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        Catalogus Librorum Manuscriptorum Bibliothecae Cottonianae

      Oxford: e Theatro Sheldoniano, 1696. Leather Bound. Very Good. E Theatro Sheldoniano, Oxford., 1696. Folio, [xii],l,[ii],159,[25]pp. Contemporary leather boards, Modern reback in contemporary style. Wear to extremities. Internally excellent. End pages have browning and chipping, the rest of the book is clean and bright, without markings, excessive soiling or foxing. See our pictures. <br><br> The library formed by Sir Robert Bruce Cotton (1571-1631) during the early seventeenth century was the major antiquarian collection in England at the time, and as early as the 1620s was a landmark in the political and cultural life of the country, containing as it did both outstanding literary manuscripts and important state records. The library counted Ben Jonson, Sir Walter Raleigh, and Francis Bacon among its borrowers. After his death the library passed successively to his son and grandson, and it was the latter, John, who authorized the publication by his librarian, Thomas Smith, of the first printed catalogue. This catalogue is particularly valuable, as it pre-dates the disastrous fire of 1731, which destroyed or damaged over two hundred of the manuscripts. Smithââ&#130;¬â&#132;¢s catalogue is therefore the prime record for volumes now lost. Smith also knew the Cotton family well and the Latin essays, with which he prefaced his catalogue, are an important source for the history of the family and for the development of the collection.

      [Bookseller: SequiturBooks]
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        [Greek text]. Aischimnou Ho peri stephenou logos. Interpretationem Latinam, et vocum difficiliorum explicationem adjecerunt P. Foulkes, J. Freind, Ædis Christi alumni

      [Oxford:] excudebat Johan. Crooke, 1696 [date in Greek]. First edition of the two antagonistic orations of Æschines and Demosthenes as edited, with a Latin translation, by the young Oxford students Peter Foulkes and John Friend, who were both about twenty when this volume was printed. Contemporary calf. Gilt spine with red morocco label. . Octavo. With three engraved portraits, of the two orators and of Cicero, by M. Burg; these are included in the pagination. The Latin translation is printed at the bottom of each page. Joints, corners a bit rubbed, a little light foxing. A very good copy. This was for many years a popular edition; and was reprinted in 1715 if not oftener: but the first is the preferable edition, and is considered very correct. The explanation of the more difficult Greek words at the end, was among the principal causes of its popularity" (Dibdin I, 487).

      [Bookseller: Michael R. Thompson, Booksellers, ABAA/I]
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        Typus Haffniæ, Regni Daniæ Metropolis et Sedis Regiæ utet Obsidii quo a S.R. Maj. Sueciæ Anno 1658 premebatur.

      Kobberstukket prospekt af København, stukket af Jean le Pautre efter tegnet forlæg af Erik Dahlberg. (Nürnberg, 1696). Lysmål: 104x28,5 cm. Med brede marginer. I guldramme.. Meget dekorativt prospekt og den bedste grafiske fremstilling af København fra 1600-tallets anden halvdel. Den store tredobbelte planche stammer fra Samuel Pufendorfs monumentale værk om Karl X Gustavs bedrifter i Polen, Tyskland og Danmark og viser det belejrede København i sensommeren 1658 set fra det nuværende Nørrebro med ruinerne af Christian IVs Ladegaard i forgrunden. Stikket gengiver situationen med svenske belejringstropper og jordværker tæt inde under byens volde. I takt med at udfaldene fra byen blev stadig hyppigere, og de belejrede blev fik forstærkninger fra Holland, trak svenskerne sig tilbage til en kæmpemæssig lejr ved Brønshøj.** Forlægget til stikket er en tegning - der formentlig bygger på en lang række skitser tegnet på stedet - af den ferme svenske ingeniørofficer Erik Dahlberg. Byen bag voldene er skildret med største nøjagtighed med den skyline, den havde fået gennem Christian IVs regeringstid. I forgrunden af billedet ses det svenske kongepar - den patologisk tyvagtige dronning Hedvig Eleonora sidder i en stor karosse, mens Karl Gustav er omgivet af hoffolk og officerer. Forgrunden myldrer med detaljer af militærhistorisk interesse: Her er omhyggeligt gjort rede for belejrernes udrustning og dragter

      [Bookseller: Vangsgaards Antikvariat]
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        Opera Omnia Duobus Tomis Distincta, Complectentia Historiam De Deis Gentium, Musis Et Hercule, Rem Nauticam, Sepulcralia, et Varios Sepeliendi Ritus, Historiam Poetarum Graecorum et Latinorum, Kalendarium Romanum et Graecum Cum Libello De Annis, Mensibus

      Lugduni Batavorum: Hackium, Boutesteyn, Vivie, Vander AA, & Lucthmans, 1696 Two volumes bound in one of this first collected edition of Giraldi&#39;s works; (20) + 772 + (26) + 928 + (30) pages Index Rerum et Verborum + (1) page Catalogus Amicorum Lilii, Quorum Meminit in epistola Direptionis Urbanae...; paginated in two columns, except for the &#39;Varia&#39; section; collated complete; text printed double-column; engraved illustrated frontispiece + 7 full page and 2 double-page plates, beautifully accomplished by Avele after Botard, superb engravers&#39; work, with full and lively compositions, realistically posed and drawn with action; title page with publishers&#39; woodcut ornament and printed in red and black; the text with title and endpiece ornamentation and initial ornamentation as well, nicely printed and with good wide margins; 11th ed. Britannica cites Giraldi, Giglio Gregorio (Lilius Gregorius Gyraldus) 1470-1552 Italian scholar and poet, born at Ferrara, "...where he early distinguished himself by his talents and acquirements... he removed to Naples, hwere he lived on familiar terms with Jovianus Pontanus and Sannazaro; and subsequently to Lombardy, where he enjoyed the favour of the Mirandola family. At Miland in 1507 he studied Greek under Chalcondylas; and shortly afterwards, at Modena, he became tutor to Ercole (afterwards Cardinal) Rangone. About the year 1514 he removed to Rome, where, under Clement VII, he held the office of apostolic protonotary; but having in the sack of that city (1527) which almost coincided with the death of his patron Cardinal Rangone, lost all his property, he returned in poverty once more to Mirandola, whence again he was driven by the troubles consequent on the assassination of the reigning prince in 1533. The rest of his life was one long struggle with ill-health, poverty and neglect; and he is alluded to with sorrowful regret by Montaigne in one of his Essais (i. 34) as having, like Sebastian Castalio, ended his days in utter destitution. He died at Ferrara...a man of very extensive erudition; and numerous testimonies to his profundity and accuracy have been given both by contemporary and by later scholars. His Historia... marked a distinctly forward step in the systematic study of classical mythology; and by his treatises De Annis et Mensibus, and on the Calendarium..., he contributed to bring about the reform of the calendar, which was ultimately effected by Pope Gregory XIII...Giraldi was also an elegant Latin poet."; approximately 15" tall by 10"; bound in full, probably contemporary leather; seven raised spine bands, gilt floral roll tool rectangles with fruit & leafy spray devices at corner of inner box surrounding a heavily-impressed and complex gilt central device with heroic figure surrounded by winged angel figures & cherubs, figure holding a spear and a book, shield below with cross device and the motto Sic Itur Ad Astra (onward to the heavens); all edges tinted red; spine leather covering 1/3 gone, very charred and worn; both boards still attached and the binding firm; first leaves a bit maladjusted at the inner margin, from the heaviness of the binding pulling at them; text block with some spotting and darkening, section at back with old bit of creasing at top corners; nevertheless, mostly very fresh and clean, free from markings or wear; in good condition and worthy of a rebacking or rebinding.. First Edition. Leather Binding. Good.

      [Bookseller: Certain Books, ABAA]
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        Relations de divers voyages curieux, qui nont point este publiees

      A very complete copy, with a distinguished Provenance. 1696. Paris. Thomas Moette. Two volumes in folio (350 mm x 218 mm). A very difficult and tricky collation, available upon request, but more complete than most copies, as mentioned by Brunet (including the parts that would integrate the fifth part never published and the rare fragments, see collation for details). Contemporary calf, boards with gilt fillet and centre with arms of the Lindesiana; neatly and tastefully rebacked to style, with raised bands, tooled and lettered in gilt. Foxing spots and toning throughout, heavier to places, occasional soiling; folding maps generally in excellent condition but with a few tears here and there. Amongst travel collections, Thevenot?s occupies a distinguished place, being one of the most complete and lavishly produced; its scope includes Africa, the Far East, South East Asia, America, amongst other places. The relation on Australia is certainly one of the most significant and primary sources of information on the Island. The collection is also of great American interest; it contains Palafox?s study on the natives, Acarette du Biscay?s relation of La Plata and Gage?s relation, which includes an important passage on Mexico, and is profusely illustrated. Asia and Africa are also well represented here, with actually more than half of the first volume being dedicated to it. Possibly the most important relation is that of Abel Tasman. The illustration is composed of maps, views and plates; the maps includes East Africa, the Indies, China, Hindustan, the Tasman map of Australia in its second issue ?with rhumb lines- and several others; the plates show costumes, plants, architecture and such. The Tasman map is a cornerstone of Australian cartography, both as the earliest obtainable map of the region as well as the predominant depiction from which the World would know the Island for about a century. The importance of this map, thus, can hardly be overstated. An exceedingly difficult book to collate, ?Bibliographers have expended great pains on the collation of the Thevenot collection? (Catalogue of the John Carter Brown Library, vol. III, 102); ?Collection interessante, don?t il est difficile de trouver des exemplaires complets? (Brunet). Thevenot?s collection was published in parts and over roughly 10 years, thus almost no copy is alike another. The first part went to the printer in 1663, the second and third in 1666 and the fourth 1672, a fifth part was being prepared when death found Thevenot before completion. Sabin?s note is very enlightening regarding this issue ?It will be understood from this that there really was only one edition of Thévenot, and as that edition was completed only in 1696, the issue bearing that year on its general title-page is ordinarily regarded as the standard for collation.? This collection has been collated against Brunet, for it appears the most comprehensive bibliography: ?The standard authority on the work as a whole is still the Mémoire sur la Collection des grands et petits Voyages, et sur la Collection des Voyages de Melchisedech Thevenot, by A G. Camus, Paris, 1802. Brunet gave a collation in which he added two pieces not recorded by Camus.? (JCBL). First volume: [First part] title; 5 ff. + folding plate (pyramid) + xxv (verso of xxv with plate) [Description des pyramides d? Egypte] + 1 plate; 52 [Relation des Cosaques et des Tartares & Relation de la Colchide] + folding plan; 25 [Informatinone della Giorgia]; 17-29 & 36-40 (several foliation errors, complete); 1-12 + folding map of Indoustan [Relation du Mogol]; 80 [Memoires de Th. Rhoe]; 30 (errors in foliation, pages 7 & 8 are replaced by a double page map of Indoustan, as explained by Brunet); 24 [1-9 a Greek extract of Cosmas? voyage, 10 & 19-24 a description of the animals and plants of the Indies, badly foliated but complete, as explained by Brunet]; folding map (Vera delineation Civitatis Bassora) + 2 plates with inscriptions; 35 (with plate on verso of pp. 35)[Relation du royaume de Golconda et journal de Floris]; 55 (erros in foliation) [Voyage de Bontekoe] + large folding map of Hollandia Nova; [Second part] title (dated 1672) + 5 ff. 20 [Remontrance de Peisart] + 60 (errors in foliation) + 4 folding plates; folding map + 128 [Memoire du voyage aux Indes Orientales, par Beaulieu]; folding map of the Indies + folding plate + 40 [Relation des Isles Philippines];16 [Also on the Philippines]; 48 (pp. 45/46 replaced by a plate ?Maniere de faire la justice au Japon, as noted by Brunet, complete); 4 [Decouverte de la decouverte de la terre d? Eso]; missing the map of Pegu and Japan; 30 [Briefve relation de la Chine &  Flora Sinensis, by Michel Boym] + 5 plates of plants (3 folding). Second volume: [Third Part] title (dated 1696); 5 ff.; 31-68 [Voyage des ambassadeurs de la Compagnie-Hollandoise] + 4 plates & folding map; 28 [Route des Hollandois a Peking, Brunet explains how the map to illustrate this part is bound in the preceding part, as in this copy]; 221 (numerous errors in foliation, but complete, Brunet mentions 216) & folding map of China; 12 [Rapport des directeurs de la Compagnie Hollandoise]; [Fourth part] title + 1 ff.; 14 [L? Indien, Palafox]; 24 [Voyage dans la Riviere de la Plate]; 24 [Grueber, with Chinese alphabet, verso of pp. 23 a plate]; 23 [Grueber, same as before in French]; 24 [Sinarum Scientia politico-moralis], dated 1672]; 16 [Histoire de la Haute Ethiopie] + map and plate; 4 [Remarques sur la relation d? Ethiopie]; 16 [Relation de Lobo de l?empire des Abyssins, with a plate bound along with the Ethiopia map]; 8 [Decouverte de quelques pays]; 4 [Relation du voyage du Sayd]; title [Histoire de L? Empire Mexicain, dated 1696 and mentioning Moette, some copies, without date, mention Cramoisy, Palau never saw this variant] + 58 (46 plates); 40 [Relation du Mexique by Gage]. Here ends the Fourth Part. This copy contains several other relations, which are often lacking ?On doit trouver, a la suite de cette 4 partie, les pieces suivantes, qui manquent en totalite ou en partie dans beaucoup d? exemplaires? (Brunet): 4 [Voyage d?Abel Tasman]; 12 [Instruction sur les vents entre les Pays-Bas et l? ile de Java]; 16 [Ambassade de S?chahrok]; 16 [L? Asie de Barros]; 76 [Synopsis chronologique Monarchiae Sinicae]; 2 ff. [Relation des Chretiens de Saint-Jean]; 18 [Voyage de la Tercere de Chaste]; 34 (i.e. 32) [Elementa linguae Tartaricae]; includes the very rare fragments: the Spanish on the Salomon Islands pp. 5-16 and the Asganii Sassonii pp.17-48; as mentioned in Brunet (the complete relations were not included), who also says that fragments usually lack in their entirety. Bibliotheca Lindesiana IV, 8830- 8840. Brunet, Manuel du Libraire et de L? Amateur de Livres, V, pp. 810-13. Palau, 331563.

      [Bookseller: Hs Rare Books]
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        The Tryal and Condemnation of Sir John Friend . . . For Conspiring to Raise Rebellion in These Kingdoms . . . Who upon full Evidence was found Guilty of High-Treason, at the Sessions-House in the Old Bayly [etc.]

      The penultimate instance under English law (the last the next day) in which a defendant was charged with treason and hanged without benefit of counsel, Friend arraigned just two days before Parliament enacted enabling legislation. A good copy, in a modern 1/4 calf gilt over marbled boards. Printed for Brabazon Aylmer, at the Three Pigeons [etc.], London, 1696.

      [Bookseller: Meyer Boswell Books, Inc.]
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        THESAURUS BRANDENBURGICUS SELECTUS. Sive Gemmarum et Numismatum Græcorum, in Cimeliarchio Electorali Brandenburgico, Elegantiorum Series, Commentario Illustratæ a L. Begero, Serenissimi Electoris Brandenburgici Consiliario Ab Antiqvitatibus et Bibliotheca.

      In folio (mm. 418x264), 3 voll., cartonato rustico coevo, tit. ms. al dorso, così suddivisi: 1° vol.: 9 cc.nn., 524 pp.num. (l?Indice, di 21 cc., è nel vol. III); 2° vol. ?Thesauri electoralis Brandenburgici continuatio: sive Numismatum Romanorum..?: 8 cc.nn., 525-870 pp.num., 16 cc.nn. (di Indice); 3° vol.: ?.. Antiquorum Numismatum et Gemmarum.. Rariora ut & Supellectilem Antiquariam Uberrimam.. quorum pleraque cum Museo Belloriano..?: 7 cc.nn., 472 pp.num., 16 cc.nn. L?opera è magnificamente illustrata da: 3 antiporte (la prima firmata: A. Terwesten inv: C.F. Blesendorff f.), 3 splendide vignette ai tre frontespizi calcografici, testate, grandi capilett. figur., finali e numerosissime figure nel t., oltre a 1 tav. ripieg. ?Kunstkammer? (nel 1° vol.) e 43 tavv. f.t. (nel 3° vol.), tutte inc. su rame. Le bellissime tavole raffigurano monete greche, romane ?tam consularium quam imperatoriorum?, gemme, medaglie; busti, statue, bassorilievi di varie divinità greche, romane ed egiziane; le più svariate opere di antiquaria: simulacri, sarcofagi, sfingi, animali sacri, are, anfore, vasi, urne, insegne, gioielli, falli, lucerne, ecc. "Mancano 2 tavv.": il ritratto di Federico III (al 1° vol.) - la ?Wunderkamer? (al 2° vol.) - l?ultima c.b. (al vol. 1°). "Edizione originale", da molti considerata fra le più importanti opere tedesche sull?arte classica, prima di Winckelmann. Cfr. Cicognara,2757: ?Le tavole sono di accurata esecuzione. L?opera è grandiosa e dottissima, e forse la più copiosa fra quelle che sono illustrate? - Choix de Olschki,IX,12882 (che offre solo il primo vol.): ?Bel ouvrage. Les belles figures sont gravées par C.F. Blesendorff? - Dekesel ?Bibliotheca Nummaria II?, B. 70. Nel ns. esempl., marginoso con barbe, un vol. è brunito e uno con uniformi arross. più o meno pesanti interc. nel t., entrambi con alone marginale; uno (il 2°) è ben conservato. "Laurent Beger (Heidelberg 1653 - Berlin 1705), n?étant encore agé que de vingt-quatre ans, fut choisi par Charles-Louis, électeur palatin, pour etre bibliothécaire et garde des antiquités du cabinet de ce prince. Il eut cette double place jusqu?en 1685. Alors Frédéric-Guillaume, électeur de Brandebourg, s?attacha Beger, et lui donna le titre de conseiller. Beger fut membre de la Société de Berlin dès la formation de cette compagnie. Il est l?auteur de nombreux et importants ouvrages numismatiques et d?antiquaria". Cfr. Biographie Universelle,IV, p. 53. .

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Malavasi]
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        [Greek text]. Pausaniae Graeciae Descriptio accurata, qua Lector ceu manu per eam regionem.

      Lipsiæ (Leipzig), 1696. Folio. Cont. full calf w. 6 raised bands on back. Back richly gilt. Gilt title-label on back. Edges of boards gilt. Smaller pieces of leather are missing on back board. Back w. some wear. Capitals worn and lower back hinge a bit cracked. Title-page printed in red and black, engraved title-vignette. Very sound and internally near mint.. A fine edition and an estimated translation of Pausanias main work. The work is yielded as the very best Pausanias-edition and is renowned for its elegance and usefulness. "Édition estimée" (Brunet IV,455). "This is emphatically and justly called "edit. opt." of Pausanias. It is a very elegant and useful work, containing the most valuable parts of preceding editions, and having the advantage of being divided into chapters, with the arguments prefixed to each book, and the notes of Xylander and Sylburgius accompanying each page; it also contains the preface of the Hanover and Franckfort editions: the Greek text is given with great purity by Kühnius, to which are added his valuable and learned notes... The work is becoming scarce, and copies sell at a high price." (Dibdin II:272-73). Brunet IV pp. 455

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        Theatrum botanicum. das ist: neu vollkommenes kraeuter-buch/ worinnen allerhand erdgewaechse der baeumen/ stauden und kraeutern/ welche in allen vier theilen der welt/

      sonderlich aber in Europa herfür kommen/ neben ihren sonderbahren Eigenschaften... Auch mit schoenen/ theils neuen figuren gezieret... Basel, Jacob Bertsche, 1696. Folio (355 x 220mm). pp. (10), 995, (53), with engraved frontispiece, 1 folding engraved portrait of Zwinger and about 1200 woodcuts in the text. Contemporary vellum (old repair to hinges). First edition. Rare German herbal of which the second edition of 1744 seems to be more common than the present first editon. The work is largely based on Mattioli and is illustrated with the Gesner/ Camerarius woodcuts, which were used for several of the Mattioli editions. Theodor Zwinger (1658-1724) was professor of physics and botany at Basel and 'was most successful as a practioner and had a large number of patients. He was a man of great learning and sound scholarship...' (Ferguson II, p. 576). A fine large copy. Nissen BBI, 1311; Pritzel 10532.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariaat Junk B.V.]
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        Een Let Arithmetica Eller Regne-Kunst hvorudi findes Alle Slags Ud-Regninger/ ikke alleene til Lettelse ved dend daglig Handel udi Kiøb og Sal/ enten Priisen er liden eller stor/ men og gandske beqvem og nyttig for Folck/ af alle slags Conditioner.

      Kiøbenhafn, Joh. Jacob Bornheinrich, 1696. Upag. Indb. helpergament over træ.. Udkommet første gang 1689. (Bibl. Dan. II) Bogen hænger pænt sammen men er præget af brug gennem tiden. De sidste par friblade noget forrevne.(Porto kr. 40,- på brevforsendelser i Danmark)

      [Bookseller: Bøger & Kuriosa]
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        Analysin magni problematis isoperimetrici in actis erud. Lips. m. Maj. 1697 pag. 214 propositi ... sub praesidio Jacobi Bernoulli... publice defendendam suscipit Joh. Jacobus Episcopius.Basel: Typis Joh. Conradi à Mechel, 1701.

      Very rare first separate edition of Bernoulli's solution of the isoperimetric problem, which represents the beginnings of the calculus of variations, later to be developed extensively by Euler and Lagrange.<br/><br/> In 1696 Johann Bernoulli had posed as a challenge to the mathematicians of Europe the problem of finding the curve of quickest descent, the so-called brachistochrone. Solutions were given by L'Hospital, Leibniz, Newton, and by Johann's brother Jakob in the May 1697 issue of Acta Eruditorum, At the end of this memoir Jakob raised the isoperimetric problem as a challenge to his readers, but especially to Johann (he even offered Johann a prize of 50 silver ecus for a satisfactory solution within three months). The isoperimetric problem asks for the curve of a given length joining two fixed points in the plane for which a certain integral is a maximum (a special case would be to maximize the area contained between the curve and the straight line joining the two points). "Johann underestimated the complexity of this problem by failing to perceive its variational character; and he furnished an incomplete solution... and thereby brought upon himself the merciless criticism of his brother. This was the beginning of alienation and open discord between the brothers - and also the birth of the calculus of variations. A comparison of Jakob's solution [in the offered work] with Johann's analysis of the problem... clearly shows Johann's to be inferior. Nevertheless, Jakob was not able to enjoy his triumph, since - for reasons that remain mysterious - the sealed envelope containing Johann's solution was not opened by the [Paris] Academy until 17 April 1706, the year following Jakob's death" (DSB, under Johann Bernoulli). After solving the isoperimetric problem, "Jakob was able to furnish the proof [also contained in the offered work], which Johann and Leibniz had been seeking in vain, that the inexpansible and homogeneous catenary is the curve of deepest center of gravity between the points of suspension" (ibid., under Jakob Bernoulli).<br/><br/> This separate edition was published in March 1701, two months before its appearance in the May 1701 issue of Acta Eruditorum. It was dedicated to L'Hospital, Leibniz, Newton and Fatio de Duillier. <br/><br/> OCLC lists 6 copies worldwide, none in America.. 4to: 179 x 150 mm. Pp. 18,(2). Old limp vellum, end papers renewed, fine and clean. Small tape repair to page 18

      [Bookseller: Sophia Rare Books]
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        1. Johann: Supplementum defectus geometria cartesianae circa inventionem locorum; 2. Leibniz: Communicatio suae pariter, duarumque alienarum ad edendum sibi primum a Dn. Joh. Bernoullio; 3. Johann: Curvatura radii in diaphanis non uniformibus, ... ; 4. Jakob: Solutioproblematum fraternorum, ... ; 5. L'Hospital: Solutio problematis de linea celerrimi descensus; 6. Tschirnhaus: De methodo universalia theoremata eruendi, ... ; 7. Newton: Epistola missa ad praenobilem virum D. Carolum Mountague ...The Brachistochrone Problem. Leipzig: Gross & Fritsch, 1696-1697. First edition.

      In the June issue of Acta Eruditorum for the year 1696 Johann Bernoulli published a paper in which he presented a challenge to the best mathematicians:<br/><br/> <i>"Let two points A and B be given in a vertical plane. To find the curve that a point M, moving on a path AMB , must follow such that, starting from A, it reaches B in the shortest time under its own gravity."</i><br/><br/> Johann adds that this curve is not a straight line, but a curve well known to geometers, and that he will indicate that curve, if nobody would do so that year. Later that year Johann corresponded directly with Leibniz regarding his challenge. Leibniz solved the problem the same day he received notice of it, and almost correctly predicted a total of only five solutions: from the two Bernoullis, himself, L'Hospital, and Newton. Leibniz was convinced that the problem could only be solved by a mathematician who mastered the new field of calculus. (Galileo had formulated and given an incorrect solution to the problem in his <i>Dialogo</i>). <br/><br/> But by the end of the year Johann had still not received any other solutions. However, Leibniz convinced Johann that he should extend the deadline to Easter and that he should republish the problem. Johann now had copies of the problem sent to <i>Journal des sçavans</i>, the Philosophical Transactions, and directly to Newton. Earlier that year Johann had accused Newton for having filched from Leibniz' papers. Manifestly, both Johann and Leibniz interpreted the silence from June to December as a demonstration that the problem had baffled Newton. They intended now to demonstrate their superiority publicly. <br/><br/> But Newton sent a letter dated Jan. 30 1697 to Charles Montague, then president of the Royal Society, in which he gave his solution and mentioned that he had solved it the same day that he received it. Montague had Newton's solution published anonymously in the Philosophical Transactions. However, when Bernoulli saw this solution he realized from the authority which it displayed that it could only have come from Newton (Bernoulli later remarked that he 'recognized the lion by its claw'). <br/><br/> During the fall of 1697 Bernoulli further received solutions from his brother Jakob, L'Hospital and Tschirnhaus. In the May issue of <i>Acta Eruditorum</i> Bernoulli published these different solutions together with his own, and revealed to the learned world that the sought curve, which he called a brachistochrone, is a cycloid. Among the solutions the two by the Bernoulli brothers were of particular importance. Johann had ingeniously reformulated the challenge as a problem belonging to optics, i.e., the bending of a light ray through a transparent nonuniform media, and applied Fermat's principle of least time. He thus demonstrated the fundamental parallel between geometric optics and point mechanics, which would lead to the work of W.R. Hamilton in the 1830's. The solution by Jokab also contains a general principle, namely, that a curve which constitutes a maximum or minimum as a whole must also possess this property in the infinitesimal - the fundamental principle of the calculus of variations.. In: Acta Eruditorum, vol. 15 and 16: no.1 in 15:264-69, 1 plate; no. 2 in 16:201-5, 1 plate; no. 3 in 16: 206-11; no. 4 in 16:211-17; no. 5 in 16: 217-20; no. 6 in 16: 220-23; no. 7 in 16: 223-24. The two entire volumes offered. 4to: 208x170 mm. Two volumes in uniform contemporary vellum. pp [2] 604 and 9 plates; [8] 594 and 8 plates. Some heavy worming to pp 324-42 and plate vi of volume 15 (which is not part of any of the above mentioned articles). Some toning throughout as usual with the Acta. In all a very good set

      [Bookseller: Sophia Rare Books]
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        Opera Omnia duobus tomis distincta

      Lugduni Batavorum Leiden: Hackius et al 1696 Lugduni Batavorum [Leiden]: Hackius, et al, 1696. First collected edition. Two volumes in one vols., Folio. Engraved title page, 2 double-page and 6 full-page engraved plates. Contemporary vellum with central gilt-stamped arms on upper cover. Superb copy . Giraldi, Giglio Gregorio (Lilius Gregorius Gyraldus) 1470-1552) was an Italian scholar and poet, born at Ferrara, "where he early distinguished himself by his talents and acquirements. he removed to Naples, hwere he lived on familiar terms with Jovianus Pontanus and Sannazaro; and subsequently to Lombardy, where he enjoyed the favour of the Mirandola family. At Miland in 1507 he studied Greek under Chalcondylas; and shortly afterwards, at Modena, he became tutor to Ercole (afterwards Cardinal) Rangone. About the year 1514 he removed to Rome, where, under Clement VII, he held the office of apostolic protonotary; but having in the sack of that city (1527) which almost coincided with the death of his patron Cardinal Rangone, lost all his property, he returned in poverty once more to Mirandola, whence again he was driven by the troubles consequent on the assassination of the reigning prince in 1533. The rest of his life was one long struggle with ill-health, poverty and neglect; and he is alluded to with sorrowful regret by Montaigne in one of his Essais (i. 34) as having, like Sebastian Castalio, ended his days in utter destitution. He died at Ferrara a man of very extensive erudition; and numerous testimonies to his profundity and accuracy have been given both by contemporary and by later scholars. His HISTORIA marked a distinctly forward step in the systematic study of classical mythology; and by his treatises DE ANNIS ET MENSIBUS, and on the CALENDARIUM., he contributed to bring about the reform of the calendar, which was ultimately effected by Pope Gregory XIII. Giraldi was also an elegant Latin poet" (Encyclopedia Britannica, 11th ed.)

      [Bookseller: James Cummins Bookseller ]
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        Thesaurus eruditionis scholasticæ: Sive Supellex instructissima vocum, verborum, ac locutionum: tum rerum, sententiarum, adagiorum ac exemplorum... Jam olim post aliorum operas Per Augustum Buchnerum Recensitus & emendatus... Novam hanc editionem... Christophorus Cellarius...

      Thomas Fritsch, Leipzig 1696. Small folio. Titlepage in red and black. (6)+1303+(146) pages. Contemporary vellum. Bookplate on front pastedown. Well-preserved copy.. Not registered by Brunet. The first edition of this magnificent Latin encyclopedia came in 1571. This edition has German index

      [Bookseller: Vangsgaards Antikvariat]
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        Isole della Dalmatia Divise Ne Suoi Contadi Parte Occidentale

      Vincenzo Coronelli Venice: Vincenzo Coronelli, 1696. unbound. very good(+). Map. Engraving with hand coloring. Image measures 17 5/8" x 23.75". Beautiful double page map of Croatia and the Dalmatian Coast. Shows place names, topographical and geographical details, coats of arms and historical political boundaries. Features an extravagant cartouche of two figures, one royal and the other religious, drawn by cherubs, horses, mermaids and mermen in a beautiful side wheel boat. Historical and chronology notes on either side. Italian text on verso. In excellent condition. Published by Vincenzo Coronelli (1650-1718), a Venetian map and globe maker. He obtained his Doctor of Theology in 1673 in Rome and became the cosmographer to the Republic of Venice in 1684.

      [Bookseller: Argosy Book Store ]
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        (LA BRUYÈRE, JEAN de)

      Les caracteres de Theophraste traduits du grec, avec les caracteres ou les moeurs de ce siecle. Neuvieme edition, revûë & corrigée. Paris, E. Michallet, (1696). 12:o. (32),52,1-662,XLIV,(6) s. Titelbladet tryckt i rött och svart. Bra samtida ngt nött skinnbd med upphöjda bind, guldornerade pärmkanter och rygg samt titeletikett i röd marokäng. Rödstänkta snitt. Liten skinnförlust längst upp på ryggen och begynnande ytlig sprickbildning nederst i frampärmens ytterfals. Svag fuktfläck i yttre marginalen på s. 1-24 och två mindre fläckar i yttre marginalen på s. 649. Prydliga samtida marginalanteckningar. Med C. A. Gyldenstolpes namnteckning daterad i Paris 1699 och L. F. Rääfs exlibris.. Tchemerzine Bibliographie d'éditions originales et rares d'auteurs français III, s. 810. Le Petit Bibliographie des principales éditions originales d'écrivains français s. 434-35. Årtalet feltryckt som 1716 på titelbladet. Sidorna 233-34, 641-42 och 647-48 är utbytesblad. Första utgåvan trycktes 1688. La Bruyère omarbetade och utvidgade emellertid detta arbete i nya utgåvor fram till sin död 1696. Detta är den definitiva upplagan utifrån vilken senare editioner av verket har utgått. Marginalanteckningarna som är av Gyldenstolpes hand är lösta namn på en del av verkets anonyma karaktärsporträtt ur den franska samtiden. Carl Adolf Gyldenstolpe (1681-1709) var son till Nils Gyldenstolpe och gjorde tillsammans med sin broder Edvard en studieresa i Europa 1697-1701, varav de stannade nästan två år i Paris. De hade Daniel Niclas von Höpken som handledare och bl.a. matematikern J. Ozanam och författaren J. B. Rousseau som lärare. C. A. Gyldenstolpe blev senare kapten i Östgöta infanteriregemente och dog under Karl den XII:s fälttåg i Ukraina

      [Bookseller: Mats Rehnström]
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        Freywillig-auffgesprungener Granat-Apffel, Deß Christlichen Samaritans. Wien, Voigt, 1696. 566 S., 8 Bll. Pgt. d. Zt. (etw. fleckig).

      Vgl. Wellcome II, 518; Krivatsy 11976; Horn-A. 125.- Zweite Ausgabe des erstmals 1695 erschienenen medizinisch-diätischen Werkes. 'Trotz der zahlreichen Auflagen ist das Buch nur in wenigen Exemplaren auf uns gekommen; die große Masse hat sich - der beste Beweis für die Wichtigkeit und Popularität des Werkes - im täglichen Gebrauch selbst aufgezehrt. Das Buch enthält über 1750 Rezepte für allerlei Krankheiten. ... Besonders groß ist die Zahl der Vorschriften für Frauen- und Kinderkrankheiten' (Bohatta, Eleonora).- Vereinzelt mit minimalem Feuchtrand im Außensteg oder minimal stockfleckig.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Schramm]
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