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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1797

         Etudes de la Nature nelle édition avec figures.

      à Bâle, chez Tourneizen, 1797, 5 vol. gd. in 8°, ill. d'un frontispice et de 10 planches gravées en taille-douce h.t. dont une mappemonde se dépl., pl. veau raciné époque, dos lisse orné, grecque dorée sur les plats, p. de t. rouges et vertes, deux mors sup. fendus et qq. ff. brunis sinon bel exemplaire sur papier vélin fort. Bonne édition illustrée, la meilleure et la plus complète. Elle contient: les Etudes de la Nature, Paul et Virginie (rajouté en 1788), L'Arcadie, Voeux d'un solitaire, et La chaumière indienne. L'ouvrage fit la réputation de Bernardin de St-Pierre, il est resté célèbre par ses vues anthropocentriques et ses interprétations finalistes de la Nature particulièrement dans la partie consacrée aux Harmonies. ¶ Dict. des oeuvres II/p.791: "... peintre admirable et maître du langage ... il veut inventer un langage pittoresque des couleurs, des sons, des saveurs, et il y réussit ... il introduit des mots exotiques, il en invente au besoin. C'est là la grande nouveauté de ces descriptions ... qui sont des évocations exactes et vivantes des sensations ... Son oeuvre continua d'exercer une influence considérable dans le domaine de l'expression qu'il a libérée des poncifs." Edition inconnue de Quérard Fr. litt. et de Brunet qui mentionnent tous deux l'édition de 1804, qui n'est pourtant qu'une réédition de celle-ci.

      [Bookseller: L'intersigne Livres anciens]
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        The Natural History of the Rarer Lepidopterous Insects of Georgia...

      T. Bensley for J. Edwards, Cadell and Davies, and J. White, 1797. THE EARLIEST BOOK EVER PUBLISHED ON AMERICAN BUTTERFLIES AND MOTHS; COMPLETE WITH 104 STUNNING HAND-COLORED FOLIO ENGRAVINGS. A BEAUTIFUL COPY IN RIVIERE & SON BINDING. "John Abbot, naturalist and artist, born at Bennet Street, St James, London, on 1 June 1751, was the second of the five children of John Abbot (d. 1787), a prosperous attorney, and his wife, Ann Clousinger. As a youth, Abbot developed a passion for entomology and for drawing, an enthusiasm that was supported by his father, who retained Jacob Bonneau, an accomplished draughtsman, as an art instructor for his son. The elder Abbot also bought illustrated works of natural history, including George Edwards's four-volume classic, A Natural History of Uncommon Birds (1743-51), which exerted a major stylistic influence on his son. The Abbots received as a gift a copy of Mark Catesby's Natural History of Carolina, Florida, and the Bahama Islands (1731-43), a work that probably contributed to Abbot's later decision to move to America. As a teenager, Abbot achieved a remarkable mastery of artistic technique, and by 1770 was invited to exhibit his watercolour drawings of British insects at the Society of Artists of Great Britain, of which he was an honorary member. Apprenticed to his father as a law clerk in 1769, Abbot found that legal matters were 'little to my liking when my thoughts was ingrossed by Natural history'; and in the same year he firmly resolved to pursue natural history as a career, after being awestruck by the vast entomological collections of Dru Drury. Under Drury's influence, Abbot decided to travel to North America; and in 1773, having received sponsorship from the Royal Society and from Drury and Thomas Martyn (fl. 1760-1816), Abbot sailed to Virginia, where he began shipping specimens to his British patrons. In December 1775 he moved to the lower Savannah River area of Georgia, where he lived for the rest of his life, residing at various times in Savannah and in Bulloch, Burke, and Screven counties."Abbot apparently supported himself almost entirely by providing specimens and watercolour drawings of insects, spiders, and birds to buyers in America and to his correspondents in Britain and Europe... During much of his lifetime, Abbot was the most prolific and talented illustrator of birds and insects in America; and Swainson noted that Abbot's insect specimens were 'certainly the finest that have ever been transmitted as articles of commerce to this country' (Simpson, North Carolina Historical Review)."Because Abbot never published any works under his own name, the extent of his contributions to ornithology and entomology remained largely unrecognized until the latter half of the twentieth century. Although he may have viewed his work as mostly commercial, his data and illustrations were of considerable significance to a number of major scientific publications. He remains best-known for providing data and the 104 illustrations to the earliest extensive monograph devoted entirely to North American entomology, Sir James Edward Smith's Natural History of the Rarer Lepidopterous Insects of Georgia (1797)" (Dictionary of National Biography). Sabin 25.Bound by Riviere & Son, with binder's stamp on front free endpaper of each volume. Text in English and French. Later issue, as usual, with most plates with 1822 watermark on J. Whatman Turkey Mills wove paper.[Full title]: The Natural History of the rarer Lepidopterous Insects of Georgia. Including their systematic characters, the particulars of their several metamorphoses, and the plants on which they feed. Collected from the observations of Mr John Abbot, many years resident in that country, by James Edward Smith.London: printed by T. Bensley for J. Edwards, Cadell and Davies, and J. White, 1797 [but 1822]. Folio (12x15.5 in./ 303 x 394mm) c.1900 three-quarter morocco by Riviere & Son, marbled boards, marbled endpapers, all edges gilt. Mild scuffing to bindings; vol I binding with a gouge in the leather (approx. 1/2 inch by 1 inch) on the board; toning to blank endpaper from laid-in related newspaper clipping; offsetting to blanks following plates (as usual); some foxing to text leaves, plates exceptionally clean. An outstanding set. Very Good....

      [Bookseller: The Manhattan Rare Book Company]
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        Voyage de La Pérouse autour du Monde... rédigé par M.L.A. Milet-Mureau.

      Paris: Imprimerie de la Republique, 1797. Four volumes, quarto, and folio atlas, with a portrait, 69 maps and plates (21 folding) in the atlas; the text in fine condition on bluish-tinted paper, completely uncut in modern French period-style blue mottled boards with double labels; the atlas in old French quarter calf over original dark green mottled boards. First edition of one of the finest narratives of maritime exploration ever published. This is an unusually clean and attractive set of this great book, with particularly generous margins. In January 1788, two and a half years after their departure from France, La Pérouse's ships sailed into Botany Bay just hours after the settlers under Governor Phillip began the move from Botany Bay to Port Jackson. After their subsequent departure from the Australian east coast they "vanished trackless into blue immensity" (Carlyle); no further trace would be found of the expedition for three decades. La Pérouse's habit of forwarding records whenever he had an opportunity to do so ensured their survival. The first portion of the expedition's records had been forwarded by sea from Macao; the second (Macao to Kamchatka) went overland with de Lesseps, and the final reports went back with British despatches from Botany Bay, the British extending what was then a normal courtesy between the exploring nations. It was from these records that Milet-Mureau, the editor, established the official narrative of the expedition for its publication in this form.It has been remarked that the friendship between the two nations grew in proportion to their distance from home. Certainly the English attitude to La Pérouse seemed natural to Watkin Tench: "during their stay in the port the officers of the two nations had frequent opportunities of testifying their mutual regard by visits and other interchanges of friendship and esteem;" and La Pérouse endeared himself particularly "by the feeling manner in which he always mentioned the name and talents of Captain Cook."As Glyn Williams has characterised it, the French voyage was 'A deliberate réplique française or counter-stroke to Cook's voyages... a follow-up to Cook's third voyage, [with] its instructions a running commentary on what Cook had discovered and left undiscovered... '.Philip Gidley King noted in his journal that the French explorer "informed me that every place where he has touched or been near, he found all the astronomical and nautical works of Captain Cook to be very exact and true, and concluded by saying, 'Enfin, Monsieur Cook a tant fait qu'il ne m'a rien laissé à faire que d'admirer ses oeuvres' ["Captain Cook has done so much that he has left me with nothing to do but admire his achievements'].A voyage despatched in the fullest spirit of the Enlightenment, under the direct orders of the monarch himself, it was intended to complete discoveries and satisfy many different curiosities. La Pérouse was specifically instructed to study climates, native peoples, plants and animals, to collect specimens and artefacts and to observe the activities of other European powers. The official instructions included the requirement that he should 'act with great gentleness and humanity towards the different people whom he will visit'.The timing was remarkable: coincident at its close with the Australian First Fleet, La Pérouse left France in 1785 and never knew of the French Revolution; and while Marie Antoinette chose Cook's voyages to read the night before her death, Louis XVI is said to have repeated on his way to the scaffold the question that he had been asking for months: ''Is there any news of M. de La Pérouse? 'The narrative published here and in subsequent editions and translations covers the progress of the voyage from the departure of the two vessels from Brest in 1785. On their way to the northwest coast of America they stopped in Chile, Easter Island and Hawaii, where they were the first Europeans to land on Maui. During 1786 La Pérouse followed the American coast from their landfall near Mount St Elias in Alaska to southern California, exploring and mapping the coast and making particularly significant visits to Lituya Bay where they transacted with the Tlingit tribe (as dramatised two centuries later by Carl Sagan in Cosmos), the outer islands of British Columbia, San Francisco and Monterey. The first non-Spanish visitor to California since Francis Drake, the French explorer took close note of Spanish activity in the pueblos and missions.The expedition sailed on, visiting Macau, Manila, Korea, the Pacific coast of Russia, Japan, and Samoa and exploring the central Pacific, but their main instructions were to make for Australian waters to check on English activity in the region. On 24 January 1788 they reached Botany Bay.The folio Atlas contains the wonderful series of views chiefly after the original drawings by the chief official artist, Gaspard Duché de Vancy, that had been sent back to France with the various despatches; many of these were recently exhibited at the Musée de la Marine in Paris. Strikingly interpreted as engravings and printed here in rich dark impressions they were, as Christina Ionescu (Book Illustration in the Long Eighteenth Century) has noted, like the engravings in the huge Napoleonic Déscription de l'Egypte, continuing a tradition of "large and extravagant productions" at a time when more commercial publishers were generally downsizing the illustrative content of publications.The Atlas also includes magnificent maps of Russian Asia, Japan, California and the Pacific Northwest Coast with important new data for the then imperfectly known Asiatic side of the Pacific. The world map lightly browned and a few others in the atlas slightly tanned; a few spots but generally in very good condition.

      [Bookseller: Hordern House]
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        Ansicht, i. Hgr. ein kleiner Ort, "Der Aar - Fall im Canton Bern".

      - Aquatinta v. Ostermeyer n. F.C. Reinermann b. Chalcographische Gesellschaft in Dessau, 1797, 42,2 x 32 (H) Aus der seltenen Folge: "Mahlerische Wanderungen in den Gegenden des Kanton Basel".

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Nikolaus Struck]
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        NUOVA PIANTA DELL'INCLITA CITTA' DI VENETIA

      1797. Acquaforte Buon es. Riedizione in scala ridotta della grande pianta dell'Ughi (1727). Si tratta del III stato su V, pubblicato dal Furlanetto.\r\n

      [Bookseller: Libreria Minerva]
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        Het leven van Catharina II, keizerin van Rusland. Amsterdam, Johannes Allart, 1798. 8vo. 3 volumes. With 6 engraved portraits by Reinier Vinkeles. Contemporary marbled boards.

      - V. Gestel - Van het Schip, Maps in books of Russia and Poland 42; Muller, Bibl. Neerlando-Russe 72; STCN (4 copies). First Dutch translation of this life of Catharine the Great, first published in French in 1797 as La vie de Cathérine II. The work includes some remarks on Billings's expedition in the North Pacific, Diderot's stay at the Russian court, Catharine's purchase of the libraries of Voltaire and D'Alembert, etc. The portraits depict Catharine the Great, Peter the Great, Potemkin, Orloff, Poniatowsky (King of Poland) and Petrowitz. Some leaves loosening; without free endpapers. Very good set.

      [Bookseller: ASHER Rare Books]
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        De la Révolution Françoise. 2 vol.

      Chez Maret, Libraire,, Paris 1797 - Les quatre parties en 2 vol. chacune a sa pagination séparée. Tom 1 : VIII- 235 et 226 ; Tom 2 : IV- 235 p. et 231 p. - 20,5 cm. - Reliure pleine basane marron marbrée, pièces de titre de cuir rouge doré, pièces de tomaison. Reliure ancienne. - Traces, galerie de vers aux plats. - Necker, Jacques (1732-1804) Homme politique et financier. - Résident de Genève à la Cour de France 1768-1776 puis directeur général des Finances 1777-1781 et 1788-1790. Size: In-8° [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Lettres Slaves - Librairie]
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        13 letters signed. Vienna, 1797 to 1801.

      1797. 4to. Altogether 12 pp. on 26 ff. A collection of letters to a privy councillor named Schotten.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Inlibris]
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        Madonna mit Kind, sitzende Mutter Gottes mit dem Kind auf dem linken Knie stehend.

      - Feder in Schwarz, Bleistift, reiche Deckweißhöhung, auf braunem festem Velin, verso bezeichnet „gezeichnet v Strixner". 17,7:12,4 cm. Der Lithograph und Kupferstecher Strixner erhielt zunächst Unterricht in Wasserburg. Nach seinem Umzug nach München 1797 studierte er an der „Feyertagsschule" für Handwerker und Künstler unter dem Direktor H.J. Mitterer (1764-1829) weiter. 1799 erlernte er das Kupferstechen. 1803 erhielt er eine Anstellung in der kurfürstlichen Sammlung München. Um 1806 wurde er neben F. Piloty (1768-1844) von J. C. von Mannlich (1741-1822) ausgebildet. 1820 und 1828 lebte er in Stuttgart, wo er die wichtigsten Stücke der zwischen 1820 und 1833 veröffentlichte Reihe über die „Sammlung der Alt-Niederländer- und Ober-Deutschen Gemälde der Brüder Sulpiz und Melchior Boisserée und Johann Bertram" wiedergab. 1828 kehrte er nach München zurück. Er lithographierte u.a. für die Folge der „Oeuvres Lithographique", Wiedergaben der Handzeichnungen der königlichen Sammlung München, herausgegeben zwischen 1810 und 1816, „Albrecht Dürers Randzeichnungen aus dem Gebetbuche des Kaisers Maximilim I.", ab 1845 herausgegeben, und das „Zeichenbuch für Zöglinge der Kunst und Liebhaber", 1804 erschienen.

      [Bookseller: Galerie Joseph Fach GmbH]
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        Installation des vaisseaux

      - Paris, Imprimerie de la République, an VI [1797] In 4° grande, legatura d'attesa in cartoncino celeste (mancanza al dorso restaurata), pp. XII, 404, 9 bellissime incisioni in rame fuori testo più volte ripiegate, esemplare in barbe. Il primo dei trattati moderni di allestimento navale che fu scritto dall'Ammiraglio Missiessy, direttore della École des Constructions navales, per incarico del Ministère de la Marine et des Colonies. Missiessy riuscì a nascondere le sue nobili origini e fece una brillante carriera nella Marina del governo rivoluzionario e poi del Direttorio. La sua opera è illustrata da nove grandi tavole provenienti dalla scuola grafica dell'Encyclopedie e la più grande (mm 670x520) di carattere paarticolarmente decorativo è spesso mancante. smrr [Attributes: Soft Cover]

      [Bookseller: Libreria Bozzi]
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        Encyclopædia Britannica. Third Edition. 18 volume set. [Encyclopaedia; Encyclopedia]

      Edinburgh: A Bell & C MacFarquhar. G : in Good condition. Some edge-rubbing to covers. Professionally repaired hinges with slight cracking on one volume. Content and plates in exceptionally good condition. 1797. Third edition. Brown hardback leather cover with maroon and black title panels. 270mm x 220mm (11" x 9"). 17000pp. 542 copper plates. Noted for the fine quality of the full-page engravings and maps. N.B.: Heavy set - shipping supplement applies - please ask for shipping quote stating country of destination. .

      [Bookseller: Barter Books Ltd]
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        Les Amours de Psyché et de Cupidon avec le Poème d'Adonis

      À Paris, Chez Saugrain et Didot, rue S. Lazare, nº 80 1797 - 2 vol. In-12 (15 X 10,5 cm), 221+284 pp. Reliure d'époque maroquin rouge, dos lisse orné, pièces de titre et tomaison maroquin vert, triple filet or encadrant les plats et double encadrement au centre, filet surles coupes, tranches dorées, gardes papier bleu. Jolie édition, illustrée d'un portrait de La Fontaine d'après Rigaud en frontispice et huit fines gravures sur cuivre hors texte par Moreau le Jeune (Cohen VIe édition, 584-585). Édition imprimée sur papier fort (rousseurs sur les premiers feuillets du tome I) [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: H. PICARD ET FILS, founded 1860]
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        The Complaint and the Consolation; or, Night Thoughts.

      Large 4to. London: R. Noble, 1797. Large 4to, pp. 95/96, with a full-page engraving by Blake surrounding the letterpress text. A loose sheet, fore-edges untrimmed (some still with deckle), minimal trimming to top and bottom edges. Only five leaves in the book have engravings recto and verso. First edition, perfect for display or for teaching as the leaves are quite sturdy and can be carefully handled or matted for framing. Blake, virtually in a frenzy, completed 537 watercolor designs when he was commissioned to illustrate Young’s masterpiece. The publisher only issued the first four ‘Nights’ and had Blake engrave (and partially etch) 43 plates to test the market. The response must have been poor since no further engravings were requested of Blake. Ironically, today the poet Young, once compared with Shakespeare and Milton, is forgotten save for this edition. Bentley, Blake Books, 515. Essick and LaBelle, Night Thoughts, Dover, 1975. Ray, The Illustrator and the Book in England, 1790-1914, 3.

      [Bookseller: John Windle Antiquarian Bookseller ]
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        Species Plantarum, exhibentes plantas rite cognitas, ad genera relatas, cum differentiis specificis, nominibus trivialibus, synonymis selectis, locis natalibus, secundum systema sexuale digestas.

      - Editio quarta, post Reichardianam Quinta adjectis vegetabilibus hucusque cognitis curante Carolo Ludovico Willdenow. Tomus I:1-2, II:1-2, III:1-3, IV:1. Berolini. Impensis G. C. Nauk 1797-1805. 8:o. XXXI,(blank),495; (3),500-1568; (4),823; (3),836-1340; (4),847; (3);852-1474; (3),1478-2409; 629 pp. Contemporary half vellum. Colored edges. Volume I:1, II:1 and II:2 with some loss of paper on boards, on the vellum along spines. Small piece missing on title label on volume II:1. Some foxing, more at the beginning and end of each volume. 21 x 13 cm. 8 volumes. *Lacking IV:2, V:1 and VI:1-2. Last volume was issued in 1833.[#\132791] [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Antiquaria Bok & Bildantikvariat AB]
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        Encyclopædia Britannica. Third Edition. 18 volume set. [Encyclopaedia; Encyclopedia]

      Edinburgh: A Bell & C MacFarquhar. G : in Good condition. Some edge-rubbing to covers. Professionally repaired hinges with slight cracking on one volume. Content and plates in exceptionally good condition. 1797. Third edition. Brown hardback leather cover with maroon and black title panels. 270mm x 220mm (11" x 9"). 17000pp. 542 copper plates. Noted for the fine quality of the full-page engravings and maps. N.B.: Heavy set - shipping supplement applies - please ask for shipping quote stating country of destination. .

      [Bookseller: Barter Books Ltd]
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        L'Art Des Armes,

      chez Bélin, & Cerioux, Paris - Ou l'on donne l'application de la théorie à la pratique de cet Art, avec les principes méthodiques adoptés dans nos Ecoles d'Armes; Ouvrage aussi utile que nécessaire à la Jeunesse, aux Militaires, et aux personnes dont l'état les oblige de porter l'épée, aussi celles qui veulent faire profession des Armes. Enrichi de 47 Figures, gravées en taille-douce. Engraved frontispiece in both volumes and 45 folding plates by Taraval after Vaxcillere. Two volumes. 8vo. [202 x 122 x 57 mm]. xxxviii, 247, [3] pp; [1]f, x, [iv], 215 pp. Bound in contemporary marbled calf, the spines divided into six panels with gilt compartments, lettered in the second and numbered in the fourth on red labels, the others tooled to alternating patterns, plain endleaves, yellow edges. (Headcaps and corners repaired). Paris: chez Bélin, & Cerioux, [1797-1798] Pardoel 375. Thimm p.75. With the half-titles. Plate 14 is bound before 13 and 40 before 39. Short tear at the inner margin of plate 37. Some light browning and spotting but a good copy in attractive contemporary bindings with a printed prize label in vol.1 of the "Ecole Polymathique, Rue De Clichy, No.43, a Paris, dirigée par P. R. F. Butet (De La Sarthe)" dated "L'An XIII" (i.e. 1804-05). The first volume was first published in 1766 and the second in 1767. They were republished together in 1788, making this the third edition. It is one of the more important 18th century manuals and a key work in the development of modern fencing. Danet managed to upset a significant section of the French fencing establishment, but his methods were eventually adopted and he was appointed director of the Ecole Royale d'Armes.

      [Bookseller: George Bayntun ABA ILAB PBFA]
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        Nachrichten von den Begebenheiten und Schriften berühmter Gelehrten?Erster Band [all published]

      - Engraved vignette on title. xvi, 416 pp. 8vo, orig. grey boards, red leather lettering piece on spine. Nuremberg: Raspe, 1797. First edition of an extremely rare book; WorldCat locates no copy in the U.S. The present work contains a series of biographical accounts of twenty-one authors including Jacques Barrellier, Linnaeus, Nathanael Gottfried Leske, Fredrik Hasselquist, Simon Pelloutier, and other notable natural historians, scientists, and scholars. Schrank has also provided detailed bibliographies of the writings of each author. Fine copy from the Wittelsbach library of the dukes and kings of Bavaria. With a one-page A.L.s dated 2 May 1797 from Schrank presenting this copy to the Duke of Bavaria. ? Poggendorff, II, 841. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Jonathan A. Hill, Bookseller Inc.]
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        The Book of Common Prayer, and Administration of the Sacraments, and Other Rites and Ceremonies of the Church ...

      Oxford: Printed at the Clarendon Press, by W. Dawson, T. Bensley, and J. Cooke, 1797. [xxxii, 360] pp. 8vo. Bound in contemporary red straight-grained morocco, gilt spine, a.e.g. Covers rubbed and soiled, pages finger-soiled. [xxxii, 360] pp. 8vo. [Bound with:] A New Version of the Psalms of David ... London: Company of Stationers, 1798. 228 pp. Griffiths 1797:3

      [Bookseller: James Cummins Bookseller ]
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        Species Plantarum, exhibentes plantas rite cognitas, ad genera relatas, cum differentiis specificis, nominibus trivialibus, synonymis selectis, locis natalibus, secundum systema sexuale digestas.

      Editio quarta, post Reichardianam Quinta adjectis vegetabilibus hucusque cognitis curante Carolo Ludovico Willdenow. Tomus I:1-2, II:1-2, III:1-3, IV:1. Berolini. Impensis G. C. Nauk 1797-1805. 8:o. XXXI,(blank),495; (3),500-1568; (4),823; (3),836-1340; (4),847; (3);852-1474; (3),1478-2409; 629 pp. Contemporary half vellum. Colored edges. Volume I:1, II:1 and II:2 with some loss of paper on boards, on the vellum along spines. Small piece missing on title label on volume II:1. Some foxing, more at the beginning and end of each volume. 21 x 13 cm. 8 volumes. Lacking IV:2, V:1 and VI:1-2. Last volume was issued in 1833.

      [Bookseller: Antiquaria]
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        Analytische Mechanik. Aus dem Französischen mit einigen Anmerkungen und erläuternden Zusätzen von F.W.A. Murhard.

      Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht, Göttingen 1797 - 8°, 573 Seiten, Erste deutsche Ausgabe, Vorderdeckel mit Wasserfleck, Gelenke gebrochen, Rücken mit Fehltstelle; Partly foxed; waterstained. Contemporary calf, joints cracked, waterstained, spine with flaw. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Winfried Scheffler]
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        DEI DELITTI E DELLE PENE

      1797. Milano Dalla stamp. italiana e francese a s. Zeno, n.° 534, anno VI repubblicano (1797) 12° Pagine 2 carte bianche + occhietto + 288 + 2 carte bianche. Legatura coeva in piena pelle bazzana. Titolo e ricchi fregi in oro al dorso. Tagli rossi. Ottima e fresca. copi. Molto raro. Cfr: Firpo, Le edizioni italiane del "Dei delitti e delle pene" pagina 691-621, n. 30

      [Bookseller: Libreria antiquaria Segni nel Tempo]
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        Manuscript Proposal - Trade Mission to Tibet and China During Opium Era

      England, 1797. "Suggestions Respecting the Means of Improving our Connexion with China on the Side of Napaul & Thibet" [Great Britain], 1797. Manuscript memorandum revealing a trade relations strategy for Great Britain to increase access in China, written by an unidentified British colonial administrator or politician who was abreast with the political climate and the leaders in China, Nepal and Tibet. Folio. 16 pages in manuscript, written recto and verso with wide half-page margins, on five double leafs laid watermarked paper made by Whig politician and leading papermaker Clement Taylor in 1796, measuring approximately 20 x 31 cm, and string-tied to upper left margin with a green ribbon. Docketed to verso. Very slight occasional age-toning, otherwise in very good condition, clean and bright, a stellar primary source document. Provenance: From the Melville Papers. Written shortly after the return of Lord Macartney's Embassy to China, most likely by an influential administrator of the East India Company which had a monopoly on East Indies trade including Canton in China, the present memorandum is a proposal for a mission with the same objective of securing increased trade with China - this time by means of a somewhat obliquitous political connection through Nepal and Tibet. The East India Company was both ambitious and persistent with its aim of expanding commerce with the Far East, sparing no expense in sending great missions such as Lord Macartney's, and also chancing more intimate, lesser known missions aimed at reconnaissance or relationship building. This manuscript sets forth a new plan for British diplomacy in order to gain trade with China, "for us an open Trade of incalculable advantage." Indeed four years later, a small but successful mission, all but forgotten today, achieved the objectives laid out, by completing the first treaty with Nepal. Owing to the limited trading opportunities with most trade being confined to Canton, and also to the exorbitant fees paid to the customs officer via Hong merchants, on behalf of the British Government, in the 1790s, the East India Company sought to penetrate the western China market by way of Tibet. In order to achieve this, they required permission to cross Nepal, since all of the navigable trans-Himalayan passages lending access to trade with both Tibet and China, were within Nepalese territories. To this end, and to exploit additional trade opportunities, they began efforts to establish political relations with the Nepalese government. As evidenced by this primary source manuscript, British trade relations with China came to have an undertone of political complexity intertwined with the Tibetan-Nepalese Crisis, now known as the Sino-Nepalese War 1788-1792. In September 1792, a delegation under Colonel William Kirkpatrick was sent to Kathmandu, as a representative of Lord Cornwallis and the East India Company, to mediate peace between China and Nepal. However, upon his arrival, the parties had already concluded a treaty. The first vis-à-vis diplomatic meeting between China and Britain was that of Lord Macartney's in 1793. The embassy was intended to formalise and expand a trading relationship that, since the establishment of British trade at Canton around 1700, had become increasingly lucrative. Planned by the East India Company and the Pitt Government, and led by one of Britain?s most experienced diplomats, George Macartney (1737-1806), the embassy was equipped with all the pomps of a stately spectacle, designed to "impress the minds of the Chinese with a favourable impression of the Embassy, this Country and its commerce." Macartney carried £15,000 of presents from the East India Company, to be presented to the Emperor of China. In part because Macartney would not show submission by partaking in the kowtow custom, this mission was unsuccessful in obtaining a trade agreement. Although the request for a resident trade minister in Pekin was denied, as was the request for the lifting of some of the restrictions to English traders, the Emperor sent a letter promising friendship between the two nations. In 1795, another delegation under Maulvi Abdul Qader was sent by the East India Company to establish diplomatic and commercial relations with Nepal, in its continued efforts to reach Tibet, ultimately its greater ambition being China. Dating to 1797, this manuscript discloses the early stages of planning for the expedition of Captain William O. Knox, who would become the first to negotiate a treaty with the Nepalese Government on behalf of the East India Company, and the first to be granted Residency in Kathmandu. [Previously a member of the Kirkpatrick mission, Knox would be sent to Tibet in 1801. He would succeed to sign a treaty with Nepal, however within two years, political turbulence in the city forced him to leave in 1803. During his time in Kathmandu, Charles Crawford who was in charge of Knox's military escort, made some important geographical surveys of the surrounding valley, adding to the success of the mission.] These pages discusse Britain's favourable relations with the "Rajah of Napaul" [Rana Bahadur Shah, King of Nepal from 1777 to 1806], the British East India Company having negotiated a commercial treaty with Nepal in 1792, and how that might influence the Chinese Emperor for fear of British support in a Nepalese or Tibetan retaliation of Qing rule since the late wars. Important events and outcomes of the Sino-Nepalese War are discussed as the writer strategizes a new approach to China, concluding that the British government has valid reasons for sending an envoy. The mission would be charged with the delicate task of mending tentative relations with Nepal, and also the Chinese province of Tibet, for Britain's "non-interference" in the Sino-Nepalese War, of appeasing both sides, in hopes of renewing old commercial treaties. [The Sino-Nepalese War was an invasion of Tibet by Nepal from 1788-1792. The war was initially fought between Nepalese and Tibetan armies over a trade dispute related to a long-standing problem of low-quality coins manufactured by Nepal for Tibet. However, the initial Nepalese success in subduing the Tibetans, who were under the administrative rule of the Qing dynasty, led to the involvement of Qing imperial forces. The Nepalese were eventually driven out and forced to sign a peace treaty.] The writer anticipates a welcome invitation from the King of Nepal, providing opportunity for a British resident team which would gather information on the customs and trade of Nepal and Tibet. At the same time, he proposes, that instead of a public embassy, one could potentially obtain intelligence by secretly meeting with the Chinese Emperor himself, without the presence of his Courtiers, further lending easier negotiations. Secondary means of communication, by means of written correspondence to the Pekin Court, are also suggested. A far greater challenge, the mission's first task would be to change the existing mindset of the Chinese monarchy toward the English, to shift the perception of the latter from "beggarly merchants" to "dangerous enemy or powerful ally." In keeping with the mandate of George III and the government of Prime Minister William Pitt in 1792, the writer supports and emphasizes the importance of showcasing Great Britain's power in neighbouring countries, to incite intimidation, or at the very least, respect from the Chinese Emperor. Referencing George Staunton's firsthand account from the Macartney Embassy, he also notes customs pertaining to the Chinese Emperor and his image of holding ultimate rule over the universe. The above described proposal, made in 1797, would culminate into the 1801 expedition of Captain William O. Knox to Kathmandu, and the first treaty with the Nepalese Government. A short-lived opportunity, the Nepalese Darbar (Court) viewed Knox's residency and the signed treaty as having been imposed upon them, and furthermore, that the British acted more as masters than friends. Animosity grew exponentially and Knox withdrew from his post in 1803. Excerpts from the manuscript: "It appears probable that the impression made in China by the late Embassy in favour if this country [McCartney's Embassy to China] might be improved... by deputing a mission to the States in alliance with the East India Company, whose territories border the nearest on the Chinese Empire. - These are Napaul & Thibet" "... Both the Napaul Rajah and the Lamas of Thibet have sought friendship of the Bengal Government... for assistance during the late War which they waged against each other... The Bengal Government observed a prudent neutrality... The Chinese, however, sent an Army to support the great Lama and punish the Rajah of Napaul... The contest ended with a treaty... the Chinese keeping possession of Lassa, a part of the Dominion of the Lama whom they came to defend." "... the English Government has a very feasible pretext for sending a deputation into that quarter, in order to justify its non interference... to renew and extend commercial treaties... to remove, on the spot, the unjust suspicions entertained by the Chinese of the English having carried arms against them..." "It would be important to acquire more exact information... of the population, manners, manufacture and trade of Napaul & Thibet... to enjoy better opportunities of cultivating an intimate acquaintance with the Chinese. A Chinese Governor now commands at Lassa..." "The invitation by the Emperor of China of another Embassy from England would probably incline the Governor of Lassa to give welcome reception to the Mission at his place of residence, from whence the Post travels in three weeks to Pekin, so that a regular & frequent correspondence could be maintained with the court should he refuse this, which is extremely improbable.... The Emperor constantly entertains at a great expense, and with much parade, two inferior Lamas at Pekin, as nuncios from the Dilai Lama the spiritual father of his faith..." "... it is usual for Chinese Chiefs or Ministers to reside with whom there would be little difficulty of holding a direct communication and entering into Treaty." "... by Sir George Stauntons account of the late Embassy [Sir George Staunton, 1st Baronet], it was much easier to negotiate with the Chief Mandarines & Viceroys of China, when at a distance from the Court..." "The Chinese... have uniformly refuted, from a jealousy of the Imperial dignity, to comply with the demands or proposals of any public Embassy, least such compliance should appear in the light of humiliating concessions to the eyes of their own subjects, or should indicate to the latter the existence of some other Power equal to China. For the Chinese are taught to believe that the Emperor is Sovereign of the Universe..." "This policy of the Empire to bind its own subjects in awe, rather than to impose on Foreigners, would not, however be encroached upon by such a mission as is now proposed. It could carry on a secret intelligence with the Emperor himself... who... keeps a personal and punctual correspondence with his distant Ministers, expressive of more good will to the English than they experienced from the Officers of His Court." "A more familiar intercourse... with Chinese Chiefs residing in Thibet or on the Frontiers, than could take place in China itself, might likewise be prolonged... to enable the mission to explain friendly and pacific views of England towards China... the trade it wishes to carry on..." "The fear of the English encouraging the Napaul Rajah to resume hostilities, or assisting the Lama to recover possessions lately arrested from him... losses & expenses sustained with the Rajah of Napaul, would be strong inducements to the Chinese, not only to meet the English on fair terms, but to court their friendship..." "The fame of the British Arms on the taking of Dellamcotta [Bhutan] in 1773, spread alarm and terror through our adjacent states which are tributaries of China... The Chinese themselves have already shewn no small dread of our interference with them on the side of Napaul and Thibet... declining the deputation proposed by Lord Cornwallis in 1791 to be sent into that quarter in order to mediate peace..." "... admonitions of the Viceroy of Canton to Lord Macartney to dissuade him from exciting resentment at home, on account of the refusal of his demands at Pekin, betray likewise an apprehension of the British power..." "... while the proposed mission should take every necessary step to cultivate a good understanding with the Chinese Chiefs on the Frontiers of the Empire, it might be of advantage to keep just so much of their jealousy alive, as to make them feel the importance of being well with us in return, and the necessity of a reciprocation of good officers." "Instead of thinking us a set of Beggarly Merchants, to use their own phrase, they would learn to treat us as a Nation that may be either a dangerous Enemy or powerful Ally. - Under this impression new and extensive Commercial privileges might be gained thro' fear... procuring for us an open Trade of incalculable advantage along the whole extent of its Eastern Coast." End excerpts. It is no coincidence that a few years after the Knox expedition, the British instigated the Anglo-Nepalese War (1814-16), also known as the Gurkha War. On 2 December 1815 the Treaty of Sugauli was signed. It was ratified on 4 March 1816 by the East India Company and the King of Nepal, formally delineating the boundary of Nepal, conceding approximately one third of Nepalese-controlled territory to British India, and formally establishing a British representative in Kathmandu. The signatory for Nepal was Raj Guru Gajraj Mishra, aided by Chandra Sekher Upadhayaya, and the signatory for the Company was Lieutenant Colonel Paris Bradshaw. Subsequently, a second grand scale mission to Pekin would finally be undertaken, when in 1816 Lord Amherst [William Pitt Amherst] was sent to the court of China's Qing dynasty, also with a view of expanding commercial relations between China and Great Britain. Just like Macartney his predecessor, Amherst returned without any agreement from the Chinese government. In 1833, the jealously-protected monopoly of the East India Company was finally abolished. China trade was opened to the competition of all British subjects, including companies who had been petitioning the government and lobbying members of Parliament for free trade for years. Limitations restricting trade to a sin gle factory in Canton were lifted. Much to the chagrin of the pioneering Company who had laid the foundation for immense enterprise, the trade was no longer overseen by the East India Company Supercargoes, but managed by a Chief Superintendent appointed by the Crown. Also interesting to note, at the time of this proposed strategy, there was a heightened global demand for tea, China being the sole producer of the commodity. A secondary demand for Chinese silk and porcelain also became prevalent in the English market. China accepted only silver as currency from foreigners, creating a shortage of it. As Britain did not possess sufficient amounts of silver to trade with the Qing Empire, the East India Company (EIC), monopoly suppliers of tea to the English market, circumvented the problem by creating a barter system based on Indian opium to bridge the problem of payment. The opium was grown on their plantations in India, then sold to the Chinese, the proceeds from which they used to pay for tea. The exponential increase of opium in China between 1790 and 1832 brought about new problems, creating clashes between the Qing government and British merchants, which would ultimately escalate into the Opium Wars. A substantial archive of the Melville Papers (1786-1847), is held by the University of Manchester Library, which was acquired by the John Rylands Library from various sources in the 1930s, and which comprises correspondence and papers of Henry Dundas (1742-1811), 1st Viscount Melville, as well as his son Robert Saunders Dundas (1771-1851), 2nd Viscount. The National Records of Scotland also holds an important Melville Papers Archive, with documents dating from 1629-1939. "At the core of the collection are the papers of Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville and his son Robert, 2nd Viscount, dating from 1775 to 1830. Both men were de facto Secretaries of State for Scotland. Father and son were very involved in the government of India and in the administration of the Royal Navy." Similar collections can be found at the William L. Clements Library at the University of Michigan, Bodleian Library at the University of Oxford, George Macartney, 1st Earl Macartney, KB (1737-1806), best known as Lord Macartney, was a British statesman, colonial administrator and diplomat. He is often remembered for his observation following Britain's success in the Seven Years War and subsequent territorial expansion at the Treaty of Paris that Britain now controlled "a vast Empire, on which the sun never sets". Macartney arrived in the Caribbean in 1776 and was the Governor of Grenada, Tobago, and the Grenadines, from 1776 to 1779. Grenada was invaded in July 1779 by the French royal fleet of the Comte d'Estaing, the fortifications on Hospital Hill being sieged, and Macartney was imprisoned. After his return to Great Britain, he was governor of Madras from 1781 to 1785. Lord Macartney had the further distinction of being the first British ambassador to China. Appointed by George III in 1792, he was charged with the demonstration of British equality with, if not superiority to, the peoples of China, and the negotiation of commercial treaties for the export of tea, and more particularly the import of British goods to pay for the tea (until this attempt the Chinese had always forced the British to use silver for payment). Macartney was not especially well received, most likely because of his refusal to acknowledge the divine nature of the Chinese Qing Emperor Tchieng Lung by observing the traditional kowtow (k'ou-t'ou) or ritual abasement and because of his attempt to negotiate a diplomatic treaty acknowledging British equality. The Chinese viewed Macartney as a tributary ambassador (and therefore George III as a tributary king) and his requests were turned down. However, Macartney did take with him a considerable retinue, among them a number of people who published influential accounts of the journey to China and the customs and manners of the Chinese themselves. The embassy returned to England via Macao and St. Helena, arriving in September 1794, and Macartney received an earldom the same year. . Very Good.

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        Oeuvres

      - De l'imprimerie de P. Didot L'aîné, àParis 1797 (An V), in-8 (12x20cm), (2) 522pp. (1), relié. - nuova edizione Bound in pieno marocco grano rosso lungo (pelle Rusie) firmato P. Bozérian. Torna liscio decorato con doppia serie di filetto. bordi dorati. attrito - [FRENCH VERSION FOLLOWS] Nouvelle édition, illustrée d'un portrait en médaillon en page de titre et de 5 gravures à l'aquatinte non signées. Le dernier feuillet comporte cette note : "Cette édition, imprimée sur papier vélin d'Annonay, n'a été tirée qu'à 250 exemplaires." Selon Cohen, l'édition comporte 7 figures. Reliure en plein maroquin rouge à grains longs (cuir de Rusie) signée P. Bozérian. Dos lisse orné de séries de doubles filets. Tranches dorées. Frottements. Outre les Poésies (Epitres, Les quatre saisons, Poésies diverses, La religion vengée) l'édition contient le Discours sur la poésie, Reflexions sur les passions, Réflexions sur la métromanie, Réflexions sur la curiosité, Réflexions sur le goût de la campagne. Décédé en 1794, "Le cardinal des plaisir" selon l'appellation du roman éponyme de Jean-Maris Rouart, fut d'abord un poète pauvre avant d'être introduit dans les salons et notamment celui de Madame de Pompadour qui lança sa brillante carrière politique, puisqu'il fut tour à tour ministre et secrétaire d'état aux affaires étrangères. Ses vers galants, dont Votaire se moqua, lui ouvrirent les portes de l'Académie française à 29 ans.

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        Carte Des Découvertes Faites en 1787 dans les Mers De Chine et De Tartarie, par les Frégates Francaises la Boußole et l'Astrolabe, depuis leur Départ de Manille jusqu'à leur Arrivée au Kamtschatka. 1.ere Feuille. - Gravée par Bouclet - Ecrit par Herault.':.

      - Kupferstich v. Bouclet & Hérault aus Atlas du Voyage de la Pérouse ., 1797, 50,5 x 69 Walter, Japan a Cartographic vision. European printed Maps from the Early 16th to the 19th Century, 109; s. Phillips, Philippine Islands S. 117; Tooley's Dic. of Mapm., S. 376 (La Pérouse, Jean Francois Galoup, Comte de; 1741-1788). - Die Karte zeigt China mit Tawain und den südlichen Teil von Korea und Japan sowie die nördlichen Philippinen mit den Marianen. - Am unteren Kartenrand Titel. The map shows the eastcoast from China, Korea, Japan, Taiwan and the northern part of the Philippines.

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        Oeuvres

      De l'imprimerie de P. Didot L'aîné 1797 - - De l'imprimerie de P. Didot L'aîné, àParis 1797 (An V), in-8 (12x20cm), (2) 522pp. (1), relié. - Nouvelle édition, illustrée d'un portrait en médaillon en page de titre et de 5 gravures à l'aquatinte non signées. Le dernier feuillet comporte cette note : "Cette édition, imprimée sur papier vélin d'Annonay, n'a été tirée qu'à 250 exemplaires." Selon Cohen, l'édition comporte 7 figures. Reliure en plein maroquin rouge à grains longs (cuir de Rusie) signée P. Bozérian. Dos lisse orné de séries de doubles filets. Tranches dorées. Frottements. Outre les Poésies (Epitres, Les quatre saisons, Poésies diverses, La religion vengée) l'édition contient le Discours sur la poésie, Reflexions sur les passions, Réflexions sur la métromanie, Réflexions sur la curiosité, Réflexions sur le goût de la campagne. Décédé en 1794, "Le cardinal des plaisir" selon l'appellation du roman éponyme de Jean-Maris Rouart, fut d'abord un poète pauvre avant d'être introduit dans les salons et notamment celui de Madame de Pompadour qui lança sa brillante carrière politique, puisqu'il fut tour à tour ministre et secrétaire d'état aux affaires étrangères. Ses vers galants, dont Votaire se moqua, lui ouvrirent les portes de l'Académie française à 29 ans. [AUTOMATIC ENGLISH TRANSLATION FOLLOWS] New edition Bound in full morocco red long grain (leather Rusie) signed P. Bozérian. Back smooth decorated with double fillet series. gilt edges. friction (2) 522pp. (1) [Attributes: Hard Cover]

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        Pasigraphie... premiers élémens du nouvel art-science

      4to., (4)6663(1)pp., blank strip cut away from lower margin of last leaf, title-page a bit dust-soiled and with the initials 'A.G.' ink-stamped in margin, occasional light foxing, corners of some leaves curled, old, probably original, marbled wrappers, entirely uncut. A good copy.Publisher: Paris, au bureau de la Pasigraphie,Year: 1797Edition: First edition in French (published at the same time as a German language printing).

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        A SYSTEM FOR THE DISCIPLINE OF THE ARTILLERY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, OR, THE YOUNG ARTILLERIST'S POCKET COMPANION. VOLUME I [all published]

      New York: Printed by William A. Davis for the Author, 1797. [14],13-260pp. plus twenty-four engraved plates. 12mo. Original calf, leather label. Hinges cracked but cords sound, wear to spine extremities. Some staining on early leaves, scattered foxing and tanning. Overall good. The author was a captain of artillery during the American Revolution under Gen. John Lamb, who provides herein a recommendation for the book. William Rollinson, a line and stipple engraver in New York, executed the plates. A complete copy of an unusual and important manual, usually lacking some or all of the plates. RINK 2172. EVANS 32878. SABIN 91568. NAIP w029515.

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        NUOVA PIANTA DELL'INCLITA CITTA' DI VENETIA

      1797 - Riduzione della grande pianta dell'Ughi (1729), la prima e pià importante carta toponomastica "moderna" di Venezia, accompagnata da una veduta della Città che abbraccia la prospettiva di Venezia da San Giorgio fino al rio della Ca' di Dio.

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        Abhandlung über die leichteste und bequemste Methode die Bahn eines Cometen aus einigen Beobachtungen zu berechnen.

      Verlag des Industrie-Comptoirs, Weimar 1797 - 8vo (193 x 114 mm). xxxii, 106 (i.e. 96), 80 pp. Engraved folding plate bound at end, numerous letterpress tables. 20th century half calf over marbled boards, spine decorated in gilt and with gilt-lettered label (light rubbing of extremities, corners bumped). Text very fresh and crisp with only very minor spotting in places, plate with light soiling probably due to printers ink. Provenance: Augustiner Convent, Münnerstadt (two small stamps and shelf-numbers to title-page). Nice copy. ---- Houzeau-L. 11965; Poggendorff II, p.320; DSB X, p.198. - RARE FIRST EDITION. Olbers developed a new method for calculating a comet's parabolic orbit. "In a letter to F.X. von Zach (1754-1832), director of the newly founded observatory on the Seeberg, near Gotha, Olbers asked weather his treatise on this method should be printed, and if so, how this could be done. After reading the treatise and using it with ecxellent results to compute the orbit of the comet of 1779, which had presented great difficulties to many astronomers, von Zach decided to see it through the press himself. It appeared at Weimar 1797" (DSB). Mit dieser Abhandlung begründete der Bremer Mediziner Wilhelm Olbers (1758-1840), der sich nachts in seinem Privat-Observatorium astronomischen Studien widmete, seinen Ruf als einer der besten Astronomen seiner Zeit. Er hatte 1796 einen neuen Kometen entdeckt und eine Methode zu dessen Berechnung entwickelt. Sie löste die bis dahin üblichen langwierigen und häufig ungenauen Berechnungsarten von Euler sowie La Place ab. Eine zweite, von J. F. Encke berichtigte und erweiterte, wesentlich häufigere Auflage war erst 1847 erschienen. Visit our website for additional images and information. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

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        Dottrina cristiana per uso delle missioni della Giorgia ... Tradotta dalla lingua italiana in lingua civile giorgiana da David Tlukaanti ... della medesima nazione. Seconda edizione

      nella Stamperia de Propaganda Fide, 1797. In-8°, pp. 416, legatura in mezza pergamena, fregi in oro al dorso e titolo su tassello. Il volume è interamente impresso in caratteri Georgiani. Ottimo esemplare, raro.

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        Brief mit e. U. Wien, 8. III. 1797.

      1797. 1 S. 4to. An einen namentlich nicht genannten Adressaten: "Ihre letzt verlangten Statuta Carthusiensia sind sogleich per Postwagen an Sie abgegangen, wovon ich guten Empfang wünsche, und da heute so eben mein schöner Auktionskatalog fertig geworden, so sende ich Ihnen selben, weil der Auktions Termin schon sehr nahe ist, mit der Briefpost [...]". - Etwas angestaubt und fleckig.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Inlibris]
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        The Works of Tobias Smollett. M.D. with Memoirs of His Life.In Eight Volumes.

      B. Law et al London Eight Volumes complete 1797 - Octavo, frontispiece to volume one; cxcvi,[6],245p,plate; xxvi,570; [2],xvi,499; xvi,511; [16],491; [8],454; [4],452; [4],394. In fine contemporary bindings of full tree calf, minor wear edges, the spines very attractive with gilt filletes, bird ornaments in compartments, contrasting black and red lettering pieces, the decoration is bright and very handsome; there is some chipping to the head or tail of three or four volumes, occasional worn patch to boards, slight cracking tyhree or four joints but the boardfs are all well attached. Engraved bookplates of Josiasa Du Pre Alexander, Irish-born Officer of the East India Co, and MP. Overall a G-VG used set which looks very well on the shelves. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Neil Summersgill Ltd ABA,PBFA,ILAB.]
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        Lisbeth. Drame lyrique en trois actes et en prose. Paroles de Favières. Représentée pour la première fois sur le Théâtre de l`Opéra Comique de La Rue favart le 21 Nivose an 5e. (10 Janvier 1797 V.S.). Gravée par Huguet

      Paris : auteur, [1797]. - Partitur. [1] Bll. (Titel, Verlagsangabe), 128 S. HLdr. d. Zt. Bibliotheksexpl. mit Stempeln, auch auf einige Notenseiten. Titel miminal stockfleckig. // Full score. Contemp. half-leather. Ex-library copy with stamps to title and contents. Title sl. foxed. Erstausgabe. RISM G/GG 4221.Versand D: 4,00 EUR illustration, Oper, opera, opera scores, illustration, Oper, Oper, Partituren Oper

      [Bookseller: Musikantiquariat Paul van Kuik]
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        A SYSTEM FOR THE DISCIPLINE OF THE ARTILLERY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, OR, THE YOUNG ARTILLERIST'S POCKET COMPANION. VOLUME I [all published].

      New York: Printed by William A. Davis for the Author, . 1797 - [14],13-260pp. plus twenty-four engraved plates. 12mo. Original calf, leather label. Hinges cracked but cords sound, wear to spine extremities. Some staining on early leaves, scattered foxing and tanning. Overall good. The author was a captain of artillery during the American Revolution under Gen. John Lamb, who provides herein a recommendation for the book. William Rollinson, a line and stipple engraver in New York, executed the plates. A complete copy of an unusual and important manual, usually lacking some or all of the plates. RINK 2172. EVANS 32878. SABIN 91568. NAIP w029515.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        East India Company - "Suggestions Respecting the Means of Improving our Connexion with China on the Side of Napaul & Thibet"

      [Great Britain], 1797. Manuscript memorandum revealing a trade relations strategy for Great Britain to increase access in China, written by an unidentified British colonial administrator or politician who was abreast with the political climate and the leaders in China, Nepal and Tibet. Folio. 16 pages in manuscript, written recto and verso with wide half-page margins, on five double leafs laid watermarked paper made by Whig politician and leading papermaker Clement Taylor in 1796, measuring approximately 20 x 31 cm, and string-tied to upper left margin with a green ribbon. Docketed to verso. A stellar primary source document. Written shortly after the return of Lord Macartney's Embassy to China, most likely by an influential administrator of the East India Company, which had a monopoly on East Indies trade including Canton in China, the present memorandum is a proposal for a mission with the same objective of securing increased trade with China - this time by means of a somewhat obliquitous political connection through Nepal and Tibet. The East India Company was both ambitious and persistent with its aim of expanding commerce with the Far East, sparing no expense in sending great missions such as Lord Macartney's, and also chancing more intimate, lesser known missions aimed at reconnaissance or relationship building. This manuscript sets forth a new plan for British diplomacy in order to gain trade with China, "for us an open Trade of incalculable advantage." Indeed four years later, a small but successful mission, all but forgotten today, achieved the objectives laid out, by completing the first treaty with Nepal. Owing to the limited trading opportunities with most trade being confined to Canton, and also to the exorbitant fees paid to the customs officer via Hong merchants, on behalf of the British Government, in the 1790s, the East India Company sought to penetrate the western China market by way of Tibet. In order to achieve this, they required permission to cross Nepal, since all of the navigable trans-Himalayan passages lending access to trade with both Tibet and China, were within Nepalese territories. To this end, and to exploit additional trade opportunities, they began efforts to establish political relations with the Nepalese government. As evidenced by this primary source manuscript, British trade relations with China came to have an undertone of political complexity intertwined with the Tibetan-Nepalese Crisis, now known as the Sino-Nepalese War 1788-1792. In September 1792, a delegation under Colonel William Kirkpatrick was sent to Kathmandu, as a representative of Lord Cornwallis and the East India Company, to mediate peace between China and Nepal. However, upon his arrival, the parties had already concluded a treaty. The first vis-à-vis diplomatic meeting between China and Britain was that of Lord Macartney's in 1793. The embassy was intended to formalise and expand a trading relationship that, since the establishment of British trade at Canton around 1700, had become increasingly lucrative. Planned by the East India Company and the Pitt Government, and led by one of Britain's most experienced diplomats, George Macartney (1737-1806), the embassy was equipped with all the pomps of a stately spectacle, designed to "impress the minds of the Chinese with a favourable impression of the Embassy, this Country and its commerce." Macartney carried £15,000 of presents from the East India Company, to be presented to the Emperor of China. In part because Macartney would not show submission by partaking in the kowtow custom, this mission was unsuccessful in obtaining a trade agreement. Although the request for a resident trade minister in Pekin was denied, as was the request for the lifting of some of the restrictions to English traders, the Emperor sent a letter promising friendship between the two nations. In 1795, another delegation under Maulvi Abdul Qader was sent by the East India Company to establish diplomatic and commercial relations with Nepal, in its continued efforts to reach Tibet, ultimately its greater ambition being China. Dating to 1797, this manuscript discloses the early stages of planning for the expedition of Captain William O. Knox, who would become the first to negotiate a treaty with the Nepalese Government on behalf of the East India Company, and the first to be granted Residency in Kathmandu. [Previously a member of the Kirkpatrick mission, Knox would be sent to Tibet in 1801. He would succeed to sign a treaty with Nepal, however within two years, political turbulence in the city forced him to leave in 1803. During his time in Kathmandu, Charles Crawford who was in charge of Knox's military escort, made some important geographical surveys of the surrounding valley, adding to the success of the mission.] These pages discusse Britain's favourable relations with the "Rajah of Napaul" [Rana Bahadur Shah, King of Nepal from 1777 to 1806], the British East India Company having negotiated a commercial treaty with Nepal in 1792, and how that might influence the Chinese Emperor for fear of British support in a Nepalese or Tibetan retaliation of Qing rule since the late wars. Important events and outcomes of the Sino-Nepalese War are discussed as the writer strategizes a new approach to China, concluding that the British government has valid reasons for sending an envoy. The mission would be charged with the delicate task of mending tentative relations with Nepal, and also the Chinese province of Tibet, for Britain's "non-interference" in the Sino-Nepalese War, of appeasing both sides, in hopes of renewing old commercial treaties. [The Sino-Nepalese War was an invasion of Tibet by Nepal from 1788-1792. The war was initially fought between Nepalese and Tibetan armies over a trade dispute related to a long-standing problem of low-quality coins manufactured by Nepal for Tibet. However, the initial Nepalese success in subduing the Tibetans, who were under the administrative rule of the Qing dynasty, led to the involvement of Qing imperial forces. The Nepalese were eventually driven out and forced to sign a peace treaty.] The writer anticipates a welcome invitation from the King of Nepal, providing opportunity for a British resident team which would gather information on the customs and trade of Nepal and Tibet. At the same time, he proposes, that instead of a public embassy, one could potentially obtain intelligence by secretly meeting with the Chinese Emperor himself, without the presence of his Courtiers, further lending easier negotiations. Secondary means of communication, by means of written correspondence to the Pekin Court, are also suggested. A far greater challenge, the mission's first task would be to change the existing mindset of the Chinese monarchy toward the English, to shift the perception of the latter from "beggarly merchants" to "dangerous enemy or powerful ally." In keeping with the mandate of George III and the government of Prime Minister William Pitt in 1792, the writer supports and emphasizes the importance of showcasing Great Britain's power in neighbouring countries, to incite intimidation, or at the very least, respect from the Chinese Emperor. Referencing George Staunton's firsthand account from the Macartney Embassy, he also notes customs pertaining to the Chinese Emperor and his image of holding ultimate rule over the universe. The above described proposal, made in 1797, would culminate into the 1801 expedition of Captain William O. Knox to Kathmandu, and the first treaty with the Nepalese Government. A short-lived opportunity, the Nepalese Darbar (Court) viewed Knox's residency and the signed treaty as having been imposed upon them, and furthermore, that the British acted more as masters than friends. Animosity grew exponentially and Knox withdrew from his post in 1803. Excerpts from the manuscript: "It appears probable that the impression made in China by the late Embassy in favour if this country [McCartney's Embassy to China] might be improved... by deputing a mission to the States in alliance with the East India Company, whose territories border the nearest on the Chinese Empire. - These are Napaul & Thibet" "... Both the Napaul Rajah and the Lamas of Thibet have sought friendship of the Bengal Government... for assistance during the late War which they waged against each other... The Bengal Government observed a prudent neutrality... The Chinese, however, sent an Army to support the great Lama and punish the Rajah of Napaul... The contest ended with a treaty... the Chinese keeping possession of Lassa, a part of the Dominion of the Lama whom they came to defend." "... the English Government has a very feasible pretext for sending a deputation into that quarter, in order to justify its non interference... to renew and extend commercial treaties... to remove, on the spot, the unjust suspicions entertained by the Chinese of the English having carried arms against them..." "It would be important to acquire more exact information... of the population, manners, manufacture and trade of Napaul & Thibet... to enjoy better opportunities of cultivating an intimate acquaintance with the Chinese. A Chinese Governor now commands at Lassa..." "The invitation by the Emperor of China of another Embassy from England would probably incline the Governor of Lassa to give welcome reception to the Mission at his place of residence, from whence the Post travels in three weeks to Pekin, so that a regular & frequent correspondence could be maintained with the court should he refuse this, which is extremely improbable.... The Emperor constantly entertains at a great expense, and with much parade, two inferior Lamas at Pekin, as nuncios from the Dilai Lama the spiritual father of his faith..." "... it is usual for Chinese Chiefs or Ministers to reside with whom there would be little difficulty of holding a direct communication and entering into Treaty." "... by Sir George Stauntons account of the late Embassy [Sir George Staunton, 1st Baronet], it was much easier to negotiate with the Chief Mandarines & Viceroys of China, when at a distance from the Court..." "The Chinese... have uniformly refuted, from a jealousy of the Imperial dignity, to comply with the demands or proposals of any public Embassy, least such compliance should appear in the light of humiliating concessions to the eyes of their own subjects, or should indicate to the latter the existence of some other Power equal to China. For the Chinese are taught to believe that the Emperor is Sovereign of the Universe..." "This policy of the Empire to bind its own subjects in awe, rather than to impose on Foreigners, would not, however be encroached upon by such a mission as is now proposed. It could carry on a secret intelligence with the Emperor himself... who... keeps a personal and punctual correspondence with his distant Ministers, expressive of more good will to the English than they experienced from the Officers of His Court." "A more familiar intercourse... with Chinese Chiefs residing in Thibet or on the Frontiers, than could take place in China itself, might likewise be prolonged... to enable the mission to explain friendly and pacific views of England towards China... the trade it wishes to carry on..." "The fear of the English encouraging the Napaul Rajah to resume hostilities, or assisting the Lama to recover possessions lately arrested from him... losses & expenses sustained with the Rajah of Napaul, would be strong inducements to the Chinese, not only to meet the English on fair terms, but to court their friendship..." "The fame of the British Arms on the taking of Dellamcotta [Bhutan] in 1773, spread alarm and terror through our adjacent states which are tributaries of China... The Chinese themselves have already shewn no small dread of our interference with them on the side of Napaul and Thibet... declining the deputation proposed by Lord Cornwallis in 1791 to be sent into that quarter in order to mediate peace..." "... admonitions of the Viceroy of Canton to Lord Macartney to dissuade him from exciting resentment at home, on account of the refusal of his demands at Pekin, betray likewise an apprehension of the British power..." "... while the proposed mission should take every necessary step to cultivate a good understanding with the Chinese Chiefs on the Frontiers of the Empire, it might be of advantage to keep just so much of their jealousy alive, as to make them feel the importance of being well with us in return, and the necessity of a reciprocation of good officers." "Instead of thinking us a set of Beggarly Merchants, to use their own phrase, they would learn to treat us as a Nation that may be either a dangerous Enemy or powerful Ally. - Under this impression new and extensive Commercial privileges might be gained thro' fear... procuring for us an open Trade of incalculable advantage along the whole extent of its Eastern Coast." End excerpts. It is no coincidence that a few years after the Knox expedition, the British instigated the Anglo-Nepalese War (1814-16), also known as the Gurkha War. On 2 December 1815 the Treaty of Sugauli was signed. It was ratified on 4 March 1816 by the East India Company and the King of Nepal, formally delineating the boundary of Nepal, conceding approximately one third of Nepalese-controlled territory to British India, and formally establishing a British representative in Kathmandu. The signatory for Nepal was Raj Guru Gajraj Mishra, aided by Chandra Sekher Upadhayaya, and the signatory for the Company was Lieutenant Colonel Paris Bradshaw. Subsequently, a second grand scale mission to Pekin would finally be undertaken, when in 1816 Lord Amherst [William Pitt Amherst] was sent to the court of China's Qing dynasty, also with a view of expanding commercial relations between China and Great Britain. Just like Macartney his predecessor, Amherst returned without any agreement from the Chinese government. In 1833, the jealously-protected monopoly of the East India Company was finally abolished. China trade was opened to the competition of all British subjects, including companies who had been petitioning the government and lobbying members of Parliament for free trade for years. Limitations restricting trade to a single factory in Canton were lifted. Much to the chagrin of the pioneering Company who had laid the foundation for immense enterprise, the trade was no longer overseen by the East India Company Supercargoes, but managed by a Chief Superintendent appointed by the Crown. Also interesting to note, at the time of this proposed strategy, there was a heightened global demand for tea, China being the sole producer of the commodity. A secondary demand for Chinese silk and porcelain also became prevalent in the English market. China accepted only silver as currency from foreigners, creating a shortage of it. As Britain did not possess sufficient amounts of silver to trade with the Qing Empire, the East India Company (EIC), monopoly suppliers of tea to the English market, circumvented the problem by creating a barter system based on Indian opium to bridge the problem of payment. The opium was grown on their plantations in India, then sold to the Chinese, the proceeds from which they used to pay for tea. The exponential increase of opium in China between 1790 and 1832 brought about new problems, creating clashes between the Qing government and British merchants, which would ultimately escalate into the Opium Wars. A substantial archive of the Melville Papers (1786-1847), is held by the University of Manchester Library, which was acquired by the John Rylands Library from various sources in the 1930s, and which comprises correspondence and papers of Henry Dundas (1742-1811), 1st Viscount Melville, as well as his son Robert Saunders Dundas (1771-1851), 2nd Viscount. The National Records of Scotland also holds an important Melville Papers Archive, with documents dating from 1629-1939. "At the core of the collection are the papers of Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville and his son Robert, 2nd Viscount, dating from 1775 to 1830. Both men were de facto Secretaries of State for Scotland. Father and son were very involved in the government of India and in the administration of the Royal Navy." Similar collections can be found at the William L. Clements Library at the University of Michigan, Bodleian Library at the University of Oxford, George Macartney, 1st Earl Macartney, KB (1737-1806), best known as Lord Macartney, was a British statesman, colonial administrator and diplomat. He is often remembered for his observation following Britain's success in the Seven Years War and subsequent territorial expansion at the Treaty of Paris that Britain now controlled "a vast Empire, on which the sun never sets". Macartney arrived in the Caribbean in 1776 and was the Governor of Grenada, Tobago, and the Grenadines, from 1776 to 1779. Grenada was invaded in July 1779 by the French royal fleet of the Comte d'Estaing, the fortifications on Hospital Hill being besieged, and Macartney was imprisoned. After his return to Great Britain, he was governor of Madras from 1781 to 1785. Lord Macartney had the further distinction of being the first British ambassador to China. Appointed by George III in 1792, he was charged with the demonstration of British equality with, if not superiority to, the peoples of China, and the negotiation of commercial treaties for the export of tea, and more particularly the import of British goods to pay for the tea (until this attempt the Chinese had always forced the British to use silver for payment). Macartney was not especially well received, most likely because of his refusal to acknowledge the divine nature of the Chinese Qing Emperor Tchieng Lung by observing the traditional kowtow (k'ou-t'ou) or ritual abasement and because of his attempt to negotiate a diplomatic treaty acknowledging British equality. The Chinese viewed Macartney as a tributary ambassador (and therefore George III as a tributary king) and his requests were turned down. However, Macartney did take with him a considerable retinue, among them a number of people who published influential accounts of the journey to China and the customs and manners of the Chinese themselves. The embassy returned to England via Macao and St. Helena, arriving in September 1794, and Macartney received an earldom the same year.

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        "Om Beskatning" (+) "Om Jordbrukets förfall i Europa, efter Romerska Väldets undergäng" (+) "Om Handelsbalancen" (+) "Om Jordbruks-systemet I en Rikshushållning, samt om Economisterne I Frankrike" (+) "Om Pappers-myntet I Norr-Amerika Kolonierne, före Revolutionen" (+) "Om Krono-jord" (+) "Theorien för statsskulder". [ I: ] Läsning i blandade ämnen. Första [ - Femte och Sista] Årgången. [= No. 1-50]

      Stockholm, Henrik A. Nordström, 1797-1801. 8vo. Uncut, partly unopened in the original wrappers. In 22 volumes as issued. Last volume name written on title-page, otherwise an exceptionally fine, clean and untouched set rarely seen in this condition. (4),102 pp.; (2),182 pp.; (2),107 pp.; (2),157,(1) pp.; (2),176,(4) pp.; (4),138,(2) pp.; (2),205,(1) pp. + 1 folded table; (2),188 pp; (2),190 pp.; (2),89,(4) pp.; (4),135,(1) pp.; (2),116,(1) pp.; (2),157 pp.; (2),120 pp.; (2),151,(1 blank,10) pp. + 1 folded map; (2),215 pp. + 1 folded table; (2),131,(5) pp.; (4),207 pp.; (2),183,(1) pp. + 1 folded table; (2),218 pp.; (2),144,(4) pp.; (6),449,(1) pp. + 5 folded plates."Om Beskatning", Part: 36, 37, 38:Pp. 145-177"Om Jordbrukets förfall i Europa, efter Romerska Väldets undergäng", Part: 27, 28. Pp. 93-120"Om Handelsbalancen", Part: 25,26. Pp. 92-114"Om Jordbruks-systemet I en Rikshushållning, samt om Economisterne I Frankrike", Part: 25-26. Pp. 43-92"Om Pappers-myntet I Norr-Amerika Kolonierne, före Revolutionen". Part: 27-28. Pp.57-62"Om Krono-jord". Part: 29,30,31. Pp 139-146."Theorien för statsskulder". Part: 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49 & 50. Pp. 151-161. First, however partial, translation of Adam Smith's Wealth of Nations in Swedish rarely seen in this condition, thus making it the very first opportunity for Swedish speakers to study Adam Smith. A more lengthy translation was made in 1909 - 1911 but to this day a full Swedish translation has not been made."Von Schulzenheim [nobleman, physician, country squire and politician] also published shorter articles in the review 'Läsning I blandade ämnen', an organ of the opposition to the absolutist and obscurantist regime of Gustavus IV Adolphus. The editor of the review was count Georg Adlersparre, an army officer and a political writer who in 1809 was to become one of the prime-movers behind the dethronement of the king. Adlersparre to was an admirer of Adam Smith. In 1799-1800 he published in the 'Läsning' his own Swedish translation of several selections from Wealth of Nations. In some cases Adlersparre added footnotes, making it easier for the readers to apply Smith's ideas to Swedish conditions. Those translations, to the best of my knowledge, were the first ones of Wealth of Nations in Sweden. They were followed by translations of other parts of Wealth of Nations, published in 1800 amd 1808. This time the translator was Erik Erland Bodell, an official of the Swedish Customs and thus, if you like, a colleague of Adam Smith." ( Cheng-chung, Adam Smith Across Nations). Despite the comparatively late translation into Swedish, it still had a profound influence, not on economists since they were well aware of the original work in English, but upon politics and public opinion in general: "There are few things more striking to the modem student of the history of ideas in Sweden than the negative phenomenon that Sweden was almost entirely uninfluenced by this fact and thus remained almost unaffected by English economic thought during a period when its superiority was most evident. As far as I am acquainted with the Swedish economic discussion and our popular economic literature of the 1860's and 1870's, there is almost no trace of any influence from English writers. [...]Of Adam Smith we have still only one abbreviated translation of his famous work and that was published as late as during this century; and, as far as I know, nothing of Ricardo's or Malthus' exists in Swedish, nor do any of the major economic works of J.S. Mill." (Heckscher, A survey of economic thought in Sweden, 1875-1950).The journal was preceded by Adlersparre's "Läsning för landtmän" 1795-96. The content is a mixture of literature, agriculture, law, philosophy and politics. Apart from the many contributions by Swedish authors, "Läsning i blandade ämnen" also contains texts by Kant, Gibbon and De Lolme OCLC lists copies at Yale, Minnesota, and Texas.

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        Report of the Lords' Committee of Secrecy

      1797 - (BANK OF ENGLAND) (PARLIAMENT). Report of the Lords’ Committee of Secrecy. Ordered to be Printed 28th April 1797. BOUND WITH: Third Report of the Committee of Secrecy [of the House of Commons]. Ordered to be Printed 21st April 1797 [London]: no publisher, (1797). Folio, contemporary three-quarter calf, red morocco spine label, marbled boards. $2500.Scarce first edition of the results of the Secret Committee’s investigation of the Bank of England’s bullion crisis, with folding tables of accounts, in contemporary binding.By 1797 England’s war with France had drained the gold reserves. The Government prohibited the Bank from paying its notes in gold; the House of Lords and the House of Commons both commissioned Secret Committees charged with examining and stating the total amount of outstanding demands on the Bank of England and the funds available for discharging these debts. The House of Lords’ Secret Committee’s report includes minutes of evidence and papers and accounts; the House of Commons’ Secret Committee’s third report includes minutes of evidence and an appendix (the first and second reports, not present here, were only two pages long). Both reports include numerous tables of accounts, many folding.This banking crisis influenced a number of important 19th-century economic thinkers, perhaps most notably David Ricardo. "Ricardo was led to the study of money and banking and the mechanism of international payments by urgent questions of the day. He had witnessed the great currency upheavals connected with the wars and had seen the suspension of cash payments in 1797, the great depreciation of paper money, and the marked rise in prices which followed it. In The High Price of Bullion, published in 1809, he explained that these phenomena had been caused by an over-issue of paper money. He proposed that the Bank of England should gradually reduce the amount of notes in circulation until the price of gold had been brought down to its previous level the essence of Ricardo’s theory was accepted by the Bullion Committee, and subsequent banking legislation, particularly the resumption of cash payments in 1822, reflect strongly the Ricardian influence" (Roll, 173). Both reports include numerous tables of accounts, many folding. Kress B.3415. Goldsmiths 17009; 17007. Contemporary binding slightly worn, joints tender but cords sound. Text fine. Very good condition. Very scarce. [Attributes: First Edition]

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        Die Kunst das menschliche Leben zu verlängern

      Jena, in der akademischen Buchhandlung, 1797 (2 Theile in 1 Band). 20 x 12cm, Halbleder d.Zt., ovales gestochenes Frontispiz (F. Stoelzel), alter Namenszug auf Titel, Rotschnitt; XXIV, 696 S. seltene EA des Klssikers von Hufeland (spätere Auflagen unter dem Titel \'Makrobiotik\'). Mit einem theoretischen und einem praktischen Teil. Seine Empfehlungen sind modern und haben aktuelle Diskussionen längst vorweggenommen: gesunde Ernährung, Kräftigung durch vernünftige Bewegung, frische und kühle Luft, maßvoller Umgang mit den Kräften, \"angenehme Seelenstimmung\" Versand D: 5,00 EUR Medizin, Gesundheit

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        A litter of foxes". Zwei Rotfüchse mit ihren zwei Jungtieren im Wald.

      Altkol. Schabkunstblatt in Braun von J. Grozer nach "Animals by C. Loraine Smith, Esqr., Landscape by G. Morland", London, dat. 1797, 45 x 60,5 cm. Thieme-Becker Bd. XXV, S. 159: Morland "wurde schnell beliebt durch seine Sittenbilder, ... u.s. Jagdbilder". - Thieme-Becker Bd. XV, S. 116: Grozer "stach und schabte eine Reihe trefflicher Wiedergaben von Gemälden ... G. Morland's u.a.". - Mit drei kleinen professionell restaurierten Randeinrissen. Dekoratives Schabkunstblatt in mehreren Braunabstufungen gedruckt und koloriert. Dekorative Graphik, Farbstich

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        PRIMEROSE

      A Paris de l'imprimerie de P. Didot l'Ainé, 1797. 1 vol grand in-18 maroquin vert, dos orné, filets sur les plats, dentelle intérieure, tranche dorée, la reliure est de ALLO. Edition illustrée de 6 figures charmantes, un des 100 exemplaires tirés sur papier velin en format grand in 18 renfermant les figures AVANT LA LETTRE. superbe epreuve, trés recherchée dans un état impecable. Admirable travail du relieur ALLO. ray rdc armo

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        Denkmahl des berühmten Astronomen P. Placidus Fixlmillner, Benedictiners in Kremsmünster. Gotha, o. Dr., 1797.

      1797. 20 SS. Marmorierter Pappband der Zeit mit Signaturschildchen am Rücken. 8vo. Sehr seltener Rückblick auf den 1791 gestorbenen Kremsmünsteraner Astronomen Placidus Fixlmillner, verfaßt von Friedrich von Schlichtegroll, Verfasser des berühmten "Nekrologs der Teutschen" (und im 1793 erschienenen Band für 1791, in den Fixlmillner noch nicht berücksichtigt ist, der erste Mozartbiograph), im Jahr seiner Antikenstudie zur Gemmensammlung des Philipp von Stosch. - Am vorderen Innendeckel alte Signaturvermerke. Sauberes, breitrandiges Exemplar.

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        Annals of Scotland

      Edinburgh - William Creech, T Caddell and W Davies, 1797 Book. Very Good. Hardcover. The complete three volumes of David Dalrymple's Annals of Scotland. With a portrait frontispiece of Sir David Dalrymple, Lord Hailes, to volume I. The Annals of Scotland track Scotland's historical recordsfrom the accession of Malcolm III to the accession of the house of Steward. There are also several valuable tracts relativeto thehistory and antiquities of Scotland. With a prior owner's biographical note on Lord Hailes to the front pastedown and to the recto of front endpaper to volume I. Lord Hailes is best known for his Annals of which the first volume appeared in 1776 and the second in 1779. This is a new edition of the work in threevolumes published five years after Lord Hailes' death. Condition: In full calf bindings with gilt stamping to the boards. Externally, generally smart with patches of rubbing to the spines and joints. Small loss to the head of spine to volume I and III. All volumes are lacking their numbered spine label. Minor rubbing to the extremities. A few small holes from worming to the front board of volume III, not affecting internals. Internally, all volumes are firmly bound. Pages are slightly age toned to edges with a few spots throughout. Overall: VERY GOOD..

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        Voyage de La Pérouse autour du monde, . rédigé par M. L.A. Milet-Mureau, .Paris, Plassan, 1798. 4 text volumes (8vo) & atlas (folio). The atlas with engraved portrait of La Pérouse, engraved title-page and 69 engraved plates (35 full-page views and illustrations, and 34 folding maps and charts). Text vols. contemporary gold-tooled tree-pattern tanned sheepskin; atlas in matching tree-pattern tanned half sheepskin, gold-tooled spine. All volumes rebacked in calf, with the original backstrips laid down.

      - Ferguson 268; Forbes 286; Hill 973 (lacking atlas); Howgego L20; Judd, Voyages to Hawaii 102 (lacking atlas); Sabin 38960. Second or third edition in the original French, "the basis for editions in several foreign languages" (Anker), of La Pérouse's important Pacific voyage, first published in 1797. La Pérouse commanded an ambitious scientific expedition to the Pacific with the objective to establish trade contacts and to explore territories left uncharted by Cook. Fitted out with two ships, L'Astrolabe and La Bousole, the expedition sailed from Brest in August 1785. They called at Chile, Hawaii, Alaska, Macao, Manila, Terney, Kamchatka, Samoa and Tonga, reaching Botany Bay (Australia) in January 1788. La Pérouse weighed anchor in March of the same year. He sailed north into the Pacific and was never seen again. Some 40 years later Peter Dillon discovered the wreckage of his ships off Vanikoro.From the library of the Grafen von Ludolf. The text volumes and some plates somewhat foxed, the atlas frontispiece and title-page slightly dirty, some maps and charts with small tears at the folds, but still in good condition, most of the plates very good. All volumes rebacked (as noted), the atlas worn and the corners damaged. "An octavo edition of the La Pérouse voyage which is less often found than the official quarto edition" (Forbes).

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        Kupferstich von Koeppel, Lehrbrief mit Ansicht auf Bayreuth.

      Bayreuth, , 1797. - circa 32 x 39,5 cm. 1 Blatt mit Faltspuren Gesellenbrief für einen Perückenmacher, dem gute Arbeit in Bayreuth bescheinigt wird, handschriftlich ausgefüllt, von mehreren Meistern signiert, datiert und gestempelt, mit einem papiergedeckten und einem roten Wachs-Siegel. Text in Bordüre, darüber eine hübsche Gesamtansicht auf Bayreuth. "- Gut erhalten, nur leicht angestaubt, gering knittrig, sonst sauber. [Attributes: Signed Copy]

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        Elements of the Veterinary Art, Containing an Essay on the Proportions of the Celebrated Eclipse; Six Lectures on Farriery, an Essay on the Grease... An essay on the glanders; and observations on the gripes. The whole illustrated with nine ... engravings. By Charles Vial de Sainbel, ... To which is prefixed, a short account of his life

      London: J. Wright, 1797. The Third Edition. Frontispiece portait, 8 plates. 29,[1];[3],6-83,[1],2;[2],xii,iii,[1],202;127,[1]pp. 1 vols. 4to. Contemporary speckled calf. Very nice copy. Bookplate of William Ruddell Clarke. The Third Edition. Frontispiece portait, 8 plates. 29,[1];[3],6-83,[1],2;[2],xii,iii,[1],202;127,[1]pp. 1 vols. 4to. ESTC T129098; Podeschi/Mellon #74

      [Bookseller: James Cummins Bookseller]
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