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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1797

        The Principles of Eloquence; Adapted to the Pulpit and the Bar

      Abbe Maury. First American edition. Translated from the French with additional Notes by John Neal Lake. Printed by Loring Andrews & Co for Thomas, Andrews & Penniman, Albany 1797, 1st American edition of a work that was 1st translated into English 4 years before. OCLC: 3646833; Evans 32455; LC 30-33066. 12mo, xii, 239pp text which is evenly tanned. Contemporary sheep w/ red title label, slt. bumped & front board detached but present. The work remains one of the classic texts on eloquence & oratory. The contemporary notice in the Monthly Review describes the work as "excellent"

      [Bookseller: Antipodean Books, Maps & Prints ]
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        REGLAMENTO NUEVO del Monte Pio establecido a favor de las viudas y hijos de los Criados distinguidos de los Excelentísimos Señores Grandes de España, aprobado, publicado e impreso en el año de 1797.

      En Madrid, en la imprenta de la Viuda de Ibarra, (1797). - in-8 carré. 1f. 93pp. Plein maroquin rouge, dos lisse orné, double filet et guirlande dorés encadrant les plats, doublure et gardes de tabis bleu, toutes tranches dorées (fraîche reliure de l'époque). Edition Originale. Très bel exemplaire, finement relié, du règlement de ce Mont de Piété conçu pour prêter assistance aux veuves et aux orphelins des domestiques des Grands d'Espagne. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Librería Comellas]
 2.   Check availability:     IberLibro     Link/Print  

        Bell's British Theatre, consisting of the most esteemed English plays.

      London: George Cawthorn, 1797. 34 volumes, 16mo., engravings; contemporary sprinkled calf, full blue morocco spines richly gilt. A most handsome set of collected plays by the famous publisher Bell, 'the mischievous spirit, the very Puck of booksellers' (DNB). This fine collection includes many of the most famous plays by authors such as Milton, Goldsmith, Jonson, Congreve, and Mrs. Griffiths. It was originally issued in 1776-77 as a serious attack on the monopoly exerted by a group of London booksellers calling themselves "the trade". Bell was a consummate bookseller, and his small, tasteful volumes were renowned both for ease of reading (his major innovation was the discarding of the long 's') and lavish illustration. Each play was issued with a frontispiece of a famous actor in a rhetorical pose from the play, as well as another of a suitably dramatic scene. This attention to design confirmed and enhanced the popular success of the series.The fact that each play is also prefaced by a brief commentary and biography of the author, the latter designed, at least in part, as moral corrective to the reader, hence the DNB entry on Bell: 'pioneer in that kind of publication so much in vogue in later days, by which the multitude is taught to feel an interest in the best literature by means of prints and illustrations executed by good artists.'. A fine and handsome set.

      [Bookseller: Hordern House]
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        Della pittura Veneziana trattato in cui osservasi lordine del Busching sic e si conserva la dottrina e le definizioni del Zanetti Venice Tosi


      [Bookseller: Maggs Bros. Ltd. ]
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        An Historical Account of the Embassy to the Emperor of China...

      London: J. Stockdale, 1797. Octavo, folding map; contemporary sprinkled calf. An attractive copy of the reduced octavo version of the official narrative of the important Macartney embassy to China, by which the British sought to establish formal diplomatic and commercial relations. Staunton served as a secretary to the embassy and compiled his account from the journal of Lord Macartney and other dignitaries. It was hurried to the press to satisfy considerable public curiosity about China both in England and across Europe. The Historical Account was so popular that it was published several times during the 1790s.For many English readers Staunton's work offered the first opportunity to understand Chinese government, technologies, agriculture and customs from firsthand description, and this book played an important role in disseminating information to a wider public. Curiosity was especially aroused by China as a source for desirable and lucrative commodities including silk, tea, textiles and ceramics. Good.

      [Bookseller: Hordern House]
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         Proofs of a conspiracy against all the religions and governments of Europe, carried on in the secret meetings of Free Masons, Illuminati, and Reading Societies...

      Edinburgh, for W. Creech, T. Cadell & W. Davies, 1797, in 8°, de 4ff. 496pp., cart. papier marbré raciné moderne. - On y joint : Postscript to the second edition of Mr. Robison's Proofs and conspiracy against all the religions and Governments of Europe... London for T. Cadell, W. Davies & W. Creech 1797, de 35pp., pl. veau glacé raciné début XXe, encadrement d'une grecque dorée sur les plats avec équerre et compas dans les angles, tache claire en marge. Bon exemplaire dans des reliures différentes mais proches. Edition originale très rare, surtout avec le supplément "Postscript" répondant à certains arguments de l'abbé Barruel et exemptant la maçonnerie anglaise de l'accusation de conspiration. Robison développe ici la thèse d'un complot maçonnique dans la révolution française en parallèle à l'action des Illuminés de Bavière. Il se base sur des renseignements fournis par l'agent secret Alexander Horn. Cette thèse recoupe celle du jésuite français A. Barruel. ¶ Dorbon n°6548 (trad. fçse) "ouvrage de la plus grande rareté..." - Fesch p.1251 (trad. fçse) - Wolfstieg 3806 - Caillet n°9512 "Ouvrage rempli de faits et de documents dont Barruel a beaucoup profité pour son Histoire du Jacobinisme".

      [Bookseller: L'intersigne Livres anciens]
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        Discours préliminaire au nouveau dictionnaire de la langue française. Première partie. De l'homme, de ses facultés intellectuelles et de ses idées premières et fondamentales. [Ensemble] De l'université de la langue française

      chez Cocheris.. First Edition. Two editions were published at the same time, the latter, and a second in Hamburg in Mowing. See Tchemerzine V, 409. The result of this preliminary disboard, as the famous dictionary, never emerge. The second text was published for the first time in Berlin in 1784 following this closely "subject proposed by the Academy of Berlin." Tchemerzine V, 403: 'This edition, well printed, is also sought as the original. Half black chagrin mid nineteenth Jansenist. Back to 4 nerves. The keynote speech is an ambitious book, both a reflection on the phonetic, linguistic reflection, and a book of philosophy of language, which considers that one can not speak of man and the world of ideas, not to mention language and speech. The second book is raised to the glory of French monument, "What is not clear is not French." Rivaroli born son of an Italian innkeeper, Antoine Rivarol tutor in Lyon and then in Paris, introduced in the halls calling himself Count Rivarol, it will be famous in his time to fight the glories of the time, writers and philosophers , against Beaumarchais, Buffon or Mirabaud, with violence and a real talent for satire and controversy. --- Please note that the translation in english is done automatically, we apologize if the formulas are inaccurate. Contact us for any information! chez Cocheris. à Paris 1797 in 4 (18,5x24cm) (4) XXXIV (2) 240pp. et (2) 62pp. (1). relié

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        Discours préliminaire du nouveau dictionnaire de la langue française. Première partie : de l'homme, de ses facultés intellectuelles et de ses idées premières et fondamentales.

      Paris, Cocheris, 1797, an V. ____ Première édition. C'est tout ce qui a été publié du Dictionnaire de Rivarol. La vente en fut interdite en France. Il existe deux tirages de cette édition originale: l'un à Paris chez Cocheris, l'autre à Hambourg chez Fauche. Seul le fleuron et le nom d'imprimeur sont différents. Tchemerzine V, 409. Relié à la suite : - RIVAROL. De l'universalité de la langue française. Sujet proposé par l'Académie de Berlin, en 1783. Paris, Cocheris, 1797. (2), 62, (2) pp. "Rien n'est comparable à la prose française" : cette forte affirmation résume le message de ce petit ouvrage écrit tout entier à la gloire de la France et de la langue française. ... Rivarol embrasse d'un coup d'oeil quinze siècles d'histoire, il définit en quelques pages le génie des nations." En français dans le texte 177, pour la première édition de Berlin en 1784. C'est dans cet ouvrage que l'on trouve sa plus célèbre formule: "Ce qui n'est pas clair n'est pas français''. Tchemerzine V, 403 : "Cette édition, très bien imprimée, est aussi recherchée que l'originale". Petit manque sur le bord latéral de la pièce de titre. Un lecteur de l'époque a consciencieusement corrigé au crayon toutes les fautes signalées à l'errata. Bon exemplaire. *****. In-4. [235 x 175 mm] Collation : (4), XXXIV, (2), 240 pp. Demi-basane brune, dos orné, tranches mouchetées, étiquette de titre rouge. (Reliure de l'époque.).

      [Bookseller: Hugues de Latude]
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         De l'Aranéologie ou sur la découverte du rapport constant entre l'apparition ou la disparition, le travail ou le repos, le plus ou le moins d'étendue des toiles et des fils d'attaches des araignées des différentes espèces ; et les variations athmosphériques du beau temps à la pluie, du sec à l'humide, mais principalement du chaud au froid, et de la gelée à glace au véritable dégel.

      Paris, chez J.J. Fuchs, an V.-1797, in 8°, de 4ff.-164pp., cart. papier marbré moderne genre ancien, qq. lég. mouillures claires. Edition originale peu commune de ce curieux traité. Le chimiste renommé Quatremère-Disjonval (1754-1830) fut banni par Napoléon après la faillite de sa filature de coton. Exilé aux Pays-Bas il fut emprisonné à Utrecht pour ses idées et ses recherches bizarres. Durant son emprisonnement il étudia les moeurs des araignées. Ce fût grâce aux prédictions atmosphériques déduites du comportement des araignées que Quatremère-Disjonval annonça à Pichegru pendant l'hiver 1795 la venue d'une gelée terrible qui retint la flotte hollandaise prisonnière des glaces du Zuiderzee et permit ainsi aux armées françaises d'envahir sans coup férir les Provinces-Unies. C'est cette prédiction qui lui valut sa libération. ¶ Poggendorff II,548 - Martin-Walter 28394 - Quérard VIII-384.

      [Bookseller: L'intersigne Livres anciens]
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        Essai VII. sur la manière dont la chaleur se propage dans les fluides.

      Geneva: 1797. 1st Edition. Hardcover. 8vo - over 7¾ - 9¾" tall. Offprint from: Bibliotheque Britannique, Sciences et Arts. Vol. 5 [Geneva, 1797]. 8vo (199 x 127 mm). iv, 104 pp. One folding engraved plate. Printed on blue paper. Inscribed and signed by Rumford on title-page ("to the right honorable Lord Sheffield, from his most obedient servant Rumford"). Provenance: Lord Sheffield (dedication by Rumford on title-page); Walter Scott Thompson (his bookplate to front pastedown). Later cloth (extremities little rubbed). Internally only little age-toned, title page with glued residue of flyleaf paper at gutter margin (not affecting text), inscription slightly trimmed at top and fore-margin. ----DSB XIII, p.351. FIRST EDITION of Rumford's essay on the propagation of heat in fluids. Rumford is best known for his contributions to the theory of heat. At the end of the 18th century the predominant theory of heat was the so-called caloric theory, according to which heat was a fluid substance that flowed into bodies when they were heated and flowed out of them as they cooled. The success of this theory in explaining then known phenomena is reflected in many terms, such as "heat flow" and "calorie," still used by physicists today. "In 1797 he published the description of a device for proving gunpowder, which was generally accepted as the standard method by both the British and the Bavarian armies. It was during his investigations of cannon that he was impressed by the large amount of heat generated in cannon barrels by the explosion of gunpowder even when no ball was being fired. He was thus led to accept the vibratory theory of heat, which he championed actively all his life. Thompson's most famous experiment in this area was his demonstration of the process of boring cannon with a dull drill, which he carried out in the arsenal at Munich. Because the heat generated in this process seemed limitless, he reasoned that a fluid caloric did not exist. Thompson carried out many other experiments to demonstrate the reasons for his disbelief in the caloric theory. He unsuccessfully attempted to determine whether heat had weight, which would be an attribute of a fluid; he weighted, at different temperatures, fluids that had markedly different specific heats and heats of fusion. He studied the anomalous expansion of fusion. He studied the anomalous expansion of water between 4°C and 0°C to show that the concept that thermal expansion is caused by fluid caloric taking up space was false. He never realized the connection between heat and energy, although he did carry on experiments to demonstrate spontaneous interdiffusion of different density liquids at constant temperature, and he postulated that fluids are in constant random motion." (DSB). Very Good.

      [Bookseller: Milestones of Science Books]
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        Voyage dans l'intérieur des États-Unis, a Bath, Winchester, dans la vallée de Shenandoah, etc. Pendant l'Été de 1791. Seconde édition. Augmentée de descriptions et d'anecdotes sur la vie militaire et politique de Georges Washington

      Chez Batilliot frères. The second and improved, augmented, edition.Contemporary marbled calf, spine gilt. Black morocco title-piece. Upper joint scratched, two small holes to lower joint, two corners bumped. A good copy.A pictorial and descriptive account of a voyage to the interior of the United States - to Bath, Winchester, Baltimore, Virginia, and the Shenandoah valley. When the work appeared, the author was heavily accused of glorifying the American Republic and the men who had made it. The work includes a number of observations on the various populations - Germans, Native Americans, African Americans - including their customs and dress. The chapter on Washington is based on oral accounts from a number of officers and contains several letters disavowed by him. Label : Library of Hubel Robins. Richmond. Virginia.  Chez Batilliot frères à Paris 1797 in-8 (12x20cm) xxxv, 349pp. relié

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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         Essais philosophiques précédés d'un précis de sa vie et de ses écrits, par Dugald Stewart. Traduit de l'anglais par P. Prevost.

      Paris, chez H. Agasse, 1797, 2 tomes in 8°, de 2ff. 283pp & 2ff. 316pp., sans portrait comme c'est le cas dans la majorité des exemplaires, rel. en 1 vol. demi-veau blond XIXe, dos à filets dorés, bel exemplaire très grand de marges. Première édition française. Il existe des exemplaires avec un portrait et d'autres plus nombreux sans portrait. Les "Essais philosophiques" n'ont jamais été réédités depuis. Ils constituent pourtant un élément essentiel de la connaissance de sa doctrine, révélant la dimension humaine personnelle fondatrice de sa pensée économique. ¶ "The writings... brought together in 1795 under the title Essays on Philosophical Subjects, together with Dugald Stewart's 'Account' and Smith's 1755 letter to the Edinburgh Review, were translated and published by Pierre Prévost as Essais philosophiques in 1797. Prévost added ten notes in the form of commentary directed to specific points, as well as a more general essay 'Reflexions sur les oeuvres posthumes d'Adam Smith'" Tribe 55 - Einaudi 5325 - Goldsmiths' 16932 - Kress B.3505.

      [Bookseller: L'intersigne Livres anciens]
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        Observations in Defence of a Bill lately brought into Parliament, for erecting the Corporation of Surgeons of London into a college; and for granting and confirming to such college certain rights and privileges: including a Sketch of the History of Surgery in England.

      Printed for J. Johnson. 1797 [4], 105, [1]p. 8vo. From the library of the Society of Apothecaries, with booklabel, circular stamps to titlepage, first page of main text, and final blank. Contemporary mottled calf, neatly rebacked, not recently, gilt crest of the Society on upper board; some rubbing, corners a little worn, a few pencil marks in margins.ESTC T126934, BL, Cambridge, and Wellcome Institute only in the UK; 6 other copies recorded in Europe and America. Chevalier, 1767-1824, surgeon-extraordinary to the Prince of Wales. He was attending physician to and a close friend of William Blake, perhaps introduced to the artist by Blake's wife Mary, with whose father he was well acquainted. He lived in South Audley Street, and was Deacon of Keppell Street Baptist Church where other friends of Blake, notably Linnell, worshipped. (Ref: Blake in Our Times: Essays in Honour of G.E. Bentley, Jnr

      [Bookseller: Jarndyce Rare Books]
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        Voyage autour du monde, sur le vaisseau de Sa Majeste Britannique l'Endeavour... avec les planches de l'auteur...

      Paris: De l'Imprimerie de Guillaume, 1797. Two volumes, octavo, good impressions of the six folding engraved plates after Parkinson, a few leaves a little foxed; a particularly handsome set in contemporary French mottled calf, flat spine gilt, double red and tan morocco labels. First French edition, first issue: the rarely sighted French edition of the artist's account of Cook's first voyage and the discovery of eastern Australia. Translated by C. Henri from the 1784 English edition, it also contains material from later voyagers updating the account, including the experiences of the Forsters on the second voyage. This is the octavo issue noted by Kroepelien as preceding the otherwise identical quarto of the same year.Parkinson had been employed in 1767 by Sir Joseph Banks, who thought so highly of his work that he arranged for the young man to join him on Cook's first voyage. When the expedition's draughtsman Alexander Buchan died at Tahiti, Parkinson was called on to take over all of the topographical work, completing some 1300 sketches, quite apart from compiling vocabularies in Tahiti and New Holland. At the end of the voyage, en route from Batavia to the Cape of Good Hope, he died of a fever, and after the return of the Endeavour ownership of his manuscripts and drawings was disputed: Banks considered that they were his, while Parkinson's brother Stanfield claimed them under the provisions of his brother's will. When Hawkesworth learned of the impending publication of this work, he got an injunction to delay its appearance until some time after his official account, and, despite having used Parkinson's work extensively, retaliated by deliberately omitting Parkinson's name from the narrative: even the botanical illustrations in the official account have no credit to the artist.Some of the bibliographical history of this work is quite complex. An extended note by Rolf du Rietz in the Kroepelien catalogue explains that this octavo issue, although textually identical to a quarto issue published the same year by the same publisher, is actually the genuine first issue (du Rietz demonstrates from an error in the signatures that the quarto was "re-imposed"). Du Rietz only knew the octavo from a copy in the University of Oslo, although no complete census of the two issues has ever been attempted. A note in O'Reilly-Reitman suggests - as if we needed more complexity - that the number of plates is uncertain, as they examined copies with any number between five and eight; nonetheless, six plates is the standard collation.

      [Bookseller: Hordern House]
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        Kleine Schriften politischen, okonomischen und philosophischen Inhalts (in 4 Bänden) nach der zweyten vermehrten Ausgabe aus dem Englischen übersetzt, und mit Beilagen bereichert,

      Weimar, Verlag der Industrie-Comptoirs, 1797-1805. 4 Bände in 6 Bänden KOMPLETT mit einem gestochenen Portrait des Autors, einer gestochenen Titel-Vignette und zahlreichen weiteren Vignetten im Text und insgesamt 37 überwiegend mehrfach gefalteten Kupfertafeln und zahlreichen Tabellen; Band 1: Über Armenanstalten (in München), Beköstigung der Armen, über Kamin-Feuerherde: XX, 484 Seiten und einem umfangreichen Anhang mit Beylagen, Formulare und Tabellen über das Münchner Anwesen, Band 2/1: Über Behandlung der Feuerhitze und über Holzsparung: 209 Seiten, Band 2/2: ÜberFortpflanzung der Wärme in Flüssigkeiten und in verschiedenen Substanzen: 388 Seiten, Band 3: Über Küchenfeuerherde und Küchengeräte: 436 Seiten, Band 4/1: Abhandlung über die Wärme: 347 Seiten, Band 4/2: Versuchh über Schießpulver, Licht, Harmonie der Farben usw: XVI, 590 Seiten, 8°, hellbraunes OHLdr der Zeit SEHR SCHÖNE EXEMPLARE AUS ADELIGEM BESITZ, Erste deutsche Ausgabe. - Sammlung überwiegend technologischer und physikalischer Schriften des amerikanischen Physikers, der etwa die Halfte seines Lebens im bayerischen Staats- u. Militardienst verbrachte. Er machte die Kartoffel in Bayern populär, gründete fortschrittliche Armenhauser, war Erfinder der Rumford-Suppe, eines einfachen Eintopfes, der zur Ernahrung des Militars und unterbemittelter Volksschichten dienen sollte, reorganisierte das Heer usw.; die Bände stammen aus der Bibliothek des Grafen von Schönborn-Buchheim mit dem persönlichen gestochenen Wappen-Exlibris von Franz Graf von Schönborn auf den Vorsätzen und Bibliotheksschildchen auf den Vorderdecken Versand D: 5,00 EUR Ko 34782, i

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat im Baldreit]
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        L'aveugle de la montagne, entretiens philosophiques

      Chez Vincent Poggioli. Seconde édition, après l'originale parue en 1795 chez Bodoni à Parme. Un frontispice allégorique par Rosaspina.binding en demi basane brune d'époque. spine lisse orné de filets. Pièce de titre en veau fauve. spine-end de tête fendue. Un manque au mors inférieur en tête. Menace de fentes au mors inférieur. Coins repliés. Rares rousseurs sur un papier bien frais. Bon exemplaire. Chez Vincent Poggioli ARome 1797 In-4 (19,5x26cm) (4) XIV (2) 77pp. (3) 101pp. (3) 80pp. relié

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        La Geometria del Compasso.

      Pavia: Heirs of Pietro Galeazzi, 1797. First edition of Mascheroni's most important book, in which he proves that any geometrical construction that can be performed using ruler and compasses can be carried out by means of compasses alone. The history of the problem goes back at least as far as Euclid, the restriction to ruler and compass occurring in Book I of the Elements. The problem of carrying out constructions under additional restrictions was considered by da Vinci, Dürer, Cardano and Tartaglia, among others. "In the preface Mascheroni recounts the genesis of his work. He was moved initially by a desire to make a contribution to elementary geometry. It occurred to him that ruler and compass could perhaps be separated, as water can into two gases; but he was assailed by doubts and fears often attendant upon research. He then chanced to reread an article on the way Graham and Bird [who supplied instruments to Maupertuis] had divided their great astronomical quadrant, and he realised that the division had been made by compass alone, although, to be sure, by trial and error. This encouraged him and he continued his work with two purposes in mind: to give a theoretical solution to the problem of constructions with compasses alone and to offer practical constructions that might be of help in making precision instruments. The second concern is shown in the brief solutions of many specific problems and in a chapter on approximate solutions. "The theoretical solution (see especially §191) depends on the solution of the following problems: (1) to bisect a given circular arc of given center; (2) to add and subtract given segments; (3) to find the fourth proportional to three given segments; (4) to find the intersection of two given lines; (5) to find the intersection of a given line and a given circle" (DSB). There is some debate as to whether Mascheroni's result was anticipated by the Danish mathematician George Mohr in his Euclides Danicus (1672), although Mascheroni explicitly denied that anyone had previously treated the matter. "When the works of Mascheroni and Mohr are compared, it is apparent that the main ideas of their solutions of individual problems are in most cases quite different. In particular, this can be said for the bisection of a given segment. Moreover, the problem of bisection plays no role in Mascheroni's general solution, whereas it is central in Mohr's constructions. Still more significantly, the general problem is not formulated in Mohr's book. Thus, any suggestion of Mascheroni's direct reliance on Mohr would be quite inappropriate... Mohr's book is quite remarkable and contains the basis for a simple proof of Mascheroni's result, but there is no evidence within the book itself that Mohr formulated the problem of constructions with compass alone in complete generality" (ibid.). Bound after the title is the dedication in verse to Napoleon. The connection with Napoleon is of special interest as 1797 was the year Bonaparte was elected a member of the Académie des Sciences. His interest was attracted by Mascheroni's work and, to amuse himself, he selected geometrical problems from it and presented them to his confr res at the Académie to solve. They were, however, unable to do so. The most difficult of these problems was to determine the centre of a drawn circle, by means of just a compass, which is still known as the Problème de Napoleon. "Mascheroni (1750-1800) was the son of Paolo Mascheroni dell'Olmo, a prosperous landowner, and Maria Ciribelli. He was ordained a priest at seventeen and at twenty was teaching rhetoric and then, from 1778, physics and mathematics at the seminary of Bergamo. His Nuove ricerche su l'equilibrio delle volte (1785) led to his appointment as professor of algebra and geometry at the University of Pavia in 1786. In 1789 and 1793 he was rector of the university and, from 1788 to 1791, was head of the Accademia degli Affidati. Mascheroni was a member of the Academy of Padua, of the Royal Academy of Mantua, and of the Società Italiana delle Scienze. In his Adnotationes ad calculum integrale Euleri (1790) he calculated Euler's constant, sometimes called the Euler-Mascheroni constant, to thirty-two decimal places; the figure was corrected from the twentieth decimal place by Johann von Soldner in 1809. "In 1797 Mascheroni was appointed deputy to the legislative body in Milan. Sent to Paris by a commission to study the new system of money and of weights and measures, he published his findings in 1798 but was prevented from returning home by the Austrian occupation of Milan in 1799. Also a poet, Mascheroni dedicated his Geometria del compass (1797) to Napoleon in verse; his celebrated Invito a Lesbia Cidonia (1793) glorifies the athenaeum of Pavia. He died after a brief illness, apparently from the complications of a cold. The poet Monti mourned his death in the Mascheroniana" (ibid.). 8vo (226 x 135 mm), pp. [iv], iii-xviii, 264 with 14 folding engraved plates, woodcut device on title and several woodcut head- and tail-pieces. Original plain wrappers, uncut, manuscript title at head of spine, paper label at foot. A very fine copy.

      [Bookseller: SOPHIA RARE BOOKS]
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        Tvänne Resor från Ostindien till Americas nordvästra kust, åren 1786, 1788 och 1789...

      Stockholm: J.S. Ekmanson, 1797. Octavo; modern calf binding. Scarce: the first Swedish edition, translated by Samuel Ödmann, of 'one of the early and fundamental books on the Northwest coast of America in general and on Alaska in particular' (Lada-Mocarski). Meares made two fur-trading voyages, the first reaching Alaska and Kodiak, but was frustrated by the presence of the Russians. On the Northwest coast he met Portlock and Dixon, later sailing to Hawaii and continuing to Canton.His second voyage to the American coast was to alter the course of history, with his actions leading to the "Nootka Controversy" and nearly precipitating a war between England and Spain. The appendices contain letters and instructions, Duffin's journal while exploring the Straits of Juan de Fuca, and Meares's Memorial of 13 May 1790, claiming exclusive rights to Nootka and the prior raising of the British flag. Very good copy.

      [Bookseller: Hordern House]
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         Etudes de la Nature nelle édition avec figures.

      à Bâle, chez Tourneizen, 1797, 5 vol. gd. in 8°, ill. d'un frontispice et de 10 planches gravées en taille-douce h.t. dont une mappemonde se dépl., pl. veau raciné époque, dos lisse orné, grecque dorée sur les plats, p. de t. rouges et vertes, deux mors sup. fendus et qq. ff. brunis sinon bel exemplaire sur papier vélin fort. Bonne édition illustrée, la meilleure et la plus complète. Elle contient: les Etudes de la Nature, Paul et Virginie (rajouté en 1788), L'Arcadie, Voeux d'un solitaire, et La chaumière indienne. L'ouvrage fit la réputation de Bernardin de St-Pierre, il est resté célèbre par ses vues anthropocentriques et ses interprétations finalistes de la Nature particulièrement dans la partie consacrée aux Harmonies. ¶ Dict. des oeuvres II/p.791: "... peintre admirable et maître du langage ... il veut inventer un langage pittoresque des couleurs, des sons, des saveurs, et il y réussit ... il introduit des mots exotiques, il en invente au besoin. C'est là la grande nouveauté de ces descriptions ... qui sont des évocations exactes et vivantes des sensations ... Son oeuvre continua d'exercer une influence considérable dans le domaine de l'expression qu'il a libérée des poncifs." Edition inconnue de Quérard Fr. litt. et de Brunet qui mentionnent tous deux l'édition de 1804, qui n'est pourtant qu'une réédition de celle-ci.

      [Bookseller: L'intersigne Livres anciens]
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        The Natural History of the Rarer Lepidopterous Insects of Georgia...

      T. Bensley for J. Edwards, Cadell and Davies, and J. White, 1797. THE EARLIEST BOOK EVER PUBLISHED ON AMERICAN BUTTERFLIES AND MOTHS; COMPLETE WITH 104 STUNNING HAND-COLORED FOLIO ENGRAVINGS. A BEAUTIFUL COPY IN RIVIERE & SON BINDING. "John Abbot, naturalist and artist, born at Bennet Street, St James, London, on 1 June 1751, was the second of the five children of John Abbot (d. 1787), a prosperous attorney, and his wife, Ann Clousinger. As a youth, Abbot developed a passion for entomology and for drawing, an enthusiasm that was supported by his father, who retained Jacob Bonneau, an accomplished draughtsman, as an art instructor for his son. The elder Abbot also bought illustrated works of natural history, including George Edwards's four-volume classic, A Natural History of Uncommon Birds (1743-51), which exerted a major stylistic influence on his son. The Abbots received as a gift a copy of Mark Catesby's Natural History of Carolina, Florida, and the Bahama Islands (1731-43), a work that probably contributed to Abbot's later decision to move to America. As a teenager, Abbot achieved a remarkable mastery of artistic technique, and by 1770 was invited to exhibit his watercolour drawings of British insects at the Society of Artists of Great Britain, of which he was an honorary member. Apprenticed to his father as a law clerk in 1769, Abbot found that legal matters were 'little to my liking when my thoughts was ingrossed by Natural history'; and in the same year he firmly resolved to pursue natural history as a career, after being awestruck by the vast entomological collections of Dru Drury. Under Drury's influence, Abbot decided to travel to North America; and in 1773, having received sponsorship from the Royal Society and from Drury and Thomas Martyn (fl. 1760-1816), Abbot sailed to Virginia, where he began shipping specimens to his British patrons. In December 1775 he moved to the lower Savannah River area of Georgia, where he lived for the rest of his life, residing at various times in Savannah and in Bulloch, Burke, and Screven counties."Abbot apparently supported himself almost entirely by providing specimens and watercolour drawings of insects, spiders, and birds to buyers in America and to his correspondents in Britain and Europe... During much of his lifetime, Abbot was the most prolific and talented illustrator of birds and insects in America; and Swainson noted that Abbot's insect specimens were 'certainly the finest that have ever been transmitted as articles of commerce to this country' (Simpson, North Carolina Historical Review)."Because Abbot never published any works under his own name, the extent of his contributions to ornithology and entomology remained largely unrecognized until the latter half of the twentieth century. Although he may have viewed his work as mostly commercial, his data and illustrations were of considerable significance to a number of major scientific publications. He remains best-known for providing data and the 104 illustrations to the earliest extensive monograph devoted entirely to North American entomology, Sir James Edward Smith's Natural History of the Rarer Lepidopterous Insects of Georgia (1797)" (Dictionary of National Biography). Sabin 25.Bound by Riviere & Son, with binder's stamp on front free endpaper of each volume. Text in English and French. Later issue, as usual, with most plates with 1822 watermark on J. Whatman Turkey Mills wove paper.[Full title]: The Natural History of the rarer Lepidopterous Insects of Georgia. Including their systematic characters, the particulars of their several metamorphoses, and the plants on which they feed. Collected from the observations of Mr John Abbot, many years resident in that country, by James Edward Smith.London: printed by T. Bensley for J. Edwards, Cadell and Davies, and J. White, 1797 [but 1822]. Folio (12x15.5 in./ 303 x 394mm) c.1900 three-quarter morocco by Riviere & Son, marbled boards, marbled endpapers, all edges gilt. Mild scuffing to bindings; vol I binding with a gouge in the leather (approx. 1/2 inch by 1 inch) on the board; toning to blank endpaper from laid-in related newspaper clipping; offsetting to blanks following plates (as usual); some foxing to text leaves, plates exceptionally clean. An outstanding set. Very Good....

      [Bookseller: The Manhattan Rare Book Company]
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        Voyage de La Pérouse autour du Monde... rédigé par M.L.A. Milet-Mureau.

      Paris: Imprimerie de la Republique, 1797. Four volumes, quarto, and folio atlas, with a portrait, 69 maps and plates (21 folding) in the atlas; the text in fine condition on bluish-tinted paper, completely uncut in modern French period-style blue mottled boards with double labels; the atlas in old French quarter calf over original dark green mottled boards. First edition of one of the finest narratives of maritime exploration ever published. This is an unusually clean and attractive set of this great book, with particularly generous margins. In January 1788, two and a half years after their departure from France, La Pérouse's ships sailed into Botany Bay just hours after the settlers under Governor Phillip began the move from Botany Bay to Port Jackson. After their subsequent departure from the Australian east coast they "vanished trackless into blue immensity" (Carlyle); no further trace would be found of the expedition for three decades. La Pérouse's habit of forwarding records whenever he had an opportunity to do so ensured their survival. The first portion of the expedition's records had been forwarded by sea from Macao; the second (Macao to Kamchatka) went overland with de Lesseps, and the final reports went back with British despatches from Botany Bay, the British extending what was then a normal courtesy between the exploring nations. It was from these records that Milet-Mureau, the editor, established the official narrative of the expedition for its publication in this form.It has been remarked that the friendship between the two nations grew in proportion to their distance from home. Certainly the English attitude to La Pérouse seemed natural to Watkin Tench: "during their stay in the port the officers of the two nations had frequent opportunities of testifying their mutual regard by visits and other interchanges of friendship and esteem;" and La Pérouse endeared himself particularly "by the feeling manner in which he always mentioned the name and talents of Captain Cook."As Glyn Williams has characterised it, the French voyage was 'A deliberate réplique française or counter-stroke to Cook's voyages... a follow-up to Cook's third voyage, [with] its instructions a running commentary on what Cook had discovered and left undiscovered... '.Philip Gidley King noted in his journal that the French explorer "informed me that every place where he has touched or been near, he found all the astronomical and nautical works of Captain Cook to be very exact and true, and concluded by saying, 'Enfin, Monsieur Cook a tant fait qu'il ne m'a rien laissé à faire que d'admirer ses oeuvres' ["Captain Cook has done so much that he has left me with nothing to do but admire his achievements'].A voyage despatched in the fullest spirit of the Enlightenment, under the direct orders of the monarch himself, it was intended to complete discoveries and satisfy many different curiosities. La Pérouse was specifically instructed to study climates, native peoples, plants and animals, to collect specimens and artefacts and to observe the activities of other European powers. The official instructions included the requirement that he should 'act with great gentleness and humanity towards the different people whom he will visit'.The timing was remarkable: coincident at its close with the Australian First Fleet, La Pérouse left France in 1785 and never knew of the French Revolution; and while Marie Antoinette chose Cook's voyages to read the night before her death, Louis XVI is said to have repeated on his way to the scaffold the question that he had been asking for months: ''Is there any news of M. de La Pérouse? 'The narrative published here and in subsequent editions and translations covers the progress of the voyage from the departure of the two vessels from Brest in 1785. On their way to the northwest coast of America they stopped in Chile, Easter Island and Hawaii, where they were the first Europeans to land on Maui. During 1786 La Pérouse followed the American coast from their landfall near Mount St Elias in Alaska to southern California, exploring and mapping the coast and making particularly significant visits to Lituya Bay where they transacted with the Tlingit tribe (as dramatised two centuries later by Carl Sagan in Cosmos), the outer islands of British Columbia, San Francisco and Monterey. The first non-Spanish visitor to California since Francis Drake, the French explorer took close note of Spanish activity in the pueblos and missions.The expedition sailed on, visiting Macau, Manila, Korea, the Pacific coast of Russia, Japan, and Samoa and exploring the central Pacific, but their main instructions were to make for Australian waters to check on English activity in the region. On 24 January 1788 they reached Botany Bay.The folio Atlas contains the wonderful series of views chiefly after the original drawings by the chief official artist, Gaspard Duché de Vancy, that had been sent back to France with the various despatches; many of these were recently exhibited at the Musée de la Marine in Paris. Strikingly interpreted as engravings and printed here in rich dark impressions they were, as Christina Ionescu (Book Illustration in the Long Eighteenth Century) has noted, like the engravings in the huge Napoleonic Déscription de l'Egypte, continuing a tradition of "large and extravagant productions" at a time when more commercial publishers were generally downsizing the illustrative content of publications.The Atlas also includes magnificent maps of Russian Asia, Japan, California and the Pacific Northwest Coast with important new data for the then imperfectly known Asiatic side of the Pacific. The world map lightly browned and a few others in the atlas slightly tanned; a few spots but generally in very good condition.

      [Bookseller: Hordern House]
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        Ansicht, i. Hgr. ein kleiner Ort, "Der Aar - Fall im Canton Bern".

      - Aquatinta v. Ostermeyer n. F.C. Reinermann b. Chalcographische Gesellschaft in Dessau, 1797, 42,2 x 32 (H) Aus der seltenen Folge: "Mahlerische Wanderungen in den Gegenden des Kanton Basel".

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Nikolaus Struck]
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      1797. Acquaforte Buon es. Riedizione in scala ridotta della grande pianta dell'Ughi (1727). Si tratta del III stato su V, pubblicato dal Furlanetto.\r\n

      [Bookseller: Libreria Minerva]
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        Het leven van Catharina II, keizerin van Rusland. Amsterdam, Johannes Allart, 1798. 8vo. 3 volumes. With 6 engraved portraits by Reinier Vinkeles. Contemporary marbled boards.

      - V. Gestel - Van het Schip, Maps in books of Russia and Poland 42; Muller, Bibl. Neerlando-Russe 72; STCN (4 copies). First Dutch translation of this life of Catharine the Great, first published in French in 1797 as La vie de Cathérine II. The work includes some remarks on Billings's expedition in the North Pacific, Diderot's stay at the Russian court, Catharine's purchase of the libraries of Voltaire and D'Alembert, etc. The portraits depict Catharine the Great, Peter the Great, Potemkin, Orloff, Poniatowsky (King of Poland) and Petrowitz. Some leaves loosening; without free endpapers. Very good set.

      [Bookseller: ASHER Rare Books]
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        De la Révolution Françoise. 2 vol.

      Chez Maret, Libraire,, Paris 1797 - Les quatre parties en 2 vol. chacune a sa pagination séparée. Tom 1 : VIII- 235 et 226 ; Tom 2 : IV- 235 p. et 231 p. - 20,5 cm. - Reliure pleine basane marron marbrée, pièces de titre de cuir rouge doré, pièces de tomaison. Reliure ancienne. - Traces, galerie de vers aux plats. - Necker, Jacques (1732-1804) Homme politique et financier. - Résident de Genève à la Cour de France 1768-1776 puis directeur général des Finances 1777-1781 et 1788-1790. Size: In-8° [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Lettres Slaves - Librairie]
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        13 letters signed. Vienna, 1797 to 1801.

      1797. 4to. Altogether 12 pp. on 26 ff. A collection of letters to a privy councillor named Schotten.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Inlibris]
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        Madonna mit Kind, sitzende Mutter Gottes mit dem Kind auf dem linken Knie stehend.

      - Feder in Schwarz, Bleistift, reiche Deckweißhöhung, auf braunem festem Velin, verso bezeichnet „gezeichnet v Strixner". 17,7:12,4 cm. Der Lithograph und Kupferstecher Strixner erhielt zunächst Unterricht in Wasserburg. Nach seinem Umzug nach München 1797 studierte er an der „Feyertagsschule" für Handwerker und Künstler unter dem Direktor H.J. Mitterer (1764-1829) weiter. 1799 erlernte er das Kupferstechen. 1803 erhielt er eine Anstellung in der kurfürstlichen Sammlung München. Um 1806 wurde er neben F. Piloty (1768-1844) von J. C. von Mannlich (1741-1822) ausgebildet. 1820 und 1828 lebte er in Stuttgart, wo er die wichtigsten Stücke der zwischen 1820 und 1833 veröffentlichte Reihe über die „Sammlung der Alt-Niederländer- und Ober-Deutschen Gemälde der Brüder Sulpiz und Melchior Boisserée und Johann Bertram" wiedergab. 1828 kehrte er nach München zurück. Er lithographierte u.a. für die Folge der „Oeuvres Lithographique", Wiedergaben der Handzeichnungen der königlichen Sammlung München, herausgegeben zwischen 1810 und 1816, „Albrecht Dürers Randzeichnungen aus dem Gebetbuche des Kaisers Maximilim I.", ab 1845 herausgegeben, und das „Zeichenbuch für Zöglinge der Kunst und Liebhaber", 1804 erschienen.

      [Bookseller: Galerie Joseph Fach GmbH]
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        Installation des vaisseaux

      - Paris, Imprimerie de la République, an VI [1797] In 4° grande, legatura d'attesa in cartoncino celeste (mancanza al dorso restaurata), pp. XII, 404, 9 bellissime incisioni in rame fuori testo più volte ripiegate, esemplare in barbe. Il primo dei trattati moderni di allestimento navale che fu scritto dall'Ammiraglio Missiessy, direttore della École des Constructions navales, per incarico del Ministère de la Marine et des Colonies. Missiessy riuscì a nascondere le sue nobili origini e fece una brillante carriera nella Marina del governo rivoluzionario e poi del Direttorio. La sua opera è illustrata da nove grandi tavole provenienti dalla scuola grafica dell'Encyclopedie e la più grande (mm 670x520) di carattere paarticolarmente decorativo è spesso mancante. smrr [Attributes: Soft Cover]

      [Bookseller: Libreria Bozzi]
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        Encyclopædia Britannica. Third Edition. 18 volume set. [Encyclopaedia; Encyclopedia]

      Edinburgh: A Bell & C MacFarquhar. G : in Good condition. Some edge-rubbing to covers. Professionally repaired hinges with slight cracking on one volume. Content and plates in exceptionally good condition. 1797. Third edition. Brown hardback leather cover with maroon and black title panels. 270mm x 220mm (11" x 9"). 17000pp. 542 copper plates. Noted for the fine quality of the full-page engravings and maps. N.B.: Heavy set - shipping supplement applies - please ask for shipping quote stating country of destination. .

      [Bookseller: Barter Books Ltd]
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        Les Amours de Psyché et de Cupidon avec le Poème d'Adonis

      À Paris, Chez Saugrain et Didot, rue S. Lazare, nº 80 1797 - 2 vol. In-12 (15 X 10,5 cm), 221+284 pp. Reliure d'époque maroquin rouge, dos lisse orné, pièces de titre et tomaison maroquin vert, triple filet or encadrant les plats et double encadrement au centre, filet surles coupes, tranches dorées, gardes papier bleu. Jolie édition, illustrée d'un portrait de La Fontaine d'après Rigaud en frontispice et huit fines gravures sur cuivre hors texte par Moreau le Jeune (Cohen VIe édition, 584-585). Édition imprimée sur papier fort (rousseurs sur les premiers feuillets du tome I) [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: H. PICARD ET FILS, founded 1860]
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        The Complaint and the Consolation; or, Night Thoughts.

      Large 4to. London: R. Noble, 1797. Large 4to, pp. 95/96, with a full-page engraving by Blake surrounding the letterpress text. A loose sheet, fore-edges untrimmed (some still with deckle), minimal trimming to top and bottom edges. Only five leaves in the book have engravings recto and verso. First edition, perfect for display or for teaching as the leaves are quite sturdy and can be carefully handled or matted for framing. Blake, virtually in a frenzy, completed 537 watercolor designs when he was commissioned to illustrate Young’s masterpiece. The publisher only issued the first four ‘Nights’ and had Blake engrave (and partially etch) 43 plates to test the market. The response must have been poor since no further engravings were requested of Blake. Ironically, today the poet Young, once compared with Shakespeare and Milton, is forgotten save for this edition. Bentley, Blake Books, 515. Essick and LaBelle, Night Thoughts, Dover, 1975. Ray, The Illustrator and the Book in England, 1790-1914, 3.

      [Bookseller: John Windle Antiquarian Bookseller ]
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        Species Plantarum, exhibentes plantas rite cognitas, ad genera relatas, cum differentiis specificis, nominibus trivialibus, synonymis selectis, locis natalibus, secundum systema sexuale digestas.

      - Editio quarta, post Reichardianam Quinta adjectis vegetabilibus hucusque cognitis curante Carolo Ludovico Willdenow. Tomus I:1-2, II:1-2, III:1-3, IV:1. Berolini. Impensis G. C. Nauk 1797-1805. 8:o. XXXI,(blank),495; (3),500-1568; (4),823; (3),836-1340; (4),847; (3);852-1474; (3),1478-2409; 629 pp. Contemporary half vellum. Colored edges. Volume I:1, II:1 and II:2 with some loss of paper on boards, on the vellum along spines. Small piece missing on title label on volume II:1. Some foxing, more at the beginning and end of each volume. 21 x 13 cm. 8 volumes. *Lacking IV:2, V:1 and VI:1-2. Last volume was issued in 1833.[#\132791] [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Antiquaria Bok & Bildantikvariat AB]
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        Encyclopædia Britannica. Third Edition. 18 volume set. [Encyclopaedia; Encyclopedia]

      Edinburgh: A Bell & C MacFarquhar. G : in Good condition. Some edge-rubbing to covers. Professionally repaired hinges with slight cracking on one volume. Content and plates in exceptionally good condition. 1797. Third edition. Brown hardback leather cover with maroon and black title panels. 270mm x 220mm (11" x 9"). 17000pp. 542 copper plates. Noted for the fine quality of the full-page engravings and maps. N.B.: Heavy set - shipping supplement applies - please ask for shipping quote stating country of destination. .

      [Bookseller: Barter Books Ltd]
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        L'Art Des Armes,

      chez Bélin, & Cerioux, Paris - Ou l'on donne l'application de la théorie à la pratique de cet Art, avec les principes méthodiques adoptés dans nos Ecoles d'Armes; Ouvrage aussi utile que nécessaire à la Jeunesse, aux Militaires, et aux personnes dont l'état les oblige de porter l'épée, aussi celles qui veulent faire profession des Armes. Enrichi de 47 Figures, gravées en taille-douce. Engraved frontispiece in both volumes and 45 folding plates by Taraval after Vaxcillere. Two volumes. 8vo. [202 x 122 x 57 mm]. xxxviii, 247, [3] pp; [1]f, x, [iv], 215 pp. Bound in contemporary marbled calf, the spines divided into six panels with gilt compartments, lettered in the second and numbered in the fourth on red labels, the others tooled to alternating patterns, plain endleaves, yellow edges. (Headcaps and corners repaired). Paris: chez Bélin, & Cerioux, [1797-1798] Pardoel 375. Thimm p.75. With the half-titles. Plate 14 is bound before 13 and 40 before 39. Short tear at the inner margin of plate 37. Some light browning and spotting but a good copy in attractive contemporary bindings with a printed prize label in vol.1 of the "Ecole Polymathique, Rue De Clichy, No.43, a Paris, dirigée par P. R. F. Butet (De La Sarthe)" dated "L'An XIII" (i.e. 1804-05). The first volume was first published in 1766 and the second in 1767. They were republished together in 1788, making this the third edition. It is one of the more important 18th century manuals and a key work in the development of modern fencing. Danet managed to upset a significant section of the French fencing establishment, but his methods were eventually adopted and he was appointed director of the Ecole Royale d'Armes.

      [Bookseller: George Bayntun ABA ILAB PBFA]
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        Nachrichten von den Begebenheiten und Schriften berühmter Gelehrten?Erster Band [all published]

      - Engraved vignette on title. xvi, 416 pp. 8vo, orig. grey boards, red leather lettering piece on spine. Nuremberg: Raspe, 1797. First edition of an extremely rare book; WorldCat locates no copy in the U.S. The present work contains a series of biographical accounts of twenty-one authors including Jacques Barrellier, Linnaeus, Nathanael Gottfried Leske, Fredrik Hasselquist, Simon Pelloutier, and other notable natural historians, scientists, and scholars. Schrank has also provided detailed bibliographies of the writings of each author. Fine copy from the Wittelsbach library of the dukes and kings of Bavaria. With a one-page A.L.s dated 2 May 1797 from Schrank presenting this copy to the Duke of Bavaria. ? Poggendorff, II, 841. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Jonathan A. Hill, Bookseller Inc.]
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        The Book of Common Prayer, and Administration of the Sacraments, and Other Rites and Ceremonies of the Church ...

      Oxford: Printed at the Clarendon Press, by W. Dawson, T. Bensley, and J. Cooke, 1797. [xxxii, 360] pp. 8vo. Bound in contemporary red straight-grained morocco, gilt spine, a.e.g. Covers rubbed and soiled, pages finger-soiled. [xxxii, 360] pp. 8vo. [Bound with:] A New Version of the Psalms of David ... London: Company of Stationers, 1798. 228 pp. Griffiths 1797:3

      [Bookseller: James Cummins Bookseller ]
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        Species Plantarum, exhibentes plantas rite cognitas, ad genera relatas, cum differentiis specificis, nominibus trivialibus, synonymis selectis, locis natalibus, secundum systema sexuale digestas.

      Editio quarta, post Reichardianam Quinta adjectis vegetabilibus hucusque cognitis curante Carolo Ludovico Willdenow. Tomus I:1-2, II:1-2, III:1-3, IV:1. Berolini. Impensis G. C. Nauk 1797-1805. 8:o. XXXI,(blank),495; (3),500-1568; (4),823; (3),836-1340; (4),847; (3);852-1474; (3),1478-2409; 629 pp. Contemporary half vellum. Colored edges. Volume I:1, II:1 and II:2 with some loss of paper on boards, on the vellum along spines. Small piece missing on title label on volume II:1. Some foxing, more at the beginning and end of each volume. 21 x 13 cm. 8 volumes. Lacking IV:2, V:1 and VI:1-2. Last volume was issued in 1833.

      [Bookseller: Antiquaria]
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        Analytische Mechanik. Aus dem Französischen mit einigen Anmerkungen und erläuternden Zusätzen von F.W.A. Murhard.

      Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht, Göttingen 1797 - 8°, 573 Seiten, Erste deutsche Ausgabe, Vorderdeckel mit Wasserfleck, Gelenke gebrochen, Rücken mit Fehltstelle; Partly foxed; waterstained. Contemporary calf, joints cracked, waterstained, spine with flaw. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Winfried Scheffler]
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      1797. Milano Dalla stamp. italiana e francese a s. Zeno, n.° 534, anno VI repubblicano (1797) 12° Pagine 2 carte bianche + occhietto + 288 + 2 carte bianche. Legatura coeva in piena pelle bazzana. Titolo e ricchi fregi in oro al dorso. Tagli rossi. Ottima e fresca. copi. Molto raro. Cfr: Firpo, Le edizioni italiane del "Dei delitti e delle pene" pagina 691-621, n. 30

      [Bookseller: Libreria antiquaria Segni nel Tempo]
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        Manuscript Proposal - Trade Mission to Tibet and China During Opium Era

      England, 1797. "Suggestions Respecting the Means of Improving our Connexion with China on the Side of Napaul & Thibet" [Great Britain], 1797. Manuscript memorandum revealing a trade relations strategy for Great Britain to increase access in China, written by an unidentified British colonial administrator or politician who was abreast with the political climate and the leaders in China, Nepal and Tibet. Folio. 16 pages in manuscript, written recto and verso with wide half-page margins, on five double leafs laid watermarked paper made by Whig politician and leading papermaker Clement Taylor in 1796, measuring approximately 20 x 31 cm, and string-tied to upper left margin with a green ribbon. Docketed to verso. Very slight occasional age-toning, otherwise in very good condition, clean and bright, a stellar primary source document. Provenance: From the Melville Papers. Written shortly after the return of Lord Macartney's Embassy to China, most likely by an influential administrator of the East India Company which had a monopoly on East Indies trade including Canton in China, the present memorandum is a proposal for a mission with the same objective of securing increased trade with China - this time by means of a somewhat obliquitous political connection through Nepal and Tibet. The East India Company was both ambitious and persistent with its aim of expanding commerce with the Far East, sparing no expense in sending great missions such as Lord Macartney's, and also chancing more intimate, lesser known missions aimed at reconnaissance or relationship building. This manuscript sets forth a new plan for British diplomacy in order to gain trade with China, "for us an open Trade of incalculable advantage." Indeed four years later, a small but successful mission, all but forgotten today, achieved the objectives laid out, by completing the first treaty with Nepal. Owing to the limited trading opportunities with most trade being confined to Canton, and also to the exorbitant fees paid to the customs officer via Hong merchants, on behalf of the British Government, in the 1790s, the East India Company sought to penetrate the western China market by way of Tibet. In order to achieve this, they required permission to cross Nepal, since all of the navigable trans-Himalayan passages lending access to trade with both Tibet and China, were within Nepalese territories. To this end, and to exploit additional trade opportunities, they began efforts to establish political relations with the Nepalese government. As evidenced by this primary source manuscript, British trade relations with China came to have an undertone of political complexity intertwined with the Tibetan-Nepalese Crisis, now known as the Sino-Nepalese War 1788-1792. In September 1792, a delegation under Colonel William Kirkpatrick was sent to Kathmandu, as a representative of Lord Cornwallis and the East India Company, to mediate peace between China and Nepal. However, upon his arrival, the parties had already concluded a treaty. The first vis-à-vis diplomatic meeting between China and Britain was that of Lord Macartney's in 1793. The embassy was intended to formalise and expand a trading relationship that, since the establishment of British trade at Canton around 1700, had become increasingly lucrative. Planned by the East India Company and the Pitt Government, and led by one of Britain?s most experienced diplomats, George Macartney (1737-1806), the embassy was equipped with all the pomps of a stately spectacle, designed to "impress the minds of the Chinese with a favourable impression of the Embassy, this Country and its commerce." Macartney carried £15,000 of presents from the East India Company, to be presented to the Emperor of China. In part because Macartney would not show submission by partaking in the kowtow custom, this mission was unsuccessful in obtaining a trade agreement. Although the request for a resident trade minister in Pekin was denied, as was the request for the lifting of some of the restrictions to English traders, the Emperor sent a letter promising friendship between the two nations. In 1795, another delegation under Maulvi Abdul Qader was sent by the East India Company to establish diplomatic and commercial relations with Nepal, in its continued efforts to reach Tibet, ultimately its greater ambition being China. Dating to 1797, this manuscript discloses the early stages of planning for the expedition of Captain William O. Knox, who would become the first to negotiate a treaty with the Nepalese Government on behalf of the East India Company, and the first to be granted Residency in Kathmandu. [Previously a member of the Kirkpatrick mission, Knox would be sent to Tibet in 1801. He would succeed to sign a treaty with Nepal, however within two years, political turbulence in the city forced him to leave in 1803. During his time in Kathmandu, Charles Crawford who was in charge of Knox's military escort, made some important geographical surveys of the surrounding valley, adding to the success of the mission.] These pages discusse Britain's favourable relations with the "Rajah of Napaul" [Rana Bahadur Shah, King of Nepal from 1777 to 1806], the British East India Company having negotiated a commercial treaty with Nepal in 1792, and how that might influence the Chinese Emperor for fear of British support in a Nepalese or Tibetan retaliation of Qing rule since the late wars. Important events and outcomes of the Sino-Nepalese War are discussed as the writer strategizes a new approach to China, concluding that the British government has valid reasons for sending an envoy. The mission would be charged with the delicate task of mending tentative relations with Nepal, and also the Chinese province of Tibet, for Britain's "non-interference" in the Sino-Nepalese War, of appeasing both sides, in hopes of renewing old commercial treaties. [The Sino-Nepalese War was an invasion of Tibet by Nepal from 1788-1792. The war was initially fought between Nepalese and Tibetan armies over a trade dispute related to a long-standing problem of low-quality coins manufactured by Nepal for Tibet. However, the initial Nepalese success in subduing the Tibetans, who were under the administrative rule of the Qing dynasty, led to the involvement of Qing imperial forces. The Nepalese were eventually driven out and forced to sign a peace treaty.] The writer anticipates a welcome invitation from the King of Nepal, providing opportunity for a British resident team which would gather information on the customs and trade of Nepal and Tibet. At the same time, he proposes, that instead of a public embassy, one could potentially obtain intelligence by secretly meeting with the Chinese Emperor himself, without the presence of his Courtiers, further lending easier negotiations. Secondary means of communication, by means of written correspondence to the Pekin Court, are also suggested. A far greater challenge, the mission's first task would be to change the existing mindset of the Chinese monarchy toward the English, to shift the perception of the latter from "beggarly merchants" to "dangerous enemy or powerful ally." In keeping with the mandate of George III and the government of Prime Minister William Pitt in 1792, the writer supports and emphasizes the importance of showcasing Great Britain's power in neighbouring countries, to incite intimidation, or at the very least, respect from the Chinese Emperor. Referencing George Staunton's firsthand account from the Macartney Embassy, he also notes customs pertaining to the Chinese Emperor and his image of holding ultimate rule over the universe. The above described proposal, made in 1797, would culminate into the 1801 expedition of Captain William O. Knox to Kathmandu, and the first treaty with the Nepalese Government. A short-lived opportunity, the Nepalese Darbar (Court) viewed Knox's residency and the signed treaty as having been imposed upon them, and furthermore, that the British acted more as masters than friends. Animosity grew exponentially and Knox withdrew from his post in 1803. Excerpts from the manuscript: "It appears probable that the impression made in China by the late Embassy in favour if this country [McCartney's Embassy to China] might be improved... by deputing a mission to the States in alliance with the East India Company, whose territories border the nearest on the Chinese Empire. - These are Napaul & Thibet" "... Both the Napaul Rajah and the Lamas of Thibet have sought friendship of the Bengal Government... for assistance during the late War which they waged against each other... The Bengal Government observed a prudent neutrality... The Chinese, however, sent an Army to support the great Lama and punish the Rajah of Napaul... The contest ended with a treaty... the Chinese keeping possession of Lassa, a part of the Dominion of the Lama whom they came to defend." "... the English Government has a very feasible pretext for sending a deputation into that quarter, in order to justify its non interference... to renew and extend commercial treaties... to remove, on the spot, the unjust suspicions entertained by the Chinese of the English having carried arms against them..." "It would be important to acquire more exact information... of the population, manners, manufacture and trade of Napaul & Thibet... to enjoy better opportunities of cultivating an intimate acquaintance with the Chinese. A Chinese Governor now commands at Lassa..." "The invitation by the Emperor of China of another Embassy from England would probably incline the Governor of Lassa to give welcome reception to the Mission at his place of residence, from whence the Post travels in three weeks to Pekin, so that a regular & frequent correspondence could be maintained with the court should he refuse this, which is extremely improbable.... The Emperor constantly entertains at a great expense, and with much parade, two inferior Lamas at Pekin, as nuncios from the Dilai Lama the spiritual father of his faith..." "... it is usual for Chinese Chiefs or Ministers to reside with whom there would be little difficulty of holding a direct communication and entering into Treaty." "... by Sir George Stauntons account of the late Embassy [Sir George Staunton, 1st Baronet], it was much easier to negotiate with the Chief Mandarines & Viceroys of China, when at a distance from the Court..." "The Chinese... have uniformly refuted, from a jealousy of the Imperial dignity, to comply with the demands or proposals of any public Embassy, least such compliance should appear in the light of humiliating concessions to the eyes of their own subjects, or should indicate to the latter the existence of some other Power equal to China. For the Chinese are taught to believe that the Emperor is Sovereign of the Universe..." "This policy of the Empire to bind its own subjects in awe, rather than to impose on Foreigners, would not, however be encroached upon by such a mission as is now proposed. It could carry on a secret intelligence with the Emperor himself... who... keeps a personal and punctual correspondence with his distant Ministers, expressive of more good will to the English than they experienced from the Officers of His Court." "A more familiar intercourse... with Chinese Chiefs residing in Thibet or on the Frontiers, than could take place in China itself, might likewise be prolonged... to enable the mission to explain friendly and pacific views of England towards China... the trade it wishes to carry on..." "The fear of the English encouraging the Napaul Rajah to resume hostilities, or assisting the Lama to recover possessions lately arrested from him... losses & expenses sustained with the Rajah of Napaul, would be strong inducements to the Chinese, not only to meet the English on fair terms, but to court their friendship..." "The fame of the British Arms on the taking of Dellamcotta [Bhutan] in 1773, spread alarm and terror through our adjacent states which are tributaries of China... The Chinese themselves have already shewn no small dread of our interference with them on the side of Napaul and Thibet... declining the deputation proposed by Lord Cornwallis in 1791 to be sent into that quarter in order to mediate peace..." "... admonitions of the Viceroy of Canton to Lord Macartney to dissuade him from exciting resentment at home, on account of the refusal of his demands at Pekin, betray likewise an apprehension of the British power..." "... while the proposed mission should take every necessary step to cultivate a good understanding with the Chinese Chiefs on the Frontiers of the Empire, it might be of advantage to keep just so much of their jealousy alive, as to make them feel the importance of being well with us in return, and the necessity of a reciprocation of good officers." "Instead of thinking us a set of Beggarly Merchants, to use their own phrase, they would learn to treat us as a Nation that may be either a dangerous Enemy or powerful Ally. - Under this impression new and extensive Commercial privileges might be gained thro' fear... procuring for us an open Trade of incalculable advantage along the whole extent of its Eastern Coast." End excerpts. It is no coincidence that a few years after the Knox expedition, the British instigated the Anglo-Nepalese War (1814-16), also known as the Gurkha War. On 2 December 1815 the Treaty of Sugauli was signed. It was ratified on 4 March 1816 by the East India Company and the King of Nepal, formally delineating the boundary of Nepal, conceding approximately one third of Nepalese-controlled territory to British India, and formally establishing a British representative in Kathmandu. The signatory for Nepal was Raj Guru Gajraj Mishra, aided by Chandra Sekher Upadhayaya, and the signatory for the Company was Lieutenant Colonel Paris Bradshaw. Subsequently, a second grand scale mission to Pekin would finally be undertaken, when in 1816 Lord Amherst [William Pitt Amherst] was sent to the court of China's Qing dynasty, also with a view of expanding commercial relations between China and Great Britain. Just like Macartney his predecessor, Amherst returned without any agreement from the Chinese government. In 1833, the jealously-protected monopoly of the East India Company was finally abolished. China trade was opened to the competition of all British subjects, including companies who had been petitioning the government and lobbying members of Parliament for free trade for years. Limitations restricting trade to a sin gle factory in Canton were lifted. Much to the chagrin of the pioneering Company who had laid the foundation for immense enterprise, the trade was no longer overseen by the East India Company Supercargoes, but managed by a Chief Superintendent appointed by the Crown. Also interesting to note, at the time of this proposed strategy, there was a heightened global demand for tea, China being the sole producer of the commodity. A secondary demand for Chinese silk and porcelain also became prevalent in the English market. China accepted only silver as currency from foreigners, creating a shortage of it. As Britain did not possess sufficient amounts of silver to trade with the Qing Empire, the East India Company (EIC), monopoly suppliers of tea to the English market, circumvented the problem by creating a barter system based on Indian opium to bridge the problem of payment. The opium was grown on their plantations in India, then sold to the Chinese, the proceeds from which they used to pay for tea. The exponential increase of opium in China between 1790 and 1832 brought about new problems, creating clashes between the Qing government and British merchants, which would ultimately escalate into the Opium Wars. A substantial archive of the Melville Papers (1786-1847), is held by the University of Manchester Library, which was acquired by the John Rylands Library from various sources in the 1930s, and which comprises correspondence and papers of Henry Dundas (1742-1811), 1st Viscount Melville, as well as his son Robert Saunders Dundas (1771-1851), 2nd Viscount. The National Records of Scotland also holds an important Melville Papers Archive, with documents dating from 1629-1939. "At the core of the collection are the papers of Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville and his son Robert, 2nd Viscount, dating from 1775 to 1830. Both men were de facto Secretaries of State for Scotland. Father and son were very involved in the government of India and in the administration of the Royal Navy." Similar collections can be found at the William L. Clements Library at the University of Michigan, Bodleian Library at the University of Oxford, George Macartney, 1st Earl Macartney, KB (1737-1806), best known as Lord Macartney, was a British statesman, colonial administrator and diplomat. He is often remembered for his observation following Britain's success in the Seven Years War and subsequent territorial expansion at the Treaty of Paris that Britain now controlled "a vast Empire, on which the sun never sets". Macartney arrived in the Caribbean in 1776 and was the Governor of Grenada, Tobago, and the Grenadines, from 1776 to 1779. Grenada was invaded in July 1779 by the French royal fleet of the Comte d'Estaing, the fortifications on Hospital Hill being sieged, and Macartney was imprisoned. After his return to Great Britain, he was governor of Madras from 1781 to 1785. Lord Macartney had the further distinction of being the first British ambassador to China. Appointed by George III in 1792, he was charged with the demonstration of British equality with, if not superiority to, the peoples of China, and the negotiation of commercial treaties for the export of tea, and more particularly the import of British goods to pay for the tea (until this attempt the Chinese had always forced the British to use silver for payment). Macartney was not especially well received, most likely because of his refusal to acknowledge the divine nature of the Chinese Qing Emperor Tchieng Lung by observing the traditional kowtow (k'ou-t'ou) or ritual abasement and because of his attempt to negotiate a diplomatic treaty acknowledging British equality. The Chinese viewed Macartney as a tributary ambassador (and therefore George III as a tributary king) and his requests were turned down. However, Macartney did take with him a considerable retinue, among them a number of people who published influential accounts of the journey to China and the customs and manners of the Chinese themselves. The embassy returned to England via Macao and St. Helena, arriving in September 1794, and Macartney received an earldom the same year. . Very Good.

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      - De l'imprimerie de P. Didot L'aîné, àParis 1797 (An V), in-8 (12x20cm), (2) 522pp. (1), relié. - nuova edizione Bound in pieno marocco grano rosso lungo (pelle Rusie) firmato P. Bozérian. Torna liscio decorato con doppia serie di filetto. bordi dorati. attrito - [FRENCH VERSION FOLLOWS] Nouvelle édition, illustrée d'un portrait en médaillon en page de titre et de 5 gravures à l'aquatinte non signées. Le dernier feuillet comporte cette note : "Cette édition, imprimée sur papier vélin d'Annonay, n'a été tirée qu'à 250 exemplaires." Selon Cohen, l'édition comporte 7 figures. Reliure en plein maroquin rouge à grains longs (cuir de Rusie) signée P. Bozérian. Dos lisse orné de séries de doubles filets. Tranches dorées. Frottements. Outre les Poésies (Epitres, Les quatre saisons, Poésies diverses, La religion vengée) l'édition contient le Discours sur la poésie, Reflexions sur les passions, Réflexions sur la métromanie, Réflexions sur la curiosité, Réflexions sur le goût de la campagne. Décédé en 1794, "Le cardinal des plaisir" selon l'appellation du roman éponyme de Jean-Maris Rouart, fut d'abord un poète pauvre avant d'être introduit dans les salons et notamment celui de Madame de Pompadour qui lança sa brillante carrière politique, puisqu'il fut tour à tour ministre et secrétaire d'état aux affaires étrangères. Ses vers galants, dont Votaire se moqua, lui ouvrirent les portes de l'Académie française à 29 ans.

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        Carte Des Découvertes Faites en 1787 dans les Mers De Chine et De Tartarie, par les Frégates Francaises la Boußole et l'Astrolabe, depuis leur Départ de Manille jusqu'à leur Arrivée au Kamtschatka. 1.ere Feuille. - Gravée par Bouclet - Ecrit par Herault.':.

      - Kupferstich v. Bouclet & Hérault aus Atlas du Voyage de la Pérouse ., 1797, 50,5 x 69 Walter, Japan a Cartographic vision. European printed Maps from the Early 16th to the 19th Century, 109; s. Phillips, Philippine Islands S. 117; Tooley's Dic. of Mapm., S. 376 (La Pérouse, Jean Francois Galoup, Comte de; 1741-1788). - Die Karte zeigt China mit Tawain und den südlichen Teil von Korea und Japan sowie die nördlichen Philippinen mit den Marianen. - Am unteren Kartenrand Titel. The map shows the eastcoast from China, Korea, Japan, Taiwan and the northern part of the Philippines.

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      De l'imprimerie de P. Didot L'aîné 1797 - - De l'imprimerie de P. Didot L'aîné, àParis 1797 (An V), in-8 (12x20cm), (2) 522pp. (1), relié. - Nouvelle édition, illustrée d'un portrait en médaillon en page de titre et de 5 gravures à l'aquatinte non signées. Le dernier feuillet comporte cette note : "Cette édition, imprimée sur papier vélin d'Annonay, n'a été tirée qu'à 250 exemplaires." Selon Cohen, l'édition comporte 7 figures. Reliure en plein maroquin rouge à grains longs (cuir de Rusie) signée P. Bozérian. Dos lisse orné de séries de doubles filets. Tranches dorées. Frottements. Outre les Poésies (Epitres, Les quatre saisons, Poésies diverses, La religion vengée) l'édition contient le Discours sur la poésie, Reflexions sur les passions, Réflexions sur la métromanie, Réflexions sur la curiosité, Réflexions sur le goût de la campagne. Décédé en 1794, "Le cardinal des plaisir" selon l'appellation du roman éponyme de Jean-Maris Rouart, fut d'abord un poète pauvre avant d'être introduit dans les salons et notamment celui de Madame de Pompadour qui lança sa brillante carrière politique, puisqu'il fut tour à tour ministre et secrétaire d'état aux affaires étrangères. Ses vers galants, dont Votaire se moqua, lui ouvrirent les portes de l'Académie française à 29 ans. [AUTOMATIC ENGLISH TRANSLATION FOLLOWS] New edition Bound in full morocco red long grain (leather Rusie) signed P. Bozérian. Back smooth decorated with double fillet series. gilt edges. friction (2) 522pp. (1) [Attributes: Hard Cover]

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        Pasigraphie... premiers élémens du nouvel art-science

      4to., (4)6663(1)pp., blank strip cut away from lower margin of last leaf, title-page a bit dust-soiled and with the initials 'A.G.' ink-stamped in margin, occasional light foxing, corners of some leaves curled, old, probably original, marbled wrappers, entirely uncut. A good copy.Publisher: Paris, au bureau de la Pasigraphie,Year: 1797Edition: First edition in French (published at the same time as a German language printing).

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      New York: Printed by William A. Davis for the Author, 1797. [14],13-260pp. plus twenty-four engraved plates. 12mo. Original calf, leather label. Hinges cracked but cords sound, wear to spine extremities. Some staining on early leaves, scattered foxing and tanning. Overall good. The author was a captain of artillery during the American Revolution under Gen. John Lamb, who provides herein a recommendation for the book. William Rollinson, a line and stipple engraver in New York, executed the plates. A complete copy of an unusual and important manual, usually lacking some or all of the plates. RINK 2172. EVANS 32878. SABIN 91568. NAIP w029515.

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      1797 - Riduzione della grande pianta dell'Ughi (1729), la prima e pià importante carta toponomastica "moderna" di Venezia, accompagnata da una veduta della Città che abbraccia la prospettiva di Venezia da San Giorgio fino al rio della Ca' di Dio.

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