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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1832

        On the Economy of Machinery and Manufactures.

      London, Charles Knight, 1832. Small 8vo. Orig. full brown cloth with gilt lettering on back. Spine ends frayed, hinges slightly weakening. A small nich at upper spine end, and a small nich in middle of back at hinge. Corners a bit bumped. Engraved Titlepage (with portrait of Roger Bacon). XVI,320 pp. and (2) pp. of advertisements. The engraved title (on heavy paper) with brownspots. Otherwise internally fine and clean.. First edition of perhaps Babbage's main work, written during the years in which he worked on his "Difference Engine", the forrunner of calculation machines and the modern computer."The book is at once a hymn to the machine, an analysis of the development of machine-based production in the factory, and a discussion of social relations in industry...The Economy of Manufactures was an immediate success, selling 3,000 copies on was at one translated into French..into German, both translations being published 1833...throughout the world the book had much effect, becoming the "locus classicus" of the discussion of machinery and manufactoring....Babbage stands alone: the great ancestral figure of computing." (Anthony Hyman in Charles Babbage. Pioneer of the Computer)

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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      Svenskt pantheon. 1-5 (häfte 1-18). Stockholm, P. G. Bergs förlag, 1832-36. 16:o. 96 s.+ 4 litogr. planscher; 96 s.+ 4 litogr. planscher; 93,+ (1) s.+ 4 litogr. planscher; 96 s.+ 4 litogr. planscher; 96 s.+ 3 litogr. planscher; 96 s.+ 5 litogr. planscher; 96 s.+ 3 litogr. planscher; 96 s.+ 3 litogr. planscher; 96 s.+ 5 litogr. planscher, varav en utvikbar; 95 s.+ 3 litogr. planscher; 96 s.+ 6 litogr. planscher; 96 s.+ 3 litogr. planscher, varav en utvikbar; 102 s.+ 4 litogr. planscher; 120 s.+ 4 litogr. planscher; 86 s.+ 4 litogr. planscher; 95 s.+ 4 litogr. planscher; 124 s.+ 4 litogr. planscher; 134 s.+ 4 litogr. planscher; 95 s.+ 4 litogr. planscher; 96 s.+ 4 litogr. planscher. Enstaka småfläckar. Häfte ett med ett minimalt hål genom s. 88 med paginaförlust; häfte 2 med reva på s. 93-94. Blyertsanteckningar i Thorildkapitlet i 14:e delen. Samtida hfrbd med guldornerade ryggar med röda resp. beige titel- och deltiteletiketter. blå stänksnitt. Fem volymer. Femte bandet minimalt avvikande i dekor, och det första bandet med blekt etikett. Ur Ludwig W:son Munthes bibliotek, med hans exlibris. Allt som utkom, med totalt 80 porträtt och bilder. Mycket trevlig samling av biografier och berättelser med porträtt, av bl.a. Carl Bernhard Wadström, Petrus Forsskål, Elias Brenner, Thomas Thorild, Jacob Jonas Björnståhl, Erik Dahlberg, Pehr Hörberg, Samuel Ödmann m.fl., m.fl. Innehåller även en lång följetång om Gustav Vasas äventyr. Ludwig W:son Munthe (1849-1937) är kanske mest känd för verket "Kungl. Fortifikationens historia"

      [Bookseller: Centralantikvariatet]
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        Experimental researches in electricity. 1st - 30th series, plus supplement to the 11th series. 31 extracts from the Philosophical Transactions (1832-56).London: 1832-56.

      First editions. A fine complete set of Faraday's epochal papers on electricity, as they originally appeared in the Philosophical Transactions over 24 years. Dibner 64 [29 parts]; Evans 39 [1st paper]; PMM 308 and Horblit 29 (both citing the later book-form edition). <br/><br/> Between 1832 and 1856, Faraday published a series of 30 papers (or 'series') entitled 'Experimental researches in electricity,' in which his major discoveries relating to electricity and magnetism were first announced to the world. The first 29 of these papers were collected and published in three volumes between 1839 and 1855; the 30th paper, published in 1856, never appeared in book form. The wealth of material in these papers is impossible to summarize adequately in a few paragraphs, but we highlight some of the major contributions.<br/><br/> The 'First series' of the 'Experimental researches,' published in 1832, is Faraday's single most important scientific paper: it reports his discovery of the means for generating electricity by electro-magnetic induction and his invention of the dynamo. "... it was impossible to realize at the time the revolution in man's life that would be worked by future developments of this apparatus [the dynamo]. . . . From this simple laboratory toy was to come the whole of the electric power industry and the benefits to everyone that have followed upon the ability to transport electricity to even the smallest village or farm. Faraday did realize that here was a possible source of cheap electric current, but he was too immersed in discovery to think of pursuing the practical aspects... The story is told that Sir Robert Peel, the Prime Minister, visited Faraday in the laboratory of the Royal Institution soon after the invention of the dynamo. Pointing to this odd machine, he inquired of what use it was. Faraday is said to have replied, 'I know not, but I wager that one day your government will tax it'." (L. Pearce Williams, Michael Faraday, pp. 195-6). <br/><br/> The 'Second series' of the 'Experimental researches,' which deals with terrestrial electromagnetic induction and the force and direction of electromagnetic induction generally, is of almost equal importance to the 'First series,' as it represents the birth of the field concept. Through his experiments, Faraday had made the surprising discovery that the lines or curves of force generated by a magnet are independent of their source. "... in the same paper [i.e., the 'Second series'] in which Faraday had noted the independence of the magnetic lines of force, he also introduced a new concept. This was the idea of the field of force generated in time and extending progressively through space. . . . For the next thirty years [Faraday] was to search for essentially two things: the way in which electric and magnetic forces were transmitted through space, and the relation between these forces and ponderable matter. It is no exaggeration to say that a fundamentally new way of looking at physical reality was introduced into science in this Second Series of the Experimental Researches. Hitherto all that had been really attended to was the effects of forces acting upon matter. Henceforth, the problem of the way in which the force was transmitted between particles of matter or even through empty space was to loom ever larger. Out of the successive answers given by Faraday, James Clerk Maxwell and Albert Einstein was to emerge modern field theory" (ibid., pp. 204-6). <br/><br/> Series 3, 5 and 7 are concerned with the identity of different forms of electricity and with electrolysis. "In the summer of 1832 Faraday appeared to go off on a tangent, with an investigation into the identity of the electricities produced by the various means then known. His commitment to the unity of force led him to believe that the electricities produced by electrostatic generators, voltaic cells, thermocouples, dynamos and electric fishes were identical, but belief was no substitute for proof... in the course of this investigation Faraday was to be led to the laws of electrolysis and, more important, to challenge the concept of action at a distance" (Pearce Williams in DSB IV: 535). <br/><br/> Series 19, 20 and 21 describe Faraday's discovery of diamagnetism and the 'Faraday effect', the rotation of the plane of polarization of light caused by the application of an external magnetic field aligned in the direction which the light is moving.."The last, and in many ways the most brilliant, of Faraday's series of researches was stimulated by the quite specific comments of one of the few people who thought his theory of electricity worthy of serious attention. On 6 August 1845, William Thomson, the future Lord Kelvin, addressed a lengthy letter to Faraday, describing his success with the mathematical treatment of the concept of the line of force. At the end of the letter Thomson listed some experiments to test the results of his reasonings on Faraday's theory, and it was this that pushed Faraday once more into active scientific research. One of Thomson's suggestions was that Faraday test the effect of electrical action through a dielectric on plane-polarized light ...<br/><br/> "The effect predicted by Thomson was one which Faraday had been seeking to detect since the 1820's, but with no success. Thomson's belief that it should exist reinforced Faraday's, and he returned to the laboratory to find it. As in the 1820's, his search was fruitless, but this time, instead of abandoning his search, he altered the question he put to nature. His own work in the 1830's had illustrated the convertibility of electrical and magnetic force. The failure to detect an effect of electrical force on polarized light might only reflect the fact that electrical force produced a very small effect which he could not detect. The force of an electromagnet was far stronger and might, therefore, be substituted in order to make the effect manifest. <br/><br/> "On 13 September 1845 his efforts finally bore fruit. The plane of polarization of a ray of plane-polarized light was rotated when the ray was passed through a glass rhomboid of high refractive index in a strong magnetic field. The angle of the rotation was directly proportional to the strength of the magnetic force and, for Faraday, this indicated the direct effect of magnetism upon light ... The fact that the magnetic force acted through the mediation of the glass suggested to Faraday that magnetic force could not be confined to iron, nickel and cobalt, but must be present in all matter. No body should be indifferent to a magnet, and this was confirmed by experiment. Not all bodies reacted in the same way to the magnetic force. Some, like iron, aligned themselves along the lines of magnetic force and were drawn into the more intense parts of the magnetic field. Others, like bismuth, set themselves across the lines of force and moved toward the less intense areas of magnetic force. The first group Faraday christened 'paramagnetics'; the second, 'diamagnetics'." (ibid., 538). <br/><br/> Jeffreys, Michael Faraday, A list of his lectures and published writings (1960), 187, 191, 207, 215, 218, 220-21, 227, 234, 241, 273, 277, 279-80, 285, 299, 313, 341, 371, 381, 384, 394, 398, 427.. 4to, variously paginated, 14 plates as called for. Various sizes, but more than half of the extracts are uncut and partially unopened. Title pages and contents leaves of all the relevant volumes are bound in with the extracts. Each extract in modern wrappers with facsimile labels; preserved in a morocco-backed clamshell box with gilt spine lettering. Minor foxing and light browning, otherwise fine

      [Bookseller: Sophia Rare Books]
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        Cartes-de-visite of 1000 Mile Tree, Weber Canyon, Utah [And:] unidentified Western railroad view

      (RAILROADS) 2-1/2 x 4 inches. . Mounted; about fine with some spotting . British-born Charles Savage (1832-1909) came to New York in the 1850's and after being introduced to Mormonism and photography, moved to Salt Lake City. In partnership with George M. Ottinger (1833-1917) he was one of the most successful photographers West of the Mississippi, specializing in Rocky Mountain landscapes, life on the plains, and Salt Lake City and Mormonism related images. "During the partnership, Savage, worked as field man, preferring the out-of-doors. Throughout the remainder of the nineteenth century he was the best-known photographer between the Mississippi and Texas. His photograph of the joining of the Central Pacific and Union Pacific railroads at Promontory is among the most celebrated documentary photographs of the American West" (Collector's Guide to Nineteenth Century Photographs, 62). Savage's studio burned in 1883, destroying most of his prints and negatives. Savage images are accordingly scarce The 1000 Mile Tree marks the length of the Union Pacific Railroad, traveling west from Omaha, Nebraska

      [Bookseller: James Cummins Bookseller ]
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