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Il Comitato di Verificazione Ai Popoli Cispandani. Bologna 26. Marzo 1797. Anno I. della Repubblica Cispadana una, e indivisibile
In Imola: nella stamperia di governo, 1797. First edition. Broadside. A fine copy, previously folded. 54 x 38 cm. Illus. with vignette at head of an allegorical female figure with Phrygian cap on a rod, leaning on fasces with an axe blade emerging. A broadside announcing a new constitution and proclaiming the creation of the Republic of Cispadana. The Cispadane Republic (Repubblica Cispadana) was a short-lived Napoleanic state, founded in 1796 with the protection of the French army, led by Napoleon Bonaparte. A preliminary draft of a constitution was began in January 1797 and worked on by a 'congress of the people' from January 21 to March 1, 1797. As a flag, it chose a tricolor (of red, green, and white), Italy's first. Bonaparte demanded additional changes to the constitution, including the abolition of a clause restricting the principle of equality: needed was "An absolute equality and understanding in the spirit, in virtue and in physical strength, in luck, in education, and good fortune to all men." In July the Republic was merged with the Transpadane Republic, forming the Cisalpine Republic (which was gone by 1802, merged into the new Italian Republic, also formed by Napoleon. In 1805, following Bonaparte's assumption of the title of Emperor of the French, the Italian Republic was transformed into the Kingdom of Italy [Regno d'Italia]). Reporting that the vote was in favor of the constitution, the broadside notes that "after abolishing tyranny, we have achived without revolution, a new government... [and] ...we have a solemnly sanctioned social pact, we will soon have a stable government, legal representation, a body of magistrates, and public functionaries elected by various 'comitia' of the people." Very rare. The constitution itself shows a few institutional holdings and later reprints, bit this announcement is a different story; we could locate no copies at any North American or European Libraries. OPAC locates one copy with a similar title but issued one day later and published "In Bologna, ed in Ferrara," at the Biblioteca Civica Bertoliana di Vicena.
      [Bookseller: Kaaterskill Books, ABAA/ILAB]
Last Found On: 2013-07-20           Check availability:      Biblio    

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