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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1545

        COSMOGRAPHIA PETRI APIANI, PER GEMMAM FRISIUM APUD LOVANIENSES MEDICUM & MATHEMATICU INSIGNEMIAM DEMUM AB OMNIBUS VINDICATA MENDIS, AC NON-NULLIS QUOQ, LOCIS AUCTA. ADDITIS EIUSEM ARGUMENTI LIBELLIS IPSIUS GEMMÆ FRISII

      Antwerp: Aegidius Coppenius Diesthensis for Gregorius de Bonte, 1545.. [2],66 leaves plus folding engraved map. Numerous woodcut maps, charts, and diagrams. Five woodcut illustrations with volvelles or non-moving attachments (lacks volvelle on verso of leaf C3). Quarto. Contemporary limp vellum with remains of two ties. Vellum stained, moderately worn. Contemporary inscription in Greek on recto of front free endpaper, additional contemporary inscription on verso of front free endpaper. Ownership inscription on titlepage of Carlo Alberti and Abraham Pury, 1753, noting that the book belonged to Alberti alone after a division of their books on Aug. 15, 1774. Folding map torn along bottom fold, slight loss of paper but no loss of text; small separate repairs on verso of map. Occasional minor marks and stains in the text, but volvelles and non- moving attachments in fine condition and securely mounted. A very good copy. In a half morocco and cloth box. This 1545 edition of Apianus' COSMOGRAPHIA... is the second to contain the folding map of the world, which first appeared in a French language edition published in Antwerp the previous year. This world map is important for being one of the earliest to show the full sweep of the east coast of North America. The map displays the eastern side of North America as a narrow land mass, named "Baccalearum," after the cod fisheries off the coasts of New England and Canada. It employs a cordiform projection, much used by Renaissance cartographers to represent the relationship between the Americas and the Old World, and maintains the desirable possibility of a northern passage to Asia over the top of North America. The map is also notable for being the first printed map to depict the Yucatan as a peninsula rather than an island, anticipating Ruscelli's 1561 map of New Spain. A brief chapter on the recto and verso of leaf 30 is devoted to America. Apianus' work, first published in 1524, was a fundamental work on cosmography (understood to include cartography, geography, and astronomy) throughout the 16th century. Twenty-nine editions were published within eighty-five years. Karrow writes that in the COSMOGRAPHIA... the author explains "the division of the earth into climatic zones, the uses of parallels and meridians, the determination of latitude, several methods for determining longitude including that of lunar distance, the use of trigonometry to determine distances, several types of map projections, and many other topics." This edition, corrected and augmented by geographer and mathematician Reiner Gemma Frisius, was first published in Antwerp in 1529. It also contains Gemma's important treatise on triangulation, which first appeared in 1533. The treatise was the first instance of triangulation being proposed as a means of locating and mapping places. An attractive copy of this work, with a significant map in the history of American cartography. EUROPEAN AMERICANA 545/3. CHURCH 84. SABIN 1748. ADAMS A-1279. STC (DUTCH), p.12. ORTROY 36. KARROW, p.53. JCB GERMAN AMERICANA 545/1.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        Il primo libro d'Architettura... Il Secondo Libro

      Paris: [Jehan Barbé], 1545. A large-margined example of the first edition of the first two books of Serlio's general treatise, devoted to geometry, perspective and theatrical scenery, and as such considered "the first published account of modern theatrical practice." (Hewitt, The Renaissance Stage, p. 21.) As with the whole of the treatise, the outstanding feature of these two books lies in their overwhelmingly practical orientation, a welcome departure from the highly theoretical, not to say abstruse presentation found in earlier architectural works (mainly translations of Vitruvius). Serlio?s intention was to offer architects ?a pattern book in which the architect could find solutions for all sorts of problems." -- Blunt, Art and Architecture in France, p. 73. The work gives two methods for determining perspective, the second a form of the distance point method exemplified by its many woodcut diagrams and exercises. Book II also contains a detailed historical account of the theater Serlio built in Vicenza in 1539. The magnificent woodcuts of tragic, comic and rustic stage scenes "are the first regularly published scene designs" (Hewitt, op.cit.) and with their "Raphaelesque draughtsmanship" (so Kemp), they very likely owe something to the hand of Serlio's teacher, Baldassare Peruzzi. The work received numerous subsequent editions in many languages, though the woodcut illustrations were issued only in this edition. In the 19th century, Brunet and others speculated that an undated Venice edition (Fowler 304) may have been published prior, but this edition is now securely dated to c. 1551 and the work offered here is now unambiguously first. * Fowler 303; Berlin Kat. 2563; Dinsmoor, Art Bulletin 24 (l942) pp. 73-4; Schlosser p. 374; Mortimer (French) 492; Vagnetti EIIb12; Kemp, The Science of Art, p. 66; Hewitt, The Renaissance Stage, 21; Kernodle, From Art to Theatre, p. 181.. Folio [37 x 24 cm], (4) ff., 74 (i.e. 75) ff., including 1 blank and 1 unnumbered leaf (betw. 67 & 68). Bound in 18th-century half vellum and speckled boards, covers a little soiled, title and date gilt-stamped on morocco labels on spine, head of spine cracked.; light finger soiling in corners of some leaves; some general toning and occasional foxing in margin, small blue ink mark in blank margin of l. 70; overall a large, genuine, copy. Very good.

      [Bookseller: Martayan Lan, Inc.]
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        Charta Cosmographica, cum ventorum propria natura et Operatione

      Germany: Peter Apian, 1545. ONE OF THE FIRST MAPS TO REPRESENT AMERICA: PETER APIAN'S CHARTA COSMOGRAPHICA Wood-block engraving Paper size 8.5" x 12.5" . Book.

      [Bookseller: Arader Galleries]
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        Dennmärkische, Swedische, und Norwägische Chronica.

      Durch den hochberhümpten Albertum Krantzium von Hamburg, von Anfang aller mitt nächtischen Länderen Künigen, iren herzlichen Thatten, und zufälligen Kryegszhandlungen, offs fleissigst, biss off die jarzal Christi M. D. iiii. beschrieben. Newlich durch Henrich von Eppendorff verteütscht. Strassburg, Hans Schotten, 1545. Folio. (8),+ 504,+ (10),+ (2, blanka),+ 305,+ (4),+ (blank),+ 228,+ (6) s. Två nära helsidesträsnitt med riksvapen. Fuktränder på titelbladet och följande 30 blad, därefter endast i neder- och överkant t.o.m. s. 500, samt mot slutet, fläck s. 213 i första delen. Samtida blindpressat skinnband över träpärmar, ryggen med fyra upphöjda bind och senare, beige något skadad titeletikett, pärmarna rikt blindpräglade i speglar, med 1550 präglat på frampärmen, rester av spännen. Främre snittet med "N 33" i bläck. Lagad spricka i ryggen samt något trasig i nedre främre fals. Senare inre pärmpapper. Delvis bortvättad ägaranteckning på titeln, daterad 1602, möjligen Johannes Buchsius. Ur J. H. Schröders bibliotek, med hans exlibris samt ur Ericsbergs bibliotek. VD16K 2234. Ej i Adams. Bibl. danica II, sp. 593. Warmholtz 2497 not. Carlander III, 368f. & 564ff. Första upplagan av Krantz viktiga krönika om de nordiska länderna, och enda tyska 1500-talsupplagan. Det är ett postumt utgivet verk, skrivet 1504. Utgivaren Henrich van Eppendorf fann Krantz latinska manuskript i Köln och översatte det till tyska. Året efter denna utgåva påbörjade han utgivandet av den latinska originaltexten, "Chronica regnorum Aquilonarum, Daniæm Suetiæ, Norvegiæ", vilken tryckes åren 1546-48. Förbättrade latinska utgåvor gavs sedan ut av Johannes Wolfius 1575 och 1583. Verket består av tre delar, ett för vardera land med separata titelblad för Sverige och Norge och separat paginering. Detta är samlingsutgåvan. Eppendorf gav även ut Danmarksdelen separat med annat titelblad, men i övrigt samma tryck (Fredrik III:s vapen dock flyttat från sista preliminärbladet till titelbladet, jmf nummer XXX). Albert Krantz (1448-1517), var dekanus vid katedralen i Hamburg och lärd historiker och teolog. Hans verk om de nordiska länderna hade stor betydelse för den svenska göticistiska historieskrivningen, inte minst för Johannes Magnus, och föreställningen att goterna och goternas krigståg var en del av den svenska historien. Överhuvudtaget var Krantz inriktad på de germanska stammarnas historia, med verk om vandalernas historia (utgivet 1519) och saxarnas (1520), skrivna på renässanshumanistiskt manér, med retorisk utsmyckning efter de antika historikerna. Historieprofessorn Johan Henrik Schröders (1791-1857) bibliotek, "fullt af gamla sällsynta svenska böcker", såldes på bokauktion i Uppsala efter tryckt förteckning. Enligt Henrik Klemming rådde auktionsdagen sådan snöyra i Uppsala att många, både anbud och spekulanter, inte kunde komma fram till auktionen i tid. Böckerna såldes ofta mycket billigt

      [Bookseller: Centralantikvariatet]
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        Problematum Astronomicorum Libri Septem.By the Greatest Influences on Galileo. Venice: Bernardo Giunta & G.B. Ciotti, 1609.

      First edition of the main astronomical work by one of the greatest influences on Galileo. "Guidobaldo was Galileo's patron and friend for twenty years and was possibly the greatest single influence on the mechanics of Galileo." (P. L. Rose in DSB). In this work, originally composed in the 1580s but published posthumously by his son, Guidobaldo deals with mathematical and observational astronomy and the improvement of astronomical instruments. "Guidobaldo helped to develop a number of mathematical instruments, including the proportional compass, the elliptical compass, and a device for dividing the circle into degrees, minutes, and seconds [described and illustrated in this work]." (DSB). "In general Guidobaldo's attitude to mathematical instruments paralleled his attitude towards machines. Through these material devices, he felt, abstract mathematical truth could be made completely visible." (Rose, The Italian Renaissance of Mathematics, p.224).<br/><br/> Guidobaldo del Monte (1545-1607) studied mathematics at Padua and later at Urbino. He became the friend and pupil of Frederico Commandino, whose translation of Pappus he edited and published. His "first book, the 'Liber mechanicorum' (1577), was regarded by contemporaries as the greatest work on statics since the Greeks. [And his 'Perspectivae libri sex' (1600)] the best Renaissance study of perspective ...Guidobaldo was Galileo's patron and friend for twenty years and was possibly the greatest single influence on the mechanics of Galileo. In addition to giving Galileo advice on statics, Guidobaldo discussed projectile motion with him, and both scientists reportedly conducted experiments together on the trajectories of cannonballs. In Guidobaldo's notebook (Paris MS 10246), written before 1607, it is asserted that projectiles follow parabolic paths; that this path is similar to the inverted parabola (actually a catenary) which is formed by the slack of a rope held horizontally; and that an inked ball that is rolled sideways over a near perpendicular plane will mark out such a parabola. Remarkably the same two examples are cited by Galileo at the end of the Two New Sciences, although only as postscripts to his main proof-which is based on the law of free fall-of the parabolic trajectory." (DSB). Ricardi I 180; Houzeau & Lancaster 2912.. Folio (232 x210 mm), ff [6] 128 (numerous mispaginations but fully complete); with large engraved celestial sphere on title and numerous woodcut diagrams in text; slight water stain on outer margin of title and the next 12 leaves; a fine copy in contemporary stiff vellum

      [Bookseller: Sophia Rare Books]
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        Dennmärckische chronick, Alberti Krantzii von Hamburg.

      Newlich durch Henrich von Eppendorff verteütschet. Strassburg, Hans Schotten, 1545. Folio. (7),+ (blank),+ 504,+ (10) s. Titeln tryckt i rött och svart med vapen i träsnitt. Litet maskhål i överkant på titelbladet, fuktränder inledningsvis, återkommande i överkant, enstaka fläckar, en större s. 399. Tryckåret skrivet med bläck på titelbladet. Nött samtida skinnband över träpärmar, ryggen med fyra upphöjda bind och samtida pappersetikett, rikt blindpräglade pärmar, med rester av spännen. Frampärmens insida med äldre bläckanteckningar, delvis på svenska. Sista sidan med ett handskrivet "H" och en stjärna i bläck. På främre pärmen senare tilltryckt C N D och årtalet 1651. Ur Ericsbergs bibliotek.VD16 K 2235. Ej i Adams. Bibl. danica II, sp. 593 & Warmholtz 2497 not, nämner endast den gemensamma utgåvan. Detta är en separatutgåva av Danmarksdelen av första upplagan av Krantz viktiga krönika om de nordiska länderna, med nytt titelblad och med Fredrik III:s vapen flyttat från s. (8) till titelsidan. Det är ett postumt arbete, skrivet 1504. Utgivaren Henrich van Eppendorf fann Krantz latinska manuskript i Köln och översatte det till tyska. I samlingsverket återfinns även Sverige och Norge, med egna titelblad (Danmark har inget separat titelblad i den gemensamma utgåvan). Året efter denna utgåva påbörjade Eppendorf utgivandet av den latinska originaltexten, "Chronica regnorum Aquilonarum, Daniæm, Suetiæ, Norvegiæ", vilken tryckes åren 1546-48. Förbättrade latinska utgåvor gavs sedan ut av Johannes Wolfius 1575 och 1583. Albert Krantz (1448-1517) var dekanus vid katedralen i Hamburg och lärd historiker och teolog. Hans verk om de nordiska länderna hade stor betydelse för den svenska göticistiska historieskrivningen, inte minst för Johannes Magnus, och föreställningen att goterna och goternas krigståg var en del av den svenska historien. Överhuvudtaget var Krantz inriktad på de germanska stammarnas historia, med verk om vandalernas historia (utgivet 1519) och saxarnas (1520), skrivna på renässanshumanistiskt manér, med retorisk utsmyckning efter de antika historikerna

      [Bookseller: Centralantikvariatet]
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        Concordata Inter Sanctissimum Dominum Nostrum Papam Leonum Decimum

      1545. Rebuffi, Pierre [1487-1557], Commentator. Concordata Inter Sanctissimum Dominum Nostrum Papam Leonum Decimum, & Sedem Apostolicam, Ac Christianissimum Dominum Nostrum Regem Franciscum Huius Nominis Primu, & Regnum Aedita. Cum Interpretationibus Aegregii viri D. Petri Rebuffi. Cum Indici Alphabetico. Nunc te, Benevole Lector, Admonere Velim, Me Post Primam, & Alias Huius Libri Aeditiones, Tam Curiae Romane Praxim, Quam Galliarum, Totis (Ut Aiunt) Nervis Hactenus Perquisiuiste, & Ex Omnibus tam Curiarum Franciae, Supremarum Arestis, Quam Rote Decisionibus Multa his, Hoc Notata Signo * Addidisse, Quae si Perlegeris Boni (ut Spero) Consules. Paris: Apud Galeotum Pratensum, 1545. [lxiv], 429, [3]; [ii], 166, [2]; [2], 74, [4] pp. Three parts in one volume. Main text in double columns, text of concordat surrounded by linear gloss. Quarto (9-1/2" x 7"). Later mottled sheep, gilt title to spine, speckled edges. Light rubbing to extremities, a few scuffs to boards. Attractive crible initials, large woodcut printer device to verso of final text leaf. Offsetting to margins of endleaves, faint dampstaining, toning to a few sections, internally clean. Ex-library. Location and author label (Rebuffus) to spine, small bookplate to front pastedown, small stamp to foot of spine. An appealing copy. * Fourth edition. Editorial changes to this edition noted with asterisks. This is an important series of commentaries on the Concordat of 1516, which regulated the status of the Catholic Church in France and established guidelines for the nomination of bishops, the interpretation of canon law and other matters. The final part is Rebuffi's essay Tractatus de Pacificis Possessoribus, which deals with possession and benefices. Rebuffi was the leading French canonist of the period, an auditor of the Rota Romana and the author of several important works, such as Praxis Beneficiorum (1584) and a commentary on De Verborum et Rerum Significatione (1586). OCLC locates 6 copies in North America, 3 in the United States, 2 in law libraries (at Harvard and the University of Pennsylvania). Not in Adams. This edition not in Camus.

      [Bookseller: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd. ]
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        Ain Kurtzer Auszug des treffenlichen Wercks und Fridschirmbüchs. Darin der Kayser und Bäbste gewalt (nit on sonderer frucht der Theologen/Rechtgelehrten/und aller anderer guthertzigen Christen) verstendigklich gehandelt wirdt. An den Christlichen Fridfertigen Kayser Ludwigen denIIII. Gebornen Pfaltzgrauen/ und Herzogen in allem Bayrland/ vor zwayhundert Jahren ausgangen. Durch M. Marrey Müller von Westendorff / vermög der Vorred / aufs getruelichst verteutscht / und zesamen gericht.

      Neuburgi Danubii, 1545. [Colophon: Neuburg an der Thunaw, bey Hannsen Kilian, 1545]. Small folio. Bound in a near contemporary (dated 1602) full vellum binding with handwritten title to spine. The initials "HVHVS" and the year "1602" in gilt to front board. Blindstamped frame to boeards. Vellum cords, and remains of silk ties to boards. A three-line contemporary handwritten inscription to front board, barely legible, presumably an old ower's inscription, as it seems to end with a signature, and definitely the date "1545". The binding has been waterdamaged at some point, leaving it a bit soiled and "wavy", but still solid and fine. Title-page slightly dusty and a dampstain to lower corner throughout (apart from a few pages, very faint), otherwise a very nice and clean copy. A few contemporary marginal annotations. Stamp to verso of title-page: "Burggrafen zu Dohna". Beautiful illustrated woodcut title-border. Woodcut ornaments to top and bottom of all leaves of the preface, some of those at the top shaved (still leaving large margins down to the text). Woodcut device to verso of last leaf. (12), LXX ff.. Scarce first edition of the highly influential first German translation - of seminal importance to the Protestant Reformation! - of Marsilius of Padua's groundbreaking "Defensor Pacis", "one of the most remarkable books in the history of politics" (Figgis, p. 33), "the most thorough and original treatise on the relation of powers written by a medieval analyst" (Watt, p. 416), which "was so exceptional because it had foreshadowed later developments on political thought" (Garnett, p. 2).The first German edition of the work is of particular importance, considering the immense influence the work had in Germany in the middle of the 16th century, significantly influencing the course of the Protestant Reformation. The "Defensor Pacis", written in the beginning of the 14th century, was first published in 1522, in Latin, and was put on the Index in 1559. The preface of that edition also bears testimony to the relevance of the work to 16th century Europe, commenting on the contemporary relevance of the book's anti-papal arguments. In 1535 an English translation appears, and in 1545 the first German edition appears. All three editions are of the utmost scarcity, but one could argue that the first German edition is of the highest importance of the three, carrying a more pressing relevance to the development of Christianity (with the Reformation) that stems from Germany."The ideas most dangerous to papal power were those of the "Defender of the Peace", written in Paris by Marsilio in 1324 and condemned as heretical three years later by Pope John, who also excommunicated William of Ockham in 1326. Most threatening to John was Marsilio's claim that "Christ left no head of the church", but the deeper and more broadly subversive element in the "Defender of the Peace" was the principle that political authority comes FROM God THROUGH the people and only then to pope or king. Popular sovereignty, according to Marsilio, is inalienable; subjects who can always dismiss their ruler only delegate sovereignty, contrary to the view of Aquinas that the consent required of the governed causes them to lose sovereignty. Marsilio moved closer than Thomas both to the political theories that were to accompany vast changes in practical politics during the renaissance and also to Aristotle's older conception of the "polis" as a human artifact, unprotected by the divine mandate that Augustine saw hovering over the city of man. Jean Gerson and other conciliarists who advocated the solutions worked out at Constance were less radical than Marsilio, whose ideas remained to incite not only the transformations of church government that came with the Reformation but also the greater novelties of political philosophy that emerged from new Renaissance statecraft." (Copenhaver & Schmitt, p. 45).Almost from the beginning, the book provoked outrage, contributing to its prolonged influence of both politics and theology. In 1343 Clement VI categorized it as "the worst case of heresy he had ever come across. John XXII's response to the "Defensor pacis" suggests that this was not extravagant hyperbole, but a dispassionate assessment of the perceived threat to the papacy posed by the author." (Garnett, p. 17)."Marsilius Of Padua, Italian Marsilio Da Padova (born c. 1280, Padua, Kingdom of Italy-died c. 1343, Munich), Italian political philosopher whose work Defensor pacis ("Defender of the Peace"), one of the most original treatises on political theory produced during the Middle Ages, significantly influenced the modern idea of the state. He has been variously considered a forerunner of the Protestant Reformation and an architect both of the Machiavellian state and of modern democracy." (Encycl. Britt.).Although the relevance to the course of the Protestant Reformation is obvious and profound, this is not the only great importance that the book possesses. "Even in the august company of Dante and William of Ockham, there appears to be scholarly consensus on Marsilius's pre-eminence. [...] With Marsílius, he [i.e. Figgis] wrote elsewhere, 'it is the omnicompetent, universal, all absorbing modern state, the great Leviathan of later teachers ... not power divided, but power concentrated and unified'.This estimate of Marsilius's significance is also a common one. In 1920 Ephraim Emerton wrote that Marsilius 'is the herald of a new world, the prophet of a new social order, acutely conscious of his modernness and not afraid to confess it.' According to one of his modern editiors, C.W. Previté-Orton: 'The glimmer of modernity, often to be seen elsewhere c. 1300, has suddenly given way [in the Defensor pacis] to a transitory daylight'. 'Like the unfinished statues of Michelangelo, the state [Marsilius] conceives withdraws itself alive from the marble, and seems rather cloaked than shaped by the mass of medieval speculation from which it is hewn'. " (Garnett, pp. 2-3). OCLC lists merely two copies outside of Germany (7) and Denmark (1): Yale and Ohio State. The 1522 Latin edition is much more common in library holdings world-wide, and the English edition, of 1535, slightly more so, with 13 copies listed on OCLC. George Garnett: "Marsilius of Padua & 'The Truth of History'", 2006. J.N. Figgis: "Studies in the History of Political Thought from Gerson to Grotius", 2nd ed., 1916. J.A. Watt: "Spiritual and Temporal Powers", in: The Cambridge History of Medieval Political Thought, c. 350-1450", 1988. Brian P. Copenhaver & Charles B. Schmitt: "Renaissance Philosophy", 1992

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        Practica auff das M.D.XLvj. jar/ durch Doctorem Achillem P. Gasser L. zu Feldkirch gemacht

      J. Petreius Nuremberg: J. Petreius, 1545. Sole known copy of a prediction pamphlet for 1546 with the first reference to Copernicus printed in German as well as the first reference to helioicentrism in a vernacular language. The now little-known astronomer Achilles Gasser was intimately connected with the rise of heliocentrism through his patronage of Georg Rheticus, Copernicus&#146; student, who facilitated the 1543 publication of De Revolutionibus. Gasser was one of the first to read Copernicus&#146; completed work, as its printer, Johann Petreius (who also published the present pamphlet), sent Gasser a copy. The present edition of the Practica is unique in its early use of the German vernacular to promote Copernicus&#146; importance, as well as in its choice of a popular context (ie a farmer&#146;s almanach).The Copernicus reference appears in Gasser&#146;s letter to Caspar Joachim Täntzl, a Tyrolean nobleman whose family mining business brought him an amateur interest in science. The dedicatory letter was likely composed in German for Täntzl, who had a non-academic background. Indeed, it is no mere translation of the introduction to the Latin edition, but includes an entirely different text:&#147; . . . the most learned and wonderful man Dr. Nicolaus Copernicus, away off in Prussia, has taken up the task with such seriousness, diligence, and steadfastness, that for the establishment and restoration of astronomy he has had to lay an utterly and completely new foundation, unheard of before, or rather has been compelled to posit hypotheses not employed by other scholars (namely, that the Sun is a light for all creation and stands unmoved in the midst of the whole universe . . .) and thus has not only demonstratively proven his theory among the mathematicians, and with great pains restored the portrait of Astronomy, but has also immediately been regarded as having perpetrated a heresy, and indeed&#151;by many others incapable of understanding this matter&#151;is already being condemned.&#148; (Danielson, trans., pp 464-5)Gasser implies that his addressee is not one of those &#147;incapable&#148; others who condemn the new without understanding it. On completing this praise, he reminds the nobleman of his promise to give him a spherical lodestone from the family mine. That coveted magnetic object could be used for further study of the rotation of planetary bodies in miniature. Gasser may well have received his boon from Täntzl, for he would produce a book on lodestones in 1558. Yet Gasser&#146;s German letter boldly overstates the positive reception of Copernicus&#146; work. Indeed, Gasser dedicated his Latin edition to Rheticus, exhorting the scholar to make good on his claim that Copernicus had already &#147;demonstratively proven his theory among the mathematicians.&#148; The recently-deceased Copernicus required a new &#147;Theseus,&#148; to disseminate his theory&#151;a position only Rheticus could fill. Numerous scholars penned prediction tracts in this era (including another Petreius author, Johannes Schöner); Gasser wrote one for each year from 1544 and 1547. He makes general predictions for the luckiest days of 1546 (B4v)&#151;as well as specifics relevant for mine owners like Täntzl&#151;the relative value of precious metals (B3). Part farmer&#146;s almanac and part horoscope, Gasser&#146;s predictions depend on the movement of celestial bodies. His investment in propagating the importance of heliocentrism in these seemingly modest tracts should therefore come as no surprise. Well-preserved, unique copy of the earliest example of German Copernican ephemera.Sole known copy in German.English translation (Without a preface): (BSB, Bodleian)Latin version: (Bibliotheque de l&#146;Institute de France; 2 copies)*Danielson, &#147;Achilles Gasser and the Birth of Copernicanism,&#148; Journal for the History of Astronomy, 35/2004, 457-74.. 4to, [20.5 x 15.4 cm], (12) ff. With two title woodcuts of Mars and Luna. Paper over modern vellum with title plaque and leaves expertly reinforced at fold. Paper has even browning, some faint waterstaining, and thumbing, with marginal notations on one leaf. Only known copy.

      [Bookseller: Martayan Lan, Inc. ]
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