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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1803

        Dramatic Poems, comprising the following Tragedies: Gunilda, Usurper, Matilda and Abdalla.

      Lewes: W. & A. Lee 1803.. First edition, 8vo, (iv, 7 List of Subscribers, 5), 295, (1) pp. Contemporary maroon half morocco, extremities with some wear, spine darkened with gilt tooling, slight loss to foot, marbled sides, edges stained yellow. Four unacted plays. "The author of numerous works long since forgotten" (DNB), Delap had several of his pieces staged by Garrick, but none achieved any real success.

      [Bookseller: Bow Windows Bookshop, ABA, ILAB]
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        Cession of the District of Matavai in the Island of Otaheite, to Captain James Wilson for the use of the Missionaries sent thither by that Society in the Ship Duff is Most Respectfully Dedicated, by their most obedient servants Willm Jeffrys and Co

      London:. 1803.. The title is preceded by the phrase "To the Treasurer and Directors of the London Missionary Society, this print representing the Cession..." Black & white mezzotint, as issued. 29 1/2" by 23" with sml. margins. Includes the engraved title. London, January 1st, 1803. For the Benefit of the Missionary Society. A large separately-issued mezzotint by Bartolozzi after the original oil painting by Smirke which is held by the National Library of Australia. Laid down on linen, which nicely stabilizes some slight creases & small marginal tears, two of which affect the caption, one barely into the plate. One sml. hole repaired. Overall, the picture is very bright, with warm glowing shades of gray nuancing the gathering of missionaries. England was enamored with Omai, the first Polynesian native to visit London, who accompanied Capt. James Cook after his 2nd voyage. He was seen as a living example of the "noble savage". However, Omai returned to the South Pacific in 1776 without being converted to Christianity, which was seen as a missed opportunity. To rectify that situation, the London Missionary Society was established, and in 1796, the ship Duff was dispatched with a group of 18 missionaries to Tahiti, under the command of Captain James Wilson. Wilson is seen in the foreground holding his hat, facing Chief Pomare. The Queen is held in the air on the shoulders of natives. At least 24 Tahitians & 17 Europeans are pictured on Matavai Bay. Nan Kivell & Spence, p. 324, National Library of Australia website. A very scarce print.

      [Bookseller: Antipodean Books, Maps & Prints ]
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        Bibliotheque portative des ecrivains françoise ou choix des meilleurs morceaux extraits de leurs ouvrage en prose.

      Seconde edition considérablement augmentée et sur un nouveau plan. 1-6. Londres, Dulau et co., 1803. Large 8vo. iii-viii,+ 340,+ iv; (2),+ 347,+ v; (2),+ 348,+ iv; (2),+ 356,+ iv; (2),+ 348,+ iv; (2),+ xviii,+ 340,+ vi,+ 46 pp. Contemporary half calf with five raised bands. Richly gilt spine with red and green labels. Six vols. Very fine. Brunet III, 1935

      [Bookseller: Centralantikvariatet]
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        Insecta suecica descripta a Leonardo Gyllenhal. Classis I. Coleoptera sive Eleutheria

      Scaris & Lipsae: F.J. Leverentz & Friederic Fleischer, 1803. relié. 4 tomes en 4 Vol. in-8 (11,5x19cm). Edition originale. Rare. Demi basane havane, dos lisses ornés de doubles filets dorés comportant quelques traces de frottements, deux coiffes inférieures affectées d'un petit manque dû pour l'une à un léger travail de ver n'atteignant aucunement le texte, et de taches brunes, coiffe supérieure du tome 2 arasée, noms dorés d'un précédent propriétaires en queues, un mors du tome 3 fendu en tête, plats de papier marbré, reliures postérieures mais du XIXème. Rare et agréable exemplaire quasi exempt de rousseur. Entomologiste et militaire suédois qui fit ses études sous la houlette de Linné, Les insectes de suède (Insecta suecica) constitue sa plus importante contribution à la discipline ; sa collection d'insectes était très importante. Les tomes 1 et 4 comportent chacun, reliés in-fine, des précisions et annotations manuscrites couvrant 5 pages 1/2, d'une écriture fine et serrée, certainement de la main du premier possesseur de l'ouvrage : A. Godart dont le nom figure en queue de chaque volume. - F.J. Leverentz & Friederic Fleischer, Scaris & Lipsae _1803-1827, 4 tomes en 4 Vol. in-8 (11,5x19cm), 4 volumes reliés. - 4 volumes reliés

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy, 3 volumes

      London: Symonds. 1803. First printing. Hardcover. Very Good. First printing, 1803, 3 volumes; first printing in English of the complete text of the Principia. Ex-library copies, rebound in plain brown library buckram, titles in white on spines, text blocks trimmed all the way around, library bookplates on pastedowns (with 'withdrawn' stamps to all bookplates), stamps including perforated stamps to title pages, some minor removable paper labels to spines, texts and plates collated complete. A not very attractive set of a rare work.

      [Bookseller: Caliban Books ABAA-ILAB]
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        Beschreibung von der Insel Ceylon, enthaltend Nachrichten von ihrer Geschichte, Geographie, Naturbeschreibung und von den Sitten und Gebräuchen ihrer verschiedenen Einwohner. Nebst dem Tagebuche einer Gesandtschaftsreise an den Hof des Königs von Candy. Aus dem Englischen mit Anmerkungen und mit einem Zusatze über die Perlenfischerrey übersetzt von J.A. Bergk. Leipzig, Rein, 1803. XVI, 510 S., 1 Bl. Mit 1 mehrfach gefalt. Kupferstichkarte. Hldr. d. Zt. m. RSch. u. RVerg. (Rücken etwas fleckig).

      Engelmann I, S. 130; Griep/Luber II, 1060.- Erste deutsche Ausgabe.- Captain Percival (1765-1826) kam nach seinem Militäreinsatz in der Kapkolonie 1797 mit den englischen Truppen auf die Insel. Er blieb drei Jahre und erlebte die Vertreibung der Holländer.- Alter Stempel auf dem Titel; papierbedingt leicht gebräunt und stockfleckig.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Schramm]
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        Bataille des pyramides. (Planche 12)

      Paris: Didot, 1803. Broché. 54x82cm. Gravure originale in folio non rognée, extraite du Voyage dans la Basse et la Haute Egypte de Vivant Denon. Planche dépliante composée d'une vue ainsi décrite par l'auteur: Bataille des pyramides. Ce tableau représente le moment de la double action, où deux corps de Mamelouks font chacun une sortie ; l'un sur les divisions Dugua, Desaix, et Reynier, l'autre sur le bataillon commandé par le général Rampon ( voyez dans le journal le récit de la bataille, tome 1, page 76 ). J'ai tâché de donner l'image d'une charge de Mamelouks, dont j'ai été plusieurs fois témoin , et dont la rapidité, l'abandon, le dévouement, et la bravoure chevaleresque, m'ont toujours frappé ; j'ai voulu rendre aussi l'effet de la mitraille sur cette cavalerie, qui venoit la braver jusqu'à la bouche du canon ; j'ai fait voir les serviteurs à pied à travers les combattants, leur maniere d'emporter les blessés, de les éloigner du combat; les chameaux portant les cartouches et les instruments guerriers; les palmiers avec leurs fruits , comme ils étoient à cette époque, et jusqu'à la gerçure produite par l'inondation et l'ardeur du soleil; enfin tout ce qui caractérise le pays, et contribue à lui donner une physionomie particuliere. Le fond contient tout ce que le vaste horizon offre d'intéressant : à droite de l'estampe, est la route qui conduit à Suez et en Asie, où l'on voit le corps d'Ibrahim-bey; la ville du Caire, au pied du Mokattam, ou l'extrémité de la chaîne arabique; le grand aqueduc, qui arrive jusqu'au vieux Caire, sur le bord du fleuve Boulac: plus en avant, le Nil, avec les isles de Raoudah, de Boulac, et du Lazaret ; le vaisseau amiral de la flotte de Mourat-bey, auquel, il fit mettre le feu pendant le combat : de l'autre côté du Nil, Djyzeh, la maison de Mourat-bey, la plaine et les pyramides de Ssackarah ; l'espace entre elles et celles de Djyzeh, qui est l'emplacement qu'occupoit Memphis; et en derniere ligne, le Mont-Libyque, dont la chaîne gît du sud au nord jusqu'aux pyramides de Djyzeh, et d'où , changeant tout-à-coup de direction à l'ouest, elle va se perdre dans les déserts de Barca. Rousseurs, quelques pliures, deux infimes restaurations marginales à l'aide de morceaux de filmoplast, sinon bel état de conservation. Publié pour la première fois en deux volumes, dont un atlas de gravures, chez Didot, en 1802, le 'Voyage dans la Basse et la Haute Égypte' connut un tel succès qu'il fut traduit dès 1803 en Anglais et en Allemand, puis quelques années plus tard en Hollandais et en Italien, notamment. Presque toutes les planches sont dessinées par Denon, qui en a aussi gravé lui-même un petit nombre, notamment des portraits d'habitants d'Egypte, qui ont encore gardée toute la fraîcheur d'esquisses prises sur le vif (nos 104-111). Une bonne vingtaine de graveurs ont également collaboré à la création des eaux-fortes dont Baltard, Galien, Réville et d'autres. Dominique Vivant, baron Denon, dit Vivant Denon, né à Givry le 4 janvier 1747 et mort à Paris le 27 avril 1825, est un graveur, écrivain, diplomate et administrateur français. A l’invitation de Bonaparte, il se joint à l’expédition d’Egypte en embarquant dès le 14 mai 1798 sur la frégate " La Junon ". Protégé par les troupes françaises, il a l’opportunité de parcourir le pays dans tous les sens, afin de rassembler le matériau qui servit de base à son travail artistique et littéraire le plus important. Il accompagne en particulier le général Desaix en Haute Egypte, dont il rapporte de très nombreux croquis, lavis à l’encre et autres dessins à la plume, à la pierre noire, ou à la sanguine. Il dessine sans relâche, le plus souvent sur son genou, debout ou même à cheval, et parfois jusque sous le feu de l’ennemi. A l’issue d’un voyage de 13 mois durant lesquels il dessine plusieurs milliers de croquis, Vivant Denon rentre en France avec Bonaparte, et devient le premier artiste à publier le récit de cette expédition. Les 141 planches qui accompagnent son Journal retracent l’ense une feuille

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        Vue du Caire, prise de la place êl-békyéh pendant le temps de l'inondation du Nil. (Planche 88)

      Paris: Didot, 1803. Broché. 81,5x54cm. Gravure originale in folio, extraite du Voyage dans la Basse et la Haute Egypte de Vivant Denon. Planche dépliante composée d'une vue ainsi décrite par l'auteur: La place de l'Elbequier, la plus grande place du Caire, sans régularité, sans groupe d'édifices pittoresques ; elle a cependant deux moments agréables dans l'année, celui où le Nil à sa grande hauteur y introduit ses eaux et l'inonde, et celui où l'eau en se retirant fait de toute la place un grand jardin couvert de la plus belle verdure. C'est la premiere époque que j'ai voulu représenter dans la pl. LXXXVIII ; c'est celle qui annonce une récolte abondante, c'est la fête de tous les ordres de la société, celle de tout le monde. Cette place, devenue alors un vaste bassin , est couverte de barques illuminées, dans lesquelles les grands se promenent, jouissant du calme et de la fraîcheur de la nuit : j'ai pensé d'ailleurs que moins on verroit les maisons, plus elles paroîtroient agréables : la principale est le palais d'Elfy-bey, que l'on voit à droite, et qui est éclairé par des pots à feu ; elle est devenue un monument historique pour avoir été l'habitation de Bonaparte pendant son séjour en Egypte, et par l'insigne valeur avec laquelle elle a été défendue dans le temps du siege du Caire, en l'an 8. Rousseurs marginales, unléger accroc marginal, sinon bel état de conservation. Publié pour la première fois en deux volumes, dont un atlas de gravures, chez Didot, en 1802, le 'Voyage dans la Basse et la Haute Égypte' connut un tel succès qu'il fut traduit dès 1803 en Anglais et en Allemand, puis quelques années plus tard en Hollandais et en Italien, notamment. Presque toutes les planches sont dessinées par Denon, qui en a aussi gravé lui-même un petit nombre, notamment des portraits d'habitants d'Egypte, qui ont encore gardée toute la fraîcheur d'esquisses prises sur le vif (nos 104-111). Une bonne vingtaine de graveurs ont également collaboré à la création des eaux-fortes dont Baltard, Galien, Réville et d'autres. Dominique Vivant, baron Denon, dit Vivant Denon, né à Givry le 4 janvier 1747 et mort à Paris le 27 avril 1825, est un graveur, écrivain, diplomate et administrateur français. A l’invitation de Bonaparte, il se joint à l’expédition d’Egypte en embarquant dès le 14 mai 1798 sur la frégate " La Junon ". Protégé par les troupes françaises, il a l’opportunité de parcourir le pays dans tous les sens, afin de rassembler le matériau qui servit de base à son travail artistique et littéraire le plus important. Il accompagne en particulier le général Desaix en Haute Egypte, dont il rapporte de très nombreux croquis, lavis à l’encre et autres dessins à la plume, à la pierre noire, ou à la sanguine. Il dessine sans relâche, le plus souvent sur son genou, debout ou même à cheval, et parfois jusque sous le feu de l’ennemi. A l’issue d’un voyage de 13 mois durant lesquels il dessine plusieurs milliers de croquis, Vivant Denon rentre en France avec Bonaparte, et devient le premier artiste à publier le récit de cette expédition. Les 141 planches qui accompagnent son Journal retracent l’ensemble de son voyage, depuis les côtes de la Corse jusqu’aux monuments pharaoniques de la Haute Egypte. Bonaparte le nomme ensuite directeur général du musée central de la République, qui devient le musée Napoléon, puis le musée royal du Louvre et administrateur des arts. En 1805, Vivant Denon relance le projet de la colonne Vendôme, qui avait été suspendu en 1803. Il organise ensuite des expéditions dans toute l’Europe impériale pour amasser les objets d'art, qui sont pillés pour être emportés au Louvre. En 1814, Louis XVIII le confirme à la tête du Louvre, dont une aile porte encore son nom aujourd’hui. Il est considéré comme un grand précurseur de la muséologie, de l'histoire de l'art et de l'égyptologie. - Didot, Paris _1803, 81,5x54cm, une feuille. - une feuille

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        A Group of Carnations [First State]

      London: April 2nd., 1803. Hand-coloured and colour-printed aquatint, stipple and line engraving by Caldwell. 20 7/16 x 15 5/8 inches. The most strikingly beautiful flower plates ever to be printed in England. "Carnations are cultivated forms of Dianthus caryophyllus, a flower grown in gardens since the time of the Emperor Augustus, during whose reign, according to Pliny, it was introduced to Rome from Spain. Found on castle ruins both in France and England, it has been suggested that it made its way to England from France in Norman times on stone imported for building castles. It was popular in medieval times both for its colour and its clove scent, and from the latter was known as the `clove-gillyflower'. Many varieties have been bred such as those shown in this picture, which was painted by Peter Henderson. These belong to what are called `florist's flowers', that is, varieties conforming to certain recognized standards. Those with broad stripes of one colour were classed as `Flakes': the Flakes in this group were named by Thornton `Palmers's Dutchess of Dorset' and `Palmer's Defiance'. Those with stripes of two or three colours were known as `Bizarres': Thornton called the Bizarres in this group `Caustin's British Monarch' and `Midwinter's Dutchess of Wurtemburg'. Those with toothed and coloured edges to the petals were `Piquettes', in this case `Davey's Defiance' and `Princess of Wales'." (Ronald King. The Temple of Flora by Robert Thornton. 1981, p.60). Thornton's Temple of Flora is the greatest English colour-plate flower book. "...Thornton] inherited a competent fortune and trained as a doctor. He appears to have had considerable success in practice and was appointed both physician to the Marylebone Dispensary and lecturer in medical botany at Guy's and St. Thomas's hospitals. But quite early in his career he embarked on his...great work. What Redouté produced under the patronage of L'Héritier, Marie Antoinette, the Empress Josephine, Charles X and the Duchesse de Berry, Thornton set out to do alone... Numerous important artists were engaged.. twenty-eight paintings of flowers commissioned from Abraham Pether, known as `Moonlight Pether', Philip Reinagle, ... Sydenham Edwards, and Peter Henderson... The result... involved Thornton in desperate financial straits... In an attempt to extricate himself he organized the Royal Botanic Lottery, under the patronage of the Prince Regent... it is easy to raise one's eyebrows at Thornton's unworldly and injudicious approach to publishing... But he produced... one of the loveliest books in the world" (Alan Thomas Great Books and Book Collecting, pp.142-144). First state of two of this plate from the Temple of Flora. `Minute alterations which in no way affected the appearance of the prints were made at an early stage of this plate, which... is one of the finest of Thornton's productions. In its final state... the background has been entirely removed and a bluish white wash substituted, while the temple on the right has been re-engraved.. Impressions of the Carnations vary therefore more widely than any others.' (Handasyde Buchanan. Thornton's Temple of Flora, 1951, p.16).

      [Bookseller: Donald Heald Rare Books]
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        The Triumphs of Temper

      Chichester: Printed by J. Seagrave for T. Cadell and W. Davies. 1803. First printing. Hardcover. Near Fine. First printing to feature Flaxman's illustrations engraved by William Blake. Small 8vo (17 cm), full original tree calf, red spine label, gilt decorated spine compartments featured encircled rose medallions, 164 pp., six engraved copperplates. Unusually sharp and attractive copy, with some expert and hardly noticable japanese paper reinforcement to inner hinges, lightest rubbing to binding, contents very good and crisp, minor foxing, especially noticable to margins of the plates. Bookplate of Julius Hope Josephus, Baron Szilassy, a minor late 19th century diplomat and ownership signature of a forebear of his, L. A. Hope, 1807, on flyleaf.

      [Bookseller: Caliban Books ABAA-ILAB]
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        Le Livre des Mille Nuits et Une Nuit

      - Paris Librairie Charpentier et Fasquelle, 1803 Book. Very Good. Hardcover. A complete sixteen volume collection of 'Le Livre des Mille Nuits et Une Nuit' by John Charles Madras. Joseph Charles Mardrus, otherwise known as Jean-Charles Mardrus (18681949), born in Cairo, was a French physician and a noted translator. Today he is best known for his translation of the 'Le Livre des Mille Nuits et Une Nuit' aka 'Thousand and One Nights' from Arabic into French, which was published from 1898 to 1904, and was in turn rendered into English by Powys Mathers. One Thousand and One Nights is a collection of Middle Eastern and South Asian stories and folk tales compiled in Arabic during the Islamic Golden Age. It is often known in English as the Arabian Nights, from the first English language edition (1706), which rendered the title as The Arabian Nights' Entertainment. The work was collected over many centuries by various authors, translators and scholars across the Middle East, Central Asia and North Africa. The tales themselves trace their roots back to ancient and medieval Arabic, Persian, Indian, Turkish, Egyptian and Mesopotamian folklore and literature. Some of the stories of The Nights, particularly Aladdin's Wonderful Lamp, Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves and The Seven Voyages of Sinbad the Sailor, while almost certainly genuine Middle-Eastern folk tales, were not part of The Nights in Arabic versions, but were interpolated into the collection by Antoine Galland and other European translators. Mardrus's version of the Arabian Nights is racy, elegant, and highly readable. It is mentioned explicitly in the pages of A Remembrance of Things Past. Mardrus inserted a lot of imaginative material of his own, and his translation, while not wholly authentic, is very well written and developed. Complete in16 Volumes. In French. Condition: In half paper vellum bindings with cloth boards. Externally, generally smart with some wear to the top and tail of the spine and rubbing to the boards. Some marksandpartsof the paper vellum to Volumes XVI, XV andIX is torn or has some slight loss. Internally, firmly bound and age toned with some spotting throughout. Dusting to the text block edge which is encroaching onto the margins. Overall Condition: VERY GOOD..

      [Bookseller: Rooke Books]
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        Advice to Mothers, on the Subject of Their Own Health; and on the Means of Promoting the Health, Strength, and Beauty, of their Offspring.

      First Edition, 419pp (+advertisement leaf), large octavo, spine elaborately gilt in compartments, green morocco label, marbled boards, front hinge slightly worn but sound, an excellent attractive copy, London, Printed by A. Strahan, for T. Cadell and W. Davies, 1803. *Wellcome, II, p. 262. See Heirs of Hippocrates, 994. * Paediatrics, obstetrics, nursing and welfare provision for the poor. Includes chapters on: Hints to Women before Marriage; Rules of Conduct during Pregnancy; A Few Remarks on Childbirth; Nursing and Rearing of Children; On the Influence of Air on the Health and Lives of Children; Of Children's Dress; Of the Injury done to Children by the too early and unnecessary Use of Medicines; On Food proper for Children; Of Exercise and Rest during Infancy; Dwarfism; Baneful Effects of Parental Tenderness toward Children; Of Employments unfavourable to the Growth and Health of Children; Of Accidents; Of Foundling Hospitals and other Charitable Institutions for the Rearing of Poor or Deserted Children. The final part, a long Appendix (pp.377-419, set in a smaller typeface) is on nursing, Buchan discussing at length a pamphlet by a Dr Cadogan, agreeing with him that "the business of nursing has been too long fatally left to the management of women, who cannot be supposed to have proper knowledge to fit them for such a task, notwithstanding they look upon it to be their own province." * William Buchan (1729-1805) Scottish physician, educated Edinburgh University, entered a medical practice in Yorkshire and became a physician with the Foundling Hospital. His dissertation for his MD, in 1761, was 'On the Preservation of Infant Life'. He practiced as a physician at Edinburgh from 1766 to 1778, and relocated his practice to London in 1778. Buchan first published his immensely popular 'Domestic Medicine' in 1769 which sold 80,000 copies and was translated into many European languages and became a great standard work in households in England, Scotland, New England and the US Colonies. The present book is far rarer, particularly so in this first London edition. PROVENANCE: With the armorial bookplate and signature of Richard York (1786?-1843) of Wighill Park, Yorkshire; married 1801, Lady Mary Anne Lascelles from Harewood House, Yorkshire - daughter of Edward Lascelles 1st Earl of Harewood. (Perhaps this book was a gift in the early years of their marriage).

      [Bookseller: Jeffrey Stern Antiquarian Bookseller]
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        The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy. To which are added: Newton's System of the World; A Short Comment on, and Defence of, the Principia, by W. Emerson: with The Laws of the Moon's Motion according to Gravity, by John Machin. [Vols II & III only]

      London:: H.D. Symonds,, 1803.. New Edition (stated) - and the First English edn of Book III.. Hardcover. Very Good+. Vol II: [ii], 321, (i), [10] index: with 19 numbered fold-out diagrams and 2 folding tables; Vol III: vi, 231, [1] advert: with 10 fold-out diagrams (some numbered). Vol II constitutes Books II and III of the Principia, together with a 7-page appendix of explications furnished by the editor; Vol III contains Newton's System of the World and the pieces by Emerson and Machin. The foldout diagrams are toned, in a few cases heavily, as are the last few pages of Vol III: in other respects text and diagrams are in very good order. In contemporary half calf with marbled boards and endpapers, the spines ruled gilt and titled. Boards rubbed, joints and ends recently refurbished with Japanese tissue. An attractive part-set of the English edition.

      [Bookseller: Chapel Books]
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        The Temple of Nature; or The Origin of Society: A Poem with philosophical notes [with plates by Henry Fuseli]

      London: Printed for J. Johnson, St. Paul's Churchyard, by T. Bensley, Bolt Court, Fleet Street, 1803. First Edition. Half Leather, Paper-covered Boards. Near Fine. First Edition. 4to; [6], 174, [2], 124pp, with the half-title, frontispiece and three further full-page engravings, including The Creation of Eve after Henry Fuseli. Contemporary (probably original) half-leather, the spine ruled in blind in six compartments with a new red morocco label gilt, and blue paper-covered boards. A superb, wide-margined, unsophisticated copy, the binding tight and secure, the pages and plates fresh and virtually free of foxing, the plates in deep, dark, rich impressions. Provenance: Very pretty engraved oval book label of C. Hunt on the front paste down. OCLC Number: 3182406. Erasmus Darwin's final work, published posthumously, was this paean to evolution (he had adumbrated the concept at the end of a long footnote to The Loves of the Plants, published anonymously in 1789 and republished throughout the 1790s as part of The Botanic Garden—we also have a splendid copy of that work on offer: please inquire). In The Temple of Nature, considered his best poem, Darwin maps the progression of life from micro-organisms to civilized society. In the first canto, he traces the origin of life to the forces of heat, repulsion, attraction, and contraction on brute matter, with organic forms arising in the sea, moving onto land, and ultimately evolving into humans. Reproduction, the theme of Canto II , is shown to facilitate evolution through the inheritance of acquired characteristics and the emergence of new traits in sexual reproduction. (Recent research has exposed the debt owed to Erasmus by his more famous grandson, Charles. According to the ODNB, "It is now known that Charles's draft ‘Preliminary notice’ for Krause's (1879) essay on Erasmus's scientific work was substantially edited by Charles's daughter Henrietta in such a way as to underplay Charles's admiration for, and intellectual debt to, his grandfather. Early exposure to the ideas of Zoonomia was crucial in Charles's formulation of his theory of evolution and the connections between these two evolutionary theorists may have been underestimated.") The third canto celebrates the triumph of human reason in the accomplishments of natural philosophers and technological innovators such as Newton, Herschel, Savery, and Arkwright. In the final canto Darwin reflectes on the moral dimensions of his vision: accounting for death and destruction, including natural checks on human population growth, as necessary components in nature's progressive ways. (adapted from ODNB)

      [Bookseller: Fine Editions Ltd]
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        Reise von Glogau nach Sorrent, über Breslau, Wien, Triest, Venedig, Bologna, Florenz, Rom und Neapel. von dem Verfasser des Natalis

      Berlin, Maurer 1803 -1804. 18 cm. 3 Bände. 12, 290; 12, 340, (2); 16, 360 Seiten mit 3 gestochenen Frontispizes und 4 ausfaltbaren Kupfertafeln. Festeinband, Halbledereinband der Zeit mit Rückenschild, Rückenvergoldung und marmorierten Vorsätzen - Kosch DLL I, 390 - Engelmann, Geogr. 251 - Holzm. / Boh. Anonym II, 11550 - Erstausgabe, dicht bei Goedeke, Brümmer und Tresoldi. Typisches Beispiel für die Italien-Sehnsucht der Romantik. Benkowitz (1764 - 1807), war 1804 Kammersekretär in Glogau. Die Stationen seiner Reise waren Troppau, Brünn, Wien, Graz, Laibach, Triest, Treviso, Venedig, Padua, Bologna, Florenz, Siena, Viterbo, Rom, Terracina, Neapel, etc. Mit Ansichten des Palazzo Pitti und der Uffizien sowie 2 schönen Umrißkupfern des Golfs von Neapel. Exemplar aus der Bibliothek der Grafen von Schönborn-Buchheim mit gestochenem Wappen-Exlibris. Leicht berieben, innen stellenweise schwach gebräunt. -

      [Bookseller: Wenner Antiquariat]
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        Bibliothèque Portative Du Voyageur: 47 Volumes including Histoire de Gil Blas; Fables de La Fontaine; Théatre de Voltaire, etc

      T. Desoer; J.B. Fournier / Bibliothèque Portative Du Voyageur, Paris, 1803. Later Edition. Hardcover (Full Leather). Very Good. A collection of 47 volumes published by the Bibliothèque Portative, bound in uniform (save for Grecourt) acid calf. Various wear, a few detached boards, many cracked hinges, chips to spine ends, a few with significant loss of leather, some missing spine labels. Most though, Very Good. Includes: Le Sage. Gil Blas. 5 volumes. * Bossuet. Discours sur L'Histoire Universelle. 3 volumes. * Corneille. Chefs-D'Oeuvre. 5 volumes. * Racine. Oeuvres. 4 volumes. * Moliere. Oeuvres. 7 volumes. * Grammont. Memoires. 2 volumes. * Dumoustier. Lettres A Emilie sur la Mythologie. 3 volumes. * Voltaire. Theatre. 5 volumes. * La Fontaine. Fables. 2 volumes. * La Fontaine. Contes. 2 volumes. * Considerations sur les Causes de la Grandeur des Romains. * De Bernis. Oeuvres. * Bernard. Oeuvres. * Tressan. Histoires du Petit Jehan de Saintre. * Gresset. Oeuvres Choisies. * Daphnis et de Chloe. * Boileau. Oeuvres. * Grecourt. Oeuvres. * La Pucelle D'Orleans. Housed in a period travel box shaped like a book, now quite worn with the lid missing. A charming collection of this popular portable edition, meant to go on long journeys via the newly popular steamships. Volumes measure 3 5/8" x 2 3/4" some 1802, 1803, some undated. The box measures about 14" x 10" - the size of a thick folio volume. Size: 16mo . Text is clean and unmarked. All edges gilt in good condition. Quantity Available: 1. Shipped Weight: 2 lbs 0 oz. Category: Fiction Classic & Modern; Inventory No: 038370. .

      [Bookseller: Pazzo Books]
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        [COLLECTION OF FOURTEEN AUTOGRAPH LETTERS, SIGNED, AND MANUSCRIPT LETTERS OR CIRCULARS IN A SECRETARIAL HAND, FROM COMMODORE EDWARD PREBLE TO TOBIAS LEAR, THE AMERICAN CONSUL TO THE BARBARY STATES, DISCUSSING ALL THE MOST IMPORTANT ISSUES AND ACTIONS OF THE BARBARY WARS]

      Various ports and locations in the Mediterranean and the Barbary States. 1803-1804.. [25]pp. of manuscript, written on folded folio sheets. Several pages have tears from wax seals or otherwise, with some paper loss, affecting a few words of text on two letters, but generally with no loss of text or readability. Overall very good. In a half morocco and cloth clamshell case. A truly outstanding group of letters from Commodore Edward Preble to Tobias Lear, addressing all the most important issues in the era of the Barbary Wars. Preble, commander of the United States Mediterranean Squadron, and Lear, the consul in Algiers, were the two most important Americans in the most sensitive region for the United States. Theirs is a correspondence of the highest level, and offers unparalleled insights into the diplomatic and military policies of the United States during the Barbary Wars. Edward Preble and Tobias Lear likely knew each other since the 1770s, as both were students at Dummer Academy in Massachusetts in the early years of the American Revolution. In 1803 Preble was made commander of the Mediterranean Squadron and Tobias Lear was the newly- appointed American consul general to the Barbary States. The Mediterranean was an important trading region for the United States, but the region was a mine field as well, as pirates sponsored by the leaders of the Barbary states routinely harassed and attacked American shipping in the area. Preble and Lear sailed to the Mediterranean together in the summer of 1803, aboard the USS Constitution; Lear charged with improving American relations with Algiers, Tripoli, Tunis, and Morocco, and Preble with projecting American military might into the region, to protect American trading interests. The letters in this collection address the capture of the USS Philadelphia and the subsequent destruction of that ship by American forces in the bay of Tripoli; Preble's capture of the ship that was used in the American attack on the Philadelphia; strategies for ransoming the crew of the Philadelphia; Preble's blockade of the port of Tripoli and his attacks on Morocco and Tripoli; and much more. The letters in this collection are dated September, 1803 to December, 1804. Four of the letters appear to be completely in Preble's hand, while the other ten are in secretarial hands. Commodore Edward Preble (1761-1807) was born at Falmouth (now Portland, Maine). He joined the Massachusetts state navy in 1780, and participated in battles against the Royal Navy and Loyalist privateers. For a brief time he was held prisoner by the British aboard the prison ship, Jersey. After the war he engaged as a master and supercargo of merchants vessels sailing to Europe, Africa, and the West Indies. By the time of the "Quasi War" in the 1790s he was eager to join the American navy, and was commissioned a lieutenant in 1798, and was promoted to captain the following year. In 1803-1804 Preble was commander of the U.S. Mediterranean Squadron, arguably the most important command in the navy at the time. The United States was at war with the Barbary states and Preble's activities in this period - the period covered by the present group of letters - are what made his reputation. He fought successfully against Morocco and Tripoli and engineered, with Stephen Decatur, the destruction of the captured American frigate, Philadelphia. After his return to the United States he supervised the construction of gunboats and served as an adviser to the Navy. Tobias Lear (1762-1816) is best known for his service as George Washington's personal secretary, and for his diplomatic work. He served as Washington's aid from 1786 to 1793, and again from 1798 until Washington's death the next year. He was very close to the Washington family - he married two of Washington's nieces, was at George Washington's bedside when he died, and was executor of his estate. Lear's activities in that capacity were clouded by controversy, as he was suspected of destroying several of Washington's personal papers after the General's death. Thomas Jefferson appointed Lear as consul to Saint Domingue during the reign of Touissant Louverture, a position he held for a year, until May, 1802. Shortly afterward, Jefferson appointed Lear as consul general to the Barbary states. Stationed at Algiers, he held the sensitive post until 1812, when the dey of Algiers expelled him. Lear's tenure as consul in Algiers was controversial as well, as he negotiated a treaty with the pasha of Tripoli in 1805, which included provisions to pay a ransom of $60,000 for the captive crew of the American ship, USS Philadelphia. During the War of 1812 Lear negotiated with the British over prisoner-of-war exchanges in northern New York. He committed suicide in 1816. The earliest letter in this group was written by Preble from Gibraltar Bay on September 30, 1803, just over two weeks after he and Lear arrived at Gibraltar with the USS Constitution. The pressing matter at hand for the United States was the hostility of Morocco, and Preble writes Lear: "I had had correspondence with Mr. Simpson. Shall make you fully acquainted with the present state of affairs with our Morocco 'friends' [underlined in the original] as soon as I see you." In another letter, dated the next day, Preble invites Lear to join him for lunch, no doubt to inform him of the steps he is taking to bring the Moroccan sultan to heel. Preble gathered his naval forces quickly, and on October 3rd he wrote Lear again, inviting him to join him aboard the Constitution for another update on the rapidly evolving situation: "I have rec'd. dispatches from Mr. Simpson & wish to consult you immediately. Be so good as to come in the boat which brings you this, as I cannot leave the ship at present. I shall sail this afternoon." By mid-November Preble had managed to wring concessions from the Moroccans, but was now occupied with Tripoli. On November 14th Preble wrote Lear to coordinate their movements toward Algiers: "Your proposition to wait at Algiers until the spring, I think prudent and proper, as the season is now too far advanced for active operations against Tripoli, with any prospect of success." The next document in the present collection is a manuscript copy of Preble's announcement of the blockade of the harbor of Tripoli. It is written in the form of a circular, in a secretarial hand, addressed to Lear, datelined at the Bay of Algiers, and signed by Preble as "commander in chief of the United States Ships of War in the Mediterranean." The text reads: "Sir, Whereas the United States of America, and the Regency of Tripoli, are in a state of war and actual hostility with each other; I have thought proper in order to distress the enemy, by preventing any supplies from reaching him, to blockade the port of Tripoli by a detachment of ships of war acting under my orders; and you are hereby requested to communicate this information to the government of Algiers, and to all the consuls of neutral powers residing there, that they may warn the vessels of their respective flags, that all neutral vessels that attempt to enter the port of Tripoli, or are met with on the coast of that port, after this notice as received by such neutral powers, will be stopped by the squadron under my command, and sent into port for adjudication." The next letter in the group is present in two copies, both in a secretarial hand. It was written by Preble from Malta harbor, and is dated January 17, 1804. Preble discusses the situation of the captured ship, USS Philadelphia, his plans for a prisoner exchange in order to free its crew - which was being held in Tripoli - and also relates news of his capture of a Turkish vessel. He alludes to plans being formed with regard to Tripoli (likely the attack on the Philadelphia, which would take place a month later), but tells Lear that he is loath to brief him by letter, but will send someone to Algiers to fill him in on his plans: "I was honored with your esteem'd favor by the Siren, and most sincerely deplore the loss of the Philadelphia and its attendant consequences - it was to me an unexpected & mortifying circumstance, but we must make the best of it. I have not yet had it in my power to send a boat on shore of Tripoli on account of the severe weather I met with near that Coast. On the 23rd of December in sight of Tripoli I captured a vessel under Turkish colours from that Port only a few hours out, bound to Bengara. She had on board two Tripoline officers of distinction, a number of Tripoline soldiers, 30 young black women and 12 black boys, some belonging to the Bashaw, and some to Tripoline merchants, and some of the officers side arms &c. captured in the Philadelphia. The prize is now in Syracuse where I have established my head quarters. I came here yesterday in the Vixen to have the papers of the prize translated, and to forward some necessary supplies to Captain Bainbridge, his officers and crew. I hope this capture will enable me to effect the release of some of our countrymen and I have proposed an exchange. I shall write you as soon as I know the results of my proposition to the Bashaw & shall by the next opportunity send you copies of my letters. It will not do to be too anxious for the ransom of our friends, as the Bashaws demands will undoubtedly be too exorbitant to meet the concurrence of our government. I am taking measures to lessen his pretensions as soon as the weather becomes favorable to our operations and hope to convince him that it will be for his interest to make peace on reasonable terms. It would be imprudent in me at present to make known to you by letter my plans. I shall 'ere long send a vessel to Algiers you will then have all the information I can give you." Preble's next letter was written two weeks later, on January 31, from Syracuse harbor. It is a remarkable letter, divulging plans for Stephen Decatur's daring attack on the Philadelphia using the ship that Preble has just captured, and discussing with Lear possible strategies for negotiating with Tripoli for the American sailors captured from the Philadelphia, including the payment of a ransom. Preble writes: "Since my last letter to you I have discovered that the prize I took off Tripoly [sic] the 23rd ulto. under Turkish colours was in that port when the Philadelphia ran on the rocks; and that the captain who pretended to be a Turk took on board upwards of an hundred Tripolines armed with swords and muskets - slipped his cables - hauled down the Turk's and hoisted Tripoline colours, and went out to the attack; and as soon as the frigate surrendered boarded her, plundered the officers and men, and conducted them as prisoners to the Bashaw. In consequence of this conduct I have detained him and his crew, and shall make prize of the vessel. The captain and crew having acted hostile towards our flag under enemies colours, I cannot release either the vessel or them, as I have no doubt but should they meet an American merchant vessel they would without hesitation capture her. If a Tripoline, he is a prize, if a Turk, a pirate. I find on translation of the papers that 23 of the negroes belonging to the Bashaw of Tripoly, which he intended as presents to the captain Pacha and other officers; and 20 of them belonged to the officers and merchants of Tripoly, which were for sale....The prize is equipped as a cruiser. She sails tomorrow with 70 volunteers from the squadron on board, under the command of Captain Decatur whose orders are to burn the Philadelphia in the harbour of Tripoly. The Siren brig goes with him to assist with her boats and cover the retreat. I hope they will succeed; it is of national importance that they should." Preble then discusses the situation of the captured crew of the Philadelphia, and possibly paying a ransom for their freedom: "I have rec'd. letters from Capt. B[ainbridge] as late as the 18th inst. He complains of not having received one from me, notwithstanding I have written several from Malta last week. I forwarded clothing, stores & money to a considerable amount to the care of the English and Danish consuls. The Bashaw has received my proposals for an exchange of prisoners ere this, but I have no answer. While I was at Malta I received proposals from the Bashaw of Tripoly's agent for a peace, which he says he is authorised by the Bashaw to negotiate. The Bashaw finds we are making considerable preparations for the next summer, and has become alarmed. His agent proposes a truce for 10 years. I told him that would not do. I had several consultations with him and assured him we never would consent to pay a cent for Peace or Tribute. He then proposed that we should give the Bashaw 500 dollars for each of the Philadelphia's officers and crew - a schooner in exchange for the frigate, and make peace without money or tribute and that they would exchange 60 Americans for the sixty Tripolines in my possession. This would be gaining peace on more reasonable terms than is expected by our government. Say 300 American captives; 60 Tripolines deduct'd; leaves 240 at 500 doll. each, $120,000 and we should gain something by exchanging one of the worst schooners for the frigate. If you could prevail on Mr. O'Brien [Lear's predecessor as consul at Algiers] to come here with Capt. Smith as he speaks the language of Barbary, he could be of infinite service in any negotiation. I should be glad to see you both here, and wish I had a larger vessel to send for your accomodation [sic]; but if you cannot leave Algiers at present what sum will you authorise me to pay for the ransom of the officers and crew of the Philadelphia, if the Bashaw will make peace without money - without any annual tribute or any consular present - except a small present at the reception of the first consul that is appointed? I am anxious to know your opinion, as I expect further proposals from the Bashaw in three weeks." Ultimately, Tobias Lear negotiated an agreement with Tripoli in 1805, in which the United States paid $60,000 in ransom for the crew of the Philadelphia. The agreement drew much scorn in the United States, most of it directed at Lear. On June 19, 1804, from the USS Constitution at Tunis Bay, Preble wrote Lear a long and interesting letter regarding his hopes for negotiation with Tripoli, but detailing the preparations he has made to attack the harbor of Tripoli should need be. Preble appealed to the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies for boats and weapons, which he ultimately used to attack Tripoli's maritime defenses numerous times in August and early September, 1804. He writes that since his last letter "the squadron has closely blockaded Tripoly. The 4th of May I left this Bay for Naples and applied to the King for the loan of six gun and two mortar boats completely prepared for service, with a sufficient stock of naval and military stores for a siege. I also applied for six long battering cannon 26 pounders for the upper deck of this ship, the whole was immediately granted. I took on board the battering cannon, nine hundred shot, and one hundred barrels of powder at Naples, and sailed for Messina where I remained three days, and sailed for Syracuse with six gun boats under American colours, each carrying a long 26 pounder, and manned with 30 Americans. The bombards will be ready in a few days; I intend then to make a dash at the Tripolotans, and I hope with success." While he prepared for war with Tripoli, Preble pursued a two-track negotiation: using the French consul, Bonaventure Beaussier, as an intermediary, and also sending his own officers to open channels of communication with the leader of Tripoli. He writes: "I enclose you copies of two letters from Mr. Beaussier and my answers [not included with this collection] - you will readily discover he is no friend of ours. I also send you a copy of my instructions to Captain O'Brien [also not included here] the 13th instant where I sent him on shore at Tripoly to endeavour to negotiate for the ransom of our country men, and for peace if the Bashaw should desire it. I conceived your letter of the 23rd march by the Vixen sufficient authority for me to say that I was empowered to ransom the prisoners, and make peace whenever it could be done consistent with the honor and dignity of the United States. The terms offered, I presume, would have been satisfactory to our government, if they had been accepted, and hope I shall be able ere long to oblige the Bashaw to accept, although he has been so imprudent as to refuse them....It is truly singular that the French consul did not see Mr. O'Brien when he landed at Tripoly, notwithstanding he has instructions from his government to endeavour to procure the liberation of the officers and crew of the Philadelphia." In this same letter Preble also discusses what he considers the petty complaints of the leaders of the Barbary states with regard to ships seized by the U.S. Navy, relates his understanding of American reinforcements on their way to the Mediterranean ("with such a force at hand, we shall have nothing to fear from the powers of Barbary combined"), and describes the efforts he has taken to alleviate the condition of the prisoners taken from the USS Philadelphia: "Captain Bainbridge complains of the want of clothing for his people. I have now on board this ship a sufficient quantity ready made for them to last more than twelve months but have not been permitted to send them shore. I hope to in a few days as well as a quantity of stores, and a full supply of cash." The final letter, dated at Naples on December 22, 1804, is a copy of a letter (noted "triplicate") written from Preble to Commodore Samuel Barron. Barron, who was senior to Preble in rank and led a larger and more powerful squadron than Preble's, replaced him as commander of the United States fleet in the Mediterranean in September, 1804. Preble notes that his ship will sail "direct for the United States" that evening, and writes Barron with information on negotiations he had undertaken with Palermo for more guns and ships to use in the fight with the Barbary states. Preble says that he came to Palermo armed with letters of introduction to the Prime Minister and King, and though he had audiences with both he was unable to secure any additional weapons or ships. He suspects "that French influence here has deprived us of the gun boats....Beware of the French consul in Tripoli, for I believe him to be our enemy." Preble advises Barron to approach the Maltese for gun boats, mortars, and shells, and gives his "ardent wishes for your prosperity and that of the squadron under your command." A collection of letters of the highest importance, addressing all the most important issues and actions of the Barbary Wars in 1803-1804, written from the commander of American naval forces to the leading American diplomat in the region.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        [MANUSCRIPT LETTER, SIGNED, FROM THE FRENCH COLONIAL PREFECT OF LOUISIANA, LAUSSAT, TO CAPTAIN GUILLERMO DUPARC, COMMANDANT OF THE POINT COUPEE POST, TELLING HIM OF THE SPANISH RETROCESSION OF LOUISIANA TO THE FRENCH, AND INSTRUCTING HIM TO TAKE THE NECESSARY MEASURES TO EXERT CONTROL OVER HIS PARISH]

      New Orleans. December 10 [i.e. 9], 1803 [17 Frimaier an 12].. [1]p. letter on a folded folio sheet, with engraved scene entitled "Republique Francaise" at the top of the first page. A few manuscript notes and calculations on the second and fourth pages. Old folds. Some soiling on fourth page, a bit of ink bleedthrough. Very good. [with:] [PRINTED INVITATION, SENT BY THE FRENCH COLONIAL PREFECT OF LOUISIANA, LAUSSAT, FOR A GALA IN HONOR OF THE SPANISH COMMANDER IN LOUISIANA, AND IN ANTICIPATION OF HANDING THE LOUISIANA TERRITORY OVER TO THE UNITED STATES]. December 11, 1803 [19 Frimaire an XII]. [1]p., printed on a folded quarto sheet, addressed in manuscript on the fourth page. Small tear in upper right corner of first page, half-inch split along one fold. Very good. The pair in a half morocco clamshell case, cloth chemises. A remarkable pair of documents, announcing to a local French commander the completion of the transfer of Louisiana from Spanish to French control, and inviting him to an upcoming gala in honor of the local Spanish commander and the forthcoming transfer of Louisiana Territory to the United States. The letter and invitation are both addressed to Captain Guillermo Duparc, commandant of the Point Coupee military outpost, just northwest of Baton Rouge. Pierre Clément de Laussat, the last French Colonial Prefect of Louisiana, arrived there in late March 1803, just a month before the Louisiana Purchase Treaty was signed in Paris (on April 30). Spain had ceded Louisiana to the French in the Treaty of San Ildefonso of 1800, though the provisions of the treaty had remained a secret; his immediate responsibility was to oversee the transfer from Spain to France. Laussat had been hearing rumors since his arrival of a potential sale of Louisiana from France to the Americans, and those rumors were officially confirmed to him in August. In May 1803 the Spanish commanders of Louisiana, including the Marquis de Casa Calvo, announced the forthcoming retrocession of Louisiana from Spanish to French control, a process that was formally completed on November 30, 1803. In the present letter, dated just nine days after the completion of the Spanish retrocession, Laussat writes Duparc, sending him (in translation from the French) "the order which I have issued concerning taking possession of the French Republic of Louisiana in your district. I reached an agreement on it, in advance, with the Commissioners of S.M.C. [Sa Majeste Catholique, i.e. King Charles IV of Spain] dated the 12th of Frimaire [December 4, 1803]." Laussat writes that, along with the proclamation, he is sending Duparc various decrees regarding the circumstances of French control and asks him to redouble his efforts for tranquility, peace, and order in his district. The proclamation and decrees mentioned by Laussat are not present with this letter. The manuscript letter is on Laussat's official letterhead, with the seal of the French Republic and the engraved text, "Marine. Coloniea. Louisiane." Interestingly, Laussat has annotated the pre-printed portion of the letter, changing his title from "Colonial Prefect of Louisiana" to "Colonial Prefect Commissioner of the French Government," reflecting the new political situation after the Spanish hand- over of the territory to the French just nine days earlier. The printed invitation is also addressed to M. Duparc, and is very rare, located by Jumonville in only one other copy, at the Historic New Orleans Collection. Dated December 11, 1803, it invites Duparc to a soiree hosted by Laussat on "next Thursday," the 15th of December. The party was being held to commemorate the transfer of Louisiana from Spanish to French control, and its impending transfer to the United States. More specifically the party was in honor of the Spanish commander, the Marquis de Casa-Calvo, brigadier of the Spanish armies, in thanks for the Spaniards' efforts in recent days, and as a sign of the union and friendship between the Spanish and French governments. On December 20, 1803, just eleven days after writing this letter and five days after his gala in honor of Casa-Calvo, Laussat presided over the ceremony officially transferring Louisiana Territory to the United States. Laussat's manuscript letter and printed invitation of Captain Duparc are rare survivals, and fascinating evidence of the political, military, and social aspects of events in Louisiana in 1803, from the Spanish transfer of control of the territory to France, to the official completion of the Louisiana Purchase by the United States. Printed invitation: JUMONVILLE 86.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        Poems on Various Subjects

      Sold by Longman and Rees and J. Hatchard London: Sold by Longman and Rees and J. Hatchard 1803 First edition. Contemporary blue boards, uncut and partially unopened, rebacked to style, with new printed paper label. . Octavo. Long subscriber's list at rear (according to Jackson, the subscribers totaled 3,000). Edges of boards rubbed, old ownership signature, dated 1859. A very good copy. This is the first book of Anne MacVicar Grant (1755-1838), the Glasgow-born poet and author. Grant and her mother followed her father, a military man, to New York in 1758, and they remained there for ten years. She discusses her experiences in Memoirs of an American Lady (1808). In 1779, she married a clergyman named Grant, who was garrison-chaplain at Fort Augustus and minsiter of the parish of Laggan in Inverness-shire. Her husband's death in 1801 left her penniless and in need of providing for her children, so she began a writing career. Her works include Letters from the Mountains; being the real correspondence of a lady between the years 1773 and 1807 (1807), Essays on the Superstitions of the Highlanders (1811), and translations of Ossian. Her literary friends included Scott, Lockhart, and DeQuincey.

      [Bookseller: Michael R. Thompson, Booksellers, ABAA/I]
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        Opera. Recensuit et illustravit Frid. Guil. Doering. Tomus primus. + Opera omnia recensuit et Illustravit Fridericus. Guil. Doering. Tomus secundus. Editio secunda auctior et emendatior.

      2 volumes. Caspar Fritsch, Leipzig 1803-1828. 8vo. XXXVI+469 + XVI+381+(4]+348+(4) pages. Contemporary brown-calf bindings with lavishly gilt decorations on spines Title-labels (somewhat crackeled) in red and green. The bindings are almost uniform, but due to the span of time between the publication of each, there are minor variations. Ink stamp on titlepage of volume 1 and on flyleaf in vol. 2. Minor foxing in vol.1.. A lovely set of Doerings excellent edition of the works of Horace, with volume 1 in first edition

      [Bookseller: Vangsgaards Antikvariat]
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        Architettura universale... in compendio riformata con alcune annotazioni da baldassarre orsini. in perugia, dai torchi di carlo baduel, 1803.

      Tre volumi legati in uno di cm. 23, pp. xvi, 110 (2); 163 (1); 110 + 1 cb. Con 26 tavole incise fuori testo, di cui alcune ripiegate. Solida legatura dle tempo in mezza pelle, dorso liscio con fregi in oro e titoli su doppio tassello. Esemplare particolarmente fresco e marginoso (in barbe), in eccellente stato di conservazione.

      [Bookseller: Studio Bibliografico Benacense]
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        Magasin för blomster-älskare och idkare af trädgårds-skötsel.

      Stockholm, Carl Delén, 1803. 36 delvis handkolorerade kopparstick (alla) + beledsagande textsidor. Samtida halvskinnband med guldornerad rygg. 29,5 X 24 s. Planscherna delvis något brunfläckade, 1 textblad med bläckfläckar, text delvis brunfläckad. Titelblad med lagad reva i nedre yttre hörn, fläck i inre hörn

      [Bookseller: Antikvariat Röda Rummet AB]
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        SCRITTORI CLASSICI ITALIANI DI ECONOMIA POLITICA.

      In-8, bross. orig., 50 voll. Offriamo "tutto il pubblicato" di questa importante collana di economia, curata da Pietro Custodi, e composta di due serie: "Parte Antica" tomi I-VII - "Parte Moderna" tomi I-XLI + 1 vol. di ?Supplimento? + 1 vol. di ?Indici generali?. E' questa la prima raccolta completa, con notizie e studi sull'economia, l'agricoltura, i tributi e la moneta, nonchè appendici legislative, del Sette e Ottocento. La "Parte antica" raccoglie i seguenti autori: Serra, Turbolo - Davanzati, Scaruffi - Montanari - Broggia (2 voll.) - Neri (2 voll.). La "Parte moderna": Bandini, Algarotti - Belloni, Pagnini - Galiani (4 voll.) - Genovesi (4 voll.) - Beccaria (2 voll.) - Carli (2 voll.) - Verri (3 voll.) - Zanon (2 voll.) - Paoletti - Ortes (7 voll.) - Briganti (2 voll.) - D'Arco (2 voll.) - Filangeri - Vasco (3 voll.) - Mengotti - Palmieri (2 voll.) - Delfico, Coriani, Solera - Cantalupo, Caracciolo, Scrofani - Ricci. Cfr. "Catalogo della Biblioteca Einaudi",5193. Il vol. di ?Supplimento? è in fotocopia. Nel ns. esempl. solo le bross. con piccoli strappi o piccole manc., altrim. tutti i testi, con barbe e pressochè intonsi, sono ben conservati.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Malavasi]
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        HENRY (William) Experiments on the Quantity of Gases Absorbed by Water, at Different Temperatures, and under Different Pressures, pp. 29-274. Presented within the complete volume of the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, Vol 93.

      * First appearance of this highly important paper in which Henry announced his discovery of the law, (later termed "Henry's Law", which stated that when a gas is absorbed in a liquid the weight of the gas dissolved is directly proportional to the pressure of the gas over the liquid). This discovery contributed directly to Dalton's the atomic theory (see: Parkinson: Breakthroughs: 1803 C) "Dalton's own experiments on the solution of gases and the stimulus afforded by Henry's work have been seen as crucial in the development of the atomic theory."(DSB, VI p. 285). Presented within the complete volume of the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, Vol 93, Parts I and II (complete), bound in one volume for 1803, comprising, iv, 514pp tall quarto, with 16 extending or folding engraved plates, late 19thC morocco backed library cloth with a neat unlinked library name stamp on general title and foot of last leaves, also an inked library stamp verso title, title with early repair to outer margin, a good copy, London, Bulmer, sold by Nicol, printers to the Royal Society,1803. * A FULL LIST OF CONTENTS OF THIS VOLUME SENT ON REQUEST. Other papers include: HATCHETT (Charles) Experiments and Observations on the Various Alloys, on the Specific Gravity, and on the Comparative Wear of Gold. Being the Substance of a Report Made to the Right Honourable the Lords of the Committee of Privy Council, Appointed to Take into Consideration the State of the Coins of This Kingdom, and the Present Establishment and Constitution of His Majesty's Mint , pp.43-194; HERSCHEL (William) Observations of the Transit of Mercury over the Disk of the Sun; To Which is Added, an Investigation of the Causes Which Often Prevent the Proper Action of Mirrors, 214-232; DAVY (Humphry) An Account of Some Experiments and Observations on the Constituent Parts of Certain Astringent Vegetables; And on Their Operation in Tanning, pp.233-273; CHENEVIX (Richard) Enquiries Concerning the Nature of a Metallic Substance Lately Sold in London, as a New Metal, under the Title of Palladium [* NB a famous scientific hoax], pp.290-320; HERSCHEL (William) Account of the Changes That Have Happened, during the Last Twenty-Five Years, in the Relative Situation of Double-Stars; With an Investigation of the Cause to Which They Are Owing, pp.339-382.

      [Bookseller: Jeffrey Stern Antiquarian Bookseller]
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        A Treatise of the Pleas of the Crown. Two Volumes

      Only English edition of East's principal work, the first substantial treatment of English criminal law following Blackstone's, one which "won immediate authority" and based in large part on eleven manuscripts upon which East labored for some years. Contemporary calf, worn, rebacked, somewhat strained, but a good set, with the bookplates of Lord Tiverton and of Owen Biddle on the front pastedown. Printed by A. Strahan . . . for J. Butterworth [etc.], London, 1803.

      [Bookseller: Meyer Boswell Books, Inc.]
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        The Luxembourg or Palais du Senat with the Gardens and the Church of St. Sulpice on the left

      London: Richard Phillips, 71 St. Pauls Church Yard, Oct. 1st, 1803. Engraving. Printed on wove paper. In excellent condition with the exception of two skillfully mended tears on the top margin outside the platemark. Top left corner has been expertly in-filled. Small mended tear on left margin outside platemark. Three tiny mended tears on bottom edge of sheet. 10 9/16 x 19 ½ inches. 14 x 21 7/8 inches. 17 ½ x 24 ¾ inches. A charming view of the Luxembourg Gardens in Paris published by Richard Phillips, the infamous Jacobite printseller. Towards the middle of the eighteenth century a trend developed amongst English and European artists and printmakers, which sought to visually record their country's natural beauties. Sparked by a sense of national confidence and patriotism, artists and printmakers began to publish topographical prints of important sights and architectural attractions. In addition to being a visual record of the countryside they were meant to encourage public recognition of national treasures. These topographical prints were aimed at English and foreign tourists who desired a memento of their travels, or at those vicarious tourists who collected topographical prints instead of traveling. Published in both English and French this charming view is a superb example of the popular topographical prints, which Phillips sold in great quantity in his London shop.A true jack-of-all-trades, Sir Richard Phillips (1767 - 1840), was one of the most fascinating men of his day. Born in London to a Leicestershire family, his original name was Philip Richard. He began his career as hosier, but in 1790 established himself as a publisher and bookseller in Leicester. In 1792 he founded the "Leicester Herald", which he used as a platform for his radical beliefs. An ardent Jacobite, Phillip's shop became a depot for radical literature of the revolutionary period. In 1795 he was imprisoned for selling Paines' "Rights of Man", but he continued to edit the Leicester Herald throughout his imprisonment. After his release he set up his business in London where he established the infamous, "Monthly" magazine. In 1807 he became a sheriff of the City of London and was knighted in 1808. His publications included a vast number of elementary class books and cheap manuals as well as fine art prints and maps. Dictionary of National Biography

      [Bookseller: Donald Heald Rare Books ]
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        YOUNG (Thomas) The Bakerian Lecture: Experiments and Calculations Relative to Physical Optics, pp.1-16,

      outer margins slightly browned, but a good large copy. Presented within the complete volume of the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, Vol 93. * "Young was the last of the natural philosophers who could know all that there was to be known. He perfected the wave theory of light, he expounded the mechanism of vision, stated the laws of blood circulation, introduced the modern conceptions of 'energy' and 'work done', evolved a sound theory of tides, and helped to decipher the hieroglyphics of the Rosetta Stone. In his Bakerian Lecture, November 1803, he based himself firmly on the theory that 'radiant light consists of undulations of the luminous ether': a theory that held the field until the latter-day notions of Planck and J. J. Thomson" (Printing and the Mind of Man). * First appearance of this groundbreaking paper giving the first convincing evidence that the fringes are produced by interference of light waves, and giving the experimental demonstrations of the general law of Interference. This important demonstration served as the experimental basis for the wave hypothesis of light. Young also shows in this paper that diffraction effects can be explained by the interference law. * "The experimental basis for the wave hypothesis of light as Young formulated it was interference. The fact has already been observed that two trains of water waves may be so superposed that in certain regions the troughs of one train will lie continuously on the crests of another, thereby producing zero disturbance... Destructive interference is said to occur between the two trains of waves in the former case and constructive interference in the latter. Similarly, two sound waves may be so combined as to produce alternate regions of silence and enhanced sound. The phenomenon of interference, of which the forgoing are familiar examples, is easily comprehensible in the case of combining waves, but would be utterly incomprehensible in the case of combining streams of particles. So when Young demonstrated in 1803 [in the present paper] that two beams of light could, under properly controlled conditions be made to combine in such a way as to produce alternate regions of darkness and light, he was rightly considered to have identified in light a characteristic property of waves." (Lloyd Taylor in: Physics. The Pioneer Science. p. 511). Presented within the complete volume of the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, Vol 93, Parts I and II (complete), bound in one volume for 1804, comprising, iv, 514pp tall quarto, with 8 [of 9?] extending or folding engraved plates, [no plate 6 but not apparently called for in the text] late 19thC library cloth (front hinge worn) with a neat unlinked library name stamp on general title and foot of last leaves, also an inked library stamp verso title, pp.iii-iv with crude early repair to inner margin, margins slightly browned but a good large copy, London, Bulmer, sold by Nicol, printers to the Royal Society,1803. * A FULL LIST OF CONTENTS OF THIS VOLUME SENT ON REQUEST. Other papers include: RUMFORD (Benjamin, Count) An Enquiry concerning the Nature of Heat, and the Mode of Its Communication, pp. 77-182; HERSCHEL (William) Continuation of an Account of the Changes That Have Happened in the Relative Situation of Double Stars, pp.353-384; HATCHETT (Charles) Observations on the Change of Some of the Proximate Principles of Vegetables into Bitumen; With Analytical Experiments on a Peculiar Substance Which is Found with the Bovey Coal, pp.385-410.

      [Bookseller: Jeffrey Stern Antiquarian Bookseller]
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        The History of the Maroons, From Their Origin to the Establishment of Their Chief Tribe at Sierra Leone: Including the Expedition to Cuba, From the Purpose of Procuring Spanish Chasseurs; And the State of the Island of Jamaica for the Last Ten Years: With a Succinct History of the Island Previous to that Period.

      London: Printed by A. Strahan, for T. N. Longman and O. Rees, 1803. xiiI, cxiv, 359 pp + xi, [i], 514, [ii] pp + folding maps and plates. 1st ed., in modern half calf. Volume 2 with water stains affecting first few and last few pages also last few pages with creases.

      [Bookseller: Pennymead Books]
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        Napoleon Bonaparte Né 1769, Premier Consul en France 1799. Empereur de Francois 1804.

      Peint par Lefevre 1803. Gravé a Stockholm par J. Fred. Martin 1804. Plate mark 39,5 x 28 cm. The whole sheet 51,5 x 35,5 cm. Aquatint over etching, line engraving and roulette work. Printed on laid paper. Large margins. A tear to the right margin. A crease to the lower margin up to, but not into, the image area. A little dirt and foxing to the margins. Nice condition.. A fine portrait of Napoleon executed by the eminent swedish artist Johan Fredrik Martin (1755-1816) after an original by the french artist Robert Lefevre (1755-1830). Martin was educated in England in the 1770s. His main work was "Svenska Vuer", a great plate book in folio depicting towns and views from all over Sweden. He was also a very skilled portrait engraver. Here we have a fine example of such a work. A rare and sought after plate of Napoleon

      [Bookseller: Hammarlunds Antikvariat]
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        Philosophische Rechtslehre und Kritik aller positiven Gesetzgebung; mit Beleuchtigung der gewöhnlichen Fehler in der Bearbeitung des Naturrechts.

      Jena, 1803. 8vo. Cont. marbled boards. Spine w. lack of marbled paper and minor lack at capitals. Front hinge a bit weak. Title-pagewith a bit of brownspotting, otherwise nice and clean. XX, 179 pp.. The very rare first edition of Fries' highly influential first book, one of his main works, and a work of great importance to the development of German philosophy in the 19th and 20th centuries. In turn, Fries', now largely forgotten ideas, have been of profound influence on the likes of Popper, Jung, Hayek, etc.Jakob Friedrich Fries (1773-1843), born in Barby, Saxony, studied at Leipzig and Jena. He became dozent at Jena in 1801, professor of philosophy and elementary mathematics at Heidelberg in 1805, and professor of philosophy in 1814. In 1816 Fries accepted the chair of theoretical philosophy at Jena.Fries was a disciple of Kant, although he did not agree with him on all points (e.g. on the notion of the "Ding an sich"), and he set out to reshape the field of critical philosophy - to great success, leaving behind the basis for a profoundly influencing school of philosophy, based on a psychology which went from metaphysics into empiricism, thereby embracing natural science.Fries was considered a thinker of great format, and he became a leading proponent of the empirical-psychological or anthropological critique of reason, which came to influence both contemporary, but especially later, thinkers profoundly. He went against the proponents of idealism and metaphysical logic and places the foundation for the critique of reason in the psychological analysis of the consciousness, thereby understanding the empirical psychology as the actual founding philosophical science.Fries begins his "Philosophische Rechtslehre", written 18 years before Hegel's "Grundlienien der Philosophie des Rechts" and four years after Kant's "Metaphysische Anfangsgrunde der Rechtslehre", by, for the first time in print, seminally stating the beginnings of that which was to become the guiding motive for almost all of his philosophy, and that which came to have so profound an influence on two centuries of philosophers, here applied to philosophy of law: "If we pose the question what just ("Recht") or unjust ("Unrecht") would be, then we are not out to discover, what usually happens, or what necessarily must happen in order to reach a certain goal, on the contrary, we assume a law ("Gesetz"), according to which some things are downright forbidden, other things allowed, according to which some things must happen, other things can happen; We thereby invoke the authority of an internal law, which simply and with no previous conditions dictates us what is going to happen or decides what could happen. When we ask what would be is just ("recht"), then we want to know what could or could not happen according to this inner law." (P. VI: "Wenn wir nach dem fragen, was Recht oder Unrecht sey, so ist es uns nicht darum zu thun zu erfahren, was gewöhnlich zu geschehen pflege, oder was nothwndig geschehen müsse, um einen gegebenen Zweck zu erreichen, sondern wir setzen ein Gesetz voraus, nach welchem einiges schlechthin geboten, anderes erlaubt ist, nach dem einiges geschehen soll, anderes geschehen darf; wir berufen uns dabey auf ein inneres Gesetz, welches uns schlechthin und ohne vorausgehende Bedingungen befiehlt, was geschehen solle oder bestimmt, was geschehen dürfe. Wenn wir fragen, was recht sey, so wollen wir wissen, was gemässdiesem inneren Gesetze geschehen könne oder nicht."). Fries' teaching formed the basis for the so-called "Neofriesian School" (neofriesianische Shule) with the ingenious thinker Leonard Nelson as the leader. The "Neofriesian School" concentrated on philosophy of law and especially on the foundational question of "Rationalisierung der rechtlich-volitiven" sphere, and with intervals it has had quite an influence on philosophical ever since its foundation. Again in recent times, have the teachings of Fries been awoken. A good example of this is provided by the electronic journal made in the tradition of the Friesian School: "Taking up again the tradition of the Friesian School, this is a non-peer-reviewed electronic journal and archive of philosophy, inaugurated on line July 6, 1996, four years before the end of the 20th Century, just as the brilliant, courageous, prolific, and little appreciated German philosopher Leonard Nelson (1882-1927) started his Abhandlungen der Fries'schen Schule, Neue Folge, attempting a "Reformation of Philosophy," four years after the beginning of the 20th Century." (The Proceedings of the Friesian School, Fourth Series)."The original Abhandlungen der Fries'schen Schule were published by Jakob Fries's principal student, Ernst Friedrich Apelt, from 1847 until his death in 1859. That was effectively the end, for the time being, of the Friesian School. The Friesian School has suffered more than once from the premature death of its principal exponent. Leonard Nelson rediscovered Fries's work while still a high school student, revived the tradition, usually referred to now as the Neo-Friesian School, and in 1904 began publishing the Abhandlungen der Fries'schen Schule, Neue Folge. Papers in the Abhandlungen remain of some note in the history of logic and mathematics, although the specifically Friesian material is, of course, largely ignored and forgotten. Nelson's efforts brought Fries to the notice of one of the most important 20th Century philosophers of religion Rudolf Otto (1869-1937), who then became an early collaborator with Nelson at the University of Göttingen. Nelson also influenced the great philosopher of science, Sir Karl Popper (1902-1994), who was a relative of one of Nelson's students, Julius Kraft (1898-1960). Popper and Kraft argued for years about Nelson's views, although Popper had described himself as a kind of Friesian. Popper's doctrine of falsification, in turn, based on the Friesian theory of justification, influenced his friend, the Nobel Laureate, Austrian School economist, Friedrich A. Hayek (1899-1992) (at left) in his theories of free market economics and constitutional government. Hayek, in turn, was one of the formative influences on the "Chicago" school of economics, which includes figures like Milton Friedman, Thomas Sowell, Gary Becker, etc. Otto's theory of "numinosity," based on the Friesian epistemology of Ahndung, came to be used by the founder of the "Chicago School" of history of religion, Mircea Eliade (1907-1986), and by the great psychologist Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961) (at right), whose ideas, on their philosophical side, were also formatively and independently influenced by Kant and Schopenhauer. Nelson's early death and the coming of National Socialism -- some in Nelson's group fled the very day of Hitler's appointment as Chancellor -- cut short the life of the School in Germany. The Abhandlungen der Fries'schen Schule were then discontinued in 1937." (The Proceedings of the Friesian School, Fourth Series)

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        TOM THE PIPER'S SON. With all the fun That he had done And how at last he went to France to teach great Bonaparte to dance.

      16 pages, including self-wrappers. Illustrated with 16 woodcuts. Expert repair to spine; else in excellent condition.Rare, Worldcat shows 1 copy only. The British Libray, together with the Opies, date this as 1803, but we feel it may well be a little later.

      [Bookseller: David Miles]
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        Beschreibung von der Insel Ceylon, enthaltend Nachrichten von ihrer Geschichte, Geographie, Naturbeschreibung und von den Sitten und Gebräuchen ihrer verschiedenen Einwohner. Nebst dem Tagebuche einer Gesandtschaftsreise an den Hof des Königs von Candy. Aus dem Englischen mit Anmerkungen und mit einem Zusatze über die Perlenfischerrey übersetzt von J.A. Bergk. Leipzig, Rein, 1803. XVI, 510 S., 1 Bl. Mit 1 mehrfach gefalt. Kupferstichkarte. Hldr. d. Zt. m. RSch. u. RVerg. (Rücken etwas fleckig).

      Engelmann I, S. 130; Griep/Luber II, 1060.- Erste deutsche Ausgabe.- Captain Percival (1765-1826) kam nach seinem Militäreinsatz in der Kapkolonie 1797 mit den englischen Truppen auf die Insel. Er blieb drei Jahre und erlebte die Vertreibung der Holländer.- Alter Stempel auf dem Titel; papierbedingt leicht gebräunt und stockfleckig.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Schramm]
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        Constitutions-Buch der rechtmäßigen und vollkommenen Loge freier und angenommener Maurer Archimedes zu den drei Reissbrettern in Altenburg. Gedruckt als Manuskript für Brüder.

      2 Bll., 243 S. Blauer Pappband d. Zt. Folio. 30 x 19 cm. Wolfstieg 20834: "Selten. Im Anhang Studien von J. A. Schneider über Geschichte der Frmrei, der Loge Archimedes, über maur. Rechtsverhältnisse" u.a. - Etwas berieben und bestoßen. Altes Exemplar einer Logenbibliothek.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Turszynski]
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        Titan. 4 Tle. (Und:) Komischer Anhang zum Titan. 2 Tle. Zus. 6 Tle. in 3 Bänden.

      Mit 4 gest. Titelblättern. Grüne Pappbde. d. Zt. mit rotem Rückenschild. Goed. V, 464, 14. Berend 13a und 14. - Erste Ausgabe. - Hauptwerk Jean Pauls, sein "Kardinal- und Hauptroman... (das) liebste und beste unter seinen Werken... der größte Roman deutscher Sprache" (W. Harich). - Berieben und bestoßen. Etwas fleckig und tls. leicht gebräunt.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Turszynski]
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        Abhandlung über die Entbindungskunst.

      Gr.-folio. 7 n.n. Bl., 216 S., 24 n.n. Bl. Mit gestochener Titelvignette, 2 Anfangsvignetten, 46 gestochenen Kupfertafeln und 21 Vignetten im Text. Halblederband um 1840 mit rotem, goldgeprägtem Rückenschild und wenig Rückenvergoldung. 2 Teile in 1 Band. Waller 6594. - Hirsch-H. IV, 229. - Blake 307. - Garrison-M. 6161 (für Ausabe St. Petersburg 1791). - HOH 1161 (ebenfalls für Ausgabe 1791). - Titelauflage der ersten Ausgabe von 1791 bei der nur das Titelblatt mit dem Verlag und Erscheinungsjahr verändert wurde, ansonsten identisch mit der Erstausgabe. Mohrenheim wurde Leibarzt von Katharina II, auf deren Befehl das Werk gedruckt wurde. Die Qualität der 46 Tafeln, die meist in Lebensgrösse gestochen sind, machen das Buch zu einem der berühmtesten Werke der Geburtshilfe des 18. Jahrhunderts. - Titelblatt angestaubt und mit alter Papierrestauratur am unteren Rand. Das erste nicht nummerierte Blatt des Inhaltsverzeichnis mit Japanpapier geklebt. Marmorpapierbezug des Einbanddeckels verblasst. Ecken etwas bestossen. - Résumé: Reissue (Titelauflage) of the first edition (1791). Mohrenheim became personal physician of Katharina II. She instigated Mohrenheim for this work. With 46 copper plates with life-sized images. Half calf about 1840 (bumped). - Titel and the first not numbered leaf with repairings.

      [Bookseller: EOS Buchantiquariat Benz]
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        An Essay on the Principle of Population; or, a View of its Past and Present Effects on Human Happiness; with an Inquiry into our Prospects Respecting the Future Removal or Mitigation of the Evils which it Occations. A New Edition, very much Enlarged.

      London, Printed for J. Johnson, by T. Bensley, 1803. Large 4to. Later brown hcalf w. four raised bands, single gilt lines and red leather title-label on back. First three and last 14 leaves a bit brownspotted, t-p. and last two leaves marginally repaired at hinge, otherwise a very nice, clean and solid copy. VIII, (4), 610 pp.. The Great Quarto-edition, being the second edition of this first and most influential book on population. The work was first printed anonymously in 1798. This edition, though being the second, may be considered as a new work, which Malthus himself also claimed; -it is thoroughly revised and much enlarged (nearly four times the length of the original essay), the title has been changed (the title of the first is merely: "An Essay on the Principle of Population, as it Affects the Future Improvement of Society with Remarks on the Speculation of Mr. Godwin, M. Condorcet, and Other Writers"), and with this edition, Malthus does accept authorship of the work (by not publishing it anonymously). All the later editions were minor revisions of this second one. "In the course of this inquiry, I found that much more had been done, than I had been aware of, when I first published the essay. The poverty and misery arising from a too rapid increase of population, had been distinctly seen, and the most violent remedies proposed, so long ago as the times of Plato and Aristotle. And of late years, the subject had been treated in such a manner, by some of the French economists, occasionally by Montesquieu, and, among our own writers, by Dr. Franklin, Sir James Steuart, Mr. Arthur Young, and Mr. Townsend, as to create a natural surprise, that it had not excited more of the publick attention" (Preface to the second edition, p. IV). The controversial views, because of which the work became so influential, are most provocative and eyeopening in the second edition, in which he for instance for the first time advocates moral restraint (meaning sexual abstinence and late marriage) and elaborately explains his comparison between the increase of population and food. "The "Essay" was highly influential in the progress of thought in the early nineteenth-century Europe.... "Parson" Malthus, as Cobbett dubbed him, was for many, a monster and his views were often grossly misinterpreted.... But his influence on social policy, whether for good or evil, was considerable. The Malthusian theory of population came at the right time to harden the existing feeling against the Poor Laws and Malthus was a leading spirit behind the Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834." (PMM 251).Thomas Robert Malthus (1766-1834), called the "enfant terrible" of the economists, was an English demographer, statistician and political economist, who is best known for his groundbreaking views on population growth, presented in his "Essays on the Principle of Population", which is based on his own prediction that population would outrun food supply, causing poverty and starvation. Among other things this caused the legislation, which lowered the population of the poor in England. Malthus actually turned political, economic and social thought upside down with this work, which has caused him to be considered one of the 100 most influential persons in history (Hart, The 100: A Ranking of the most Influential Persons in History, 1978). Of course, he was condemned by Marx and Engels, and opposed by the socialists universally, but the work was of immense impact on not only politics, economics, social sciences etc, but also on natural sciences. For instance both Darwin and Wallace considered Malthus a main source in their development of the theory of natural selection, quoting him as being a great philosopher and his Essay on Population as being one of the most important books ever. "Malthus's idea of man's "Struggle for existence" had decisive influence on Charles Darwin and the theory of evolution. Other scientists related this idea to plants and animals which helped to define a piece of the evolutionary puzzle. This struggle for existence of all creatures is the catalyst by which natural selection produces the "survival of the fittest"... Thanks to Malthus, Darwin recognised the significance of intraspecies competition between populations of the same species (e.g. the lamb and the lamb), not just interspecies competition between species (e.g. the lion and the lamb). Malthusian population thinking also explained how an incipient species could become a full-blown species in a very short timeframe." (Wikipedia). The second edition must be considered the most important of all the editions. This is far more a work on the problems of over-population than it is a response to Godwin and Condorcet on their works (as is mainly the first edition). "Not so much shocked by his own conclusions, in his "Essay on Population" (first ed. 1798), as driven by a naturally inquiring mind, he travelled for three years through Europe gleaning statistics and then published a second edition (1803)." (Catlin, A History of the Political Philosophers, 1939, p. 377). Printing and the Mind of Man 251 (first edition)

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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