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Ephemera - RARE Broadside - Dos Vistas De - De Velez Bracho - 1843. 
Seville, 1843. Seville, 1843. Uncommon original broadside for two bullfights taking place at the Seville Plaza 16-17 April 1843, with very detailed programme details and a beautiful steel cut engraving which illustrates the sport in its traditional form - the matador being mounted. Printed by De Velez Bracho. Text is in Spanish. Folio. Single leaf measuring approximately 28,5 x 39 cm. Mounting paper to left margin, unobtrusive to text, otherwise in very good condition, clean and bright. "Con el Correspondiente Permiso Se EgecutarÃ¡n Dos Vistas de Toros en los tardes del Domingo 16 y Lunes 17 del presente mes de Abril La Plaza serÃ¡ mandada y presidida por la Autoridad competente" [With permission two bullfighting events will take place in the afternoons of Sunday the 16th and Monday the 17th of April this year The Plaza will be directed and chaired by the competent authority] Especially interesting about this document is the woodcut illustration of a matador de toros (bullfighter) mounted on horseback while lancing his behemoth opponent. From ancient times to mid-nineteenth century, a bullfighter was mounted on a highly trained horse; while mounted he confronted and killed the bull. With skilled capework, a man on foot aided the horseman in positioning the bull. The capeman, in his precarious proximity to the bull, began to draw more attention from the crowd however, and the modern style corrida de toros (running of bulls) subsequently took shape, the bullfighter being face to face at ground level with the raging bull. The two famous and accredited matadors are named, including D. Francisco Taviel de Andrade, who had been performing at the Seville bull ring since 1832 (the same year in which he purchased land from the famous bullfighter Fernando Concha y Sierra; and Senior Conde del Aguila who bred his own cattle in his "ganaderia, and who may be a nobleman associated with the Royal Palace of La Granja de San Ildefonso. Spectator fees ranged from 28 rs to 6 rs, be they watching from the "barandillas de piedra" (stone railings), the Balcones de sol (sun balconies), etc. [Spanish-style bullfighting today is in fact reverse to the traditional sport depicted on this broadside, each matador now being on foot and having as assistants two mounted picadores (lancers on horseback), as well as others on foot in the ring with him.] Construction of the circular Plaza de toros de la Real Maestranza de CaballerÃa de Sevilla began in 1749. Situated on Baratillo hill, it replaced an even earlier rectangular bullfighting building, and it continues to host one of the world's most popular bullfighting festivals including the Feria de Abril, and the most challenging of competitions. From 1786-88 under the reign of Carlos [Charles] III of Spain, bullfighting was prohibited. Bullfighting is normally fatal for the bull, and it is dangerous for the matador. Activism against bullfighting has existed in Spain since the beginning of the early nineteenth century, when a group of intellectuals, pertaining to the Generation of 98, embarked on a dual crusade against the popularity of bullfighting and Flamenco music, dismissing them as "non-European" elements of Spanish culture which were to blame for the country's social and economic backwardness. More recently, bullfighting has come under increasing attack over concern for animal welfare. Separatist and nationalist sentiment in Catalonia has played a key role in the region-wide ban ofthe practice, which is strongly associated to Spanish national identity. Galician and Basque nationalism have also expressed abolitionist stances on the basis of identity politics, although in the case of the latter this has been somewhat mooted by the fact that bullfighting is at the heart of the San Fermin festival in Pamplona. Animal welfare concerns are perhaps the prime driver of anti-bullfighting outside of Spain, although rejection of traditionalism and criollo elitism may also play a role in Latin America, explaining why such activism is so closely associated to leftist or far-leftist positions in Mexico, Ecuador and Colombia. . Very Good.
[Bookseller: Voyager Press Rare Books & Manuscripts, ]
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