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[FORTY LITHOGRAPHIC VIEWS, MOSTLY OF THE WEST INDIES BUT ALSO INCLUDING A FEW OF NORTH AMERICA]
[Halifax or Bermuda? Early 1870s].. [Halifax or Bermuda? Early 1870s].. Forty lithographic views, some on two sheets, joined. Various sizes, from 2 3/4 x 7 1/2 inches to 7 1/2 x 21 inches. Almost all with printed titles, two with titles in pencil. All mounted at corners onto album leaves. Contemporary oblong folio album of half calf and embossed cloth, gilt- lettered calf label ("West Indies") on front board. New leather spine and corners. Some light spotting, but in very good condition. In a folding box, leather label. An album of exceedingly rare lithographic views of scenes in the West Indies and North America. Though unattributed, these lithographs are after original drawings by Vice Admiral Sir Edward Gennys Fanshawe of the British Royal Navy. The drawings were made by him while he was Commander in Chief of the North American and West Indies Station from 1870 to 1874, and we believe the lithographs to have been made about the same time. Vice Admiral Sir Edward Gennys Fanshawe (1814-1906) was the son of a distinguished general and the grandson of naval commander Robert Fanshawe, who served with Admiral John Byron. Fanshawe attended the Royal Naval College at Greenwich and entered the navy in December, 1828. He served in the Mediterranean, India, and in the home and Lisbon stations. In 1841 he was promoted to commander, and was sent to the East Indies, where he earned acclaim for reducing a pirate stronghold at Borneo. Fanshawe then served in the Pacific, in the Baltic during the Crimean War, and again in the Mediterranean. In 1863 he as promoted to Rear Admiral, and two years later was made a Lord of the Admiralty. In 1870 Fanshawe was promoted to Vice Admiral and was appointed Commander in Chief of the North American and West Indies Station, a position he held until 1874. Following that he was president of the Royal Naval College, and then Commander in Chief at Portsmouth, until his retirement in 1879. Vice Admiral Fanshawe was an accomplished artist, and painted and sketched throughout his long career in the navy. The National Maritime Museum in Greenwich holds several paintings by Fanshawe, as well as an album of lithographic views after his sketches in the West Indies, North America, and Borneo (presented to the Museum in 1951). When Fanshawe was appointed Commander in Chief of the North American and West Indies Station in September, 1870, he sailed with his family for Halifax, Nova Scotia. Joining him was his son, (a future Admiral of the Fleet) Arthur Fanshawe, as his flag lieutenant. The Fanshawes mainly lived at Admiralty House, Halifax in the summer, and at Clarence Hill, Bermuda, in the winter. During the winters Fanshawe took regular cruises around the West Indies to show the flag, visit British stations, and conduct fleet exercises. Among the places visited were Demerara, Trinidad, St. Vincent, Martinique, Barbados, Antigua, Jamaica (a yearly occurrence), and Cuba. He also visited the United States and Canada, taking his flagship, the "Royal Alfred," to Annapolis and meeting with President Grant in Washington, as well as visiting Quebec, Ottawa, and Niagara Falls. Nearly all the lithographs in the present album match the lithographs as captioned and described in the Fanshawe album of views in the West Indies, North America, and Borneo at the National Maritime Museum. In their cataloging of that album of lithographs, the NMM states: "It can only be assumed [Fanshawe] made the drawings that are the basis of the West Indian and American lithographs: who turned them into prints and when is unknown. It is not impossible he did so himself later but perhaps unlikely: his son Evelyn might be another possibility, since he was also an amateur photographer." We surmise that the lithographs were created from Fanshawe's drawings while he was Commander in Chief in North America, and that they were likely made in either Halifax (where he summered) or Bermuda (where he wintered). In all there are forty total views in the present album, including of Bermuda, Jamaica, St. Kitts, Antigua, Trinidad, Tobago, and elsewhere in the West Indies. A few of the views are of North America, and include views of Niagara Falls and the St. Lawrence River. The views included in the album are as follow: 1) "From Signal Hill, - Bermuda." 2) Untitled, showing a coastal fortress with sailboats and a canoe circling it. 3) "St. Salvador." (captoned in pencil) 4) "Court House. Berbice." 5) "Bocca Grande Trinidad." 6) "Rockly Bay. Tobago." 7) "Forte King George Tobago." 8) "U. Point of Man of War Bay." 9) "Man of War Bay. Tobago." 10) "Courtam. Tobago." 11) "Fort George. Grenada." 12) "Grenada." 13) "Bay of Cariacou Grenadines." (captioned in pencil) 14) "Dorsetshire Hill. St. Vincents." 15) "Berkshire Hill and Kingstown. St. Vincents." 16) "From Marne Fortune St. Lucia." 17) "Pigeon Island." 18) "The Pitons St. Lucia." 19) "Roseau. Dominica." 20) "Dows Hill. Antigua." 21) "From Shirley Heights. Antigua." 22) "Freemans Bay." 23) "Falmouth Bay. Antigue." 24) "Basse terre. St. Kitts." 25) "Entrance of the Harbour of St. Thomas's." 26) "Kingston Bay from Ft. Nugent - Jamaica." 27) "Off Morant. Jamaica." 28) "Kingston Bay. from near Port Royal. Jamaica." 29) "Port Antonio - Jamaica." 30) "Rio Bueno. Jamaica." 31) "Staten Island." 32) "7 Miles West of Gannequis." 33) "Falls at Montmorenci." 34) "Lake St. Peters. St. Laurence." 35) "Falls of Niagara." 36) "Riviere de Loup." 37) "Looking up Niagara River from near Fort George." 38) "Iceberg." 39) "St. Ann's Church." 40) "near By Town." (apparently Ottawa). An outstanding album of rare and accomplished lithographic views in the West Indies and North America, by the British commanding Admiral of the North American and West Indies Station. Fanshawe, Edward Gennys, Sir, ADMIRAL SIR EDWARD GENNYS FANSHAWE, G.C.B.; A RECORD, NOTES - JOURNALS - LETTERS (London. 1904). especially chapter 17. Royal Museums Greenwich: http://collections.rmg.co.uk/collections/object s/552947.html DICTIONARY OF NATIONAL BIOGRAPHY (online).
      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
Last Found On: 2014-03-24           Check availability:      Biblio    

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