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Portrait of Prince Ludwig III of Bavaria and Princess Maria Theresia with the their first ten children: Rupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria, Adelgunde, Maria Ludwiga, Karl, Franz, Mathilde, Wolfgang, Hildegarde, Wiltrud and Helmtrud.
- München, 1887. Original photograph, cabinetcard, albumen print, 10,9 x 16,6 cm. Ludwig III (Ludwig Luitpold Josef Maria Aloys Alfried), (7 January 1845 - 18 October 1921) was the last King of Bavaria, reigning from 1913 to 1918. Ludwig was born in Munich, the eldest son of Prince Luitpold of Bavaria and of his wife, Archduchess Augusta of Austria (daughter of Grand Duke Leopold II of Tuscany). He was a descendant of both Louis XIV of France and William the Conqueror. Hailing from Florence, Augusta always spoke in Italian to her four children. Ludwig was named after his grandfather, King Ludwig I of Bavaria. Ludwig spent his first years living in the Electoral rooms of the Munich Residenz and in the Wittelsbacher Palace. From 1852 to 1863, he was tutored by Ferdinand von Malaisé. When he was ten years old, the family moved to the Leuchtenberg Palace. In 1861 at the age of sixteen, Ludwig began his military career when his uncle, King Maximilian II of Bavaria, gave him a commission as a lieutenant in the 6th Jägerbattalion. A year later, he entered the Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich, where he studied law and economics. When he was eighteen, he automatically became a member of the Senate of the Bavarian Legislature as a prince of the royal house. In 1866, Bavaria was allied with the Austrian Empire in the Austro-Prussian War. Ludwig held the rank of Oberleutnant. He was wounded at the Battle of Helmstedt, taking a bullet in his thigh. The incident contributed to the fact that he was rather averse to the military. He received the Knight's Cross 1st Class of the Bavarian Military Merit Order. In June 1867, Ludwig visited Vienna to attend the funeral of his cousin, Archduchess Mathilda of Austria (daughter of his father's sister Princess Hildegarde of Bavaria). While there, Ludwig met Mathilde's eighteen-year-old step-cousin Maria Theresia, Archduchess of Austria-Este. On 20 February 1868, at St. Augustine's Church in Vienna, Ludwig married Maria Theresa. She was the only daughter of the late Archduke Ferdinand Karl Viktor of Austria-Este (1821-1849) and of his wife Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria (1831-1903). - - - Maria Theresa of Austria-Este (Maria Theresa Henriette Dorothee; 2 July 1849 - 3 February 1919) was a Queen consort of Bavaria. She was the daughter and only child of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria-Este and his wife, Archduchess Elisabeth of Austria. She was the last Queen of Bavaria. Her paternal grandparents were Francis IV, Duke of Modena, and Princess Maria Beatrice of Savoy. Her maternal grandparents were Archduke Josef Anton of Austria and his third wife Duchess Maria Dorothea of Württemberg. Through her mother, Maria Theresa was the half sister of Maria Christina of Austria (1858-1929), wife of Alfonso XII of Spain. Her first cousins included the Belgian princesses, Stephanie, Crown Princess of Austria-Hungary and ([Princess Clementine of Belgium]|Clémentine], Princess Napoleon, as well as the archduchess Dorothea, Duchess of Orléans. On February 20, 1868, she married Prince Ludwig, eldest son of Bavaria's Prince Regent Luitpold, in the Augustinerkirche in Vienna. The couple had fallen in love during a visit of Ludwig at Pfingsten in Austria to attend the burial of Archduchess Mathilda and their decision to marry initially angered the Emperor, who had wished for her to marry Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany. The chief witness was Count Antonius Schaffgotsch. The family mostly lived on their farms at Leutstetten south of Munich, where Maria Theresa cultivated rose gardens. On November 7, 1918, Ludwig III was forced to abdicate the Bavarian throne, and Maria Theresa fled Munich with her family to Wildenwart Castle near Frasdorf, in order to escape from the Bolsheviks. The health of the Queen soon declined and she died there on February 3, 1919, being buried at the local chapel. On November 5, 1921, her remains were transferred to the cathedral of Munich along with those of her husband, who died
      [Bookseller: Krul Antiquarian Books]
Last Found On: 2017-10-10           Check availability:      AbeBooks    


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