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Allgemeine Geschichte der Natur in alphabetischer Ordung; fortgesetzt von einer Gesellschaft Gelehrten, und herausgegeben von Johann Georg Krünitz
Berlin and Stettin: Pauli 1774 - 1793 - 11 Bände (vollständig) - With 559 (plus 12 additional), mostly coloured engraved plates, eleven engraved portraits and engraved title vignette. Contemporary calf, gilt spine in compartments, two morocco labels. Browning here and there due to paper quality, otherwise an excellent most complete copy Very rare in complete form. With all plates mentioned and 12 additional plates with shells probably from another work bound in. Allgemeine Geschichte der Natur ("The General History of Nature) by Fried-rich Heinrich Martini and J. Georg Krünitz is one of a number of large, comprehensive dictionaries of nature that were published during the 18th century. Written in the style of the French dictionaries like Valmont de Bomare's, this work on natural history and botany covers animals, entomology, shells, plants, geology, minerals, fossils, and more, with many of the illustrative plates designed by the distinguished artists of the age. These plates were mostly engraved by J. Schmidt in Berlin. Unlike many of the contemporary French works, however, this book is alphabetical in ist treatment of the subject. Apparently it was not a profitable venture either, and was never completed, with the 11 volumes that appeared extending only from the letter A through entries beginning with Coquille’. The compilers of dictionaries had two large banks from which to rob: Linnaeus' Systema Naturæ and Buffon's Histoire Naturelle. They would abstract and arrange the contents of these works alphabetically. As a result the reader got Linnaeus' exactness and Buffon's fine writing in both science and literature. Creation of such dictionaries reached ist zenith with the extravagant works of Houttyun's Natuurkyke Historie of Uitvoerige Beschryving der Dieren, Planten en Mineralen, published in thirty-seven volumes (1761 - 1785), and Valmont de Bomare's Dictionaire Raisoné Universel d'Histoire Naturelle, that appeared in at least five editions, and in Danish, Dutch, Italian and Russian translations. Martini's Allgemeine Geschichte der Natur in alfabetischer Ordnung (1774), which ambi-tiously built on Bomare's Dictionaire and invited ist readers to participate in making a new edition by filling out pages left blank for the purpose. Friedrich Heinrich Wilhelm Martini (1729 1778) was a german physician, translator of natural history works and shell collector. Martini who worked as physician in Hamburg, before relocating to Berlin where he founded the important and influential Gesellschaft naturforschender Freunde. Martini began to publish in 1769 a famous book on shells: Neues systematisches Conchylien-Cabinet published by Raspe at Nürnberg. But he died after the publication of the third volume. His work was continued by Johann Hieronymus Chemnitz (1730 -1800) who added eight volumes between 1779 and 1795. Even though the work does not use the binomial system both are considered author of the new species figured. His Allgemeine Geschichte der Natur incorporates many articles on shells and images of specimens from different shell collections.- Dance. Shell Collecting. An illustrated History (1966); Zischka, Allgemeines Gelehrten-Lexikon, 208; Nissen, ZBI 2721 (556 plates).; Hagen, 523 (only 511 plates). [Attributes: Hard Cover]
      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Thomas Mertens]
Last Found On: 2017-12-19           Check availability:      IberLibro    

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