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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1776

        JOURNAL OF THE PROCEEDINGS OF THE CONGRESS HELD AT PHILADELPHIA, MAY 10, 1775. PUBLISHED BY ORDER OF THE CONGRESS

      Philadelphia, Printed; London: Re-printed for J. Almon, 1776.. [4],200pp., with page numbers 159-168 repeated. Half title. Later marbled wrappers. A clean, fresh copy. Very good, untrimmed. In a half morocco box. This journal records the transactions of Congress for the period from May 10 to Aug. 1, 1775. Includes, among other items, the draft of the address of the Congress to the Six Confederated Indian Nations stating the grievances against Britain, the "Declaration...setting forth the causes and necessities of their taking up Arms," the rules and regulations of the Continental Army, the appointment of Washington as commander in chief, the Olive Branch Petition, etc. AMERICAN CONTROVERSY 75-151b. HOWES J264. SABIN 15543.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        The Theatre of War in North America, with the Roads, and a Table of Distances ... A Compendious Account of the British Colonies in North-America

      London: R. Sayer & J. Bennett, 20 March 1776. Engraved map, period hand- colouring in outline. Inset table of distances titled "Evan's Polymetric Table of America." Three columns of letterpress text beneath the map titled "A Compendious Account of the British Colonies in North-America" including a small table of the populations of the colonies at the bottom of the middle column. 30 1/2 x 22 1/2 inches. Rare broadside map published early in the war to satisfy the public demand for news relating to the Revolution in the colonies. "This map was published in early 1776 and sold in the streets of London for one shilling. It had text printed below the map which described colonies in detail" (Nebenzahl, Atlas of the American Revolution). The map itself is based largely on the French mapping by D'Anville (see Faden's map after D'Anville in Sayer and Bennett's American Atlas), although apparently also borrows from other sources. It depicts the colonies from Labrador to East Florida and as far west as a vast Louisiana. The complicated table of distances was no doubt included on the map to give the British public a better understanding of the vastness of the American continent, and in turn of the large scale of the theatre of war. The text below the map is quite interesting, describing the limits of each colony and their respective principal towns, harbours, rivers, etc. The small population table includes a breakdown not only of the total populations of each colony, but also the number of both white and African American men "able to bear arms." Stevens and Tree note three issues of this first edition of the map, with the present example being their earliest, also noting a succeeding edition dated November 1776 cut from an entirely new plate. Stevens & Tree, "Comparative Cartography" 58a, in Tooley, The Mapping of America; Phillips, A List of Maps of America, p. 588; Nebenzahl, Atlas of the American Revolution, endpapers; Sellers & Van Ee, Maps and Charts of North America and the West Indies 145; McCorkle, New England in Early Printed Maps 776.26.

      [Bookseller: Donald Heald Rare Books]
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        A Map of the Middle British Colonies In North America...March 25th, 1776

      London, 1776. No Binding. Near Fine. 19 1/8 x 32 inches.. Original outline color; minor marginal mends not affecting image; else excellent. Rare. This is by far the most important edition of the pioneering Evans map outside of the original one, which was called by Schwartz "the most ambitious performance of its kind undertaken in America up to that time." Of the numerous later editions of map, Pownall's was the only one to utilize the original plate and to have been authorized by Evans himself. In the upper left corner is a commendation of the map with Evans' engraved signature. Pownall's map is in fact a novel hybrid, consisting of Evans' original plate with a new plate for part of the Northeast appended to it. Pownall also significantly updated the original plate: "The whole of the map east of the longitude of Philadelphia is greatly changed, and is filled in with new details" (Stevens). Pownall, who had been governor of Massachusetts, stated that the New England section of the map was based on new information, "later Draughts and Surveys deposited at the Board of Trade" (Pownall's Topographical Description, in which the map was originally published). Sadly, Evans saw little profit from his groundbreaking map, in large part due to the numerous pirated editions of it by Jefferys, Sayer, Kitchen, Bowles and others. So moved was Pownall by the plight of the wronged and indigent Evans, who received no funds from the sale of the numerous piracies of his map, that he pledged all profits from his edition of the map to Evans' daughter. Stevens, H. Lewis Evans His Map, pp.17-28; Schwartz/Ehrenberg, p.1

      [Bookseller: Martayan Lan, Inc.]
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        PRINCIPIOS MILITARES

      Barcelona, Eulalia Piferrer Viuda, 1776.. en que se explican las operaciones de la guerra subterranea, o el modo de dirigir, fabricar, y usar las minas y contra-minas en el ataque y defensa de las plazas. Dispuestos para la instruccion de la ilustre juventud del Real Cuerpo de Artilleria. FIRST EDITION, 1776. Small 4to, 210 x 140 mm, 8¼ x 5½ inches, 24 folding engraved plates and plans, pages (30), 286, Spanish text, bound in full antique mottled leather, raised bands and gilt decoration to spine, gilt lettered morocco label, all edges red, marbled endpapers. Head and tail of spine and corners slightly rubbed, cover edges slightly worn, several scrapes to surface of upper cover, ink ownership stamp to half-title, top of title page and lower margin of page 15, small correction to 2 words, few pale brown marks to final page of text, small light stain to lower blank corner of last 4 plates, otherwise contents fine and bright, a couple of plates protruding slightly from text block. Binding tight and firm. A very good copy. A scarce Spanish technical military book. The author Don Raimundo Sanz is described on the title page as Cabellero del Orden de Santiago, Mariscal de Campo de los Exercitos de S. M., y Coronel del Real Cuerpo de Artilleria. MORE IMAGES ATTACHED TO THIS LISTING.

      [Bookseller: Roger Middleton]
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        Sgarzavolg: d: Ciuffetto Maschio [Tufted gray and golden yellow male Heron] [Pl. 419]

      [Florence: Giuseppe Vanni, 1776]. Etching, with engraving, coloured by hand, after Vanni, Lorenzi or Manetti. Very good condition apart from some very light foxing. 13 1/4 x 10 5/8 inches. 18 1/8 x 14 inches. A fine image from "one of the half-dozen or so great bird books" (Fine Bird Books). This beautiful plate comes from Storia naturale degli uccelli, of which Peter Dance writes, "The production of its five massive folio volumes must have been one of the most remarkable publishing ventures ever undertaken in Florence. Begun in 1767, and [based on birds taken from the collection of Giovanni Gerini], it was completed ten years later. It was larger, better engraved and more vividly coloured than any previous work on birds, but these are not its only claim to fame. The attitudes of the birds themselves give this book its unique character. Strutting, parading, posturing, and occasionally flying...are birds whose real-life counterparts would surely disown them, and not without reason, for Manetti seems in these pictures to be depicting the human comedy, the habits and mannerisms of contemporary Italian society. His book may still be rated among the very greatest bird books, if only for its magnificent comicality" (S. Peter Dance, The Art of Natural History: Animal Illustrators and their Work, London: 1978). Cf. Dance, 70; cf. Fine Bird Books (1990), p.92; cf. Nissen, IVB, 588; cf. Wood, p.450; cf. Zimmer, p.241.

      [Bookseller: Donald Heald Rare Books]
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        Autograph Document Signed, in Italian, oblong 8vo, Modena. June 18, 1777

      As a professor, Scarpa acknowledges a student?s enrollment. ?I, the Professor of Obstetrics signed below, certify hereby that Claudia Rovespi from the Concordia was enrolled in my school for the two years 1776-1777, attended regularly and studied diligently.? Signed ?Antonio Scarpa.?

      [Bookseller: David Schulson Autographs]
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        LORD KAMES. SIX SKETCHES ON THE HISTORY OF MAN. CONTAINING, THE PROGRESS OF MEN AS INDIVIDUALS ... WITH AN APPENDIX, CONCERNING, THE PROPAGATION OF ANIMALS, AND THE CARE OF THEIR OFFSPRING. (G)

      Philadelphia: R. Bell and R. Aitken,. Very Good with no dust jacket. 1776. First US Edition. Hardcover. Animal Husbandry; Law; Jurisprudence; We fit archival quality clear acrylic covers for additional protection whenever possible. ; 8vo 8" - 9" tall; vii and 262 (ii) pages; Lord Kames. Six Sketches on the History of Man. Containing, the Progress of Men as Individuals ... With an Appendix, Concerning, the Propagation of Animals, and the Care of their Offspring. Philadelphia: R. Bell and R. Aitken, 1776. First U. S. Edition. 8vo, original calf, vii and 262 (ii) pages including half-title and publisher's ad leaf at rear. Covers scuffed, lacking some spine segments, minor peeling at edges, text still good, solid with moderate browning throughout, mild foxing. Provenance- 1785 ink ownership of Luke Morris, Jr. At front free endpaper and at first leaf of text, later pencil and ink ownership signatures at front pastedown. Evans 14801. Sabin 32702. First volume (all published, of four intended) from 1774 London initial edition (two volumes in 4to) , text was meant not "for the learned; they are above it: Nor for the vulgar; they are below it. It is intended for men, who ... Are bent on useful knowledge; who, even in the delirium of youth, feel the dawn of patriotism, and who, in riper years, enjoy its meridian wealth." Kames and Adam Smith were the chief 18th Scottish exponents of the historical method in jurisprudence and moral philosophy. This volume introduced Americans to the developing science of natural history, coupled with what can best be described as knowledge gained from observation and experience without preconceptions or intransigent religious or moral biases. Quite scarce: no copies in recorded auction records of the last several decades; only one copy cited in OCLC (but there are copies at AAS, Library Company of Philadelphia, and the Library of Congress). Morris (1760-1802) was commissioned as a captain in the Fifth Battalion, Philadelphia Militia, in 1785. His house, "Peckham", was in Southwark. His widow moved to Germantown where she raised their son and five daughters; one daughter, Elizabeth Carrington Morris, became a noted American botanist (working with Asa Gray) , and another daughter, Susan Sophia Morris, married John Stockton Littell who edited several volumes dealing with the Revolutionary War. The later signatures at the front pastedown are those of Susan Littell, and her son, T. Gardner Littell, who was to be a minister in Dover. Graphic of Title Page available. .

      [Bookseller: poor mans books]
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        THEORIE DES JARDINS

      Paris: Pissot, 1776.. 1st edn. 8vo. Rebound in recent gilt lettered quarter brown calf on marbled paper-laid boards (Fine). Pp. 397 (new endpapers; some light spotting to pages edges; no inscriptions). .

      [Bookseller: Rothwell & Dunworth Ltd]
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        Opera quaedam reliqua (Vortitel: Opera quaedam geometrica. Post mortem ejus impensis Philippi Comitis Stanhope impressa). Scilicet, I. Apollonii Pergoli de sectione determinata libri II restituti, duobus insuper libris aucti. II. Porismatum liber ... III. De logarithmis liber. IV. De limitibus quantitatum et rationum, fragmentum. V. Appendix pauca continens problemata ad illustrandam praecipue veterum geometrarum analysin. Nunc primum post auctoris mortem in lucem edita cura Jacobi Clow

      Glasgow, Foulis 1776. 24 cm. (4), 10, (2), 594, 34, (2), 33, (3 w.), 23, (1 w.) Seiten mit Kupfer-Porträt von A. Baillie nach de Nune und zahlreichen Textfiguren. Festeinband, Ledereinband der Zeit mit floraler Rückenvergold., vergold. Supralibros und farbig Rückensch. - Brunet V, 399 - Encycl. Brit. 11.ed. 25, 137 - Cantor III, 509 - Lowndes IX, 2403 - Erstausgabe. Aus dem Nachlaß des berühmten schottischen Mathematikers herausgegeben, auf Kosten des Herausgebers, nicht für den Handel, gedruckt. "Simson's contributions to mathematical knowledge took the form of critical editions and commentaries on the works of the ancient geometers ... After his death restorations of Apollonius's treatise "De sectione determinata" and of Euclid's treatise "De porismatibus" were printed for private circulation in 1776 at the expense of Earl Stanhope ... The volume contains also dissertations on "Logarithms" and on the "Limit of Quantities and Ratios", and a few problems illustrative of the ancient geometrical analysis" (Encycl. Brit.) Kanten leicht berieben, Gelenke restauriert, sonst gut erhaltenes und fleckenfreies Exemplar. Die Supralibri in Goldprägung zeigen vor einem bekrönten Wappenmantel das Wappenschild, darauf quer ein Schachbalken, um das Wappenschild der Spruch "Honi Soit Qui Mal Y Pense"; auf dem Innnendeckel gestochenes Exlibris mit bekröntem 8teiligem Wappenschild, ein großes und 2 kleine Felder wiederum mit dem Schachbalken, 3 Felder mit Löwen, 1 Feld mit Kreuzen. - Sprache / Language: Lateinisch / Latin -

      [Bookseller: Wenner Antiquariat]
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        A Plan of the Attack of Fort Sulivan, near Charles Town in South Carolina. by a Squadron of His Majesty's Ships, on the 28th June 1776. with the Disposition of the King's Land Forces, and the Encampments and Entrenchments of the Rebels from the Drawings made on the Spot

      London: "Printed and sold by William Faden, Successor to the late Mr. Thomas Jefferies, Geographer to the King...", 10th August 1776. Copper- engraved map, engraved one-line dedication to Sir Peter Parker and letterpress text in two columns beneath the map. Inset plan of the fort. 20 7/8 x 16 1/2 inches. Extremely rare first issue of a separately- published Revolutionary War broadside battle plan depicting a critical altercation near Charleston, South Carolina. This highly important and finely engraved and letterpress broadside map captures the dramatic action surrounding the British naval assault on Fort Sullivan (called here "Sulivan"), the strategic key to Charleston. In the Spring of 1776, South Carolina had fallen into the firm possession of the Americans, a reality the British were determined to challenge. They dispatched a fleet of twenty ships (although only nine were armed) under Commodore Peter Parker, manned by marines, with the mission under the overall command of Maj. General Sir Henry Clinton. The ships moored in Five Fathom Hole, and landed on Long Island, which lay to the north of Sullivan's Island. Meanwhile, practical considerations indicated that the Patriot defenders were in considerable trouble. Led by Col. William Moultrie, the Americans were short of experienced troops and ammunition. Fort Sullivan, located on the southern tip of the island of the same name had to be held, otherwise Charleston would surely fall. While the elegant plan of the fort, located in the inset at the upper left of the map, makes it appear to be a well designed bastion, it was in reality cobbled together with palmetto logs. Moultrie had a total of 1,125 men against the 2,900 British marines. More worryingly, the fort had only 26 guns, with only 28 rounds of ammunition per gun against the British fleet's 270 well-stocked cannon. Fortunately for the Americans, the British proceeded to make a series of strategic errors. Clinton, who relied on information given by harbour pilots who were press-ganged into service, spent days looking for a non-existent ford between Long and Sullivan's Island, which in reality was prevented by the presence of a seven foot deep channel. This bought the Americans time, which allowed American Col. William Thomson to fortify the northern tip of the island, as indicated on the map. On June 28th, the British mounted their full on naval assault of the fort, as indicated on the map by the ships shown grouped together just off of the fort, with each ship being named and detailed with its number of guns. Moultrie wisely rationed and synchronized the use of his limited firepower, such that the British met heavier than expected resistance. Unfamiliar with the tidal shoals that lay near the fort, the British ships were unable to sail in close enough to the fort to deliver lethal blows, while remaining in range of the American guns. Amazingly, many of the British rounds which did strike the fort were harmlessly absorbed into the structure's spongy palmetto logs. The British flagship HMS Bristol took heavy losses, and another ship ran aground and had to be abandoned. Another British attempt to storm Thomson's northern positions with a raid by long boats was easily repelled. The British were forced to completely withdraw, and promptly set sail for New York. This copy is the very rare first state (of four known issues) of the map, which was the first Revolutionary battle plan to be drafted by William Faden. The text in two columns is found only on this issue and gives an account of the action taken from a letter by Parker to Lieutenant General Clinton. This issue was separately published as a broadside giving news of the battle to a British audience eager for information about the war; later issues, without text, appeared in Faden's North American Atlas. Nebenzahl, Atlas of the American Revolution, map 8; Nebenzahl, A Bibliography of Printed Battle Plans of the American Revolution 1775-1795, 64; Stevens & Tree, "Comparative Cartography," 14(a), in Tooley, The Mapping of America.

      [Bookseller: Donald Heald Rare Books]
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        Les A Propos de Societé ou Chansons de M.L**** Tom. I [II]. [Subtitle]: Together with: Les A Propos de La Folie ou Chansons Grotesques, Grivoises et Annonces de Parade

      [Paris]. [1776]. 3 volumes. Octavo. Contemporary gilt-ruled mottled calf with spines in decorative compartments gilt, triple gilt rules to boards, marbled edges. 1f. (title), [iii]-x, 1f. (engraved plate), 302 pp.; 1f. (title), 1f. (engraved plate), 316 pp.; 1f. (title), [iii]-vi, 1f. (engraved plate), 319, [i] pp. With errata to all three volumes. & & With fine engraved pictorial frontispieces, title pages and smaller engravings, after Moreau, throughout, including charming depictions of contemporary French society. Head- and tailpieces throughout. With the small bookplate of Douglas Maxwell Moffatt to front pastedowns of each volume. & & Contains the melody and text to 264 chansons.& & Slightly worn, rubbed and bumped; spines slightly chipped at head and tail. Spotting to several leaves in Vol. III; some minor foxing. A very good and attractive copy overall. . First Edition. Lesure p. 661. RISM Recueils BII p. 97 (one copy of all three volumes in the U.S. and Great Britain).& & An elegantly-printed collection.

      [Bookseller: J & J Lubrano Music Antiquarians LLC]
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        A DISCOURSE UPON SOME LATE IMPROVEMENTS OF THE MEANS FOR PRESERVING THE HEALTH OF MARINERS. DELIVERED AT THE ANNIVERSARY MEETING OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY

      London: Printed for the Royal Society, 1776.. [4],44pp. Half title. Small quarto. 20th-century three- quarter calf over marbled boards, gilt label. Leaf C4 (signed C3) a cancel, as usual. Occasional minor foxing, ink stain on p.2. A very good copy, bound with five other works by Pringle, listed below. Extremely rare. One of the most significant of all the printed works relating to Cook's voyages and their importance. This is the first appearance in print of Cook's epoch- making account of the successful measures taken against scurvy on his first two voyages. There were several later versions and translations, but the original edition of this milestone publication has long been acknowledged as a major rarity. The paper on scurvy was read to the Royal Society by its president, Sir John Pringle (in the absence of Cook himself, then just beginning his final voyage), as the year's Copley medal award winner, and immediately published in this form. Pringle's long presentation address, quoting directly from Cook and other sources, is followed by Cook's paper and an extract from a letter by Cook to Pringle written from Plymouth Sound in July 1776. The paper subsequently appeared in the official account of the second voyage and in the PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS of the Royal Society. In 1783 a series of six of Pringle's discourses at the annual presentations of the Copley medal was published in one volume. "In Pringle's discourse on preserving the health of mariners he includes the first printing of Captain Cook's important paper entitled: 'The Method taken for preserving the Health of the Crew of His Majesty's Ship the Resolution during her late Voyage round the World.' In this paper, which Cook communicated to Pringle, President of the Royal Society, Cook describes the supplies carried on the voyage and his maintenance of the cleanliness of his ship and crew. It was included by Pringle in his discourse commemorating Cook's receipt of the Copley medal" - Norman sale. The winning of the battle against scurvy was one of the most important achievements in the general field of exploration. It made possible the major voyages that followed. As Robert Hughes so aptly put it in THE FATAL SHORE: "malt juice and pickled cabbage put Europeans in Australia as microchip circuitry would put Americans on the moon." This copy is very appropriately accompanied by five other Royal Society discourses of the period. A DISCOURSE... is here bound chronologically with five other Pringle first editions: A DISCOURSE ON THE DIFFERENT KINDS OF AIR (1774), A DISCOURSE ON THE TORPEDO (1775), A DISCOURSE ON THE ATTRACTION OF MOUNTAINS (1775), A DISCOURSE ON THE INVENTION AND IMPROVEMENTS OF THE REFLECTING TELESCOPE (1778), and A DISCOURSE ON THE THEORY OF GUNNERY (1778). The Streeter- Norman copy of the DISCOURSE...FOR PRESERVING THE HEALTH OF MARINERS was also bound with these five additional works by Pringle. STREETER SALE 2410. NORMAN SALE 378. GARRISON-MORTON 2156, 3714. BEDDIE 1290. HOLMES 20. KROEPELIEN 1065.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        THE JOURNALS OF THE PROCEEDINGS OF CONGRESS. HELD AT PHILADELPHIA, FROM JANUARY TO MAY, 1776

      Philadelphia: Printed by R. Aitken, 1776.. Four parts bound in one volume. [2],93; 70; 73-146; 147-237pp. Original drab paper boards. Corners lightly worn, some soiling. Text lightly toned with some scattered foxing. Closed tear to p.113 of third part. Discreet library release stamp on rear pastedown. Very good, in original condition. Untrimmed. In a half morocco box. Through 1775 the Bradford family had the contract to print the Journals of Congress, but beginning with these Journals the contract was moved to Robert Aitken. He issued these Journals in monthly parts, although whole runs generally disposed with the monthly titles issued in February and March (as here; none were issued in January and April). After April, Aitken was told to cease publication. According to his "Waste Book" at the Library Company of Philadelphia, Aitken sold a total of eighty copies of this edition. In the fall of 1776, Congress charged Aitken to reprint all of its earlier Journals from 1774 through April 1776 as the first volume of a collected journals of Congress. With this publication in the works (it ultimately appeared with a 1777 imprint), Aitken disposed of the leftover original January to April edition as waste paper to the Army to be used for cartridges - hence the name "Cartridge Paper" edition. Given that only eighty copies survived, this is possibly the rarest of all early Journals of Congress. Needless to say, the Journals of the first four months of 1776 cover some of the most critical early moments of the Revolution. Included are communications with Washington at Boston, provisions for raising troops and supplies to fight the war, the beginning of sanctioning privateering, discussion of Indian relations, information from and letters to Committees of Correspondence, first actions against Loyalists, discussions of the failure of the assault on Canada, and many other things relative to the conduct of the war. EVANS 15145.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        JOURNAL OF THE VOTES AND PROCEEDINGS, AS WELL OF THE COMMITTEE OF SAFETY, AT A SITTING IN JANUARY, 1776, AS THE PROVINCIAL CONGRESS OF NEW-JERSEY, AT A SITTING AT NEW-BRUNSWICK, BEGAN JANUARY 31, AND CONTINUED TO THE SECOND DAY OF MARCH FOLLOWING. PUBLISHED BY ORDER

      New-York: Printed by John Anderson, 1776.. 146,[1]pp. Gathered signatures, string-tied, as issued. Slight abrasion along gutter of titlepage. Occasional light tanning, final four leaves stained. Ink ownership stamp on one text page. Tear in upper margin of leaf H, affecting four words. Overall, very good. In original condition, untrimmed. In a blue half morocco and cloth box. The rare journal of the votes and proceedings of the New Jersey Provincial Congress, from January 9 to March 2, 1776. The Provincial Congress sat at Princeton January 9-13, then reconvened at New Brunswick through the month of February. Most of the actions taken deal with the mechanics of taking control of the government, and in particular military preparedness, including the appointment of officers in the New Jersey militia, the incarceration of prisoners of war, the problems posed by Loyalists, the disposition of captured naval prizes, and assistance to forces in New York. There is also much correspondence with New Jersey county committees, other state committees, and the Continental Congress. A critical chronicle of the New Jersey road to independence. The Congress had this work printed by patriot printer John Anderson in New York, presumably in March 1776. No copy has appeared at auction since the Thomas Streeter copy in 1967 ($800 to Nebenzahl). EVANS 14913. NAIP w019964. SABIN 53139. STREETER SALE 925.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        [MANUSCRIPT DOCUMENT IN THE HAND OF RICHARD HENRY LEE, SIGNED BY HIM AND BY HIM ON BEHALF OF FRANCIS LIGHTFOOT LEE AND THOMAS NELSON, JR., RELATING TO EFFORTS TO RESOLVE THE CONFLICT OVER THE PENNSYLVANIA-VIRGINIA BOUNDARY]

      [Philadelphia. June 1776].. [1]p. manuscript on a folio sheet. Sheet inlaid. Several tape repairs on verso, mostly to repair closed tears along folds. A few small chips in the right margin, touching a letter of text. Faint dampstains. Good. In a half morocco and cloth folding case, spine gilt. A highly important manuscript document relating to the long-standing dispute regarding the Pennsylvania- Virginia boundary. This document, undated but written in June 1776, shows the divisiveness that existed between two of the most important American colonies on the eve of the Declaration of Independence, and the efforts being made to resolve it by some of the leading supporters of independence. By the summer of 1776 the Pennsylvania- Virginia boundary had been in dispute for nearly a century. In fact, the issue was not definitively settled until the Civil War and the creation of the state of West Virginia. The issue originated in the ambiguous terms of the 1681 grant to William Penn, which conflicted with Virginia's claim to lands "from sea to sea, west and northwest," over any territory not covered by royal grants. Prior to the French and Indian War of the 1750s, Virginia claimed most of what is now southwestern Pennsylvania, and attempted to settle it. The surveying of the Mason-Dixon line the following decade did little to alleviate the dispute, as it indicated that Pennsylvania extended some distance west of the Allegheny Mountains. In 1773, Pennsylvania established Westmoreland County in the disputed territory, and the following year Virginia took possession of Fort Pitt and the Westmoreland County seat, arresting the justices who refused to recognize the jurisdiction of Virginia. The dispute almost boiled into open warfare in 1774-75, as the last colonial governor, Lord Dunmore, sought to bring the Virginia frontier under control. In 1776, Pennsylvania proposed that a temporary boundary, "as nearly correspondent to the true one as possible such as will 'do no injury to either party,'" should be established. The present document is the response of three of the Virginia delegates to the Continental Congress, who received the proposal. The document is in the hand of Richard Henry Lee, who has signed it himself, and has also added the signatures of two of his fellow Virginia delegates, Thomas Nelson, Jr., and his brother, Francis Lightfoot Lee. The text reads: "The Virginia Delegates have received the proposal for establishing a temporary boundary between the States of Virginia and Pennsylvania and for answer, say, their power is ended; having been expressly limited to the line already proposed to the honorable Convention of the State of Pennsylvania as a temporary boundary. That they will without delay transmit the proposal of the honorable Committee to the Governor and Council of the Commonwealth of Virginia, in order to its being laid before the General Assembly that meets early in October next; and in the mean time they wish that the influence of both governments may be exerted to preserve friendship and peace between the people of both States on the controverted Boundary." At the time this proposal was considered, Richard Henry Lee, Francis Lightfoot Lee, and Thomas Nelson, Jr. were all representing Virginia in the Second Continental Congress, and all three men would affix their signatures to the Declaration of Independence the following month. Richard Henry Lee, in fact, formally put forth the motion on June 7, calling on the Congress to declare independence. A highly important step on the road to independence, suspending a dramatic conflict between two of the leading colonies about to become the United States.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        Oca di vario colore d:Lombardella [Multi-coloured Goose] [Pl. 560]

      [Florence: Giuseppe Vanni, 1776]. Etching, with engraving, coloured by hand, after Vanni, Lorenzi or Manetti. Very good condition apart from some very light foxing. 12 1/4 x 10 1/2 inches. 18 x 14 inches. A fine image from "one of the half-dozen or so great bird books" (Fine Bird Books). This beautiful plate comes from 'Storia naturale degli uccelli', of which Peter Dance writes "The production of its five massive folio volumes must have been one of the most remarkable publishing ventures ever undertaken in Florence. Begun in 1767, and [based on birds taken from the collection of Giovanni Gerini], it was completed ten years later. It was larger, better engraved and more vividly coloured than any previous work on birds, but these are not its only claim to fame. The attitudes of the birds themselves give this book its unique character. Strutting, parading, posturing, and occasionally flying....are birds whose real-life counterparts would surely disown them, and not without reason, for Manetti seems in these pictures to be depicting the human comedy, the habits and mannerisms of contemporary Italian society. His book may still be rated among the very greatest bird books, if only for its magnificent comicality" (S. Peter Dance, The Art of Natural History: Animal Illustrators and their Work. London: 1978) Cf. Dance 70; cf. Fine Bird Books (1990) p.92; cf. Nissen IVB 588; cf. Wood p.450; cf. Zimmer p.241

      [Bookseller: Donald Heald Rare Books]
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        Voyage en Sicile et a Malthe, fait en l'année 1770. Trad. de l'Anglois par M. DEMEUNIER

      Amsterdam, Harrevelt 1776.. Ed. revue & corrigée, sur la troisieme faite en Angleterre: dans laquelle en a rétabli tous les passages tronqués, ou entièrement omis par le Traducteur. 2 Bde. in 1 geb. Tit., XVI, 300 (4); 2 Bll., 2 Bll., 260 (4) S. Mit 1 mehrf. gefalt. Kupferkarte u. 1 gefalt. Kupfertaf. HLdr. d. Zt. m. goldgepr. Rückensch. Cox I, 143; vgl. Mira I, 133; Graesse I, 560 - Erschienen ein Jahr nach der ersten franz. Ausgabe. Die EA erschien in London 1773 (vgl. Graesse). Enthält auch die in der Pariser Ausgabe vom Übersetzer ausgelassenen Teile. Die Karte zeigt die Liparischen Inseln, Sizilien und Malta. Die in briefstellerischer Form verfaßte Reisebeschreibung berichtet von Naturereignissen wie Ausbrüchen des Ätna, Erdbeben etc., Schilderungen v. Syrakus, Malta, Agrigente, Palermo u. den dort befindlichen Antiquitäten; vom Fest der Hl. Rosalia; vom Fischfang, Banditenwesen, landwirtschafltichen Erzeugnissen in Sizilien u.v.m.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Burgverlag]
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        Common Sense; Addressed to the Inhabitants of America, on the following interesting Subjects

      Philadelphia Printed, Newbury Port, Reprinted, By John Mycall, and to be Sold at the Printing Office, [1776]. 61,[1]pp. Gathered signatures, stitched, as issued. Untrimmed. Some soiling and contemporary ink markings to half title and titlepage. In a red morocco slip case. A wonderful contemporary American edition of Thomas Paine's famous Common Sense. One of the dozen such editions produced in America in 1776 after the initial Philadelphia editions issued by Bell and Bradford, All American editions from 1776 are quite rare, and many provincial editions such as this are possibly rarer than the first ones. Common Sense was first issued by the Philadelphia printer Bell on January 9, 1776. By Feb. 14, Bell had issued a third edition, but Paine had deserted his original publisher for W. and T. Bradford, who had gone along with his wishes in adding considerable material to the text, increasing it "upwards of one Third." It is this Bradford text, with several appendices and "An Address to the People Called Quakers" which was reprinted in the present Newburyport edition. It is impossible to fix the point of issue of the Newburyport edition, but it appears in two forms, one with the imprint of Samuel Phillips of Andover, and one with the imprint as here, for John Mycall, a resident of Newburyport and the actual printer. It was probably issued in the early spring however, since Paine had invited other printers to republish it, and it was almost instantly famous. It is almost unnecessary to comment on the importance of Common Sense. The political rhetoric of Paine inflamed the desire for independence, calling for it in clear language which swept the country like wildfire. The editors of the Grolier 100 remark, "It is not too much to say that the Declaration of Independence...was due more to Paine's Common Sense than to any other single piece of writing." Grolier American 100, 14; Gimbel CS-42; Howes P17; Evans 14961; American Independence 222o; DAB XIII, pp.398-99.

      [Bookseller: Donald Heald Rare Books]
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        COMMON SENSE; ADDRESSED TO THE INHABITANTS OF AMERICA, ON THE FOLLOWING INTERESTING SUBJECTS

      Philadelphia, Printed; Newbury Port, Reprinted, by John Mycall, and to be Sold at the Printing Office, [1776].. 61,[1]pp. Half title. Gathered signatures, stitched, as issued. Some soiling and contemporary ink markings on half title and titlepage, else very good. Untrimmed. In a red morocco slipcase. A wonderful contemporary American edition of Thomas Paine's famous COMMON SENSE, one of the dozen such editions produced in America in 1776 after the initial Philadelphia editions issued by Bell and Bradford. All American editions from 1776 are quite rare, and many provincial editions such as this are possibly rarer than the first ones. COMMON SENSE was first issued by Philadelphia printer Bell on January 9, 1776. By Feb. 14, Bell had issued a third edition, but Paine had deserted his original publisher for W. and T. Bradford, who had gone along with his wishes in adding considerable material to the text, increasing it "upwards of one Third." It is this Bradford text, with several appendices and "An Address to the People Called Quakers," which was reprinted in the present Newburyport edition. It is impossible to fix the point of issue of the Newburyport edition, but it appears in two forms: one with the imprint of Samuel Phillips of Andover; and one with the imprint as here, for John Mycall, a resident of Newburyport and the actual printer. It was probably issued in the early spring, however, since Paine had invited other printers to republish it, and it was almost instantly famous. It is almost unnecessary to comment on the importance of COMMON SENSE. The political rhetoric of Paine inflamed the desire for independence, calling for it in clear language which swept the country like wildfire. The editors of the GROLIER AMERICAN HUNDRED remark: "It is not too much to say that the Declaration of Independence...was due more to Paine's COMMON SENSE than to any other single piece of writing." GROLIER AMERICAN 100, 14. GIMBEL CS-42. HOWES P17. EVANS 14961. AMERICAN INDEPENDENCE 222o. DAB XIII, pp.398-99.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        THE CONSTITUTION OF THE COMMON-WEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA, AS ESTABLISHED BY THE GENERAL CONVENTION ELECTED FOR THAT PURPOSE, AND HELD AT PHILADELPHIA, JULY 15th, 1776, AND CONTINUED BY ADJOURNMENTS TO SEPTEMBER 28, 1776

      Philadelphia: Printed by John Dunlap, 1776.. 32pp. Bound to style in antique half calf and marbled boards, spine gilt, leather label. A fine copy. The first independent state constitution issued in the wake of the Declaration of Independence, the Pennsylvania Constitution was a resounding victory for those who believed in direct popular rule. It was adopted by the end of September, 1776, and was printed by John Dunlap, printer of the first broadside printing of the Declaration of Independence. "Meeting a scant ten days after the adoption of the Declaration of Independence at independence Hall, the Convention, whose President was Benjamin Franklin, framed one of the most liberal of all early constitutions, providing for a unicameral legislative system with executive power vested in a President. The preamble inveighs against the King and his cruel, vengeful and unjust war against the Colonies, ‘employing therein not only the troops of Great Britain, but foreign mercenaries, savages, and slaves, for the avowed purpose of reducing them to a total and object submission to despotic domination, with many other acts of tyranny'" - Eberstadt. The Constitution provided for broad sufferage (any adult male who paid taxes), annual elections, terms limits, weekly publication of the proceedings of the legislature, and other measures to insure broadly popular representation. The first edition of the Pennsylvania Constitution is extremely rare. OCLC, which locates copies of the 1777, 1781, and 1784 editions, seems to offer only microform entries for the first edition. ESTC gives only eleven locations. Other than one other copy we have handled, the Eberstadts offered the only copy that we have been able to identify on the market in the last fifty years in their Constitution catalogue in 1964 ($600), with no copy recorded at auction during that period. Rare and important. SABIN 60014. EVANS 14979. EBERSTADT 166:127. ESTC W30512. HILDEBURN 3350. HARVARD TERCENTENNIAL EXHIBITION 49.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        The American Military Pocket Atlas; Being An approved Collection of Correct Maps, Both General And Particular, Of The British Colonies; Especially those which now are, or probably may be The Theatre Of War:

      London, 1776. Hardcover. Very Good. 8vo - over 7¾ - 9¾" tall. Octavooriginal marbled paper over boards, quite worn; rebacked with red morocco label; 18th c.? bookplate of W. Miller inside front cover; 6 maps including Lake Champlain on heavy paper, minor fold wear, moderate foxing to 3 maps; overall very good condition.A well-preserved example, with maps on heavy paper, of an atlas carried by British officers during the American Revolution. As Schwartz observes, "the maps that the British high command regarded as providing essential topographical information in the most convenient form were collated in The American Military Atlas." Known as "The Holster Atlas," this unique compendium of maps "forms A Portable Atlas of North America, calculated in its Bulk and Price to suit the Pockets of Officers of all Ranks." ("Advertisement" in the atlas).The atlas's three major regional maps of the Northern, Middle and Southern colonies are the first three maps pictured in Nebenzahl's Atlas of the American Revolution. They all reflect an attempt to update the best available English maps of these areas. Perhaps the most important of the three, and the one least frequently seen on the market as a separate, is Bernard Romans' map of the Southeast. It did not appear in any other atlases in this first edition, as the other two maps did. It provided the first generally accurate map of East and West Florida, incorporating the works of De Brahm, Mouzon, Collet, as well as Romans' own 1774 landmark maps of Florida and the Gulf Coast, which are known in just a few copies.Another very important map in the atlas is the first state of the Brasier of Lake Champlain (with an inset of Lake George), site of the War's first naval engagement. This finely engraved work is also the first separate, printed map of Lake Champlain.Schwartz/ Ehrenberg, Mapping of America, p. 190; Nebenzahl, K. Atlas of the American Revolution, pp. 11-17; Phillips Atlases 1206, 1343.

      [Bookseller: Martayan Lan, Inc.]
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        An Excursion to the Lakes in Westmoreland and Cumberland; With a Tour Through Part of the Northern Counties in the Years 1773 and 1774

      London: J. Wilkie and W. Charnley, 1776. [2], 382pp, [4]. Contemporary full calf, raised bands, spine in six panels, morocco title label to second panel, bands bordered by gilt double rule, gilt roll to edges. Chipped to head of spine, outer joints slightly split, but holding well, small amount of loss towards head of front cover, edges rubbed. Internally very lightly browned, but generally quite bright and clean. Signature E misbound but complete. 19 plates (18 folding) as called for. Bicknell notes that it "incorporates 'An Excursion of 1773' (Bicknell 6), with little alteration ... to it is added an excursion to other parts of Cumberland, Hexham and parts of Durham and Yorkshire." There were no plates in the earlier edition, Bicknell 7, Upcott pg 120. First Edition. Full Calf. Good. 8vo.

      [Bookseller: Temple Rare Books]
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        A Topographical Description of such parts of North America as are contained in the (annexed) map of the Middle British Colonies, &c. in North America

      London: J. Almon, 1776. Folio. (17 3/4 x 10 5/8 inches). Engraved folding map. Expertly bound to style in half 18th century russia over contemporary marbled paper covered boards, flat spine divided into seven compartments with gilt double filets, red morocco lettering piece in the second compartment. One of the most important works issued at the time of the American Revolution, here complete with the rare map partially-printed from the same plate as the famed 1755 Lewis Evans's map printed by Benjamin Franklin. In 1753, Thomas Pownall came to America as the private secretary to Sir Danvers Osborn, the newly appointed colonial governor of New York. Shortly after arriving, however, Osborn died, leaving Pownall without a post. Curious about the colonies, however, Pownall remained in America, travelling widely in the region. Evidently of great enthusiasm and intelligence, Pownall met many of the most influential men in America at that time, including Benjamin Franklin. From this relationship, he was able to attend the 1754 Albany Conference and became involved in Indian affairs in the colony. Through that work and his relationship with Franklin, Pownall met surveyor Lewis Evans and in 1755, Evans published his famed Map of the Middle British Colonies, printed by Franklin and dedicated to Pownall. The map, the most accurate of the region at the time, was enormously influential, with multiple piracies being issued in London, and famously used by General Braddock during the French and Indian War. "A great change came over the fortunes of Evans' map in 1776. In that year Thomas Pownall, who had spent much time in America as Governor of Massachusetts Bay and South Carolina, and Lieut. Governor of New Jersey, published a folio volume entitled, A Topographical Description of such parts of North America ... Pownall, after his return from America continued to take the greatest interest in the welfare of the Colonies ... The increasing public interest taken in the affairs of the Colonies at the outbreak of the Revolution, doubtless prompted the publication of the Topographical Description. That work may be described as a new and much enlarged edition of both Evans' Map and his 'Analysis' [the text accompanying the Evans's map] of 1755. As to the map, Pownall appears to have been in possession of the original Evans plate engraved by Jas. Turner in Philadelphia, and he uses it as the basis of his improved map..." (Stevens). Indeed, much of the cartography of the western parts of Evans's original map remained unchanged in the 1776 Pownall edition, save for the significant addition of the routes of Christopher Gist and Harry Gordon. This addition is augmented by the publication in the appendix of Gist's journal of his 1750-51 journey through a portion of present day Ohio, Kentucky and on through North Carolina - the first publication of that important inland exploration. The most significant addition to Evans original map is east of Philadelphia, where Pownall has extended the plate to encompass all of New England, with the coast as far north as Nova Scotia. The cartography of this portion is derived from a number of sources, but includes Pownall's own explorations into the interior of Vermont and Maine, as well as the surveys conducted on behalf of Massachusetts Colonial Governor Sir Francis Bernard. Pownall's Topographical Description and its important map gives the best picture of the interior of North America as it was understood in the year of American independence. Howes P543("b"); Streeter Sale 826; Buck 28a; Bell P470; Sabin 64835; Vail 651; Graff 3341; Stevens, Lewis Evans His Map, VI; cf. Klinefelter, Lewis Evans and His Maps (Philadelphia, 1971).

      [Bookseller: Donald Heald Rare Books]
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        A PLAN OF THE ATTACK OF FORT SULIVAN [sic], NEAR CHARLES TOWN IN SOUTH CAROLINA. BY A SQUADRON OF HIS MAJESTY'S SHIPS, ON THE 28th JUNE 1776. WITH THE DISPOSITION OF THE KING'S LAND FORCES, AND THE ENCAMPMENTS AND ENTRENCHMENTS OF THE REBELS FROM THE DRAWINGS MADE ON THE SPOT

      London: "Printed and sold by William Faden, Successor to the late Mr. Thomas Jefferies, Geographer to the King...," Aug. 10, 1776.. Copper-engraved map, engraved one-line dedication to Sir Peter Parker and letterpress text in two columns beneath the map. Inset plan of the fort. Sheet size: 20 7/8 x 16 1/2 inches. Very good. An extremely rare first issue of a separately published Revolutionary War broadside battle plan depicting a critical altercation near Charleston, South Carolina. This highly important and finely engraved and letterpress broadside map captures the dramatic action surrounding the British naval assault on Fort Sullivan (called here "Sulivan"), the strategic key to Charleston. In the Spring of 1776, South Carolina had fallen into the firm possession of the Americans, a reality the British were determined to challenge. They dispatched a fleet of twenty ships (although only nine were armed) under Commodore Peter Parker, manned by marines, with the mission under the overall command of Major General Sir Henry Clinton. The ships moored in Five Fathom Hole, and landed on Long Island, which lay to the north of Sullivan's Island. Meanwhile, practical considerations indicated that the Patriot defenders were in considerable trouble. Led by Col. William Moultrie, the Americans were short of experienced troops and ammunition. Fort Sullivan, located on the southern tip of the island of the same name, had to be held, otherwise Charleston would surely fall. While the elegant plan of the fort, located in the inset at the upper left of the map, makes it appear to be a well designed bastion, it was in reality cobbled together with palmetto logs. Moultrie had a total of 1,125 men against 2,900 British marines. More worryingly, the fort had only twenty-six guns, with only twenty-eight rounds of ammunition per gun against the British fleet's 270 well stocked cannon. Fortunately for the Americans, the British proceeded to make a series of strategic errors. Clinton, who relied on information given by harbor pilots who were press-ganged into service, spent days looking for a non- existent ford between Long and Sullivan's Island, which in reality was prevented by the presence of a seven-foot deep channel. This bought the Americans time, which allowed American Col. William Thomson to fortify the northern tip of the island, as indicated on the map. On June 28th, the British mounted their full on naval assault of the fort, as indicated on the map by the ships shown grouped together just off of the fort, with each ship being named and detailed with its number of guns. Moultrie wisely rationed and synchronized the use of his limited firepower, such that the British met heavier than expected resistance. Unfamiliar with the tidal shoals that lay near the fort, the British ships were unable to sail in close enough to the fort to deliver lethal blows, while remaining in range of the American guns. Amazingly, many of the British rounds which did strike the fort were harmlessly absorbed into the structure's spongy palmetto logs. The British flagship H.M.S. Bristol took heavy losses, and another ship ran aground and had to be abandoned. Another British attempt to storm Thomson's northern positions with a raid by long boats was easily repelled. The British were forced to completely withdraw, and promptly set sail for New York. This copy is the very rare first state (of four known issues) of the map, which was the first Revolutionary battle plan to be drafted by William Faden. The text in two columns is found only on this issue and gives an account of the action taken from a letter by Parker to Lieut. Gen. Clinton. This issue was separately published as a broadside giving news of the battle to a British audience eager for information about the war; later issues, without text, appeared in Faden's NORTH AMERICAN ATLAS. NEBENZAHL, ATLAS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION, map 8, p.60. NEBENZAHL, PRINTED BATTLE PLANS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION 64. Stevens & Tree, "Comparative Cartography" 14(a), in Tooley, THE MAPPING OF AMERICA.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        A SEA CHART OF THE GULF OF VENICE DESCRIBING ALL THE SEA COASTS AND ISLANDS CONTAINED THEREIN

      London: : Mount and Page,, 1776. 15-1/2" x 20"- 39.3 x 50.8 cm. Copper engraved map. Offsetting, stain to lower margin at Otranto, else very good. A very good sea chart of the eastern coast of Italy extending from Otranto in the south to Fruili in the north. Major cities such as Bari, Ancona, Ravenna, Venice and Trieste are noted as well as ports along the Dalmatian coast.

      [Bookseller: Webster's Fine Books & Maps, ABAC,ILAB]
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        Plan of the City of New York, in North America: Surveyed in the Years 1766 & 1767 [lower half only, depicting the theatre of war for the Battle of Long Island and with the view of New York]

      London: Jefferys & Faden, Jany. 12, 1776. Copper-engraved map and view, engraved by Thomas Kitchin, sectioned and linen-backed at a contemporary date. (Some separations at the folds). Provenance: Lieutenant General Hugh Percy, 2nd Duke of Northumberland (1742-1817, manuscript annotations in red on the map, inscription on verso "L:d Percy. Part of Long Island", Percy bookplate on verso). Housed in a black chemise and black morocco folding box. 23 1/4 x 34 1/4 inches. A key Revolutionary battle map used in the field: Lord Percy's annotated copy of part of the famed Ratzer Map of New York, with positions in the Battle of Long Island noted. A highly important Revolutionary battle map used in the field, the lower section of the famed Ratzer Map of New York, from the collection of General Hugh Percy, one of the key British officers in North America at the time, and one of the British commanders at the Battle of Long Island. In August 1776, Percy used and annotated this map to mark positions on Long Island (in what is now Brooklyn), in the course of the British Army soundly defeating the American forces led by George Washington. The Ratzer map is a cartographic masterpiece, the finest map of any American city produced in the 18th century, and is one of the most important iconographic symbols of the city of New York. Its artistic virtuosity and unrivalled accuracy define it as the apogee of a sequence of great maps of the city produced just before and during the Revolutionary War with a sharpness and sensitivity of draftsmanship that makes it stand alone from any other American maps of this period. Extremely rare, the present example is exceptional, used and annotated by a leading British officer at the critical Battle of Long Island in August, 1776. The Ratzer map originally was created because of concerns of the British military, during the Stamp Act crisis, over the security of the city and the need for an accurate map of Brooklyn and Manhattan. Drafted by the Swiss-born officer Bernard Ratzer in 1766 and 1767, it was by far the most accurate map of the area produced in the 18th century. In the printed map, a sweeping view, "A South West View of the City of New York Taken from Governor's Island" was added to the bottom of the map, providing a broad panorama of the city and its harbor, from the Jersey shore over to Brooklyn. It depicts a prosperous city, with many churches, and a port visited by numerous sailing vessels, linking New York to a grand network of international trade. Originally painted by a British officer, Thomas Davies, who produced a celebrated series of views of North America, it shows the city as it appeared around 1760. Above the view, in the lower half of the full map present here, is the cartouche and a detailed map of Brooklyn extending north to just below the present Brooklyn Bridge. Also shown is Governor's Island. This was the critical theatre in which Percy employed the map. The northern, Manhattan, section, not involved in the battle, is not present here. The Ratzer map was first published in London by Thomas Kitchin in 1776, but only two copies of this first issue survive today. The rising tide of the American Revolution led directly to the production of the second state of the map, as detailed cartography of key American cities became a military imperative. The original engraved plates were taken over by London's leading cartographic enterprise, Jefferys & Faden, who were already producing a series of important maps of the American colonies. They began the printing of the present map at the beginning of 1776 (their engraving is dated January 12, 1776). Aware that their position in Boston was untenable, the British Army and Navy were devising plans to invade Patriot-held New York, the most logical military base for subduing the rebellious colonies. The Ratzer map was the only map to accurately and in-depth depict the topography and placement of the New York harbor. Lord Percy's use of the map demonstrates the very important role it played in the development of strategy by British commanders during their successful capture of the city in August and September 1776. General Hugh Percy, Earl Percy, was one of the primary British commanders in North America in the early phases of the Revolution. He arrived in Boston in the summer of 1774 as the commander of the 5th Regiment of Foot. In April, 1775, he commanded the relief column sent out to rescue the British troops in their retreat from Lexington and Concord, and he is generally considered to have prevented disaster by his cool performance. Along with the rest of the British army he evacuated Boston for Halifax in March, 1776, and accompanied the expedition to seize New York, which landed on Staten Island in early July. Washington, in the meantime, left Boston shortly after the British did, and by mid-April was hard at work trying to fortify the city. In his greatest error of military judgment of the war, he placed the bulk of his army on Long Island, in modern Brooklyn, a strategy that left no clear line of retreat if his undisciplined troops were overwhelmed by the crack British troops. He placed his faith in forts and batteries on the Brooklyn shore and Brooklyn Heights, which he hoped would command the harbor. He continued to build these defenses as he and the British attempted to negotiate; by now news of the Declaration of Independence had reached both sides. On August 22 the British moved, landed 20,000 troops at Gravesend Bay in the next two days, outnumbering the Americans three-to-one. But, rather than attack directly, the British troops under Generals Clinton, Cornwallis, and Percy made a daring night march to Jamaica Plain, outflanking the American forts. They attacked before dawn on the 27th. The battle quickly became a rout, and it was left for Washington to salvage the catastrophe. This he managed to do, evacuating most of his army to Manhattan. Two weeks later the British struck again, seizing most of Manhattan, and concluding the campaign by taking Fort Washington, at the northern end of the island, in an operation commanded by Percy. Percy's copy of the Ratzer map is annotated in red ink to mark significant features of the Battle of Long Island. Numbers along the Brooklyn shore, in the Heights, and on Governor's Island mark the positions of American forts and batteries. Other numbers mark key points in the advance of the British troops after their night flanking operation. In all likelihood Percy carried this map with him, and the British benefited hugely from Ratzer's detailed and accurate cartography, just as they might have anticipated a decade earlier. The Battle of Long Island and the capture of Manhattan marked the end of Percy's American military career. He quarrelled with the British commander, Lord Howe, and went home in early 1777. He sat in Parliament until he succeeded his father as the 2nd Duke of Northumberland in 1786. This map, along with other relics of his military career, were preserved at the family seat of Alnwick Castle until sold by his descendants. An extraordinary battle map of the Revolution, owned and annotated by a key participant, employing one of the most celebrated pieces of American cartography, and containing the finest view of New York City of the era. Cumming "The Montresor-Ratzer-Sauthier Sequence of Maps of New York City, 1766-76", in Imago Mundi 31, pp.55-65, specifically map 9(b), pp.66-64; Déak, Picturing America, 121; Guthorn, British Maps of the American Revolution, 92/3; Schwartz & Ehrenberg, Mapping of America, p.192; Sellers & Van Ee, Maps & Charts of North America & West Indies, 1108; Stevens & Tree, "Comparative Cartography" in Tooley, The Mapping of America, 40(b); Stokes, Iconography of Manhattan Island I, p.341, pl.41; Manhattan in Maps, pp.73-77; Degrees of Latitude, 46.

      [Bookseller: Donald Heald Rare Books]
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        Marmora et adfines aliquos lapides coloribus suis

      Amsterdam: Johann Christian Sepp, 1776. 4to (285 x 221 mm). [6] ll. (title-leaf, letter to the reader in 5 different languages, each on a separate leaf), [102] pp., containing captions to plates in five languages, each section introduced by a section title (without the text to plates 69-94). 94 etched and engraved plates by Wirsing, containing a total of 533 figures showing cross-sections of different types of marble, all hand-colored by the artist or at his direction in watercolor and gouache; original tissue guards. (Trace of effaced inscription on title.) Contemporary Dutch sheep, flat spine gold-tooled in compartments, fawn calf gilt lettering-piece stamped "Collection des Marbres," floral patterned endpapers (loss to headcap, joints cracked, backstrip detaching at top). First polyglot edition of Wirsing's splendid and rare catalogue of marbles and related stones, a tour de force of hand-coloring in the service of scientific illustration; this copy with an unusually large number of plates. Wirsing, an engraver, publisher, and art dealer who specialized in scientific color illustration (he also published an important and rare work on birds' eggs), lavished immense care on these marvelously detailed illustrations of many different types of marble. One can infer from the small number of extant copies and the meticulousness of the coloring that Wirsing probably executed the coloring himself. Each figure is a veritable small painting, and the resemblance to works of twentieth-century and contemporary art is striking. The work was first published in parts, in 1775, at Nuremberg, and at Wirsing's expense, with each part reproducing the marbles of a different region, and with the text in Latin and German only. In this Amsterdam edition, which contains the same plates, and of which copies are found with the title in Dutch, French, or Latin, the number of languages has been expanded to five, adding Dutch, English and French, with the four vernacular captions printed in parallel columns and the Latin captions grouped at the bottom of each page. Attributed to Casimir Christoph Schmidel (1718-1792), the text (published only through plate 75, according to Brunet) consists of an introductory letter to the reader and brief explanatory notes on each sample of marble. Areas covered include several regions of Germany, Switzerland, Tyrol, southern France, and Italy. The plates are numbered both in reference to the relevant part (in roman numerals), and consecutively (in arabic numerals). Because of the geographical division, the number of plates and figures in each part varies widely: thus part 1, on the marbles of Bayreuth, contains plates 1-13, with six figures per plate, for a total of 78 figures, but part 7, on the Dendrites of Baden in Argau Switzerland (not technically marble, but included because of the "elegance and variety" of their patterns), contains only 3 plates (50-52), each with 2 or 4 figures, for a total of 8 figures. The method of publication explains the large variation in the number of plates in different copies; very few contain as many as the present copy, complete except for the final supplement of four plates. Only one or two copies are known with the full complement of 98 plates. This is a fine copy of this unusual work, with the rich, deep quality of the coloring impeccably preserved. Brunet 1V, 1243; Cobres II, p. 461, no. 44 (42 plates); Sinkankas 7281 (54 plates). For more information about this book, or a warm welcome to see it and other books in our library at 72nd Street, NYC, please contact Kate Hunter, M.A. Oxon, in the Rare Book Department, on 1 212 628 3668, or katehunter at aradergalleries dot com .

      [Bookseller: Arader Galleries]
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        BIBLIA, DAS IST: DIE HEILIGE SCHRIFT ALTES UND NEUES TESTAMENTS, NACH DER TEUTSCHEN UEBERSETZUNG D. MARTIN LUTHERS MIT JEDES CAPITELS FURTZEN SUMMARIEN, AUCH BENGEFÜGTEN VIELEN UND RICHTIGEN PARALLELEN

      Germantown: Christoph Saur, 1776.. [4],992,277,[3]pp. Quarto. Contemporary calf over wooden boards, clasps lacking. Hinges cracked but solid, extremities worn. Light foxing and soiling, moderate wear to first and last few leaves. Good. In a custom cloth box, gilt leather label. The third edition of the first European- language Bible printed in America, famously known as the "Gun-Wad Bible," after its use in the American Revolutionary War as cartridge paper during the Battle of Germantown. It is also notable for being the first Bible printed from type cast in America. Reputed to have been printed in an edition of 3000 copies, most are said to have been destroyed by the British during the battle. The present edition was printed by Christopher Saur II, son of Christoph Saur the elder, a native of Wittgenstein, Germany. The elder Saur emigrated to Germantown, Pennsylvania and practiced medicine before turning to printing. It was he who printed the 1743 first edition; the son then printed a second edition in 1763. EVANS 14663. HILDEBURN 3336. SABIN 5194.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        The Philosophical Works of David Hume

      The Philosophical Works of David Hume including all the essays, and exhibiting the most important alterations and corrections in the successive editions published by the author.  Complete in four volumes. Edinburgh: Printed for Adam Black and William Tait. 8vo (215mmx140mm). pp, [x], [cxxix], 347. [vii], 560. [vi], 579. [ix], 603. Engraving of Hume's Monument, Calton Hill.Includes a letter from Dr Adam Smith, LL.D. to William Strachan, esq. 1776. Includes Life of the Author By Himelf. "My Own Life". Also includes The Latter-Will and Testament of David Hume. Includes several letters between Hume and Rousseau.Professionally rebound in smooth brown calf over marbled bords. Gilt ruled compartments with titles and decor to spine. New pastedowns and endpieces. Red deckled edges. Newer bindings are tight, as new. Foxing, limited to first and last few pages only, else interiors are fine, clean, crisp and bright. No other interior markings or defects. An attractive fine minus set of Hume's philosophy.   

      [Bookseller: Dave Rottman Rare Books]
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        ARTE NUEVA DE ESCRIBIR

      Madrid: Antonio de Sancha, 1776. FIRST EDITION. Hardcover. 308 x 222 mm (12 1/8 x 8 3/4"). 1 p.l., xxviii, 136 pp., [1] leaf. FIRST EDITION. Contemporary quarter sheep over marbled boards, paper label on flat spine. Vignette initials and 40 FINE PLATES SHOWING EXAMPLES OF ELEGANT PENMANSHIP within frames containing a series of elaborate flourishes. Palau XX, 24. Corners and bottom edges of paper boards very worn, backstrip a bit dry, a little general wear and soiling to covers and spine (as well as one small ink splash on back board), isolated minor soiling and a few stray ink marks in the text, but the original fragile binding entirely sound, and a very attractive copy in general because EXTREMELY FINE INTERNALLY, with very fresh and clean plates and text, the latter within especially ample margins. This work comprises the first printing of an 18th century scholarly examination of the calligraphy of Pedro Diaz Morante (ca. 1566-1636), a Spanish calligrapher from Toledo whose work shows the influence of Italian writing masters of the period. It is an influential writing manual which marked a revival of the art of calligraphy in Spain. The style that Diaz Morante developed and taught appeared originally in the now excessively rare "Nueva Arte de Escribir" (1615), and the present work, the title of which echoes the earlier book, was inspired by it. It includes a study of Diaz Morante's technique by Francisco Xavier de Santiago Palomares, along with 40 elegant plates executed by Santiago Palomares in the calligraphic style of Diaz Morante. Santiago Palomares (1718 or 1728-96) was a paleographer and pioneer in the study of Spanish historical hands. He began his researches in the archives of Toledo, continued them at the Escorial library, and came to promote a national style of writing that could be executed with speed by systematic practice without deforming individual letters. In order to achieve this, he chose to develop and modify the hand of Diaz Morante as it appeared at the beginning of the 17th century. The fine plates showing samples of elegant and simple letters in various sizes are engraved by Francisco Asensio y Mejorada. The last specimen illustrated is the work of one of the author's young pupils, Maria Josefa Bahamonde, who at the age of 12 was able to write almost as well as a master. There are short sections devoted to the choice and cut of quills, the position of the pen, and the formation of letters modelled on examples provided.

      [Bookseller: Phillip J. Pirages Fine Books and Mediev]
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        CLAVE HISTORIAL, con que se abre la puerta a la historia eclesiastica, y politica, Chronologia de los Papas, y Emperadores, Reyes de España, Italia, y Francia, con los origenes de todas las Monarquias. Concilios, hereges, santos, escritores.

      Antonio de Sancha, Madrid 1776 - 21'5x16, grabado alegórico en portada, 20h, 440p, un árbol genealógico de la genealogía de los Césares (desde Cayo César hasta Nerón), varios grabados de monedas. Pergamino de época. Buen estado.

      [Bookseller: Librería Sagasta]
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        A map of the Province of New-York, reduc'd from the large drawing of that Province, compiled from actual surveys by order of His Excellency William Tryon, Esqr. Captain General & Governor of the same, by Claude Joseph Sauthier; to which is added New-Jersey, from the topographical observations of C. J. Sauthier and B. Ratzer

      London: William Faden, August 1, 1776. Engraved map, period hand-colouring in outline. 33 x 26 inches. Rare first issue of Sauthier's first map of New York and the first published use of Ratzer's surveys of New Jersey. "...[I]n 1771 when Tryon was appointed governor of New York, he took his surveyor with him. Sauthier, during the next few years before the Revolution, was occupied in extensive surveys of the province and of the City of New York. His first map of the province, including surveys by Bernard Ratzer as well as his own, was published in 1776" (Cumming). This large map, which appeared both as a separate issue and in Faden's North American Atlas, depicts New York as far north as the Canadian border, as far south as Cape May, New Jersey, as far west Lake Ontario, and as far east as Boston (though with little inland detail east of the Connecticut River). As the title suggests, the map principally depicts New York and New Jersey, with strong detail, naming numerous towns, forts, rivers, roads, churches, ferries, etc. and showing some topography by means of hachuring. Both the New York and New Jersey counties and manors are named and outlined in colour. This important and rare map was compiled by Sauthier from at least three sources: his own surveys done on behalf of William Tryon, the surveys of Bernard Ratzer and the prior mappings of the region by Samuel Holland in 1768 and John Montresor in 1775. While perhaps forming the underlying basis of the map, the Sauthier map shows detail not found on either of the Holland or Montresor maps, suggesting a greater reliance on his own surveys and those by Ratzer. The addition of New Jersey to this map, in detail not found on the maps by Holland or Montresor (and not found on Sauthier's Chorographical map of 1779), is significant. Ratzer's surveys, principally done in 1769 to resolve the boundary dispute between New York and New Jersey, would form the basis for his own great map of New Jersey on a larger scale published by Faden in 1777; the mapping of New Jersey from his surveys on the present map, however, predates that classic map. As on Ratzer's 1777 map, the boundary between the two states is shown with the notation "partition line ordered in 1769." In addition, the old division between East and West Jersey is shown. As an interesting aside, running vertically down the center of the map is a line identified as the "Meridian of New York," said to be the first map to use this meridian. The map also has an engraved mention of Dartmouth College, among the earliest known printed references on a map. This map by Sauthier would form the cartographic basis for his great 1779 map, titled the Chorographical Map of the Province of New York. A second issue of the map would be published by Lotter in Augsburg in 1777. Sellers and Van Ee, Maps and Charts of North America and the West Indies 1047; Phillips, A List of Maps of America, p.503; Streeter sale II:878; Cumming, British Maps of Colonial America, pp. 72-74; Schwartz and Ehrenberg, The Mapping of America, p. 187; Ristow, American Maps and Mapmakers, p. 52; Nebenzahl, Atlas of the American Revolution pp. 158-60.

      [Bookseller: Donald Heald Rare Books]
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        AFFAIRES DE L'ANGLETERRE ET DE L'AMÉRIQUE

      Antwerp [i.e. Paris]. 1776-1779.. Fourteen volumes (of fifteen) in eleven. Complete collation available upon request. Contemporary French half calf and boards, spines gilt, leather labels. Spines professionally restored, some neatly repaired. Light wear to corners and boards. Light scattered foxing to text. Overall, a very good copy of a rare set. A monumental and fundamentally important set of documents tracing the early course of the American Revolution and events on the North American continent. AFFAIRES DE L'ANGLETERRE ET DE L'AMÉRIQUE contains among the earliest, and in some cases the first, European printings of many of the most basic documents in American history, including the Declaration of Independence, Thomas Paine's COMMON SENSE, the Articles of Confederation, and several state constitutions. The series was produced by the French government in order to inform the French public of the origins and course of the American Revolution, and to build and justify support among the French aristocracy and bureaucracy for an eventual Franco-American alliance. With the crucial editorial assistance of Benjamin Franklin and John Adams, the AFFAIRES... helped accomplish this goal, as well as providing the French people with their first taste of American democratic philosophy. AFFAIRES DE L'ANGLETERRE ET DE L'AMÉRIQUE, though bearing an Antwerp imprint, was actually produced by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs and was available from the French bookseller, Pissot. The false imprint and the anonymity maintained by the editor served to hide the fact that it was issued by the French government and helped maintain a facade of impartiality. The first issue appeared on May 4, 1776, and publication proceeded through October 1779. The series was edited by Edmé-Jacques Genêt, chief interpreter to the French Foreign Minister, Charles Gravier, the Comte de Vergennes. Genêt was the father of Edmund Charles "Citizen" Genêt, who later caused so much discord in French- American relations during his tenure as minister plenipotentiary to the United States in the 1790s. Edmé-Jacques Genêt produced a similar journal during the French and Indian War, using correspondents in Britain, Spain, and the German states to gather news and information on events in the various fields of battle. He called upon some of those same sources, and cultivated American contacts as well, for AFFAIRES DE L'ANGLETERRE ET DE L'AMÉRIQUE. Chief among Genêt's American sources was Benjamin Franklin, who arrived in Paris on Dec. 21, 1776, as one of the American representatives seeking an alliance with France. Among the first documents Franklin provided to Genêt was a copy of John Dickinson's draft of the Articles of Confederation. In the United States these were still secret documents which had only circulated in committee in the Continental Congress. The Articles were translated in full and appear in the Dec. 27, 1776 edition of the AFFAIRES..., constituting "the first unrestricted publication in any language of the Articles of Confederation" (Echeverria). Franklin also provided Genêt with American newspapers, copies of his own correspondence, and old essays, all documenting the development of the rift between Great Britain and her American colonies in a light very favorable to the colonists. Franklin also contributed an original essay, COMPARISON OF GREAT BRITAIN AND AMERICA AS TO CREDIT, IN 1777, to Genêt's journal (printed in the Oct. 18, 1777 "Banker's Letter"). John Adams arrived in Paris in the spring of 1778, and was also very active in supplying Genêt with newspapers, copies of his own letters, and rebuttals to British propaganda. Laura Anne Bédard, a recent student of AFFAIRES DE L'ANGLETERRE ET DE L'AMÉRIQUE, notes that the journal took a markedly pro-American tinge once Franklin began his contributions. This emphasis carried through the negotiation of the Franco-American Treaty of Amity and Commerce, all the way to the end of the journal's publication in October 1779. With such well placed American contacts, it is not surprising that AFFAIRES DE L'ANGLETERRE ET DE L'AMÉRIQUE contains some of the earliest appearances of many of the basic works of the Revolutionary era. The number of important publications contained in the journal is nevertheless remarkable. The publication of John Dickinson's draft of the Articles of Confederation has already been mentioned. The Declaration of Independence appears in the Aug. 16, 1776 issue of the AFFAIRES... (in the "Banker's Letter") and is the first European printing of that landmark document, preceding other French and British printings by one to two weeks. Durand Echeverria mistakenly identifies a printing of the Declaration in the Aug. 30, 1776 edition of the GAZETTE DE LEYDE as the first French translation, missing its appearance a full two weeks earlier in the AFFAIRES.... Thomas Paine's incredibly influential and wildly popular COMMON SENSE was the first purely political essay published in the AFFAIRES..., appearing in the issue of June 15, 1776. It does not appear in a word-for- word translation, but Genêt reprinted the majority of Paine's text, summarizing the sections he excluded. Gimbel notes only one other French language printing of COMMON SENSE in 1776, bearing a Rotterdam imprint. This is almost certainly its first continental appearance. Genêt also printed several state constitutions as soon as they became available, usually supplied by Franklin and translated by the Duc de la Rochefoucauld d'Enville. The AFFAIRES... includes the first European printings of the constitutions of Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, and Virginia. Echeverria notes that the two earliest separate French publications printing American constitutions, appearing in 1778, were word-for-word copies, including footnotes, from AFFAIRES DE L'ANGLETERRE ET DE L'AMÉRIQUE. In the Oct. 2, 1778 issue Genêt reproduced the full text of the Franco-American Treaty of Amity and Commerce, concluded the previous February and not yet ratified. Echeverria accurately calls the AFFAIRES... one of the two "most important publications of American political documents in France during the American war." Along with these vital documents, AFFAIRES DE L'ANGLETERRE ET DE L'AMÉRIQUE is filled with thousands of pages of fascinating documents tracing the development of the conflict between Great Britain and her American colonies, and following the actual course of the war. Most issues contain two sections, a "Journal" devoted to the latest news from abroad, and a section of commentary in the form of a "Letter From a London Banker," actually written by Genêt himself. The Journal sections contain excerpts from newspapers, periodicals, and other reports on military campaigns (including letters from British, German, and American soldiers), debates in the British parliament, and accounts of British finances. Included are discussions of British troop strength and reports from numerous British government ministers and parliamentarians including Pitt, Grenville, Burke, Wilkes, and North, among several others. Many of the documents are included in order to gauge British political and popular support for operations in North America, and to discern British financial strength. The contents cover the full range of affairs in North America, from naval strength to Hessian activities, battlefield reports, Indian loyalties, and Canadian affairs. The information is presented in an impartial and balanced manner, with little editorial comment. The pro- American bias comes through, however, in the commentary section in which Genêt, in the guise of the "British banker," transmits opinions on the history and course of the conflict. This section includes political documents and essays, expanded by Genêt's editorial notes. It is in the "Banker's Letters" that COMMON SENSE is excerpted and the Declaration of Independence printed. It also marks the first French appearance of British dissenter Richard Price's important work, OBSERVATIONS ON THE NATURE OF CIVIL LIBERTY, in which he supports American independence. AFFAIRES DE L'ANGLETERRE ET DE L'AMÉRIQUE was issued intermittently in parts. It can be bound in a varying number of volumes, and bibliographer Paul L. Ford calls it "one of the most intricate and puzzling studies in collation." Howes notes that sets are made up of "twenty-four parts divided into fifteen volumes," but are usually bound in seventeen volumes. Sabin concurs on twenty-four parts, while LeClerc catalogued an incomplete set of only thirteen parts. Ford throws out the notion of "parts" entirely, giving a complete collation in fifteen volumes. Obadiah Rich asserts that the series was "an imitation or translation of Almon's REMEMBRANCER," but Sabin and Howes both correctly refute this utterly incorrect notion. Howes calls it a "counterpart" to the REMEMBRANCER, while Sabin notes that it is "quite different" from Almon's work. As we have noted, it is a wholly original collection of documents, assembled to provide close reports on the progress of the American Revolution and to pave the way toward the French alliance with the rebellious Americans. The present set is a nearly complete run of AFFAIRES DE L'ANGLETERRE ET DE L'AMÉRIQUE, containing some ninety-five percent of the entire text. It lacks one volume late in the series, identified as the fifteenth volume in Ford's collation. Several of the indexes are also lacking, as are two small sections of text earlier in the series. As Bédard notes, however, 1779 constituted the waning days of the AFFAIRES..., and most of the information in the final volumes is made up of accounts of French and Spanish military affairs, and they contain little in the way of significant American documentary material. This is only the third copy that we have seen of this extremely rare set. There are complete sets at the University of Virginia, the Library of Congress, the Bibliothèque Nationale, the John Carter Brown Library, and Yale. Paul Ford, in his 1889 article on the work, located incomplete sets at Harvard, Massachusetts Historical Society, the Department of State, New York State Library, Thomas Crane Public Library in Quincy, Massachusetts (which has John Adams' incomplete set), and one in a private collection. Many of these are no longer at these locations (for example, the New York State Library set was probably destroyed in their 1911 fire, the State Department Library has been dispersed, etc.). "So little known, that no satisfactory account of it exists" - JCB. "Essential for the Revolutionary period" - Sabin. "Of singular importance for the history of the period covered; but, owing to its rarity, and to the extreme bibliographical confusion in its parts and volumes, it has been singularly neglected as historical material" - Larned. "Collection des plus importantes pour la periode de la revolution des Etats-Unis" - LeClerc. A rare and fundamentally important collection of documents on the early years of the American Revolution, in many cases containing the earliest European printings of several iconic works of American history. HOWES A85, "b." LeCLERC 2464. SABIN 491. JCB 1(III):2185. FORD, FRANKLIN BIBLIOGRAPHY 326. LARNED 1210. Laura Anne Bédard, LES AFFAIRES DE L'ANGLETERRE ET DE L'AMERIQUE: A FRENCH JOURNAL COVERING THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION FROM FRANCE (Unpublished Master's Thesis, 1986), especially chapters 2 and 3 and appendices. Durand Echeverria, "French Publications of the Declaration of Independence and the American Constitutions, 1776-1783" in PAPERS OF THE BIBLIOGRAPHICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA, Vol. 47, pp.313-38. Paul Leicester Ford, "Affaires de l'Angleterre et de l'Amérique" in PENNSYLVANIA MAGAZINE OF HISTORY AND BIOGRAPHY, 1889, pp.222-26 has the clearest collation. Will Slauter, "Constructive Misreadings: Adams, Turgot, and the American State Constitutions" in PAPERS OF THE BIBLIOGRAPHICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA, Vol. 105, No. 1, pp.33-68.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        THE AMERICAN MILITARY POCKET ATLAS; BEING AN APPROVED COLLECTION OF CORRECT MAPS, BOTH GENERAL AND PARTICULAR, OF THE BRITISH COLONIES; ESPECIALLY THOSE WHICH NOW ARE, OR PROBABLY MAY BE THE THEATRE OF WAR: TAKEN PRINCIPALLY FROM THE ACTUAL SURVEYS AND JUDICIOUS OBSERVATIONS OF ENGINEERS...AND OTHER OFFICERS EMPLOYED IN HIS MAJESTY'S FLEETS AND ARMIES

      London: Printed for R. Sayer and J. Bennet, [1776].. Titlepage, 2pp. dedication to "Gov. Pownall," 2pp. "Advertisement," 1p. "List of maps," and six engraved maps, handcolored in outline. Original half calf and marbled boards, leather label stamped "American Pocket Atlas." Boards with an expected amount of rubbing and wear. A few instances of neat, closed separations along the crossfolds of the maps, but with no loss. Repaired closed tear in left edge of Brassier map. Some soiling at the edges of the maps. On the whole, a very handsome copy, in completely original condition - as it would have been when carried by a British officer during the American War. In a half morocco and cloth clamshell case, spine gilt. The "Holster Atlas": one of the most important atlases of the American Revolution, designed for use in the field. The "Holster Atlas" was issued at the suggestion of Governor George Pownall and included the "maps that the British high command regarded as providing essential topographical information in the most convenient form" (Schwartz & Ehrenberg). This collection of maps was published by Sayer and Bennet at the beginning of the Revolution for the use of British officers. "Surveys and Topographical Charts being fit only for a Library, such maps as an Officer may take with him into the Field have been much wanted. The following Collection forms a Portable Atlas of North America, calculated in its Bulk and Price to suit the Pockets of Officers of all Ranks" (Advertisement). Although the publishers claimed the atlas would fit into an officer's pocket, it was more usually carried in a holster and thus gained its nickname. The atlas was generally bound in an octavo format, as is the case in this copy. The six maps are as follow: 1) Dunn, Samuel: NORTH AMERICA, AS DIVIDED AMONGST THE EUROPEAN POWERS. BY SAMUEL DUNN, MATHEMATICIAN. London: printed for Robt. Sayer, Jan. 10, 1774. Engraved map, handcolored in outline (13 1/2 x 18 1/4 inches). Engraved for Dunn's A NEW ATLAS (London, 1774). 2) Dunn, Samuel A COMPLEAT MAP OF THE WEST INDIES, CONTAINING THE COASTS OF FLORIDA, LOUISIANA, NEW SPAIN, AND TERRA FIRMA: WITH ALL THE ISLANDS. London: Robt. Sayer, Jan. 10, 1774. Engraved map, handcolored in outline (13 1/4 x 18 1/2 inches). Engraved for Dunn's A NEW ATLAS (London, 1774). The "Advertisement" describes these first two maps as "a general map of the part of the globe, called North America, and a second general map of those islands, shores, gulfs, and bays, which form what is commonly called the West Indies; these we consider as introductory, and as giving a general idea, and we trust a just one." 3) A GENERAL MAP OF THE NORTHERN BRITISH COLONIES IN AMERICA. WHICH COMPREHENDS THE PROVINCE OF QUEBEC, THE GOVERNMENT OF NEWFOUNDLAND, NOVA-SCOTIA, NEW- ENGLAND AND NEW-YORK. FROM THE MAPS PUBLISHED BY THE ADMIRALTY AND BOARD OF TRADE, REGULATED BY THE ASTRONOMIC AND TRIGONOMETRIC OBSERVATIONS OF MAJOR HOLLAND AND CORRECTED FROM GOVERNOR POWNALL'S LATE MAP 1776. London: Robt. Sayer & Jno. Bennet, Aug. 14, 1776. Engraved map, handcolored in outline (20 3/4 x 26 3/4 inches). First state, also issued as a separate map. This map was re-issued in 1788 with the title changed to reflect the new political realities. McCORKLE, NEW ENGLAND 776.11. SELLERS & VAN EE 143. STEVENS & TREE 65. 4) Evans, Lewis: A GENERAL MAP OF THE MIDDLE BRITISH COLONIES, IN AMERICA. CONTAINING VIRGINIA, MARYLAND, THE DELAWARE COUNTIES, PENNSYLVANIA AND NEW JERSEY. WITH THE ADDITION OF NEW YORK, AND THE GREATEST PART OF NEW ENGLAND, AS ALSO OF THE BORDERING PARTS OF THE PROVINCE OF QUEBEC, IMPROVED FROM SEVERAL SURVEYS MADE AFTER THE LATE WAR, AND CORRECTED FROM GOVERNOR POWNALL'S LATE MAP 1776. London: R. Sayer & J. Bennet, Oct. 15, 1776. Engraved map, handcolored in outline (20 1/2 x 26 3/4 inches). Based on Lewis Evans map of 1755, with additions and corrections. STEPHENSON & McKEE, VIRGINIA, p.82 (an image of the Evans map). 5) Romans, Bernard: A GENERAL MAP OF THE SOUTHERN BRITISH COLONIES, IN AMERICA. COMPREHENDING NORTH AND SOUTH CAROLINA, GEORGIA, EAST AND WEST FLORIDA, WITH THE NEIGHBOURING INDIAN COUNTRIES. FROM THE MODERN SURVEYS OF ENGINEER DE BRAHM, CAPT. COLLET, MOUZON & OTHERS; AND FROM THE LARGE HYDROGRAPHICAL SURVEY OF THE COASTS OF EAST AND WEST FLORIDA. BY B. ROMANS. London: R. Sayer & J. Bennett [sic], Oct. 15, 1776. Engraved map, handcolored in outline (21 1/4 x 26 inches). Based on charts and maps by Romans and others. 6) Brassier, William Furness: A SURVEY OF LAKE CHAMPLAIN INCLUDING LAKE GEORGE, CROWN POINT AND ST. JOHN, SURVEYED BY ORDER OF...SR. JEFFERY AMHERST...BY WILLIAM BRASSIER, DRAUGHTSMAN. 1762. London: Robt. Sayer & Jno. Bennet, Aug. 5, 1776. Engraved map, handcolored in outline (28 x 20 1/2 inches). Also issued as the first separately published map of Lake Champlain, this excellent detailed chart was based on a survey made during the French and Indian War, but not published until the Revolution. The map was issued in two states and is included here in its appropriate (and preferred) second state, illustrating the very first battle fought by the U.S. Navy: the Battle of Valcour Island, which transpired near present- day Plattsburgh, New York. The inset in the lower right corner of the map features an extremely detailed rendering of Lake George, surveyed by British Captain Jackson in 1756. No mention, of course, is made of Ethan Allen's taking of Fort Ticonderoga in 1775. An important collection of Revolutionary-era American maps, meant to be used by British officers in the theatre of war, and here in handsome original condition. FITE & FREEMAN, A BOOK OF OLD MAPS, pp.212-16. HOWES A208. NEBENZAHL, ATLAS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION, pp.61-63. PHILLIPS ATLASES 1206. RUMSEY, p.311. SABIN 1147. SCHWARTZ & EHRENBERG, p.190. STREETER SALE 73. CLARK I:189.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        [He divided the light from the darkness] Divisit lucem a Tenebris, appellavitq: lucem diem, et tenebras noctem [I]

      Rome: [circa 1776]. Copper engraving, on two joined sheets, by Ottaviani after drawings by Savorelli and Camporesi, printed in light brown coloured ink with contemporary hand-colouring. Some marginal restoration. 25 x 22 7/8 inches. A stunning plate from "Logge di Rafaele nel Vaticano": with contemporary colouring of the highest quality from the golden age of the hand-coloured print. A very fine image from the second part of a work titled "Loggie di Rafaele nel Vaticano" depicting the decorative work executed by Raphael and his assistants between 1518-1519 in the Vatican. They were drawn by Gaetano Savorelli, a Roman painter and draughtsman best known for his Raphael drawings, and Pietro Camporesi, a Roman architect, who worked for Pope Clemens XIII and Pius VI on rooms for the Vatican Museum. The first to illustrate the famous frescoes, these beautiful plates were probably planned as early as 1760, but were not executed until 1772 to 1776. The plate is remarkable not only as the first important visual record of Raphael's work, but also for the quality of the hand- colouring - the work on this image is, in our opinion, some of the greatest to be produced in Europe during the whole of the eighteenth century: the golden age of the hand-coloured print. They were remarkable not just for their size and magnificent colouring, but also because of the influence they had on contemporary taste. The decision was made to "borrow" elements from Raphael's Vatican tapestries and insert them where the original frescoes were in too poor a state to be legible. The finished plates therefore represented an amalgam of design elements presented with a crisp freshness of colour that held enormous appeal and did much to stimulate the taste for the "grotesque" in the Neo-classical period. A year after the death of his principal patron Julius II, Raphael succeeded Donato Bramante in 1514 as the official Vatican architect. Having previously adorned the "Stanze" or chambers of Julius on the second floor of the papal apartments in the Vatican palace, he was commissioned by Leo X in 1517 to decorate the adjacent Logge. He designed an elaborate cycle of ornamental frescoes for the room's ceiling vaults, doors and auxiliary pillars, which were executed by his assistants Giulio Romano and Giovanni da Udine. Twelve of the quadrilateral ceiling vaults were adorned with murals of familiar Old Testament scenes and one with a scene from the New Testament, while the more decorative frescoes painted on the pilasters by Udine were covered with imaginative compositions of 'grotesque' motifs like foliage, fruit, and chimerical beasts. The scene in the main panel shows God dividing light from the darkness, and commanding that they be called day and night. Cf. Brunet IV, 1110 & 1111; cf. Berlin "Kat". 4068 & 4066; "Raphael Invenit: Stampe da Rafaello" (1985) Ottaviano 22; cf. "Raphael: Reproduktions-graphik aus vier Jahrhunderten" (Coburg 1984) 104 & no. 245.

      [Bookseller: Donald Heald Rare Books]
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        Rules and Articles for the Better Government of the Troops Raised, or to be raised and kept in pay by and at the expence of the United States of America

      Philadelphia: Printed by John Dunlap, 1776. 36pp. Original plain paper wrappers, stitched. Spine worn, some light wear and soiling. Discreet ink stamp inside rear cover. Near fine, untrimmed. In a blue half morocco and cloth slipcase. The First American Army Regulations The first edition of one of the first and most important acts of Congress after the Declaration of Independence. On June 14, 1776 a committee was formed composed of John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, John Rutledge, James Wilson, and Robert R. Livingston. These committee members revised the 1775 code, which had been published for "the Twelve United English Colonies of North America." The present revised code was recast so as to more closely resemble the British Articles of War. The Continental Congress approved the revised Articles of War on September 20, 1776, and they remained in force, with one major revision, until 1806. This document is the foundation of American military law. At the end is printed a resolution of Congress, dated August 21, 1776, and signed in print by John Hancock as president, stating: "That all persons...found lurking as Spies in or about the fortifications or encampments of the Armies of the United States...shall suffer Death according to the law and usage of nations, by sentence of a Court-Martial...." It was under this ruling that Major André was executed for treason in 1780. Evans 15187; Hildeburn 3466; Sabin 74058; NAIP w022042; DNB VII, pp.583-84.

      [Bookseller: Donald Heald Rare Books]
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        RULES AND ARTICLES FOR THE BETTER GOVERNMENT OF THE TROOPS RAISED, OR TO BE RAISED AND KEPT IN PAY BY AND AT THE EXPENCE OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

      Philadelphia: Printed by John Dunlap, 1776.. 36pp. Original plain paper wrappers, stitched. Spine worn, some light wear and soiling. Discreet ink stamp inside rear cover. Near fine, untrimmed. In a blue half morocco and cloth slipcase. The first edition of one of the first and most important acts of Congress after the Declaration of Independence. On June 14, 1776 a committee was formed composed of John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, John Rutledge, James Wilson, and Robert R. Livingston. These committee members revised the 1775 code, which had been published for "the Twelve United English Colonies of North America." The present revised code was recast so as to more closely resemble the British Articles of War. The Continental Congress approved the revised Articles of War on September 20, 1776, and they remained in force, with one major revision, until 1806. This document is the foundation of American military law. At the end is printed a resolution of Congress, dated August 21, 1776, and signed in print by John Hancock as president, stating: "That all persons...found lurking as Spies in or about the fortifications or encampments of the Armies of the United States...shall suffer Death according to the law and usage of nations, by sentence of a Court- Martial...." It was under this ruling that Major André was executed for treason in 1780. EVANS 15187. NAIP w022042. HILDEBURN 3466. SABIN 74058. DNB VII, pp.583-84.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        An Account of Three Journeys from the Cape Town into the Southern Parts of Africa ... [in] Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London, vol. 66, 1776

      London : Royal Society, 1776. 1st Edition. Desc.: pp.267-317 ; 24cm. Journal article extracted from Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London, vol. 66, 1776 - professionally bound. Full title of article: An account of three journeys from the Cape Town into the southern parts of Africa: undertaken for the discovery of new plants, towards the improvement of the Royal Botanical Gardens at Kew. Subjects: South Africa -- Description and travel -- Travel literature -- Science -- Botany -- 18th century -- Periodicals -- Journals. Masson, Francis, 1741-1805 -- Travel -- South Africa -- Cape of Good Hope. Finely bound in contemporary full aniline calf. Professionally and period-sympathetically rebacked with a matching brown leather gilt-blocked label and raised bands; very impressively finished. Corners sharp with an overall tight, bright and clean impression. Provenance: From the library of John Earl of Loudoun with his bookplate to front pastedown.

      [Bookseller: MW Books Ltd.]
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        New Illustrations of Zoology, Containing fifty coloured plates of new, curious, and non-descript birds, with a few quadrupeds, reptiles, and insects

      London: printed for Benjamin White, 1776. Quarto. (12 1/8 x 9 3/8 inches. Titles and text in English and French, 50 hand-coloured engraved plates by Brown. Uncut and occasionally unopened. Recent dark green half straight- grained morocco over marbled paper-covered boards, spine in six compartments with raised bands, tooled and lettered gilt. An uncut copy, beautifully coloured, of the first edition of this interesting work. Brown's New Illustrations..., modelled on the earlier work by George Edwards, is based on the main on drawings and specimens from the natural history collections of Marmaduke Tunstall and Thomas Pennant, but also contains 20 plates based on drawings by Ceylonese artist Pieter Cornelis de Bevere from the collection of Dutch naturalist and ex-VOC administrator in Ceylon and Batavia: John Gideon Loten. Writing in his Literary Life, Pennant not only supported his protégé by providing him with specimens, but also wrote much of the text. Brown exhibited at the Royal Academy between 1770 and 1791, and was, in addition, an accomplished flower painter. Anker 72; Fine Bird Books (1990) p.82; Nissen IVB 151; Wood p. 264; Zimmer p. 101.

      [Bookseller: Donald Heald Rare Books]
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        TWO FAVORITE SONGS, MADE ON THE EVACUATION OF THE TOWN OF BOSTON, BY THE BRITISH TROOPS, ON THE 17th OF MARCH, 1776

      [Boston. March 17, 1776].. Broadside, 17 x 10 1/2 inches. Large woodcut of a harbor fortress and naval vessels exchanging cannon fire (2 1/2 x 6 1/2 inches), text in two columns. One vertical and three horizontal folds. Edges mildly frayed with small losses; several small losses at fold intersections, slightly affecting woodcut and two words of text. Minor foxing, one light stain in woodcut (1/2 x 3/4 inch). Very good. Matted. In a cloth chemise and blue half morocco and cloth slipcase, spine gilt. "...NOW IS THE TIME TO MAN YOUR LINES, / FOR THE SOLDIERS HAVE LEFT BOSTON." A rare, large-format broadside containing two songs celebrating the British evacuation of Boston to General Washington's army after a siege that had lasted from April 1775. Winslow noted that the large woodcut had previously been used on a broadside of 1745 describing the siege of Louisbourg. The first song begins: "In seventeen hundred and seventy six, / On March the eleventh, the time was prefix'd, / Our forces march'd on Dorchester Neck, / Made fortifications against an attack." The supplies and munitions left by the departing British are mentioned, as is a fire set at Castle William during the evacuation. The poet concludes spiritedly: "Let 'em go, let 'em go, for what they will fetch, / I think their great Howe is a miserable wretch; / And as for his men, they are fools for their pains, So let them return to Old England again." The second song, in a different meter, comprises thirteen four-line stanzas. It commences with a remembrance of the Battle of Bunker Hill: "It wasn't our will that Bunker-Hill, / From us should e'er be taken...." The American re-occupation of Bunker Hill is described, along with several scarecrows left by the British (to give the impression it was still garrisoned). Then: "The women come, and children run, / To brave Putnam rejoicing, / Saying now is the time to man your lines, / For the soldiers have left Boston." The poet speculates on the British force's destination: "Some say they've sail'd for Halifax, / And others for New-York...Where they are bound there's none can tell, / But the great God on high, / May all our heads be covered well, / When cannon balls do fly." A smaller format broadside of the same two songs, set in a different type but employing the same cut, is entitled, simply, ON THE EVACUATION OF BOSTON BY THE BRITISH TROOPS. ESTC locates only three copies, at the Essex Institute, the American Antiquarian Society, and Princeton. SABIN 97588. BRISTOL B4385. SHIPTON & MOONEY 43179. FORD 2040. WEGELIN 808. ESTC W38633.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        Campi Phlegraei: Observations on the Volcanoes of the Two Sicilies, as They Have Been Communicated to the Royal Society of London

      Naples, 1776. Hardcover. Very Good. Folio - over 12 - 15" tall. 2 vol. in 1. I (1776): (3) ff. comprising title, colored frontispiece plate and "References to Plate 1," 1 folding map, 3-90 pp., (1) f. license, (1) f. title, 53 ff. of colored plates enumerated #2-54, alternating with 53 ff. of corresponding text leaves. II (1779 Supplement): (3) ff. comprising title, engraved frontispiece and "References to Plate 1," 29 pp., (1) p. license, 4 ff. of colored plates enumerated #2-5, alternating with 4 ff. of corresponding text leaves, (1) f. dedication. Total of 183 leaves: 123 ff. text leaves, 59 colored plates and 1 folding map. Bound in contemporary tree-calf, borders triple gilt-ruled, spine expertly rebacked with original backstrip preserved. Covers a bit scuffed, later endpapers, foxing to a handful of text leaves. Plates excellent, finished in magnificent contemporary hand color.Rare first edition of this monumental illustrated work by Sir William Hamilton (1731-1803), British ambassador to the court of Naples, amateur vulcanologist, and antiquarian. Hamilton's splendid volume, representing the culmination of years of geological observation in Naples and Sicily, contains 59 sumptuous hand-colored engravings of Neapolitan landscapes, coastal scenes, city-views, and views of volcanic activity from Vesuvius, Etna, and the Aeolian islands. Though it nearly bankrupted the diplomat with the high production cost of its illustrations-including 59 plates and a double-page map of the region-the volume now stands as a monument to Neapolitan art and scientific culture during the Bourbon kingdom's Golden Age. "This was, without question, one of the most lavish books of the eighteenth century" (Thackray).The volume had its origins in Hamilton's arrival in Naples in 1764, shortly before nearby Vesuvius entered a spectacular eruptive phase that lasted for the next three years. Despite being engaged in "an active and often demanding diplomatic career" (Sloan) at the Neapolitan court, Hamilton continually recorded observations on volcanic activity not only from Vesuvius, but from Etna and the Aeolian archipelago as well. These were published as letters in Philosophical Transactions, and again in Observations on Mount Vesuvius (1772), but the interest they sparked in the scientific community led Hamilton to envision a more ambitious testament, and in 1773 he asked the artist Pietro Fabris to begin the series of gouache drawings from which the present plates were cut. Many of the plates bear Fabris' initials as well, identifying him as the engraver as well as the original illustrator.OCLC: NYPL, Getty: collates perfectly against the Getty copy.* Thackray, " 'The Modern Pliny': William Hamilton and Vesuvius" (pp. 65-74), and Sloan, "'Observations on the Kingdom of Naples: William Hamilton's Diplomatic Career" (pp. 24-39), both in Vases and Volcanoes (London 1996). See also #43 (pp. 165-68) in that volume's bibliography of Hamilton's collection.

      [Bookseller: Martayan Lan, Inc.]
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