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A Fugitive General Presents His Memoir to a Confederate General, Who Then Adds his Marginalia
Toronto, Canada 1866 - Signed Book. Presentation Copy of Early's A Memoir of the Last Year of the War for Independence. (Toronto: Lovell & Gibson, 1866). 144 pp., 5 1/2 x 8 1/2 in. Throughout, the recipient, Confederate General William Payne, adds his own notes and extensive comments detailing battles, disagreeing with Early's assessments, correcting dates, and commenting on Early's character. Confederate General Jubal A. Early presented this copy of his memoir to fellow Confederate General William H. Payne inscribed on the title page: "General Payne/With the compliments of J A Early/Toronto C. W./Jany 10th 1867." Payne's ownership note, "William H. Payne from Lt Gen Early. 1867" appears on the front pastedown.Most ironically, Payne disagrees with Early's conclusion and assessment of Robert E. Lee at war's end:"These people have always been eager to claim that Genl Lee foresaw &c , was preparing &c &c for our defeat & give up the game. I never believed it of him, & I know that he felt that there was always time enough to sue for terms-that it was better to spin it out gloriously to the last then fall one hour to soon - "one hour of freedom is worth a whole eternity of bondage." " (pp. 137-138).However, Payne is blind to the true nature of bondage in the South. Despite all their claims to independence and states' rights, the South was ultimately fighting their so-called "war of independence" to extend the slave system as a way of life. Confederate Vice President Alexander Stephens admitted as much in March 1861:"The new Constitution has put at rest forever all the agitating questions relating to our peculiar institutions-African slavery as it exists among us-the proper status of the negro in our form of civilization. This was the immediate cause of the late rupture and present revolution. .Our new Government is founded upon exactly the opposite ideas; its foundations are laid, its cornerstone rests, upon the great truth that the negro is not equal to the white man; that slavery, subordination to the superior race, is his natural and moral condition."Other excerpts of Payne's extensive handwritten comments:"This was a very brilliant affair for our Cavalry. Some thought that more might have been made out of it. Questionable." (43)"Lees cavalry had not then reached the Valley & the criticism has no reference nor application to that division Page 78 B-76 B" (p. 75)"The skirmishing was incessant. I think I was under fire nearly every day for the month preceding battle of Winchester & confess I did not exactly understand it. It mystified me sometimes as much as the enemy. I often believed we were going to attack, when we were only bullying." ( p. 83)"This is true Early was badly slandered in this respect. I know personally, of my own observation, that he was entirely sober at Cedar Creek. I took a drink with him just as the attack on our left was made & I am strongly persuaded, it was his only drink that day." (p. 120)"The entire force was 650 of which 500 was Paynes Brigade, which alone was concerned in the attack. Its commander having taken the responsibility of making it after Genl Roper had proposed to abandon it. It was a complete success." (p. 127)Historical BackgroundFollowing the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia, Early fled southwest to Texas in hopes of finding a Confederate force still in the field. Unsuccessful, he fled across the border into Mexico. From there he sailed to Cuba before settling in Toronto, Canada. He was officially pardoned in 1868 by President Andrew Johnson and returned to Virginia in 1869.William H. F. Payne enlisted as a private in the Confederate army shortly after the secession of his native Virginia and, by the end of the war, had risen to the rank of brigadier general.Jubal Anderson Early (1816-1894), graduated from West Point in 1837 and served briefly in the Second Seminole War (1835-1842) and the Mexican War (1846-1848) prior to the Civil War.At first against secessi. (See website for full description) [Attributes: Hard Cover]
      [Bookseller: Seth Kaller Inc.]
Last Found On: 2014-10-10           Check availability:      IberLibro    


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