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Ierusalem - HOLLAR, Wenceslaus - 1660. 
London 1660 - Panorama of two joint sheets, copper engraving, dimensions 39 x 108.5 cm. Small plan with legend in the upper left corner titled "Hierusalem veteris imago vera." and index No1-50 in the upper right corner. Framed and glazed. One of the most impressive engraved views of Jerusalem: a celebrated monumental panorama in its first state. The representation of the Jewish Temple at Jerusalem is based on the engravings in H. Prado and J.B. Villalpando's De postrema Ezechielis prophetae visione [ ], published in Rome in 1604. Depicted is the city within its embattled walls amongst surrounding hilly environs. The upper left inset shows the plan of ancient Jerusalem, as indicated by the title "Hierosolymae veteris imago vera". The upper right corner contains an index listing the main buildings of the city. Inside the city's walls, Solomon's Temple (i.e. the First Temple) and the Palace of King David are figured prominently on the Temple Mount. Out of the six views of the Temple of Jerusalem designed by Hollar, four can be found in the Biblia Sacra Polyglotta (London, 1655-57). Yet the printed source in which the other two appear, including the one above, is uncertain. In his Descriptive Catalogue of the Etched Work of Wenceslaus Hollar (Cambridge, 1982), Richard Pennington claims that the engraving was originally included in the "Restoration Bible" printed in Cambridge by John Field in 1660. It does not however, appear in Cambridge's copy of this publication. Václav (Wenceslaus) Hollar (1607, Prague - 1677, London) was a Bohemian etcher, whose works are a rich source of information about the 17th century. He went to Frankfurt in 1627 to study under the engraver and publisher Matthäus Merian, and later moved to Strasbourg, and then to Cologne in 1633. There Hollar attracted the attention of the collector Thomas Howard, Earl of Arundel, with whom he was associated for most of his life. In a career of some 50 years he produced almost 3,000 etchings on a variety of subjects, with the direct, realist style that makes them such valuable historical documents. The British Museum, the print room at Windsor Castle and the National Gallery in Prague all hold near complete collections of Hollar's work. New Hollstein 1732; Parthey 1130; Laor 1043.
[Bookseller: Shapero Rare Books]
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