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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1776

        Fisica de' Corpi Ponderabili ossia Trattato della Costituzione Generale de' Corpi del Cavaliere.Torino: Stamperia Reale, 1837-41.. First edition.

      A very fine set of one of the great rarities of chemistry. This monumental work is the only major publication of Avogadro (1776-1856), one of the founders of physical chemistry in the early 19th century. The famous hypothesis which bears his name - that equal volumes of all gases and vapors contain the same number of ultimate molecules at the same pressure and temperature - demonstrated the link between Gay-Lussac's law of volume and Dalton's atomic theory, and provided a much needed key to the problems of 19th-century chemistry by distinguishing between atoms and molecules. The very title of this book indicates that he was concerned with atomic weights. The present work is a substantial enlargement of Avogadro's memoir, first published in 1811 in the Journal de Physique. But that paper was largely ignored for another half century, partly because it was published first in Italian (when Italy was at the periphery of scientific research) and subsequently only in minor French, German and English scientific Journals. His molecular hypothesis is widely considered to be Italy's great contribution to chemistry in the 19th century.<br/><br/> Emil Offenbacher, the distinguished dealer who specialized in chemistry, wrote (cat. 39, item 4, 1986) "a complete set is today of great rarity". ABPC lists just four copies between the Honeyman sale (1978) and the present, the last copy being that in the Haskell Norman sale (1998). <br/><br/> Norman 89; Honeyman 168; Sparrow, Milestones of Science, 16 (1811 memoir). Partington, IV, p.213-17.. 4 volumes, thick 8vo: 228 x 146 mm, bound in four fine contemporary half calf with gilt cloth title labels. Fully complete: pp. (6), XXXI, (1), 910; (2), 980, (2); (2), XIII, (1), 932, (2); XIII, (1), 926, (2), LIII, (1), (2) and 18 folding lithographed plates. Fresh and clean throughout, a very fine set

      [Bookseller: Sophia Rare Books]
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        Apparatus Medicaminum

      tam simplicium quam praeparatorum et compositorum in praxeos.... I-VI. Printed at Joann. Christ. Dieterich, Göttingen 1776-1792. 8:o. (39),627;(4),466;(4),572;(4),665;X,(2),604 ;IV,243,(22) pages. With five engraved title-vignettes. Contemporary half-calf. Spine in compartments richly gilt in floral pattern. Red and green labels in second and third compartment. Green label on volume III and VI are new. Volume I with head of spine worn down and a small wormmark front cover. Volume II marks after water-damage front cover and first free endpaper. Small wormholes outer joint and a small wormmark lower cover. Surface outer joints, especially in front, of vol. IV and V worn in places, with the superficial layer of the leather gone. Head of spine damaged vol. IV. Small wormdamage lower cover vol. VI. Two book-plates (Hammer and Karl Erik Widlund). 20 x 13 cm.. Volume VI edited by Ludov. Christ. Althof after the death of Jo. Andrea Murray. Lacking supplement. A nice set

      [Bookseller: Antiquaria]
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        Marmora et adfines aliquos lapides coloribus suis/ afbeelding der marmer soorten.../ abbildungen der marmor-arten.../ a representation of different sort of marble.../ representation de marbres...

      Amsterdam, Johann Christian Sepp, 1776. 4to (303 x 243mm). 5 printed titles in Latin, Dutch, German, English and French, 5 introduction leaves in these languages and 50 leaves of text (including 10 subtitles), describing the plates 1-68. With 98 (of 100) beautifully handcoloured engraved plates. Contemporary interim blue boards, with handwritten title on frontcover, spine with recent skilful paper repair. A very fine large and uncut copy of the most beautiful book ever published on marbles. The present copy is one of the most complete copies to appear on the market. The work was first published at Nuremberg in 1775 with the text in German and Latin. In the present Amsterdam edition published by Sepp, the most famous Dutch natural history publisher in the 18th century, French, Dutch and English were added. According to Landwehr 'it is one of the best executed publications of Christian Sepp'. Both editons have the same number of plates. The work was published in issues and copies with more than 70 plates are rare. "Magnificent, outstanding color-plate book of the Mineral Kingdom, depicting an almost infinitely-varied series of marbles and allied ornamental stones from deposits in Germany and nearby countries. Presumably each of the rectangular panels represents the appearance of a polished slab, with most plates depicting six such pieces, but others two, four, and as many as nine. While one is immediately captivated by the richness and depth of the watercoloring, often heightened by the application of opaque white for veinlets, it can be seen that under each painting lies a complex, lightly-incised network of lines, almost like rouletting, over which the colors have been laid" (Sinkankas 7281). The text is by S.C. Schmidel, who had earlier published a colour plate volume on mineral specimens. The plates are by Adam Ludwig Wirsing (1753-1797) who was an publisher, engraver and art dealer in Nuremberg, specializing in natural history. He engraved plates for some of the most lavish German natural history works such as Trew's 'Hortus nitidissimus', Schaeffer's 'Fungorum..' and many others. Landwehr 1; Sinkankas 7282.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariaat Junk B.V.]
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        OPERE VETERINARIE.

      In-8 p. (mm. 205x132), 8 voll., cartonato rustico coevo, tit. ms. al dorso. Questa importante opera è così composta: - Vol. I (p. I) ?Materia medicinale ragionata? O sia compendio dei medicamenti considerati nei loro effetti, pp. XXII,(2),236. - Vol. II (p. II) ?Materia medicinale ragionata? Ovvero compendiosa notizia di alcune droghe costituenti parte delle sostanze che entrano nelle formole della Scuola Regia Veterinaria, insieme colle stesse formole medicinali, pp. (4),367. - Vol. III ?Elementi dell?arte veterinaria?: Della conformazione esterna del cavallo - Della scelta dei cavalli e delle attenzioni ch?esigono, pp. XX,443. - Vol. IV ?Saggio teorico e pratico sulla ferratura?, pp. XX,238,(2). - Vol. V ?Compendio anatomico del corpo del cavallo?, pp. (4),XXIV,400. - Vol. VI ?Compendio splancnologico o sia breve trattato dei visceri del cavallo?, pp. VIII,384. - Vol. VII ?Saggio sulle preparazioni e sulle fasciature proprie de? quadrupedi?, pp. XII,151, molto ben illustrato da 19 (su 21) belle tavv. f.t., inc. in rame e più volte ripieg., ciasc. con più figg. relative alla macchina del ?travaglio? (per effettuare sui cavalli dolorose operazioni chirurgiche) e ai vari tipi di fasciature e ferri per fratture. - Vol. VIII ?Memorie intorno alla ruminazione ed alle malattie contagiose del bestiame; instruzione intorno alla tabe dei montoni - Regolamenti per le Scuole Regie Veterinarie di Francia?, pp. XVI,391, con 4 tabelle più volte ripieg. "Edizione originale della versione italiana" di quest?opera fondamentale. Raro trovarla completa. Cfr. Mennessier,I, p. 156-158: ?Claude Bourgelat (1712-79), écuyer, médecin, hippiatre et vétérinaire français, fondateur des Ecoles vétérinaires? - Brunet,VI,7699. Solo l?ultimo vol. con qualche fiorit., altrim. esempl. pressoché intonso e ben conservato.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Malavasi]
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        In lode delle belle arti. Orazione e componimenti poetici detti in Campidoglio in occasione della festa del concorso celebrata dall´insigne Accademia del disegno di S. Luca. Essendo principe di essa il signor Carlo Marchonni l´anno 1775. Alla santita di nostro signore papa Pio VI.

      Roma, Stamperia di Arcangelo Casaletti, [1776?]. LXXIX p. Contemporary vellum

      [Bookseller: Antikvariat Röda Rummet AB]
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        THE HISTORY OF THE ADVENTURES OF JOSEPH ANDREWS, AND HIS FRIEND Mr. Abraham Adams.

      [12], 166 pages. Engraved frontispiece. Original Dutch floral boards, sometime, rather insensitively re-backed in Dutch floral paper. Ownership inscription on front endpaper; 'accounting' on rear endpaper; inner joints repaired when re-backed; else a very good copy of rare printing, unknown to Roscoe.The only copy located is held by the British Library, but it would appear to lack the frontispiece. This title was first published by Francis Newbery in 1769.

      [Bookseller: David Miles]
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        Les souffrances du jeune Werther en deux parties. Traduit de l'original Allemand par B.S. d. S. [Baron Siegmund de Seckendorf].

      Erlang(en), Wolfgang Walther, 1776. Bound in a nice cont. hcalf w. raised bands, gilt ornamentations and gilt title-label to spine; gilding quite vague. Some wear to capitals and especially to corners, where leather is worn off. Inner front hinge a bit weak. , title-page loosening. Occasional brownspotting. Old owner's name to title-page. Woodcut vignettes.. The rare first edition of what is supposedly the first French translation of Goethe's monumental work "Die Leiden des jungen Werthers", one of the most influential and popular books of the 18th century. The first edition in German appeared in 1774, and the work was so popular that new editions followed immediately after; already the following year the book was printed nine times, and it was almost immediately translated into all European languages, the French being one of the first, together with a Dutch edition from the same year. The first English translation appeared in 1779, and after that translations into almost all other European languages followed. The French translation of the work was of immense influence, and after the first translation (the present by Saeckendorf) appeared in 1776, several other translations and numerous editions appeared immediately after, bearing testimony to the status of the work as an absolute best-seller in France. In fact, as much as 14 adaptions, translations and re-issues of Werther in French appeared Between 1776 and 1779.It has previously been assumed that a French translation was published in 1774, but this seems to be incorrect; the supposed French 1774 edition cannot be identified anywhere, and the present translation by Seckendorf is now generally accepted as being the very first French translation, here present in the first edition. In the same year a translation by Deyverddun appeared, and in 1777 one by Aubry.This, Goethe's first novel, is written in the form of letters, and it caused him almost overnight fame. The style of writing has influenced an entire generation of writers. No other of Goethe's works has been so widely read by his contemporaries, and no other work in general has been of as great importance to the Sturm und Drang-period; the work also caused the so-called "Lesesucht" (the important and wide-ranging debate in late 18th century on misreading and on dangerous and harmful literature). The impact it had on not only literature, but on almost all aspects of life at the time, was immense and unheard of. Werther might well be the first cult-figure ever; -a true "Werther-Fieber" broke loose, resulting in a distinct Werther-fashion (yellow trousers, yellow waist-coat, blue coat, high turned-down boots, round felt hat and un-powdered hair, as described by Goethe in the novel), Werther-perfume, Werther-cups etc. Numerous people susceptible to influence actually killed themselves in sympathy with the suffering Werther or overwhelmed by the gulf that separates the outer from the inner world suggested in the novel (the first copycat-suicides of the world, -many of the bodies were found with the book in their hands), and the work incited the romantic urge for revolution; the work is also said to have been Napoleon's favourite novel, which he carried with him at all times. It was the French edition of this monumental work that Napoleon carried with him to Egypt and after his own testimony read eight times during that period.In fact, the influence that this novel had on French culture and literature was of groundbreaking character. It was the first German best-seller in France, and due to it, an entire school in French literature of French Werther imitations (and parodies) emerged, changing the course of French 18th century literature. It is also this novel and the rendering of it into French that paves the way for French Romaticism, and it seminally influenced many of the most famous French writers of the Romantic era. As Goethe put it in 1779, "Le francais sont sous le charme de Werther".Goethe himself was very surprised by the impact of the work, and said about it: "Die Wirkung dieses Büchleins war groß, ja ungeheuer, und vorzüglich deshalb, weil es genau in die rechte Zeit traf." (Dichtung und Wahrheit). This literary masterpiece may be called the first German novel of world literary class, and it not only seems like a modern work of fiction, it is a work which has irreversibly shaped the feeling of life which is specific to modern man. Baldensperger, Bibliographie critique de Goethe en France, 1907: p.5

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        A Code of Gentoo Laws, or Ordinations of the Pundits. From a Persian Translation, Made From the Original, Written in the Shanscrit Language

      First edition of the first work in English describing the principles of Hindu jurisprudence, digesting Sanscrit law; translated by Halhed, the English orientalist and the first European to perceive the philosophical affinities of Sanscrit and Latin. Modern calf, the spine extra gilt, definite embrowning; attractive. n.p., London, 1776.

      [Bookseller:  Meyer Boswell Books, Inc.]
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        Fables Choisies : mises en vers par J. de La Fontaine

      4 Bde. Ldbde.d.Zt. 8° Die Einbände mit Lederrückenschildern, reicher Rücken- und etwas Filetenvergoldung auf den Deckeln. Marmorierte Vorsätze- Exemplare mit allseitigem Goldschnitt, z. T. braunfleckig und mit Leimschatten. Minimale Fehlstellen, etwas berieben und bestoßen, dennoch dekorativ.

      [Bookseller: Heinrich Heine Antiquariat Lustenberger ]
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        A Treatise on Government. Translated from the Greek by William Ellis.

      London, T. Payne, 1776. 4to. Very nice, contemporary full calf binding with five raised bands and gilt leather title-label to richly gilt spine. All edges of boards gilt. Front hinge weak. Leather at front hinge cracked, so cords are showing. An exceptionally nice and clean copy with only a tiny bit of occasional soiling or brownspotting. Very good, wide margins. Old owner's entry to title-page: "E.Sw." (2), XVIII, 428, (14, -Index) pp.. The rare first translation into English from the original Greek of Aristotle's seminal "Politics", a key document in the history of Western political thought, which also greatly influenced late 18th and 19th century political thought in the English speaking world. "The Politics is one of Aristotle's most important works, having had an inestimable influence on political thought up until the present day." (From the synopsis and review of the Clarendon edition of Aristotle's Politics). Before the present edition, the text of Aristotle's "Politics" was only known in English in the translation from the French (!) by Regious, which appeared in 1597 and which was not very popular nor influential. It was not until Ellis decided to translate the work that the English speaking world was actually presented with a proper translation, done from the original Greek, of this seminal document of political thought. According to Lowndes, the version of the text is "faithful and perspicious", and it was reprinted as soon as 1778. It is likely, for instance, that it is the present version of the text that the likes of Bentham and Mill have studied.Aristotle's "Politics" is not only a monument of the Greek city state and an invaluable document portraying the world of Antiquity, it also constitutes the first reflexion of the conditions under which philosophy is possible within politics and thus the work that founded political thought. The influence that this work has had on later political thought is difficult to exaggerate, and the fact that the work became available in a translation into English directly from the original Greek has been of the utmost importance to the development of political thought in England and America. "my recommendation (of the politics an not foremost another of aristotle's works) is owing to the subject it treats of: it must certainly excite every one's curiosity, to know how mankind originally conducted themselves in so very important a business as that of living together, and to trace the first origin of society from its primitive rudeness, through the various forms it has pursued, to the perfection, nay, and the depravation also, which at some periods it has arrived at: nor is this study less useful for the informing us of the nature of our own species, and pointing out the different excesses both of vice and virtue which it may arrive at... I do not recommend this work as containing a history of the various governments which have in different periods really existed in the world, but, as a valuable curiosity... as containing examples which may be copied with advantage in every age by every government, and reasoning which is founded on eternal truths... But with all the imperfections of this translation, and many the author fears will be found in it, he shall not regret his having presumed to offer it to the Public, although he should incur some censure on himself, if it occasions those who would never have perused the original, to acquire at least some knowledge of so valuable an ancient; and he should be still happier, if this attempt should induce any scholar of acknowledged abilities to pursue the plan and give the public more of this Author's valuable works in the English language (Preface, pp. XII - XVIII).Lowndes, I:p.68

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        ARTE NUEVA DE ESCRIBIR

      Antonio de Sancha Madrid: Antonio de Sancha, 1776. FIRST EDITION. 308 x 222 mm (12 1/8 x 8 3/4"). 1 p.l., xxviii, 136 pp., [1] leaf. Contemporary quarter sheep over marbled boards, paper label on flat spine. Vignette initials and 40 FINE PLATES SHOWING EXAMPLES OF ELEGANT PENMANSHIP within frames containing a series of elaborate flourishes. Palau XX, 24. Corners and bottom edges of paper boards very worn, backstrip a bit dry, a little general wear and soiling to covers and spine (as well as one small ink splash on back board), isolated minor soiling and a few stray ink marks in the text, but the original fragile binding entirely sound, and a very attractive copy in general because EXTREMELY FINE INTERNALLY, with very fresh and clean plates and text, the latter within especially ample margins. This work comprises the first printing of an 18th century scholarly examination of the calligraphy of Pedro Diaz Morante (ca. 1566-1636), a Spanish calligrapher from Toledo whose work shows the influence of Italian writing masters of the period. It is an influential writing manual which marked a revival of the art of calligraphy in Spain. The style that Diaz Morante developed and taught appeared originally in the now excessively rare "Nueva Arte de Escribir" (1615), and the present work, the title of which echoes the earlier book, was inspired by it. It includes a study of Diaz Morante's technique by Francisco Xavier de Santiago Palomares, along with 40 elegant plates executed by Santiago Palomares in the calligraphic style of Diaz Morante. Santiago Palomares (1718 or 1728-96) was a paleographer and pioneer in the study of Spanish historical hands. He began his researches in the archives of Toledo, continued them at the Escorial library, and came to promote a national style of writing that could be executed with speed by systematic practice without deforming individual letters. In order to achieve this, he chose to develop and modify the hand of Diaz Morante as it appeared at the beginning of the 17th century. The fine plates showing samples of elegant and simple letters in various sizes are engraved by Francisco Asensio y Mejorada. The last specimen illustrated is the work of one of the author's young pupils, Maria Josefa Bahamonde, who at the age of 12 was able to write almost as well as a master. There are short sections devoted to the choice and cut of quills, the position of the pen, and the formation of letters modelled on examples provided.

      [Bookseller: Phillip J. Pirages Fine Books and Mediev]
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        Notizie delle cose del friuli scritte secondo i tempi. udine, per li fratelli gallici alla fontana, 1776-77.

      Cinque voll. in 8°, pagg. XVI, 320; 332; 339; 308; 345, leg. moderna in mezza pelle con angoli, tit. oro e filetti al dorso, nervi. Il primo volume contiene le notizie topografiche e la storia prima dell'era cristiana; gli altri quattro stampati nel 1777, la storia dal primo secolo al 1762. Alla fine del V° tomo si trova una dissertazione, sempe del Liruti, sui Monasteri e Badie antiche di S. Banedetto in Friuli. Tutti i volumi presentano una estesa gora d'acqua, ma senza alcuna muffa. Edizione originale. Valentinelli n°92, Lozzi, I, 2047 (in nota). Opera assai rara.

      [Bookseller: Biggio Giuseppina]
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        ACTS OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE PROVINCE OF NEW-JERSEY, FROM THE SURRENDER OF THE GOVERNMENT TO QUEEN ANNE

      Burlington, NJ: Isaac Collins, 1776. First Edition. 3/4 leather. Light to moderate foxing, typical for American paper of this period. Near Fine in an attractive binding. Folio (8-3/4" x 13-1/8") bound by Brentano's in twentieth century 3/4 polished calf with a gilt-decorated and lettered spine, top edge gilt, marbled endpapers; viii, 493, [1], 6, 4, 4, 3, [1], 15, [1] pages (appears to lack a 6-page appendix). Covers the period from 1702 to 14 January 1776 with an appendix, three alphabetical tables, and an index. With numerous acts described including those on regulating slaves, taverns, fire arms, the militia, gambling and horse races, as well as acts dividing and forming counties. A wonderful compendium of colonial laws right up to the colonies' declaration of independence from England. Early calligraphic owner name of Joseph Stokes on the front endpaper and the bottom of the last page of the preface.

      [Bookseller: Charles Agvent, ABAA ]
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        Den sindrige Herremand Don Quixote af Mancha Levnet og Bedrifter. Forfattet af Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra. Oversat, efter det i Amsterdam og Leipzig 1755, udgivne Spanske Oplag, af Charlotta Dorothea Biehl.

      4 bind. Gyldendal, København 1776-1777. 8vo. Kobberstukket portræt af Cervantes på frontispicen i bind 1. 29 plancher med kobberstukne illustrationer. Trykt på skrivepapir. Nydelige uniforme, lidt senere, brune halvlæderbind med rygforgyldning. Samtidigt navn på titelblad i første bind, samtidigt stempel i de træ næste. Lidt nyere navn på friblad. Sidepapir og hjørner med let slitage.. Charlotte Dorothea Biehls oversættelse af den verdensberømte roman må betragtes som denne rigt begavede kvindes litterære hovedværk. Hendes tekst er så slidstærk, at den blev betragtet som den autoritative danske oversættelse og udgivet igen og igen frem til 1990'erne, da hele to forlag lod hver sin oversætter tage fat med hele to udgaver til følge. Spændende, om den ene eller begge kan leve i over 200 år

      [Bookseller: Vangsgaards Antikvariat]
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        Untersuchung der Natur und Ursachen von Nationalreichthümern, Aus dem Englischen. 2 Bände.

      Leipzig, Weidmann, 1776-78. 8vo, Two very nice uniform late 19th century half vellum bindings with gilt spines. Old labels removed from spines causing a bit of very light discolouration. Free front end-paper of volume one with a few pencil marks. Title-pages with liberary stamp (Wirtschaftswiss. Seminare der Universität Basel). Occasional brownspotting and a few pencil underlinings. VIII, 632 pp; XII, 740 pp.. Exceedingly rare first German edition, also being the very first overall translation, of Adam Smith's ground-breaking main work, the "Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations". This seminal first translation of the work was undertaken by J.F. Schiller, who finished the first part of the translation in time for it to appear as soon as 1776, the same year as the original English edition. The second part appeared in 1778, the same year as the exceedingly scarce first French translation. This first German translation has been of the utmost importance to the spreading of Smith's ideas throughout Europe, and, after the true first, this must count as the most important edition of the work."The influence of the Wealth of Nations [...] in Germany [...] was so great that 'the whole of political economy might be divided into two parts - before and since Adam Smith; the first part being a prelude, and the second a sequel." (Backhouse, Roger E., The Methodology of Economics: Nineteenth-Century British Contributions, Routledge, 1997.)"The first review of the translation, which appeared in the Göttingische gelehrte Anzeigen for March 10, 1777, by J. G. H. Feder, professor of Philosophy at the University of Göttingen, was very favorable. In the words of the reviewer: "It is a classic; very estimable both for its thorough, not too limited, often far-sighted political philosophy, and for the numerous, frequently discursive historical notes," but the exposition suffers from too much repetition." (Lai, Cheng-chung. Adam Smith Across Nations: Translations and Receptions of The Wealth of Nations, Clarendon Press, UK, 2000).Until 1797, [...], the work of Adam Smith received scant attention in Germany. While Frederick II was living, Cameralism held undisputed sway in Prussia, and the economic change which began with the outbreak of the French Revolution had still not gained sufficient momentum to awake the economic theorists from their dogmatic slumber." (Lai, Cheng-chung. Adam Smith Across Nations: Translations and Receptions of The Wealth of Nations, Clarendon Press, UK, 2000).Various German economist read the german translations and was inspired by it. "Christian Garve, [...], must be considered as among the important contributors to the spread of Smith's views. Himself a popularizer of philosophical doctrines, he was early attracted by the Scotch writers and became one of their foremost exponents in Germany." In 1791 Garve began a second translation of the Smith's work and in the introduction to the the translation he wrote: "It (Smith's work) attracted me as only few books have in the course of my studies through the number of new views which it gave me not only concerning the actual abject of his investigations, but concerning all related material from the philosophy of civil and social life". Georg Sartorius, August Ferdinand Lueder and, perhaps the most important economist of the period, Christian Jacob Kraus, were all important figures in the spread of Smith's thought. "The most significant of Kraus' works and that also which shows his conception of economic science most clearly is the five-volume work entitled State Economy. The first four volumes of this work are little more than a free paraphrase of the Wealth of Nations". Kraus was: "to a large extent responsible for the economic changes which took place in Prussia after 1807, in so far as they can be ascribed to Smithan influence." (Lai, Cheng-chung. Adam Smith Across Nations: Translations and Receptions of The Wealth of Nations, Clarendon Press, UK, 2000).Kraus wrote of the present volume: "[T]he world has seen no more important book than that of Adam Smith.... [C]ertainly since the times of the New Testament no writing has had more beneficial results than this will have.... [Smith's doctrines form] the only true, great, beautiful, just and beneficial system." (Fleischacker, Samuel , A Third Concept of Liberty, Princeton University Press, 1999.)_____________Hailed as the "first and greatest classic of modern thought" (PMM 221), Adam Smith's tremendously influential main work has had a profound impact on thought and politics, and is considered the main foundation of the era of liberal free trade that dominated the nineteenth century. Adam Smith (1723-1790) is considered the founder of Political Economy in Britain, mainly due to his groundbreaking work, the "Wealth of Nations" from 1776. The work took him 12 years to write and was probably in contemplation 12 years before that. It was originally published in two volumes in 4to, and was published later the same year in Dublin in three volumes in 8vo. The book sold well, and the first edition, the number of which is unknown, sold out within six months, which came as a surprise to the publisher, and probably also to Smith himself, partly because the work "requires much thought and reflection (qualities that do not abound among modern readers) to peruse to any purpose." (Letter from David Hume, In: Rae, Life of Adam Smith, 1895, p. 286), partly because it was hardly reviewed or noticed by magazines or annuals. In spite of this, it did evoke immense interest in the learned and the political world, and Buckle's words that the work is "in its ultimate results probably the most important book that has ever been written", and that it has "done more towards the happiness of man than has been effected by the united abilities of all the statesmen and legislators of whom history has preserved an authentic account" (History of Civilisation, 1869, I:214) well describes the opinion of a great part of important thinkers then as well as now

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        An Enquiry into the Nature and the Causes of the Wealth of Nations. In three Volumes. Vol. 1-3 (all).

      Dublin, Printed for Messrs. Whitestone, Chamberlaine, W.Watson, Potts etc. etc., 1776. 8vo. Three cont. uniform British full calf w. five raised bands and gilt red leather title-labels on backs. Hinges, corners and capitals repaired. Back of vol. one fully redone in old style, preserving most of the old red leather title-label. All edges of boards blindtooled. W. the half-title in vol. one only (the only one called for) and advertisement-leaves in vol. two. W. the bookplate of Lord Lismore on pasted-down front end-papers of all three volumes, the name of "Cornelius O'Callghan" (Cornelis Lord Lismore) in own neat handwriting on all three title-pages and cont. handwritten dedication (?) on the half-title: "Cornl. O'Callaghan/... /...". Inscription on front free end-paper dated "1797 July" (the year of the death of Lord Lismore), stating that this was the book of Cornelius Lord Lismore. Internally very nice and clean, in excellent condition and printed on good paper. (8), 391; (8), 524, (3) ("New Books"); (4), 412 pp.. Very scarce first Dublin-edition, printed the same year as the first edition, which is printed in London. First 8vo-edition, first three-volume edition. Together with the first (poor) German edition this is the only other edition than the first to have appeared within the first two years of publication. The second edition did not appear till 1778, as did also the first French translation (printed in La Haye, 1778-79), which is the first proper translation of Smith's monumental work. The first German edition is considered so poor that it is said to have caused the very delayed interest in Smith and his controversial ideas in Germany. Hailed as the "first and greatest classic of modern thought" (PMM 221), Adam Smith's greatly influential main work has had a profound impact on thought and politics, and is considered the main foundation of the era of liberal free trade that dominated the nineteenth century. Adam Smith (1723-1790) is considered the founder of Political Economy in Britain, mainly due to his groundbreaking work, the "Wealth of Nations" from 1776. The work took him 12 years to write and was probably in contemplation 12 years before that. It was originally published in two volumes in 4to, and was published later the same year in Dublin in three volumes in 8vo. The book sold well, and the first edition, the number of which is unknown, sold out within six months, which came as a surprise to the publisher, and probably also to Smith himself, partly because the work "requires much thought and reflection (qualities that do not abound among modern readers) to peruse to any purpose." (Letter from David Hume, In: Rae, Life of Adam Smith, 1895, p. 286), partly because it was hardly reviewed or noticed by magazines or annuals. In spite of this, it did evoke immense interest in the learned and the political world, and Buckle's words that the work is "in its ultimate results probably the most important book that has ever been written", and that it has "done more towards the happiness of man than has been effected by the united abilities of all the statesmen and legislators of whom history has preserved an authentic account" (History of Civilisation, 1869, I:214) well describes the the opinion of a great part of important thinkers then as well as now. The "Wealth of Nations" marks a turning-point in political and economic thought throughout Europe, and directly influenced politics at the time. Of course, the earliest influence of the work is to be traced in the British political world. It directly shaped parts of the policy of the country. "The very first budget after its publication bore its marks. Lord North was then on the outlook for fresh and comparatively unburdensome means of increasing the revenue, and obtained valuable assistance from the "Wealth of Nations". He imposed two new taxes in 1777, of which he got the idea there; one on man-servants, and the other on property sold by auction. And the budget of 1778 owed still more important features to Smith's suggestions... Then in the following year 1779 we find Smith consulted by statesmen like Dundas and the Earl of Carlisle on the pressing and anxious question of giving Ireland free trade." (Rae, Life of Adam Smith, p. 294). It is thus of interest to note that the work appeared so early in Dublin (being the only place it appeared the same year as in London), considering that the work was of immense importance to the controversial question of free trade in Ireland. Between the Restoration and the Union, the policy of commercial restriction was disastrous for the Irish people. They were considered aliens of Great Britain, and were consequently not allowed to trade freely with her or her colonies, and at the same time they were considered British subjects, and were consequently not allowed to trade freely with foreign countries. All attempts of export were crushed in the cradle, and it resulted in devastating consequences for the Irish; -in 1778 the terrible situation culminated, and it became obvious how plagued with starvation and unemployment the Irish actually were. Only when the Government, strained in war with France, Spain and America combined, realized that the Irish Protestants had raised an illegal army of 42.000 volunteers, did they recognize the need to give free trade to the Irish, and in 1779 Adam Smith was consulted by a number of members of the Government in order to explain to them the full consequences of the contemplated concession of free trade to Ireland. Finally, after a few restricted attempts, an amendment urging a general demand for free trade was put forward, and it was clear that the Government had to seriously face this dilemma. Adam Smith was thus called to the table because of his views put forth in the "Wealth of Nations", quotations from which had also previously been used in the discussion, and he played a great role in rescuing the Irish people from the tyranny of the oppressive aristocracy. As he put it in the "Wealth of Nations Book V, Chapter III: "Without a union with Great Britain the inhabitants of Ireland are not likely for many ages to consider themselves one people."The copy has belonged to Adam Smith's Irish contemporary, Cornelius O'Callaghan, 1st Baron of Lismore (1740-1797), and carries his bookplate with the distinctive O'Callghan shield, which is one of the most ancient in heraldry. Among Irish shields it is unique in being allegorical. Adam Smith's old friend the Earl of Shelburne (later Marquis of Lansdowne), who was the first to mention the "Wealth of Nations" in the House of Lords (in 1793), later sold his Manor of Shaen to Cornelius Lord Lismore Jr. (1801).Printing and the Mind of Man 221 (first edition)

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        An Enquiry into the Nature and the Causes of the Wealth of Nations. In two volumes. 2 vols.

      London, W. Strahan and T. Cadell, 1776. 4to. COMPLETELY UNCUT (leaves measuring ab. 30x23 cm.). Bound in two magnificent recent full calf pastiche-bindings, in Cambridge-style, with elegant "mirrors" to boards and exquisite blindstamped borders and decorations. Five raised bands, creating 6 compartments, two of which with autor and tome respectively in gilt lettering, the remaining forur with elegant blindstamped decorations. The raised bands also brindstamped. All edges of boards with gilt decorative border. Hand-stitched capital bands. Endpapers renewed. Volume one: A very small marginal repair to leaf B(1), a tiny hole to leaves (I4), P2, and (Xx3), just where the pagination is. About 10 leaves with brownspotting, and a few other leaves with very minor, light brownspotting. Vol. 2: leaf (N3) with a repaired marginal tear, a bit of minor marginal (ink)soiling to a few pages, about 5 leaves with brownspotting, otherwise only very minor, light scattered brownspotting. All in all a magnificent, clean, fine, and bright copy, with all edges uncut, in beautiful and elegant pastiche-bindings.(12), 510; (4), 587, (1, -advertisement) pp. Fully complete, with the final blank to volume one and the half-title to volume two.. First edition of Adam Smith's seminal main work, "the first and greatest classic of modern economic thought" (PMM 221), and the main foundational work of the era of liberal free trade. Adam Smith (1723-1790) is considered the founder of Political Economy in Britain, mainly due to his groundbreaking work, the "Wealth of Nations" from 1776. The work took him 12 years to write and was probably in contemplation 12 years before that. The book sold well, and the first edition, the number of which is unknown, sold out within six months, which came as a surprise to the publisher, and probably also to Smith himself, since the work not only "requires much thought and reflection (qualities that do not abound among modern readers) to peruse to any purpose." (Letter from David Hume, In: Rae, Life of Adam Smith, 1895, p. 286), but was also hardly reviewed nor noticed by magazines or annuals. In spite of this, it did evoke immense interest in the learned and the political world, and Buckle's words that the work is "in its ultimate results probably the most important book that has ever been written", and that it has "done more towards the happiness of man than has been effected by the united abilities of all the statesmen and legislators of whom history has preserved an authentic account" (History of Civilisation, 1869, I:214) well describes the still prevailing general opinion of the work. "Where the political aspects of human rights had taken two centuries to explore, Smith's achievement was to bring the study of economic aspects to the same point in a single work. "The Wealth of Nations" s not a system, but as a provisional analysis it is completely convincing. The certainty of its criticism and its grasp of human nature have made it the first and greatest classic of modern economic thought." (PMM 221).Printing and the Mind of Man 221

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        Les principales aventures de l'admirable Don Quichotte, représentées en figures par Coypel, Picart le Romain, et autres habiles maîtres; avec les explications des XXXI planches de cette magnifique collection, tirées de l'original espagnol.

      Liège, J. F. Bassompierre, 1776. Folio (38,7x24,5 cm). Uncut in contemporary half calf, rebacked, with the contemporary spine, which is very worn and with almost all gilding worn off, laid down. Corners a bit bumped. Apart from the spine, a well preserved copy. Some light soiling to title-page, otherwise very nice, fresh, and clean. Title-page printed in red and black and with engraved title-vignette. Beautiful, large angraved vignette to head of dedication. Text printed within ornamental frames; with numerous lovely woodcut initials and vignettes. With all 31 beautiful engraved plates, all numbered (including the frontispiece, which is part of the numbering). Very large margins.. Second edition, in folio, of this magnificent French Don Quichote-edition, renowned for its beautiful engraved plates. The work was originally published in 1746 and appeared in both large paper-issues (as here), in small folio, and in 4to. "Livre recherché a causes des gravures, qu'il contient. Il y a des expl. en très Gr. Pap. ou pet. in-fol.; ils étaient plus chers autrefoi [...] Les mêmes figures ont servi à une édition de Liége, 1776, in-4. et in-fol. dont en fait peu de cas." (Brunet)Brunet I:1752

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