because the plant... is shown in its native habitat, growing among the trunks of fallen trees against a hazy background of blue mountains.' (Oak Spring Flora). Fitch remained the chief (and usually sole) artist for the Botanical Magazine for forty-three years, producing over 9000 drawings including some of the most memorable images of his age. The plates are all based on J.D. Hooker's original drawings. Hooker spent several years exploring Sikkim, as well as parts of Nepal and Tibet. His field notes were sent to England from India to his father, Sir William Hooker, who edited the text for this work and contributed a preface giving an interesting overview of the discovery of the genus by western science. In addition to the many botanical discoveries that J.D. Hooker made during his exploration of the region, his 'observations on the geology and meteorology of Sikkim are still fundamental, and he explained the terracing of the mountain valleys by the formation of glacial lakes.' (DNB). A great many of the species of Rhododendron discovered and described here by Hooker were subsequently successfully introduced to western cultivation Cf. Blunt & Stearn The Art of Botanical Illustration p.264; cf. Bradley Bibliography II, p.676; Desmond The European Discovery of the Indian Flora p.144; cf. Great Flower Books (1990) p.101; cf. Nissen BBI 911; cf. Oak Spring Flora 104; cf. Stafleu & Cowan TL2 2969.

      [Bookseller: Donald Heald Rare Books ]
 21.   Check availability:     ABAA     Link/Print  


        Lophornis Regulus [Great-Crested Coquette]

      [London: by the Author, 1849-1887]. Hand-coloured lithograph by H.C. Richter, printed by Hullmandel & Walton. Heightened with gum arabic. Wove paper. Very good condition. 20 7/8 x 14 1/4 inches. A beautiful image, heightened with gold iridescence, from 'A Monograph of the Trochilidae or Family of Humming-Birds', John Gould's 'masterpiece, [which]... must ever remain a feast of beauty and a source of wonder... an incomparable catalogue and compendium of beauty' ('Fine Bird Books'). 'There is no one appreciative of the beauties of nature who will not recall... with delight the time when a live humming-bird first met his gaze. The suddenness of the apparition, even when expected, and its brief duration, are alone enough to fix the fluttering vision on the mind's eye.... The beautiful nests of humming-birds... will be found on examination to be very solidly and tenaciously built, though the materials are generally of the slightest - cotton-wool or some vegetable down and spider's webs' (Alfred Newton in 'The Encyclopedia Britannica 1911, vol. 13, p.887). The Hummingbird family includes members that are the smallest birds in the world. The largest measures no more than 8 1/2 inches and the smallest 2 3/8 inches in length. They are confined to the American continent and its islands, but are wide ranging within this limitation, with over 400 different species covering an area from the fuchias of Tierra del Fuego in the south to the althaea bushes of Toronto gardens in the north.The present image is from the work of which Gould himself was most proud. Hummingbirds remained a fascination for him throughout his professional life, as evidenced by his collection of 1500 mounted specimens, which were exhibited in the Royal Zoological Gardens in Regent's Park, London, in 1851 as part of the festivities surrounding the Great Exhibition. The exhibit proved a great success, with Queen Victoria and Prince Albert numbering among the 75,000 visitors. Cf. Anker 177; cf. Fine Bird Books (1990), p.101; cf. Nissen IVB 380; cf. Sauer 16 & 29; cf. Wood p. 365; cf. Zimmer p. 258.

      [Bookseller: Donald Heald Rare Books ]
 22.   Check availability:     ABAA     Link/Print  


        "Ypperstepræsten" - "Tolderen" - "Synderinden", Tre Taler ved Altergangen om Fredagen. ["The Highpriest" - "The Publican" - "The Woman, which was a Sinner", Three Speeches at Communion on Friday].

      Kjøbenhavn [Copenhagen], 1849. 8vo. Cont. full cardboard-binding of black glitted paper w. single gilt lines to spine, all edges gilt (the typical gift-binding). On vellum-paper. Professionally rebacked, preserving part of the orig. spine (ab. 1/3). A bit of wear to extremities. Minor occasional brownspotting. Endpapers spotted, due to paper-quality. 42 pp.. First edition, presentation-copy, of Kierkegaard's "The Highpriest - The Publican - The Woman, which was a Sinner", which is part of Kierkagaard's upbuilding production, written and published under his own name. The original handwritten presentation is written on the front free end-paper, as usual, and is "Til/ Hr. Etatsraad Heiberg/ R. af D./ Med Ærbødighed/ fra/ Forf." [For /Mr. Councillor of State Heiberg/ R. of D. (i.e. Knight of Dannebrog)/ With reverence/ from/ the author]. This copy was one of four presentation-copies exhibited at the memorial exhibition of Kierkegaard at the Royal Library of Copenhagen in 1955. See Søren Kierkegaard, Mindeudstilling, nr. 108.The three Communion-speeches are theologically centered around the meaning of substitution, the dialectic of self-delusion and the transformation of the subject by conversion. Johan Ludvig Heiberg (1791-1860) was the main cultural figure of the 19th century in Denmark. He hugely influenced all of Danish culture within this period, and he must be considered the patron of Copenhagen's literati. He was very influential as a thinker in general, and he changed Danish philosophy seminally by introducing Hegel to the Northern country. As thus there is no doubt as to the rôle that Heiberg directly or indirectly played in the life of Kierkegaard, and this is a presentation-copy that links together two of the giants of Danish culture. Kierkegaard viewed himself as somewhat of an outsider, and it was of great importance to him to try and enter the famous literary and cultural circle of Heiberg. Søren Kierkegaard, the father of existentialism, became of seminal importance to not only Danish thought, but worldwide, as one of the most important thinkers of his time. He seminally influenced the fields of philosophy, theology, psychology and literature, and not only did he found what is known as existentialism and attempt to renew Christian faith with Christendom, with his influential and controversial critiques of Hegel and the German romantics, he also changed the course of philosophy of the second half of the 19th century.Himmelstrup 120

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
 23.   Check availability:     Antikvariat     Link/Print  

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