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Die Krankheiten der Künstler und Handwerker und die Mittel sich vor denselben zu schützen. ...
. Ilmenau, Gedruckt und verlegt bey Bernhard Friedrich Voigt, 1823, 8°, XVI, 438, (2) pp.,1 Kupferstichtafel, feiner Halbledereinband der Zeit mit Rückenvergoldung und rotem Rückenschildchen; feines Exemplar.. The first edition was published in. Modena, 1700, and reprinted in Utrecht in 1703 - the SLS Library has one copy of the latter. A revised edition (Modena 1713) is the definitive one, containing many corrections to the first and a Supplement of twelve new chapters on trades previously undescribed. Apart from reprints there are twenty-five editions and translations published before the middle of the nineteenth Century. The latest English edition was published in New York in 1940. The Present, very rare, edition is the third German. Dreceded by editions of 1718 and 170-1783. - - Ramazzini's famous 'De morbis artificum diatriba' opened up an entirely new department of modern medicine, viz., trade diseases and industrial hygiene, and is the first book dealing adequately with occupational diseases. - - Ramazzini was professor of medicine at Modena and at Padua until his death in 1714. He was not only the founder and greatest exponent of a new medical discipline, but he was also an excellent general clinician, epidemiologist, sanitarian, and poet. He wrote on the water supply of Modena, cattle plague, personal hygiene, and on the use of cinchona bark. - - Occasional references had been made to occupational diseases in general medical works since the time of Hippocrates. Paracelsus had been concerned with diseases of miners. Ramazzini methodically collected all that had been written before him on the subject and set to investigate the diseases of artisans, their causes, and the relations that existed between the disease and the occupation. In a series of masterly observations, still worthy of being read with interest and profit, he recognizes the harmful effects of metals used in various techniques, noting the damage produced by mercury in surgeons using mercurial inunctions, in chemists and pharmacists who prepared the remedies, and in gilders. He describes various disorders that attack painters due to lead poisoning. He speaks authoritatively of the diseases of tinners and of coloured-glass workers who handle antimony. He points out that disorders can result from the strain of unusual physical demands or postures, such as those required of tailors. Among his more astute observations are his accounts of the "phthisis" acquired by stone-workers and miners (silicosis and pneumoconiosis). - - There are even chapters devoted to the diseases of monks, nuns, capitalists, etc. and also of writers and "learned men" who by spending their time mostly indoors, sitting still and trying eyes, contracted serious diseases. This latter is further discussed by Linnaeus in his dissertation, Morbi artificum (1765). - - Ramazzini was the first to recognize the social significance of occupational diseases and his book appeared at a most opportune time, since, with the beginning of industrial development in the eighteenth Century, prevention of accidents from machinery and the general health of workers became increasingly important. Few classical works in medicine equal Ramazzini's book in the pleasure it gives to read today. - - "The Italian joumal of social hygiene, published since 1907, is entitled 'II Ramazzini'. - - Garrison-Morton 2121 (1st. Ed.); Castiglioni 564 - 565; Lily Libray, Notable Medical Books, 99 (1st. ed.); Printing and the Mind of Man, 170 (1st. Ed.); Rosen, History of miners' diseases (1943), 108 - 120; Waller 7728.
      [Bookseller: Antiquariat für Medizin - Fritz-Dieter S]
Last Found On: 2014-10-29           Check availability:      ZVAB    

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