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Don Pietro Di Portogallo & Anno 1668 Aka Peter Ii Aka Pedro Ii ( Original Antique Engraving From Historia Di Leopoldo Cesare, Continente Le Cose Piu Memorabili Successe In Europa, Dal 1656 Fino Al 1670.
[Circa 1670-1674]: Gaspar Bouttats, 1670. 1st Edition 1st Printing. No Binding. Near Fine. Original Engraving By Gaspar Bouttats. Original Engraving, Circa 1670, Signed As Engraved By Gaspar Bouttats. Apparently A Leaf From A Collection Of Portraits. Part Of A Large Collection Of Original Antique Engravings Formed By A Southern California Artist In The Early To Middle Twentieth Century. Each Plate Has Small Glue Marks On Reverse Where They Were Tipped In To An Album. Dom Pedro Ii (1648 - 1706), Nicknamed "The Pacific", Was The King Of Portugal And The Algarves From 1683 Until His Death, Previously Serving As Regent For His Brother King Afonso Vi From 1668 Until His Own Accession. He Was The Fifth And Last Child Of King John Iv And His Wife Queen Luisa De Guzmán. Peter Not Only Inherited His Brother's Throne But Also Wed His Former Spouse, Queen Marie-Françoise Of Savoy (1646-1683). They Had One Daughter, Isabel Luísa, Princess Of Beira (1669-90), Heiress-Presumptive. Peter Consolidated Portugal's Independence With The Signing Of The Treaty Of Lisbon In 1668, Putting The Portuguese Restoration War, That Began In 1640, To An End. He Formed An Alliance With England And Had Its Decisive Support Based On Marriage Clauses That United Charles Ii Of England With His Sister Catherine Of Braganza In 1661. Portugal Ceded Tangier And Bombay, And Compromised To Transfer To The English The Majority Of The Places Recovered From The Dutch, To Share In Half The Commerce Of Cinnamon, To Install English Families With The Same Privileges Of The Portuguese Families In Goa, Cochin, Diu, Bahia, Pernambuco And Rio De Janeiro. In Exchange, England Would Give Lisbon Military Support, Protecting Portuguese Shipments In The Mediterranean And The Coasts Of Lisbon And Porto. The English Alliance Was Decisive In The Consolidation Of Peter's Leadership. He Centralized The Monarchy's Power And Dissolved The Excessive Strength The Nobility Had Gained After The Death Of John Iv In 1656. His Long Tenure Was One Of Important Accomplishments. In 1671 He Conceded Freedom Of Commerce To The English Residing In Portugal And Began The Establishment Of Textile Manufactures. Dona Isabel Luísa Was Proclaimed Heiress To The Throne At The Portuguese Cortes Of 1674, Peter Promulgating A Letter «On The Regencies And Tutorships Of Kings» To Better Found The Rights Of His Daughter.By Marrying Again, Peter Ii Chose The Sister Of The Queen Of Spain, Daughter Of Philipp Wilhelm, Elector Palatine. The New Queen, Maria Sophia Of Neuburg, Never Influenced Political Life, Maintaining A Low Profile. The Couple Had Eight Children, Including The Younger John, Who Succeeded His Father In 1706 As King John V Of Portugal. Peter Initially Supported France And Spain In The War Of Spanish Succession (1701-1714), But On 16 May 1703, Portugal And England Signed The Methuen Treaty. This Trade Accord Granted Mutual Commercial Privileges For Portuguese Wine And English Textile Traders And Would Later Give England Significant Influence In The Portuguese Economy. This Was Followed In December 1703 By A Military Alliance Between Portugal, Austria And England For An Invasion Of Spain. Portuguese And Allied Forces, Under The Command Of The Marquis Of Minas, Captured Madrid In 1706, During The Campaign Which Ended In The Allied Defeat At Almansa.The King Fixated The Basis Of His Brazilian Policy In Two Main Points: The Research Of Precious Metals And Stones And The Expansion Of The Borders Of The Colony To The Banks Of The Río De La Plata. He Sent The Viscount Of Barbacena To Brazil With Instructions To Encourage The Mining Explorations. The Reputation Of The Paulistas Was Such That, Urged By Barbacena, Peter Wrote To Twelve Frontiersmen Piratinganos, And Provided Them With The "Incomparable Honor" Of A Direct Interpellation, Summoning Them To Place Their Employment At The Royal Service. Under His Reign Was Created The Casa Da Moeda Do Brasil, Inaugurated On 8 March 1694. The King Ceded His Seigniorage Rights, Tribute Owed To Him, In Favor Of The Better Functioning Of This Institution.
      [Bookseller: Arroyo Seco Books]
Last Found On: 2018-02-24           Check availability:      IOBABooks    


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