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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1496

        No title, but a reduced version of H. Schedel's "Secunda etas mundi"

      Woodcut map within the text sheet, the map 10x14,5cm, the full sheet 28,3x20cm Augsburg (1496) - 1497 As discussed in the next entry this full sheet in Latin with the world map from the so-called "Mini-Schedel" is a very rare incunabula print. The text is rubricated and the beard on Iaphet, Sem and Cam is old-coloured.. In excellent condition. R. Shirley "The Mapping of the World" entry 20, Benedicte Gamborg Briså "Northward Bound At The Far Edge Of The World" Nordkappmuseet 2010, page 9 - 10 illustrated

      [Bookseller: Kunstantikvariat PAMA AS]
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        Epitome, in Cl. Ptolemaei magnam compositionem, continens propositiones & annotationes, quibus totum Almagestum, quod sua difficultate etiam doctiorem ingenioq´[ue] præstantiore lectorem deterrere consueuerat, dilucida & breui doctrina ita declaratur & exponitur, ut mediocri quoq[ue] indole & eruditione præditi sine negotio intelligere possint.Published the same year as Copernicus' De revolutionibus. [Colophon:] Basel: Heinrich Petri, August 1543.

      A beautiful copy, entirely untouched in the publisher's boards, of the second printed edition (first 1496) of this epochal text. The date of publication of this edition of the <i>Epitome coincides</i>, of course, with that of the first edition of Copernicus' <i>De revolutionibus</i> (printed at Nuremberg by Petreius). In his annotated Census of Copernicus' great work, Owen Gingerich notes that the 1543 <i>Epitome</i> is the work most commonly bound up with copies of <i>De revolutionibus</i> (it is found with 12 copies of the first edition and four of the second), and comments that this is appropriate not just because of the timing but also the subject matter. But in his review of the <i>Census</i> (<i>Journal for the History of Astronomy</i> 34 (2003), pp. 97-111), Adam Mosley suggests that there may be another explanation. Petreius studied at Basel, after which he worked as a corrector in the printing office of Heinrich Petri's father Adam. Mosley suggests that the two printer-publishers, Petreius and Petri, may have been co-distributors of the first edition of <i>De revolutionibus</i>, and the close relationship between them is further suggested by the fact that Petri published the second edition of Copernicus in 1566. <br/><br/> "Regiomontanus' influence was felt in both western and eastern Europe and his publication of the Almagest helped to re-introduce Greek astronomy into the western world" (PMM 40). "The <i>Epytoma</i> is a central work in the history of Renaissance astronomy in that it codified and corrected the somewhat disordered Ptolemaic astronomy of the middle ages" (Rose, <i>The Italian Renaissance of Mathematics</i>, p. 94). "At the end of the fifteenth century, Ptolemy's achievement remained at the pinnacle of astronomical thought; and by providing easier access to Ptolemy's complex masterpiece, the Peurbach-Regiomontanus <i>Epitome</i> contributed to current scientific research rather than to improved understanding of the past" (DSB).<br/><br/> The <i>Epitome</i> was begun by Peurbach, who, when he lay on his death-bed in 1462, made Regiomontanus promise that he would complete it. Regiomontanus had hoped to publish the book at his own press in Nuremberg in the 1470s, but his premature death delayed its appearance for more than twenty years. Based on a Greek manuscript belonging to Cardinal Bessarion rather than the debased Latin translations from the Arabic, the <i>Epitome</i> was more reliable than the Latin versions (1515 and 1528) that appeared in the first decades of the sixteenth century. The <i>editio princeps</i> of the Greek text (1538) was based on the same Bessarion manuscript (claimed by Bessarion to be worth more than a province, it is now lost). Thus, even after the publication of the early translations, the <i>Epitome</i> continued to provide the most reliable Latin version of the Almagest. <br/><br/> "The Epitome was supposed to facilitate the understanding of the astronomy in Ptolemy's Almagest, the foundation of ancient astronomy. The derivation of planetary paths was very awkward, and the necessary mathematical formulas were held to be obsolete, ever since Geber had introduced the Law of Sines for easy solution of spherical triangles, back in the twelfth century. Faced with these defects, Peurbach took a new tack ... The end of Section 22 [Book V] contains the crucial remark that it is wonderful that the moon does not occasionally appear four times its usual size, as the Ptolemaic theory requires. This reference to a flagrant defect in the prevailing theory must have made quite an impression on a youthful Copernicus, who purchased the work for himself ... <br/><br/> "Peurbach had nearly completed the first six books at his death. Regiomontanus then took over the task and finished it ... His reworking of Book VIII is worthy of comment ... [he] reported on the motion of the firmament as it follows from the observations of Ptolemy and his successors, and referred to the uncertainty of these occasionally contradictory points of view ... this reference to the necessity of a new determination of stellar motion (the precession) was also significant, in view of the subsequent sections in which Regiomontanus gives instructions for calculating stellar coordinates ... At this point, everything necessary for a new survey of the stars and the production of a new star catalogue was in place. It was now only a matter of beginning with the observations .. <br/><br/> "The Epitome of the Almagest was a new astronomical treatise ... Both Copernicus and Galileo used it as their textbook. It was highly thought of by the Jesuits, so that it was not banned, and even the Jesuits in Peking taught from it" (Zinner, Regiomontanus: his life and work, pp. 52-4). <br/><br/> STC 718 (under Ptolemaeus); Adams R 283; Brunet III, 1855; VD 16 M 6534; Lalande 62; Houzeau & Lancaster. I, 2261; Sotheran, 2nd suppl., 3747. Dibner 1; Evans 14; Horblit 89; Norman 1565; PMM 40; Stillwell 103 (all referring to the first edition). Gingerich, An annotated census of Copernicus' "De Revolutionibus" (Nuremberg, 1543 and Basel, 1566), 2002.. Folio (282 x 196 mm), pp [xvi] 267 [1], printer's device on title and final page, text in double columns, woodcut diagrams in text, some gatherings with toning, marginal damp stain to the final 30 pages (effecting the final leaf most), but in all completely genuine and unsophisticated copy in the original boards. Rare

      [Bookseller: Sophia Rare Books]
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