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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1817

        Grundlinien zu einer zweckmässigen Behandlung der Geometrie als höheren Bildungsmittels an verbereitenden Lehranstalten. Mit zwei Kupfertafeln.

      Erlangen, J.J. Palm und Ernst Enke, 1817. 8vo. Nice cont. marbled cardboardbinding w. gilt title label and single gilt lines to spine. Corners and edges of boards bumped and some minor wear to capitals, otherwise very nice and clean. Also internally in excellent condition, w. almost no brownspotting. A few leaves w. marginal markings, all in weak pencil. Printed on good paper. XXXII, 224, (2, -errata) pp, 2 folded plates.. The very rare first edition of Ohm's first work, which actually laid the foundation for his career and gave him the opportunity of working as a scientist. The work was printed eight years before his first scientific paper, ("Vorläufige Anzeige des Gesetzes, nach welchem Metalle de Contakt-elektrizität leiten", 1825, which contained for the first time the original research that was to immortalize his name). The German physicist Georg Simon Ohm (1789 -1854), who later became famous for having established the fundamental relationship between voltage, current, and resistance, and thereby founding electrical circuit analysis (all based on what has ever since Ohm been known as "Ohm's Law"), was solidly educated in mathematics, physics, chemistry and philosophy by his very skilled autodidact father. From 1800 to 1805 Ohm attended the Erlangen Gymnasium, after which he attended the University of Erlangen for three years, until his father withdrew him and placed him in exile in Switzerland, because he was so dissatisfied with him wasting his scientific abilities; -Georg Ohm was primarily interested in dancing, billiards and ice skating. He then became a mathematics teacher in Gottstadt bei Nydau, and in 1809 he went to Neuchâtel for two years as a private teacher, although he would have preferred to follow Karl Christian von Langensdorf to Heidelberg to restart his mathematical studies. Langendorf, however, advised Ohm to study mathematics on his own and to read the works of Euler, Laplace and Lacroix, which he did. In 1811 Ohm returned to the University of Erlangen, where he received his PhD. He now taught as a Privatdozent for three semesters, but he could not advance and made almost no money, so he was forced to seek employment from the Bavarian government. The best position that he was offered was that of a teacher of mathematics and physics at a poor quality, low-prestige Realschule in Bamberg, where he stayed with great dissatisfaction for three years, until the school got closed down in March 1816. He was now assigned to teach a section of mathematics at another overcrowded and ill reputed school in Bamberg. During these years, Georg Ohm felt very unhappy with his position and realized that he had to do something to improve his merits in order to get out of Bamberg and have hopes to find a better post. And thus, he undertook the writing of his first work, the elementary geometry text, which was to prove his true abilities. Ohm sent the manuscript to King Wilhelm III of Prussia, and in 1817 he was offered the position of Oberlehrer of mathematics and physics at the recently reformed Jesuit Gymnasium at Cologne. This was a very good school, which was based on the ideals of proper scientific education and enthusiasm for learning and teaching, and it was this position that stimulated Ohm to seriously concern himself with physics which he had never done before. The physics lab was very well equipped , and Ohm could now devote himself to experimenting on physics."Ohm's fist work was an elementary geometry text, "Grundlinien..." which embodied his ideals on the role of mathematics in education. The student, he believed, should learn mathematics as if it were the free product of his own mind, not as a finished product imposed from without. Ideally, by fostering the conviction that the highest life is that devoted to pure knowledge, education should create a self-respect capable of withstanding all vicissitudes in one's external circumstances. One detects in these sentiments the reflection not only of his own early education but also of the years of isolation in Switzerland and of personal and intellectual deprivation of Bamberg. The resulting inwardness of Ohm's character and the highly intellectualized nature of his ideals of personal worth were an essential aspect of the man who would bring the abstractness of mathematics into the hiterto physical and chemical domain of galvanic electricity." (D.S.B., X, p. 187)

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        Bestimmung des Brechungs-und des Farbenzerstreungs-Vermögens verschiedener Glasarten, in Bezug auf die Vervollkommung achromatischer Fernröhre. (Definition of the Capacity of Refraction and Colour-diffusion of various kinds of Glass).

      Leipzig, Johann Ambrosius Barth, 1817. 8vo. Contemporary half calf. Raised bands, gilt spine. Spine slightly rubbed."Annalen der Physik. Neue Folge. Hrsg. von Ludwig Wilhelm Gilbert", Bd. 56. Small stamps on verso of title-pages (2) and verso of plates. (12), 440 pp. a. 5 plates. The entire volume offered. Fraunhofer's paper: pp. 264-313 a. 2 engraved plates. Tables in the text. Internally clean and fine.. First appearance of this milestone paper, which CREATED THE SCIENCE OF SOLAR AND STELLAR CHEMISTRY, by observing and interpreting the dark lines of the solar spectrum.Fraunhofer plotted 576 such lines, noted the constancy of relative position irrespective of the light source, moon, stars, flames.The paper offered here, as printed in Gilbert's "Annalen", was PUBLISHED BEFORE it appeared in Denkschriften der "Münchner Akad. der Wiss. auf die Jahre 1814 und 1815". Gilbert's note to the paper: "Frei ausgezogen aus den noch nicht ausgegebenen Denkschriften...." (The paper was read for the Bayerish Akademie, München in 1815 and only published in Denkschriften two years later).In 1802, William Wollaston saw in a spectrum of the sun something that, by strange chance, nobody had ever seen before. The chief point of importance in his imperfect account is that the solar spectrum, as formed by a prism from light which has traversed a slit, is crossed by a series of dark lines. These lines have since become known as Fraunhofer Lines, because when Fraunhofer discovered them independently, he understood their nature and significance much better than Wollaston, who saw only seven lines, while Fraunhofer recorded 576. He measured the position of the more prominent lines, which he indicated by letters from A to K, determining their wavelength and showed that they all fell in the same portion of the spectrum, whether it was the direct light of the sun or the reflected light from the moon. His paper on the subject was ignored, and it remained for Kirchhoff around 50 years later (1859) to make a powerful instrument of these lines for chemists, physicists, and astronomers to state with certainty the chemical constitution of the heavenly bodies. On his tombstone is engraved "Approximavit sidera" (he approached the stars).The volume contains other important papers: Stromeyer, "Auffindung der Wahren Mischung des Kobaltglanzes und des Speiskobalts, und ihrer wesentlichen Verschiedenheit" and "Auffindung von Kobalt in den Meteor-Eisen", Chladni, Wollaston, Humphry Davy (in first German editions) etc.Dibner, Heralds of Science No 153. - Sparrow, Milestones of Science No 70. - Printing and the Mind of Man No. 278 a

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        Lärbok i kemien.

      I-VI. Sthlm, H. A. Nordström, 1817-22, 1818-30. 8:o. (10),726 s. & 4 utvikbara grav. plr + (10),LXXIX,(1),848,(1) + (4),496,(2) s. & 6 utvikbara grav. plr + XV,(1),564,(1) s. & 1 utvikbar grav. plansch + X,565-1300,1-6,(1) s. & 1 utvikbar tryckt tabell + (4),VI,415,416a-c,417-895,(2) s. Med en träsnittsillustration i texten på s. 152. + BERZELIUS, JAC. Tabell, som utvisar vigten af större delen vid den oorganiska kemiens studium märkvärdiga enkla och sammansatta kroppars atomer, jemte deras sammansättning, räknad i procent. Bihang till tredje delen af lärboken i kemien. Sthlm, H. A. Nordström, 1818. 4:o. 99,(1) s. Sju nötta samtida blå glättade pappbd med sparsamt guldornerade ryggar, röda titeletiketter och sprängda snitt. Ryggarna till del II och V lite naggade överst. Pärmhörnen stukade och pärmkanterna skrapade. Större delen av titeletiketten till tabelldelen bortnött. Del I har en genomgående distinkt fuktrand och en del råkanter i nedre marginalen samt ett slarvigt uppskuret övre hörn på s. 307. Del III är ställvis lätt lagerfläckig och med några små revor i planschernas veck. Del IV har en liten fuktfläck i nedre marginalen till s. 32 och är dessutom lätt lagerfläckig på sina håll. Del V är genomgående fuktfläckig och ställvis svagt lagerfläckig. Del VI slutligen är fuktfläckig fram till s. 525 och ngt mer lagerfläckig än de övriga delarna.. Holmberg Bibliografi över J. J. Berzelius II:1-2. Lindberg Swedish books 58. Bibliotheca Walleriana 11077 för del I-IV. Krok Bibliotheca botanica suecana 2 för del IV-V. Denna svit med del I-II i den andra omarbetade och utökade upplagan från 1817-22. Första upplagan av dessa två delar utkom 1808-12. Denna stort anlagda lärobok utkom även i en rad tyska upplagor och var sin tids yppersta handbok i kemi och var enligt "Dictionary of scientific biography" "the most authoritative chemical text of its day". Den blev även översatt till flera andra språk

      [Bookseller: Mats Rehnström]
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        Encyclopädie der philosophischen Wissenschaften im Grundrisse. Zum Gebrauch seiner Vorlesungen.

      Heidelberg, (Druck und Papier von Brede in Offenbach), 1817. 8vo. Nice cont. cardboardbdg. w. title-label to back. Corners and capitals professionally restored. Hinges w. a bit of paper-loss. Occational brownspotting. Front free end-paper w. vast cont. annotations by former owner Fr. Selasinski.. The rare first edition of Hegel's immensely important work, the "Encyclopaedia of the Philosophical Sciences", by himself and his contemporaries considered his main work, and likewise an absolute main work of philosophy in general. Hegel is considered one of the four greatest philosophers of all times, and his contributions to philosophy are incomparable to other than perhaps those of Aristotle, Plato and Kant. In 1816 Hegel chose the professorship of philosophy at the University of Heidelberg, and here he taught his courses with great enthusiasm. He lectured no less than 16 hours a week, mostly over his own system, which is the object of this (chronologically speaking) third main work, generally just called the "Encyclopaedia".Hegel himself considered his "Encyclopedia" to be the most important of his works, and his contemporaries likewise judged it his actual main work. Hegel was considered the epitome of the great systematic thinker of the 19th century, and his "Encyclopaedia" forms the epitome of his work, at the same time as it, to his own mind, constitutes his greatest achievement. Hegel's main aim was to systematically comprise all spiritual and natural knowledge, and thus his philosophy peaks with his all-comprising Encyclopaedia, which remained of the greatest importance to himself throughout his life-time. He kept working on the book, and no less than three different altered editions appeared within his lifetime, the last in 1830, the year before he died, confirming his lasting devotion to this work.The book has belonged to one Friedrich Selasinski (perhaps a midshipman from the aristocracy), who has annotated the entire front free end-paper (ab. 1830)

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        He Palaia Diatheke (in Greek), then: Vetus Testamentum ex versione septuaginta interpretum

      E Typographeo Clarendoniano Oxonii: E Typographeo Clarendoniano, 1817. Hardcover. Near fine. 6 volumes. 8vo. Full contemporary calf. Spines in six compartments with gilt floral tooling and borders; red and green lettering labels, gilt; gilt rules on the boards. Marbled endpapers and edges in a wave pattern. Some hinges expertly and nearly invisibly repaired else a very good to near fine set. This is a new edition of the Sixtine text. The editor has added to the foot of each page the variants of Codex A taken from the second edition of Grabe's text. Darlow & Moule 4790.

      [Bookseller: Thorn Books ]
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        Gespräche über das Böse.

      Aufgezeichnet. Königsberg, August Wilhelm Unzer 1817. Kl.-8°. VIII, 184 S. Einfacher, marmorierter Pappband d. Zt. mit Resten eines handschriftlichen Rückenschildes. Goedeke V, 13, 30, 7. - Erste Ausgabe. - Korrekturexemplar des Autors. Sechs Seiten mit eigenh. Satzanweisungen von Johann Friedrich Herbart ( Philosoph und Pädagoge, 1776-1841): Titel mit Streichungen und Einfügung einer Bandzählung »VI«, Vortitel mit Hinweis »bleibt weg.«, leere, Seite zu Textbeginn, gegenüber Seite 3 mit typographischen Hinweisen: »Die Namen der Personen werden zu Anfang der Zeile antiqua gesperrt [2 unterstreichen] gesetzt, und so durchaus Zeile an Zeile gerückt. Was sonst gesperrt gedruckt ist, wie gewöhnlich kursiv« (5 Zeilen). Auf den beiden folgenden Seiten jeweils im Text die beschriebenen Änderungen per Linien veranschaulicht. Seite 56 ist eine eckige Klammer eingefügt. S. 70 ein Komma getilgt. Alle mit schwarzer Tinte. - Stellenw. weitere Satzanweisungen mit Farbstift, wahrscheinlich von der Hand des Druckers. - In der Herbart-Bibliographie von Schmitz findet sich bei der Eintragung der EA von 1817 nur der Hinweis auf die Gesamtausgabe: Sämtliche Werke, hrsg. von K. Kehrenbach, O. Flügel u. Th. Fritzsch. 19 Bde. Langensalza 1887-1912. Dort in Band IV. Offenbar wurde der zu Lebzeiten des Autors gefasste Plan einer Werksammlung nicht umgesetzt. - Einbandrücken fehlt nahezu. Bindung gänzlich gelöst, Blätter lose.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Halkyone]
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        Turnbuch für die Söhne des Vaterlandes.

      Mit 4 gefalt. Kupfertafeln. 18 Bl., XXXXII, 1 Bl., 300 S., 3 Bll. Buntpapierbezogener Pappband d. Zt. Erste Ausgabe. - Lipperheide Tha 11; Borst 1272; Hagelin 108: "Influenced by Jahn and the circumstances of the time Gutsmuths in this work does not deal with educational gymnastics but merely of bodily exercise for the training of soldiers. The comprehensive work is considered to be the first manual of military gymnastics." - Die Umrißkupfer zeigen Knaben beim Turnen und Springen, Gerätschaften u. a. - Bestoßen. Leicht gebräunt, teils etwas fleckig, Spiegel feuchtfleckig.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Turszynski]
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        Aus meinem Leben. Dichtung und Wahrheit.

      Zweyte Abtheilung, erster und zweyter Theil. Auch ich in Arkadien. 2 Bände. 17 x 10,7 cm (Oktav). 1 Bl., 444 Seiten, 1 Bl. und eine gefaltete Tafel. 1 Bl., 448 Seiten, 1 Bl. Halbleder der Zeit mit goldenen Rückentiteln auf roten und goldenen Bandnummern auf schwarzen Schildchen, etwas Rückenvergoldung, grünem Schnitt und marmorierten Vorsätzen. Kanten und Rücken etwas berieben, Rückenleder etwas spröde, Vorderdeckel von Band 1 mit braunem Fleck und kleinen Fehlstellen im Papierbezug. Innen teils etwas gebräunt und stockfleckig. Erste Ausgaben dieser beiden (von insgesamt 6 von 1811 bis 1822 erschienenen) Bände von Goethes Autobiographie, welche die "Italienische Reise" enthalten.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Roland Gögler]
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        Ouvres complètes, mises en ordre précédées d´une notice sur la vie de l´auteur... par M. le comte de Lacepède. Nouvelle édition. I-XII + Suite I-VI.

      Paris, Rapet & Cie, 1817-19. 18 volumes. With engraved title, 2 engraved portraits, and 336 engraved plates (221 plates in the 12 volumes, and 155 in the Suite). Some foxing to plates and text. Contemporary half calf, marbled covers, spine gilt, slightly worn, some joints cracked. 21 X 14 cm

      [Bookseller: Antikvariat Röda Rummet AB]
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        Remarks on the Plans and Publications of Robert Owen, etc.

      Edinburgh: Ogle, Allardice & Thomson, 60pp., 1817.. Inscribed presentation copy from the author to John Gladstone (father of the Prime Minister, William Ewart Gladstone), modern boards old style. Kress B.6879. Not in Goldsmiths'. Not in NUC. A rare reply to Owen's plans with references to Hume and Godwin. Though respectful of Owen's philanthropy and good intentions, the review is highly critical of his plans believing them "useless or even hurtful, by mistaken view of human happiness, and the way of attainment."

      [Bookseller: Jeffrey Stern Antiquarian Bookseller]
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        Rosa Multiflora platyphylla. Rosier Multiflore à grandes feuilles

      [Paris: Firmin Didot], 1817-1824. Stipple engraving printed in black, on ochre-tinted paper, by Langlois, after Redouté, printed by Rémond. Very good condition. 14 x 10 1/2 inches. A very rare uncoloured 'connoisseur's' impression on ochre-tinted paper from the first edition of 'Les Roses': Redouté's most famous work, and perhaps the most celebrated flower book of all time The present uncoloured plate was printed on ochre paper as it was realized that this gave a pleasing effect. The ochre background enhances the subtle gradations of tone achieved using the stipple engraving technique and gives a unique opportunity to appreciate the unrivalled artistry of both Pierre-Joseph Redouté himself and the master-craftsman he employed to translate his watercolour into a print of the highest quality. Redouté learned, whilst on a visit to London, that the most successful impressions of stipple engravings came from well-used plates. A number of black plates would thus be struck to take the edge off the plate before printing in colours. Redouté's printers struck black impressions - always on a paper with a distinct ochre tint - from the plates, and these early impressions were then combined with later colour- printed examples to form the de luxe issues of 'Les Roses'.Redouté's 'Les Roses' was issued in four formats: a large paper folio with coloured plates, a large paper folio with the plates in two states, folio with coloured plates, and folio with the plates in two states (the present plate comes from this final de luxe form). Gavin Bridson and Donald Wendel, in their magisterial 'Printmaking in the service of botany' catalogue (Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation, 1986, item 25) noted that Redouté 'For the interest of connoisseurs' included `a set of black plates as a parallel series to the usual color-printed versions' in 'special issues' of both the present work and his earlier 'Les Liliacées'. The number of these special issues that were produced is unfortunately not recorded but to judge from auction records over the past twenty-five years they are extremely rare: only four complete sets of 'Les Roses' in this format are recorded. The present print therefore comes from an edition that was severely limited, and is certainly much rarer than its colour- printed equivalent. Cf.Cleveland Collections 807; cf. Dunthorne 232; cf. Hunt Redoutéana 19; cf. Hunt, Printmaking in the Service of Botany 25; cf. Nissen BBI 1599; cf. Pritzel 7455; cf. Ray French 89; cf. Stafleu and Cowan 8748

      [Bookseller: Donald Heald Rare Books ]
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