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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1801

        Charakteristiken und Kritiken. 2 Bde.

      Königsberg, 1801. 8vo. 2 beautiful cont. uniform brown hcalfs w. gilt spines and blindstamped decorations. Some brownspotting due to paper quality. VIII, 397; IV, 400 pp.. First edition of the joint volume of critical essays by the two brothers, who are regarded the leaders of Romantic criticism. August Wilhelm Schlegel (1767-1845 and his younger brother, Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel (1772-1829) were both renowned poets, critics and scholars. Especially August Wilhelm, who was also an eminent translator, is considered the actual leader of German Romanticism, but the two together dominated this most important of German eras, and this collection of their essays was of great importance to German Romantic criticism.The two Schlegel brothers decided to publish these two volumes because of the attention that their critical writings had received by the public. They felt that this attention was not caused by a thorough knowledge of their critical writings, and thus they published this collection for the sake of those seriously interested in German literature. Some of the essays had been published before in journals and magazines, and some of them are published here for the first time.Among many "characteristics" and "criticisms", this collection contains Friedrich Schlegel's "Ueber Lessing" and his characteristic of Goethe's Wilhelm Meister as well as August Schlegel's "Ueber Shakespeare's Romeo und Julie", his "Recensionen" of "Homers Werke von Voss", "Goethe's Römische Elegien" etc., etc

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        "Le Cap Nord, au Soleil de Minuit" + "Grotte près du Cap Nord" + "Baie et Montagne attenante au Cap Nord" + "L' Interieur de Magerö près du Cap Nord"

      4 stk. akvatinter, hver ca. 27x45cm Stockholm 1801-02 Stukket og tegnet av Skjöldebrand selv. Plansje 46 - 49 fra settet

      [Bookseller: Kunstantikvariat PAMA AS]
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        After the Death of his Steamboat Enterprise Partner, Robert Fulton Seeks a Better Arrangement with the Estate and Heirs

      After the Death of his Steamboat Enterprise Partner, Robert Fulton Seeks a Better Arrangement with the Estate and Heirs. Robert R. Livingston, the first chancellor of New York State and negotiator of the Louisiana Purchase, was enthralled with the concept of invention. Claiming that to be his "hobby horse," he held several patents for a means of diminishing the friction of spindles on millstones and for manufacturing paper from riverweed. However, Livingston was talented neither in the theory nor practice of mechanics, and his inventions generally did not work. Thus, he collaborated often with others who had the scientific experience to implement his visions. One such idea was steam navigation and one such collaborator was Robert Fulton, with whom Livingston became acquainted after his arrival in Paris in 1801. Livingston was there to fulfill his duties as minister to France under President Thomas Jefferson. Fulton, having originally landed in Europe to study portrait painting, had for the previous ten years concentrated his efforts on engineering, earning the respect of the international science community for his improved methods of raising boats on canals and for his pioneering in submarine design. While still in Paris, the two became deeply immersed in steamboat experimentation. They built a steamboat on the Seine during 1803, but it sunk. The engine and boiler were fished out of the river and put in another boat. Though she moved through the water and was considered a wonder by those who saw her, she was a disappointment to both Fulton and Livingston. They determined, when they returned to America, to make another effort with a larger boat to sail on the Hudson River. Essentially, Livingston would supply the money and Fulton would do the work. Livingston persuaded the New York State Legislature to give him the exclusive privilege of "navigating all boats that might be propelled by steam, on all waters within the territory or jurisdiction of the State, for the term of twenty years," so they started out with the asset of a very valuable monopoly. Their agreement was formalized into a partnership, one that would last the remainder of Livingston's life. The two would be equal partners, but Livingston would advance the funds to build the steamboat. If the enterprise failed, Fulton would eventually have to reimburse Livingston for half the costs. If the steamboat operation succeeded, Fulton would put his time into obtaining a patent and would receive "reasonable expenses" as his compensation over and above his partnership share. The agreement ensured that neither partner would lose control of their shares to outsiders, and also stipulated that if either partner died, an heir holding all of his shares would be considered an active partner. However, should there be two heirs, the surviving original partner would be given two votes to balance the joint heirs. An agreement of such depth, planning for future contingencies, including death, was unusual for the time. In July of 1807 Livingston and Fulton's dream of a steam-powered boat was realized. The first successful steamboat ran from New York to Albany, meeting the requirements of the New York State grant and perfecting their monopoly. The following winter, the steamboat was completely rebuilt. The hull was made wider, a new boiler installed, and accommodations for passengers were added. Scheduled steamboat service on the Hudson River began in 1808. Before long, five boats, including a ferry to New Jersey, were running on the Hudson under Livingston's grant. Another boat was soon plying the Mississippi, and additional boats were under construction. Robert Livingston died in February of 1813 after experiencing a series of strokes. Even though he and Fulton possessed a monopoly in New York waters, they were continually investing in new steamboats and had accrued nearly $167,000 in partnership debts. With his partner's death, Fulton was faced with the challenge of negotiating Livingston's assets with his heirs, and relations with Livingston's family members were abrasive. Moreover, Livingston's widow and two sons-in-law were obliged by the estate to divide Livingston's share into three equal parts, giving none of them the twenty shares necessary to be a voting partner. Dr. William Wilson was the executor of the Chancellor's estate. A friend of the family, Dr. Wilson also was used as an administrator of the family's landed property. Son-in-law Edward P. Livingston looked after the heirs' interests. The Livingstons owned an iron foundry, and Fulton once stipulated that "iron work in the best manner" be used to build their steamboats. It is apparent that Livingston supplied iron from his foundry for the construction rather than buying it on the open market, and that Livingston was given credit for the iron's value from Fulton in order to assess their respective partnership distributions. An issue arose under the estate as to the final allocation of funds for the iron, and Fulton bargained for both the money and additional leverage with the heirs.Here Fulton supplies Wilson with the necessary papers to indicate that the iron credit was to be charged back to the estate. Autograph Letter Signed, New York, November 18, 1813, to Doctor Wilson. "The estate of the Chancellor [Livingston] is to be charged with the Iron credit having been given by me to him in settling our accounts. You will please to show the annexed to Mr. Edward P. [Livingston]." Wilson penned on the overleaf: "Mr. Livingston will look to the enclosed letters and inform me if anything is necessary for me to do. W.W." Research indicates that in the past decade, just eighteen Fulton documents and letters have reached the auction marketplace, and just one related to his attempt to maintain control of the steamboat enterprise and its finances.

      [Bookseller: The Raab Collection ]
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        Principes d'Économie Politique, Ouvrage couronné par l'Institut National das sa séance du 15 nivôse an IX (5Janvier 1801) et deouis revu, corrigé et augmenté par l'Auteur.

      Paris, chez Buisson, An X (1801). 8vo. Bound with two other works in one nice cont. half-calf binding w. gilt leather title-label to spine. Back w. some wear and corners bumped, but a very attractive copy. Internally very nice and clean. (4), 236 pp. + 3 folded plates.. The extremely scarce first edition of Canard's influential main work, his crowned achievement (by Institut National des Sciences et Arts) which constitutes the first work on political economy based entirely on mathematical methods.The French mathematician Nicolas-François Canard (ab. 1750 - 1833) was one of the earliest contributors to mathematical economics.His fame and reputation rests mainly on his main work of 1801 which was submitted to an Institut de France competition and crowned as the winning essay, earning Canard tremendous prestige and securing him a firm place in the history of economic thought ever after. In this seminal work, in which Canard was the first to base political economy entirely on mathematical methods, he set out to prove that everything possessing an exchangeable value gets this value from the labour that is put into it, thus positing a labour theory of value, but one which takes into account the difference between quantity and quality of labour; because of this difference in labour, the quantity of labour cannot serve as the means to determine the price, and therefore, Canard argues, the determinants of price must be found in the market. In the present work, Canard thus presents economy as a system of markets and shows how prices are determined by minimum and maximum prices of the sellers and buyers respectively, and the distance that lies between these minimum and maximum prices is that which Canard calls "Latitude"; the actual price is to be found somewhere on this latitude, and where exactly is determined by the opposing forces of the buyer and the seller, i.e. he who is stronger draws the price farthest in his direction. Canard's thesis and analysis is considered highly original and actually anticipating Ricardian marginal analysis. Due to its originality and the important analysis of labour and price, based on a scientific foundation, Canard was thus given the medal for his ingenious contribution to political economy, -but this honour also turned out to be somewhat of a misfortune. The crowning of the work meant, on the one side that Canard had been blessed by the French academia, which throughout the 19th century asked no more questions on mathematical economics, because Canard had said what could be said on the subject, on the other side that the other struggling mathematical economists who tried to draw attention to their work became very bitter due to the shadow that Canard threw upon them. Among these we find Cournot who has done a lot to destroy the reputation of Canard and put him into near oblivion for about a century, until recent times. Due to the bitter attacks of the likes of Cournot and Walras, even 20th century economists have discredited Canard's important and influential contributions to mathematical, political economy, as Schumpeter writes in his "History of Economic Analysis, Canard's work "would otherwise partake of the blessings of deserved oblivion, had not a misfortune befallen it. This misfortune consisted in its being "crowned" by the same French Academy that later failed to extend any recognition to Cournot and Walras. And those Olympians who felt their neglect the more bitterly on account of the honour done to Canard visited him with a scathing contempt that bestowed upon him an unevitable immortality: in the history of scientific bodies, Canard is forever sure of a place. The book is, however, far from being the worst that was ever written. It had some influence on Sismondi." (p. 499).Later, in more recent time, when a more objective point of view on the early mathematical economical literature became possible, Canard's work has been credited with the influence and importance that it deserved. It is now generally accepted that Canard's work with his mathematical treatment of political economy anticipated much of what is found in both Ricardo, Walras and the Lausanne School

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        Icones et Descriptiones Graminum Austriacorum. Vol. 1-3 (of 4).

      Vindobonae (Vienna), Matth. Andrae Schmidt, 1801-1805. Large folio. (50x35,5 cm.) Bound in 3 cont. hlonggrained red morocco, with gilt backs and gilt lettering. Corners and edges slightly rubbed, minor scratches to the marbled covers, a fine copy. (8),74;(1),72;(1),66 pp. and 300 (100+100+100) handcoloured engraved folio-plates. Text as well as plates printed on fine thick paper, all uncut and clean. Plates with tissue-guards and in very fine original handcolouring.. Scarce first edition of this beautiful work on grasses by the first director of the botanical garden in Vienna. A fourth volume, also comprising 100 plates, was issued 4 years later in 1809 - it is not present here. The beautiful plates are unsigned but drawn by Johannes Baptista Jebmayer (J. Ibmayer)."The work is a product of the golden Age of Viennese botany, when Hapsburg patronage attracted many botanists, and paid for lavish publication of their work. The present work is dedicated to the Emperor Francis I and his subsidy was particularly necessary as grasses are a 'difficult' group with restricted appeal; no other work on the family can approach this one in magnificence." - Nikolaus Host was a physician to Franz I and director of the botanical garden in Vienna, which was founded by the emperor on the advice of Host. - Blunt, Great Flower Books p. 103. - Nissen No. 935. - Pritzel No. 4285

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        De l'Influence Attrivuée aux Philosophes aux Francs-Maçons et aus Illuminés sur la Revolution de France

      J. G. Gotta et al. Tubigen: J. G. Gotta, et al., 1801. First trade edition. Hardcover. Very good. Yes. Thin 8vo. 25pp. Contemporary half leather, spine ruled in gilt and gilt tooling, red leather lettering label, gilt, drab paper boards. Armorial bookplate. Upper portion of spine artfully replaced else a very good copy. A refutation of Augustin de Barruel's Memoires pour Servir a l'Histoire du Jacobinisme. Thatcher II, p. 70 (French Revolution). In French. Reprinted many times; brought into English as "On the Influence Attributed to Philosophers, Free-Masons, and the Illuminati, on the Revolution in France.

      [Bookseller: Thorn Books ]
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        Differenz des Fichte'schen und Schelling'schen Systems der Philosophie in Beziehung auf Reinhold's Beyträge zur leichtern Übersicht des Zustands der Philosophie zu Anfang des neunzehnten Jehrhunderts, 1stes Heft (alles).

      Jena, Seidler, 1801. 8vo. Contemporary cardboard-binding with some wear. Gilt title-label to spine, missing about 1/4. Lacking outer layer of paper at hinges, capitals, and corners. Old owner's name partly erased from title-page, and two lines of contemporary annotations to title-page crossed out. Some marginal annotations and underlinings, all in light pencil. Internally a fine and clean copy with only some light occsional prownspotting. 184 pp. (i.e. XII pp. + pp. (13) - 184).. The very scarce first edition of Hegel's first philosophical work."Even the general student of Hegel's thought will hardly fail to notice the extraordinary clarity with which the early Hegel defines his problem as he searches for the direction that marked the rest of his philosophical career. The "Essays" [i.e." Differenz" and "Glauben und Wissen", which appeared in Shelling and Hegels "Kritisches Journal" the year after "Differenz", in 1802] herald the quest that was to transform him from a restless religious thinker into the creative philosopher whose initial concern for Protestant Christianity grew into one of the boldest speculative visions of Western culture." (Review by John P. Anton, in: Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, Vol. 40, No. 3 (Mar., 1980), pp. 441-443, of Cerf and Harris' English language translation of Hegel's Differenz).After having graduated, Hegel was given work as a private tutor, although he wished to pursue an academic career. When his father died in 1799, he was given a small inheritance that was enough to allow him to give up his tutoring position and follow his heart. Thus, after having turned his interests towards the critical philosophy of Kant instead of more religious and social themes, in the beginning of 1801 he came to Jena, the university city which then was strongly dominated by the philosophy of Schelling and his new-Kantian style of philosophy. Later the same year, Hegel finishes his first philosophical work, his famous essay "The Difference between Fichte's and Schelling's Systems of Philosophy", the work which inaugurated his philosophical career. In Jena Hegel became closely acquainted with Schelling, and, after having written his dissertation on the difference between the system of Schelling and that of Fichte, in 1801, Schelling and Hegel began their seminal periodical "Kritisches Journal der Philosophie", which appeared from 1802 till 1803

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        Wie Gertrud ihre Kinder Lehrt, ein Versuch den Muttern Anleitung zu geben, ihre Kinder selbst zu unterrichten,

      First Edition, 390pp a very good in early half calf marbled boards, one leaf with marginal tear repaired, complete with the rare mounted engraved portrait as required, Berne & Zurich, Gessner, 1801. PHOTOGRAPHS SENT ON REQUEST. Printing and the Mind of Man 258. Complete with the essential engraved portrait very rarely found because delayed by the publisher. Copies are known with the legend at the extreme foot of the title "Das Portrait des Verfasses, von Lyps gestochen, wird nachgeliefert" - see Stern, Book Collector vol.39, no.3, Autumn, 1990. The book is incomplete without the portrait. This rare first edition of Wie Gertrud ihre Kinder Lehrt (How Gertrude teaches her Children), contains an exhaustive exposition of Pestalozzi's principles with especial emphasis on reading, writing and arithmetic. "The most important and forward-looking of his ideas, which he stressed continually in practice as well as precept, was the true method of education is to develop the child, not to train him as one trains a dog", Printing and the Mind of Man 258. "Pestalozzi's influence has been felt throughout the world. His fame was founded on this book as it proclaimed something entirely new in the field of popular education - the principle of self-activity in acquiring and using knowledge in its first stages. It was to lead to a Copernican revolution in the method of school instruction." - Silber, Pestalozzi, p.133."Pestalozzi's sympathy for the peasantry and his own remembrance of his mother's care convinced him that the clue to educational progress was to be found in those processes of learning exemplified by the peasant mother and her child. His teaching experience had convinced him that a beginning must be made by the reduction of a subject to its simplest elements which should then be presented in an orderly form proceeding from the simple to the more complex. To a child, the world seemed 'a sea of confused sense impressions, flowing into one another'. The human mind, however, received and worked up these sense impressions into definite ideas. Pestalozzi believed that if the subject-matter of instruction could be broken down into its elements and arranged in the proper sequence according to 'the original, unchangeable form of the development of mind', then education would become a science based upon clear-cut and definable laws.Pestalozzi worked out the principles of his method in this book which ranks with Émile as one of the most significant books in the whole history of education. The book was a series of twelve letters to his friend Gesner, in which he developed his psychological and educational theories. Pestalozzi's starting-point was that all knowledge derived from sense impressions. He believed that a person's mind, when presented with a mass of confused objects, would attempt to discover three things: 1. How many, and what kinds of objects are before him. 2. Their appearance, form, or outline. 3. Their names; how he may represent each of them by a sound or word. These three qualities, Pestalozzi believed, could be discovered in all objects and thus he propounded his theory that all elementary instruction took place according to the threefold principle of counting, measuring, and naming, or as he expressed it, by means of the three concepts of Number, Form, and Language. The fundamental power that underlay the operations of the mind relevant to the formation of concepts Pestalozzi called Anschauung, which may be translated as intuition or physic energy. This ability of the human mind to form what Pestalozzi called 'distinct notions' from the first 'obscure impressions' by stages of 'definite impressions' and 'clear images', he believed existed in every human being, but it needed to be fostered and cultivated. In this way, Pestalozzi argued, the art of teaching would go hand in hand with the fundamental operations of the human mind.Reading, writing, and arithmetic could be analysed and broken down into a series of operations, the learning of which could then proceed according to definite laws in harmony with 'natural' mental activity. In reading, for instance, words were broken down into separate sounds, which were repeated by the children; from there they proceeded to letters and then towards describing simple objects. In writing, the structure of the letters was related to the straight line and the square; these were imitated by drawing, then related to one another to form letters. Arithmetic was taught first of all by allowing the child to add and subtract with small pieces of cardboard on which were printed letters of the alphabet. Number was taught by the division of squares into rectangles of equal dimension and the further division of each rectangle into ten small squares." - Stewart & McCann Educational Innovators, I, 139-40.

      [Bookseller: Jeffrey Stern Antiquarian Bookseller]
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        Reise durch einige schwedische Provinzen bis zu den südlichen Wohnplätzen der nomadischen Lappen. Mit mahlerischen Ansichten nach der Natur gezeichnet von Carl Gustav Gillberg.

      XIV, 312 S., 1 Bl. Errata. Mit Frontispiz u. 13 gefalteten Ansichten in Mezzotintomanier. Schlichter Halbleinenband der Zeit mit goldgeprägtem Rückentitel. Erste Ausgabe. - Engelmann II, S. 912. - Erschien zugleich als Band 15 der Reihe "Neuere Geschichte der See- und Land-Reisen". Schmidt berichtet von seiner Reise von Stockholm durch Wastmanland, Dalarna, Helsingland und Herjeudalen an die Grenze von Norwegen zu den südlichsten Wohnplätzen der nomadischen Lappen und beschreibt die lappländischen Lebensgewohnheiten und Bräuche, den Bergbau, die Rentierzucht u.a. Mit einer Ansicht des Inneren einer lappländischen Hütte sowie Ansichten des Mälaren, der Mans-Grube bei Norberg, der Thal-Elbe, Järfsö im Helsingland, Ljusnedals Bruk, eines lappischen Lagers in Gröndalen u.a. - Leicht, vereinzelt etwas stärker stockfleckig, insbesondere die weißen Ränder der Tafeln, einige Blatt mit kleinen Knickspuren im Außensteg. Von guter Erhaltung.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Eckert & Kaun GbR]
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        A Practical Treatise or Compendium of the Law of Marine Insurances. Cohen 7055

      Only American edition of a work by an Inner Temple barrister, dedicated to Sir James Park whose well-known treatise this work may be deemed to complement, the two being, respectively, the second and first works on the subject printed in this country. Original sheep, crimson morocco label, gilt, front joint cracked and repaired (and holding), some browning, else a good copy. Re-printed, for H. Caritat, no. 153, Broad-way [etc.], New-York, 1801.

      [Bookseller: Meyer Boswell Books, Inc.]
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        The Magus, or Celestial Intelligencer; Being a Complete System of Occult Philosophy. In Three Books...

      London: Lackington, Allen, and Co. (but Knight and Compton), 1801 [but 1875].. Second edition. 4to. xvi, 175, (1), 198 pp. Publisher's quarter morocco over renewed papered boards, gilt lettering and decoration to spine, new endpapers. Frontispiece and 22 plates, 5 of which are coloured. Spine faded and with minor wear to extremities, contents generally very good. "... The Magus was a farrago of Renaissance alchemy and natural and talismatic magic that fitted contemporary Gothic taste, and which was typical of the interests of late eighteenth-century Rosicrucian brotherhoods in Germany. The book's most startling feature was a set of gargoyle-like portraits of demons conjured up in ritual magic ceremonies." (ODNB) Barrett's name on the title page is succeeded by the initials "F.R.C.", i.e. "Frater Rosae Crucis" or "Brother of the Rosy Cross". The work was first published in 1801. This being a later 19th century facsimile of the first edition, the original publisher's imprint remains on the title page with Knight and Compton's imprint appearing on the half title. This edition has the benefit of featuring an additional colour plate.

      [Bookseller: Bow Windows Bookshop, ABA, ILAB]
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