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Studholme Hodgson
June 30, 1761. Document Signed, "S Hodgson" as Colonel of the fifth Regiment of Foot, Major General and Commander in Chief of His Majesty's Forces employed on an Expedition & dated June 30, 1761, one page, 8" X 12.5" with docketed integral leaf, addressed to Charles Bimbridge Esq. / Deputy Paymaster General, from the Palais at Belle Isle.

In full, "By Virtue of the Power and Authority to me given and granted by His Majesty in this behalf, I do hereby direct and require that out of the Treasure in your hands for the use of the Forces under my Command you do advance without deduction unto Lieutenant George King of His Majesty's Ninetieth Regiment of Foot Commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Commandant Hugh Morgan, the Sum of Six Hundred and Thirty four Pounds Five Shillings Ster. Value upon account of the Subsistence of this said Regiment, and for so doing this with the Acquittance of the said Lieut. George King shall be your Warrant and Discharge. / Given at Head Quarters Palais the 30th day of June 1761. In the first year of His Majesty's Reign. / (signed) S Hodgson / By His Excellency's Command / (signed) Th A Pincke". Light soiling and edge wear, with small splits at folds along right margin; overall near fine condition with dark, highly legible text and signature.

The Seven Years' War (1756-1763), the European counterpart to the French and Indian War (1754-1763), began officially between France and England on May 15, 1756, when England made a formal declaration of war. Actually, fighting had been going on in America for two years. The war involved all the major European powers and did not go well for England until the elder William Pitt came to power in 1756. He concentrated on fighting the French and sent badly needed troop reinforcements to North America. The Treaty of Paris, signed by Great Britain, France, and Spain on February 10, 1763, ended the Seven Years' War and its American counterpart, the French and Indian War (1754-1763). Worldwide, France was humbled and the treaty marked the start of the colonial and maritime supremacy of Great Britain. Britain's success was costly, however, and Parliament's attempt to cover its debts and to pay for a continuing military presence in America by direct taxation of the colonists soon caused strained relations between mother country and colonies. The 90th (or Colonel Morgan's) Irish Light Infantry, of 1759-63, was raised in Ireland, and the papers of the day speak in glowing terms of its fine appearance when first brought over to England. It was employed at the famous siege of Belle Isle on June 7, 1761. Protected by a fleet under Admiral Keppel, 8,000 British troops led by General Hodgeson landed under enemy fire and after difficulty forced the surrender of the garrison of Palais, the main town. British casualties were 700, many more than the French. It was was also much distinguished in June 1762 when British troops and naval units (Earl of Albemarle and Admiral Pococke) laid siege to Havana. They took Moro Castle, key to the defense, by storm and after two months captured the city. It was disbanded in England at the peace of 1763.

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Last Found On: 2017-12-19           Check availability:      Biblio    

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