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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1832

        A Description of the Genus Pinus, with directions relative to the cultivation, and remarks on the uses of the several species: also descriptions of many other new species of the family Coniferæ

      London: Messrs. Weddell, 1832. 2 volumes, octavo. (10 5/8 x 6 5/8 inches). Stipple-engraved portrait frontispiece of the author with integral engraved caption beneath incorporating hand-coloured Lambert family arms, 75 engraved plates (72 hand-coloured, 1 printed in green, 2 uncoloured, 11 folding) with at least 41 of these plates laid down onto backing sheets (as issued). Expertly bound to style in red straight-grained half morocco over contemporary green/grey paper-covered boards, the flat spines divided into six compartments by single gilt fillets, lettered in gilt in the second, third and fourth compartments, gilt. A fine copy of the first octavo edition of Lambert's great work on the pine trees of the world. The earliest edition of Lambert's important monograph was published in two large folio volumes between 1803 and 1824. It then appeared in various formats with varying numbers of plates, including the present octavo edition, until the Bohn folio issue of 1842. Lowndes notes that the fine plates in the octavo edition are made up from "sections of some of the plates" from the larger folio work and new versions of other plates. The fine plates retain much of the power of their larger folio cousins. Stafleu tacitly agrees with Great Flower Books assessment of this book as one of the most bibliographically complex of all natural history works when he notes that "All copies show differences": this copy in addition to having three or four more plates than the accepted norm, is also (like the de Belder copy) without the appendix leaves which are found at the end of some copies. Irish-born William Russell Grace, co-founder of W.R Grace and Co., was an American success story who rose from relative poverty to be one of the richest men in the country. He was also a noted philanthropist and served two terms as Mayor of New York. Henrey III, 923; Great Flower Books (1990) p. 111; Harvard Catalogue of the Library of the Arnold Arboretum p.409; Lowndes II, p.1302; Nissen BBI 1126; Pritzel 5010; Stafleu & Cowan II, 4146.

      [Bookseller: Donald Heald Rare Books]
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        Pompeiana. The Topography, Edifices and Ornaments of Pompeii, the Result of Excavations Since 1819

      ONT> ONT>, 1832 Book. Very Good. Hardcover. Following the excavations of Pompeii since 1819 this is ahistory of the antiquities of Pompeii, detailing the topography, edifices and ornamentscompiled by Sir William Gell. Illustrated with numerousengraved plates, two hand colouredplates to volume one,vignettes, some tipped in,and plans. In two volumes complete. The city of Pompeii is a partially buried Roman town-city near modern Naples in the Italian region of Campania, in the territory of the commune of Pompeii. Along with Herculaneum, Pompeii was partially destroyed and buried under 4 to 6mof ash and pumice in the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in AD 79. Pompeii was lost for nearly 1700 years before its rediscovery in 1748. Since then, its excavation has provided an extraordinarily detailed insight into the life of a city during the Pax Romana. Sir William Gell (1777 - 1836) was an English classical archaeologist and illustrator. His numerous drawings of classical ruins and localities, executed with great detail and exactness, are preserved in the British Museum. Gell was a thorough dilettante, fond of society and possessed of little real scholarship. Nonetheless his topographical works became recognised text-books at a time when Greece and even Italy were but superficially known to English travellers. His best-known work is Pompeiana; the Topography, Edifices and, Ornaments of Pompeii, published between 1817 and 1832. It was followed in 1834 by the Topography of Rome and its Vicinity. He also wrote Topography of Troy and its Vicinity; Geography and Antiquities of Ithaca; Itinerary of Greece, with a Commentary on Pausanias and Strabo; and Itinerary of the Morea. Although these works have been superseded by later publications, they continue to provide valuable information for the study of classical topography. He is, together with his friends Edward Dodwell and Keppel Richard Craven, by some modern scholars seen as the founder of the study of the historical topography of the hinterland of Rome. His works and notebooks proved very valuable for the topographical studies done by Thomas Ashby at the beginning of the 20th century. Condition: Handsomely rebound inquarter cloth bindings with paper covered boards. Externally, in a lovely condition with only minor shelfwear and very slight marks to boards. Internally, volume one is firmly bound, volume two, generally firmly bound although strained in one place. Bright but with slight foxing and tidemarks to plates. Overall: VERY GOOD INDEED.

      [Bookseller: Rooke Books]
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        The Principles of Astronomy. Part I. Containing Plane Astronomy

      London:: Cambridge: Printed by J. Smith...sold by T. Stevenson, Cambridge and Longman and Co., London,, 1832 PRESENTATION COPY: Inscribed on the front free end-papers: "Sir JOHN HERSCHEL with the author's compts," Dr. Sydney Ross's Copy. Part I only (Part II published separately in 1833), 8vo, ix (ii blank), [i] errata, 248 pp. Engraved illustrations and woodcut diagrams within the text. Occasional light spotting; repaired tear to title page. Original navy blue cloth, extremities bumped, spine slightly faded, paper label on spine. Entirely uncut and unopened. PRESENTATION COPY & with the Herschel Collingwood stamp at the head of the title & of page 1. FIRST EDITION. In his Preface the author states that he has taken "much curious information" from the Philosophical Transactions, more particularly from the papers of Sir W. Herschel. Sir John Herschel [1792 - 1871]. Sir John Herschel was a scientist and astronomer like his father, Sir William Herschel [ who discovered the planet Uranus] . In 1809 he entered the University of Cambridge; in 1812 he submitted his first mathematical paper to the Royal Society, of which he was elected a fellow the following year. An accomplished chemist, Herschel discovered the action of hyposulfite of soda on otherwise insoluble silver salts in 1819, which led to the use of "hypo" as a fixing agent in photography. In 1839, independently of William Henry Fox Talbot, Herschel also invented a photographic process using sensitized paper. It was Herschel who coined the use of the terms photography, positive, and negative to refer to photographic images. In 1820 Herschel became a founding member of the Royal Astronomical Society. From 1833 until 1838, his astronomical investigations brought him and his family to the Cape of Good Hope in South Africa, where he met Julia Margaret Cameron, who became a lifelong friend. In 1850 Herschel was appointed master of the Mint, but he resigned six years later due to poor health. His remaining years were spent working on his catalogs of double stars and of nebulae and star clusters. From the library of noted scholar, Dr. Sydney Ross, Emeritus Professor of Colloid Science, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, with his elegant small gilt & crimson bookplate on the front pastedown. In his later years, amongst other projects, he compiled the Catalogue of the Libraries of Sir William Herschel, Kt. & Sir John F.W. Herschel, Bart. A meaningful double association copy $2750. Signed by Author. First Edition.

      [Bookseller: TBCL The Book Collector's Library]
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        Ornithological Biography, or an account of the habits of the birds of the United States of America; accompanied by descriptions of the objects represented in the work entitled The Birds of America, and interspersed with delineations of american scenery and manners

      Vol. I: Philadelphia: E. L. Carey and A. Hart, 1832; vol.II: Boston: Hilliard, Gray and Company, 1835; vol.III: Edinburgh: Adam and Charles Black [and others], 1835 [but with New York 1836 copyright slip pasted onto the half-title]. Volumes I-III (of 5), octavo. (10 1/4 x 6 1/4 inches). Half-titles, 16pp. prospectus to 'The Birds of America' at the end of vol.I. (Some old dampstaining to volumes I and II). Uniform near- contemporary black half morocco over marbled paper-covered boards, spines in five compartments with semi-raised bands, lettered in the second and fourth compartments (extremities scuffed, inner hinges strengthened with cloth at an early date, vol.III lacking the front free endpaper). Very rare inscribed copies of American editions or issues of the first volumes of Audubon's textual accompaniment to his 'Birds of America': the provenance is particularly important as it recalls the friendship between Audubon and Nathaniel Bowditch, another great self-made scientist. Volume I is the second issue of what Ellis describes as "a separate American edition of volume I of this famous work." The first issue was published in 1831 with a different imprint. This issue is made up from the sheets of the first issue with an updated title. According to Zimmer, "it differs in some particulars from the Edinburgh edition. Some of the wording of the introduction is altered; that of the general text appears the same with minor changes in punctuation and the correction of at least one error ... The letterpress is parallel, to a considerable degree, line for line, but there are many places where differences exist ... The sixteen pages of advertising at the close of the volume consist of a prospectus of the folio, 'Birds of America,' with a list of the one hundred plates in vol.I of that work and the year of publication of each plate. Extracts from the reviews and a list of [180] subscribers are added'' (Zimmer pp.19-20). Volume II was published in Boston, and described by Ellis as a "second edition of volume II ... the only American edition of that volume, and the only edition of any volume bearing a Boston imprint.'' Volume III was published in Edinburgh, but marketed in the United States as the pasted-on copyright slip demonstrates. This is a close as it is possible to get to a US edition/issue of vols.III-V of the Ornithological Biography, as there were no US printed editions of these volumes. The provenance of these volumes is particularly appropriate. Both Audubon and Nathaniel Bowditch rose to the top of their chosen fields by their own efforts. Despite relatively humble beginnings, Bowditch showed a genius for mathematics and an interest in maritime trade, a combination which, when allied with a flair for business, translated into a successful and productive life in many fields. He is today perhaps best remembered for his The New American Practical Navigator (first published in 1802). Audubon had evidently known Bowditch for some time before the present volumes were inscribed, but the probable background to the inscriptions is as follows. Audubon had arrived in Boston from New York on business, on 20 September 1836. His visit was productive: he procured a number of specimens, made contact with friends (including Nathaniel Bowditch), visited individuals and institutions in Boston (and nearby) who were potential subscribers, and met Daniel Webster and Washington Irving (both of whom gave him letters of introduction). On the 27th September 1836, the date of the inscriptions in the present volumes, Audubon recorded in his journal that John Quincy Adams delivered a eulogy on President Madison during the day, and that in the evening he (Audubon) attended a dinner hosted by the President of the Natural History Society, Dr. B.C. Green. It was possibly here that Audubon took the opportunity to inscribe the present volumes. The inscriptions are sincere and show Audubon's admiration for Bowditch. There are slight variations between the three volumes, but the wording of the inscription in vol.III is typical: "To / Nathl. Bowditch Esq / with the best wishes and high / esteem of his friend & servant / John J Audubon / Boston Sepr. 27th 1836" Nathaniel Bowditch lived for only another 18 months, and these books subsequently passed into the possession of his son Henry Bowditch, who signed them on each title and again on each front pastedown. The style of the bindings, together with the fact that one of the original Audubon inscriptions is shaved suggests that it was possibly Henry who had the books bound. Dr. Henry Bowditch was also a figure of note, who is today best known as an ardent anti-slavery campaigner. Cf. Anker 18; cf. Fries Double Elephant Folio, Appendix F "Editions of Audubon's Prospectus", p.389; Mengel/Ellis 98 & 99 ('A separate American edition of volume I of this famous work'); cf. Howes A-389; Wood p.208; Zimmer p.19

      [Bookseller: Donald Heald Rare Books]
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        Diccionario de la lengua castellana [Academicos que han fallecido desde el año de 1822; Suplemento de algunas voces omitidas en el Diccionario; Fe de Erratas]

      Madrid, en la Imprenta Real, 1832., 1832. Book. Good. Hardcover. 5th or later Edition. Séptima edición. ; 3 p. l., 788, [1] p. 32 cm ; LCCN: 10-25978 ; LC: PC4625 ; OCLC: 10937098 ; text in three columns ; full marbled leather calf, title in gold on red leather, gold banding ; marbled end papers ; steel engraving of the emblem of the Real Academia Española by Blas Ametller Rotllan (1768-1841) and M. C. Maré, with inscription "Limpia, Fija y da Esplendor" ; damp stain on lower portion and gutter of title page ; fore-edge in red ; stamps of the Ministerio de Relaciones Interiores y Esteriores (de España) throughout ; a rare copy of a book from the library of Roland A. Steiner (1840-1906), a Georgia physician, planter, folklorist, and amateur archaeologist, whose excavation of the Etowah mounds near Macon, Georgia, form the core of the largest collection of artifacts from a single individual to have been donated to the Smithsonian ; with his bookplate ; "During the latter half of the 19th century and into the early part of the 20th century, Roland collected a massive quantity of prehistoric artifacts from areas throughout Georgia; including Mound C at the Etowah Mound site near Cartersville, Georgia and sites in Burke, Columbia, Floyd, Hancock, and several other counties. He became a member of the Georgia Historical Society on July 7, 1886, the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 1899 and the Society of American Folklore in the same year. In his lifetime, Roland collected more than 100,000 Native American relics from Georgia and South Carolina. Throughout the 1890s and early part of the 1910s, Steiner sent approximately 78,000 artifacts including copper axes, copper headdresses, conch shell cups and gorgets, pearl beads, pottery vessels, pottery statuettes, and other artifacts made of polished and chipped stone to the Smithsonian Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C. His private collection at the Smithsonian is the largest private collection in the museum. Steiner also has collection of artifacts located at the American Museum of Natural History in New York, New York and the Field Museum in Chicago, Illinois." ; "Dr. Steiner has been, for about three years, at intervals, making deposits of aboriginal implements and objects in the National Museum. His collection amounts now to approximately 75,000 objects. They have been gathered by him in eastern Georgia, principally in Columbia and Burke Counties, though there is a very important collection made by himself from the Etowah Mounds in Bartow County...Not the least inconsiderable portion of Dr. Steiner's collection, nor that of least value, is the result of his own excavation at the Etowah Mounds or, as they have been known, the Tumlin Mounds on the plantation of Col. Tumlin, Etowah Creek, Bartow County. These are probably the most renowned mounds of which we know, and have produced the rarest and most curious objects... It appears to me of the highest necessity that we should retain the objects from this mound that belong to Dr. Steiner, to the end that they may supplement the collection of Prof. Thomas. I would consider it almost an irreparable loss, one not to be calculated in dollars and cents, if the objects belonging to Dr. Steiner should be taken away and the collection from the Etowah Mound broken up. The purchase of this collection from Dr. Steiner will materially facilitate the complete excavation of the Etowah Mounds and insure to the Museum the possession of their riches in its entirety."--Thomas Wilson, Curator, Division of Prehistoric Anthropology, January 19, 1898. ; contributors included Nicasio Juan Gallego (1777-1853), Francisco Maria Raynouard, Taver John Nicols, Marie-Charles-Joseph Pougens (1755-1833), Jacob Pontusson De la Gardie, Robert Southey (1774-1843), Guy Arnault, Felix Torres Amat (1772-1857), Joseph del Castillo, Jose Maria Zuaznavar y Fracia, Alberto Rodríguez de Lista y Aragón (1775-1848), Romanillos Benito Ortega, Manuel López Cepero y Ardila (1778-1858), and others ; G, scarce .

      [Bookseller: Joseph Valles - Books]
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        Vignetter til danske Digtere.

      Original udgave. Kbhvn. 1832. 45 s. Heftet eksemplat med de originale bogtrykte omslag bevaret. Gennemgående svagt plettet. Gl. navn på omslag.. Sjælden i denne tilstand. BFN 174

      [Bookseller: Peter Grosell's Antikvariat]
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        Red-capped Parrakeet. Platycercus Pileatus. (female)

      Handsome lithographic print with original hand color from "Illustrations of the Family of Psittacidae or Parrots", published in London in 1832. 10 x 16" image size on paper 14 x 21".Very slightly dusty o/w very good condition.

      [Bookseller: Antipodean Books, Maps & Prints ]
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        Black Kite. Milvus ater

      London: [by the Author, 1832-1837]. Lithograph, coloured by hand, by Edward Lear, printed by C. Hullmandel. Very good condition apart from some minor foxing. 21 5/8 x 14 3/8 inches. 1 7/8" Curly Maple frame, with dark amber finish. Frame size: 30 1/8 x 22 3/4 inches. A beautiful image from John Gould's "The Birds of Europe": a work which, according to Hyman, "included some of the most remarkable bird drawings ever made." This plate is from the second of John Gould's great ornithological portfolios. Gould undertook this work not only hoping to build on the success of his first work (on the birds of the Himalaya Mountains), but also in an effort to redress the imbalance between the study of local and foreign ornithology. It was his opinion that too much attention had focused on the exotic, while the beauty of the more local species was ignored. He wrote in the preface to the work from which this image comes: 'It has been frequently remarked that the productions of distant countries have received a much larger share of attention than those objects by which we are more immediately surrounded; and it is certainly true, that while numerous and costly illustrations have made us acquainted with the Ornithology of most other parts of the world, The Birds of Europe, in which we are, or ought to be, more interested, have not received that degree of attention which they naturally demand. The present work has been undertaken to supply that deficiency."The images in this work are the first to be published by Gould that show the liveliness of treatment that was to become such a feature of later works. This break from the traditional methods of bird depiction can be largely attributed to the influence of and contributions from Edward Lear: "They are certainly among the most remarkable bird drawings ever made, [for] it is evident that Lear endowed them with some measure of his own whimsy and intelligence, his energetic curiosity, his self-consious clumsiness and his unselfconscious charm." (Hyman) Cf. Anker, 169; cf.Balis, 101; cf.Fine Bird Books (1990), p. 102; cf. Nissen, IVB, 371; cf. Sauer, 2; cf. Zimmer, p. 251.

      [Bookseller: Donald Heald Rare Books ]
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        A Treatise on the Law of Executors and Administrators. In Two Volumes

      First edition of Vaughan Williams' classic treatise, still in print, and a "great work" in Holdsworth's words, further observing that "[t]he author shows a mastery of all the authorities on his subject, from the sixteenth century onwards". Contemporary calf, rebacked, quite rubbed and scraped and some foxing, yet a good usable set. Saunders and Benning, Law Booksellers . . . 43, Fleet Street, London, 1832.

      [Bookseller: Meyer Boswell Books, Inc.]
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        Commentaries on the Law of Bailments, With Illustrations from the Civil and the Foreign Law. Cohen 2451

      First edition of Story's first commentary, as he began his effort to establish an American applied legal science, "[s]uperbly organized, lucidly written, comprehensive in breadth [and] rang[ing] from the Codes of Justinian to the American frontier". Modern speckled calf, gilt, some foxing and browning and the occasional marking and notation, but a good copy. Hilliard and Brown, Booksellers to the University, Cambridge, 1832.

      [Bookseller:  Meyer Boswell Books, Inc.]
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        The Radical: An Autobiography. By the Author of "The Member, "The Ayrshire Legatees", etc. etc.

      London, 1832 A lovely contemporary full calf binding with Gilt spine, gilt and blindstamped border-ornamentations and gilt armorial centre-piece to boards. Some wear to extremities and hinges. Nice and tight. Internally very nice and clean, with only occasional, very light minor brownspotting.. The scarce first edition of one of the main works of John Galt, the first political novelist in the English language. Althought the name "Gohn Galt" is now primarily associated with the main character of Ayn Rand's modern political classic "Atlas Shrugged", the "real" John Galt (1779-1839) was one of the best known Scottish political and social novelists of the 19th century. Like Rand's John Galt, he too was an entrepeneur, greatly active in political and social issues. Because he was the first novelist to deal with issues of the industrial revolution, he has been called the first political novelist in the English language."The Radical" is a study of religion, politics and law in the local boroughs of Scotland during the transitional late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. As several of his other novels, it is concerned with the effects of change upon communities and upon the social institutions that shape those communities. The work is famous for its, prosaic studies, that are, however, far from dry, and Galt's storytelling is known to be characterised by wit and humour.Together "The Radical" and "The Member" (also 1832) make up what John Galt himself calls "the Reform", as he states in his autobiography, "they serve to illustrate, by the by, the sagicity of the trade, for they are thought to have too much a seeming of truth, and the sale of them has not been satisfactory. [...]The Radical [...] is deduced from principles and feelings coeval with human nature. It seems to me that the Radicals of our time forget that we are living in society for the benefitsof which we have surrendered a portion of our natural rights. The work in consequence turns on supposing, that what our natural feelings prompt must therefore be what we are entitled to do and to enjoy, forgetting altogether how much the social ties restrain the exercise of natural rights. But although some of my friends think the two works clever and philosophical, and although, on the Continent they have attracted more attantion than any other product of my pen, they have almost been still-born here. [...]." (John Galt, The Literary Life and Miscellanies of John Galt, 1834, pp. 318-19). John Galt was born in Irvine as the son of a sea captain who traded with the West Indies. In 1789 the family moved to Greenock and much of Galt's fiction draws from the localities of the west coast of Scotland where he spent his youth. John Galt was possessed of a pragmatic as well as an imaginative turn of mind. He had a keen interest in business and politics and always maintained that he regarded writing as a secondary profession. From 1796 - 1804 Galt worked as a junior justice clerk in Greenock before setting off for London on a sudden impulse of restless ambition. Here he studied political economy and commercial history and practise but failed to really make his mark on the business world despite several promising ventures.Around the age of twenty-four Galt began writing. He experimented in verse but was an inferior poet. Several of his essays, however, were published and this writing at this time demonstrates his early interest in politics and the colonies, particularly Canada which had long captured his imagination.In 1809 Galt spent a period of time travelling on the Mediterranean and it was here that he made his acquaintance with Lord Byron who was to become the subject of his acclaimed biography The Life of Byron in 1830. In 1811 he returned to London, his commercial aspirations disappointed and turned to journalism as a means of making money. At 34, he married the daughter of his literary patron, Alexander Tilloch. It was at this time too that Galt gained his experience of the workings of Parliament as a lobbyist for the Edinburgh-Glasgow canal. These experiences were to be formative in Galt's later political career in Canada and were also to inform his later political novels, The Radical and The Member.Despite critical and commercial success, Galt had not abandoned his business aspirations. In 1824 Galt became actively involved in political campaigning on behalf of the Canadian colony and two years later left for Canada leaving the manuscript for The Last of the Lairds with his publisher. During the years 1827-29 Galt developed the virgin territories of the Canadian colony and founded the townships of Guelph and Goderich. For Galt, the Canadian project was the realisation of his most profound ambitions. But he was to fall foul of colonial bureaucracy and was eventually forced to return to Britain in 1829 under charges of debt and placed in prison.Having returned to Britain, John Galt began writing again, and in 1832 he produced two of his most famous works, "The Radical" and "The Member", for which he is primarily remembered today

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        A Dictionary of the English Language.

      2 volumes. Intended to exhibit I: The Origin and Affinities of every English Word, as far as they have been ascertained. with its primary Signification, as now generally established; II: The Orthography and the Pronunciation of Words, as sanctioned by reputable Usage, and where this Usage is devided, as Determinable by a Reference to the Principle of Analogy; III: Accurate and discriminating Definitions of technincal and scientific Terms, with numerous Authorities and Illustrations. Reprinted by E.H. Barker, Esq. pf Thetford, Norfolk, from a Copy communicated by the Author, and containing many Manuscript Corrections and Additions. Published by Black, Young and Young, London 1832. Large quarto volumes. No pagination. Two contemporary halfleather bindings of calf. A bit of wear and cracks to the leather of the spines and corners, and some foxing to the first and last pages. Besides that a very nice and largely unread copy.. First British edition of Webster's groundbreaking dictionary, preceding Websters own second edition from 1840 with 8 years. ** Websters Dictionary did not only expand the number of words in English from Dr. Johnson's 58.000 entries to 70.000 entries, but also started the special American orthography, in which words were spelled more closely to their pronunciation, i.e. "color" instead of "colour".*** There cannot have been much sale in this British edition: The strife between England and the rebellous American colony was by no means over at this point - the British had burned The White House only 18 years prior, so the British probably weren't too keen on deserting their beloved Dr. Johnsons dictionary and way of spelling for the new American style. It probably didn't help on the salesfigures that the new dictionary was crucified in the London Quarterly Review as being "a decided failure; and is throughtout conducted on perverse and erroneous principles"

      [Bookseller: Vangsgaards Antikvariat]
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        On the Economy of Machinery and Manufactures.

      London, Charles Knight, 1832. Small 8vo. Orig. full brown cloth with gilt lettering on back. Spine ends frayed, hinges slightly weakening. A small nich at upper spine end, and a small nich in middle of back at hinge. Corners a bit bumped. Engraved Titlepage (with portrait of Roger Bacon). XVI,320 pp. and (2) pp. of advertisements. The engraved title (on heavy paper) with brownspots. Otherwise internally fine and clean.. First edition of perhaps Babbage's main work, written during the years in which he worked on his "Difference Engine", the forrunner of calculation machines and the modern computer."The book is at once a hymn to the machine, an analysis of the development of machine-based production in the factory, and a discussion of social relations in industry...The Economy of Manufactures was an immediate success, selling 3,000 copies on was at one translated into French..into German, both translations being published 1833...throughout the world the book had much effect, becoming the "locus classicus" of the discussion of machinery and manufactoring....Babbage stands alone: the great ancestral figure of computing." (Anthony Hyman in Charles Babbage. Pioneer of the Computer)

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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      Svenskt pantheon. 1-5 (häfte 1-18). Stockholm, P. G. Bergs förlag, 1832-36. 16:o. 96 s.+ 4 litogr. planscher; 96 s.+ 4 litogr. planscher; 93,+ (1) s.+ 4 litogr. planscher; 96 s.+ 4 litogr. planscher; 96 s.+ 3 litogr. planscher; 96 s.+ 5 litogr. planscher; 96 s.+ 3 litogr. planscher; 96 s.+ 3 litogr. planscher; 96 s.+ 5 litogr. planscher, varav en utvikbar; 95 s.+ 3 litogr. planscher; 96 s.+ 6 litogr. planscher; 96 s.+ 3 litogr. planscher, varav en utvikbar; 102 s.+ 4 litogr. planscher; 120 s.+ 4 litogr. planscher; 86 s.+ 4 litogr. planscher; 95 s.+ 4 litogr. planscher; 124 s.+ 4 litogr. planscher; 134 s.+ 4 litogr. planscher; 95 s.+ 4 litogr. planscher; 96 s.+ 4 litogr. planscher. Enstaka småfläckar. Häfte ett med ett minimalt hål genom s. 88 med paginaförlust; häfte 2 med reva på s. 93-94. Blyertsanteckningar i Thorildkapitlet i 14:e delen. Samtida hfrbd med guldornerade ryggar med röda resp. beige titel- och deltiteletiketter. blå stänksnitt. Fem volymer. Femte bandet minimalt avvikande i dekor, och det första bandet med blekt etikett. Ur Ludwig W:son Munthes bibliotek, med hans exlibris. Allt som utkom, med totalt 80 porträtt och bilder. Mycket trevlig samling av biografier och berättelser med porträtt, av bl.a. Carl Bernhard Wadström, Petrus Forsskål, Elias Brenner, Thomas Thorild, Jacob Jonas Björnståhl, Erik Dahlberg, Pehr Hörberg, Samuel Ödmann m.fl., m.fl. Innehåller även en lång följetång om Gustav Vasas äventyr. Ludwig W:son Munthe (1849-1937) är kanske mest känd för verket "Kungl. Fortifikationens historia"

      [Bookseller: Centralantikvariatet]
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        Experimental researches in electricity. 1st - 30th series, plus supplement to the 11th series. 31 extracts from the Philosophical Transactions (1832-56).London: 1832-56.

      First editions. A fine complete set of Faraday's epochal papers on electricity, as they originally appeared in the Philosophical Transactions over 24 years. Dibner 64 [29 parts]; Evans 39 [1st paper]; PMM 308 and Horblit 29 (both citing the later book-form edition). <br/><br/> Between 1832 and 1856, Faraday published a series of 30 papers (or 'series') entitled 'Experimental researches in electricity,' in which his major discoveries relating to electricity and magnetism were first announced to the world. The first 29 of these papers were collected and published in three volumes between 1839 and 1855; the 30th paper, published in 1856, never appeared in book form. The wealth of material in these papers is impossible to summarize adequately in a few paragraphs, but we highlight some of the major contributions.<br/><br/> The 'First series' of the 'Experimental researches,' published in 1832, is Faraday's single most important scientific paper: it reports his discovery of the means for generating electricity by electro-magnetic induction and his invention of the dynamo. "... it was impossible to realize at the time the revolution in man's life that would be worked by future developments of this apparatus [the dynamo]. . . . From this simple laboratory toy was to come the whole of the electric power industry and the benefits to everyone that have followed upon the ability to transport electricity to even the smallest village or farm. Faraday did realize that here was a possible source of cheap electric current, but he was too immersed in discovery to think of pursuing the practical aspects... The story is told that Sir Robert Peel, the Prime Minister, visited Faraday in the laboratory of the Royal Institution soon after the invention of the dynamo. Pointing to this odd machine, he inquired of what use it was. Faraday is said to have replied, 'I know not, but I wager that one day your government will tax it'." (L. Pearce Williams, Michael Faraday, pp. 195-6). <br/><br/> The 'Second series' of the 'Experimental researches,' which deals with terrestrial electromagnetic induction and the force and direction of electromagnetic induction generally, is of almost equal importance to the 'First series,' as it represents the birth of the field concept. Through his experiments, Faraday had made the surprising discovery that the lines or curves of force generated by a magnet are independent of their source. "... in the same paper [i.e., the 'Second series'] in which Faraday had noted the independence of the magnetic lines of force, he also introduced a new concept. This was the idea of the field of force generated in time and extending progressively through space. . . . For the next thirty years [Faraday] was to search for essentially two things: the way in which electric and magnetic forces were transmitted through space, and the relation between these forces and ponderable matter. It is no exaggeration to say that a fundamentally new way of looking at physical reality was introduced into science in this Second Series of the Experimental Researches. Hitherto all that had been really attended to was the effects of forces acting upon matter. Henceforth, the problem of the way in which the force was transmitted between particles of matter or even through empty space was to loom ever larger. Out of the successive answers given by Faraday, James Clerk Maxwell and Albert Einstein was to emerge modern field theory" (ibid., pp. 204-6). <br/><br/> Series 3, 5 and 7 are concerned with the identity of different forms of electricity and with electrolysis. "In the summer of 1832 Faraday appeared to go off on a tangent, with an investigation into the identity of the electricities produced by the various means then known. His commitment to the unity of force led him to believe that the electricities produced by electrostatic generators, voltaic cells, thermocouples, dynamos and electric fishes were identical, but belief was no substitute for proof... in the course of this investigation Faraday was to be led to the laws of electrolysis and, more important, to challenge the concept of action at a distance" (Pearce Williams in DSB IV: 535). <br/><br/> Series 19, 20 and 21 describe Faraday's discovery of diamagnetism and the 'Faraday effect', the rotation of the plane of polarization of light caused by the application of an external magnetic field aligned in the direction which the light is moving.."The last, and in many ways the most brilliant, of Faraday's series of researches was stimulated by the quite specific comments of one of the few people who thought his theory of electricity worthy of serious attention. On 6 August 1845, William Thomson, the future Lord Kelvin, addressed a lengthy letter to Faraday, describing his success with the mathematical treatment of the concept of the line of force. At the end of the letter Thomson listed some experiments to test the results of his reasonings on Faraday's theory, and it was this that pushed Faraday once more into active scientific research. One of Thomson's suggestions was that Faraday test the effect of electrical action through a dielectric on plane-polarized light ...<br/><br/> "The effect predicted by Thomson was one which Faraday had been seeking to detect since the 1820's, but with no success. Thomson's belief that it should exist reinforced Faraday's, and he returned to the laboratory to find it. As in the 1820's, his search was fruitless, but this time, instead of abandoning his search, he altered the question he put to nature. His own work in the 1830's had illustrated the convertibility of electrical and magnetic force. The failure to detect an effect of electrical force on polarized light might only reflect the fact that electrical force produced a very small effect which he could not detect. The force of an electromagnet was far stronger and might, therefore, be substituted in order to make the effect manifest. <br/><br/> "On 13 September 1845 his efforts finally bore fruit. The plane of polarization of a ray of plane-polarized light was rotated when the ray was passed through a glass rhomboid of high refractive index in a strong magnetic field. The angle of the rotation was directly proportional to the strength of the magnetic force and, for Faraday, this indicated the direct effect of magnetism upon light ... The fact that the magnetic force acted through the mediation of the glass suggested to Faraday that magnetic force could not be confined to iron, nickel and cobalt, but must be present in all matter. No body should be indifferent to a magnet, and this was confirmed by experiment. Not all bodies reacted in the same way to the magnetic force. Some, like iron, aligned themselves along the lines of magnetic force and were drawn into the more intense parts of the magnetic field. Others, like bismuth, set themselves across the lines of force and moved toward the less intense areas of magnetic force. The first group Faraday christened 'paramagnetics'; the second, 'diamagnetics'." (ibid., 538). <br/><br/> Jeffreys, Michael Faraday, A list of his lectures and published writings (1960), 187, 191, 207, 215, 218, 220-21, 227, 234, 241, 273, 277, 279-80, 285, 299, 313, 341, 371, 381, 384, 394, 398, 427.. 4to, variously paginated, 14 plates as called for. Various sizes, but more than half of the extracts are uncut and partially unopened. Title pages and contents leaves of all the relevant volumes are bound in with the extracts. Each extract in modern wrappers with facsimile labels; preserved in a morocco-backed clamshell box with gilt spine lettering. Minor foxing and light browning, otherwise fine

      [Bookseller: Sophia Rare Books]
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        Cartes-de-visite of 1000 Mile Tree, Weber Canyon, Utah [And:] unidentified Western railroad view

      (RAILROADS) 2-1/2 x 4 inches. . Mounted; about fine with some spotting . British-born Charles Savage (1832-1909) came to New York in the 1850's and after being introduced to Mormonism and photography, moved to Salt Lake City. In partnership with George M. Ottinger (1833-1917) he was one of the most successful photographers West of the Mississippi, specializing in Rocky Mountain landscapes, life on the plains, and Salt Lake City and Mormonism related images. "During the partnership, Savage, worked as field man, preferring the out-of-doors. Throughout the remainder of the nineteenth century he was the best-known photographer between the Mississippi and Texas. His photograph of the joining of the Central Pacific and Union Pacific railroads at Promontory is among the most celebrated documentary photographs of the American West" (Collector's Guide to Nineteenth Century Photographs, 62). Savage's studio burned in 1883, destroying most of his prints and negatives. Savage images are accordingly scarce The 1000 Mile Tree marks the length of the Union Pacific Railroad, traveling west from Omaha, Nebraska

      [Bookseller: James Cummins Bookseller ]
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