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T'erorizmi da k'omunizmi [Terrorism and Communism]
Tbilisi: S. S. S. R. Sakhelmts'ipo Gamomtsemloba, 1924. Octavo (22.8 × 15 cm). Original printed wrappers; 193, [1] pp. About very good, partially uncut and unopened; small owner inscription to front wrapper and light wear to spine. First Georgian edition of Trotsky's defense of violent revolution, initially published in German in 1920. Trotsky's book is a response to Karl Kautsky's pamphlet "Die Diktatur des Proletariats" (Vienna, 1918), which criticizes the Bolshevik overthrow of the beginnings of parliamentary democracy in Russia after the October Revolution. Lenin was the first to rebut Kautsky's "betrayal", insisting that the revolutionary dictatorship of the proletariat against the bourgeoisie was necessary and should not be encumbered by laws or moral considerations. A year later, Trotsky's book presented a longer justification for the temporary use of violence and terror in the transition to socialism, as well as a warning: "The man who repudiates the dictatorship of the proletariat repudiates the socialist revolution and digs the grave of socialism." This Georgian translation of Trotsky's work was issued after the Soviet invasion of Georgia and the creation of a Transcaucasian SFSR, together with former Armenia and Azerbaijan, in 1922. Its publication also followed the so-called Georgian Affair of 1922-1923, an important dispute about local autonomy and national interests in the region, which was ultimately decided in favor of Stalin and Ordzhonikidze, squashing Georgia's hopes of becoming an independent member state of the Soviet Union. Lenin himself followed the conflict, and was dismayed by Stalin's imposition of central authority on smaller nation states, and the Affair was perhaps the final reason for his break with the future leader of the Soviet Union. With his health declining, Lenin reached out to Trotsky in the hope of gaining him for the Georgian cause, but Trotsky was evidently suspicious of Georgia as a center of Menshevism. A scarce translation, which would have been subject to confiscation after Trotsky's fall from grace in the late 1920s. One of 2000 copies. We are unable to trace any copies in KVK or OCLC.
      [Bookseller: Penka Rare Books, ILAB]
Last Found On: 2018-02-26           Check availability:      IOBABooks    


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