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Fairfield, A Settlement of the United Brethren near Manchester
Fairfield: Published by E. Erxleben, Jan. 1, 1818. Coloured aquatint. Printed on wove paper. In excellent condition with the exception of some light staining in the upper section of the image. Trimmed on plate mark on sides and bottom margin. Paint residue on verso of sheet. Paper browning along lower margin. Scuff in upper section of image. Image size: 11 15/16 x 17 15/16 inches. 15 7/16 x 20 7/8 inches. An interesting view of the Moravian settlement at Fairfield outside Manchester, by the celebrated topographical engraver Robert Havell. The Moravians were a Protestant sect from Moravia who came to be known as the "Church of the Brotherhood" or "The United Brethren." They took an active part in the evangelical revival in England during the 18th century, and were closely associated for a time with John Wesley. In the 18th century, some congregations established Settlements, where they could live and follow their spiritual vocations in a disciplined Christian Brotherhood. Fairfield, one of these Settlements, was opened in 1785 on the outskirts of Manchester. The village was self- contained and self-governed, with its own inn, shop, bakery, farm, laundry, fire-engine, night-watchman, inspector of weights and measures, an overseer of roads, and even its own physician. There were community houses for sisters and brethren, who applied themselves to the varied work of the settlement. Fairfield was the largest settlement in England and was a hive of industrious and religious activity. Born into a family of talented artists, the painter, engraver, and publisher Robert Havell worked in his family's London-based engraving firm for several years with his father, the topographical and architectural engraver and publisher, Daniel Havell, and his cousin, the painter William Havell. With his son, he later established a successful business on Oxford Street that produced a number of illustrations for various travel and topographical publications as well as several series of topographical and architectural aquatint engravings including "Picturesque Views on the River Thames" (1812) and "Views of the Public Buildings and Bridges in London and its Environs" (1820-1). The father-son partnership lasted until 1828, at which time Robert Jr. emigrated to America.
      [Bookseller: Donald Heald Rare Books]
Last Found On: 2013-07-26           Check availability:      Biblio    

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