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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1640

        Virginiae partis australis, et Floridae partis orientalis

      Amsterdam:. 1640.. Very good condition. Important early map exhibiting the disputes of England and France over land in the new world, showing the southeastern portion of the United States stretching from 'Chesapeack Bay' in the north to the area of present day Georgia in the south. With the British coat of arms placed near Virginia, and the French coat of arms near the "Apalatcy Montes" and an imaginary lake. Based on a Mercator-Hondius map of 1606, with changes such as a better proportioned Outer Banks, and, for the first time on a printed map, Newport News is shown as Newport Nesa. Handsome original color, ornate cartouche with native American figures; French text on the verso. Image size: 19 3/4 x 15 1/4". Paper size: 23 x 20". The South- East in Early Maps 41 - 'the most correct map of this area yet to appear'; KOEMAN: Bl 22.

      [Bookseller: Antipodean Books, Maps & Prints]
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        Silesia ducatus.

      - Altkolorierte Kupferstich- Landkarte v. Martin Helwig b. Bleau, Johann, um 1640, 39 x 50,5 cm. Besonders dekorative Landkarte mit Olmütz / Olomouc bis Bautzen, Frankfurt a.d.Oder, Peterkaw, Krakau bis zum Riesengebirge; SW Teil von Tschechien. Unten links dekorative Kartusche. Selten. Schöner breiter Rand. Oben im Rand kleine Fehlstelle. Unten im Rand 2 cm Einriss im Faltz. JPEG-Bilder auf Anfrage möglich.

      [Bookseller: Gertraud Bracker]
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        Paraphrases sur les epistres canoniques EDITION ORIGINALE

      A Paris: Chez la veuve Camusat, 1640. Fine. Chez la veuve Camusat, A Paris 1640, Pet. in-12 (7,5x13,5cm), (34) 221pp.(5), relié. - first edition. Vintage full red morocco binding to Du Seuil. Backpacks ornate nerves. Gilt title. Plate decorated with a central painting three goals and a net dotted with irons in the spandrels; similar second frame and the first small angle irons. Lack both cover sheets laminated on the first and last fueillet. Very nice copy. - [FRENCH VERSION FOLLOWS] Edition originale. Un titre-frontispice. Reliure d'époque en plein maroquin rouge à la Du Seuil. Dos à nerfs richement orné. Titre doré. Plat décoré d'un encadrement central de trois filets et d'un filet de pointillés, avec fers dans les écoinçons ; second encadrement similaire au premier et petits fers angulaires. Manque les deux pages de garde contrecollées sur le premier et le dernier feuillet. Très bel exemplaire. Antoine Godeau (1605-1672), évêque de Grasse, poète et exégète, à partir du moment où il devint prêtre (le 16 mars 1636) puis evêque nommé par Richelieu, Godeau abandonna la littérature et se tourna vers les écrits religieux. Il est l'auteur de plusieurs paraphrases, notamment sur les fameux psaumes de David, les épitres de Saint Paul...  

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        Magni Mogolis Imperium

      Amsterdam: Henricus Hondius, 1640. unbound. Map. Uncolored engraving. Image measures 14 1/2" x 19 1/2". This beautiful map of Moghal Empire dating to circa 1640 depicts modern day Pakistan, northern India, Tibet, Bangladesh and Burma (Myanmar). The Indus Valley and the Ganges Delta are particularly detailed. Topography is wonderfully rendered in profile. Important cities, some that were part of the ancient Silk Route, are noted, including Cabull (Kabul), Delli (Delhi), Agra, etc. The most interesting feature is the Chimay Lacus (Chimay Lake), the mythical lake located in northern Burma which was believed to be the source of the river system in Southeast Asia. Throughout, the map includes illustrations of wild animals such as tigers, lions, elephants, etc. and also an illustration of a ship in the Indian Ocean. An intricate title cartouche adorns the top left corner. Maps published in the following years by Blaeu, Jansson, De Wit and other were based on this map by Henricus Hondius. The map is in good condition with some verso repair along the centerfold. Minor tears and cracks near edges, repaired on verso, not affecting image, except tear in top left corner extends over title cartouche. Minor foxing at places. Hondius (1594-1629) was the youngest son of Jodocus Hondius, the prolific Flemish mapmaker.

      [Bookseller: Argosy Book Store]
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        Venezuela, cum parte Australi Nova Andalusiae

      Amsterdam, 1640. Engraved map, period hand-colouring in outline. French text on verso. Sheet size: 19 5/8 x 23 1/4 inches. A fine 17th century map of Venezuela and the Lesser Antilles. In the seventeenth century, the Dutch hegemony in ship building and navigation engendered their dominance in mapmaking. At the lead of this field was the Blaeu family. Willem Janszoon Blaeu first studied mathematics and navigation under the famous astronomer Tycho Brahe in 1594, opening his own instrument and globe making shop in Amsterdam in 1599. Shortly thereafter, Willem Blaeu would open a printing house, specializing in works on navigation. The Blaeu family's first world atlas, modestly titled the Atlantis Appendix as it was considered a continuation of the atlases by Ortelius, Mercator and Hondius, was first published in 1630 by Willem Blaeu with his son Joan Blaeu, the official cartographers of the Dutch East India Company.The acclaim that Blaeu's atlases have always received is based primarily upon the extremely high production standards found within. The quality of the engraving and the paper are of the highest order, placing them in the first rank among seventeenth century illustrated books. Blaeu's maps and town plans are embellished in the Baroque style, and many rank among the most beautiful ever made.Van der Krogt, (Atlantes) 9830:2.2; Koeman, Bl17.87.

      [Bookseller: Donald Heald Rare Books ]
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        Typus Frisiae Orientalis. Auctore Ubbone Emmino. Original-Kupferstich nach Ubbo Emmius von Willem Jansz. Blaeu bei Janssonius.

      Amsterdam, um 1640.. 37,5 x 49 cm,. Verso lateinischer Text. Zeigt Ostfriesland und die Inseln. Oben in beiden Ecken Wappen, links unten Titelkartusche, rechts unten Insetkarte mit der Darstellung der großen Flut im Jahre 1277. Im Meer Windrose und Schiffsstaffage. // Striking example of Jansson's map of the East Friesland and the area around Emden and Norden. Large inset map of the mouth of the Amasis River. The map is decorated with a large title cartouche and two large coats of arms, plus elegant border details around the inset, sailing ships and a compass rose. Wide margins. Latin text on verso. // Aus Präsentationsgründen unter Passepartout . /galerie

      [Bookseller: Altstadt-Antiquariat Nowicki-Hecht UG (h]
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        Relationi universali. Arricchite di molte cosse rare, e memorabili. E con ultima mano dell'autore.

      Venice, Giunta, 1640.. 4to. (8), 800, (36) pp. With 4 folding engr. plates (Europe, Asia, Africa, America). (Bound with) II: The same. Della ragioni di stato, libri dieci. Ibid., 1640. (8), 264 pp. Contemp. vellum with ms. spine title.. Famous geographical treatise by Giovanni Botero (1544-1617), with Arabia pictured on both the Asia and the Africa plate, and discussions of the Arabian Peninsula (pp. 120 ff.), the Middle East (pp. 123 ff.), "Arabia troglodotica" [!] (p. 130 f.), Egypt (pp. 131 ff.). Originally conceived as a statistical examination of the ecumenical propagation of Christianity, in subsequent editions the work gradually expanded until it formed a comprehensive repertory of anthropology and geography, with systematic accounts of the physical properties, demographics, economic resources, military power, and political constitution of all states of the world. - Appended to this is Botero's famous treatise "Della ragion di Stato" (The Reason of State), in which Botero argues - against Machiavelli - that a prince's power must be based on some form of consent of his subjects, and princes must make every effort to win the people's affection and admiration. - Front hinge beginning to split. Some browning throughout; occasional insiginificant edge defects and small tears; traces of old library stamps. - Graesse I, 504. Cf. Cox I, 71.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Inlibris, Gilhofer Nfg. GmbH]
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        Copia de una Carta embiada a un Ministro de su Magestad, en que se le dá Cuenta de la Vitoria que tuuo la Caualleria delas Ordenes Militares, Auiendo Passado el Col de Valaguer, Sobre Cambriles, Placa de Armas de Cataluna. Conlicencia en Madrid por Diego Diaz, Ano 1640.

      Madrid 1640 - , 4 pages, text in Spanish, with coat of arms on first page, this being a copy of a letter to a minister from his Majesty [Philip IV] which gives account of the Vitoria and Military orders , disbound, light foxing to pages, small tears at edges, split to upper fold, ink numbers 78 & 79 at corners, text is clear and un-faded, in good condition 29 x 20.5 cm Paperback ISBN: [Attributes: Soft Cover]

      [Bookseller: Keoghs Books]
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        Signoria di Vercelli

      Amsterdam Blaeu W J 1640 - "Signoria di Vercelli". Copper-engraving by W. J. Blaeu, first published 1640. Original old colouring. With ornamental title-cartouche and another ornamental cartouche with "Scala di miglia sei". 41,5:50 cm. Koeman II, map 7060:2, ed. 2:231 (1641-42 German) - Map of province of Vercelli near Milano. With Lago Maggiore and Lago d' Orta (in the north).

      [Bookseller: Antikvariat Krenek]
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        Compendio della storia di M. Francesco Guicciardini nuovamente stampato. Al Serenessimo Principe di Lorenzo di Toscana in Fiorenza nella Stamperia nuova del Maffi e Landi

      Stampera Maffi e Landi 1640 ca., Firenze - In 8, pp. XII + 142. Stemma inc. al f. Cart. rustica coeva. Stampato in un elegante carattere corsivo. Vi e' anteposta una vita del Guicciardini di Francesco di Raffaello Rondinelli. B. l. Seven. cent. Ital. Books, I, p. 428. Opera di Manilio Plantedio da Cosenza, letterato e filosofo della seconda meta'' del XVI secolo. ITA

      [Bookseller: coenobium libreria antiquaria]
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        Italiæ, Sardiniæ, Corsicæ, et confinium Regionum nova Tabula, effigies præcipuarum Urbiu et habituum inibi simul complectens.

      1640 - Amsterdam: Cornelis Danckerts, c.1640. 420 x 570mm. Narrow left margin, small repaired tear, binding folds reinforced on verso. A very scarce separate-issue map of Italy, decorated with a long prospect of Rome and medallion prospects of Venice, Genova, Naples and Florence, eight costumes and a sea battle between a galleon and galley in the Tyrrenian Sea. Originally published in 1606, there is a second state of 1620, this third state and a fourth state issued by Justus Danckerts in 1661. See BORRI 89 for the first issue; he gives the map 95/100 for rarity and states it was never reissued, so he was unaware of this state. Schilder lists only 10 known examples.

      [Bookseller: Altea Antique Maps]
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        Ander Theil (u. Drittertheil) Florilegii politici aucti. Das ist: Ernewerten Politischen Blumen-Garttens Continuatio Darinn außerlesene Politische Sententz, Lehren, Reguln und Sprichwörter . in locos communes zusammen getragen. Teil 2 und 3 (von 3) in 1 Band.

      - Frankfurt, A. Humm (für J. G. Schönwetter), 1640-42. Kl.-8vo. Illustrierter Kupfertitel, 5 Bl., 906 (recte 904) S.; 706 (recte 704) S. mit gestochenem Titel (mitpaginiert). Pergament d. Zt. Beide Teile in erster Ausgabe. - Eine "durch Reichhaltigkeit ausgezeichnete" Sammlung von Sprichwörtern und Sentenzen (Goed. II, 16,23). Jeder Teil alphabetisch nach Stichwörtern von A-Z geordnet. Der erste und ursprünglich einzige Teil war bereits 1630 erschienen. Die beiden vorliegenden Teile wurden posthum von ungenannten Fortsetzern herausgegeben. "Eine der besten Sammlungen sprichwörtlicher Volksweisheit . Lehmann trifft in seinen Sprüchen überall den rechten Sinn und Ton, Ironie und Witz sind immer an der rechten Stelle, sein Schwert ist niemals stumpf . Es ist ein staunenswert reicher Geist, ein heller Kopf, ein warmes Gemüt, das sich in den Sprüchen offenbart" (J. Franck in ADB 18, 136). Teil 2 umfasst 7065 Sprichwörter unter 73 Rubriken, Teil 3 noch einmal 2195 unter 67 Rubriken.- Graesse IV, 151; Nopitsch, Sprichwörter 41 f; VD 17 3:604994A u. 23:298684R; vgl. Bonser/Stephens 1665. - Einband gebräunt und fleckig, Vorsätze mit Notizen von alter Hand. Etwas gebräunt und mit einigen alten Unterstreichungen. Erste Kupfertitel mit Stempel. Die Paginierung springt nach S. 316 bzw. nach S. 600.

      [Bookseller: Buch & Consult Ulrich Keip]
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        TA. Ansicht m. Schloß, rechts der Rhein, "Bonn".

      . Kupferstich v. Wenzel Hollar, um 1640, 9 x 16,7. Parthey, Nr. 722.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Nikolaus Struck]
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        Paraphrases sur les epistres canoniques

      first edition.Vintage full red morocco binding to Du Seuil. Backpacks ornate nerves. Gilt title. Plate decorated with a central painting three goals and a net dotted with irons in the spandrels; similar second frame and the first small angle irons. Lack both cover sheets laminated on the first and last fueillet. Very nice copy. Chezla veuve Camusat AParis 1640 Pet. in-12 (7,5x13,5cm) (34) 221pp.(5) relié

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        Ornemens de peinture et de sculpture, qui sont dans la Galerie d'Apollon, au Chasteau du Louvre, et dans le grand Appartement du Roy, au Palis des Tuilleries. [Paris] 1710. Mit 24 von 29 Kupferstichtafeln (je 59 x 41 cm).

      - Dessinez et gravez par les Srs. Jean Berain (1640-1711) ; Jean Berain (1674-1726) ; Gérard Jean-Baptiste Scotin (1671-1716) ; François Chauveau (1613-1676) ; Jean Lemoyne (1638-1713). Ornemens de peinture et de sculpture, qui sont dans la Galerie d'Apollon, au Chasteau du Louvre, et dans le grand Appartement du Roy, au Palis des Tuilleries. [Paris] 1710. Mit 24 von 29 Kupferstichtafeln (je 59 x 41 cm) – die Tafelblätter Nr. 2, 7, 8, 27, 29 fehlen. Großfolio. Etwas späteres Halbleder mit verstärkten Leder-Ecken mit Rückentitel in Goldprägedruck. Zustand: Einband etwas beschabt und berieben. Oberes Kapital mit kleiner Fehlstelle. Die Kupferstiche 2, 7, 8, 27 und 29 fehlen. Fast durchgehend stockfleckig, zumeist im breiten Außensteg. Nikotingeruch. Weitere Informationen (frz. / eng.) zu diesem seltenen Tafelband: Le titre est gr. par Gérard Jean-Baptiste Scotin d'après Jean Berain, les pl. 2 à 12 (Trumeaux et plafond de la Galerie d'Apollon) sont attribuées à Jean Berain I, mais seraient gr. par Jean Berain fils (cf. Désiré Guilmard, Les maîtres ornemanistes., 1880, n° 29); les pl. 13 à 25 (Portes du grand appartement des Tuilleries) gr. par François Chauveau ; enfin les pl. 26 à 29 (Lambris dans le grand appartement des Tuileries) gr. par Jean Lemoyne. Engraved title by Gérard Jean-Baptiste Scotin after Bérain & 28 engraved plates drawn & engraved by Jean Bérain (father and son), François Chauveau & Jean Le Moine (Lemoyne). The plates show the wall and ceiling ornaments of Galerie d'Apollon in the Louvre drawn and engraved by Jean Bérain (8 von 11), and those for doors and wall paneling of Louis XIV's apartment in the Tuilleries drawn and engraved by François Chauveau (13) and Jean Le Moine (2 von 4). Sprache: fr [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Bibliakos / Dr. Ulf Kruse]
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        Berthold Schwarz; Hüftbild nach rechts.

      um 1640/50 - Kupferstich, um 1640/50, auf Bütten. 18,7:13,6 cm. Literatur: Drugulin 19085 (?).- Tadellos und frisch erhalten, auf die Plattenkante geschnitten. Berthold Schwarz, Franziskanermönch in Freiburg, sein eigentlicher Name war Konstantin Anklitzen, lebte zwischen 1313 und 1353 und ist der abendländische Erfinder des Schießpulvers.

      [Bookseller: Galerie Joseph Fach GmbH]
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        De Iure Naturali & Gentium, Iuxta Disciplinam Ebraeorum, Libri Septem. S.T.C. 22168. Folio

      Excudebat Richardus Bishopius, Londini 1640 - Contemporary calf, rebacked, Sir Edward Dering's copy, with his ownership signature on the title and arms embossed on both boards; the Taussig copy First edition of Selden's most important effort to examine Jewish law and, more broadly in the view of David Berkowitz, "a major work and an ingenious attempt to construct an historical system of natural law", subsequently of much interest to Vico [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Meyer Boswell Books, Inc., member ABAA]
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        Territorio di Brescia et di Crema

      Amsterdam Blaeu Willem and Blaeu Joan 1640 - "Territorio di Brescia et di Crema". Altkol. Kupf.-Kte. bei J. und W. Blaeu, Amsterdam, 1640. Mit fig. Titelkart. mit e. Wappen und ornament. Kart. mit Meilenanzeiger ("Scala di miglia undeci"). 38:50 cm. [Attributes: Soft Cover]

      [Bookseller: Antikvariat Krenek]
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        De regulari motu minimaque parallaxi cometarum caelestium disputationes .[bound with:] De terra unico centro motus singularum caeli particularum disputationes.[bound with:] De centro; & de circumferentia libri duo: in quibus diligenter physice, mathematiceque tractatur de centri, & circumferentiae nomine, varietate, naturae, speciebus, proprietatibus, & utilitatibus ex rei natura, & potissimum ad aures Aristotelis.[bound with:] De natura, et arte libri duo: in quibus utriusque caussae praestantia diligenter explicatur, patefactis earum origine, subiecto inexistentiae pariter ac operationes.[bound with:] De luminis natura & efficientia libri tres.

      Udine, Nicola Schiratti, 1640 - 5 works in one vol, 4to (195 x 140 mm); I: pp [viii] 224, with full-page woodcut portrait of author; II: [viii] 143 [1, blank] with full-page woodcut portrait of author and woodcut illustrations in text; III [xii] 114 [2], with full-page woodcut portrait of author; IV [vi of viii, without the repeat of the previous portraits] 71; V [xii] 224; two sections of III and V transposed in binding (see below), overall fine, crisp copies in contemporary carta rustica, old library stamp on first title. £35,000First editions of five scientific and philosophical works concerning comets, astronomy, and light, by the Aristotelian professor Fortunio Liceti (1577-1657),colleague, friend, correspondent, and opponent of Galileo. The first title is a detailed examination of the disputes over the nature of comets and parallax, citing texts by Brahe, Kepler, Galileo, Cysat, Glorioso, Chiaramonti, Bardi.It is a major polemic in the literature of the 'controversy of the comets'. It concerns the interpretation of comets and of the supernova which appeared in Cassiopeia in 1572 and was observed by Brahe. Brahe determined that the 'new star' exhibited no parallax and that it must be in the vicinity of the other stars in Cassiopeia; therefore, it was not an 'atmospheric exhalation and was not attached to the sphere of a planet, since it did not move contrary to the direction of the diurnal rotation, but that it was situated in the region of the fixed stars. His records of its variations in color and magnitude identify it as a supernova' (DSB). The appearance of the supernova, and the determination of comets as superlunary objects provided powerful ammunition in the attack on Aristotelian notions of the heavens. The appearance of three comets in 1618 intensified this debate and the present work is a descendant of the 'controversy of the comets'. Much of the work is an attack on Scipione Chiaramonti (1565-1652), who was the author of several tracts on the comets. In 1621 Chiaramonti had his Antitycho printed, in which, using Tycho's own observations, he defended the Aristotelian notion of comets being sublunar phenomena. Kepler replied with his Tychonis Brahei Dani Hyperaspistes, adversus Scipionis Claramonti. Anti-Tychonem (1624). Chiaramonti also engaged Liceti and Glorioso in the comet debate.The second work is Liceti's treatise on the centre of the world. It is written in the form of a commentary on a dispute between Scipione Chiaramonti and Girolamo Bardi, both professors of philosophy at Pisa, and is a refutation of the Tychonic system in which the centre of the earth and the centre of the world are different. In the course of his argument Liceti refers extensively to Galileo, Galileo's opponent Orazio Grassi, Galileo's pupil Guiducci, and correspondence with Gassendi and Naudé on parallax and the nature of light, including the secondary light of the moon which was the subject of an earlier dispute between Liceti and Galileo. The woodcuts illustrate eclipses, and a camera obscura being employed in astronomical observation.The third work is a philosophical treatise on the centre and circumference, with particular reference to the nature of the universe. It opens by citing Galileo and his discovery of 'new stars', Galileo's pupil Cavalieri, Gassendi, and Liceti's persistent opponent in the 'controversy of the comets' Scipione Chiaramonti.The fourth work concerns the natural world arts such as medicine, and how they engage with each other.The fifth and final work is one of Liceti's primary treatises on the nature of light, a subject to which he devoted several other works, and concerning which was in frequent communication with Galileo. The text discusses the theories of Galileo, along with Alhazen, Witelo, Peckham, Kepler, Aguillon, Maurolico, Lagalla, and others. Much of the text is concerned with the nature of light in astronomy, the light emanating from stars, comets, and the secondary light of the moon. For a detailed discussion of this work see V

      [Bookseller: WP Watson Antiquarian Books]
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      London: Printed for Nathaniel Butter, 1640.. [38]pp. Small quarto. Three-quarter antique-style calf and marbled boards, gilt morocco label. 19th-century armorial library bookplate on front pastedown. Closely trimmed, just touching the letter "A" on the titlepage and cropping the upper portion of a few running titles and catchwords. Titlepage soiled, with small ink spots affecting a few characters of text. Very good. The only edition of this rare utopian work describing the island of Madagascar and its inhabitants. The author, Walter Hamond (d. 1648) had by his own account traveled several times to Madagascar in the service of the East India Company, once "resident there Foure Moneths together." During the 1630s, as King Charles I was advised that Madagascar would be an ideal location for English traders bound for India and the Far East to refresh and repair their ships, Hamond composed A PARADOX..., encouraging further use of the island for colonization and trade. Describing the land of Madagascar in Edenic terms, Hamond begins his characterization of its inhabitants by referring to them as "a sluggish and slothfull people." "If any where," he writes, "the Proverbe, Terra bona, gens male, may here be applied" (A4v). He swiftly recasts them, however, as an innocent and virtuous race, whose "Nakednesse, Poverty, and Simplicity" demonstrate a happy, prelapsarian state instead of one of wretchedness or misery: "Now for Pride [of clothing and appearance], such is the Happinesse of these people, that they know not what it meanes, here is no man that respectech another the better for his Out- side, but for his inward vertue, and naturall Endowmens...They know that the inordinate desire of riches in the Root of all mischiefe, a Raging famisht Beast, that will not bee satisfied...As for Gold, the Soule of the World...[t]hese people know it not, or doe they know it, they regard it not, at least I am sure they value it not" (D4v-E1). Hamond continues with the observation that the Golden Age "so much celebrated by ancient Writers, was not so called, from the Estimation, or predomination that Gold had in the Hearts of men...[b]ut from the Contemps thereof"; this "happy Age these people doe at this present enjoy" (E1v). A fascinating precursor to the 18th-century imaginings of the Noble Savage, and a rare title on the market. STC 12735. DNB VIII, p.1137.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        HISTORIA DE LA INSIGNE CIUDAD DE SEGOVIA Y COMPENDIO DE LAS HISTORIAS DE CASTILLA. En esta segunda impresión sale añadido un Índice General de la Historia y las Vidas y Escritos de los Escritores Segovianos.

      - Madrid. Imp. Diego Díez. 1640. 2ª edic. ampliada. 30x21 cm. portada grabada por Diego de Astor + 8 h. de privilegios, erratas, censura, dedicatoria y tablas + 828 págs. + 1 lám. grabada y 5 grabados entre texto. de la pág. 653 a la 695 es el Índice, de la pág. 697 a la 826 de Escritores Segovianos. Igual que en la 1ª edic (1637) está mal paginado, pero completo. Pleno pergamino Época, firma antiguo propietario. Buenos márgenes y limpio. # Segovia. [Attributes: Soft Cover]

      [Bookseller: Librería Torreón de Rueda]
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        Nicholas Machiavel's Prince, Also the Life of Castruccio Castracani of Lucca and the Means Duke Valentine Us'd to Put to Death Vitellozzo Vitelli, Oliverotto of Fermo, Paul and the Duke of Gravina

      London: R. Bishop for Wil. Hils and are to be Sold By Daniel Pakeman, 1640. [12], 305pp, [7], twentieth century full calf, raised bands, spine in five panels, title/author label to second panel, remaining panels with gilt central oval device and floral corner pieces, comb and curl marbled endpapers, a.e.g. Slightly rubbed to extremities externally. Title remargined, slightly soiled with a couple of small spots, A2 repaired to top corner, B6 with printing flaw to lower third of text resulting in faint, though still legible text, C3 and C5 with marginal soiling, C6 with small amount of loss to upper corner catching printed border, G7 with small piece excised from lower margin, small hole to outer margin of O6, small worm traces to head of H-N inclusive, touching printed border, minor loss to upper corners of I6-I11, slightly more pronounced to L6-N3 with minor loss to upper margin catching printed border, marginal ink scribble to H2v. Notwithstanding the above, quite a good copy of the first English edition of Machiavelli's political classic, effectively the first 'modern' work of political philosophy. "The Prince is far more than a book of directions to any one of the many Italian princelings ... he now wrote for the guidance of the ruler by whom alone Italy, desperately divided, could be restored to political health ... Machiavelli founded the science of modern politics on the study of mankind ... Politics was a science to be divorced entirely from ethics ... More balanced modern judgement acknowledges his patriotism and studies his political thought, but the term 'machiavellian' retains its sinister meaning" (PMM). PMM 63 (for the first Italian edition). First Edition. Full Calf. Good. 12mo.

      [Bookseller: Temple Rare Books]
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      1640. relié. DeCollection. A Paris, Chez Jean Billaine, 1640. In-folio, reliure ancienne postérieure en veau fauve, filet doré autour des plats, dos à nerfs. Titre, 3 ff. n. ch., 619 pp., 30 ff. n. ch., 10 pp., 1 f. n. ch. Seconde édition revue et augmentée de plusieurs pièces par le même auteur. Titre bicolore en rouge et noir avec une grande vignette gravée, nombreuses lettrines ornées, une planche intitulée ?" Table des Figures de l?'Ecu d?' Armes les plus nécessaires ou les plus difficiles à comprendre ?" au verso de la page 619. Avec in-fine une table alphabétique des Familles dont les Armes sont blasonnées dans cet ouvrage. Coins usés, coiffes manquantes, qq. ff. brunis. Brunet, 1088. Folio in full tawny calf of 18 c. binding, gilt fillet on board, ribbed spine, [3], 619 p., [30], [10], [1]. Worn corners, missing headspine, some browned sheets. Second edition revised & enlarged. Bicoloured title in red & black with big engraved label, text with many ornamented initials & a leaf entitled ?"Table des Figures de l?'Ecu d?' Armes les plus nécessaires ou les plus difficiles à comprendre ?" at the back of page 619.In-fine alphabetical index of families which coat of arms are illustrated in this book.

      [Bookseller: Librairie]
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        Parte Alpestre dello Stato di Milano, con il Lago Maggiore di Lugano, `e di Como

      Blaeu W 1640 - "Parte Alpestre dello Stato di Milano, con il Lago Maggiore di Lugano, `e di Como". Kol. Kupf.-Kte. (von W. Blaeu, um 1640). Mit 2 ausgem. fig. u. ornament. Kart. 38:51 cm. [Attributes: Soft Cover]

      [Bookseller: Antikvariat Krenek]
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        Mappa Aestivarum Insularum, alias Barmudas . - Amstelodami, Guiljelm. Blaeuw excudit.':.

      - kolorierter Kupferstich aus Theatrum orbis terrarum, sive Atlas novus b. Blaeu in Amsterdam, 1640, 40,5 x 53 Palmer, The Printed Maps of Bermuda (in Map Collectors' Circle (No. 19), 7; van der Krogt, Koeman's Atlantes Neerlandici, Vol. II, S. 600, 9660:2. - Zeigt die Bermudainsel. - In der Kartenmitte Titelkartusche. - Oben links Kartusche mit Maßstab. - Unten rechts Kartusche mit Maßstab. - Am unteren Rand Wappen und Beschreibung. The map is embellished with a striking decorative cartouche, compass rose, and remarkable detail for the island, including a complete list of land owners. (Bilder zum Artikel auf meiner Homepage, oder bei Anfrage - pictures on my homepage or after request)

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Norbert Haas]
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        Ander Theil (u. Drittertheil) Florilegii politici aucti. Das ist: Ernewerten Politischen Blumen-Garttens Continuatio Darinn außerlesene Politische Sententz, Lehren, Reguln und Sprichwörter ... in locos communes zusammen getragen. Teil 2 und 3 (von 3) in 1 Band.

      Frankfurt, A. Humm (für J. G. Schönwetter), 1640-42.. Kl.-8vo. Illustrierter Kupfertitel, 5 Bl., 906 (recte 904) S.; 706 (recte 704) S. mit gestochenem Titel (mitpaginiert). Pergament d. Zt.. Beide Teile in erster Ausgabe. - Eine "durch Reichhaltigkeit ausgezeichnete" Sammlung von Sprichwörtern und Sentenzen (Goed. II, 16,23). Jeder Teil alphabetisch nach Stichwörtern von A-Z geordnet. Der erste und ursprünglich einzige Teil war bereits 1630 erschienen. Die beiden vorliegenden Teile wurden posthum von ungenannten Fortsetzern herausgegeben. "Eine der besten Sammlungen sprichwörtlicher Volksweisheit ... Lehmann trifft in seinen Sprüchen überall den rechten Sinn und Ton, Ironie und Witz sind immer an der rechten Stelle, sein Schwert ist niemals stumpf ... Es ist ein staunenswert reicher Geist, ein heller Kopf, ein warmes Gemüt, das sich in den Sprüchen offenbart" (J. Franck in ADB 18, 136). Teil 2 umfasst 7065 Sprichwörter unter 73 Rubriken, Teil 3 noch einmal 2195 unter 67 Rubriken.- Graesse IV, 151; Nopitsch, Sprichwörter 41 f; VD 17 3:604994A u. 23:298684R; vgl. Bonser/Stephens 1665. - Einband gebräunt und fleckig, Vorsätze mit Notizen von alter Hand. Etwas gebräunt und mit einigen alten Unterstreichungen. Erste Kupfertitel mit Stempel. Die Paginierung springt nach S. 316 bzw. nach S. 600.

      [Bookseller: Buch & Consult Ulrich Keip]
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        De plantis Ægypti liber, cum observationibus & notis Ioannis Veslingii equitis in Patavino Gymnasio Anatomie & Pharmaciæ Professoris Primarij, accessit Alpini de balsamo liber. Part 1 (of three). Patavii (Padua), Typis Pauli Frambotti biblopolæ, Sup. Permissu, 1640.

      Small 4to. Pp. xiv, one blank leaf, pp. 144. With many woodcut illustrations of plants. Contemporary marbled wrappers, spine worn. Small wormhole running through lower margin of the first part of the book. Second improved edition, first edition was published at Venice in 1592, comprising three parts of which this is the first. It is the earliest treatise on native plants of Egypt and is mainly known for containing the first European illustration of the coffee plant. In this edition each part was also published separately. Prospero Alpini (1553 - 1617) was an Italian physician and botanist who travelled through Greece, Crete and Egypt from 1580 to 1583. He made botanical investigations during his time in Egypt. Johann Vesling (1598 - 1649) was a German born professor of anatomy and surgery at Padua who later succeded Alpini as director of the botanical gardens at the University of Padua. Hünersdorff, Coffee Bibliography, I, pp. 32 - 33. Nissen BB 20. Pritzel 111.

      [Bookseller: Charlotte Du Rietz Rare Books]
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        Ducatus Breslanus sive Wratislaviensis.

      Amsterdam, Janssonius, um 1640.. Altkolorierte Kupferstichkarte nach G. Vechner und J. Scultetus bei J. Janssonius, Bildausschnitt 40 x 49 cm, Blattgr. 46,5 x 56,5 cm.. van der Krogt, Koeman's Atlantes Neerlandici 2940:1.2, vergl. Timann/Kott, Von Stettin bis Breslau, 565/66 (dort die Ausgaben Janssonius-Waesberge/Pitt sowie die von Schenk/Valk). Hübsche Karte des Herzogtums Breslau mit einer großen Vogelschauansicht der Stadt unten rechts, einer Widmungskartusche oben in der Mitte, einer Wappenkartusche oben links sowie die Titelkartusche unten links; Mittelfalz mit minimalen Fehlstellen unten geglättet und restauriert, Kolorit etwas verblaßt.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Clemens Paulusch GmbH]
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        ISCHIA. - Karte. "Ischia Isola, olim Aenaria".

      - Altkol. Kupferstich von Joh. & Corn. Blaeu, um 1640, 38 x 49,5 cm. Schöne und seltene Gesamtkarte mit der Isola di Procida, der Meerenge und dem Festland bei Miseno. Die Städte und wichtige Bauwerke wie Triumphbögen, Festungen, Türme und Aquädukte sind als kleine Ansichten eingezeichnet. Mit drei altkolorierten Kartuschen und drei Schiffen in der Meerenge.

      [Bookseller: Peter Bierl Buch- & Kunstantiquariat]
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      Quattro importanti carte geografiche del Regno di Napoli, incise in rame e colorate a mano, riunite sotto un?unica cornice realizzata da Bolzani di Milano (mm. 1090x1280). Le dimensioni dei rami sono le seguenti: ?Regno di Napoli? (mm. 380x500) - ?Terra di Lavoro..? (mm. 380x500) - ?Ischia isola..? (mm. 373x488) firmata Job et Cornelius Blaeu - ?Principato Citra..? (mm. 380 x 500). Molto ben conservate.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Malavasi]
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        The historie of the holy warre the second edition

      Cambridge: Pr. by R. Daniel for Thomas Buck Folio (27.7 cm, 10.9"). Add. engr. t.-p., [16], 286, [30] pp.; 1 fold. map.. 1640 Second edition, following the first of the previous year: A very popular anti-Catholic (and anti-Jewish as well) account of the crusades, citing the cruel and impious behavior of popes and participants alike as reason for the failure of the conquest of the Holy Land. Fuller, chaplain extraordinary to Charles II, was one of the earliest English historians thus to analyze the crusades as a historical event. The volume opens with an added engraved title-page and also features an oversized, folding map of the region, both signed by William Marshall. The preliminary "Declaration of the Frontispice [sic]," an explanation in verse of the title-page's symbolism, is signed by J.C., i.e., John Cleveland. Period-style dark calf, covers framed and panelled in gilt and blind rolls with gilt-stamped corner fleurons, spine with gilt-stamped leather title-label, gilt-ruled raised bands, and gilt-stamped compartment decorations. Title inked on outer (closed) edges in an early hand. "Declaration of the Frontispiece" mounted; added engraved title-page with upper margin repaired, lower area trimmed into the imprint line (taking most) and with one pinhole. Otherwise browning, mild spotting and light waterstaining variously, last leaves dust-soiled; light cockling and volume a tad sprung; a few leaves with short edge tears, not extending into text; map with ragged portion of lower inner edge, tear along one fold neatly repaired from rear, and small hole at intersection of two folds. One blank page with early pencilled doodles.

      [Bookseller: SessaBks, A Division of the Philadelphia]
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        De L'Imitation de Jesus - Christ. Traduction nouvelle. Dediee a Madame La Duchesse de Bourgogne. Troisieme Edition [text in French throughout]

      8vo., with a fine woodcut frontispiece, woodcut title - vignette, and 4 fine woodcut head - pieces in the text (one prefacing each book of the work), frontispiece and title very lightly age - stained; handsomely bound in full calf, back with five raised bands, second compartment with leather label lettered in gilt, all other compartments ruled and tooled in blind with a floral spray, new endpapers to style, speckled fore - edges, a bright, crisp copy. Third edition of the prose translation by Francois Mace (1640? - 1721), first published in 1698 with a second edition the following year.The frontispiece is unsigned. BnF attributes the headpieces of Books I, II and possibly III to Jean Mariette (1660 - 1742). The work is prefaced by the unsigned dedication to the Duchess de Bourgogne [Marie - Adelaide de Savoie], contents of the four books, Approbation de Monsieur Coursier, Theologal de Paris, and Approbation de Monsieur Pillot, Docteur de Sorbonne & grand Penitencier de Tournay. The work is completed by litanies de Jesus - Christ, de Saint - Sacrement, de la Vierge, oraisons.Two of the four spirited head - pieces are captioned in Latin; p.161 is misprinted 147.Jean - Baptiste Coignard was printer to the King and to the Academie Francaise.Very scarce.

      [Bookseller: Island Books]
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        Hausfrau und Magd.

      . Vernis mou mit Deckweißlicht und stellenweise rötlicher Lavierung, nach einer Zeichnung von Pieter Cornelisz van Slingelandt (1640-1691), auf bräunlichem Velin, verso mit dem Künstlerzeichen (Lugt 2725). 24,9:20 cm. - Leichte Knickfalte am oberen Rand. Literatur: Wurzbach 93; Laurentius/Niemeijer 79. Erstmals veröffentlicht von Christian Josi: Collection d' imitations de dessins d' apres les pnrincipeaux maitres Hollandais et Flamands, commencee par Ploos van Amstel, continuee et portee au nombre de cent morceaux. 1821. - Besonders reizvolles Motiv!. Ploos van Amstel gelang es um 1758 nach zahlreichen und langwierigen graphischen Versuchen, Zeichnungen täuschend ähnlich zu reproduzieren. Die Vorlage zum vorliegenden Blatt von H. Averkamp (1585 - nach 1663) befindet sich heute in der Teyler-Stiftung in Haarlem.

      [Bookseller: Galerie Joseph Fach GmbH]
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      Leiden: Chez Bonaventure & Abraham Elseviers, 1640. - Single sheet, (13 ½ x 15 ¾ inches, full margins showing the platemark). Fine engraved map of Chile, the title within a fine strapwork cartouche, a second cartouche containing the distance scale, the map key within a decorative scroll, and a large compass rose indicating north to the left (old central fold, edges browned, one or two spots). First French edition, first published in Dutch in 1625. Fine engraved map of Chile, from Puente de Vetes in the north to C. de Diego Gallego in the south, with a fine title cartouche and a second strapwork cartouche containing the distance scale. Here, north is oriented to the left, as indicated by the fine, large compass rose. Topographical features are rendered pictorially. De Laet was born in Antwerp but in 1585, the family, like thousands of Flemish Protestants, fled to the northern Netherlands. After studying philosophy in Leiden the young de Laet traveled to London in 1603, obtained his denizenship, but after the death of his wife returned to Leiden, where in April 1608 he "married Maria Boudewijns van Berlicum (d. 1643). There he made a fortune through overseas trade and land investments, at home and at Laetburg, near Albany, in New Netherland. In 1619 he was appointed a director of the Dutch West Indies Company, a position he held until his death. "In the ongoing religious quarrels which troubled Holland, de Laet sided with the counter-remonstrants (Gomarists) against the remonstrants (Arminians), an allegiance evident in his 'Commentarii de Pelagianis et Semi-Pelagianis' (1617). In 1618 he was delegated for Leiden to the Synod of Dort, where he befriended the theologian Samuel Ward, master of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, one of the several English delegates. In his leisure time he proved a prolific, many-sided scholar with a keen interest in theology, geography, botany, classical philology, and comparative historical linguistics. Still of importance are his lavishly illustrated books on the Americas-'Nieuwe wereldt' (1625), which he also translated into Latin (1633) and French (1640) [as here], a detailed account of the early years of the 'Dutch West Indies Company' (1644), and 'Historia naturalis Brasiliae' (1648). He contributed eleven volumes to the Elzevier 'Respublicae' series, including ones on Scotland and Ireland (1627), England (1630), and India (1631). In a magisterial polemic with Hugo Grotius, he disproved Grotius's claims that the Native Americans originated from China, Ethiopia, and Norway (1644). His deluxe edition of Vitruvius's 'De architectura' (1649) includes his Latin translation of Sir Henry Wotton's 'The Elements of Architecture' (1624). De Laet was an astute Anglo-Saxonist, corresponding and co-operating with (but also envied by) such antiquaries as William Camden, Sir Henry Spelman, Sir John Spelman, Abraham Wheelock, Sir Simonds D'Ewes, John Selden, and Patrick Young. Archbishop James Ussher lent him the famous 'Caedmon' manuscript (Bodl. Oxf., MS Junius 11) for an Old English-Latin dictionary he was compiling. His correspondence with John Morris reflects contemporary Anglo-Dutch intellectual exchange, while his unpublished epistolary exchange with Sir William Boswell (d. 1649), English ambassador in The Hague, is a particularly rich quarry for evidence of political and economic interchange between England and Holland. "In 1638 de Laet visited England for several months both in connection with his dictionary and to obtain denizenship for his son Samuel, who had married Rebecca, daughter of Timothy Cruso of London. During another visit in 1641 parliament asked his advice on the prospects for an English West Indies Company and Charles I requested him to provide the genealogy of his future son-in-law, William II of Orange" (Rolf H. Bremmer jun. for DNB). Burden 229. For more information about this view, or a warm welcome to see it and other books in our library at 72nd Street, NYC, please contact Megan Scauri, M.A., M.L.S., in the Rare Book Department. [Attributes: First Edition]

      [Bookseller: Arader Galleries]
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        Helvetiae Rhetiae & Valesiae cum omnibus finitimis regionibus tabula vulgo Schweitzerland.

      Johannes Janssonius., Amsterdam, 1640 - Amsterdam, Johannes Janssonius. (Zwischen 1640 und 1670). Blattgrösse: 51,5x62 cm. Gestochene kolorierte Karte (41x52,5 cm) Blumer 103. - Haller 114. - Sammlung Ryhiner 3202.22. - Titelkartusche oben links, weitere Kartuschen oben rechts, unten links (Legende) und unten rechts (Massstab). - Auf neue Leinwand aufgezogen. Linker Rand ausserhalb der Platte fachgerecht restauriert. Sprache: N [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Daniel Thierstein]
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        [Garden bugloss] Buglossum sempervirens Hispanicum latifolium; [White Italian bugloss] Buglossum Italicum flore albo; [Blue Italian bugloss] Buglossum Italicum flore coeruleo

      Eichstatt, 1640. Hand-coloured engraving. In excellent condition. Basil Besler published "Hortus Eystettensis", the earliest large folio botanical, at Eichstatt near Nuremburg, in 1613. He worked on the drawings for the 374 copper engravings over a period of sixteen years using the plants in the garden of Bishop Johann Conrad von Gemmingen, his patron. Depicted in this florilegium were flowers, herbs, vegetables and newly discovered plants such as tobacco and peppers. Besler was, in modern terms, a botanist and horticulturalist, and he was familiar with real and alleged medicinal properties of various plants. Besler had the good fortune to live at a time when exotic plants were being shipped to Europe from all over the world. The garden that he organized and illustrated for his patron was both ornamental and experimental, and the large book he had engraved after his drawings was unique. The prints, made by a team of master engravers, are strong and exquisitely done.

      [Bookseller: Donald Heald Rare Books]
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        The Famous and Memorable Works ... Faithfully Translated out of the Latin, and French, by Tho. Lodge, Doctor in Physicke

      London: Printed by J.L. for Andrew Hebb, 1640. Fifth edition of Lodge's translation. [10], 812, [31]pp. 1 vols. Folio. Full contemporary reversed calf, with blind-stamped monogram "T M" on upper and lower covers. Spine ends chipped, front joint cracked, lacking rear free endpaper, front pastedown torn, final leaf of text ragged at edges, marginal dampstaining and slight paper corrosion along fore edges at front and rear. Withal, a good, sound copy of this imposing folio. Lodge's was the first English translation into English of the great historian of the Jews, first published in 1602 and numerous times thereafter. Lodge is perhaps best remembered for his prose romance ROSALYND (1590), the source of Shakespeare's As You Like It.

      [Bookseller: James Cummins Bookseller ]
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        LXXX Sermons Preached By That Learned And Reverend Divine, John Donne, Dr. In Divinity, Late Deane of the Cathedrall Church of S. Pauls London

      London: Printed for Richard Royston, in Ivie-Lane, and Richard Marriot in S. Dunstans Church-yard in Fleetstreet, 1640. First edition, and also the first appearance of Walton's "Life and Death of Dr Donne", later state of the additional title. Engraved portrait by Merian (in second state, as usual). A-B6, C4, B-Aaaa6, Bbbb4 , Cccc7. Bound without first and last blanks (A1 and Ccc8). 1 vols. 4to (344x223mm.). Contemporary calf, early neat rebacking, new endpapers. Portrait with strengthening at inner margin. Some wear at outer margins of the first four leaves. Bookplate Bibliothecam Doncastriensem and ownership inscription on title-page with gift inscription to them from the Reverend Lees Ward of Jesus College, Cambridge, "Ad Bibliothecam Doncastriensem Ex Dono Viiri Reverend Lees Ward Coll Jesu apud Cantab. Socii.". Donne remains a towering figure in English literature no less for his preaching than for his poetry. "Of Donne's estimated 180 sermons, the extraordinary total of 160 survive - monumental evidence that he was both a prolific and a popular preacher. The reasons for his popularity are clear: the sermons are not only rich in learning and curious lore; they are characteristically personal and powerful in their phrasing ... At his most characteristic, he is the spokesman before God of a virile, unconquerable humanity" (Norton, 913, 918). Now considered "very rare," this volume of sermons is one of three folios issued by Donne's son between 1640 and 1660, after Donne's death (Allibone, 513). In addition to Donne's addresses for major Christian festivals and his masterful expositions of the penitential psalms, LXXX Sermons also contains the first appearance of Walton's Life of Donne, the standard biographical text, "written with an extraordinary grace and spontaneity" (Keynes) One of the great mid-seventeenth-century English folios.

      [Bookseller: James Cummins Bookseller]
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        M?moires des Sages et Royalles Oeconomies d'Estat, Domestiques, Politiques et Militaires de Henry le Grand, l'Exemplaire des Roys, le Prince des Vertus, des Armes & des Loix, & le Pere en effet de ses Peuples Fran?ois. Et des Servitues Utiles, Obeissances Convenables & Adminisstrations loyales de Maximilian de Berthune l'un des ;us confidens, familiers & utiles soldats & serviteurs du Grand Mars des Fran?ois

      Amstelredam (Paris): Aletinosgraphede Clearetimelee & Graphexechon de Pistartiste; A l'enseigne des trois Vertus couronnees d'Araranthe; Augustine Courbe, [1640] and 1662. First edition, second issue (Paralelles de Cesar et Henry le Grand in italics) of volumes I & II, first edition of volume III & IV. brown full leather, spines lettered and decorated in gilt with raised bands, all edges speckled (bound at different times by different binders). Spines with some wear, covers a little rubbed, more so on volume II; interors fine. Folio. Four volumes in two (complete). [i-viii], [1]-508, [i-x]; [i-viii], [1]- 448, [i-xii]; [i-xx], [1] - [502], [i]; [i-iv], [1] -333, [i-vii] (volume I with the two parts continuously paginated) Volume I with woodcut title pages hand coloured with the three green "V"s (the arms of the House of Sully) and in red for each volume, head pieces; volume II with engraved title pages for each volume and lettered in black and red, head pieces With the bookplates of Dominicius Barnabas Turgot and Cmte Theodore de Gontaut-Biron in volume I. Théodore de Gontaut- Biron (1846-1928) was a descendant of Charles de Gontaut-Biron, who was made Field Marshall of France as well as Duc de Gontaut-Biron, by Henry IV (Henry le Grand) but later conspired against him and was beheaded in 1602 for treason. Dominique- Barnabe Turgot de Saint Clair, Bishop of Seez, died Dec. 18, 1727, leaving a valuable library which was sold in Paris in March, 1730 The Memoirs of the Duke of Sully give a vivid picture of the French and the government of Henry the Great. They cover many aspects of political and economic life, as well as giving some historical and military assessments and aspects of the late 16th and early 17th centuries. Maximilien de Béthune, first Duke of Sully (13 December 1560 ??? 22 December 1641) was the valiant soldier, French minister, staunch Huguenot (Protestant) and faithful right-hand man who assisted king Henry IV of France in the rule of France. Historians emphasize Sully's role in building a strong centralized administrative system in France using coercion and highly effective new administrative techniques. From 1596, when he was added to Henry's finance commission, Sully introduced some order into France's economic affairs. Acting as sole Superintendent of Finances at the end of 1601, he authorized the free exportation of grain and wine, reduced legal interest, established a special court to try cases of peculation, forbade provincial governors to raise money on their own authority, and otherwise removed many abuses of tax-collecting. Sully abolished several offices, and by his honest, rigorous conduct of the country's finances, he was able to save between 1600 and 1610 an average of a million livres a year. His achievements were by no means solely financial. In 1599, he was appointed grand commissioner of highways and public works, superintendent of fortifications and grand master of artillery; in 1602, governor of Nantes and of Jargeau, captain-general of the Queen's gens d'armes and governor of the Bastille; in 1604, he was governor of Poitou; and in 1606, made first duke of Sully and a pair de France, ranking next to princes of the blood. He declined the office of constable of France because he would not become a Roman Catholic. Sully encouraged agriculture, urged the free circulation of produce, promoted stock-raising, forbade the destruction of the forests, drained swamps, built roads and bridges, planned a vast system of canals and actually began the Canal de Briare. He strengthened the French military establishment; under his direction, the construction of a great line of defences on the frontiers began. Abroad, Sully opposed the king's colonial policy as inconsistent with French interests, in opposition to men like Champlain who urged greater colonial efforts in Canada and elsewhere. Neither did Sully show much favor toward industrial pursuits but, on the urgent solicitation of the king, he established a few silk factories. He fought together with Henry IV in Savoy (1600???1601) and negotiated the treaty of peace in 1602; in 1603, he represented Henry at the court of James I of England; and throughout the reign, he helped the king to put down insurrections of the nobles, whether Roman Catholic or Protestant. It was Sully, too, who arranged the marriage between Henry IV and Marie de' Medici. The political role of Sully effectively ended with the assassination of Henry IV on 14 May 1610. Although a member of the Queen's council of regency, his colleagues were not inclined to put up with his domineering leadership, and after a stormy debate he resigned as superintendent of finances on 26 January 1611, retiring into private life. The queen mother gave him 300,000 livres for his long services and confirmed him in possession of his estates. He attended the meeting of the Estates-General in 1614, and on the whole was in sympathy with the policy and government of Richelieu. He disavowed the Blockade of La Rochelle in 1621. The baton of marshal of France was conferred on him on 18 September 1634. The last years of his life were spent chiefly at Villebon, Rosny and his château of Sully. He died at Villebon at the age of 81 - wikipedia [Brunet IV,V, 589-590. Einaudi 5507].

      [Bookseller: Randall House Rare Books ]
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