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De Situ Orbis
nbsp; Samuel Luchtmans 1748 - An extremely scarce copy of A. Gronovius's 1748 edition of this ancient geographical text. With engraved frontispiece andone folding map (collated complete). Withseveral illustrations in the text throughout, decorative tail pieces and capitals. With full notes by Hermolai Barbari, Petri Joannis Oliverii, Fredenandi Nonii Pintiani, Petri Ciacconii, Andreae Schotti, Isaaci Vossii, et Jacobi Gronovii. Added to Teri Joannis Nunnesii and Jacobi Perizonii. Care of Abrahamo Gronovio. Some Greek text included. Pomponius Mela, who wrote around AD 43, was the earliest Roman geographer. He was born in Tingentera (Algeciras) and died c. AD 45. His short work (De situ orbis libri III. ) occupies less than one hundred pages of ordinary print. It is laconic in style and deficient in method, but of pure Latinity, and occasionally relieved by pleasing word-pictures. Except for the geographical parts of Pliny's Historia naturalis (where Mela is cited as an important authority) the De situ orbis is the only formal treatise on the subject in Classical Latin. The general views of the De situ orbis mainly agree with those current among Greek writers from Eratosthenes to Strabo; the latter was probably unknown to Mela. But Pomponius is unique among ancient geographers in that, after dividing the earth into five zones, of which two only were habitable, he asserts the existence of antichthones, inhabiting the southern temperate zone inaccessible to the folk of the northern temperate regions from the unbearable heat of the intervening torrid belt. On the divisions and boundaries of Europe, Asia and Africa, he repeats Eratosthenes; like all classical geographers from Alexander the Great (except Ptolemy) he regards the Caspian Sea as an inlet of the Northern Ocean, corresponding to the Persian and Arabian (Red Sea) gulfs on the south. The first edition of Mela was published at Milan in 1471; the first good edition was by Vadianus (Basel, 1522), superseded by those of Voss (1658), J Gronovius (1685 and 1696), A Gronovius (1722 and 1728), and Tzschucke (18061807), in seven parts (Leipzig; the most elaborate of all); G Paithey's (Berlin, 1867), gives the best text. Condition: In a decorative vellum binding with gilt illustration. Externally sound although rubbed with marks. Institutional markings to spine. Internally, firmly bound. Bright with light scattered spotting, dusting to the textblock edge affecting the margins. Monastic library bookplate to front pastedown and ink stamp to front free-endpaper. Small copperplate signature to front free-endpaper. Frontispiece has been repaired but has a small closed tear. Overall: VERY GOOD [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]
      [Bookseller: Rooke Books PBFA]
Last Found On: 2014-10-10           Check availability:      AbeBooks    


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