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DOMINICAN GRADUAL (SUMMER PART), Illuminated liturgical manuscript with musical notation
ILLUMINATED MANUSCRIPT IN LATIN ON VELLUM, with additions on paper, The Netherlands (Utrecht?), c. 1450 with later additions dated 1702, 290 x 195 mm., 252 ff. (incorrectly foliated omitting ff. 238-239), missing a few leaves (collation, i-xi12 xii4 [inserted paper leaves], xiii-xiv12 xv12 [quire complete but misbound] xvi12 xvii12+2 [2 inserted paper leaves], xviii6+2 [2 inserted leaves], xix12 [-11], xx12 [-5 and 10], xxi12 [-10 and 11], xxii14 [-3 and 5]), ff. 133-136 [dated 1702], ff. 188-189, and ff. 207-208 are later inserted paper leaves, written in a Gothic liturgical script, square musical notation on 4-line red staves, contemporary foliation with red Roman numerals in colored roundels, later 17th or 18th c. red headings, numerous calligraphic cadels, some grotesques, anthropomorphic or zoomorphic figures, alternating red and blue larger painted initials, nine later (17th or even 18th c.) large initials painted in a variety of colors introducing major liturgical sections (ff. 2, 26v, 32, 41, 97, 99v, 124v, 142, 188), one of these initials (f. 32) with letter formed by a winged dragon in green and orange, highlighted in white, another with a stylized bird (f. 97), three added drawings: f. 103v, instruments of the Passion; f. 218, Crucifixion and cross set in the painted initial; f. 254, Virgin and Child, colored in wash, parchment finding tabs. BINDING: Bound in a contemporary half-binding of dark brown leather over thick wooden boards, back originally sewn on five raised thongs, brass clasps (catches wanting), traces of brass bosses on upper cover, three out of four bosses on lower cover, single metal cornerpiece on upper cover. TEXT: Gradual for Dominican Use; of special interest are its contemporary foliation in Roman numerals placed in little colored roundels in the middle of the outer margin and the three pen drawings added in the margin (Passion Instruments, Crucifixion, Virgin and Child). Preserved in its original binding, the manuscript contains proof of continued use over the centuries, with later additions on paper and painted introductory initials “modernized” in later centuries. This manuscript is the summer part of a two-volume Gradual, a liturgical book which contains all the chants for the the Mass (Introit, Tract, Alleluia, Offertory and Communion) with the Temporal and Sanctoral here intermingled, as is quite common. This Gradual contains the chants only for Sundays and Major Feasts from Easter Sunday to Pentecost (the winter part from Advent to Easter was probably bound separately). PROVENANCE: Copied in the Northern Netherlands based on paleographic and decorative elements. The manuscript for the general use of the Dominicans was rapidly annotated and adapted for local use, with a number of saints added in the margins suggesting the manuscript was destined for use in the region of Utrecht, including Willibrod, Adalbert, Bonifatius, Odulphius, Lambert, Lebuin, and Wenceslas. The liturgy follows that of a Dominican Use with the office of Saint Dominic, f. 120, and his translation, f. 107 (see also f. 227). Remained in use well into the 18th century, and includes later illuminated initials and supplementary paper leaves. CONDITION: Binding in its unrestored condition, but nonetheless original; boards completely detached in need of restoration; some thumbing and a few waterstains affecting legibility in a few instances.
      [Bookseller: Les Enluminures ]
Last Found On: 2013-08-01           Check availability:      Biblio    

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