viaLibri Requires Cookies CLICK HERE TO HIDE THIS NOTICE

Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1820

        Gesamtansicht, "Ansicht von Badenweiler".

      - Aquatinta ( in Sepia ) n. u. v. Follenweider ( Druck H. Schweizer ) b. Herder in Freiburg, um 1820, 21 x 28,8 Schefold, Nr. 21176; Schefold, Zyklen, S. 796.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Nikolaus Struck]
 1.   Check availability:     ZVAB     Link/Print  


        Oeuvres dramatiques de N. Destouches

      New edition with commentary by Voltaire and judgments of La Harpe.Binders half black shagreen with corners, back with four nerves decorated with fine double black boxes, slight traces of rubbing on some minor back, flat black cardboard paper, some corners lightly bumped, bookplate pasted on contreplats.Illustrated book of Pierre Corneille portrait frontispiece of the twelfth and final volume.Some foxing.Provenance: Library of Robert Liston Banks with engraved bookplate an adhesive on contreplats. L. Tenré Paris 1820 13x21cm 6 volumes reliés

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
 2.   Check availability:     Direct From Seller     Link/Print  


        Langley's ROBINSON CRUSOE. Coloured. Price Sixpence.

      [8] leaves, printed on one side only, the first and last pastedowns to the wrappers, each page bearing hand-coloured engravings with text above and below, and with a running alphabet throughout. Original printed wrappers. Spine and a few short tears restored; little worn at corners, else a very good copy. One from a series issued by Langley that all exhibit this publisher's characteristic flair for bold design and colouring.

      [Bookseller: David Miles]
 3.   Check availability:     Direct From Seller     Link/Print  


        A Voyage in the West Indies: containing various observations made during a residence in Barbadoes, and several of the leeward islands; with some notices and illustrations relative to the city of Paramarabo, in Surinam. FROM "New Voyages and Travels."

      London. Sir Richard Phillips. 1820. Map, black and white aquatint engravings, 106+xii pp, 8 1/2 x 5 1/2 inches, modern cloth-covered boards with gilt lettered spine and cover labels.Very good condition. This account was published in Sir Richard Phillips "New Voyages and Travels," and includes the Index to Volume II. The frontispiece map is of the "Caribbee or Leeward Islands." The six exquisite aquatints are of "Carlisle Bay and Bridge Town Baradoes," "Slaves in Barbadoes," "A Spanish Planter of Porto Rico," "City of Paramarino, Surinam," "Indian Implements," "A Chief of the Bosjesmans or Bush Negroes on a Visti to the Governor of Paramaribo."

      [Bookseller: oldimprints.com]
 4.   Check availability:     Direct From Seller     Link/Print  


        Ivanhoé, ou le retour du croisé

      - ChezNicolle, A Paris 1820, In-12 (11x18,7cm), (4) iij, 246pp. ; (4) 264pp. et (4) 239pp. ; (4) 263pp., 4 tomes en 2 volumes reliés. - French Edition, rara, ha portato Defaucompret citato come: "Il traduttore dei racconti di mio ospite." Leganti in periodo di cartone mattone alla Bradel collegati direttamente brochure e non tagliati. Torna liscio decorato con reti. Come il dolore pezzo marrone. Torna un po 'assottigliato. Attrito. morsi di sole. - [FRENCH VERSION FOLLOWS] Edition originale française, rare, traduite par Defaucompret, cité comme : "Le traducteur des Contes de mon hôte". La toute première édition anglaise date de 1819. Préface du traducteur. Reliures en cartonnage d'époque brique à la Bradel relié directement sur brochure et non rogné. Dos lisse orné de filets. Pièce de titre de chagrin brun. Dos légèrement éclaircis. Frottements. Piqûres éparses.  Premier grand roman historique de Scott se déroulant au Moyen âge mettant en scène Richard Coeur de Lion et Jean sans terre et faisant parti de la série des Waverley Novels. Ivanhoé eut une influence certaine sur la génération romantique, non seulement dans la littérature, mais dans l'expression artistique en général (musique, peinture). L'oeuvre précède de 11 années le roman de Hugo se déroulant également au Moyen âge, Notre-Dame de Paris. La plus célèbre adaptation cinématographique demeure celle de 1952 avec Robert Taylor et Elisabeth Taylor. NB : Cet ouvrage est disponible à la librairie sur demande sous 48 heures.

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
 5.   Check availability:     maremagnum.com     Link/Print  


        Nouvelle collection de costumes suisses des XXII cantons. D´après les dessins de Mr. F. Koenig, Lory et d´autres. Neue Sammlung von Schweizertrachten aus den XXII Cantonen. Nach Zeichnungen von F. N. König, Lory und Andern.

      Zürich, Orell, Füssli und Comp., o. J. (1820) Kl.8° (10.5 x 7.5 cm), frz. Titelbl., dt. Titelbl., 2 Bl. Verlagsanzeigen, 223 S., 60 handkolorierte Taf. (Umrissradierungen mit Aquatinta), OLdr. d. Zt., m. Goldpräg., Rückenschild u. Rundum-Goldschnitt, Rücken min. aufgehellt, stellenweise min. berieben; sehr gutes, frisches u. breitrandiges Ex. Text frz./dt. «Auf jeder [Tafel] ist eine einzelne Person in der typischen Kleidung einer Talschaft oder einer grösseren Region der Schweiz dargestellt. Verschiedene Figuren lassen sich auf die ursprünglichen Vorlagen von Königs früheren Trachtenserien zurückführen. Andere sind Kopien nach Werken von G. M. Lory. J. M. Usteri und G. Volmar» (Anna Rapp. im Vorwort zum Reprint Zürich. 1980). Der Reprint beiliegend. Versand D: 20,00 EUR Mode Helvetica - Allgemein

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Peter Petrej]
 6.   Check availability:     buchfreund.de     Link/Print  


        Beschreibung der Alterthümer in Trier und dessen Umgebungen aus der gallisch-belgischen und roemischen Periode.

      Trier, Leistenschneider Wwe. 1820 - 2 Teile in 2 Bänden. 21 x 13 cm (Text-), 23 x 19 cm (Tafelband). Gestochener Titel, Drucktitel zu Teil 1, 11 Bl. (Widmung, Subskribenten, Vorrede, Inhaltsverz.), 54 S., Drucktitel zu Teil 2, 176 S., 1 Blatt Corrigenda, mit einigen gestochenen Vignetten; 27 meist gefaltete Kupferstich-Tafeln, num. I-VII und I-XX. Pappbände, der Tafelband zeitgenössisch, der Textband neu. Titelblatt zu Teil 1 faksimiliert. Kupfertitel angestaubt und vollständig hinterlegt, rechte untere Ecke beschnitten. Beim Textband nur wenige Bl. fleckig, meist frisch. Tafelband angestaubt, Ecken bestossen. Die Tafeln teils etwas fleckig, meist jedoch sauber, lediglich die 3 letzten Bl. mit Wasserrand. Drucktitel zu Teil 1 faksimiliert, sonst vollständig mit allen Tafeln. Karl Friedrich Quednow (1780-1836), seit 1799 im Dienst der preußischen Staatsverwaltung und seit 1816 Regierungs- und Baurat bei der Regierung des Bezirks Trier, war dort auch zuständig für die Denkmalpflege und den Aufbau einer Regierungssammlung von Altertümern (in der Porta Nigra, heute meist Landesmuseum). Seltenes Standardwerk mit Kupferstichen u.a. der Porta Nigra, des Amphitheaters, der Römerbrücke, der Igeler Säule. Die mehrfach gefaltete Karte (ca. 30 x 39 cm) zeigt die Umgebung von Trier mit der Mosel von Igel bis Pfalzel und dem Ruwertal bis Waldrach.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Peter Fritzen]
 7.   Check availability:     ZVAB     Link/Print  


        I. Memoires sur l'action mutuelle de deux courants electriques. II. Suite du Mémoire sur l'Action mutuelle entre deux courans électriques, entre un courant électrique et un aimant ou le globe terrestre, et deux animans.

      Paris: Crochard, 1820. 1st Edition. Hardcover. 8vo - over 7¾ - 9¾" tall. In: Annales de Chimie et de Physique, vol. 15, 1820, pp. 59-76, 170-218. Including 5 engraved plates. Paris: Crochard, 1820. 8vo (201x125 mm). Whole volume: 448 pp., including half title. Contemporary half calf with gilt spine and old shelf mark paper label to spine (little wear to extremities, spine rubbed, hinges cracked at head), sprinkled edges. Title page with old library stamp and shelf mark in manuscript. Internally fresh with only little occasional spotting and very minor age-toning. Provenance: Lycee Imperiale de Lille. Good copy, collated complete. ----Dibner 62; Sparrow 8; Norman 43; DSB I, p.143; Wheeler Gift 762. - Like Oersted, Ampere was a devoted follower of Kant who constructed his own Kantian philosophical system. Ampere's philosophy postulated "two levels of knowledge of the external world ... phenomena, presented to us directly through the senses, and noumena, the objective causes of phenomena" (DSB); this determined the form of his scientific discoveries, of which the most important were his discoveries in electrodynamics, beginning in the fall of 1820. Fascinated by Oersted's demonstration of the existence of electromagnetism, which had been reported by Francois Arago to an astonished Academie des Sciences on September 4, 1820, Ampere immediately set out to determine through his own experiments the exact relationship of electrical current-flow and magnetism. He read his first report to the Academie des Sciences on September 18, 1820. In the present paper, his "first great memoir on electrodynamics" (DSB), probably written soon after November 6, the latest session of the Academic that is mentioned, Ampere describes the series of "classical and simple" experiments with which he first explored the interaction of two electric currents and of electric currents with magnets as well as with the earth's magnetic field. "He demonstrated for the first time that two parallel conductors, carrying currents traveling in the same direction, attract each other; conversely, if the currents are traveling in opposite directions, they repel each other" (Sparrow, Milestones of Science, p. 33). His experiments provided empirical evidence for his new theory of magnetism as "electricity in motion." (DSB). Very Good.

      [Bookseller: Milestones of Science Books]
 8.   Check availability:     Direct From Seller     Link/Print  


        De la folie. Considérations sur cette maladie : son siége et ses symptômes; la nature et le mode d'action de ses causes; sa marche et ses terminaisons; les différences qui la distinguent du délire aigu; les moyens de traitement qui lui conviennent; suivies de recherches cadavériques.

      Paris, Crevot, 1820. ____ Première édition de l'ouvrage majeur d'Etienne Georget (1795-1828), qui fera sa renommée. Ce disciple d'Esquirol, mort à trente-trois ans de phtisie, compte parmi les grandes figures de l'histoire de la psychiatrie. Il isole le domaine de la psychiatrie de celui du trouble mental consécutif à des affections organiques. Il donne par ailleurs, plus de précision à la classification nosographique de Pinel. Charnières frottées. *****. In-8. Collation : X, 511 pp. Demi-basane brune, dos à nerfs orné. (Reliure de l'époque.).

      [Bookseller: Hugues de Latude]
 9.   Check availability:     Direct From Seller     Link/Print  


        A Treatise of Equity. With the Addition of Marginal References and Notes, By John Fonblanque, Esq. Barrister at Law. Fifth Edition, Corrected, with Considerable Additions. Two Volumes [complete]

      London: Printed for J. & W.T. Clarke, Law Booksellers [etc.], 1820. Contemporary calf, lightly rubbed a bit of foxing, but a superior set, once that of George Essell, with extensive notations in early hands throughout The final edition of the first systematic work on modern equity, begun by Henry Ballow in 1737 and then elaborately glossed and revised by John Fonblanque, "bec[oming] an instant classic", winning fame for Fonblanque and making his reputation

      [Bookseller: Meyer Boswell Books, Inc.]
 10.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        Teilansicht, Ruine "Streitberg".

      - Lithographie v. Cogels, vor 1820, 19,5 x 28 Winkler, Inkunabeln der Lithographie, Nr. 130 / 45.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Nikolaus Struck]
 11.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        Teilansicht, Ruine "Wertheim".

      - Lithographie v. Cogels, vor 1820, 19,5 x 28 Winkler, Inkunabeln der Lithographie, Nr. 130 / 33.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Nikolaus Struck]
 12.   Check availability:     ZVAB     Link/Print  


        EXPERIMENTS ON THE EFFECT OF A CURRENT OF ELECTRICITY ON THE MAGNETIC NEEDLE in Annals of Philosophy, Volume XVI

      Printed by C. Baldwin for Baldwin, Cradock & Joy, London 1820 - The first edition in English of Oersted's magnum opus (pp. 273-276), preceded by a small Latin pamphlet (Experiemnta circa effectum conflictus electici in acum magneticum) also published in 1820. This work laid the foundation for the subsequent revolution in physics with the work of Michael Faraday following soon after and later Clerk Maxwell's theory of electromagnetic radiation. Within a few months of the original Latin publication, the paper was translated into several languages. Oersted himself realized the importance of an English translation as attested to by the note at the beginning of this paper: "Translated from a printed account drawn up in Latin by the author, and transmitted by him to the Editor of the Annals of Philosophy." ".[Oersted] had predicted the existence of the electro-magnetic effect as early as 1812 . He set out to deduce from the nature of electricity the conditions under which it was converted to magnetism, and to prove their existence by experiment . In the winter of 1819-1820, he placed a magnetic needle parallel to a current carrying wire and saw the needle was disturbed. Resuming the experiments the summer of 1820, Oersted ascertained that a circular magnetic field surrounded current carrying wire, and that a magnetic needle brought into this field would set itself tangent to the circle. Oersted's discovery opened up a new epoch in the history of physics." (Norman 1606). Octavo. The original marbled-paper covered boards have been expertly rebacked with a brown calf spine, which is accompanied by a green morocco spine label and elegant gilt stamping. Just a hint of foxing to the contents. The armorial bookplate of Henry Godfrey Godfrey Faussett Osborne appears on the front pastedown. The top edge is dust stained. Some general rubbing to the marbled paper; otherwise very good. Dibner 61; Printing and the Mind of Man 282. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: johnson rare books & archives, ABAA]
 13.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        Experimenta circa effectum, etc. Expériences sur l'effet du conflict électrique sur l'aiguille aimantée, pp. 417-425.

      Paris: Crochard, 1820. 1st Edition. Hardcover. "8vo - over 7¾ - 9¾"" tall" "In: Annales de chimie et de physique, par MM. Gay-Lussac et Arago. 8vo (210x135 mm). Whole volume 14 bound with vol. 13, 448 pp. and 3 plates. Contemporary half leather with gilt spine and two labels, somewhat rubbed. Small Jesuit rubber stamp to title pages. A fine copy. ----PMM 282, Dibner 61, Sparrow 152, Norman 1606 (all citing private print); DSB X, 185. First French edition of Oersted's Latin paper. ""The 'Experimenta...' opened a new epoch in the history of physics. From it followed the creation of electrodynamics by Ampère and Faraday's 'Experimental Researches in Electricity'"" (DSB)." Near Fine.

      [Bookseller: Milestones of Science Books]
 14.   Check availability:     Direct From Seller     Link/Print  


        The Village Minstrel, and Other Poems. Volumes 1 & 2. [and] Poems Descriptive of Rural Life and Scenery

      London Printed for Taylor and Hessey, Fleet Street; and E. Drury, Stamford. [through 1821] 1820 Three volumes in one: First Edition of Village Minstrel (vols. 1 & 2); Second Edition of Poems. 12mo: xxviii,216; [8],211,[1]; viii,xxiv,220pp, with copper-engraved frontispiece portrait of John Clare by E. Scriven. Early half calf and marbled boards, flat spine in six compartments divided by double rules, black leather lettering piece gilt, marbled end paper, book plate of collector George Downing Hartley on front paste down. Light wear to extremities, previous owners' names on front fly leaf (dated 1948) and title page (1821); very occasional light spotting, else an excellent example, tight, clean and bright. Lowndes 466 (Regarding Poems: "An interesting little volume."). Hayward, p. 236. Near Fine+ ¶ Clare was the son of a farm laborer who came to be known for his celebratory representations of the English countryside and his lamentation of its disruption. His poetry underwent a major reevaluation in the late 20th century, and he is often now considered among the most important 19th-century poets. His "first volume of poetry, Poems Descriptive of Rural Life and Scenery (1820), was the most popular of the four volumes Clare published during his lifetime, going through four editions by 1821 and selling more than 3,500 copies by 1829 . . . [The collection] contains some seventy poems, organised under three headings: poems, songs and ballads, and sonnets. As the title suggests, the poems generally describe rural life but they do so from the perspective of the rural labourer; as such, they may be seen as part of a genre of anti-pastoral verse in Britain that attempted to provide a more faithful depiction of rural life than was found in 'traditional' pastorals. . . . The two-volume collection The Village Minstrel, and Other Poems (1821) was the Northamptonshire Peasant Poet's second publication. The collection is divided into two sections: 'Poems', which makes up the first volume and part of the second, comprises seventy-one poems of various forms, opening with the long, semi-autobiographical 'The Village Minstrel'; the second section, which ends the second volume, is made up of sixty sonnets. Like their predecessors, the poems in The Village Minstrel are broadly 'descriptive of rural life and scenery'. Clare presents vignettes of rural work and leisure, describing the daily life of the village ('Rural Morning' and 'Rural Evening'), its pastimes ('Rustic Fishing'), and important weekly and annual events in the village's calendar ('Sunday' and 'May Day'). These are supplemented by close observations of plants, animals and the effects of seasonal change on the landscape in poems like 'A Copse in Winter', 'Description of a Thunder-Storm', 'To an early Cowslip', and 'The Ants'

      [Bookseller: Fine Editions Ltd]
 15.   Check availability:     Direct From Seller     Link/Print  


        Historical Account of Discoveries and Travels in Asia, from the Earliest Ages to the Present Time.

      Edinburgh: Archibald Constable; London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, etc., 1820. 3 vols, 8vo, later tan full polished calf, green and red morocco labels, gilt decorations and lettering. Four folding maps. Half-titles present in vols 2 & 3. ¶ A history of the exploration of all of Asia by Westerners, beginning with Alexander, together with a first-hand account of the present (1820) conditions. Murray (1779-1846) was a prominent geographer and historian, his most famous work (his magnum opus - DNB) being the Encyclopedia of Geography (1834). Ink signature of "Chas. P. Motsch / Kandahar / New Years Day / 1951" on the front paste-downs. Motsch was stationed in Afghanistan after World War II and later taught English in Kabul and Kandahar. Binding rubbed; maps foxed; very good copy.

      [Bookseller: Brick Row Book Shop]
 16.   Check availability:     Direct From Seller     Link/Print  


        The History of the Town and County of the Town of Galway, From the Earliest Period to the Present Time, Embellished with Several Engravings .

      Dublin: Printed By W. Folds and Sons, 1820. First Edition. - 4to. Half-calf & marbled boards. Rebound, the original spine laid down. xvi + 320 + lvi + 4 pp. Frontispiece & 10 plates, and three vignettes in the text. Ownership inscription of 1850 on a preliminary blank leaf, pen notation on title regarding the author's death, clippings from an 18th century newspaper tipped in at page 177. The frontispiece map has been mounted on linen cloth, and exhibits a few wrinkles and a repaired tear in the lower margin which affects "The" in the title. The large map at page 30 is incomplete: only the one-eighth portion which naturally lies within the covers is present, and that part backed with heavy paper, with some paper tape reinforcement on the rear (a reproduction of the entire map is present, measuring about 17 x 13 inches; the full map originally measured 19 x 21 inches). The large folding map at page 278 has had some tears repaired with archival tape, and has had the lower two-thirds backed with shiny white stock. The plates and maps all show moderate foxing and some offsetting, the foxing principally at the edges. A couple of the preface leaves have been torn across and repaired with some skill; the final preface leaf, containing a "Postscript concerning the Engravings", is present in a second copy, somewhat cropped, which is bound in after the preface. Seven blank leaves are bound in at the end. A few marginal stains, but otherwise a very good copy, internally quite fresh for the most part. The spine of the book has scrapes and small flaws. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Renaissance Books]
 17.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        The Genteel Recreation; or the Pleasure of Angling, A Poem. With a Dialogue betwen Piscatory and Corydon.

      Small 8vo., in full red morocco, boards with double gilt fillet and blind rules, central gilt rococco style cartouche of fish (from an known ornament for Thomas Gosden), spine with raised bands bordered in gilt and blind, lettered in gilt, gilt ruled turn-ins, all edges gilt. Printed thoughout on vellum. Second edition, after the very rare privately printed edition of 1700. Limited edition of "not more that 100 copies", this one of only 2 copies printed on vellum, with printed limitation thus on verso of title-page, and with an inserted sheet at the front with a manuscript note "Only two copies of this book printed on vellum expressly for Mr Simonds Higgs of Kensington and Mr T. Gosden of St. Martin's Lane" The appearance of the Gosden tool on the boards would suggest that this was the copy given to Thomas Gosden. However, in the sale catalogue for the library of noted bibliophile William Simonds Higgs (Sotheby's 1830), lot 58 comprised this work which sold for 3 guineas. Frustratingly the binding is not described but there is a note of a manuscript leaf that is identically worded to that in this copy. Each copy may have had matching manuscript leaves, or Gosden may have also bound Simonds Higg's copy. Whichever copy this is, it nonetheless is a real rarity, with a fine provenance coming from one of two important piscatorial libraries. The original 1700 edition is a noted rarity in the canon of fishing books, the last copy at auction fetching £20,000 in 2012.

      [Bookseller: Henry Sotheran Ltd.]
 18.   Check availability:     Direct From Seller     Link/Print  


        \"Le Chasseur\". Der Jäger beim Laden seiner Flinte, rechts zwei Jagdhunde, hinter ihm sein gesatteltes Pferd unter Bäumen.

       Aquatintaradierung von Louis Philibert Debucourt nach Carle Vernet, um 1820, 44 x 55 cm. Thieme-Becker Bd. VIII, S. 511 (Debucourt); Thieme-Becker Bd. XXXIV, S. 282. - Mit einer leichten, kaum sichtbaren Quetschfalte im rechten Bildbereich und kleinen hinterlegten Einrisse im weißen Rand. Versand D: 6,00 EUR Dekorative Graphik, Tiere

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Bierl]
 19.   Check availability:     buchfreund.de     Link/Print  


        Essai Géologique sur l'Écosse

      1820. Seven folding lithographed plates & two folding maps (one hand-colored). x, [2], 519, [4] pp. 8vo, orig. pink wrappers (quite restored & rebacked), uncut. Paris: Courcier, [1820]. First edition of the earliest geological account of Scotland. While a student at the University of Edinburgh, Boué (1794-1881), became interested in geology through the influence of his teacher, the mineralogist Robert Jameson. Boué's rambles throughout Scotland allowed him to form his own conclusions as to the origin and age of the many igneous rocks of that country. This work contains much original information. "Boué "distinguished very exactly between basaltic sheets and dykes, and described the various volcanic rocks petrographically. Although a student of Jameson, he attached himself to Hutton's part in regard to the origin of basalt, phonolite, trachyte, porphyry, and granite."-Zittel, p. 270. A very good copy, entirely uncut, of a scarce book, preserved in a morocco-backed slipcase. ❧ D.S.B., II, pp. 341-42. Geikie, The Founders of Geology, p. 264-"In many respects this remarkable work was far in advance of its time, particularly in regard to the views expressed in it regarding the trappean rocks.".

      [Bookseller: Jonathan A. Hill, Bookseller, Inc. ]
 20.   Check availability:     ABAA     Link/Print  


        Travels on the Continent: written for the use and particular information of travellers. FIRST EDITION.

      John Murray. 1820 Spotting to title & first few leaves. Sl. later half black calf, gilt spine, maroon morocco label. v.g.With an advertisement preceding the text that urges the reader to disregard alarming reports of criminal gangs infesting the highways and by-ways of continental Europe. Starke claims the maligned areas have 'long been exempt from so serious an evil'.

      [Bookseller: Jarndyce Rare Books]
 21.   Check availability:     Direct From Seller     Link/Print  


        Système analytique des connaissances positives de l'homme: restreintes à celles qui proviennent directement ou indirectement de l'observation.

      L'auteur & A. Belin February 1820, Paris - First edition, very rare, of Lamarck?s last book, important for containing his final thoughts on evolution. In this work Lamarck renounces the linear progression theory of species change propounded in his Philosophie Zoologique (1809) in favour of a branching tree theory much closer to that associated with Darwin some four decades later. ?Unwilling to endorse the idea that fossils represented species that had all become extinct as the result of a global catastrophe, he concluded that the forms had changed over time. Having once concluded that species are mutable, he then called upon the familiar idea of the inheritance of acquired characters to explain the close relation between habits and forms that, especially in the case of birds, had been a staple of naturalists? commentaries for decades ? He invoked what he called the ?power of life? or ?the cause which tends to make organization increasingly complex? to account for the general, linear series that in his view best represented how the different animal classes were related to each other ? [Stephen Jay] Gould describes how Lamarck?s decision to make separate classes of the annelid and parasitic worms led him over time to give up his original commitment to a linear arrangement of the different animal classes and to adopt a truly branching scheme instead. Gould indicates that in the very last of his publications [the offered work] Lamarck reversed his decades-long belief that the ?power of life? was greater than the influence of environmental circumstances, admitting to the contrary that the force of circumstances was ultimately stronger than nature herself ? Giving up his linear arrangement of living things for a strongly branching view of life?s development, and acknowledging that the influence of the environment had had a greater role in evolution than the ?cause which makes organization increasingly complex,? Lamarck showed his willingness to let the evidence of natural history be the final arbiter in determining the complex path nature had traced, over time, in bringing all the different forms of life into existence? (Burkhardt in DSB). KVK lists only nine copies (three each in France, Germany and UK).?Following his last and greatest treatise on the anatomy of invertebrate organisms, Lamarck published only one other major work ? Analytic System of Positive Knowledge About Man (1820). This rare book has not been consulted by previous historians who traced the development of Lamarck?s changing views on the classification of animals. Thus, traditional accounts stop at Lamarck?s 1815 revision, with its fundamental distinction between two separate lineages of spontaneous generation. The impression therefore persists that Lamarck never fully embraced the branching model, later exemplified by Darwin as the ?tree of life? ? with a common trunk of origin for all creatures and no main line of growth thereafter. Lamarck had compromised his original ladder of progress by advocating two separate origins, but he could continue to stress linearity in each of the resulting series.?But his 1820 book, although primarily a treatise on psychology, does include a chapter on the classification of animals ? and I discovered, in reading these pages, that Lamarck did pursue his revisionary path further, and did finally arrive at a truly branching model for a tree of life. Moreover, in a remarkable passage, Lamarck also recognizes the philosophical implications of his full switch by acknowledging a reversal in his ranking of natural forces in one of the most interesting (and honorable) intellectual conversions that I have ever read.?Lamarck still talks about forces of progress and forces of branching, and he does argue that progress will proceed along each branch. But branching has triumphed as a primary and controlling theme, and Lamarck now frames his entire discussion of animal taxonomy by emphasizing successive points of division. For example, consider this epitome of vertebrate evolution: ?Re [Attributes: First Edition]

      [Bookseller: SOPHIA RARE BOOKS]
 22.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        THE SCHOOL BOY. A Poem; By William Upton. With Coloured Engravings.

      [6] leaves, printed on one side only, each bearing a hand-coloured engraving, with engraved verse above and below. Original red wrappers with mounted label. Small chip to label; else a fine copy. Darton H1561.

      [Bookseller: David Miles]
 23.   Check availability:     Direct From Seller     Link/Print  


        THE FAKENHAM GHOST a true tale. Taken from Bloomfield's admired Rural Poems.

      16 pages each bearing an engraving with verse beneath; plates dated 1813. Original pictorial wrappers. Cover a little soiled; last leaf expertly repaired; but a very good copy of this popular children's book. This copy bears the signature of Mary Elliott on the inner cover and may well have belonged to the popular children's book writer. Her publisher was also William Darton. Darton H84(3). First published 1806.

      [Bookseller: David Miles]
 24.   Check availability:     Direct From Seller     Link/Print  


        Alphabet de L'Histoire des Animaux, orné de 27 gravures.

      Paris: Brianchon Libraire, circa 1820. Octavo, 6 pp., handcoloured engravings throughout; in original pictorial wrappers. Very early fully engraved Abecedaire for children containing a quaint illustration of the kangaroo derived from the classic image by George Stubbs. The rear cover has a particularly good depiction of the Creation (Adam is sporting particularly handsome side-burns), but the front is the more interesting image, with a view of the Ménagerie du Jardin du Roi in Paris. The Jardin du Roi was built in the seventeenth century, and was opened to a wide range of visitors by Louis XIV and the great natural historian Buffon was appointed director in 1739. In the 1790s, the garden became the Jardin des Plantes under the direction of Cuvier, and a famous repository of antipodean species.This scarce title is not held in Australian institutional collections, nor is it recorded in the Gumuchian catalogue. Slightly worn, otherwise a good copy.

      [Bookseller: Hordern House]
 25.   Check availability:     Direct From Seller     Link/Print  


        Carte de l'Océanic.

      Artist: Lapie Alexandre Emile ; issued in : Paris; date: 1820 - - technic: Copper print; colorit: colored; condition: Very good; size (in cm): 40 x 55 - description: map of Oceania - vita of the artist: Pierre M. Lapie (1779 ? 1850) was a French cartographer and engraver. He was the father of cartographer Alexandre Emile Lapie. Lapie was a Colonel in the French army, where he worked in the corps of topographical engineers. Lapie worked closely with his son and published works together and individually. The work of Lapie and his son was influential on German commercial map makers in the 19th century.

      [Bookseller: Antique Sommer& Sapunaru KG]
 26.   Check availability:     ZVAB     Link/Print  


        The NEW CYCLOPAEDIA [i.e., CYCLOPEDIA]; Or, UNIVERSAL DICTIONARY Of ARTS And SCIENCES: Formed Upon a More Enlarged Plan of Arrangement than the Dictionary of Mr. Chambers; Comprehending the Various Articles of that Work, with Additions and Improvements; Together with the New Subjects of Biography, Geography, and History; and Adapted to the Present State of Literature and Science. With the Assistance of Eminent Professional Gentlemen. Illustrated with New Plates, including Maps, Engraved for the Work by Some of the Most Distinguished Artists. Vols I - XXXIX (Complete).

      1st edition thus. London: Printed for T. N. Longman and O. Rees, No. 39 Paternoster-Row, 1802 - ~ 1820. 87 volumes total. (80 of the Cyclopaedia, 7 volumes of Plates). 7 volumes of plates, b/w engravings. Cyclopaedias: ~ 11-1/4" x 9". Plate Volumes: 11" x 8-3/4" Boards heavily worn and rubbed, edges bumped, and spines chipping. Some boards detached. Some volumes with previous owner signature penned to front board (B. Fulford?). Binding and paper age-toned (as one would expect with the ages of the titles), with the occasional stain & foxing. Withal, a Good, original, set, sold w.a.f.

      [Bookseller: Tavistock Books]
 27.   Check availability:     Direct From Seller     Link/Print  


        A Narrative of the Mission of the United Brethren among the Delaware and Mohegan Indians, From its Commencement in the year 1740 to the Close of the Year 1808

      Philadelphia: M'Carty & Davis, 1820. xii+[17]+429 page with engraved frontispiece portrait, errata leaf. Octavo (8 3/8" x 5 3/8") Bound in contemporary leather with gilt lettering to spine. (Field 678; Howes H392; Sabin 31205) First edition. John Heckewelder was born in Bedford, England and came to Pennsylvania in 1754. After finishing his education, he was apprenticed to a cooper. Following a visit to Ohio with Christian F. Post, a colonial agent, in 1762 he began temporary employment in the Moravian missions at Friedenshütten and Sheshequin, Pennsylvania. In 1771, he entered upon his actual career as an evangelist to the Indians, being appointed assistant to David Zeisberger, in Ohio, where he remained for fifteen years. In 1792, at the request of the Secretary of War, he accompanied Gen. Rufus Putnam to Post Vincennes to treat with the Indians. In 1793 he was again commissioned to assist at a treaty with the Indians of the lakes. In his book, Heckewelder explained the beliefs of the Delaware (Lenape), that the creator "made the Earth and all that it contains for the common good of mankind; when he stocked the country that he gave them with plenty of game, it was not for the benefit of a few, but of all; everything was given in common to the sons of men. Whatever liveth on the land, whatsoever groweth out of the Earth, and all that is in the rivers and waters was given jointly to all and everyone is entitled to his share. From this principle hospitality flows as from its source."[1] Between 1797 and 1800 he remained mainly in Ohio, and was for a time in the civil service, being a postmaster, a justice of the peace, and an associate justice of the court of common pleas. He settled at Gnadenhütten, Ohio, in 1801, and devoted himself to the duties of his agency. In 1810 he resigned and engaged in literary pursuits in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, until his death. Heckewelder studied the languages, manners, and customs of American Indians, particularly the Delawares. While a member of the American Philosophical Society, at Philadelphia, several of his contributions were published in their transactions. He also published Account of the History, Manners, and Customs of the Indian Nations who once inhabited Pennsylvania and the Neighboring States (Philadelphia, 1818; German translation, Göttingen, 1821; French translation, Paris. 1822); Narrative of the Mission of the United Brethren among the Delawares and Mohegan Indians (Philadelphia, 1820); and a collection of Names which the Lenni Lenape or Delaware Indians gave to Rivers, Streams, and Localities within the States of Pennsylvania. New Jersey, Maryland, and Virginia, with their Signification (1822). Many of his manuscripts are in the collections of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania.Condition:Ink name of Wm D Morgan to top of title page; inscription regards his ownership at top of p [17] (slightly shaved); old ink note regarding Morgan, and the book, laid in. Covers rubbed, front joint professionally repaired; some foxing and darkening to contents, bookplate, else very good.

      [Bookseller: The Book Collector ]
 28.   Check availability:     ABAA     Link/Print  


        Gesamtansicht

      - kol. Aquatinta v. ( Nilson ) n. Follenweider b. Herder in Freiburg, um 1820, 21 x 28,5 Schefold, Nr. 26915. - Allseitig bis zur Bildkante beschnitten.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Nikolaus Struck]
 29.   Check availability:     ZVAB     Link/Print  


        18th c. Italian Gilt Paper.

      Italy, 18th century. A full, unused sheet measuring 15 1/2 x 13. Eight religious figures are printed in gilt on a blue pastepaper ground. In the top row, Joseph (with the Christ child) and Mary are flanked by Jesus and Ecce Homo. Saints Peter, Matthew, Simon, and Sebastian fill the bottom row. Each figure is shown with his traditional iconography. Each is framed by a different archway and border. Some rubbing or flaking of the gilt along the perimeter; but most of the images are quite bright. Matted. These beautiful papers were created in Germany and Italy throughout the 18th century, until about 1820. Earlier papers were used as book covers; later, their use extended to endpapers. The papers were printed either by wood blocks or by engraved metal rollers, which covered the paper with sizing or paste. Gold was dusted onto the size; and, when the size dried, superfluous gold was brushed off. For raised gold, the size was thickened with yellow ochre or red lead. Some were colored by daubing or stenciling after gilding. Full, unused sheets are rare.

      [Bookseller: The Veatchs Arts of the Book]
 30.   Check availability:     Direct From Seller     Link/Print  


        LOT OF FIVE ENGRAVINGS. Thebes. Hypogees. Plates 51 through 55.

      Paris. Panckouke. Ca. 1820. LOT OF FIVE copper plate engravings (uncolored), images approx. 23 x 17 inches on sheets approximately 28 x 21 inches. Very good condition: light scattered foxing (mainly in outer margins). Publisher's blindstamp at top right. This lot of five very large, finely engraved images includes: plate 51 Momie de Femme. Momies de Chat et Autres Mammiferes., plate 52 Momies d'Ibis. Fragmens de Momies de Chacal qui Ont ete Dorees. Fragment de l'Enveloppe des Doigts d'Une Momie., plate 53 Momies d'Oiseaux., plate 54 Momies d'Oiseaux et Squelettes de Momies., and plate 55 Momies et Details de Crocodile, de Serpent et de Chien. All five plates are from Volume II of the Antiquities section of the monumental publication "Description de L'Egypte," which documented the research of the "savants" who accompanied Napoleon Bonaparte's ambitious expedition to Egypt (1798-1801). The full title, translated into English reads "Description of Egypt, or the collection of observations and research made in Egypt during the Expedition of the French Army" hinting at the varied purposes of this foray into the Middle East. The European demand for information about Egypt and its glorious monuments led to the publication of two editions of the work, with engravings pulled from the same printing plates; this is from the second edition, uncolored as issued. Shown are fragments of mummies, both human and animals, including birds, cats and crocodiles; the quality of the engraving powerfully evokes the splendor of these ancient objects.

      [Bookseller: oldimprints.com]
 31.   Check availability:     Direct From Seller     Link/Print  


        Plan de Philae. Plan General de l'Ile et de ses Environs.

      Paris. Panckouke. No date. Ca. 1820. Copper plate engraving (uncolored), image approximately 29 x 23 inches on sheet size 43 x 27 1/2 inches, centerfold as issued. Very good condition: light scattered foxing (mainly outside plate area), a few tears to upper and lower edge (well outside plate area). Publisher's blindstamp at top right. A beautiful engraved map showing the island of Philae with temples and other edifices and its situation in the Nile. This very large, finely engraved image is plate 1 from Volume I of the Antiquities section of the monumental publication "Description de L'Egypte," which documented the research of the "savants" who accompanied Napoleon Bonaparte's ambitious expedition to Egypt (1798-1801). The full title, translated into English reads "Description of Egypt, or the collection of observations and research made in Egypt during the Expedition of the French Army" hinting at the varied purposes of this foray into the Middle East. The European demand for information about Egypt and its glorious monuments led to the publication of two editions of the work, with engravings pulled from the same printing plates; this is from the second edition, uncolored as issued.

      [Bookseller: oldimprints.com]
 32.   Check availability:     Direct From Seller     Link/Print  


        Le Kaire. Vue Generale de la Ville des Tombeaux.

      Paris. Panckouke. Ca. 1820. Copper plate engraving (uncolored), plate area approximately 19 3/4 x 29 1/2 inches on sheet 28 x 43 inches. Scattered foxing heaviest in the lower left margin and scattered in the right side of the image, little paper loss to top edge (over 3 inches from plate mark). Publisher's blindstamp at top right. This large, finely engraved view is plate 61 from Volume I of the Modern State section of the monumental publication "Description de L'Egypte," which documented the research of the "savants" who accompanied Napoleon Bonaparte's ambitious expedition to Egypt (1798-1801). The full title translated into English reads "Description of Egypt, or the collection of observations and research made in Egypt during the Expedition of the French Army" hinting at the varied purposes of this foray into the Middle East. The European demand for information about Egypt, its glorious monuments and exotic culture led to the publication of two editions of the work, with engravings pulled from the same printing plates; this is from the second edition, uncolored as issued. Shown is a panoramic view of The City of Tombs.

      [Bookseller: oldimprints.com]
 33.   Check availability:     Direct From Seller     Link/Print  


        Thebes. Byban el Molouk. Plan Topographique de l'Extremite de la Vallee des Tombeaux des Rois.

      Paris. Panckouke. No date. Ca. 1820. Copper plate engraving (uncolored), image approximately 23 1/2 x 24 1/4 inches on sheet size 27 1/2 x 40 inches, centerfold as issued. Very good condition: light scattered foxing (mainly outside plate area). Publisher's blindstamp at top right. A double page image - a topographical map showing the Valley of the Kings and surrounding environs. This very large, finely engraved image is plate 77 from Volume II of the Antiquities section of the monumental publication "Description de L'Egypte," which documented the research of the "savants" who accompanied Napoleon Bonaparte's ambitious expedition to Egypt (1798-1801). The full title, translated into English reads "Description of Egypt, or the collection of observations and research made in Egypt during the Expedition of the French Army" hinting at the varied purposes of this foray into the Middle East. The European demand for information about Egypt and its glorious monuments led to the publication of two editions of the work, with engravings pulled from the same printing plates; this is from the second edition, uncolored as issued.

      [Bookseller: oldimprints.com]
 34.   Check availability:     Direct From Seller     Link/Print  


        Selseleh (Silsilis.) Vue des Grottes Taillees a L'Entree des Anciennes Carrieres.

      Paris. Panckouke. Ca. 1820. Copper plate engraving (uncolored), image approx. 17 x 25 inches on sheet approximately 21 x 28 inches. Very good condition: very light scattered foxing (mainly outside image area), a few short tears to edges (image not affected). Publisher's blindstamp at top right. This very large, finely engraved image is plate 47 from Volume I of the Antiquities section of the monumental publication "Description de L'Egypte," which documented the research of the "savants" who accompanied Napoleon Bonaparte's ambitious expedition to Egypt (1798-1801). The full title, translated into English reads "Description of Egypt, or the collection of observations and research made in Egypt during the Expedition of the French Army" hinting at the varied purposes of this foray into the Middle East. The European demand for information about Egypt and its glorious monuments led to the publication of two editions of the work, with engravings pulled from the same printing plates; this is from the second edition, uncolored as issued. Shown is a view of Royal Shrines hollowed out of the cliff at the entrance to the ancient quarries found at Silsilis (Silsila); the quality of the engraving powerfully evokes the splendor of this ancient sight.

      [Bookseller: oldimprints.com]
 35.   Check availability:     Direct From Seller     Link/Print  


        Ile de Philae. Vue Generale Prise du Cote du Nord Est.

      Paris. Panckouke. Ca. 1820. Copper plate engraving (uncolored), image approx. 17 x 23 inches on sheet approximately 21 x 28 inches. Very good condition: light scattered foxing (mainly outside image area), faint crease in upper left corner of image. Publisher's blindstamp at top right. This very large, finely engraved image is plate 3 from Volume I of the Antiquities section of the monumental publication "Description de L'Egypte," which documented the research of the "savants" who accompanied Napoleon Bonaparte's ambitious expedition to Egypt (1798-1801). The full title, translated into English reads "Description of Egypt, or the collection of observations and research made in Egypt during the Expedition of the French Army" hinting at the varied purposes of this foray into the Middle East. The European demand for information about Egypt and its glorious monuments led to the publication of two editions of the work, with engravings pulled from the same printing plates; this is from the second edition, uncolored as issued. Shown is a view of the Island of Philae from the North East; the quality of the engraving powerfully evokes the splendor of the beautiful structures and surrounding landscape.

      [Bookseller: oldimprints.com]
 36.   Check availability:     Direct From Seller     Link/Print  


         Le tableau de la vie année 1820

      à Paris, s.n. [Marcilly], 1820, minuscule (format 21 x 15 mm), de 60pp. de texte gravé, ill. de 8 fines gravures à pl. page, pl. maroquin rouge éditeur, dos orné, plats ornés d'un fleuron central et d'un encadrement doré, tr. dorées. Bel état. Recueil minuscule de chansons, très illustré, suivi d'un calendrier pour l'année 1820. Une des productions de Marcilly à Paris, texte entièrement gravé.

      [Bookseller: L'intersigne Livres anciens]
 37.   Check availability:     Direct From Seller     Link/Print  


        Thebes. Byban el Molouk. Statues et Fragmens de Granit Noir et de Granit Rouge Trouves dans les Tombeaux des Rois a L'Ouest, Couvercles de Vases Trouves dans les Hypogees.

      Paris. Panckouke. Ca. 1820. Copper plate engraving (uncolored), image approx. 17 x 23 inches on sheet approximately 21 x 28 inches. Very good condition: 1/2 inch tear to mid upper edge and soft crease to upper right corner (both well outside image area), light scattered foxing (mainly in outer margins). Publisher's blindstamp at top right. This very large, finely engraved image is plate 81 from Volume II of the Antiquities section of the monumental publication "Description de L'Egypte," which documented the research of the "savants" who accompanied Napoleon Bonaparte's ambitious expedition to Egypt (1798-1801). The full title, translated into English reads "Description of Egypt, or the collection of observations and research made in Egypt during the Expedition of the French Army" hinting at the varied purposes of this foray into the Middle East. The European demand for information about Egypt and its glorious monuments led to the publication of two editions of the work, with engravings pulled from the same printing plates; this is from the second edition, uncolored as issued. Shown are red and black granite statues and fragments, including ushabtis (funerary figurines) and covers for canopic jars; the quality of the engraving powerfully evokes the splendor of these beautiful carvings.

      [Bookseller: oldimprints.com]
 38.   Check availability:     Direct From Seller     Link/Print  


        Suite du mémoire sur les intégrales définies.

      First edition Paris: l'Imprimerie Royal, 1820. An important contribution to the foundation of complex function theory. In this paper Possion was the first to carry out integration along a path in the complex plane. "Poisson noted in 1815 and discussed in [this paper] the use of integrals of complex functions taken over paths in the complex plane. As an example he gives ?dx/x from -1 to 1. Here he sets x=ei?, where ? runs from (2n 1)? to 0, and obtaines, by treating the integral as a limit of a sum, the value -(2n 1)?i. Then he notes that the value of an integral need not be the same when taken over an imaginary path as when over a real path. He gives the example ?(cos ax)/(b2 x2) dx from -? to ?, where a and b are positive constants. He lets x = t ik, where k is constant and positive, and obtaines the value & Five memoires in: Journal de l'École Royale Polytechnique, vol. 11. pp. 1-188; 295-341; 342-410; 411-416; 417-489. The complete volume offered [IV,492 pp. and 1 plate - not belonging to the mentioned memoires]. Nice contemporary half calf with gilt spine lettering. Completely clean throughout. A fine copy. ; Louis POINSOT; Augustin-Louis CAUCHY. AMPÈRE, André-Marie; 1. Ampère: Mémoire contenant l'application de la théorie ... à l'intégration des équations aux différentielles partielles du premier et du second ordre; 2. Poisson: Suite du mémoire sur les intégrales définies [KLINE p.633: Poisson was the first man to cary out integration along a path in the complex plane.]; 3. Poinsot: Mémoire sur l'application de l'algèbre à la théorie des nombres; 4. Cauchy: Sur les racines imaginaires des équations; 5. Poisson: Mémoire sur la manière d'exprimer les fonctions par des séries de quantités périodiques, et sur l'usage de cette transformation dans la résolution de différens problèmes.

      [Bookseller: SOPHIA RARE BOOKS]
 39.   Check availability:     Direct From Seller     Link/Print  


        Miroir des grâces dédié aux dames ou dictionnaire de parure et de toilette, par C. Mazeret et A.M. Perrot, contenant le nom et la définition de tous les objets qui servent à l'habillement, la parure et la toilette des dames, étoffes, fourrures, bijoux, pierres fines, cosmétiques, etc... indiquant les pays, manufactures et fabriques d'où sortent les meilleurs et les plus beaux produits, avec la manière de les reconnaître, et les adresses des marchands les mieux assortis de Paris, etc, etc...

      V. Lefuel . first edition.Bound in full morocco navy blue long-grain, back with four nerves set with golden dots and decorated with gilded finials, gilded wheels on the covers scuffed, frame with lace and a set of double nets gilded on the boards, minor scrapes on the boards, gilded head punches and foot sections, corners bumped, guards and contreplats of handmade paper, framing of double net gilded on contreplats, all gilded, elegant contemporary binding.Rare book illustrated with 14 lithographs finely and beautifully enhanced with watercolors.Some foxing. V. Lefuel Paris s.d. (circa 1820) 7,5x12,5cm relié

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
 40.   Check availability:     Direct From Seller     Link/Print  


        Dictionnaire de Marine.

      Paris: Bachelier, Libraire pour la marine, 1820 First edition. 8vo (20 x 12,5 cm). vi, (2), 410, 12 pp. Contemporary half calf, gilt spine with 5 gilt fleurons and a black morocco gilt letterpiece. Illustrated with 8 folding engraved plates - 2 of which handcoloured - depicting a.o. French frigates and their attributes & flags. Including the errata page. End of preface signed in ink : Le V(ice). A(miral). The rare first edition of an early 19th-century dictionary on French Naval history by the admiral of the First French Empire Jean-Baptiste-Philibert Willaumez [1763-1845]. WorldCat mentions only 5 copies of this first edition; no copies in France. Upper and lower part spine with a few damages. Some wear to both joints. Corners rubbed and bumped. Several pages with some minor foxing. Fresh and strong engravings in very good condition. A well-bound and well-kept copy. For a full description and more images please visit www.zaalbooks.nl .

      [Bookseller: Zaal Books]
 41.   Check availability:     NVvA     Link/Print  


        THE HISTORY OF TOM THUMB. To which is added, The Sleeping Beauty. With Six Copper Plates.

      35 pages. Folding hand-coloured engraved frontispiece, bearing six images. Recent fine binding of quarter red sheep gilt over marbled boards, with vellum tips to the corners. Binding: 14.4 x 9 cm.Frontispiece restored, but with some wear to edges of margins; else a very good copy of a scarce edition.

      [Bookseller: David Miles]
 42.   Check availability:     Direct From Seller     Link/Print  


        Raccolta di N°60 vedute antiche e moderne della citta di Roma e sue vicinanze : con la giunta delle sale appartementi al Museo Pio Clementino

      Presso Agapito Franzetti. Edition illustrated with 158 figures etchings depicting views of Rome. The engravings are different signatures: Parboni, Franzetti, Olivieri, or not carry any, and sometimes the date of 1824. Drawing on strong vellum.Binding half calf contemporary hazelnut. Back smooth decorated with long irons. A lack of volume in the lead 3. Friction copings and joints. Some pale foxing in the margins on a well white paper. Good copy. Presso Agapito Franzetti In Roma 1820 S.d. Trois volumes in-12 oblong (15,5x22cm) reliés

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
 43.   Check availability:     Direct From Seller     Link/Print  


        Système analytique des connaissances positives de l'homme: restreintes à celles qui proviennent directement ou indirectement de l'observation.

      Paris: L'auteur & A. Belin, February 1820. First edition, very rare, of Lamarck's last book, important for containing his final thoughts on evolution. In this work Lamarck renounces the linear progression theory of species change propounded in his Philosophie Zoologique (1809) in favour of a branching tree theory much closer to that associated with Darwin some four decades later. "Unwilling to endorse the idea that fossils represented species that had all become extinct as the result of a global catastrophe, he concluded that the forms had changed over time. Having once concluded that species are mutable, he then called upon the familiar idea of the inheritance of acquired characters to explain the close relation between habits and forms that, especially in the case of birds, had been a staple of naturalists' commentaries for decades ... He invoked what he called the "power of life" or "the cause which tends to make organization increasingly complex" to account for the general, linear series that in his view best represented how the different animal classes were related to each other ... [Stephen Jay] Gould describes how Lamarck's decision to make separate classes of the annelid and parasitic worms led him over time to give up his original commitment to a linear arrangement of the different animal classes and to adopt a truly branching scheme instead. Gould indicates that in the very last of his publications [the offered work] Lamarck reversed his decades-long belief that the "power of life" was greater than the influence of environmental circumstances, admitting to the contrary that the force of circumstances was ultimately stronger than nature herself ... Giving up his linear arrangement of living things for a strongly branching view of life's development, and acknowledging that the influence of the environment had had a greater role in evolution than the "cause which makes organization increasingly complex," Lamarck showed his willingness to let the evidence of natural history be the final arbiter in determining the complex path nature had traced, over time, in bringing all the different forms of life into existence" (Burkhardt in DSB). KVK lists only nine copies (three each in France, Germany and UK). "Following his last and greatest treatise on the anatomy of invertebrate organisms, Lamarck published only one other major work ? Analytic System of Positive Knowledge About Man (1820). This rare book has not been consulted by previous historians who traced the development of Lamarck's changing views on the classification of animals. Thus, traditional accounts stop at Lamarck's 1815 revision, with its fundamental distinction between two separate lineages of spontaneous generation. The impression therefore persists that Lamarck never fully embraced the branching model, later exemplified by Darwin as the "tree of life" ? with a common trunk of origin for all creatures and no main line of growth thereafter. Lamarck had compromised his original ladder of progress by advocating two separate origins, but he could continue to stress linearity in each of the resulting series. "But his 1820 book, although primarily a treatise on psychology, does include a chapter on the classification of animals ? and I discovered, in reading these pages, that Lamarck did pursue his revisionary path further, and did finally arrive at a truly branching model for a tree of life. Moreover, in a remarkable passage, Lamarck also recognizes the philosophical implications of his full switch by acknowledging a reversal in his ranking of natural forces in one of the most interesting (and honorable) intellectual conversions that I have ever read. "Lamarck still talks about forces of progress and forces of branching, and he does argue that progress will proceed along each branch. But branching has triumphed as a primary and controlling theme, and Lamarck now frames his entire discussion of animal taxonomy by emphasizing successive points of division. For example, consider this epitome of vertebrate evolution: 'Reptiles come necessarily after fishes. They build a branching sequence, with one branch leading from turtles to platypuses to the diverse group of birds, while the other seems to direct itself, via lizards, toward the mammals. The birds then . . .build a richly varied branching series, with one branch ending in birds of prey.' (In previous models, Lamarck had viewed birds of prey as the top rung of a single avian ladder.) "But much more radically, his 1815 model based on two lines of spontaneous generation has now disappeared. In its place, Lamarck advocates the same tree of life that would later become conventional through the influence of Darwin and other early evolutionists. Lamarck now proposes a single common ancestor for all animals, called a monad. From this beginning, infusorians evolve, followed by polyps, arising "directly and almost without a gap." But polyps then branch to build the rest of life's tree: "instead of continuing as a single series, the polyps appear to divide themselves into three branches ? the radiates, which end without evolving any further; the worms, which continue to branch into all phyla of segmented animals, including annelids, insects, arachnids, crustaceans, and barnacles, each by a separate event of division; and the tunicates (now regarded as marine organisms closely related to vertebrates), which later split to form several lines of mollusks and vertebrates. "Lamarck then acknowledges the profound philosophical revision implied by a branching model for nature's fundamental order. He had always viewed the linear force of progress as primary. As late as 1815, even after he had changed his model to permit extensive branching and two environmentally induced sequences of spontaneous generation, Lamarck continued to emphasize the primary power of the linear force, compared with disturbing and anomalous exceptions produced by lateral environmental causes, called l'influence des circonstances. To [state] the key passage: 'The plan followed by nature in producing animals clearly comprises a predominant prime cause. This endows animal life with the power to make organization gradually more complex . . . Occasionally a foreign, accidental, and therefore variable cause has interfered with the execution of the plan . . . [producing] branches that depart from the series in several points and alter its simplicity.' "But Lamarck, five years later in his final book of 1820, now abandons this controlling concept of his career, and embraces the opposite conclusion. The influence of circumstances (leading to a branching model of animal taxonomy) rules the paths of evolution. All general laws, of progress or anything else, must be regarded as subservient to the immediate singularities of environments and histories. The influence of circumstances has risen from a disturbing and peripheral joker to the true lord of all (with an empire to boot): 'Let us consider the most influential cause for everything done by nature, the only cause that can lead to an understanding of every- thing that nature produces. ...This is, in effect, a cause whose power is absolute, superior even to nature, since it regulates all nature's acts, a cause whose empire embraces all parts of nature's domain . . .This cause resides in the power that circumstances have to modify all operations of nature, to force nature to change continually the laws that she would have followed without [the intervention of] these circumstances, and to determine the character of each of her products. The extreme diversity of nature's productions must also be attributed to this cause. "Lamarck's great intellectual journey began with a public address about evolution, delivered in 1800 during a month that the revolutionary government had auspiciously named Floréal, or flowering. He then developed the first comprehensive theory of evolution in modern science-an achievement that won him a secure place in any scientific hall of fame or list of immortals-despite the vicissitudes of his reputation during his own lifetime and immediately thereafter. "But Lamarck's original system failed ? and not for the reasons that we usually specify today in false hindsight (the triumph of Mendelism over Lamarck's erroneous belief in inheritance of acquired characters), but by inconsistencies that new information imposed upon the central logic of Lamarck's system during his own lifetime. We can identify a fulcrum, a key moment, in the unraveling of Lamarck's original theory ? when he attended a lecture by Cuvier on the anatomy of annelids, and recognized that he would have to split his taxonomic class of worms into two distinct groups. This recognition ? which Lamarck recorded with excitement (and original art) as a handwritten insertion into his first published book on evolution ? unleashed a growing cascade of consequences that, by Lamarck's last book of 1820, had destroyed his original theory of primary ladders of progress versus subsidiary lateral deviations, and led him to embrace the opposite model (in both geometry of animal classification, and basic philosophy of nature) of a branching tree of life" (Stephen Jay Gould, The Lying Stones of Marrakech, pp. 139-142). 8vo (196 x 128 mm), contemporary orange glazed boards, front hinge with crack and som echipping, capitals slightly worn, pp. [2], 364, first few leaves with light spotting, 5th leaf with faint private stamp.

      [Bookseller: SOPHIA RARE BOOKS]
 44.   Check availability:     Direct From Seller     Link/Print  


        A Letter to Earl Bathurst, Secretary of State for the Colonial Department.

      London: James Ridgway, 1820. Octavo, Aquarius binding of full navy calf, gilt spine. An important early colonial work, Bennet's attack on the administration of Governor Macquarie, was an important document that precipitated the enquiry by Commissioner Bigge and the end of Macquarie's command in New South Wales.Bennet (1777-1836) was a British politician who led a crusade to reduce crime, investigate prisons and transportation while reforming the London police. With a charge to 'to diminish the sum of human misery' Bennet worked tirelessly to expose maladministration and archaic practices in British gaols and the transportation system generally. In this published address to Lord Bathurst, Macquarie is accused of extravagance and autocracy. However, writing from England, Bennet relied upon prejudiced testimonies from Macquarie's enemies (including the indefatigable Reverend Samuel Marsden) and ultimately presented a biased version of events. Although Bennet's work in England was broad and enlightened, his critique of convict administration became a tool for colonial 'exclusives' who wished to end Macquarie's term as governor of New South Wales.A Letter to Earl Bathurst... remains a highly informative account of transportation and early colonial society generally, it includes useful statistical information including population figures, a civil list of persons holding government posts and shipping arrivals and departures for the years 1819-20. Furthermore, the appendix prints letters from Governor Macquarie, Samuel Marsden, W.H. Moore and others. Marsden's letter concerning affairs at the Parramatta hospital is a fine work of vitriol, asserting 'For the number of persons in the hospital, I do not believe that there is such an infamous brothel in the whole universe... I behold drunkenness, whoredom, sickness and death... in the room where the dead are lying, debaucheries are going on.'. Fine condition.

      [Bookseller: Hordern House]
 45.   Check availability:     Direct From Seller     Link/Print  

______________________________________________________________________________


      Home     Wants Manager     Library Search     562 Years   Links     Contact      Search Help      Terms of Service     


Copyright © 2018 viaLibri™ Limited. All rights reserved.