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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1761

        TRATADO DE LA ORACION, Y MEDITACION, que escrivio el mystico maestro y Doctor Iluminado, San Pedro de Alcantara, y breve instruccion para las Personas, que se quieren dar a la Oracion.

      Barcelona, Spain: Maria Angela MARTI Viuda, 1761. [lxxxviii], 292 pages of text, [iv] table. Contemporary unrestored vellum binding with hand lettered spine. Text is remarkably clean. Front hinge slightly affected by worming, not affecting text or pages in any way. Separation of text block starting at rear of text. With contributions by Salvador Pons, D. Juan de Penuelas, Dr. D. Manuel Gonzalez Ollero, Antonio Vicente, etc. Saint Peter of Alcantara. Text is in Spanish. Saint Pedro de Alcántara (1499-1562).. First Edition. Hardcover. Very good+ condition. 24mo - over 5" - 5¾" tall.

      [Bookseller: Kurt Gippert Bookseller (ABAA) ]
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        The History of the Life and Reign of Philip, King of Macedon; The Father of Alexander. By Thomas Leland, D.D., Fellow of Trinity College, Dublin.

      London, Printed by Thomas Harrison for W.Johnston, 1761. - The Second Edition. Quarto (25.5 cm wide x 29 cm high). Pagination: Volume I: Engraved Frontispiece, LVII pages with a preliminary Dissertation on the Council of Amphyctyon, Large Fold-Out-Map of Antient [sic] Greece and the adjacent Countries, 204 pages / Volume II: Engraved frontispiece of Demosthenes, 312 pages, Fold-Out engraving with ancient coins, 8 pages Index // Hardcover / Original full calf with gilt lettering on spine. Binding somewhat shaky but holding. Very good condition with minor signs of external wear. The binding needs some attention from a bookbinder but is in overall very good condition. With the Exlibris - bookplate of William Crosbie, Lord Brandon, 1st Earl of Glandore, to the front pastedown. Thomas Leland (1722–1785) was an Irish historian, translator and academic and the author of the early gothic novel, "Longsword, Earl of Salisbury: An Historical Romance", published in 1762. He was born in Dublin and educated at Thomas Sheridan's school and then at Trinity College, where he became Professor of Oratory in 1763. He translated the Orations of Demosthenes in three volumes and wrote a life of Philip of Macedon in 1758. He wrote an influential "History of Ireland from the Invasion of Henry II" in 1773. His portrait, by John Dean, is held by the National Portrait Gallery. Leland was made a fellow of Trinity College Dublin in 1746. He was ordained a Church of Ireland priest in 1748, he served as vicar in Bray, Co. Wicklow, in 1773 he was appointed Vicar of St. Ann's Church, Dawson Street, in Dublin. (Wikipedia) ________________________________________ Provenance: Earl of Glandore, in the County of Kerry, was a title in the Peerage of Ireland. It was created in 1776 for the Irish politician William Crosbie, 2nd Baron Brandon. He was the son of Sir Maurice Crosbie, who had previously represented County Kerry in the Irish House of Commons for over forty years, and was raised to the peerage as Baron Brandon in 1758. The first Baron was succeeded by his son, the second Baron. He was a member of the Irish Parliament for Ardfert. In 1771 he was created Viscount Crosbie, of Ardfert in the County of Kerry, and in 1776 he was further honoured when he was made Earl of Glandore, in the County of Cork. Both titles were in the Peerage of Ireland. On his death the titles passed to his son, the second Earl. He sat in the House of Lords as one of the original twenty-eight Irish Representative Peers. He was childless and on his death in 1815 the viscountcy and earldom became extinct. He was succeeded in the barony by his cousin, the fourth Baron. He was the son of the Very Reverend the Hon. Maurice Crosbie, Dean of Limerick, younger son of the first Baron. Lord Brandon was a clergyman and served as Rector of Castle Island in County Kerry. He had no surviving male issue and on his death in 1832 the barony became extinct as well. The family seat was Ardfert Abbey, Ardfert, County Kerry. (Wikipedia) ________________________________________ Philip II of Macedon (Phílippos II ho Makedon; 382–336 BC) was the king (Basileus) of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon from 359 BC until his assassination in 336 BC. He was a member of the Argead dynasty, the third son of King Amyntas III, and father of Alexander the Great and Philip III. Philip was the youngest son of the king Amyntas III and Eurydice I. In his youth (c. 368 – 365 BC), Philip was held as a hostage in Thebes, which was the leading city of Greece during the Theban hegemony. While a captive there, Philip received a military and diplomatic education from Epaminondas, became eromenos of Pelopidas, and lived with Pammenes, who was an enthusiastic advocate of the Sacred Band of Thebes. In 364 BC, Philip returned to Macedon. The deaths of Philip's elder brothers, King Alexander II and Perdiccas III, allowed him to take the throne in 359 BC. Originally appointed regent for his infant nephew Amyntas IV, who was the son of Perdiccas III, Philip managed to take the kingdom for himsel

      [Bookseller: The Time Traveller's Bookshop Ltd.]
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      Printed for Robert Horsfield, London 1761 - 16mo., [Part I] 130 pp.[ dated 1761]; [Part II] 126 pp. [dated 1760], 1 p. advert. Contemporary full calf, with the spine expertly repaired; board edges are rubbed. Previous owner's name on endpaper, few light pencil notations, light foxing and offsetting to endpapers and tile page from the binder's glue. See PHOTOGRAPHY: ESSAYS & IMAGES (1980) edited by Beaumont Newhall, p. 13-14 "In 1760 the French writer Charles François Tiphaigne de la Roche wrote a novel that today would be considered science fiction. Titled Giphantie, an anagram of his name, it describes his imaginary travels. He was lifted into the air and transported half unconscious, to a beautiful garden in a strange land. There he met a Spirit who said, 'I am the Prefect of this island which is called Giphantie.' With the Prefect as guide, Tiphaigne explored the wonders of 'the island.'" In GIPHANTIA, Chapter XVII, Part I, The author prophecies the fixing of transient images of nature by the action of light. "Thou knowest that the rays of light, reflected from different bodies, make a picture and paint the bodies upon all polished surfaces, on the retina of the eye, for instance, on water, on glass. The elementary spirits have studied to fix these transient images: they have composed a most subtle matter, very viscous, and proper to harden and dry, by the help of which a picture is made in the twinkle of an eye. They do over this matter a piece of canvas, and hold it before the objects they have in mind to paint. The first effect of the canvas is that of a mirror; there are seen upon it all the bodies far and near, whose image the light can transmit. But what the glass cannot do, the canvas, by means of the viscous matter, retains the images. The mirror shows the objects exactly; but keeps none; our canvases show them with the same exactness, and retains them all. This impression of the images is made the first instant they are received on the canvas, which is immediately carried away into some dark place; an hour after, the subtle matter dries, and you have a picture so much the more the valuable, as it cannot be imitated by art nor damaged by time." This is considered a cornerstone book in any collection of photographic literature, and photography's first fictional work.Roosens and Salu No. 10421. [Attributes: First Edition]

      [Bookseller: Andrew Cahan: Bookseller, Ltd., ABAA]
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        Eu el rey. Faço saber aos que este alvará virem, que por quanto pela minha ley dada no palacio de Nossa Senhora da Ajuda em tres setembro de mil setecentos cincoenta e nove, e publicada na chancellaria mór do reino em tres de outubro do mesmo anno, declarei os regulares da Companhia denominada de Jesu, habitantes nos meus reinos, e todos os seus dominios, ..

      [Lisboa]: n.p., 1761. First edition. Removed. A very good sharp copy, removed from a larger volume, inked page number to rectos.. 4 pp. Law concerning the Jesuits, their expulsion from Portugal, and the seizure of their assets by the crown which began with the proclamation in September 1759, and much enriched the Portuguese Crown. The king calls the Jesuits "notorious rebels, traitors, enemies and aggressors who had been, and are still currently against my real person and states." The expulsion's last act would come a few months later when the Jesuit Gabriel Malagrida, said to be involved in the attempted assassination of the king, (known as the Távora affair), who had been imprisoned for nearly two years, was finally executed in late September. This document is dated 25 February 1761 and signed on p. [2]: Dado em Salvaterra de Magos a vinte e cinco de fevereiro de mil setecentos sessenta e hum. Rey. Conde de Oeyras. Registered, dated, and signed on p. [3]: Nossa Senhora da Ajuda, a 4 de Março de 1761. Gaspar da Costa Posser. Further ordered to be published on p. [3]: Lisboa, 5 de Março de 1761. D. SebastiaÅ‘ Maldonado and Rodrigo Xavier Alvares de Moura. OCLC locates only one copy: JCB (OCLC: 903223440).

      [Bookseller: Kaaterskill Books, ABAA/ILAB]
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        Systeme de Copernic

      Paris: Louis Charles Desnos, 1761. unbound. Copper plate engraving with original hand color. Image measure 15" x 21.5" This impressive chart by Desnos and Brion de la Tour depicts the astronomical model developed by Nicolaus Copernicus. The Copernican Heliocentrism shows a stationary Sun at the center of the Universe with all the planets rotating around it. The Copernicus model is believed to have given birth to modern astronomy as it departed from the prevailing Ptolemaic system, which for centuries placed the Earth at the center. The whole is surrounded by text with remarks and descriptions of the map and enclosed in a decorative border which was only added to the deluxe editions of his atlas. The map is in good condition with minor wear and creasing along the centerfold. Centerfold split at bottom, not affecting printed image. Original plate mark is visible.Louis Charles Desnos (1725 - 1805) was a cartographer and globe maker from Paris, France. He was the Royal Globe Maker for the Kind of Denmark, Christian VII, and published a large number of maps during his time. Louis Brion de la Tour (1756-1823) is best known for his 'Atlas General' published in collaboration with Louis Charles Desnos. He held the title of Royal Cartographer to the King of France. This is an uncommon example of their collaborative work.

      [Bookseller: Argosy Book Store ]
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        Annales veteres Hunnorum, Avarum et Hungarorum, ab anno ante natum Christum CCX ad annum Christi CMXCVII. [.].

      Wien, Georg Ludwig Schulz, 1761. - Erstausgabe, hier mit dem oft fehlenden Anhang „Materia tentaminis publici" von Ludwig Kálnoki de Köröspatak. - „György Pray (1723-1800), an eminent Hungarian historian and Jesuit priest, later Canon of Nagyvárad, was involved in a 20-year-long debate over his writings on Hungarian church history with fellow Jesuit Anton Gánóczy and the Piarist Desericzky. In 1777 the Empress Maria Theresa appointed him Librarian of the University Library at Buda, Hungary, and honoured him with the title of ‚Historiographus Regius‘. He was the first to undertake research on previously closed documents pertaining to Hungarian history in the Royal Archives" (Horvath). - Mit Karten des nördlichen Mittelmeerraumes und Ungarns. Die große Faltkarte auch mit großen Teilen Asiens (Sibirien, Tibet, China, Korea und Japan). - Einband etw. berieben. Mehrf. gestempelt. Die letzten Bll. seitlich m. schmalem Wasserrand u. dadurch min. Randläsuren. Etw. gebräunt u. stockfleckig. - Wurzbach XXIII, 225; Petrik III, 133; De Backer/S. VI, 1182, 2 (ohne den Anhang); Horvath 127; Graesse V, 435. la Gewicht in Gramm: 2000 Fol. Mit gest. Druckermarke, 3 gest. Karten im Text u. einer gefalt. Kupferkarte. 7 Bll., 388 S., 3 Bll., 8 Bll., Mod. Lwd. m. goldgepr. Rückentitel. [Attributes: First Edition]

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Wolfgang Friebes]
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        Das grosse Welt-betrügende Nichts oder die heutige Hexerey und Zauberkunst. In zweyen Büchern von Ardoino Ubbidente dell’Osa entworfen. 1. Aufl.

      Frankfurt u. Leipzig, o.V., 1761. - 3 Bll., 600 S., Kl.-8°, Späteres Halbleder Cornell S.509; Hayn-Gotendorf III, 247; Vgl. Rosenthal 4123 (2. Aufl. 1766 mit dem Titel "Die Nichtigkeit der Hexerey"). - Übersetzung u. Bearbeitung der Schriften des Veronesers Maffei durch den katholischer Theologen Jordan Simon (1719-1776). Im gleichen Jahr wie die vorl. Ausg. erschien der Titel auch in Würtzburg, verlegt von Johann Jacob Stahel. Das Buch wurde 1766 eine der Hauptquellen für Ferdinand Sterzinger's (1721-1786) Rede gegen den Hexenwahn, die in München so großes Aufsehen erregte, dass sie den sog. "bayerischen Hexenkrieg" auslöste. - Einband etwas fleckig, berieben u. bestossen; Innendeckel mit ExLibris "Agnes Böhme"; wenige Seiten leicht fleckig, sonst ein gutes Expl.

      [Bookseller: Versandantiquariat Hans-Jürgen Lange]
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        Recherches sur l'origine du despotisme oriental

      Geneva: [N.S.] 1761 - First edition. 17 cm, 12mo. Collated: xxxii, 435 pp. Full period mottled calf. Gilt spine and rule. All edges washed red. Marbled end pages. Hardcover. Good binding and cover. Tails of boards starting. Minor edge wear. Clean, unmarked pages. Nicolas Antoine Boulanger was an Enlightenment French philosopher, cartographer, and engineer. Boulanger had some fluency in Latin, Greek, Hebrew, Syriac, Chaldean, and Arabic. Intended as an introduction and key to Montesquieu's L'Esprit des Loix, Boulanger's theological-political treatise was edited and first published posthumously in 1761 by the Baron d'Holbach. This, his most famous work, Research into the Origins of Oriental Despotism, speculates on the origin of human societies. The main theme described aptly by Paul Sadrin, is that "Man, after escaping the Flood, was terrified.Everything was gradually spoiled by forgetfulness and imposture - the forgetfulness of most men and the imposture of a few leaders. Religion, which had only been the memory of the disaster and the commemoration of the "renewed world," became the Revelation." This was in Boulanger's eyes the worst of crimes, as the Revelation deprives man of his humanity and gives birth to the cruelest of despotisms, the theocratic regime, of which God is the monarch and the monarch is God.What matters to Boulanger is to expose the direct relationship between theocracy and civil despotism." (p. 36-37) Sadrin, Paul. "NICOLAS-ANTOINE BOULANGER (1722?59)". The Yale University Library Gazette 71.1/2 (1996): 32?42. The value to the modern reader is perhaps greater in what it says about how Boulanger, and those he influenced, thought about how society is constructed and the destruction of freedom within society. BMC 3:1076.642; Barbier IV,30; Cioranescu 13420; Caillet 1532; Naumann 94. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Sequitur Books]
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        The works of the late right honorable Joseph Addison, Esq

      Birmingham: John Baskerville for J. & R. Tonson, 1761. 4 volumes, large 4to, engraved portrait, 7 plates of medals (the three engraved plates in volume 1 lacking); full contemporary polished calf, gilt decorated spine, red and green morocco labels; joints split, spine rubbed. Gaskell 17.

      [Bookseller: Rulon-Miller Books ]
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        Select Fables of Esop and Other Fabulists. In Three Books

      Birmingham: Printed by John Baskerville for R.& J. Dodsley, 1761. First Baskerville editiion. Engraved frontispiece and 15 plates by Grignion after Wales. 1 vols. 8vo. 19th-century half calf and marbled boards. slight wear to spine, some plates partially colored, slight darkening to edges of first few leaves. First Baskerville editiion. Engraved frontispiece and 15 plates by Grignion after Wales. 1 vols. 8vo. This was the first of Baskerville's books to be issued with illustrations, and the books must have enjoyed a certain success, for Dodsley ordered a second edition in 1764. Gaskell 14

      [Bookseller: James Cummins Bookseller]
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        The works of the late right honorable Joseph Addison, Esq

      Birmingham: John Baskerville for J. & R. Tonson, 1761. 4 volumes, large 4to, engraved portrait, 7 plates of medals (the three engraved plates in volume 1 lacking); full contemporary polished calf, gilt decorated spine, red and green morocco labels; joints split, spine rubbed. Gaskell 17.

      [Bookseller: Rulon-Miller Books]
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        The Book of Common Prayer, and administration of the sacraments, and other rites and ceremonies of the church ... Together with the Psalter

      Cambridge: John Baskerville, 1761. First Baskerville edition, third title impression with the price of 8s. 6d. on the title page, 8vo, without sections x2b, 2N-2Q, as often; contemporary blue goatskin with elaborate gilt border, gilt-decorated spine in 7 compartments, a.e.g., marbled endpapers; boards and spine worn, armorial bookplate of the Hon. Charles Hope Weir, followed by an inscription by his great great grandson Harry Lloyd Neruey(?) under it. A good, sound copy. Gaskell 12.

      [Bookseller: Rulon-Miller Books]
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        D. Junii Juvenalis et auli Persii Flacci Satyrae

      Birminghamiae: Johannis Baskerville, 1761. 4to, pp. 240, collating as in Gaskell; with leaves E2, K4, U4, and Z3 canceled, per Gaskell; contemporary full calf, gilt-decorated spine in 6 compartments, red morocco label in 1, the whole nicely rebacked and preserving the original spine, label, and endpapers; overall a very good, sound copy. Gaskell 15.

      [Bookseller: Rulon-Miller Books]
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      London: T. Osborne, et al., 1761. Second Edition, Corrected. 12mo. The Second Corrected Edition of Smollett's Don Quixote. His translation first appeared in 1761 and was quite popular into the 19th century. This edition calls for twenty-eight new copper plates designed by Hayman. This copy with engraved frontispiece by Hayman plus twenty-eight additional plates. Quite a nice copy of this important edition. In full calf with boards with a decorative border in blind. Spine with raised bands and decorations in gold; with morocco labels. Some minor loss to the spine extremities.

      [Bookseller: Black Swan Books, Inc.]
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        The Works

      Baskerville, Birmingham 1761 - 4 vols. Contemp full calf. Joints showing wear, but holding. Later spine labels. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Anah Dunsheath RareBooks ABA ANZAAB ILAB]
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        Théorie de l’impot

      s.t, 1761. 12mo (cm. 16,6), VIII-422 pp. Legatura coeva in piena pelle con nervi, ricchi fregi e titolo oro su tassello rosso al ds. Tagli colorati. Eccellente esemplare. Rara seconda edizione. Barbier, IV, 702a; Einaudi, 3947.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Ex Libris s.r.l.]
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      - 1761 Vda de Manuel Fernandez,Madrid Tomo tercero. Trad. de Andres García Vazquez. Grabados en b/n. 482 p. + XXXVI lám. 21x15 cm. Enc. pergamino. Fatigado y algo manchado Para ver o recibir fotografías de los libros puede ir a nuestra web. (cirurgía, medicina)

      [Bookseller: Costa LLibreter]
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        De Poenis Ecclesiasticis Praxis Absoluta et Universalis, Iam Primum...

      1761. A Standard Canon-Law Treatise on Punishment Tesauro, Carlo Antonio [1587-1655]. Giraldi, Ubaldo [1692-1775], Editor. De Poenis Ecclesiasticis Praxis Absoluta et Universalis. Iam Primum in Duas Partes Distributa Nunc Notis, Et Accessionibus Earumdem Poenatum ab Anno MDCLIII. ad Usque MDCCLX. Inflictarum Locupletata ab Adm. R.P. Ubaldo Giraldi a S. Cajetano. Opus Diligenter Revisum, Emendatumque, Ac Propositionibus ab Apostolica Sede Proscriptis Auctum. Padua: Typis Seminarii, 1761. [iv], 361 pp. Main text in parallel columns. Folio (13-1/2" x 9"). Contemporary vellum, gilt-stamped title to spine, edges rouged. Boards somewhat bowed, a few minor smudges to rear board, corners and spine ends bumped. Title page printed in red and black. Light toning to text, minor stains to a few leaves, light soiling to title page. Later owner signature to front free endpaper, interior otherwise clean. A handsome copy. * Later edition. First published in 1640, this treatise on punishments by a Jesuit canonist went through at least six editions. It was a standard work into the final decades of the nineteenth century. Not in the Canon Law Collection of the Library of Congress.

      [Bookseller: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.]
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        The Lawyer's Magazine, Or, Attorney's and Solicitor's Universal Library . . . Containing, Whatever is useful, instructive, or entertaining, in The Theory or Practice of the Laws of England [etc.]. Second Edition of Volume One. Two Volumes [all published]

      London: Printed by his Majesty's Law Printer, For William Owen [etc.], 1761-62. [1]Contemporary 1/4 calf, rubbed, joints cracked and a bit strained; [2] modern 1/4 calf; browning in both volumes, two leaves in facsimile; usable A rare set of the first English legal periodical, its contents both theoretical and practical, including "A Tract on the Unreasonableness of the Laws of England, in Regard to Wives", seemingly the first effort to reform the English law of women

      [Bookseller: Meyer Boswell Books, Inc.]
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        Histoire critique de Nicolas Flamel et de Pernelle sa femme; Recueillie d'Actes anciens qui justifient l'origine & la médiocrité de leur fortune contre les imputations des Alchimistes. On y a joint le Testament de Pernelle & plusieurs autres pièces intéressantes. Par M. L.V.

      chez Desprez,, A Paris, 1761 - Cm. 17, pp. xii, 403 (5). Antiporta raffigurante Nicolas Flamel ed una tavola ripiegata f.t. con l'immagine della casa di rue Montmorency di proprietà di quest'ultimo. Bella legatura del tempo in pieno vitello, dorso a nervi con titoli e fregi in oro. Piatti inquadrati da triplice filetto, sguardie marmorizzate e tagli dorati. Una minima mancanza alla cuffia superiore ma esemplare molto ben conservato. Opera non comune ed assai interessante, la più importante testimonianza della vita del famoso alchimista francese vissuto nel quattordicesimo secolo. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Studio Bibliografico Benacense]
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        The Plans, Elevations and Sections, of Holkham in Norfolk, the Seat of the Late Earl of Leicester

      London: J. Haberkorn, 1761. First edition. With 28 plates on 27 sheets printed in sepia. DUPLICATION of plate 2 hence w/o plate 3. [vi] pp. Folio. 19th-century quarter brown calf and boards, red morocco spine label. Covers scuffed, hinges strengthened, some foxing to plates. First edition. With 28 plates on 27 sheets printed in sepia. DUPLICATION of plate 2 hence w/o plate 3. [vi] pp. Folio. Berlin 2336 (for 1773 edition ); Lowndes I, 267

      [Bookseller: James Cummins Bookseller ]
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        Recherches sur l’origine du despotisme oriental...

      s.t, 1761. 12mo (cm. 18,2), XXXII-435 pp. Buona legatura posteriore in mz. pelle con nervi, fregi e titolo oro su tassello in pelle rossa. Esemplare in barbe in ottimo stato di conservazione. Prima edizione. Libro raro.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Ex Libris s.r.l.]
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        Q.D.B.V. de tabulariis urbis Romae libellum academicum consensu amplissimi philosophorum ordinis publice propositum a contradicentium obiectionibus tuebuntur * Handeinband der Zeit, beigebunden zwei weitere Veröffentlichungen (Münzkunde)

      Vollständige Ausgabe in Handeinband der Zeit: Pappband im Format 8vo 17 x 20,8 cm, 39 Seiten, Schrift: Fraktur, mit gestochenem Titelkupfer und Schlußvignette. - Beigebunden: 1. "Accurate Anzeige der gröbern und kleinern Silber-Münzsorten, wie solche bey dem in Augsburg angestellten Münz-Probations-Convent gegen die Kaiserlichkönigliche Ausmünzung anzunehmen", Augsburg 1761 (24 Seiten) - 2. "Accurate Vorstellung sämtlicher jezo im Schwang gehenden Münz- und Geldsorten, hauptsächlich derer, welche seit den Jahren 1756-1760 bekannt worden nebst beygefügten richtigen Verzeichnis, wie hoch jedes Stück am Werth sey. Zum Nutzen des Publici herausgegeben und mit dazugehörigen Kupferstichen versehen", 1761 (20 Seiten, ohne Zählung, mit 3 ausklappbaren Münz-Übersichtstafeln / Kupferstichen). - Johann Georg Richter, Christian August Schmidt, illustrierte Bücher , Münzwesen, Münzkunde, Reichstaler, Münzsorten Silbermünzen, Währung im 18. Jahrhundert, Münzen / Währung deutscher Fürstentümer. - Erstausgabe in guter Erhaltung (Signaturaufkleber auf Vorderdeckel, Papier ganz leicht gebräunt, kleiner Eckenausschnitt am fliegenden Vorsatz, sonst sehr gut)

      [Bookseller: Galerie für gegenständliche Kunst]
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      Coburg, Findeisen, 2. Auflage 1761. - worinnen die meisten Betrügereyen in allen Ständen, nebst denen darwider guten Theils dienenden Mitteln. 8 Blatt, 524 Seiten, 2 Blatt, Pergamentband der Zeit, 17,5 x 11 cm, Einband leicht angestaubt, innen gleichmäßig leicht gebräunt, alte Anmerkungen auf dem Vorsatz. Gutes Exemplar.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat H. Carlsen]
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        Abregé du commentaire de la coutume de Touraine

      First Edition. Full contemporary granité.Pièce Calf title and volume number in red morocco. Head cover of Volume II threadbare in part, the same for the tail headdress. Upper and lower joints of Volume II split tail. Latest comments on the custom of Touraine dating back to a century, and were given in 1661 by Pallu In this new book, Jaquet, lawyer Grenoble, lists all the laws of the kingdom, section by section, providing provincial differences.; which gives a very serious look at the custom, not only in Touraine, but in its position towards the kingdom of France. Red stamp on the flyleaf: André Bayard, Evreux. A blue stamp title page: Seminarium Ebroicense. --- Please note that the translation in english is done automatically, we apologize if the formulas are inaccurate. Contact us for any information! Chez Fournier A Auxerre 1761 2 tomes en 2 Vol. in 4 (19x25,5cm) 775 (1)pp. et 783pp. relié

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        Recherches sur l'origine du despotisme oriental. Ouvrage posthume de Mr. B.I.D.P.E.C.

      (Genève), 1761. ____ Edition originale. Editée par d'Holbach, on ne sait trop ce qui revient à ce philosophe dans la rédaction de ce livre et ce qu'il faut attribuer à Boulanger. Elle contient en tête de l'ouvrage la "Lettre de l'auteur à M. [Helvétius]", qui manque à la plupart des éditions ultérieures. Diderot écrivait à Sophie : "Le livre de Boulanger est très rare ici; nous en avons fait venir, par la poste, deux ou trois exemplaires qu'on nous a soufflés. Sachez d'Uranie si l'êpitre dédicatoire [c'est la lettre à Helvétius] est à son exemplaire." Cité par Naville, D'Holbach p.180. Coins légèrement frottés, bon exemplaire. Vercruysse, Biblio. descriptive des écrits du Baron d'Holbach F-1. *****. In-12. [166 x 95 mm] Collation : XXXII, 435 pp. Veau marbré, dos orné, tranches rouges. (Reliure de l'époque.).

      [Bookseller: Hugues de Latude]
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        26 Ex æ de Bacchi, nunc S. Urbani... / Adfixum parieti domus... / In Basilica S. Mariæ Transtiberim / Tibure in foro prope Signa Aegyptiaca / Præ ter Basilicam S. Petri... / In æ dibus Farnesianis Transtiberinis / In hortis Palatinis Farnesianis. /

      1761. inserita nell'opera "DELLA MAGNIFICENZA ED ARCHITETTURA DE' ROMANI" edita da Firmin Didot Frères nel 1761. Unione di due tavole

      [Bookseller: Libreria Trippini Sergio]
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        Mémoires de l'Académie royale de chirurgie. Nouvelle édition.

      Paris, Le Prieur, 1761 - 1774. ____ Collection complète de ces Mémoires de la plus haute importance pour l'histoire de la chirurgie. Ils sont illustrés par 94 planches gravées sur cuivre. Tome I, 1761 : frontispice, XL, 778, (2) pp., 20 planches h.-t. Tome II, 1769 : Frontispice, (4), XCVII, (7), 612 pp., 22 pl. - Tome III, Veuve Delaguette, 1757 : Frontispice, (4), 139, (5), 680, (2) pp., 19 pl. - Tome IV, 1768 : Frontispice, (4), 123, (1), 699, (1) pp., 9 pl. - Tome V, Didot, 1774 : Frontispice, (4), XVI, 928 pp., 19 pl. Quatre coiffes usées, un des volumes est dans une reliure un peu différente des autres. Assez bon exemplaire dans l'ensemble. *****. 5 volumes in-4. [252 x 190 mm] Collation : Veau marbré, dos à nerfs orné, tranches rouges. (Reliure de l'époque.).

      [Bookseller: Hugues de Latude]
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        Document signed in 1760 by Jeffrey Amherst while Major General and Commander in Chief of all His Majesties Forces in North America.

      Not published, New York, NY 1761 - One folio leaf, containing 26 lines of text. Signed by Jeffery Amherst and countersigned by his private secretary Arthur Mair. Dated December 2, 1761 at New York, it conveys permission to John Hawkins acting paymaster of the Engineering Department a sum of more than 8,535 pounds Sterling for expenes in "carrying on the Works at several Forts." The document was torn in half, with no loss, and was repaired long ago with archival tape on the reverse. Minor soiling and creasing. Size: Quarto (4to) [Attributes: First Edition; Signed Copy; Soft Cover]

      [Bookseller: Kurt Gippert Bookseller ABAA]
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        De Poenis Ecclesiasticis Praxis Absoluta et Universalis, Iam Primum...

      1761. A Standard Canon-Law Treatise on Punishment Tesauro, Carlo Antonio [1587-1655]. Giraldi, Ubaldo [1692-1775], Editor. De Poenis Ecclesiasticis Praxis Absoluta et Universalis. Iam Primum in Duas Partes Distributa Nunc Notis, Et Accessionibus Earumdem Poenatum ab Anno MDCLIII. ad Usque MDCCLX. Inflictarum Locupletata ab Adm. R.P. Ubaldo Giraldi a S. Cajetano. Opus Diligenter Revisum, Emendatumque, Ac Propositionibus ab Apostolica Sede Proscriptis Auctum. Padua: Typis Seminarii, 1761. [iv], 361 pp. Main text in parallel columns. Folio (13-1/2" x 9"). Contemporary vellum, gilt-stamped title to spine, edges rouged. Boards somewhat bowed, a few minor smudges to rear board, corners and spine ends bumped. Title page printed in red and black. Light toning to text, minor stains to a few leaves, light soiling to title page. Later owner signature to front free endpaper, interior otherwise clean. A handsome copy. $750. * Later edition. First published in 1640, this treatise on punishments by a Jesuit canonist went through at least six editions. It was a standard work into the final decades of the nineteenth century. Not in the Canon Law Collection of the Library of Congress.

      [Bookseller: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.]
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        Chrysal: or, the Adventures of a Guinea

      London, for T Becket,, 1761. Wherein are exhibited Views of several striking Scenes, with Curious and interesting Anecdotes of the most Noted Persons in every Rank of Life, whose Hands it passed through, in America, England, Holland, Germany, and Portugal. By an Adept. The Second Edition greatly inlarged and corrected. 2 volumes, 12mo. Contemporary calf, vol. I neatly rebacked with the original spine laid down, orange morocco lettering-pieces, spines gilt in compartments, red sprinkled edges. Contemporary Richardson armorial bookplates. Spines rather rubbed with some loss of gilt, light even toning, a very good copy. First published the previous year, Johnstone's Chrysal, a "novel of circulation" which follows a gold coin through the hands of various owners, the great, the vicious and the foolish, was one of the bestselling novels of the 18th century.

      [Bookseller: Peter Harrington]
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        L'Artillerie raisonnée. Contenant la description et l'usage des différentes bouches à feu, avec les principaux moyens qu'on a employés pour les perfectionner. La théorie et la pratique des mines, et du jet des bombes, et l'essentiel de tout ce que l'artillerie a de plus intéressant depuis l'invention de la poudre à canon.

      Paris CharlesAnt. Jombert 1761 - In-8, XXII-(2)-579-(4) pp., XXX planches dépliantes H.T. Reliure plein veau époque, dos à nerfs orné de filets et fleurons, pièce de titre rouge, triple filet doré en encadrement sur les plats, tranches dorées. Reliure aux armes du duc de La Vauguyon.(reliure un peu frottée, quelques mouillures et salissures sur les planches et marges fragilisées). Édition originale. Ce volume formera ensuite la première partie de l'ouvrage de l'ingénieur Guillaume Leblond "Elémens de la guerre des sièges à l'usage des jeunes militaires" qui sera composé de trois volumes : 1° L'artillerie raisonnée. 2° L'attaque des places. 3° La défense des places. Quérard précise que seul L'Artillerie raisonnée possède sa propre page de titre et fut publiée à part d'une manière autonome. Guillaume Le Blond (1704-1781), ingénieur, professeur de mathématiques des pages de la Grande Ecurie du roi, puis des Enfants de France, auteur de plusieurs traités. Dans ses ouvrages qui formèrent des générations d'officiers, il réalise une synthèse des théories officielles laissées en héritage par Vauban. Exemplaire relié aux armes d'Antoine-Paul-Jacques de Quélen (1706-1772), comte puis duc de Vauguyon, prince de Carency, dont le père avait été substitué en 1670 aux noms et armes des maisons de Stuer et de Caussade. Capitaine de cavalerie en 1729, colonel en 1734, brigadier en 1743, menin du dauphin, fils de Louis XV, en 1745, marechal de camp dans la même année, gouverneur de Doullens en 1747, lieutenant général en 1748 et gouverneur de Cognac. Chevalier des ordres du roi en 1753, gouverneur et premier gentilhomme de la chambre du duc de Bourgogne en 1758, pair de France la même année. Après la mort de son élève, survenue en 1761 il fut chargé de l'éducation des trois autres fils du dauphin qui devinrent ensuite Louis XVI, Louis XVIII et Charles X. (Olivier Hermal Roton 1537). [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: LIBRAIRIE GIARD]
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        THE PARENT'S AND GUARDIAN'S DIRECTORY, and the Youth's Guide, in the Profession or Trade. Containing I. An Essay on the Education of the Tradesman and Mechanic. II The qualifications necessary for those designed for the Three Learned Professions. III. An account of the several Trades and Mechanic Arts, digested in alphabetical Order; In which the Businesses omitted by other Authors are here inserted; the Qualifications necessary for each

      .trade are explained; the Sums given with the Apprentices; the Wages of Journeymen; and the Sums required to set up Matters, are exhibited. IV. Advice to an Apprentice on his Behaviour while subject to his Master. viii, 1 - 316pp. Contemporary full sheep with red leather label to spine. 12mo. First edition. Front free endpaper coming loose; fault and tear in page 44/45 with evidence of old repair; substantial worming between pages 237 and 271, in inner margin, with some loss of letters; else a very good copy of a very rare book.

      [Bookseller: David Miles]
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        An Account of the War in India, between the English and the French, on the Coast of Coromandel from the Year 1750 to the Year 1760. Together with A Relation of the late Remarkable Events on the Malabar Coast, and Expeditions to Golconda and Surat

      London: Printed for T Jefferys, 1761. xxxiii+270+[2]+15+[1]+48+xix+[1] pages 14 of 18 engraved plates, maps (many folding) and index. Quarto (10 1/4" x 8 1/4") in original leather binding. First edition.Richard Owen Cambridge was a British poet. He was educated at Eton and at St John's College, Oxford. Leaving the university without taking a degree, he took up residence at Lincolns Inn in 1737. Four years later he married, and went to live at his country seat of Whitminster, Gloucestershire. In 1751 he removed to Twickenham, where he enjoyed the society of many notable persons. Horace Walpole in his letters makes many jesting allusions to Cambridge in the character of news-monger. His chief work is the Scribleriad (1751), a mock epic poem, the hero of which is the Martinus Scriblerus of Alexander Pope, John Arbuthnot and Jonathan Swift. The poem is preceded by a dissertation on the mock heroic, in which he avows Cervantes as his master. The satire shows considerable learning, and was eagerly read by literary people; but it never became popular, and the allusions, always obscure, have little interest for the present-day reader. He made a valuable contribution to history in his Account of the War in India on the Coast of Coromandel from the year 1750 to 1760 (1761). He had intended to write a history of the rise and progress of British power in India, but this enterprise went no further than this one work, as he found that Robert Orme, who had promised him the use of his papers, contemplated the execution of a similar plan. The Works of Richard Owen Cambridge, includes several pieces never before published. It contains an Account of his Life and Character by his Son, George Owen Cambridge (1803), the Scribleriad, some narrative and satirical poems, and about twenty papers originally published in Edward Moore's paper, The World. His poems are included in Alexander Chalmers' English Poets (1816.Condition:Previous owner's name in neatly written dated 1806 on front end paper with his book plate on front past down with his library stamp. Lacks rear free end paper. Front hinge separated, back hinge cracked. Lacks the Mongol on horse back plate, map of Maratta County, view of the attack on Geriah and view of Surat. Front worn, spine ends and corners reinforced and repaired, new spine label else about very good.

      [Bookseller: The Book Collector ]
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        Elogio storico alle gesta del Beato Odorico dell'ordine de' Minori Conventuali con la storia da lui dettata de' suoi viaggj asiatici.

      Presso Antonio Zatta,, In Venezia, 1761 - Cm. 30, pp. viii, 152. Grande antiporta ripiegata raffigurante il Beato Odorico nell'atto di battezzare, arma al centro del frontespizio, una tavola ripiegata f.t. inc. in rame raffigurante l'Arca del Beato Odorico, in fine grande carta geografica dell'Asia (50 x 63) datata Venezia 1760 ed un albero genealogico ripiegato dei re Ottogari. Legatura ottocentesca in mezza pelle con punte con titoli impressi a piatto anteriore e dorso. Esemplare marginoso e genuino, senza difetti, fatto salvo per un paio di piccole fenditure alle carte. Impressa su carta di ottima qualità. Il Beato Odorico Mattiuzzi (ca. 1265) fu uno dei più illustri missionari dell'Ordine, viaggiando sino all'Estremo Oriente poco dopo Marco Polo, recandosi in Asia Minore, Mongolia, Cina e India. Fu infatti il primo europeo dopo Marco Polo che menzionò e descrisse Sumatra. Al suo rientro a Venezia Odorico redasse la cronaca dei suoi viaggi chiamandola "Itinerarium", di questo codice si conoscono 73 manoscritti redatti in latino, francese e italiano. "Nel 1318 si imbarca a Venezia per Costantinopoli. Di qui attraversa il Mar Nero e prosegue lentamente per via di terra raggiungendo il Golfo Persico, dove torna a imbarcarsi verso l'India. Giunto a Tana, presso Bombay, ritrova e prende con se' i resti di quattro frati francescani, massacrati nel 1321. Risalito in nave, è il primo europeo a raggiungere l'Indonesia, e di qui infine arriva in Cina, sbarcando a Canton. Ma la sua meta finale è Khanbaliq, la capitale dell'immenso impero, dove arriva nel 1325, dopo sette anni di viaggio." Opera attribuita alternativamente a Giuseppe Vanni ed a Fr. Benofi. Cfr. Melzi I, 353. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Studio Bibliografico Benacense]
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        Candide, ou l'Optimisme traduit de l'allemand de Mr. Le Docteur Ralph

      S.l., 1761, in 12, de 259pp. 2ff. de table - suivi de : Candide ... Seconde partie, S.l. 1770, de 130pp., soit 2 parties en 1 vol. demi-veau moucheté XIXe genre ancien, dos orné, tr. rouges, qq. très rares rousseurs, bon exemplaire. Très rare édition remaniée et augmentée de la 2e partie. Candide a paru en 1759 et la seconde partie a été rajoutée à partir de 1761. Cette édition de 1761 a été remaniée par Voltaire, en particulier le chapitre XXII. La seconde partie est de nos jours attribuée à Dulaurens. La paternité de cette Seconde partie fut dévolue à Thorel de Campigneulles, mais immédiatement démentie par ce dernier. Faute d'attribution sérieuse, le nom de Campigneulles est resté accolé à cette 2e partie mais des études subséquentes ont démontré que l'abbé H.J. Dulaurens était l'auteur le plus probable de ce texte. cf. J. Rustin Les suites de Candide au XVIIIe siècle, in Studies on Voltaire and the 18th cent., 1972, p.1395. ¶ Bengesco n°1443 (avec la seconde partie) - Edition non mentionnée par Morize - Pas dans le cat. Voltaire de la BNF - Aucun exemplaire au cat. CCFR - Cat. KVK 2ex. (Genève, Oxford).

      [Bookseller: L'intersigne Livres anciens]
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        Les plus beaux Monuments de Rome ancienne ou: Recueil des plus beaux Morceaux de l´Antiquité Romaine qui existent encore.

      Rome: Bouchard & Gravier, 1761 First edition. Large folio (48,5 x 33,5 cm). (8), 90 pp. Contemporary half calf. Spine with 7 raised bands and 7 gilt fleurons and gilt-lettered red morocco label. Illustrated with title vignette, dedication with engraved vignette, 73 full-page engraved plates (44 with 2 illustrations), of which 19 depicting bas-reliefs and 9 engraved text-illustrations (ca 1/3 page). Several decorated 5-line initials. A monumental work on ancient Rome with splendid large views of monuments, squares, ruins, the in- and exterior of many buildings, architecture and sculpture. All copper engravings after Jean Barbault by Montagu, Freicenet, Giraud, Bouchard in the style of Piranesi. Binding a bit chafed and worn, upper margin of title page, the dedication and the preface repaired with a bit text-loss, 5 plates and 3 leaves with margin repairs (no text loss), 5 plates and 2 leaves with stains (usually marginal). Nevertheless, a well-bound and well-kept copy - complete with all plates - and still preserving the majestic splendour of this monumental edition. For a full description and more images please visit: .

      [Bookseller: Zaal Books]
 37.   Check availability:     NVvA     Link/Print  

        Le guide Fidele, guide de Bruxelles

      Morin 1761 - Le guide Fidele, Contenant la Description de la ville de Bruxelles tant Ancienne que Moderne, celle de ses Faux-Bourgs & de ses huit Chef-Mayeries, savoir Vilvorden, Grimberghe, Gaesbecke, Rode, Assche, Merchtem, Campenhout & Capelle. Ouvrage curieux & utile. A Bruxelles Chez J/ Morin, Imprimeur-Libraire marché aux Trippes, à la Bible, 1761 Rare et passionnant guide de Bruxelles et de ses environs, contenant, outre la description détaillée de lieux souvent fortement changés et de bâtiments dont beaucoup ont disparu, de très nombreux renseignements pratiques fort précis : adresses des hôtelleries et des tables d'hôtes, des quincaillers, des tailleurs, des musiciens, des maîtres de clavecin et de danse, des banquiers, des diplomates, des apothicaires, etc. les horaires des postes, les frais de scolarité à payer pour entrer à l'Académie royale, etc. Une mine de renseignements historiques. Réunion de plusieurs livrets à pagination séparée : -Description de la ville de Bruxelles septenaire : 52 pages -Suite de la description de la ville de Bruxelles, ancienne et moderne : 56 pages -Suitte de la description des huit Chef-Maieries du Brabant au département de Bruxelles : 52 pages -Suitte de la description des huit Chef-Maieries du Brabant au département de Bruxelles : 44 pages -Naissance des Rois, Reines, & principaux Princes &Princesses de l'Europe : 10 pages (paginées 53 à 62) -Académie royale sous la Haute Protection de S.A.R. le duc Charles de Lorraine & de Baar &c. &c, établie en cette Ville de Bruxelles près de la Fausse-Porte de Namur : 60 pages (paginées 53 à 112), où l'on trouve les adresses de la noblesse, des ministres et envoyés, des couvents, de la Cour ecclésiastique, des pasteurs, des médecins, des musiciens, et tous autres corps de métiers, les horaires des postes et des voitures publiques, ainsi que leurs lieux de départ, les cours des monnaies et les heures d'ouverture et de fermeture des portes de la ville. Reliure de l'époque plein veau marbré. Dos orné à six nerfs, pièce de titre de maroquin vert, tranches rouges, roulette (assez effacée) sur les coupes. Reliure frottée, usures aux coins. Intérieur en bon état. Quelques cahiers jaunis (impression sur un papier assez ordinaire). [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Lettres et musique]
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      Vienna February 2nd 1761 - Copper engraving (Very Good, uncut margins, remainder of other platemark in the lower blank margins) 58 x 44 cm (22.8 x 17.3 inches). An extremely rare 18th century broadside in Old Slavic Church Cyrillic, printed in Vienna, showcases an icon, made by the bishop of the Serbian Orthodox church, Arsenije Radivojevi_, for the only Serbian church in Slovakia. This extremely rare broadside is a copper engraved copy of an Orthodox painted icon, and showcases an image of young Virgin Mary, accompanied by her parents St. Anna and St. Joachim to the presentation to the temple to St. Zacharias, followed by a group of angels. The interior of the temple is decorated with Baroque rocaille ornaments and an image of the Annunciation in the upper part. The text below is written in the old Slavic Church Cyrillic script and is ornated with an image of the Serbian church in Kom‡rno in todayÕs Slovakia. The painted icon was ordered by a bishop of the Serbian Orthodox Church in the Eparchy of Buda, Arsenije Radivojevi_ (1759-1769) for the decoration of the Serbian church in Kom‡rno, consecrated to the Presentation in the Temple. The Eparchy of Buda (Budapest) in the 18th century covered the Serbian Othodox church on the territory of Hungay, which included parts of todayÕs Croatia, Slovakia and Czech Republic. The beginnings of this only Serbian Orthodox Church in Slovakia go to the year 1756, when the bishop of the Eparchy of Buda, Dionisije Novakovi_, started building the church. In 1759 Radivojevi_ took over the patronage over the construction, which was finished in 1770. The church was destroyed in a fire and it was rebuilt between 1849-1851. As mentioned in the text below, the engraving was made in Vienna, on February 2nd 1761. We can assume, the engraver could not read the Old Slavic Script, since some of the letters were misinterpreted. The print is extremely rare. We could not find any references to it, nor any examples in the institutions. The image below is one of the earliest views on the Orthodox Church in Kom‡rno. SEE OUR WEB-SITE FOR LONGER DESCRIPTION.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Dasa Pahor]
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        Histoire de l'université de Paris, depuis son origine jusqu'en l'année 1600

      Original, unusual Edition.Binding sheepskin half contemporary. Back smooth decorated, tail wheel. As an exhibit in red morocco ,; beige and volume number morocco. 2 copings frayed part, a split bit over 3 cm. Good copy. Chez Desaint & Saillant à Paris 1761 in-12 (10,5x17cm) XXV, 510 pp. (1) et (2) 516 pp. (1) et (2) 508 pp. et (2) 500 pp. (1) et (2) 503 pp. et (2) 496 pp, (1) et (2) 465 pp. (1) 7 volumes reliés

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        La Nouvelle Héloïse ou Lettres de deux amans, habitans d'une petite ville au pied des Alpes

      Paris infringement of the first edition under the title, previous called themselves indeed Letters of two lovers (whose original appeared in 1761). The editor Duchesne took the liberty of changing the original division of the letters (Volume 1: 65 Letters, Volume 2: 48 Letters, Volume 3: Volume 4 26 letters and 24 letters).It is illustrated with a frontispiece of Cochin and twelve boards inset engraved by Le Mire with frames, of Plover. These figures are the same as those of the first edition, apart from the twelfth.Title pages in red and black. This edition contains two prefaces, especially the famous second dialogued.Binders of the time in the open marbled fawn calf, back smooth ornate coffered and gilded florets, parts of title and volume number of red morocco, cold filet coaching boards, net gilded highlighting the cuts, all marbled. Modern bookplate (stamp) on each volume.Three rugged head caps with gaps and a threadbare, a missing tail cap. Three corners bumped.This large sensitive novel that made the glory of the epistolary novel enjoyed a great success upon its release, we took 4000 copies of the first edition and the work knew no less than 70 editions between 1761 and 1800. The demand became so strong that publishers began to rent the volumes to day and even hour. The work was blacklisted in 1806 for insulting the values ??of the Church.  Chez Duchesne A Paris 1764 In-12 (10x17cm) iv ; 454pp. et (2) 478pp. et (2) 504pp. et (4) 436pp. (8) 4 volumes reliés

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        Cosmologische Briefe über die Einrichtung des Weltbaues

      Augsburg: Eberhard Kletts Wittiv, 1761. 1st Edition. Hardcover. 8vo - over 7¾ - 9¾" tall. 8vo (19.4x12.0cm). xxviii, 318 pp., 1 folding printed table. Text with minor browning, first free endpaper with old ownership entries. Contemporary papercard board, gilt, somewhat rubbed. ----Houzeau-L. 8886. Poggendorff I, 1355 ; Goed. IV 1, 479, 1. Ziegenfuss II, 11. - The scarce first edition of Lambert's sensational "Cosmological Letters", his most important astronomical work, in which he to a large extent fore-shadowed the documentation of the basic features of the universe that Herschel later carried out. The work became very popular and was translated into French, Russian, and English, and it was later re-written and published as "Systeme du Monde" in Berlin, 1770. "Of special interest among Lambert's astronomical writings - apart from applications of his physical doctrines - are his famous Cosmologische Briefe über die Einrichtung des Weltbaues" (Augsburg, 1761). Not familiar with the similar ideas of Thomas Wright (1750) and with Kant's "Allgemeine Naturgeschichte und Theorie des Himmels" (1755), Lambert had the idea that what appears as the Milky Way might be the visual effect of a lens-shaped universe. On this basis he elaborated a theory according to which the thousand of stars surrounding the sun constituted a system. Moreover he considered the Milky Way as a large number of such systems, that is, a system of higher order... Only when William Hershel systematically examined the heavens telescopically and discovered numerous nebulae and "telescopic milky-ways" did it become obvious that Lambert's description was not mere science fiction but to a large extent a bold vision of the basic features of the universe" (Scriba in D.S.B. VII:598). --- Kant's mentor (Martin Knutzen) died in 1755, three years before the pre-critical project unfolded. But Kant still had the chance of meeting kindred spirits. One of these was the great philosopher and mathematician Johann Heinrich Lambert, whom he admired a great deal. Finally he had encountered a thinker who appreciated both the scientific and metaphysical perspective, who worried about their tensions, and who was searching for a truce. In his "Cosmologische Briefe..." (Cosmological Letters on the establishment of the universe), Lambert worked on the same topic as Kant had worked on in his earlier Universal Natural History. The tasks and results of both works resemble each other, in so far as they were both proposals of integrating Newtonian physics into a larger framework, and they both contained a theory of the dynamic constitution of the universe. Furthermore, as Kant's scientific works should be viewed under the perspective of his general philosophical outlook, so must Lambert's work in physics and astronomy be seen in relation to his general philosophical outlook and his perpetual quest for introducing mathematical exactness into the sciences. "Lambert's efforts to improve communication and collaboration in astronomy were noteworthy. He promoted the publication of astronomical journals and founded "Berliner astronomisches Jahrbuch oder Ephemeriden". Many of the articles that he contributed to it were not published until after his death... He also favored the founding of the Berlin observatory. These suggestions, in line with Leibniz' far-reaching plans for international cooperation of scientific societies, inaugurated a new period of scientific teamwork." (D.S.B., VII:598). Very Good.

      [Bookseller: Milestones of Science Books]
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