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Report of the Commissioner of the General Land Office for the Year 1866, with map of the United States and Territories
Washington, G.P.O, 1867-01-01. Hardcover. Very Good. Octavo. 43p, tables, folding map. Bound in publishers green cloth. Gilt lettering on front cover. Minimal shelfwear. Owners name of A.W. Hoyt on inside board. Faint foxing to inside boards and prelims. Clean, unmarked pages. Map is 54.5 in x 28.25 in. with contemporary hand-colored outling to boarding. 2 small tears at the left margin of map, where the map is pasted to the inside board. 2 small holes at corners. The General Land Office (GLO) was an independent agency of the United States government responsible for public domain lands in the United States. It was created in 1812 to take over functions previously conducted by the United States Department of the Treasury. In 1849, it was placed in the Department of the Interior, and later merged with the United States Grazing Service to become the Bureau of Land Management on July 16, 1946. The GLO oversaw the surveying, platting and sale of the public lands in the Western United States and administered the Homestead Act and the Preemption Act in disposal of public lands. The frantic pace of Public Land sales in the 19th century American west led to the idiomatic expression "Land Office business", meaning a thriving or high-volume trade. The year of 1866 was the first year of The Southern Homestead Act. It is a United States federal law enacted to break a cycle of debt during the Reconstruction following the American Civil War. Prior to this act, blacks and whites alike were having trouble buying land. Sharecropping and tenant farming had become ways of life. This act attempted to solve this by selling land at low prices so that southerners could buy it. Many people, however, could still not participate because the low prices were still too high. The Southern Homestead Act opened up 46,398,544.87 acres (about 46 million acres or 190,000 km²) of public land for sale in the Southern states of Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Louisiana, and Mississippi. The land was initially in parcels of 80-acre (0.32 km2) (half-quarter section) until June 1868, and thereafter parcels of 160-acre (0.65 km2) (quarter section), and homesteaders were required to occupy and improve the land for five years before acquiring full ownership. Ultimately, before too much land was distributed, the law was repealed in June 1876. Nevertheless, free Blacks entered about 6,500 claims to homesteads, and about 1,000 of these eventually resulted in property certificates. The map accompanying shows the surveyed land in the states effected along with Midwestern states and the Pacific. Also shown were the known mineral deposits in America at the time, which led to the upcoming Indian Wars of the 1870s.
      [Bookseller: SequiturBooks]
Last Found On: 2014-11-29           Check availability:      Biblio    

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