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December 1, 1818. Manuscript Document Signed “James F. Tong,” one page, 7.25” x 4.5”. [Ste. Genevieve, Missouri], December 1, 1818. Folds, ink stains mostly in blank areas. Fine condition.

Headed “No. 17.” In full, “Twelve months after date one or Either of us promises to pay the adm of Robert Groom Dec[ease]d Two hundred and Sixty Dollars for value Recd witness our hands and seals this 1st December 1818.” Also signed “J.B.A. Hubardeau” and “Jas. Holman” and, as witness, “Jas Moore.”

James F. Tong (c. 1783 – 1829) was one of Stephen F. Austin’s “Old Three Hundred,” a settler who received a land grant in Austin’s first colony. Records show that Tong was in Texas in November 1823 when he subscribed 20 bushels of corn toward paying the expenses of Erasmo Seguin as Texas deputy to the Mexican Congress. In July 1824, Tong was elected sixth Corporal in the colonial militia. On August 19, 1824, he received title to a sitio (parcel) of land now in Brazoria County. He is listed in the census of 1826 which classified him as a widowed carpenter between 40 and 50 years old. It is recorded that on October 24, 1829, Hinton Curtis was administering his estate. There are records that list a James F. Tong born on March 8, 1783 in Prince Georges, Maryland, which would make him 46 in 1829.

A decision of the Supreme Court of Missouri, Jackson District, November Term, 1823, in the case of Hughes v. Tong and Hubardeau, concerned a petition to foreclose a mortgage. It was noted to be an “Error from Ste. Genevieve Circuit Court ... Tong and Hubardeau had made a mortgage of certain lands to Hughes; and on a petition filed under the statute, to foreclose the mortgage, and have the premises sold, the defendants [Tong and Hubardeau] appeared, and to the petition filed a general demurrer; which demurrer was sustained, and judgment for the defendants; to reverse which, the case is brought here. The error assigned, is, that judgment should have been for the plaintiff...” This case has no connection with the promissory note here offered except that it identifies the place this document was most likely issued and links the two signers of the note to another legal document. By the time this case reached the Missouri Supreme Court, Tong was in Texas.

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Last Found On: 2018-02-20           Check availability:      Biblio    


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